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The literature embraced in this Dictionary covers a period of about one 
thousand years, and contains Hebrew and Aramaic elements in about equal pro- 
portions. The older Hebrew elements, which may conveniently be called the Mishhaic, 
and can in part be traced back to the first, if not to the second, century B. 0. B., 
may be considered a continuation of the Biblical Hebrew — Biblical Hebrew tinged 
with Aramaisms. It is therefore apt to throw light, more directly than its successor, 
on many obscure words and passages in the Bible; nevertheless, the material for Biblical 
exegesis deposited in the later literature is an inexhaustible mine, which still awaits 
exploitation by sympathetic students. Besides the Mishnah and the Tosefta, the 
Mishnaic period embraces Sifra andSifre, Mekhilta, and the older elements preserved 
in the Gemara, of which the prayers incidentally quoted are a very essential and 
interesting part. 

The later Hebrew elements in the Gemara and in the Midrashim lead down to the 
fifth and the eighth century respectively, and to a larger degree than the earlier Hebrew 
sections are mixed with Aramaic elements, and with foreign words borrowed from 
the environment and reflecting foreign influences in language as well as in thought. 
The Aramaic portions of the literature under treatment comprise both the eastern 
and the western dialects. 1 Owing to the close mental exchange between the 
Palestinian and the Babylonian Jews, these dialects are often found inextricably 
interwoven, and cannot be distinguished lexicographically. 

The subjects of this literature are as unlimited as are the interests of the human 
mind. Religion and ethics, exegesis and homiletics, jurisprudence and ceremonial 
laws, ritual and liturgy, philosophy and science, medicine and magics, astronomy 
and astrology, history and geography, commerce and trade, politics and social 
problems, all are represented there, and reflect the mental condition of the Jewish 
world in its seclusion from the outer world, as well as in its contact with the 
same whether in agreement or in opposition. 

1 For these Aramaic elements the traditional (though admittedly incorrect) term Ohaldaic (Ch., ch.) 
is retained in the Dictionary, wherever the designation is required for distinction from the corresponding 
Hebrew forms. 

Owing to the vast range and the unique character of this literature, both as 
to mode of thinking and method of presentation, it was frequently necessary to 
stretch the limits of lexicography and illustrate the definitions by means of larger 
citations than would be necessary in a more familiar domain of thought. Especially 
was this the case with legal and with ethical subjects. 

Archaeological matters have often been elucidated by references to Grreek and 
Roman customs and beliefs. 

The condition of the texts, especially of the Talmud Yerushalmi and of some of 
the Midrashim, made textual criticism and emendations inevitable, but the dangers 
of arbitrariness and personal bias had to be guarded against. Happily there were, 
in most cases, parallels to be drawn upon for the establishment of a correct text, 
and where these auxiliaries failed, the author preferred erring on the conservative 
side to indulging in conjectural emendations. For the Babylonian Talmud Raphael 
Rabbinowicz's Variae Lectiones was an invaluable aid to the author. 

The etymological method pursued in this Dictionary requires a somewhat fuller 
explanation than is ordinarily embodied in a preface. 1 

The Jewish literature here spoken of is specifically indigenous, in which respect 
it is unlike the Syriac literature contemporary with it, which is mainly Christian, 
and as such was influenced, not only in thought but also in language, by the 
Greek and Latin tongues of the religious teachers of a people itself not free from 
foreign admixtures. Foreign influences came to Jewish literature merely through 
the ordinary channel of international intercourse. It is for this reason, if for no 
other, that the Jewish literature of post-Biblical days down to the ninth century 
may be called original. Hence it is natural to expect that, in extending the horizon 
of thought, it also extended its vocabulary on its own basis, employing the elements 
contained in its own treasury. 

Starting from such premises, the investigator had to overhaul the laws regulating 
the derivation of -words whose etymology or meaning is unknown from known 
Semitic roots; every word of strange appearance had to be examined on its merits 
both as to its meaning or meanings and as to its origin; the temptation offered by 
phonetic resemblances had to be resisted, and the laws of word-formation common 
to all other original languages as well as the environment in which a word appears 
had to be consulted before a conclusion could be reached. The foremost among 
these laws is that a word is imported into one language from another with the 
importation of the article it represents or of the idea it conveys. Unless these 
conditions of importation are apparent, the presumption should be in favor of the 
home market. 

Take e. g. the word tfto^D and its dialectic equivalent Stt3H&' , 8, which means 

1 The attempt to make "biliteral roots the basis for radical definitions of stems was found too 
cumbersome and too much subject to misunderstanding, and was therefore abandoned with the beginning 
of the third letter of the alphabet. 

(a) a recess, an alley adjoining the market place to which the merchants retire 
for the transaction of business, also the trader's stand under the colonnade, and 
(b.) an abscess, a carbuncle. The Latin semita, which since Musafia has been adopted 
as the origin of simta, offers hardly more than an assonance of consonants: a foot- 
path cannot, except by a great stretch, be forced into the meaning of a market 
stand; and what becomes of simta as abscess? But take the word as Semitic, and 
B53D, dialectically = t:53'il5 1 , offers itself readily, and as for the process of thought by 
which 'recess', 'nook', goes over into 'abscess' in medical language, we have a parallel 
in the Latin 'abscessus.' How much Latin medical nomenclature may have in- 
fluenced the same association of ideas among the Jews is a theme of speculation 
for students of comparative philology or of the physiology of language. 

A superficial glance at the vocabulary of this Dictionary will convince the 
reader that the example here given represents an extremely numerous class. The 
cases may not always be so plain, and the author is prepared for objections against 
his derivations in single instances, but the number of indisputable derivations from 
known Semitic roots remains large enough to justify the method pursued. 

The problem becomes more complicated when both the meaning and the origin 
of words are unknown. Such is the case e. g. with the word C^aDS in the phrase 
(Num. E. s. 4 20 ) TYYlffal &TS0K *j£fin, he turned the isperes and leaped. Levy, guided 
by Musafia, resorts to acpopov, ankle; others suspect in it the name of a garment, 
airetpos, a rare form for cwueTpov. But the phrase itself and the context in which 
it appears indicate a native word, and this is found in the stem D"3, of which 
DISDtf is an 'Ispeel' noun, that is to say, a noun formed from the enlarged stem 
D^SD. As CIS or tlD"© is the cloven foot, the latter being also applied to the human 
foot (Sifre Deuteronomy 2), so DTBDS is the front part of the foot, where the 
toes begin to separate. The phrase quoted is to be translated, 'he (David) inverted 
the front part of his foot', i. e. stood on tiptoe, 'and leaped' (danced). 

We meet with the same stem in the Aramaic, KD' , "iS&K. Referring to Lamentations 
III, 12, 'he has bent his bow and set me (literally: made me to stand) as a mark 
for the arrow', one Amora is recorded in the Midrash (Lamentations Rabbah a. 1.) 
as having explained kammattara laliets by a& h 1£©!ab KH*VQ5. Another is quoted as 
saying, 'like the pole of the archers (the Roman palus) at which all aim, but which 
remains standing.' What is aW^H? and what is KD^IBDS? The medieval Jewish 
commentators frankly admit their ignorance. Musafia, however, reads &WS, main- 
taining that he had found it in some editions, and refers to Latin par ma, explain- 
ing isp'risa as sparus, and translating, 'as the shield to the spear.' Ingenious, 
indeed! But on closer inspection this explanation is beset with intrinsic difficulties. 
To begin with, parma as shield does not appear in the Talmudic literature again, 
from which we may infer that it was not generally known to the Jews in their 

1 In fact where Pesahim 50 1 ' has xoa^b i"iin, Tosefta Biccurim end, in Mss. Erfurt and Vienna, 
reads hBTaiB illn, which is obviously a corruption of naaiffi, the pure Hebrew form for the Aramaic (saa^O. 


combats with the Romans. Furthermore, the sparus is a small hunting spear never 
used in battle to aim against the warrior's shield. As the entire passage in 
the Midrash quoted conveys the purpose of the interpreters to explain the Biblical 
text by means of a popular illustration, the Amora reported to have used this 
expression would have utterly missed his object, had he employed foreign and 
unfamiliar words, when he might have used plain words like ttailb ]Xa5, or their 
Aramaic equivalents. If, furthermore, it is taken into consideration that editio Buber 
of Lam, R., in agreement with the Arukh, reads "p»tf piTi -pzil for "ia» ntt, thus 
distinctly referring to Babylonian authorities, the supposition of foreign origin for 
XttTQ and KCISOS falls to the ground. 1 But, on the other hand, take tfO^SDtf 
as an 'Ispeel' noun of the stem D1S, and it means 'that which is to be cloven', 
i. e. the log, corresponding to the Hebrew ItPpl What is 6WYD, or !Sa*iS, again 
on the assumption that it is a home word? The root WO. like D13 means to 
divide, to split 2 , and burma or rather bor'ma is 'the splitter', i. e. the wedge used 
to split the log. The Amora quoted in the Midrash therefore means to say that 
Israel, although the target of hostile attacks, is what the wedge is to the log: the 
wedge is struck, but the log is split. The other Amora quoted expresses the 
same idea by a different metaphor: 'as the pole of the arrows', and likewise a 
third, who lays stress on "^SH, 'he caused me to stand', in the sense of enduring. 
An analogous expression to ftiTTQ, is tfD^bB (Pales of abB), with which Targum 
renders the same Hebrew word (mttfa) that forms the subject of comment in the 
Midrash just referred to (I Samuel XX, 20). 

The following lines are intended to give some specimens of such extension of 
roots, both Hebrew and Aramaic, as have not been recognized heretofore, or, if 
recognized, have not been applied to their full extent. 

Ithpaal or Ithpeel nouns in Aramaean and Aramaicized Hebrew, and Hithpael 
nouns in Hebrew are too well known to require more than mere mention. Formations 
like irittftffl!"!, ISttriK, SWto&lfc are recognized on their face. Except for the preconceived 
notions concerning the nature of the Talmudic vocabulary, it would seem no more 
than natural that the Mishnaic F^bttSK or l"l h bt:DJ!< (Yoma VII, 1) should be an enlarge- 
ment of tfbti, i. e. an Ithpaal noun of bbti, and "jib trbtilSN merely a synonym of 
"pb h *CG in the same Mishnah, meaning 'covering', i. e. a suit of clothes, whereas 
the plainer form tvbti is used for cloak or sheet. From among the vocables 
reclaimed for the Semitic store on the same principle, one more may be mentioned 
here: titntiSm or SttBO^ is a derivative of DH£, and, as such, a phonetic and actual 
equivalent of the Biblical Fta£, and the meaning of the Hebrew word should be 
learned from its well-defined Aramaic representative: 'something which restrains the 

1 That Arukh ed. Kohut and Buber in Lam. R. read xniis&x, with n for D, cannot be taken into 
consideration in view of the numerous evidences in favor of KOTffi&N. 

2 Compare Targum I Chronicles V, 1 2, xniD^o dia, 'a portion of the kingdom' and the particle dia 
'besides', and B'rakhoth 39 a Wis lhiia'TB, 'he chopped them into pieces.' 


flying locks' (Sabbath* 57 b ), i. e. a hair-band worn, as we further learn from the 
discussion concerning ist'ma, under the hair net or cap. To uncover the ftOS (Isaiah 
XL VII, 2) therefore means to throw off the matron's head-cover and appear as 
a slave. The variant 'I3DK for 1328 in these forms is a common phenomenon in 
Talmudic orthography. 

In connection with this noun formation it may not be out of place to note 
that Ithpaal or Ithpeel nouns sometimes drop the initial Aleph, in which case they 
may resume the regular order of consonants, which is inverted in the verb. Thus 
8p12t3 (M'nahoth 41 a ) is formed from p1t328, the Ithpaal of p"J2, 'to justify one's self 
(compare Genesis XLIV, 16), and means justification, excuse. Another 8p12t3 is formed 
from the root pit), and means split, breaking through, damage (Baba Kamma 56 a ). 
*ljn2t3 (Gittin 86 a ) is an Ithpeel noun of 1H2 (=1fTF), and means a shining white spot, 
a suspicious symptom of leprosy; and, indeed, Alfasi reads 1H2. 1 The Mandaic 
dialect offers analogies to these formations (see Noeldeke, Mand. Grramm. § 48, sq.). 

The enlargement of stems by the prefix 125 is well known in the Aramaic Shafel, 
but evidences of this same process are to be met with also in classical Hebrew. 
We have "pp and VplB, yta and Viai2J, snb and fOflblB, and many more. More 
frequent is the use of the prefix 2"i for the formation of verbal nouns, as fjbSli, 
Jta^fiFl, &c. Such verbal nouns may again become the basis for the formation of 
nominal verbs, as bb&flJl, 'to pray', which only by a stretch of the imagination 
can be explained as a plain Hithpael. So also J^ilMl, 'to shout' (Ps. LXV, 14; 
LX, 10; OVIII, 10), is to be taken as a derivative of Wnil. The Talmudic Hebrew 
offers these formations in abundance, as b^riSnri from PlbttFl, Dill from nSMIFl (see 
Abraham Greiger, Die Sprache der Mischnah, § 7). 

On this principle of enlarged stems many words in this Dictionary have been 
regained from foreign origin for Semitic citizenship, e. g. D h 12"i, 'shield', and its 
derivatives in Hebrew and Aramaic, KfdTO and *jni23 (see the Dictionary s. vv.). 

The letter D is an equivalent of 123 in the Shafel forms in the later Hebrew 
as in the Aramaic; hence words like SID, Piel SID from 31; SlTiD from Sfil; b}1D 
from bjl; pID, 'to be empty', from pi, and many more. 

A further development of Safel stems consists in formations which for con- 
venience' sake may be defined as 'Ispeel' nouns, of which the aforementioned 
DTSD8 and KD^ISDia may serve as examples. 

The same letters, 123, ti, D, and also T, are used as intensive suffixes. The Biblical 
1253131 and T1251S have been explained by some as enlargements of F)t3l (= 3t3l) 
and 12512 respectively. Be this as it may, the Talmudic Hebrew and the Aramaic 
possess such intensive suffixes. D31S belongs to "J1S, 'to crush, grind, scrape', and 
the various significations of this enlarged stem and its derivatives can easily be 
traced back to the fundamental meaning (see Diet. s. v. D313 I and II). Only to 

. l See Dictionary s. v. iftSD for an explanation of the misinterpretation which the word has suffered 
at the hands of commentators. 

one derivative of DilB reference may here be made. fiDilSa is 'the grinder', i. e. the 
hopper in the mill, and were it not for the tenacious prejudice in favor of foreign 
etymologies, no scholar would ever have thought of resorting for the original of 
dfarkheseth to npoyooz or apical, neither of which has any connection with the 
grinding process. 1 

For words with suffixed t the reader is referred to fbtta and atlbbp as specimens. 

Enlargements by suffixed "\ have been recognized in IpTB and TplBa. More 
frequent is the formation by prefixed "1, originally the demonstrative or relative 
pronoun. In the Dictionary these forms are designated as Difel, Dispeel, or Dithpeel 
nouns. The well-known arval in the form of "i iFirW for 'the wife of furnishes 
the key for the explanation of words like aiarTm,- HCSnin (Targum Isaiah XXIII, 13; 
XXX, 2, for Hebrew fibsa); ampD h a% contracted ampO^, an enlargement of amp, 
'private town, settlement'; iXptWn and Kpfto hb 1, a denominative of aptr, 'handle of an 
axe' (Syr. apnea and aprfi-j); TiWn (Sabb. 48 a ), 'shreds of a turban' (Ms. M. TUB), 
and many more. 

b as a formative suffix appears in classical Hebrew, as b33*D,. bT\T\ &c. (See 
Gesenius Thesaurus sub littera b.) Of Talmudic Hebrew there may be mentioned 
here ba^a, bsfl? (from SIS, 1*D>, to Unit, interlace), meaning sieve, from which the 
verb b:a">a (b^l), to sift. Correspondingly the Aramaic abasia, abl*0>, is sieve, the verb 
bma, to sift, shake, ba"l3>, to confound (compare the metaphor in Amos IX, 9), and 
■paba-iy, mixed multitude. 

It would have been superfluous to refer here to that well-known enlarge- 
ment of stems by suffixed b, were it not that even for so common a utensil as a 
sieve foreign languages have been ransacked, and arh'la or 'arVla has been found 
in the Latin cribellum. The enlarged stem blia finds a further extension in bllD, 
for which verb and its derivatives the reader is referred to the Dictionary itself. 

Eeduplications of entire stems or of two letters of triliteral stems are well 
known. But there appear also reduplications of one letter employed for enlargement. 
ifffeVQ^anbaba, JOTT—JCmi, iWU3b=tTlubrab, which may be explained as contractions, 
find a counterpart in asrvun, thresher or grist-maker, which is a reduplication of Iffn 
or W7. 

These reduplications are especially remarkable for the transpositions of the 
radicals with which they are frequently connected. The stem 3>33tt appears as a 
reduplication of JTO, a3tt, in the sense of lowing, roaring, and figuratively of longing 
for and howling against. But it also occurs as a transposition of 3J>35>, a reduplication 
of 315>, with the meaning of rolling around, babfc, from bbS3, interchanges with Dbftb, 

1 This n&S-fii* has nothing in common with D3B")!* (aprca£=68pdpira£, oipita7iov), 'the waterclock', which 
appears in Gen. E. s. 4. In Kelim XIV, 6, and XXX, 4, where a metal harpax and a glass harpax are 
respectively mentioned, the Arukh has preserved the correct reading tnsm, where the editions have 
DD1SX. The latter reading has misled the commentators into identifying the word with rtosiBS, and it forced 
Maimonides, who realized the difficulty of a 'glass hopper', to assume the meaning of a hopper-shaped 
vessel, a funnel, 

signifying to talk against, murmur: D3D3, apocopated SjD3, is a transposition of "ID3D. 
blflbts interchanges with Ulb'fflb in the nouns bl'fflbia and ffi»bTBb, with their Aramaic 
equivalent KniBlblBb, and in the contracted forms tWfflb and rWfflbTD. 1 

It need scarcely be said that these outlines of Talmudic etymology by no 
means exhaust the subject. They have been given a place here for the purpose 
of showing the basis upon which the work has been constructed, and as a justification 
of the author's deviation from the views hitherto prevailing on the subject under 
consideration. . ■ - 

A few remarks on foreign words in the literature which for the sake of 
brevity is here called Talmudic, may not be out of place in this preface. 

The intercourse between the Jews of the Talmudic ages with Greek and Latin 
speaking gentiles was not only that of trade and government, but also of thought 
and ideas. Along with the apostles and teachers of young Christianity, and even 
before their time, Jewish champions of religion and morality lectured in the 
private rooms of princes and princesses, noblemen and matrons. Instances of 
intimate association of prominent Jewish teachers with emperors, kings, philo- 
sophers, and scholars and their families are related in the Talmudic records in 
numbers large enough to account for the adoption of words like philosophy, astrology, 
epilogue, &c, not to speak of such terms as were borrowed by the Jews together 
with the objects or ideas which they represent. A footstool was called hypo- 
podion, a tablet pinax; the profligate gourmand's emetic taken before meals, or 
rather between one stage of the banquet and the other, was called by its jocular 
name dicoxoTxa^tCsiv (to play the cottabus), and adopted in the general medical 
sense; and so forth. 

This accounts for the large number of Greek and Latin vocables in the so- 
called Jerusalem Talmud grown up under the Greco-Eoman influences of the Csesars, 
and more still in those Targumim and Midrashim which were compiled in the 
Byzantine empire. The Agadah, taking its illustrations from the daily environment, 
speaks of Caisar, Augustus, duces, polemarchi, legiones, matrona, schola, &c, -while 
in legal discussions the institutions of the governments, in so far as they influenced 
or superseded the Jewish law, had to be called by their foreign names. Agoranomos 
and agronomia, angaria and par angaria, epimeletes, epitropos, bule, and innumerable 
other terms were embodied in the Jewish vocabulary, although not always dislodging 
their Hebrew or Aramaic equivalents. 

Owing to copyists' mistakes and acoustic deficiencies of transmission in distant 
ages and countries in which these foreign words were but vaguely understood, the 
student has on this point to contend with a vast number of corruptions and 
glossators' guesses at interpretation. In most eases, however, these corruptions are 
recoverable through the medium of correct or differently corrupted, parallels. 

1 See Jastrow, Transposed Stems, Drugulin, Leipzig 1891, and the Dictionary under the re- 
spective words. 


"'irons!* ("'"iWtSS, "Wltf, Gittin 20 a ), not recognized by the commentators, and probably 
no longer understood by the Babylonian Babbis, who received the word from 
Palestine together with the legal subject with which it is connected, fortunately 
finds a parallel in a worse copyist's corruption in the Jerusalem Talmud, namely 
DWB pyrin (Yer. Gittin IV, 45 d ), and both in KtiplniH (Treatise Abadim, ed. Kirch- 
heim, ch; IV). A combination of these corruptions together with an examination 
of the subject under discussion leads to vindicta or vindicatio(-nis) (see Revue des 
Etudes Juives, 1883, p. 150). It should be said, however, that this is one of the 
worst corruptions the author has met with. 

Another class of corruptions owes its existence to the natural tendency to 
adapt foreign words to the organic peculiarities of the people. The people pro- 
nounced Andrianos or Andrinos more easily than Hadrianos; unkeanos was more 
congenial than okeanos, agard'mos and agromos are popular mutilations of agoranomos; 
tfp^tttba and tfp'nSbi are organic transformations of lectka; although the correct forms 
Hadrianos, okeanos, &c. are by no means infrequent (see Collitz, The Aryan Name 
of the Tongue, in 'Oriental Studies', Boston, 1894, p. 201, note). 

Otherwise the foreign consonants are transliterated as faithfully as can be 
expected with national organic peculiarities as different as the Aryan and the 
Semitic. Transpositions of rd and dr, frequent even in Hebrew or Aramaic home- 
words, or sch for x (cks), need hardly surprise any one. Thus ■d'tymn and fc^QTiin 
go side by side with D^TrX, for hydraulis; "pftppo stands for xenium; DIODIDSIT 
for dyschistos, and so forth. 

As to vowels, the Greek \ and the Latin e are, as a rule, represented by "', 
the Greek oi by 1 or ^1, whereas the Greek eo frequently appears, as T\ The Greek u 
and the Latin u keep their place as midway between vowels and consonants, so 
that they may be transcribed by *, 1, or 2. The last is especially the case in 
diphthongs, so that DtfiVO is met with alongside of dttYlVO, and DtaTVp for 

Short vowels, except in cases of heavy accumulations of consonants, are most 
frequently ignored. This omission of vowels, congenial as it is to the Semitic spirit, 
means a loss of soul to the Aryan words, and offers difficulties not easily overcome, 

The laws of transliteration of Greek and Latin loanwords are exhaustively 
treated in Samuel Krauss, „Griechische und Lateinische Lehnworter in Talmud, &c." 
(Berlin, S. Calvary & Co., 1898). It is to be regretted that the proclivity to find 
Latin and Greek in words indisputably Semitic has led the author into a labyrinth of 
fatal errors. 

Persian words are now and then encountered in the Talmud as remnants 
of the first period after the Babylonian exile, when the new Jewish commonwealth 
was organized under the Persian empire, and more still as modern arrivals of the 
time when Babylonia grew to be the centre of Jewish lore. 

Arabic elements of direct importation, barring explicit linguistic references, 
came along with Arabic objects of trade, but there should be a considable reduction 

from the number hitherto accepted in Talmudic lexicography. The Hebrew and 
Aramaic of the Talmudic period had little to learn from a people which after the 
close of the Talmudic era became the world's teacher. 

The difficulties besetting the study of Talmud and Midrash will be overcome 
in the degree in which modern scholars will take it up for philological and 
archaeological purposes as adjuncts of those who are too much engrossed in its 
practical and doctrinal side to allow themselves time for what seems to them 
unessential. But even what has been heretofore rediscovered, as it were, thanks to 
the labors of Leopold Zunz, Samuel Loeb Rapaport, Heinrich Graetz, Zacharias 
Frankel, Michael Sachs, Solomon David Luzzatto, Abraham Greiger, M. Joel, Joseph 
Perles, Alexander Kohut, and a host of others, is enough to prove the marvellous 
familiarity of the Rabbis with the events, institutions, and views of life of the world 
outside and around their own peculiar civilization. What is more, we have been 
familiarized with the philosophical impartiality and sober superiority with which 
they appreciated what was laudable and reprehended what was objectionable in 
the intellectual and moral condition of the 'nations of the world', as they called 
the gentile world around them; kings and empires, nations and governments, public 
entertainments and social habits, they reviewed through the spy-glass of pure mono- 
theism and stern morality. 

In conclusion, the author begs to state his indebtedness to Jacob Levy's 
Targumic and Neo-Hebrew Dictionaries, where an amount of material far exceeding 
the vocabularies of the Arukh and Buxtorf's Lexicon Hebraicum et Chaldaicum 
is accumulated, which alone could have encouraged and enabled the author to 
undertake a task the mere preparation for which may well fill a lifetime. 

Thanks are also rendered here for the munificent subventions which enabled 
the author to publish a work by its nature requiring great pecuniary sacrifices. 
To the list of subscribers mentioned on the title sheet of the first volume, the follow- 
ing should be added: Mr. Emanuel Lehman, Mr. Louis Stern, the Honorable Isidor 
Straus, the Honorable Oscar S. Straus, all of New York, and Judge Mayer Sulzberger 
of Philadelphia (additional subscription). It gives the author considerable pleasure 
to place among the subscriptions a gift of the school children of the Congregation 
Rodef Shalom of Philadelphia, on the occasion of the seventieth birthday of its 
Rabbi Emeritus. 

The author also expresses his gratitude to the friends who have assisted him 
in the arduous task of proof reading, among whom special mention is due to 
Miss Henrietta Szold, of Baltimore. He also acknowledges his obligation to the 
Rev. Dr. S. Mendelsohn, of Wilmington, N. 0., for the index of Scriptural citations 
appended to this work, a contribution which, the author is confident, will be 
welcomed by all Biblical students. 

The religious sentiments inspiring the author at the completion of his labors 
of five and twenty years are too sacred to be sent abroad beyond the sanctuary 
of heart and home. 
• Philadelphia, May, 1903. MARCUS JASTROW 

Hebrew or Aramaic Abbreviations 

i Talmud and Midrash, including abbreviations of the most frequently occurring 
names of 1 

s"s=i3i3!* dmsK 

n"aa=x3n na na 

n"iua=3n niua, ian am 

n"U5i=am3n nasaj m 

x"s<=nnaK i« 

Ta^in his 

s"n=nas nn 

K"X=n©BK ^i< 

x"n3=diniax dinan naa 

■asH* 1 ™ 


s"K=um nm 

n"a=bbn ma 

B"w=nna nmia 

a"nn=ns»ian bin 

3"KN=xabiaa nnax m 

n"3=irnpan ma 

n"a=dine>n mbiaa 

i"n=aibiai &n 

3"X!*=p DK xbi* 

n"a=nian b»3 

s>"a=niins iiVna 

s"3n=dinais diasn 

a"it=inii3i3 sens 

n"a=xin -jina 

s>"a=ps ia 

V'n=yn«b nsin 

»"a«=sais« rros is 

x"na=&inaix bbn ma 



n"s=in»xn »3'i« 

s"na=nD3=n nia 

x"n=nnx nan 

s"i=dinais ii)i 

-i"ms=-,TO!Kin tans 

3"na=xD3h nia 

x"xn=ni)3ix inaxn 

n"N="on ix 

a „' }=iunnan nia 

n"n=ban inan 

„ |=dmiBan dii 


t3"n=dmsiS3 inan 

s"n n"ii=mni 

"16t==-l«1£< (ainais) 

f'ana^jnan nana 

n"n=ian insn 


3>"mx=dbisn niais 

p"ana=ianpan nia 

n"n=nmn nan, inan 

n"i=inam im 

3"nx=-p nnx 

ir"n3=nntta2:n pa 

fr=mni, read isnx 

n"i = nniUS nsiaii) (bene- 

i"x=bsniDi •px 

„ }=bii nusa 




n ia J 

sV'an^Jip&s ixas xan 

a"i=3iB dii 

-i"iaini 's=n3n mail) xni ps 

i"a=iX3i p 

n"n=ian lain 

'ii=nim, read 13ns 

3"K=p dS 

t"nta=ntn pn 

lY'itf-in sin 

n"nsi=3»nn nsi "" 

b"x=ib nax, &nb nax, nax 

n"a=am tea 

n"nn=ain3n sin xnn 

U"Xt=31B "isi 

mb , ib max &o. 

n"3=dnn ibsa 

i"n=ni inn, it inn 

a"ni=-ji3Bba lisn ini (prayer) 

n"ab t)"bx=dinbx (in bene- 

i"a=bxna)i i» 

b"n=nib mn, inb nin 

s"is3=nnsi nns ba 



b"bn=naiab nib mn 

a"3=bma ina 

n"aX=dbwn -|ba 13inbx (in 

a"a=Di3n= nana 

a"abn=i3i&a niuab nabn 

if ^|=ittJ3is masna 


a"aa=dipa baa 

a"n=ibia isn 

3"x=ia3 18 

a"aa=nuna 131a xni3 (in 

x"nan=nax nxn ixa -pn 


5>"«=iass nx, nass* nx, nx 


n"san=iite miana stision 

a"n3=x3ia i«n ia 


a"aa=i3isa naa 


a"n3=nbman noss 

a"sx=3a bs> nx 

a"3a=d3»a ",ni33 

3"n=ia3 ian 

3"i3=na3i naa 


n"sa=nian tea 
a"sa=mna tea 


t"3=yst ba 


&"3>3=n& tes 

a"pnr^ p " Sf1 

a"3=dipa bs . 

S"jt=-|l-lS 118, pms "(IX &c. 

S"3=ina xni3(in benediction) 

n"3pn=xin nma loinpn 

S>"3=sab3) ibia 

p"j<=K-ip tax 

x"nB3=nanxn ins xni3 (in 

b"ssi=naib n;ins •jisi 

B"3=iaibB 13 

i"ap8=Tnisa3 larcnp nujx 


n"si=nasn dsi 

i8"3=pffl ba 

1313E1 (in benedictions) 

s"nsa=y:s>n ins xma (in 


s"b=s3inns ssasib . ' 

n"x=ian nax, an nax 


s"m=nas nm 

a"nnb==sbwa ornan nn sb 

u)"8=ni&ia inx 
n"x=mpin bx 

3"B31 3"S3=i3Sai 3fl33 13S3 

JV H=dinaist diasni . 

p"nb=ianpn iifflb 
n"nb=snn -jUBb . ' ' 

b"nx=naib isam ax 

S"B3=iaS3> 13B3 

x"ii=dinais ii!ii 

U5"3b=plB bs sb 

x"a=anx ija 

n"3=ian p, ian na, an na 

r 3i=ibi3i, niVoi=<£c. 

b"b=ibnab . .. . 

i"X3='n nnx TTD (in bene- 

t"ann3=pan nana 

n"3i=xain 131 

a"b=sis>aia sb ' 


8}"na=^jisatt5 iana (ian p) 

fsi=m.ns n,v ntot 

*j"ab=p!*n ia dnb (sisian) 

3"3=xnn3 X3a 

a"a=iisaU5 ma 

b"i=aiab mat (isinai, d3inst 


a"a=na na 

x"iua=ainaix ixaia ma 


n"nab=nam nann nab 



K"3=*eiins xn&ii (gloss) 

b"a=iaib -px, laiab tons 

x"3aiui=iax i"a«5i 

n"3=i3n ias (v. rf'sti) 

y'!*p=hi!> las xp (ia«p) 

"•"a ^"^-^nr ia i 

s"b=aoiis &6 

B"3=d9B " ( nl3 

p"np=taifflipn iaip 

i"au3ij" xni |a i""" 

p"y=xnap s6 
n"b=rrt»n eft 

11 ° J 1=6111 rtlt)3 

a"3=n3ia ttpsa 

n"np=niinn nxnp 

V J^J=^P^PPau5'i 
a"affii=xi&3a p "|isattj i 

y'Ka=laiab soi8 i&w 

i"o="jnsi xpto 

y , ip=')'b xaiip 

i"ffi=diai JTQifiio 

i"9aa=dii iwaa 

s"iD=S3iax -jrwi xpto 

y , ap='|b 9atDa xp (9aiaap) 

i"C=ial iifiio 

T'a=iaM yxa 

y'o=niyistj, nib alias 

uj"p=9aiB nsoip 

a"3niu=iiaia nins tone (in 

j*"ia=ias nxi i«a (ha) 


"i=ai, iai, pi, iiai 


n"ia=niin mia 

N"9=ditoba iaw,iiai9, niias 

N"i=ii:s>ito 'i , iT9to 'i 

it)"nir3=diinan iiio 


i"3ss=naai naa nns* to 

i"axi=ap9i p ii9ito, 'i 

n"a?=d3n law ■ ■■ 

i»"na=nitan i3*6a 

3"9=aa to, iaa to 

»"a«-t=niiw p iwto i 

n"au:=3in ibis 

n"na=nnnn "ja 

T'9=iai to, iiai to 

9"U3ai=db"l9 bit) 13131 

a"©=n3ia saiu 

a"ia=pai saja 

n"S=yiKrl 09 

3"i=to.ibaa pi 


i»":tia=nai» i&utia, iswia 

n"s=m'bffln vto 

n"i=n3irn toi 

9"io = niios nsiaia 



a"n9=xan dbts 

n"i=&«in ai 


B"a=xa9B itfa 

i"ns=ntn tibns 


B"in=nBiis .tub 

i"iT?a=han lain nab baa 

i"ns=9in 119 

i"ni=iinin niiai 

i"BlB=dial msiBffl 

n"ba=rnz»n a6 nisa 


i"ni=diain rvusi 

^Uiias nibia 

a"a=dipa toa 


p"nii=iaipn nil 


rt"aa=b"oS>art isba "jba 

t"9=nn nna» 

t"i=xiit ai 

io"ffl=ii3ia lain) 

i"aa=-po&3 haa 

i"s=iii to 

n"i=iuin taxi 

tt)"i8=biatts d© 

3"a=qiBB3 na 

D .Tl^ia tali ais 

n"i=x3i3n i 

n"U) = nton saias 


a"nia=ibi» isn istia 

B"i=')isia 'i 


0"a=iao "in 

s"s=^o is 

i"i=sa3ini'i, isnii 'i, i&ii i, 


s"a=iitt» nisa 

3"9=-|nna to, inns to &c. 

to.9ait5i 'i 

n"n=qim nto.n 

B"sa=diaiB dm»a 

d"i39=niViai.dia3i3 law, 

i"aii=i&ot p "|3mi pi 

a"nn=dinan nunn 

-i"sa=T«Bj«"i iiosa 

iiaw, tiros 

b"aii=iib p 9H)im 'i 

n"n = d3n iiato, 


'ia"sa=i5ia imsa 

a"9=Pi3a to 

y'i=itrpb fflii 


i»"9a=raiD aisa 

t"9S=nit sttos lais, iiais 

a"i=iixa 'i 

y'n=iaib ilato. 

n"9ia=dibson vto 13131 niaa 

S"9=iS to 

3"i=nian3 i, ^are ai 

n"3r=i3n iaa xi3n 


1B"9 = SIB "|H9 (glossator's 

9"i=xaip9 'i 

p"n=sap sin 

i»"a=»5is ixa , 


b"i=!*sb ai 

i"n=')3ai isn 

3"siua=p "ptm na 

\u"9=nm to 

©"i^isaia 'i , misffl ai 

ia"n=9aii! stn 

n"u)a=i3h r btt 

iB"9=naiB ais 

s"air5i=iwto p paio i 

n"a5r=n»ipn diiaia 


n"a=nnn "pa 

s"s=nns dSB 

3"ami=toiba3 p fisaio pi 

n"r^=nnn nabn 


a. e.=and elsewhere. 

a. fr.=and frequently.^ 

a. l.=ad locum. 

a. v. fr.=and very frequently. 

Ab.=Aboth (Mishnah). 

Ab. d'E. N.=Aboth d'Eabbi Nathan (a 

late Talmudic treatise). 
Ab. Zar.=Abodah Zarah (Talmud). 
abbrev.=abbreviated or abbreviation. 
add^=additamenta(Hosaf ah to Pesik.E.) 
Ag.Hatt.=Agadoth hat-Torah (quoted 

in Babbinowicz Varise Lectiones). 
Alf.=Alfasi (Hilkhoth Eabbenu Alfasi). 
Am.=Amos. , ; 

List of Abbreviations. 

Ar.=Arukh (Talmudic Lexicon by E. 
Nathan Eomi). 

Ar. Compl.=Arukh Completum ed. 
Alexander Kohut, Vienna 1878-85. 

Arakh.=Arakhin (Talmud). 


B. Bath.=BabaBathra (Talmud), v.Kel. 

b. h.=Biblical Hebrew. 

B. Kam.=Baba Kamma (Talmud), v.Kel. 

B..Mets.=Baba M'tsi a (Talmud), v.Kel. 

B. N.=Beth Nathan (quoted in Bab- 
binowicz Varise Lectiones). 

Bab.=Babli (Babylonian Talmud). 

Bart.=Baftenora, Bertinora (com- 
mentary to Mishnah), 


Beitr.=Beitrage zur Sprach- und Alter- 

thumsforschung, by Michael Sachs, 

Berlin 1852—54, 2 vols, v. Bed. a. 

Bekh.=B'khoroth (Talmud). 
Ber.=B'rakhoth (Talmud). 
Berl.= Berliner (editor of Targum 

Berl. Beitr.=Berliner Beitrage zur Geo- 

graphie und Bthnographie Baby- 

loniens, Berlin 1884. 
Bets.— Betsah (Talmud). 
B'huck.=B'hukkothay (a pericope). 
Bicc.=Biccurim, Bikkurim (Mishnah 
bot.=bottom of page, [and Tosef ta). 
B'resh.=B'reshith (name of a pericope). 
B'shall.=B'shallah (name of a pericope). 


Cant.=Canticum (Song of Songs). 
Cant. B.=Canticum Eabbah (Midrash 
Shir hash-Shirim or Hazitha). 




Chron.=Chronicles, Book of. 

cmp.=compare (mostly referring i 

association of ideas). 
comment.=commentary < 

comp.=compound or composed. 
contr.=contracted or contraction 

corr. acc.=correct accordingly. 


Curt. Griech. Etym.=Curtius Griechi- 
sche Etymologie. 

Dan.=Daniel, Book of. 

Darkhe Mish.=Frankel, Hodegetica in 
Mishnam, Leipzig 1859 (Hebrew). 

def.=defining or definition. 

Del.=Delitzsch, Eriedrich. 

Del. Assyr. Handw. = Delitzsch As- 
syrisches Handworterbuch, Leipzig 

Del. Proleg. = Delitzsch Prolegomena 
einesneuen Hebraisch-Aramaischen 
Worterbuchs &c. 

Dem.— D'mai (Mishnah, Tosefta a. 

denom.=denominative. [Y'rushalmi). 

Der. Er.=Derekh Erets (Ethics, a late 
Talmudic treatise, Kabbah [the 
great], Zuta [the small]). 

Deut.=Deuteronomy, Book of. 

Deut. B.=Deuteronomy Eabbah (Mi- 
drash Rabbah to Deut.). 

diff. Indifferent interpretation or 

differ.) differently interpreted. 



ed.=edition or editions (current edi- 
tions, opposed to manuscripts or 
especially quoted editions). 

Ed—Eduyoth (Mishnah and Tosefta). 


Erub.=Erubin (Talmud). 


Esth.=Esther, Book of. 

Esth. E.= Esther Eabbah (Midrash 
Eabbah to Esther). 

Ex.=Exodus, Book of. 

Ex. R.=Exodus Eabbah (Midrash 
Eabbah to Sh'moth). 



Ez.=Ezekiel, Book of. 

Fl.=Fleisher, appendix to Levy's Tar- 
gumic or Talmudic Lexicon. 




Fr.=Eriedman (edition). 

Prank.=Erankel, v. Darkhe, and M'bo. 


Gen.=Genesis, Book of. 

gen. of=genitive of. 

Gen. E.c=Genesis Eabbah (Midrash 

Eabbah to B'reshith). 
Ges. H. Dict.=Gesenius Hebrew Dic- 
tionary, 8 th German edition. 
Hab.=Habakkuk, Book of. 
Hag.=Haggai, Book of. 
Hag.=Hagigah (Talmud). 
Hall.=Hallah (Mishnah, Tosefta and 

Hildesh. Beitr.=Hildesheimer Beitrage 

zur Geographie Palestinas, Berlin 

Hor.=Horayoth (Talmud). 
Hos.=Hosea, Book of. 
Huck.=Hukkath (a pericope). 
Hul].=Hullin (Talmud). 
introd.=introduction (Xhrpre). 
Is.=Isaiah, Book of. 
Jer.=Jeremiah, Book of. 
Josh.=Joshua, Book of. 
Jud.=Judices, Book of Judges. 
K.A.T. l=Keilinschriften und das Alte 
KAT ( Testament by Schrader 

(second edition), Giessen 1883. 
Kel.=Kelim (Mishnah and Tosefta, the 

latter divided into Baba Kamma, 

M'tsi a, and Bathra). 
Ker.=K'rithoth (Talmud). 
Keth.=K'thuboth (Talmud). 
Kidd.=Kiddushin (Talmud). 
Kil.=Kilayim (Mishnah, Tosefta and 

Talmud Y'rushalmi). 
Kin.=Kinnim (Mishnah). 
Koh.=Koheleth, Book of Ecclesiastes. 
Koh. Ar. Compl. = Kohut in Aruch 

Koh. B.=Koheleth Eabbah (Midrash 

Eabbah to Ecclesiastes). 
1. c.=loco citato or locum citatum. 
Lam.=Lamentations, Book of. 

Lam. R. = Lamentations Eabbah 

(Midrash Eabbah to Lam.; Ekhah 

Lev.=Leviticus, Book of. 
Lev. E.=Leviticus Eabbah (Midrash 

Eabbah to Leviticus, Vayyikra 

M.Kat.=Mo e edKaton (Talmud). 
Maas. Sh.=Ma'&ser Sheni (Mishnah, 

Tosefta, and Talmud Y'rushalmi). 
Maasr.=Ma'asroth (Mishnah, Tosefta, 

and Talmud Y'rushalmi). 
Macc.=Maccoth, Makkoth (Talmud). 
Makhsh.=Makhshirin (Mishnah and 

Mal.=Malachi, Book of. 
marg. vers.=marginal version. 
Mass.=Massekheth (Treatise). 
Mat. K.=Matt'noth K'hunnah (com- 
mentary to Midrash Eabbah). 
M'bo=Frankel, Introductio in Talmud 

Hierosolymitanuin. Breslau 1870 

Meg.=M'gillah (Talmud). 
Meil.=M''ilah (Talmud). 
Mekh.=M'khilta(a Midrash to portions 

of Exodus). 
Men.=M'nahoth (Talmud). 
Mic.=Micah, Book of. 
Midd.=Middoth (Mishnah). 

„ Sam.=Midrash Samuel. 

„ Till.=Midrash Tillim (Midrash 

to Psalms, Shoher Tob). 
Mikv.=Mikvaoth (Mishnah and To- 


„ N. or Nap.=Mishnah , editio Napolis. 

„ Pes.=Mishnah, editio Pesaro. 
Mishp.=Mishpatim (name of a peri- 
Ms.=Manuscript. [cope). 

„ P.=Manuscript Florence. 

„ H.= „ Hamburg. 

„ K.= ;i Karlsruhe. 

„ M.= „ Munich. 

„ 0.= „ Oxford. 

„ E.= „ Borne. 

Mus.=Musafia (additamenta to Arukh). 
Nah.=Nahum, Book of. 
Naz.=Nazir (Talmud). 
Neg.=N'ga'im (Mishnah and Tosefta, 

also a subdivision in Sifra). 
Neh.=Nehemiah, Book of. 
Neub. Geogr.=Neubauer Geographic 

du Talmud, Paris 1868. 
Ned.=N'darim (Talmud). 
Nidd.=Niddah (Talmud). 




Num.=Numeri, Book of (Numbers). 

Num. B.=Numeri Babbah (Midrash 

Babbah to Numbers, B'midbar Bab- 

0b.=0badiah, Book of. 
0hol.=0h61oth (Ahiloth, Mishnah and 

OrWOrlah (Mishnah, Tosefta 

oth.=other, another, others. 
P. Sm. = Payne Smith, Thesaurus 

Par.=Parah (Mishnah and Tosefta). 
Par.=Parashah, referring to Sifra. 
Perl. Et. St.=Perles Etymologische 

Studien, Breslau 1871. 
pers. pron.=personal pronoun. 
Pes.=P'sahim (Talmud). 
Pesik.=P'sikta d'E, Kahana, ed. Buber. 
„ B.=P'sikta Eabbathi (ed.Friedman). 
„ Zutr.=P'sikta Zutrathi, ed. Buber. 
Pfl.=L6 w, Aramaische Pflanzennanien, 

Leipzig 1881. 

r.=root or radi 

B.=Bab, Babbi 

B. Hash.=Bosh hash-Shanah (Talmud). 

B.S.=BabbenuShimshon (commentary 

to Mishnah). 
Babb. D. S.=Babbinowicz Dikduke 

Sof 'rim (Varise Leotiones &c, Munich 

Bap.=Bapaport, c Erekh Millin (Tal- 

mudic Cyclopedia, first and only 

ref.=referring, reference. 
Buth B.=Buth Babbah (Midrash 

bab to Buth). 
S.=Sophocles, Greek Lexicon of the 

Boman and Byzantine Periods, 

Boston 18.70. 
s.=section (Parashah). 

Sabb.=Sabbath (Talmud). 

Sam.=Samuel, Book of. 

Schr.=Schrader, v. KAT. 

Sef. Yets=Sefer Y'tsirah (Book of 
Creation, a Cabalistic work). 

Shebi.=Sh'biith (Mishnah, Tosefta, and 

Shebu.=Sh'buoth (Talmud). 

Shek.=Sh'kalim (Mishnah, Tosefta and 
Y'rushalmi,also a pericope inP'sikta). 

Sm. Ant.=Smith, Dictionary of Greek 
and BomanAntiquities,Thif d Ameri- 
can Edition, New- York 1858. 
i'mah.=S'mahoth, Treatise (Abel Bab- 

Snh.=Sanhedrin (Talmud). [bathi). 


.=Sotah (Talmud). 


Succ.=Succah (Talmud). 


Taan.=Taanith (Talmud). 


Tam.=Tamid (Talmud). 

Tanh.=Midrash Tanhuma. 

„ ed. Bub. = Midrash Tanhuma 
(enlarged), edited, from manuscripts, 
by Buber, Wilna 1885. 

pr. n.=proper noun. 
pr.n.f.=proper noun of a female person, 
pr. n. m.=proper noun of a male person, 
pr. n. pl.=proper noun of a place. 

„ art.=preceding article. 

„ w.= „ word. 

prov.=a proverb. 
Prov.=Proverbs, Book of. 
Ps.=Psalms, Book of. 
q. v.=quod vide. 

By the designation (Talmud) are meant Mishnah, Tosefta and G'mara of Talmud Babli and, eventually, 
Talmud Y'rushalmi. By (Mishnah and Tosefta) or (Mishnah, Tosefta,. and Y'rushalmi) is meant a Talmudic treatise in 
the collection of Mishnah &c, to which no discussions in either G'mara or respectively in the Babylonian are extant. 


„ 0.=Targum Onkelos. 
„ Y.= „ Y'rushalmi (or Jo- 

Targ. II=Targum Sheni (to Esther). 

Tem.=T'murah (Talmud). 

Ter.=T'rumoth (Mishnah, Tosefta and 

Toh.=Toharoth (Mishnah and. Tosefta). 

Tosaf.=Tosafoth (Additamenta to Tal- 
mud Babli). 


„ ed.Zuck.=Tosefta editio Zucker- 
mandel, Pasewalk 1881. 

one of the appendices to Talmud 


trnsp.=transposed or transposition. 

Ukts.^Uktsin (Mishnah and Tosefta). 



var. lect.=variatio lectionis. 




Y.=Y'rushalmi (Palestinean Talmud). 

Yad.=Yadayim (Mishnah and Tosefta). 

Yalk.=Yalkut (Collectanea from Tal- 
mudim, Midrashim &c). 

Yeb.=Y'bamoth (Talmud). 

Y'iamd.=Y'lamdenu (a lost book, cor- 
responding to Tanhuma, quoted in 

Zab.=Zabim (Mishnah and Tosefta). 

Zakh.=Zakhor (a pericope in P'sikta). 

Zeb.=Z'bahim (Talmud). 

Zech.=Zeehariah, Book of. 
Zephaniah, Book of. 

Zuck.=Zuckermandel, v. Tosef. 

Zuckerm.=Zuckermann Talmudische 
Miinzen und Gewichte, Breslau 1862. 


sS Aleph, the first letter of the alphabet, interchanging 
with other gutturals, e. g. aax, aan, aan, ais-; ttt-rtx, 
xrrt>5! &c, 

IS often used to form second roots of verbs $"$, e. g. 
Btss, baa. ..-.„.. 

X' frequ. prosthetic, e. g. .VrttS, Vim, v. "X. 

sS sometimes inserted to replace a radical, as X5xa=: 
sua, esp. in verbs 1"S, as Tpxn fr. Tp, t^p fr. tap &o. 

IS frequ. (in Talm. Y.) dropped in the beginning of 
words, e. g. X3=xax ; "ia=*iaX. 

IS affixed to the end of Chald. nouns, corresponding 
to prefixed t\ in Hebrew (status emphaticus), e. g. X3X= 


IS as numeral letter, one, as 'X ni!*='Wi&t WW one 
letter: Sabb. 104 a ; [Editions and Mss. vary, accord- 
ing to space, between the full numeral and the numeral 
letter, 'x for inx, nn»; 'a for tnv, tmto, ^nuj &c] 

"IS, ""^SS,""^;' "IS &c. a prefix, 1) for the forma- 
tion 'of nouns in Kal, Peel, Afel (Hifil) &c, e. g. 
XpBOX, 'tCX, iTjaSS, XW1B?X &c; 2) demonstrative, e. g. 
tfi"W=h. Wflrt; XSX, Xi'ix &c— 3) euphonic (prosthetic) 
Xa'W^Xa*; S-|iX=h. ttj; &c, esp. before foreign words 
beginning with two consonants, e. g. SiJiE'lDOX, 'DiX= 
BijiBIBb &c , . • r " • . ' 

"&t a prefix (followed by Dagesh Forte)=!=S upon, 
over, e. g. X^HX = Jtfna'to; even before gutturals, e. g. 

^SS^plur. of &/'^X q. y. ; 

j ""DS^IS, a fictitious word made up of each third 
letter in. ^OnSV Vpl-i X3a itaa (Dan. V, 25). Snh. 22 a ; 
Cant. K. to. Ill, 4 '31 &".li"iaa the inscription on the wall 
was, so arranged as to form words composed of its every 
first, every second and every third letter respectively. 

arm y.sw. 

™ JSS> ™2N a prefix of words of Greek origin answer- 
ing to a,u-, aii-j e. g. blBalBa!>S=aoT6|j.aT05; or to eu, e. g. 
D15' 1 Jax=s»Yevrjs. 

• 3SSI (Assyr. A-bu, Schr. K. A. T., p. 247) Ab, the 
fifth month of the Jewish calendar (of thirty days) be- 
ginning between the eighth of July and the seventh of 
August, and ending between the sixth of August and the 
fifth of September. E. Hash. I, 3, '=1 OX bs for an- 
nouncing the beginning of Ab messengers are sent out, 
for the sake of the fast. lb. 18 b axa 'a the ninth of Ab, 
anniversary of Temple destruction. Taan.IV, 6 ax WMUJa 
with the beginning of Ah. lb. 29 b axa mna Bianffihb let 
him try to berelievedof(thelaw-suit)inAb. Meg.5 b ; a.e. 

3SSII m. (b. h.; fiax, cmp. dX), const. Tax, as* [em- 
bracer], father, ancestor, progenitor; teacher; chief, 
leader; author, originator. Ex. E. s, 46 end ax Vi5an 
the educator is the real father. Lev. E. s. 1 '31 ttaafin "OX, 
the father of all wisdom, . . the father of prophets. T. 
Ned. V, 39*>; a. fr.—)"**! rYO ax (abbr. i"ax) president 
of the Court (Great Sanhedrin), next in dignity to the 
Nassi. Taan. II, 1; a. fr.— Metaph. origin, cause. Num. 
E. s. 10 (play on ^iax, Prov. XXIII, 29) "nx 'X the 
cause of woe (sin).— IrOXba ax (for which also npiS) 
one of the chief labors forbidden on the Sabbath, opp. 
1fbV\ a labor the prohibition of which is based on the 
ground of its being a species of the former, or derived 
from the former. Sabb. VII, 1 sq.; a. fr. — [T. Sabb. 
II, 5 a , rib® ax, sub. naxba.]— nxaian ax one of the 
original or direct causes of levitical uncleanness, opp. 
iVi (child) secondary cause. Toh. I, 5 ; a. fr.— ptift 'X 
v. PL — 'X /pa creation of a class, i. e. a conclusion, by 
analogy, from a case explicitly stated in the bibl. law on 
all similar cases not specified in detail. Sifra introd.— 
lb. K'doshim, end, ch. 11 (ref. to Lev. -XX,' 27) 'X 'a ill 
da dSTTQl hdb this forms the rule for all cases in 
Which the Bible uses the word d'mehem bam (that the 
penalty is stoning to death) ; a. fr. ; v. also ax rf^a. — 
P£.-niax, const, fiiax, 1) fathers, ancestors, patriarchs &c. 
Ber. 26 b prayers MSpfi 'X have been instituted by the 
Patriarchs; a. fr.— p">1 TO max, v. supra. Hag. II, 2. 
— 'X tQ a woman of noble descent. Num. E. s. 1 ; a. e. 
—Metaph. principal, chief rvoxba 'jrt, v. supra. WiBfi 'X 
Kel. I, 1 ; v. supra.— "pp^S 'X (sing. pMtt ax) the chief 
actionable injuries or damages, from which the subord- 
inate , are deduced (nttem). B. Kam. I, 1; a. e.— 
2) Aboth, the first section of the Prater of Benedictions 
(v. tfsSP), so called because it alludes to the Patriarchs. 



B. Hash. IV, 5 ; a. fi\— 3) Aboth, name of a treatise of 
the Mishnah, containing sayings of Talmudic authorities 
and belonging to the fourth section, pP h T5, of the Mish- 
nah collection (WMDa); also styled 'X 1)3*16 a. 'X fOOa.' 
A similar collection of a later date is contained in Talmud 
Babli editions, named )TQ tiTt 'X Aboth d'Rabbi Nathan. 
[Y. Yoma VIII, 44 d top BS3 WQ 3X v. nT>3X.] 

axn«h.,T. xax.. 

DSSt, IPit falM) m. (b. h.; 33X) swe«%, spread 
iVi#, whence 1) the young shoots of a tree, opp. to the 
branches growing directly from the trunk. B. Kam. 81 a 
I^X b-ii ia^X ed. (Ar. a. Ms. ISin, v. am II, cmp. Eashi 
a. 1.). [Y. Erub. Ill, 21 a top la^X; Y. Succ. II, 53" ITS.] 
—2) pi. /pax, pa 11 !!*; sfafe of growth, development. Hull. 
58 a eascuta which became- wormy rpaxa during its 
growth. lb. 127 b figs which shrunk irpaxa during devel- 
opment. Y. Sabb.- VII, 10° bot. he who presses olives 
irpsxa from where they grow (before they are ripe to 
be taken off). [Tosef. Maasr. I, 4 diatlX pa^X, Var. 
p31X, read p51X, v. Six.] lb. 5 they differ p3^xn 1=5> 
concerning the plants in their growing state (between 
ripening [laJ] and. blossoming [yan]; Var. pilx incorr.) ; 
cmp. p\ Ch.. v. xa^X I. 

fcOsttl, n&J ch.=h. ax II. Targ. Gen. XVII, 4. Targ. 
0. ib. XLI, 43; T a. fr.— Freq. X3X (also in.Hebr. phraseol.) 
my father. Snh. Ill, 2. B. Bath IX, 3 ; a. fr. Meg. 12b 
.'XI i-wninx my father's steward. 'X iax my grand- 
father. Ber. 10 3 bot.— Snh. 113 a bot. Trbxt 'X father 
Elijah (sarcastically).—-'! niax, "1 iPx N.'s father. Ber. 
1 81 ; Y. B. Mets. IV, 9 C top ; a. fr.— 36 'X, rial 'X grandfather. 
Targ. II, Esth. VII, 10. Yeb. 2l\— Trnsf. origin, source. 
Sabb. 22 a D1 'pr&'DI pniax the source of all analogous 
cases is the law about -blood (that you must cover it 
from a sense of propriety).— PI. }ra&, Xprox Targ. Y. 
Deut; XXIV, 16. Targ. IChr. I, 2; T a T .fr. Men! 53 a 'X 13 
of distinguished birth.— Kid. 83 a ; a. fr.— [max Targ. 
Prov. XIX, 14. Ms.; read with ed. Wil. mast; oth. ed. 
inax corr. ace] 

; fr&NlI, ffrSS! (xa, XII, mi in Y.) pr. n. m. Abba, 
(Ba, Va), a frequent name. [Sometimes distinguished 
persons go by that name, being orig. a title (v. next w.) while 
their real names are dropped; v. esp. Ber. 18 b 'x XW3 
I want A.bba &c] The most distinguished are 1) XSi*iX 'X, 
v. ai.— 2) 'x ai' v. xa 1 !.— 3) max ia 'x (xa ia) Abba 

bar Abbahu (Ba), father of Samuel, an Amora.— 4) 13 y X 

xsirt ai, in Bab. nai q. v.— 5) -na 'x, contr. i-iaax Abba 
Mari, an Amora.— pax, XitlX, contr. with "1 into pal, 
xjpai Rabbin, Bdbbina. 

&GN III, Abba (father), a title of Scholars (less than 
Eabbi), as Abba Saul, A. Yudan, etc.; cmp. foreg. 

ItfSN! m. (33X) 1) thicket, woods, grove. M. Kat. 12 b 
JfisblBa 'X a forest in Sh'lanya. Keth. 79 a , v. Xpttlt. Snh. 

39 b (prov.) son nia (Vt^) Vm 'x n^ai nwo (Ag. Hatt. 

XS133, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) from the very woods 
shall it go into the hatchet (as a handle to strike tbe 
woods).— 2) fruit, v. X3\X. 

rrvtia& rrnsN, rn:?S2, n^nns>, rrnsn? 

(reduplic. of 3X, as, IS ; ' v. TPys) prop, swelling, heaviness 
(cmp. 3X3), hence disorder of the stomach, vomiting 
(spasms); usu. in connection with nan, fever with vom- 
iting. Gen. B. s. 19 did you ever hear, this ass here 
that is driven out rri>S ni33X il^H nan Ar. (ed. corrup. 
"rts d^san naa rVs 'fi3iS) has fever, has vomiting 

(spasms)? ib. s. 53 n^sxsxi nan. v. npxsx. 

D^frOStf, read &iaX3X, 

ND^XDX f. (fflX3) o fence, displeasure. Targ. 
Koh. VII, 3 T . ' " 

^DStf (b. h.; ]AaX, cmp. 3S, an, 35, 3S, 3p &c, v. 
33ni a. II; to be thick, to be heavy, to press; to sur- 
round; to twist; to be warm, glow etc. V. 13X, !sax, 
pax, lax, &ax, nax&c.) to be thick, to swell, break forth; 
v. aan a. 3an. 

ZIDIS ch. same, to grow, ripen. Targ. Hos. IX, 10 

xaaxa q. v. - ■ • 

JOSa, v.'a^x. 

bij^ns, oTOix, o^fiN «. ( CO rr.^- 

Euysv^?) of'notye descent Koh. B.'b'eg.; a. fr. (Midr. 
Till, to Ps. I twax; Caut. B. beg. SlB-WlSt, corr. ace). 
— PI. Yalk. Ps. 863 P&5S.1X Xina (read 'X p) he is the 
son of nobles; Midr. Till.' to Ps. CV p&ILp (corr. ace.) 

*'E3p" l D53H (read ''Bap— ), 'iBXab^JllX m. pi. (euys- 
yeaTocTOi) most noble. Buth B. to I, 2. Midr. Sam. ch. I. 

n^D^w^, v. 'MX. 

"Q!tf (b. h. ; jAax, v. 33X) to be pressed, go around in 
despair ' (v. Prov. XXXI, 6; Deut. XXVI, 6). to be given 
up, whence 1) to be lost, perish; to be beyond recognition. 
Sifre Deut. 301 (ref. to Deut. XXVI, 5) X^X . . . W xb 
laix'b (read laft or liaxb; Yalk. Deut. a. 1. d13X^> prob. 
•^3X5); Ms. Zer. Abr. 3 13X1^) Jacob went to Aram with 
no hope but to perish (be a slave &c). Ohol. XVII, 3 
a field lap la 'xU5 in which there is a grave that can- 
not be located. Keth. XIII, 7 'si "11 n'jax the path 
to his field. cannot be traced. Gen. B. s. 91 lib 'x IWQ8 
we have lost something; a. fr.— 2) to lose. Ib. 15X1 
"o "i iiS^SXC and we who have lost (mourn for) B. S. ; 
a. fr.— Part. pass. 113X lost, irretrievable, perishing, de- 
cayed. Keth. 108 a 'xn }$ on a contribution to the 
Temple which has been lost on the roaA. Y. Shebi. 
IX, 38 d top plOX in in^Xa they perish of themselves 
(they decay naturally); a. fr. 

Nif. laxi to be lost, perish. Keth. 104 a ; a. fr. Sifre 
Deut. 301 'rax^, v. supra. 

Pi. laix 1) to waste, lose, forfeit, destroy. Ned; 33 b 
■PtllSa nx h X he wasted his money, (cannot reclaim it). 
Keth. XIII, 6 -WO! nx 'iX he forfeited his : claim. Ab. 
Zar. 55 a 'SI 43X5 1iX shall we give up our honest deal- 
ing? Ib. IV, 7 lablS tax 1 ! shall He destroy His world? 


Hag- 3 a iJao CTiasb DhtBpai and you wanted to deprive 
me of it? lb. 4 a 'si 138«n IT! one who: destroys, -what 
is given to him.— wHb loss '8 to commit, suicide wil- 
fully. Gen. B. s. 82; a, fr. — 2) to drop from memory, 
to forget., Aboth V, 12; a. e. 

"DlS!, "D!$ ch. . to, be lost. Targ. I Sam. IX, 3; 
a. fr.— inn. .111"".; a. fr.— Y. Pes. IX, 37* 8ttr 11383 it is 
to be looked upon as lost. 
. Pa. 128 to destroy. Targ. II Kings, XIX, 18; a. fr. 

4/". 1318, 11318 l)=Pa. Targ. Deut. XXVI, 5; a. fr. 
— -Y. Kid. Ill, 64 c bot. '31 "pin XM318 thou hast ruined 
this man's (my) life. Gen. B. s. 56 -piV ni318 thou 
hast lost thy wits; -a. fr.— 2) to be lost, to go to ruin. 
Targ. Ps. XLI, 6; a. e.— Y. Hag. II, 77 b "palol ill alas 
for the lost (deceased)! Y. M.Kat. I, beg. 80 a fOlil and 

I%ff. 138M* to be lost. Lev. E. s. 34 ■plSKtia if they 
should be lost'.— 1i3Fm=1i38r\o Pes.5 b ; a.e. [Lam. B., to 
IV, 21 813^, read SiaSisV v. 13S.] 

*0&!$ m. perishable, irretrievable, ;/ 8ii 131 a business 
which cannot be postponed without irretrievable loss. 
M. Kat. ll a ; a. fr. 

J^FDN m. (138) destruction. Targ. Prov. XXVIII, 28. 

; n™,v.'% • 

iKDI^ni* pr. n. m, v. biai138. .. / 

aarraji, irwnis; v. my™*. 

: . W3N, v.bioiias. '.■■•'.■■■■• 

^"i^SS m. (b.h. ; 138) perdition, hell. Koh. E. to V, 8. 

Dip'f'pN pr. n. m. (EStaxot) Ebdocus (Eutocus). 
Y. Meg. Ill, 74 a bot. rendered in a secret political letter 
lV> 'aia Good- Child. (Ed. nip—, '*pp— corr. ace.) 

XM, v. next w. -••■ 

. (D*])Q' ! ' : T3ltf pr. n. m. (EuSttjjxoi;) Ebdimos, Eudemus. 
Y. Keth. XI, 34''; mostly abbrev. 801138, iail.38 (cor- 
rupt. iall3St, 801138, i»1138), name of several Amoraim, 
the most prominent : Eb. of Zepphoris. Y. Ber. IV, 8 a ; 
a. fr. [V. Frankel Mebo, s. v.] V. Sioilll. 

-lnV=in»..h., Wftaa ch.,'f. HtiVian; bia) 
1) the act of distinguishing; separation. Y. Ber. VIII, 
J2 e top 1811 ',8 real separation. — 2) Habdaldh, a formula 
of prayer for the exit of the Sabbath or Holy Days. 
Ibid. beg. II 4 . Pes. 113 a ; a. fr.— PL rvftl38. Y. Ber. 
• V.9 b bot. '8 hsattS seven objects of distinction (mentioned 
in the Habdalah). 

I^^tf pr. n. m. Abdcrn (contr. of 'jIli 838) , an 
Amora' of the first gener. Y. Ber. IV, 7 C bot. (cmp.Gen. 
"B, s. 10). Ber. 27 b Ms. M. (ed. " ( 1i38); a, e. . 

I^DN, l^l^.-m. (b. h. -,138, 138) ruin, destruc- 
tion. Y. Dem. VII, 26 a bot. litolRlK waste of eatables; 

smaa, «3T3i« c 

ae. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 

aiTQN, v. '138.. 

Kith**, y. 8W138. 

' T!Si< pr. n. m. Abbah; father of Samuel; v. 838 II. 

nit, v. 138. 

inS5^ pr. n. m. Abbahu, name of two Palestine 
Amoraim, one prob. of the first gener. , Y. Ber. V, 8 (i bot ; 
Y. Bice. II, 64 d top ; the second a celebrated disciple of 
B. Yohannan, residing in Csesarea. Y.Ber.II,4 b top. Succ. 
48 b ; a. fr.— Babylonian Amoraim by that name. Sabb. 
1191'; Kid. 33 b , father of Eabbah, v. HS1. B. Kam.417 b , 
contemp. of B. Ashfe, v. H2J8. 

• .o^ma, omnia y. Ki i. m, 3 i« Ar. (e d. 

bDfi38, read &i»308 q. v. or &ia2isi8 (lif Juop4TT)4) stal- 
lion ass for mares. 

. NrirQss; P i. of 838. 
NfimK, v.8isoo: 

1*8, 15PK CW$) pr. n. m. Ibbu (Aibu), all 
prob. forms of the same name, an Amora. Snh. 5 a 138Ar. 
ed: pr. (ed. '18, Ms. M. 'H8). Succ. 44 b 118. Buth E., 
Par. 2, beg. 18 131. Num. B. s. 12. Y. Succ. II, 53* bot.; 
Pes. 4 a , a. fr. 118. [138 name of a bird, v. 1318]. 

. SlilN ^^JS m. (='358, 33S to be hollow; cmp. 
3131) reed, flute; pipe, tube. Arakh. II, 3 rap is '8 a 
reed flute, msifiikj '8 brass flute. KeK II, 3; Men.'X, 4 
di8bp S>1» '8 Ar. (ed. W^p) an iron tube for roasting 
grain.— fisil '8 (Var. H813138, n811313X) shepherd's flute, 
name of a plant (Eupatorium) used for medicinal pur- 
poses ; v. 8iia»in. Sabb.XIV,3 ; ib. 109 b ; Y. ib. XIV, 14 c . 

y&lt, #y{2£i ch. same. Yoma 20 b (prov.) 
'21 iltib '8 a flute is musical to nobles — give it to wea- 
vers, they will not accept it (fools criticise where sages 
admire). Succ. 50 b — PI. 113138. Targ. Jerem. XLVIII, 
36; a. fr. - 

• njnsiaN, n^'haiax-nyi-) yis&- v . 

foreg. h. ' ■ ' • 

DHD^S^ pr. n. m. (=3138 138); '8 13 Bar Ab- 
bub'ranl Hull. 38 a . 

■ TGN, v. 11318. 


mm .W^SlKpr. n. m. Abbud'yana, a 
gentile name (referring to idolatry). Git. 11*. 

jtfaTQSj, •vrrai*, v^m ' ■ 
«ji'in3», "'pjTnax, v . ^m. 

•.*;J ! t?5< m. (emp. 0138; ?38, ]/"38) Euphem. for but- 
tocks, extremity. Erub. 53 b ; v. 1138. 


"'"QSSj m. (b. h.; intei-j^is) woe! .ah! Num. R. s. 10 
(ref. to Prov. XXIII, 29) 'sni iisn the woe and the ah. 

n^QsSi pr. n. m. Abuyah, known as the father of 
Elisha, v. SttPto Y. Hag. II, 77 b ; a. fr. 

"pi!^ Y. Sabb. V, 8 b bat. Ar., read fas or -p^BS. 

^litiSl I mourning, v. to^S. 

blSJSi II b'liPN m. 0>^, cmp. to";) </*e gate for 
carrying grain into the house, wagon-gate, gate-way. 
PI. Sitosj, '3">S. Tosef. B. Mets. XI, 10 ns fpto "pS 
'31 'is ed. Zuck. (ed. fasn) you dare not' divide gate- 
ways between heirs unless there is the required space 
for each. 

Stfb'filtf, tfblZPNl oh. same, esp. (corresp. to h. 
"VSM S13a) city gate-way which is opened for wagons &c. ; 
fortified place where judges sit &c; cmp. "©aj. — M. Kat. 
22 a begin to count the days of mourning 'SI S33a from 
the time ye turn your faces from the city gate-way (to 
go home while the corpse is carried to the grave-yard). 
Keth. 17 a ; Meg. 29 a when people form a lane 'iSl 'Sa 
S"i3ib from the city gate-way to the burial place. [Ar. 
house of mourning, v. tosl.] B. Batli. 58 a bot. there' 
was written '!&1 S33S Ms. M. (ed. incorr. 'S3) over the 
gate of the town entrance (where court- was held). — 
PL -to!*. Erub. 6 b .' loma ll'». Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 
52 ^tos (ed.' Tien. 'tos). Targ. Jer. L, 26 sntos 
(h. text nt>3Sa; y.Pesh. a. 1.). 

"'(Sl^lnSSl m. pi. (v. foreg.) city-gate-guards, police. 
Nid. 67 b 'S dlttia on account of the rude conduct of &c. 
[Rashi="tos dangerous, cavern-like entrances to the 

"■TOit, B. Bath 143 a , ->toSS read with Ms. M. 
^BiabSl ito», v. "ton. ■ 

fblM*, v. rtox. ■ • 

"jlSlX C]" 1 ^) pr. n. m. 4JJw», an Amora. Y. Pes. 
.V, beg. 30 cd 0138 '1 d!»3 ' v " "- - 1 -" "" ^'"- "' "" """ 
Taan. I, 64 c . Y. Shebu. "VI 

M^OSt, rtJttN, pr. , 

■nMina, v. iM 5 a«. 

DW, O-Q^ (&^?) m.-(b. h. '3S; b3s) 
1) feeding receptacle, bowl for working men; manger. 
Ned. IT, 4.— Sabb. 140 b ^3 S><» "<S (Rashi '38) a real 
manger, opp. Splp hti 'is a piece of ground fenced in 
and used as manger^ — 2) stall, stable. Y. Shebu. VII, 
37 d top; VIII, beg. 38\' [Y. Ter. I, 40 b &13S read M3X 
or dps.]— PI. bpOX. Y. Snh. 63 b inpiQS their stables, 
V. &««*. 

S^p^DiS! yr, n. m. Abuka. Yalk. Lam. 100.1, v. npps. 

S"T(5 ! QN: f. (pax, cmp. -j3S, pari; v. Sachs Beitr. I, 
p. 62 ; T Nahm. to Gen. XXXII, 25) [bundle of twigs], 

torch (with, or without IIS bffl). Sot. 21 s 'S lis .TJaTW 
IIS ^ttS a burning torch happened to come in his pos- 
session. Ber. 43 b dW3 'S walking by torchlight is equal 
to two walking together (as regards protection from 
night-spirits).— PL rTipO«. Tosef. Succ. IV, 2 were 
dancing before them 'S3 with torches. lb. 4 'S rtilalBa 
TS ili!; Succ. 53 a "lis iffi 'X Tl; Y. ib. V, 55? top Vll> 'S 
ant (corr. ace. or read riSt?); Mish. ib. V, 4. 

, **0;nm «MTttN (Ar.) m. Hftp W q. 
v.; a Babyl. corrupt, 'of an imported Palestinean phrase) 
bed-cover, ticking (involucrum). PI. ^^^X, /! nas. Erub. 
62 a 'SI ipimaa rmi-Q a lease of a court yard' is called 
sound (legal and not merely a legal fiction), if connected 
with the privilege of placing in the yard chairs and seats, 
[Rashi, cmp. Mishnah ; — "pirWQ, obviously a corruption for 
Vims or "npfffts, cmp. -pp-ilaS.— Other explanations of 
our w., suggested by ip'fn'ra, y. s. v. Tlla.] 

npn^ (^D^ HRD^) f. (po) 6™K^, 
crumbling, corrosion, whence 1) a foot-disease in an- 
imals believed to arise from vermin in consequence of 
a stroke of lightning; 2) moth-eaten condition, of gar- 
ments. B. Mets. 78 b (expl. np^nan Mish.) nptas (Rashi 
SpT3S, Ms. M. pias, corr. t for 1; cmp. Y. ib. VI, ll a 
top. s. v. PJ3) atrophy or paralysis of the feet. Ib. 
'31 'ntoa 'S the moths are in the royal wardrobe. 

fcHOfct, fcnrSN m. (Arab.bazr, abzar, v. 113, ITS) 
anything used for seasoning, spices &c— Kg. pi. "^ps, 
pips requisites, appurtenances. Snh. 74 b ^31 WS 
inwita.!* they (the commands) and all appertaining 
thereto. Men. 73 b Krnrax ^31 nto Ar. a. Rashi to Snh. 
1. c. (ed. fcttwan corr. ace.) the burnt-offering and &c. 

DDTON, v. tjiaaax a. bunas. 
at23N, v. ^m. T ' 

!tf IQIUtf m. (B3 ; cmp. B13, ^p, Baa a. deriv.) belly, 
whence leather wine-bag. Ab. Zar. 34 b is^ui 'S (Ar. 
.K-l>3X) the travellers' wine -bag. [Y. Yeb. IV, 5 d , v. 

saas.] [nisass, v. "tai*.] 

bibiDn^, '&te<, v. next w. '■■ ' 

DlabilD^^ P^ n. m. (prob. IlxoXs^atos, or Euitxo- 
Xsf».oc=Euit6XE|i.04) Abtolmos. Erub. Ill, 4 (35 a ) ed. (Ms. 
M. bto3X). Ib. 36 a ; Y. ib. 21 a bot. b^aas (v. Rabb. 
I>. S. Erub. 1. c, notes). Ex. R. s. 21 bitoax (b*a3!*). 
— M. Kat. 18 a tops (prob. abbrev. of our w.), surnamed 
nsiSb (v. Rabb. D.S. a. 1.), an Amora. 

&1l2^ip^ m. (aJ>T<VaT0 4 ) 'self-moving, self- 
growing,' spontaneous. Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 5 '» b^laisn 
bhtsn Sin Mus. (ed. waala, corr. ace.) who say the 
universe is a self-moving power (has no creator). [Better : 
■pasriaax (a&TO|A ai;ov . s.) chance.] 



m^TiOIl^ f. pi. (=r*ai3iaax; auxovojua; v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Aiitonomi) cities enjoying their own laws, 
jurisdictions. Y. Meg. I, 70 a bot. 'X "TO (read Tm). Y. 
B. Bath. Ill, 14 a top 'aa3X; Bekh. 55* SllX^aax TO 
(corr. ace, Ar. niX^B3X, rvnboSK). [Omp. corruptions 
of DiaiiTOX.] 

nuai«, v.nasii. 

nntan&=hrmsn. - 

" l l3S!S Tosef. Ohol. XIII, 3 (ed. Zuck. "IBS!*) v. ITJ3II. 

"•0^, v. «. 

^JHSHN, Var. fiin Sifre Deut. 80 (v. ed. Friedm. 
a. 1. note 3), read XJla (toga) or XS'Qia (T7](3evva) 
Roman toga. 

*N3i" 1 t05N rn- (oirxftov, optio; Perl. Et. St. p. 103; 
D. C.Lat. s.' v.) commissary, quartermaster in the Roman 
army. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C bot. '31 'X JOTS a Boman quarterm. 
came and made him stand behind him (in the public 

iTtSQX m. (b. h."; n»3, j/aa to swell; cmp. xaax) 
melon. Maasr. I, 5.— P£ WB5S. Ib. 4 ; a. fr. 

MtTTSDN ch. same.— PI. X*rr>a3X, THitfiX. Targ. 0. 
Num/xi, 5.~Y. Snh. VII, end.W. 

■ rnabiEM*, v. ™^*. 

&i5' r EQNj abbr. of biaMasx. 

D3" I 'P!3N pr. n. m. Abtinas. 'X rt>a Beth. AM., name 
of a priestly family who had the secret for preparing 
the frank-incense for the Temple. Yoma III, 11; 
I, 5 ; a. e. 

!"l3t2iitf. (=s-fcaasi; Vaa) idleness, waste. Y. Bets. 
V, 63 bT 'X 5i» 13 a light burning to no purpose. Y. Shebi. 
VII, 37 c top 'Xil by for the loss of time. • 

IYvHSX pr. n. m. Abtalion (Greco-Romanized by 
Josephus 'IIoXXhov, Pollio), name of a Chief Justice of 
the Sanhedrial court in the days of Hyrcan II and of 
Herod. Aboth I, 10; 11. Eduyoth I, 3. Yoma 71 b ; a. e. 

DTDm&Vv. Wiiaax. 

"jcs, fOcs (h. !i3X, KSS to press, surround, em- 
brace, v. 33X; cmp. !i1X, ffirt) to be willing. Targ. O. 
Deut. XXV, T 7; a. fr.— [Targ. T Prov. XXIX, 11, ed. Vfil. 

naxa, read ssxa, v. -jxa.] 

aW v. rrax. 

j"jsS m. (b. h.; 33X) early stage of ripening, esp. 
of grains; season of beginning barley-crop; also the 
offering of the first fruits (on Passover). . E. Hash. 2l a 
(ref. to Deut. XVI, 1) '31 'X. Iiatt} observe the ripening 
of the equinoctial season that it be in the month of 
Nissan (r\ile for intercalation). Men. 84 a ; a. fr. . 

yq$, uqi^j (3*sa, an^aa) h. same. 

Targ. 'oT-Lev. II, 'l4; Ex. XIII, 4; a. e'.— Snh. ll b ; Y. 
ib. I, 18 d top '31 'XI HivPt the season of ripening has 
not yet come. [Y. Maasr. V, 52 a J&i&l xai3X, read 
xsisix.] — PI. (adj.) -pa/a*, '">3X. Targ. 0. Ex. IX, 31 
(ed. Berl. sing.). 

HTDSS), /"P3N f.(b.h. max; isx) i)totf ormissea! 
oftjerf. 'X lalffl the keeper of a lost object waiting for its' 
owner to claim it B. Mets. 29 a ; a. fr.— 'X bS3 the owner 
of the lost thing.Kid.2 b '31 Ttfia 'X bsa the owner hunts 
for what he has lost, i. e. man woos woman (allud. to 
Gen. II, 21); a. fr.— M. Kat. 25 b 'nb xVl-d^aixb 13a 
Ms. M. (ed. D^ax^ 13a) weep for the. losers, but not for 
the lost (deceased). — 2) loss, decrease. tUSi Oliax de- 
crease of physical strength. Yoma 74 b .— (Y. ib. VIII, 
44 d top rva ax read m-ox). 

^TIX m. (13X; cacophemism for X15S11 q.v.), 'X ^3 
=11S11 ia) prop, their place of ruin, cacophemism for 
meeting-place, gathering for idolatrous purposes and per- 
formances connected with idolatrous feasts (games , &c.) 
which the Jews, under Hadrian, were forced to attend. 
Sabb. 152a. Ab. Zar. 17 b . — Transf. meeting place of 
early Christians where religious controversies used to 
be held. Sabb, 116 a 'X "31 "'ISb Christian writings. 
Ib. '31 iilit xb 31 Eab would not attend a Be-Abedan, 
Samuel would. 

&0")TD1S! pr. n. m. Abidarna, gentile friend of E. 
YudaT Ab. Zar. 65 a top. [Ms. M. XllSiaX, Var. xail i3X; 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.] 

S?)T!l!S! f. ch.=h. rtTOX. Targ. Ex. XXII, 8; a. e. 
B. Mets. 23 a ; 27 b ; 28 b . 

m&, K"0«, v. x^max a. x;ax. 

1"Qltf, 'X 13 pr. n. m. (Bar) Abyu, name of a 
renowned obituary poet. Yeb. 103 a ; M. Kat. 25 lj 1*>3X 13 
Ar. (ed. X31X, pax, Ms. Var. 13X, la^X, v. Eabb. D. S a. 1. 

VTDN rri."(b. h., "3X) poor, distressed. Lev. E. s. 34 
(etymoi.) he is called ebyon, bJ? axria X11HS5 (Yalk. a. 1. 
mxha) because he longs for everything. Gen. E. s. 71. 
B. Mets. lll b . 

nDTQNj f. (b. h., ^ax) caper-tree, or caper-berry, so 
called from the stimulating effects of its seed.— PI. 
niiiiax. Maasr. IV, 6 ; a. e. 

rOTIlStf f. pi. nisi^ax dial, for SiiTOn. Tosef. Kel. 
B. Kam. il,' 2 (ed. Zuck.' r«n31X). 

SlIDT 1 ^ f. (denom. of ^ax) want, distress. Midr. 
Till, to Psl LXX, end. 

"Dl^Stf, 'X 13 pr. n. pi. Be-Ebyone (Poor-House) ; 
Eashi'. b! Kam. 11 7 a . [Ms. M. W3iX, Ms. E. ■ Wiax, 
Hal. G'dol. Ms. 15&3X; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.— Prob. a 
corrupt, of SOW ^3, v. XJ^13.] 

iOraN, t. 6nj3». 

_2S pr. n. m. Abbayi, 1) a renowned Babyl. Amora 
(original name ''Sani). Keth. 65 a ; a. fr.— 2) Oth. Amo- 
raim of that name. lb. 94 a . Erub. 62 a . 

^"QStf Y. Suoc. II, 53 a , 'X 51 read XSiax. 

rr" 1 ^ (^SS^) f. (contr. of msaX; isa) prayer. 
'XTj reader, precentor. Y.Pes.Y, 32 c bot.— Y. Taan.III, 
end, 67 a ; Y. Sheb. I, 33 b top iiax. 

CU^N, y. di«. 

*p3N Y. Yeb. Vn, 8 a bot )*bpyx 'X, read T»1X; 
comp. Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c . 

5"QNj <o mourn, v. tax. 

btlS, 8^8,. v. tax, xtax a. xtax. 

nTSNj f. l)=tax mourning. Lam. E. introd., (R. 
Abbanu"4)"; v. na^Sfiti — 2) fern, of tax II. 

ib" 1 ^, NJTlb"Q!S: ch.=next w. Targ. Lam. II, 5; 
v. sitax! — M. Kat, 20 Ij 'X 5in5 fl&xa in her (thy wife's) 
presence observe mourning (when she is in mourning). 

rn"jsS< f. (tax) mourning time, mourning ceremo- 
nies. M. Kat. 20 a sq. hS3S 'X the mourning time is 
seven days. lb. 24 a naiiJa 'X 'px no mourning ceremonies 
are to be observed on &c. Yeb. 43 b fUBIh 'X recent (i. e. 
individual) mourning, in contrad. to SlDffli 'X mourning 
over Jerusalem. [Gen. E.s. 8 beg., someed. ni^ax— taalX 
read tllV'SS*— V^IN], 

isn^ns, v. !&»«. 

P^OsS! pr. n. pi. Abelin, Abilena, a district of Persea 
(v. Graetz", Gesch. d.Jud. II, 2, p. 457). Lev. E. s. 17; 
Pesik.Yayhi, p. 66 a yitaXh (corr.acc); Pesik. R. s. XVIII 
'(p. 88l> ed. Friedm.) ditalX; Euth E. to I, 5 'pViai*. 
Tosef. Zeb. II, 3 ed. Zuck. fi^ta/T* (Var. d^talX). Cmp. 
^!QX a. tax pr. n. pi. 

."^JlIK pr. n. m. Abbimi, 1) a disciple of Eabbah. 
Shebu. 28 b ; Y. Ned. II, 37 b ; Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d top — 
2) A. bar Tobi. Y. Naz. IX, beg., 57°. 

"^Ilstf pr. n. m. Abbin. Y.Bicc. II, beg., 64=, Eabbi A. 

fcO'SN pr. n. m. Abbina, an Amora. Y. Pes. V, 32". 
— Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c (prob. Abbuna, as shortly before). 
[Y. Peah III, 17 d bot. X3"ia prob. the same.]— 'X a*i 
contr. X^Sl q. v. 

1>WD^&< Sabb. 151 b , v. "jiMX. 

P" 1 ^ m. (pia, y. 5>p3; comp. piSX) outlet, esp. a 
pot in the bath-tub to which a waste-pipe is attached. 
Mikv. VI, 10. 

llp'MSfcjj pr. n. m. Abikah, a hero at the defence of 
Jerusalem? Pesik. E. s. 29—30, WSJ )1 'X (Yalk. Lam. 

looi iiros p xpiax). ■ • 

WbjyOX, v. bMpax. 

TljlNlm'. (b. h., lax) strong, mighty, eminent (opp. 
i;p light,"of no influence); noble.— PL diTQX. R- Hash. 
25 b 'Xaffi TOX the noblest of the nobility. ' Y. ib. II, 
58 b bot. d*JlS its* (Babli ib. 1. c. iTiari; Koh. E. to I, 4 
iVm) the world's noblest sons. [Esth. E. to II, 4, 

v. STax.] 

tna"'THON, v. Dio^l. 

D"P2Nj pr. n. m. (b. E.) Abiram. Esth. E. to II, 4 
'X ia T 'Birr '1 (some ed. diTax, Midr. Sam. ch. XIII 

ilia ti srna). 

M^ON, v. x;^ax. 

rVOISt, inaiTBi 'X pr. n. pi. Abyath Y'shimon, usu. 
"i !T»a. : Targ. Y. II, Num. XXI, 20. 

irPDN (b. h.) pr. n. m. JEbyathar, an Amora. Git. 6 b . 
Y. Bex. IX, 13 a . . 

iJDK (b. h., l^ax, omp. pax; as) to entangle. Hithp. 
T|axnri T <o blend (of whirling smoke columns). Pesik. 
E. s.'29— 30. .' , .''.', 

*&C3stf m. (Syr., P. Sm. 15; v, foreg., cmp. b. h. 
pax) the fighter, whence large cock. Targ. Prov.'XXX, 31 ; 
cmp. tit (Var. xaax, Ms. X"iaX). 

•'bSSSj ■ (b. h.) 1) indeed, yes. Tosef. Erub, V (IV), 1 
'X li llaX said they to him, yes (we admit). Erub. 30 b 
top. Nid. 3 b ; a.e— Gen. E. s. 91 '=1 rWiTi ywb it 
is a South Palestine expression where abal means bram, 
v. tana.— 2) but, however. Ber. VII, 1; a. v. fr, 

bn^I (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Abel, name of several towns ; 
omp. "p^ax. . Erub. 87 a ed. (Ms. M. taa, corr. ace, Var. 
lect. v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note)'. 

b^II (b. h., ]Aax, v. aax; cmp. tax) ; [dark, cmp. 
Tip], mourner, esp. during seven days after burial. M. 
Kat. 14 b ; a. v. fr. — PI. t^tax, trt"OX Cp^SX). Keth. 8 b ; 
v. STJTa. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39° bot, b^U ^taax mourners 
among' gentiles; a. fi\— Eem./ ritalX , fitax. Y. Eer. 
IV, 8 a ; Y. Taan. II, 65° bot. 

bDStflll (foreg.) to mourn. Eithpa. taxnn, Nithpa. 
taxn? to observe mourning ceremonies, to be bound to 
mourn, be an tax. M. Kat. 20 b las 'xna fta taxnattJ ta 
over whom one is bound to mourn, with him he must 
mourn, i. e. one must share in the mourning ceremonies 
of a relation at whose death he would have to observe 
mourning;, a. fr.— Tanli. Sh'mini, 1 'Xn3. Pesik. Sos 
p. 148 b ; a. fr. 

bSJSi, b'OjSj ch. same. Targ. Lam. II, 8.. 

Ithpa. tawnx (denom. of xtax) to mourn. Targ. 



Gen. XXXVII, 34 ; a. fr.— Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top. v. X^aiK. 
Esth. B. beg. Tbaxna llri ni^' *is when the Empress 
gave birth, they (the" Jews) mourned (it being the Ninth 
of Ab). B. Kam. 59 b '=1 ">bia!*rii<b xaifflfi ns* ed. (Ms. 
E.i^13sb, v. infra) art thou distinguished enough to 
wear mourning for Jerusalem? 

*Pa. baa, V*ai*. lb. W^-axa ed. (Ms. F. sobasa, v. 
Kabb. D. S. a. 1., note 6) I wear mourning. 

"ZlfiS m. (b. h., foreg.) mourning; emp. hlbiax. Y. M. 
Kat.'lil, 82 b ; a. Jr.— PI. tn^&, M. Eat. ' 7 b To. 
l^bpX llnlBSMD he Whom his mourning days overtook, 
i. e. a second case occurring before the mourning days 
of the first expired.— V&} bax Ebel Rabbathi (Great 
Mourning), name of a Talmudic treatise, also named 
euphemistically ninaip Rejoicings.— [Ohald. Targ. Gen. 
L, n; v. abas.] 

bSN, v. taw. 

aSna, Von, a'Tna C h.=h.baa. Targ.Koh. 

VII, 2;" a', e.— Pi./sK^aSs/iVax, "pbiax/ Targ. Prov. 
XXXI, 6; a. e.— T. II. Kat. Ill, 82 d hot.; a. e. 

&&1K, nbn^, N^N ch.=h. ba*. Targ. Gen. 
L, 11 (Var, bait Xb^'i). Ibia XXVII, 41 ; a. e. Targ. Y. II 
Lev. X, 19 Nbiak-.-Gen. B. s.. 27 (prov.) comes joy, 
rejoice; '&< 'X KSlDa comes mourning, mourn. 

. TON, ^TON f.=XrYiV!a»S. Targ. Y. II Deut. XXVI, 1 4. 

DIOlbDN Ar. ed. Koh., v. Sla&lbaN. 

*D^lbnN, &^*ON(?)nameof z spring. Gen. 
B. s, 33 (Snh. ios a "rtJi hsiba). Cmp. "pbiax, 'pbaix. 

*&1;2&TON (Ar. ed. Koh. BlalbaN) m. (auXisjAO;) 
night-lodging in open air: '8 iba. camping apparels 
(leather covers etc.). Zeb. 94 a Ar. (ed. Sjsbesi* q. v.). 

' "^"DlN m. pi. (ffiba 2); cmp. fflb&, a. b. h. &b&) 
iAose who cut through (cmp. i'pa a. deriv.), whence 
ground-diggers. (Maim.). B. Mets. 77 a Xllhal '» Ar. Var. 
(ed. a. Ar. 'SH q. v.; Ms. M. i&baiX, Ms. E. iflbajt) the 
ground-diggers (working men) of M. 

titON pr. n. m. Ablet, a gentile scholar, Ab. Zar. 30 a . 
Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 a bot., Y. Bets. II, 61 c , 

^TON, ftiTON pr. n. m. Pesik. E. s. 33 [Y. 
Naz. VII, 56 a hVtiSa;. Y; Ber. Ill, 6» bot. nbias]. 

*£OTON m. (^4Xtyo«=ipevivo4 S.) ebony-wood. 
Y'lamd. B'haal. '■», blB nioa (quot. in Ar., Tanh. a. Num. 
B. s. 14 only . . . nillSa) couches of ebony wood. [Jellin, 
Beth Hammidr. VI, 88, Nr. 53 X^baK.] 

*DbDN, &511N pr.> n. pi. Avlas, in Cilicia, men-' 
tioned as' one of the northern border places of the land 
of Israel. Targ. Y. I Num. XXXIV, 8 iBpVipn "a&t; Y. II 
ibid, 'bpl '11X1 xainn (the district of) A. of the Cilicians. 
Tosef. Shebi. IT, 11 Stria"! ^S ed. Zuck. (Var. Obis); 
Sifre Deut. "51 xnan xblb; Yalk. Deut. 624 Xlnai itb^b; 
Y. Shebi. VI, 36° Khai dbl&t. [Probably identical with 

Pylae Cilicise, IloXat T7); KiXi'xta;.] [Sifre Num. 131 
dbixa ^-ja&; Y. Snh. x, 28 d dbixa nnai& S. of Ulam; 
Bab. ib. 64 a &bx p xaao(?).] 

ulDTGDN-pr. n. m. (Eu[aoucjo;) Eumusus. Y.Meg. 
Ill, 74 a bot., rendered in a secret letter nab aiB well- 
learned; v. bipiias*. 

0"DQjN pr.n. m. (Eijjxa^04) Eumaehus, anAmora. 
Y. Snh. Ill, "end, 21 d . 

"jlN f. (b. h., ]/ax, comp. "last, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) 
stone. Sabb. 10 a ; Pes. 12 b '=1 'X p*VVD like throwing a 
stone into a leather bottle (has no effect, or is indigest- 
ible). Num. B. s. 22 (prov.) into a well out of which 
you drank 'X 13 pYTtn b&t cast no stone.' — riaiB '» jewel. 
B. Bath. 16>>; a. fr. PL n>i;ax, const, i.ias. Gen.E. s. 68 

'» nines Dm lb. 's nabm-p! nin&tria t«* (read ujbiu) if 

these three stones shall grow into one; a. fr. 

Compounds and combinations : 'X tv^a Stone Chamber, ' 
name of a Temple compartment. ParahUI, 1. — 'jlibs 'X, 
v. •£!*.— D-OTlSH 'X (-pSVO 'X, 1S1B 'X, v. TOO) Sfowe o/" 
Losers (Claims) , a place in Jerusalem where lost and 
found things were deposited and claimed. Taan. Ill, 8 ; 
Y. ib. 66 d hot. ; B. Mets. 28 b — *Q»n '» or Dpan 'X auction 
place (for slaves). Sifre Deut. 26. Sifra B'har ch. VII, 
s. 6. Yalk. Lev. 667 fipbn 'it..— Saba. 'X a stone used for 
closing a pit etc. Nid. 69 b 'a '&ta the corpse was put on a 
closing (immovable) stone ; a. e.' — US'dp'Hastone rooted in 
the ground, opp. fiffllbn. Y. SotahIX,23 c top.— nrrtoh iiax 
v. ij*i». — rtasiuj 'X magnetic stone, load-stone. Snh. 1 07 b ; 
a. e.— hiSffin 'X stone-dial, Kel. XII, 4 ; a. e.— n*a 'K /oMwrf- 
ation stone, stone Sh'thiya which in the second Temple 
occupied the place of the Holy Are. Yoma V,2 (3); v. Gem. 
a.l. — niacin d^ias immigrant stones, i. e. stones brought 
over from another ground. Tosef. Shebi; III, 4; cmp. 
Shebi..III, 7 a, Y. Gem. a. 1.— rtSlbn '» v. sup. tfS*dp 'X. 
— l-ialpn '!* preserving stone, a stone believed to protect 
against abortion. Sabb. 66 a . — [For other combinations 
see respective determinants.] 

pN, N32N ch. same. Targ. Gen. XXVIII, 18; 
a. fr!— Pi: X*?aN, ^ax, -psas. Targ. Ex. XXVIII, 11; 
a. fr. Lev. B. s. 16; a. e. — KSasi 'N weight-stones, to 
prevent the sheaves being blown away. "B. Bath. 69 a . 
— Stbffial 'X black marble stone. Kid. 12 a . [Targ. Prov. 
XXIII, 28, read with Ms. Luzz. iiatt) sma »1»S1_ and 
captures foolish sons.] [Y. B. Bath. II, 13 c pS. f^h . . . 
corrupt a. defective.] 

I^Stf m., only in Du. B^asj (b. h.,. j/p, v. ^a, cmp. 
■)6S) 1) the potter's turning implement.— 2) the passage of 
the embryo, vagina. Ex B. s. 1 (etym.) fiJSl iblrtffi dlpa 
13 (some ed. H3p3 incorr.) where the child turns (to come 
to light). [Oth. etym. v. ibid. a. Sot. ll b .] 

N3na, v. m ch. 

"1J2DN Sabb. 109b, v . 1553,' 

T2DDN m. (b. h., B5a, yoa, cmp. .pa) &e#. B. Kam. 
94 b . Yoma 6 a ; 12 a ; a. fr.— Pi. d-aias. Zeb. 18\ 


SDl'a' !| D3S,-&iD' 1 3 pr. n. m. Abnimos, Nitnos, a 
gentile philosopher, friend of E. Me'ir [prob. identical 
with the cynic philosopher Oenomaus of Gadara]. Gen. 
B. s. 65; a. e. illlfi '». Hag. 15 b il.lin '3. 

^iTODN" Targ. Y. II Deut. XIV, 18, read with 
T. I snass, v. 'six. 

N7p3N|> NiTCQIftt f. fii3) understanding, specula- 
tion. T Meg! 24 b ibrT'bl 'S3 (Ms.M. '31S3) it depends on 
the speculative faculty (not on the physical sight). Ab. 
Zar. 28 b ibn 'Vl '1S3 (Ms. M. Sibn SSib3, cmp. Tosaf. 
a. 1.) an affection of the eye-sight is connected with 
(has influence on) the mental faculties; (oth. opin., cmp. 
13S, the fat surrounding the heart). 

ffilsSl (b. h.; yast, cmp. ytHf.) to stuff; to fatten, feed 
(act. a. neut.)' B. Mets 86 b (expl. abusim,"I Kings V, 3) 
3"S3 inis 1i&3isil) which people fatten with force. lb. 
'31 'jilalSI 'Sffl that stand feeding as they please. Sabb. 
XXIV, 3 (155 b ) 'Dl-lit&li* lis you must not (on the 
Sabbath) stuff the camel; expl. ib. you must not make 
'31 fins S1SS a manger of her stomach (fill up to swell- 
ing); a. fr.— Part. pass. &13S (=littj). Meg. 9 a , a. e. (one 
of the changes said to have been made by the authors 
of the Septuag.). 

I lTDj|5p5!S« (aflaaxavTa) unbewitched! may no harm 
befalfyoui T.'Ab. Zar. I, end, 40 b las sb 'S he did 
not say abascanta, but etc. Y. Ber.IV, 13 c top (corr. ace). 

?^=?sn, v. *a. 

IX, 9'(Var. 11S1S 

. pi. (5*13.) blains, pustules. Targ. 0. Ex. 
3S f. pi.). 

1V2X, v. isa. 

jT^DItf, rP3D1N f. (nsa) search, begging, the 
appearance of the poor for their share in the crop. PL 
niiS3S. Peah IV, 5 '31 '3S '1 (Y. ed. IV, 3 'SIX) three 
times a day the poor would come (cmp. etym. Y. ib. 18 b 
top). [Oth. comment, ref. to etym. in Y. 1. c. a. Targ. 
Obad. v. 6 : "the owner appears" &c] 

itf^lS! m. (=S2S3S, cmp. ]'S3) tin. Targ. 0. Num. 

xxxi, T 2i! 

pQStf m. (b. h.; v. p3S, cmp. )VS), ' (thick, whirling) 
dust, powder. Sabb. Ill, 3 tHill pas the (heated) sand 
on- the roads. Hull. 91 a . Cant. E. to III, 6; a. fr.— 'S 
dilSI&n the refuse of writing material, or the colored 
sand strewn over the writing. Sabb. XII, 5 1ipU5a3 ani 
'31 if one writes (on the Sabb.) with a fluid or sap of 
fruits (instead of ink), or in the sand on roads or in the 
writer's powder.— Trnsf. (cmp. pas) connection, something 
akin to, shade of, as Sin llltfb 'S a shade of slander; 'S 
niai a shade of usury ; niSi31tt bli) 'S an agricultural 
occupation indirectly related to those forbidden in the 
Sabbath year; v. in.iv.-Pl. nipas. Tosef. Ab. Zar. 1, 10 
in 'S S31S (ed. Zuck. nispas) the word abdk in its 
figur. sense is applied to four things; cmp. B. Bath. 165 a ; 
B. Mets, 61 b ; 67 a ; Succ. 40 b . 

pDltf, Pi. pas, pais (denom. of foreg.) to cover with 
powder, esp. plants, for fertilizing.. Shebi. II, 2 lipSSa 
(cmp. Y. Gem. a. 1.). M. Kat. 3 a . Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a top. 
.—Part. pass, psisa powdered. Y. Bice. I, 63 d bot. nipsisa 
(read 'aisa) grapes fertilized with powder. [Ar. "to 
remove' the dust"(?)] 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. pasnn, 'sn? to be covered, or cover 
one's self with dust. Gen'. E. s'. 43.— Metaph. to sit at 
one's feet as a disciple. Aboth. I, 4. 

pDSSl, -p-QN (l/as, as, cmp. "ps, pan) l) to en- 
tangle, twist, twine. Men. 42 a pais inb pias (perh, pi3S 
Pa.) he twined (the show-fringes) with loops.— 2) (neut. 
v.) to be attached to, cling to (idolatry etc.). Snh. 64 a ; 
Ab. Zar. 14 b . Ib. 17 a S3la na 'S he was very deeply 
attached to sensuality. 

pDltf, SSj^DSS ch.=h. pas. Targ. Ex. IX, 9 ; a. e. 

p3N Tosef. Mikv. V, 7, read pias. 

!tfp2!S, v. pas ch. 

maps**, v. pas h. ' 

np^Ni f. (b. h.; v. pas) spices, spice-box. Pig. npas 
bail (peddlar's spice-box) a great scholar. Cant. E. to 
III, 6 end. 

DTlpDiS! pr. n. m. (EuxoXo;) Eucolus, father of 
E. Zechar'iah. Git. 56 a ; Lam. E. to IV, 2. Tosef. Sabb. 
xvi (XVII), 6 (Var. eVraaa, Dlbpi3S). Cmp. Dl^piSS. 

ilpDStf Men. 33 a , read snpas, v. next w. 

stf ilpDltf f. pi. (pas) loops, leather rings, on bedsteads 
for the reception of cords; in door cases, for, hanging 

doors in. Ned. 56 b ; Snh. 20 b . 'S3 11)111 a couch 

is called dargesh, when it is carried in and out (to be 
put up and taken apart) by means of loops (through 
which the cords are fastened) ; opp. mittah, v. SWIiia. — 
Men. 33 a , Erub. ll b ed. (Ms. M. snpSS, v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note), explain, lis 13\1 'an indication of hinges'. — 
Mace. 23 a (loops in the punishing scourge). 

™Q&$ or 13i Hif. iiain, v. 113. ■ 

"Q&J ("JA3S, v. 33S; cmp. 131, I3n) to be bent, 
pressed, thick. 

Pi. las, lais 1) to strengthen, harden (cmp. yast). 
Snh. 109 b (play on Abiram, Num. XVI, 1) '31 'a 13b 'iSffi 
Ms. M. (Eashi 133b, ed. lass) he hardened his heart 
against repentance.— 2) (denom. of 13S) to measure wings, 
to define city limits, for Sabbath distances, in cases of 
wing-like projections beyond the line. Erub. V, 1 1213 
• 1i13Sa . (accord, to Eab's spelling, while Sam. read 
■|i13Sa, "v. Y. ib. 22 b , Bab. ib. 53 a ) how do we measure 
outskirts of a city in order to draw the Sabbath line?; 
v. etymol. definit. Y. a. Babl. 11. cc. a. Y. Ber. VII, 12 c 
top. — 3) (b. h. Hif.) to soar, take wings. Gen. E. s. 42 
(play on Shemeber, Gen. XIV, 2) '31 13SaU5 Ar. s. v. ISSaffl 
(ed. nils ninitJ} he took wings to fly and obtain wealth. 

"fiNj ch. Ithpe. lastnst (v. next w, a. foreg.).' io be 
winged,' to soar. Targ. Job XXXIX, 29. 

"DN«, 05"^.) m - ( b - h - wing, v. last; cmp. S]», S|») 
l)limb,<part.—*Tin "p 'X a part cut off from a living animal. 
Hull. 101 b ; a. fr.— 2) wiewtJrwm genitale. Snh. 107 a . 
Y. Keth. V, 30 b .— 3) town quarter, projecting out- 
skirts (v. last Pi. 2).— 'St 'K Kw6 6y &m&; piecemeal. 
Sabb. 40». y* Toma VI, 43 d bot, Koh. R. to X, 15.— 
PI. b^iast, b^ia^St, r*!^^ Kw&s, paris (of an animal). 
Shek.VII, 3 meat found 'i&t in entire limbs (opp. hlS'Tin 
cut slices). Sabb. 82 b 'stb nxaaa. hi 1 '** Ms, M.\ (ed. nai&t 
'Stb) does not make unclean when dismembered. Kef. 
XVIII, 9 (parts of a bedstead).— .'St 'X as sing. Hull. ll b . 
Treat. S'mah. II, 12.— Ber. I, 1 the fat 'stl and other 
pieces of the daily offerings. Ohol. I, 8 'St Pl"al 248 
limbs (joints).— 4) balance of a load, ballast. Sabb. 154 b , 
v. "an.— Ch. xia^st. 

"DIS? m. (v. last ; b. h. nisi)) fearf. Snh. 52 a ViVtiB 
<St Ist5 a string (bar) of lead'.' Hull. 8 a llpisa 'st lead 
directly from the mine (hot). Y. Sabb. VII, 10 b bot.Kel. 
XIV, 5 '31 ISaffl 'Stn the lead hanging down from the 
neck of the animal (as ornament or mark). Git. 19 a ; 
Sabb. 104 b 'SO lans if he wrote the document with lead 
(solution); a. fr. 

12X, tCnX 0*"Ha) ch. same. Targ. Ex. XV, 
10. Targ. Y^ Lev. XX^ 14"; a. e.— Snh. 64 a '31 W1U 
cast ye him into a kettle (of lead) '=1 inVbSl and cover 
him with lead (or heavy load; ed. (TPItt) incorr. ; Ms. 
M. omits Stiastl; oth. var. v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.). Git. 19 a 
'SO (writing) with lead pencil, 'Stl St^aa with a solution 
of lead. 

&CQSS limb, v. stia^st. 

&0&N, Targ. ProV. XXX, 31 Ms. the cock, cmp. 

iaxa. T ias; v. ssax. 

"N iJN adv. (ia) outside, freq. with prefix "a, opp. 
iS15X. T $uil. 130 ab Ab. Zar. 2 b 'StO Stsba 3rVTol> for the 
king to wait outside (of the court-room). R. Hash. 8 b 
'X . . . bpiaV. Ber. 18 b 'X a 1 *" 1 sat outside (of the gather- 
ing of the righteous in heaven). Cmp. ^Kia. 

■1WQN, "OJTQitf, Erub. 62 a , Var., v, Stafffiast. 

^"I3X, v.^ach. 

^llia'rij 1) '(cmp. 7151* Pi.) wings or comers of city walls 
(h. !"i5s), pinnacles, mural turrets. Sabb. li a ed. (Ar. 
ilSliast,- read illStiast; Ms. M. ''IlllSt; Var. lect. v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) 2) (v. last a. laii) balance, freight ar- 
ranged for balancing, ballast, B. Bath 24 b 'lliasta liai&t 
TDa llfi Ms. M. (ed. "Ma SO) I may say, the small kegs 
were placed among the large for balancing purposes. 

' <ta"hna,v.^as</- 


tXQVC&k, SKDTDN f. hash or brine of a certain 
fish ( ! A6pa|u<;?). Succ, 18 a (Ms.M. a. ed. last, v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1.) [Rashi : 'a very small fish'.] 

O ™«Jbj m. (prob. a. geogr. term) ibrosi, name of 
a species of olive of medium size, also called ^li^St q. v. 
Ber. 39 a its name is not egori, '=1 'St StVst'Ms. M. (ed. 
iBliast, Ar. ed. Koh. iSliast) but its original name is 
ibrosi or as some say ibiiaD Ms. M, (ed. 'Wist)); Y. 
Bice. I, 63 d bot. Wills* ■(Wills*). 


Dp1"13«, v. iftpiiaast . 

^")n!S, v. ^ipax. 

JJ ©TON m. (Pers. afrosah) a dish of flour, honey, 
and oil; a word in a marginal note in Ms. M. to Ber. 
37 a , quoted in Ar. and in Eashi to 36 b bot. (i1"©liast, 
corr. ace), denning Sinp part. V. Eabb. D. S. a, 1. 

*rfrDi<, rP"0& Tosef. Neg. VIII,- 2, v. niia. 

pHS^j m. pi. (Sttail, v. SWISH; cmp. h. equiv. 
ttaais, 'stsais) prop, cutting, trimming, hence fur 
trimmed of its extremities {and pinked), in gen. carriage- 
robe, cover [E. Hai Gaon declares our w. to be Persian, 
■v. Ax. ed. Koh. s. v., a. Fl. to Levy Targ. Diet. II, 579 b J 
B. Kam. 66 b '=1 lip stlpisa (Ms. M. YTOS*) before its 
use was determined upon it was called mishkha (skin), 
and now (even before the trimming is done), it is called 
abirzin (fur, robe). V. 5>12Tp. 

fi^!?^ Fl - fem - ^O" 1 ^ 3 ^ ( v - ^ n ) 1U - outside 
places, hence villages, cottages. Y. Ber. VI, 10 a [Com- 
ment, 'to take refreshments', v. st^ia^st].. [Wias* Cant. 
E. to H, 14, read STJIs" 1 !*, v. IJ"^!] ' 

pp" 1 ")!^, Y. Sabb. XVI, 15 d , v. iTI^-- 

".ri' , "Q«, v. niias?. 

rjHDltf (Gen. XLI, 43)Abhrekh, a title ; homiletically 
defined' diJiaa f|i1 rtaaha 5& father in wisdom, tender 
in years. Gen. R. s. 90. 

"3 IJCS m. (prob. fr. 15X; well-winged) name of a 
bird, prob. sea-mew. Yalk. Esth. 1054; (Esth. E. to III, 6 


*D" 1 !TQ!S; (?) (Pers., v. Fl. to. Levy Talm. Diet. s. v., 
a. Lagarde Ges. Abh. vol. 23) half-done meat. Pes. 41 a 
(explain. Hi Ex. XII, 9) 'St ">StD1B iiastia (Yalk. Ex. 197 
ifflsix "ia) as the Persians say abarnim. [istblB iias^is 
does not necessarily refer to the Persian language, cmp. 
I^afl. Perh. our w. is a Hebrew expression known among 
Persian Jews, and a compound of b 11 ? last (=S^S;S , bW) 
a tender piece. Cmp. fswa.] 

.•WD^v.bisiist. ' 

"p^H^itf, Tj?""fil m. pi. (pia=p1S;-. cmp. 1pa=1pB, 
v. 'pOipBX) underclothes, inexpressibles, breeches (cmp. 
Lat. bracse, braccse— of Oriental origin). Y. Sabb. XVI, 
15 d 'X 151B Ar. (ed. Krot. T^iax; Bab. ib. 120 a 131B '31, 
Ms. M. 11S1B, Ar. 'pUSIS ; Bashi genouilliers, a. German 
Kniehosen). T'lamd. B'resh. quot. in Ar. (expl. •pST'ttPBB 
Dan. Ill, 21) 'SI rYBlWh '3 (fern.) the underclothes put 
around their loins. 

JSTTQlSj, rirTDN f. pi. (">ia, v. x^ia^x, a. nxian) 

%SSop (used against indigestion &c). Sabb. 128 a (ex- 
plaining ailX). Ib. 109 b nniax (mentioning two species, 
one named Sai|n-ia=ait&t, the other Wii-ia^T ailX). 
Ab. Zar. 29 a Ms. M. a. Ar. (ed. xniax). 

W^X, N^" 1 ^ m - 0*»K=*ai) something 
dried; parched or dried ears of grain. Meg. 7 b ; Ps. 39 b 
'XI xnap flour of roasted ears. Ib. 40 a '11MX1 K3SH Ar. 
(ed. "iax) a basin wherein ears are roasted. 

&MN (»"W) (Samar. nsx rendition of b. h. ap5; 
cmp. nsn) to «|>eW (letters), blaspheme, swear. Snh. 101 b 
SJS llffiVal ■pVnsaO) ,X3tl Ar. (6d. n3S>), the Boraitha 
remarks (to nsmn as in Mishn. a. I.) this (condemnation 
of one uttering the name of the Lord) refers to the 
country (not the Temple), and in the sense of Samaritan 
aga (swearing). Omp. Y. Snh. X, 28 b top ■pV 1 !* 'jisa 
'31 "WVD in a way as those Samaritans swear. 

plbMS, pJpbWN." Gen. E. s. 28, beg.,, read 

. 3^ (contr. of as bx=bs, cmp. _ X) prop, on the back, 
on top of, hence, upon, on the basis; (logic.) by dint of, 
on account of; by the way of. Snh. 95 b "mix 'X while 
on thy road, i. e. incidentally, occasionally. Freq. 'X 
norm, v. xniix.— B. Mets. 21 b ilipil 'X because they 
are heavy.— ib. ll b , a. fr. ^Splpa 'X ■pbabBa the 
sale of movable chattel made binding by dint of im- 
movable property jointly sold; emp. Splp.— Kid. 26 b 
mx 'X by . means of somebody else (taking posses- 
sion in behalf of the absent person). Ib. 27 a 'jS'tta ^a 
'X is it necessary that he must say, 'Acquire mov- 
able by dint of acquiring landed property'? — Pes. 113° 
X"«a X">a5 'X Vs every claim the legality of which rests 
on some additional circumstance (e. g. a loan collectible 
only on producing the note of indebtedness) requires 
collection (cannot be considered actual property until 
collected).— Sabb. 116 a fflllpl Xin aro 'N the parchment 
is sacred only on account of the sacred character of 
what is written on it.— Shebu. 40 b , v. X11S; a. fr. 

OT2&&OJ5*, v.. Slat?™, end. 
' "TIWN m. (^asix, h, s^aa, Visas) calix ;.or corolla 
of flowers. Y. Kil. IX, 32 a top iilbp 'X the cissaros 
blossom (v. Lat. Diet. s. v. cissaros, Or. Diet. s. v. ^po- 
<tolv6s|J!,ov) "a woolly substance growing on stones at the 
Dead Sea, looking like gold, and being very soft; its 

name is "|bs (^otXxir), y.i\jr\) and it resembles sheep- 
wool".— (E. Ash. a. 1. in Mishn.). Y. Sabb. II, 4 C top 
'p '33S, corr. ace. [Var. lect. 'pa2X=X1i:£X?, 'paax.— 
Sabb. 20 b , our w. appears as Xlpfflia, Xlptlia, obviously 
a corruption of cissaros; Bashi ib. expl. 'the -shell of 
the cocoon', prob. confounding with chrysallis which is 
likewise named from its gold color.] 

"I*[fc$ I ( V^i sec - r - of s,,s > v - N^IX, cmp. lax, isn, 
1p5>) 1) to twine around, tie up; to close, forbid. Succ. 
Ill, 1 ; a. fr.— Sabb. 60 a '=1 ia nisix Ar. (ed. niSIX, Ms. 
M. main) she fastens her hair with it. — Pes. 87 a PASS 
/ai niiaixia bsoap ed. (Ms. M. nvroatt) . . . nmna, v. 

Hif.) the maidens in Israel who forbid intimacy to their 
betrothed. Erub. 21 b miaix X"b ed. (missing in Ms. M.). 
—2) (denom. of nilSX) to form a union or faction. Sifre 
Deut. 294, v. Nif.[B. Bath. 14 s M131X WTtb, v. 15X a. 

Nif. "15X2 to be tied up, united &c. Maasr. I, 5 pli 
lax^ffla "it\ vegetables ordinarily put up in bunches, are 
subject to tithes from the time they are tied. Y. Erub. 
Ill, 20 d top.— Sifre Deut. 296 miax TpS>» HSxn xblU 
(read 13X1-1) no alliance (of the surrounding nations) shall 
be formed against thee. 

- Sif. I^axn, contr. wn, part. Wa, "Via, fo «e «p, 
/ewce m, /br'Jid. Erub. 21 b ; Pes. 87 a Ms. M. (play on 
Qiiaa Oant. VII, 14) '=1 nil^aiD who forbid &c, v. 
supra (Bashi: hiT^aiU, v. 1S3, who announce their men- 
struation); v. 15X11. 

IJS^I ch. same to tie. Part. pass, I^SX. Yeb. 39 b 
n^a Xl^ax xn is she not tied to him?, hence he must 
marry her. 

"UN II ( Y"ii, v. 153 a. blS), Hif. I^sn to stretch, pro- 
long, postpone. Erub.21 b ; Pes. 87 a (Ar.s. v.1S,y. however 
1SXI) '31 hil^SaiB who postpone (reserve) sexual intimacy 
for their husbands. Y.Keth.V, 29 d bot.'aini3">a 'MXI will 
extend (spend all the time of) my widowhood in my 
husband's house. 

"UN II ch. same; to be lengthened. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XIX, 13; Deut. XXX, 6. Denom. XnilSIX. 

"WIS! Ill, N13N m. (foreg.) long staff, whence 1) crutch. 
Targ. ~il Sam. Ill, 29 (some ed. 1SX).— 2) pole used, as a 
yoke to carry burdens on the shoulder. B. Mets 83 a 
'Xa 1111 Ar., Ms. H., Oxf. &c. (Ms. M. XIS^X, ed. X1SX, 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) who carry a burden on a yoke. 
Bets. 30 a (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 3) ; Sabb. 148 a Ms. 
M. marg. XrilSX ! (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 6). V. X13B. 

"UN ("WSSf) m. (1SXI) 1) tie, knot. Succ. 10 b , a. 
fr. 'x''"-j-i1S must be tied together. Ib. 11SX mm if the 
tie of the Lulab becameloosened. Erub. 101 b sq. iisxa Va^a 
(a. twice 'S^X, Babb. in D. S. a. 1. ilSlxa) when the door 
pin is handled by pulling the cord knotted to it. — 2) 
bunch Y. Ter. II, 41 b XaBJtU 'X a bunch of herbs that 
became unclean.— 3) surgical bandage. Sabb, 53 a . 

T!K, "WlSt ch. same. Succ. 33 b '21 XfT^Sa 'ix 
(fern. I) it requires a substantial binding. '"'■.. 


&m v. -™ in. 

rnijK, or rTl^S f. (133, 3 absorbed or dropped = 
fTiart) fa?e, sfory, lesson, esp. Agadah, that class of Rabb. 
literature which explains the Bible honiiletically, opp. to 
Halakhah or legal interpretation (fe^rt, Si^iauJ). M.Kat. 
23 a 'SI 'as a legal tradition and an Agadah (homily). 
Y. Yeb. XII, 13 a . Y. B. Bath. VI, 15° KVl 'X nilOa/it 
is a traditional Agadah.— Y. Git. IV , 45 c " ( sa ... 'S3 
"j^ p^l who among us can enter into what thy 
grandfather said ? — 'X tea a lecturer on Agadah. Gen. 
R, s, 94; a. fr.— trtn niSX the Agadah on Psalms. lb. 
s. 33.— PL niiax, 'SX. Lev. R. s. 22, beg.; a, fr.— Cmp. 


S Tosef. Makhsh. Ill, 8 ed. Zuck., 


T na«, "pm v. n*x. . 

D^X, v. Mih. 

Dlp^iS! (bpiiax, popular corrupt. '13X, cmp. 
> <j?O l i13X) m. (ecdicus=cognitor sive defensor civitatis, 
esp. in Asia Minor) state's agent, syndic. Gen. R. s. 12 
rfctB SV»3 ,te Sl3laa 'X (ed. 13X; ibffl ma, corr, ace.) when 
an ecdicus is in the country, he holds the authority over the 
public road (curator vise, v. X*a). Yalk. Ps. 794 (a. Ar.) 
'158, corr. ace— PI. "pp/iax, T '3X. Cant. R. to VII, 9 
(ed. IK). 

, fcO^Jitf m. (v. 151 a. Kflis, P. Sm. 23) worm-wood 
(Rashi: horehound). Ab. Zar. 29 a Ar. a. ed. (Ms. M. 
'801518, with 1), in a prescription against asthma. Targ. Y. I 
Deut. XXIX, 17 '15X (Var. '15X); ed. Vienna pi. X*_3iax 

^FfWN< f. ch. (=h. niax) 1) Agadah, homiletic litera- 
ture. T B. Kam. 60 b ppp. "xiinsattJ. Sotah 49 a irvfflB Kill 
'XI SOI (abbr. l"ttJ"!Ti) the kaddish (prayer) after lec- 
tures. Y. Sabb. XVT, 15 c — 2) the Haggadah, i. e. the 
recitations for the Passover night. Ps. H5 b sWffl 'x 
Haggadah andHallel. Ib. 116 b '=1 'X laxi "jXa who recited 
the Hag. in the house of R. Joseph (who was blind)? 

5"UN» m. (rax to sting, v. xax, i/ax=ati, v. sari) 
thorn] thorn-bush. Y. Shebi. Vn, T 3 T 7 b top.— PI. yjtf. Y. 
Kil. V, 30 a bot.; v. fi51!l. 

n &jfl^ adv. inside., .amid, v„ wax. Hull, 130 ab . 
Cmp.' 15- ."- 

WIS* m. (558, v, nax=h. 5_ain q. v.) cfe/if, fissure. 
X^al 'X cataract, water-falls (issuing from a fissure). 
Lam. R. to I, 17 (play on hogeg ibid. Ps. XLII, 5) yura 
'31 'X Ar. like the cataract that rests neither &c. [Ed. 


T^N m.(l3XI)6aw*. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 a hot.; Y. Yeb. XII, 
1 2 d top "ipJiaba 'X a band (of bast) with which mala punica 
(pomegranates) are tied together. — PI. ta^llSX, const, >, li5X. 
Peah VI, 10 Blfflil 'X stalks of garlic plant used for tying 
bunches; [oth. opin. bunches of garlic on one stalk], 

opp. to niliax tied bunches. [Tosef. ib. Ill, 8 "niaix ed. 
Zuck., piles of garlic, v. 115X.'] [Num. R. s. 4 beg. biail 
dmiisx, v. iii5K.] 

rft ! tfJS| f. (b. h. rtiax, v. foreg.) 1) bundle, bunch. 
B. Mets. I, 8. Succ. 33 b *':>1 ^U! 'X= as a bunch of herbs 
is tied; a. fr.— 2) band, union; faction. Lev. R. s. 30; 
Gen. R. s. 88 nnx 'X one brotherhood.— PI. rrniax. Peah 
VI, 10; v. foreg. Makhsh. VI, 2 '=1 tva 5>8} 'x' (herb) 
bunches which have been lying in the market houses; 
v. Tosef. ib. HI, 8.— Yeb. 13 b (ref. to lliann Deut. 
XIV, 1) 'X 'X IttWn. i6 do not form yourselves into reli- 
gious factions. Ber. 4 a 'X 'X in companies (amusing 
themselves).— 3) 'X tva pr. n. of a family, Beth-Aguddah. 
Mass. Sofrim IV, 1 'X 'a btti . . . the scribes of the family 

71W2K m. (=1=115) thumb. Yoma H, 1. Cant. R. 
to III, 6." : 

JUitf m. (b. h.) nut. Git. 64 h (as signs of mental 
responsibility) YSB131 'X if you throw a nut to it, and the 
child picks it up (at the same time throwing a pebble 
away); a. e.— PZ.tntiax, const, "niax. 0rl.Iir,8'xn ISSShS 
when the nuts are burst open. Ib. 7 "p& iliax crack-nuts 
(eatable); a. fr. [Tosef. Sabb. XIV (XV), 1 fiaiS&ail) 115X 
ed. Zuck., read "paix, v. "paiSl.] [For etymol. cmp. D5X.] 

XJtJN ch. same; also nut-tree. Keth. 77 b 'XI &W5 
scrapings" of the bark of a nut-tree; v. X51X.— Cmp. 


X f. (v. ti5Xj nut-tree. Cant. R. to VI, 11. 

"HtaUS, v. ',ii5^ax. 

*-) > tap' 1 'l3tf m . Quxstor. Gen. R. s. 12, v. Sl^aSX 
a. aiDpiaxj end. 

^"ftSl (£?o>[«.s^ fr. S.~i<o) up! come on! Gen. R.s. 78. 

1"U&$ m. (ayiuv) assembly, esp. public games. Y'lamd. 
Emor (quot. in Ar, missing in Tanh.) Wins (11153)3 "X. 

jHTUSS Tanh. Mishp. 1, read S1313X. 

StfD&W, (Hia&W) I Augusta, title of a female 
member of the imperial family (of Rome), in gen. prin- 
cess &c. Esth. R. to I, 9. [Tan h. Vaera 8, 'X, read 


*iatMi$, J 1 W"^ m. (Augustanus, Augusti- 
anus) a servant in a eoioniaAugustana, (perhaps identical 
withCurialis orDecurio; cmp. Gibbon, ed.Milm. II, 142sq., 
Amer. ed.). Snh. 26 a '31 )$o . , . lali *>isi Ms. M. (Ms. 
c. a. p. ina&i . . e a. ■jiuo^ax, pa&iax, corr. ■pa&iax) he 

may say (as an excuse for tilling in the Sabbath year), 
I am merely an imperial servant in the estate. 

■^Ita&W, Gen. R. s. 1, v. "to&iax. 

D WIjIN (Oltaraa) m. Augustus, title of the 
Roman emperor, in gen. ruler, sovereign., Y. Ber. IX, 
12 d hot. as one uses indiscriminately .'X ib^p bl^i&a 

,([3pcijiXsu;) Basileus, Csesar, Augustus; Gen. B. s. 8 (corr. 
ace.). Ex. B. s. 23, beg.; a. fr— [Gen. U.S. 12 n5"i1a:a 'X 
ed. (Ar. bBbxaax) read "riobiiax or liBb''Xnax v. bl:M5X.] 

"O&OtS&IJilS m. pi. Augustiani, a Preetorian legion 
entitled to proclaim the emperor. Esth. B. to I, 3, end 
'X ">5iialp1 the Decumani (or Decimani) and the Aug. — 
Gen. B. s. 94 'ixa (corr. ace); v. Sachs. Beitr. I, 113 sq. 

. NbBCfUN, v. next w. 

Ot3D*»iN m. (Augustalis). Prcefectus Augustalis, 
title of T the prefect of Egypt. Gen. E. s. 1. ed. (Var. 

■tebiax, Ar. xVabiax). 

stfn&W Ex. B. s. 8 some ed., read blbbiax. 

*]UN m. (Spa I, ipi.) 1) sexual intercourse. Y. Git. 
Vn,48 dT WBWX * y"V& to reserve to himself the right 
of embracing her; Y.B. Bath. VIII, 16 c topii51X— 2) door- 
stop, v. S|M«.— [CflMt v. C|4S.] 

m'HS, TU" 1 ^ m. (ias<I) heap, hill. Tosef. Shebi.111,3 

'=1 X2Sli"">Xl ed."zuck. (Var. "WW) and a mound (of 
arable ground) rises out of it (the rock).. — PI. Bi"yiax, 'list ; 
const, "niinx. Tosef. Peah III, 8 taTOi-niiaiX ed. Zuck. 
(Var. TTOX, MllaX, ed. iliax/v. lias) heaps of garlic 
on the field, not yet hunched. 

ItfTUNjI, JOIJPN ch. same; esp. heathen altar 
(cmp. T b, hi Ks). Targ. Jud. VI, 25 ; a. fr— PI. piax : , VX, 
N*™& " 1 «. Targ. II Kings XXI, 3; a. fr. 

£0"UXlI i.(a.^opa)market-plaee, court- session, court. 

PI. hix-iilix Git.'88 b .n'n:fl itt) 'X (ed. nixiliax -eorr. ace.) 
gentile courts. 

nTU^ f. ("lax) prop, store-room^ hence <Ae cowpari- 
»i6«fe o/ 1 tte nut-shell. PI. niliax. Pesik. B. s. 11 as the 
nut has 'X 5>31X f our compartments (Yalk. Cant. 992 fWTCm) . 
' "T^*^ inf - of l "fi«.— ^IISI* 'for ^ax, v. Xliax. • 
"Hi3!S!, "Hl^lS* m. (v. liax, ft-jiax) -/ft /or storage, 
o/" gw<Z quality. Kel. XVII, 8 the olive (as a size 
standard) . . . neither large nor small, but of medium 
size, 'X !"ft Which is the kind called egori. Ber. 39 a ; Y. 
Biec. I, 63 d (etymol. explan.) f v. ^bl^SX. Yalk. Deut. 851 
'X m. Gen. B. s. 91, end 'ix "Via myrrh fit for storage. 
— PI. piax Num. E. s. 4 beg. ■jhiTlSK biBfi, read T>"ViaX 
tan are all storage wheat (opp. naia^a). Cmp. Viax.- 

rn^mjN, v. tnb*n. 
cnafflw, om'. . . ., v. iyiBwa«.' 

antm isn^ma (Ti^)t(m»,r 1M )^Mif V . 

Targ. T Ps. CX, 3 ; a. e. T 

'p2J|&$, Snh. 91 a , v. liasb;— Y, Kil. IX, 32 a v. pax. 

fetlDj jfflN! m. (xaxa^paxxr)?, cataraeta) cataract, 
cascade— K x^aaiBax Y. M. Kat.I, beg. 80 b 'x pix 
'pi Fia. what is your opinion about those cascades ? . 

N$$, v. x^aix. 
NtfllTJS}, y. xwnax. 

"^ Tanh. Emor. 18, v. pXS.— Y. Sabb. II, 5 b ISS 
'X, read "iiax^ian Gen. B. s. 6. 

V2H& (denom. of "(ax, X551X, Pa.) to /ow»- cilMs or 
cakes (of wax). Y. Sahb. VII, 10 b bot. pip "TO 'XI 'jflrt 
he who forms cakes of wax dust (on a Sabbath). 

"D'Ultf Gen.B.s.56, some ed. 1515X— a corrupt passage, 
prob. to be read: "janx eppm insrt.hVntpa mnx lafflUJ 
las isa. 

D^JiJj m. wi/e's brother or kindred, brother-in-law, 
v. b" 1 ?.' Snh. in, 7 ed. Y.; a. fr. 

ITOm-ptto^Hv.'bii*. , 

TJIS, VTPMl (N?JN. »TW.) m. (lax) Aired 
»waw, 'laborer J Targ. Job VII, ljV; a. fr,— PI. i^TOgt. 
B. Mets. 76 b sq. (interch. in ed. with. ^lax, corr. ace). ' 

. pD 'PjN, m. pi., a corruption of a geographical 
term, perh. •paiT'BX ('HTisipuiTai) (steeds) of Epyrus. 
Targ. Jer. V, 8 (h. text S^ttja). 

EJ"U!$ Lam. E. to 1, 21 ; Pesik. Anokhi p. 138 b , v. SIS I. 

fcOJSSi, fcOJnSl m. (v.ts, V?i) outside-door, city-gate. 
— P?. T ^ax, -bi-k, B. Bath 8 a XSa '*xV tin Ar. (ed, 'S«i>, 
all must contribute towards keeping the city gates in 
repair.; B. Mets. 108 a (Ms. M. %). 

"'pTlbjX, v. K|3^u a. "inn. . 

D 5 ^!S! m. (b. h'.; ^St, sec. r. of XVk, cmp. Mn.'-SlS) 
rowwtZed things, raindrops. Hag. 12 b 'St n^S (alius, 
to Job XXXVIII, 28) the upper store in heavens con- 
taining the rains. [V. Var. lect. in Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 200.] 

*]"OJItf read 'pai^X. 

fctrfiP^A f. (t)bs) engraving, setting. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXXI, 5. T ' ' ........ 

- " n ^J^, v. xgbxia. 

D^I(h.MS; yds, v. taaa, Bia) to be bent, whence 
to be'in grief. Targ. Ps. CXIX, 28. 

D^SSill m. (b. h.; v. foreg. a. liaax) anything bend- 
ing and peeling, whence 1) leek, or leek-like plants, opp. 
to hffia young grain &c. Kid. 62 b this refers only to 
shahath fc6 '»a tax but not to agam. lb. ^Xhl Sa'iUa ">xa 
Xin 60^X131 Wfflii 'X (Ar. sAxiai) what proof have you 
that agam in this case has the meaning of onion-plants ? 
(Answ. ref. to yraax Is. LVIII, 5).— 2) (b, h.) reed, reed- 
land (juncetum), dwelling places of wild beasts, opp. ttyB 
cultivated land; Taaji. 22 a , .■_ ..... 


uSiSs m. (bal) a /2eM wtoA requires chairing in 
order to he made arable, uncleared ground containing 
roots of trees &c. Ab. Zar. 38 a 'fcO IWr nx n^Sh set fire 
to an uncleared field. Y. ib. II, 44 d bot. D^lan '» a field 
on which palms stood, the roots of which must be 
grubbed up. 

ISSliW ch. same. Ab. Zar. 38 a '31 '« *b& his inten- 
tion was merely to clear the ground. 

StH?N m. ch. (Dia, v. Bast) a depression, stagnant 
water, lake; also marshland, meadow. B. Mets. 36 lj 
'&t1 i6aft the vapors of the meadow; a. fr. 'Jta i3p !=Bp 
to cut reeds in the meadow— to be illiterate. Sabb. 95 a ; 
Snh. 33 a .— PI. "palSt, !**aa!*. Targ. Is. XXXV, 7; a. e.— 
"'aait. Sabb. 77 b 'SO l^l grazes in meadows. 

SSDJISlI pr. n. pi. Agma, in Babylon. B. Mets 86 a . 
— B. Bath. 127 a ; Kid. 72 a '81 JtlpX Akra d'Agma, v. Stlp&t 
Snh. 38 b '!*1 Jtlpx (Ar. illpil JXaJX ; oth. var. v. Eab'b. 

D. S. a. 1. note). 

fTQfe, <in??f. (v.Q^I,) esp. tt»B3 na?S (W) grief 
of the T soul. M. T Kat. 14 b ; a.'fr. Ms. M., s. Ar. 'it (ed. 9). 

"P'QJX m. (b. h. ",aas*; v. dsstn) reed, eawe.— 'Kfi 3>sa 
cane-bearer, a subordinate executive officer. Y. Sot. 
IX, 24 b top ; a. e., v. niiat. 

liHJX, WTOwlX ch. same. Targ. Is. LVIII, 5.- 
Targ. J6b. XLj26Ms. (ed.. xipasiS); 

"jlCJW m.=-|iam. Sabb. 145 b ed. 

JtiinjN, v. ym ch. 

W3X, N3JN m. (b. h. lax, v. IJiiX) basin, kettle. 
Sabb. T 110 a i&rivri ''St a basin filled with cress. Ab.Zar. 
31 a '31 StalSSt 'it Ms. M. (ed. '21) a basin-like vessel 
•placed over the opening of the cask. Pes. 45 b .— Ber. 22 a 
StTbl 'SO in a bath tub. — PL T?S!*, "US!*, .'SSt. Targ. Is. 
LXV, 11.— Pes. 30 b Sttlfial 'St the kneading basins of 
Mahuza. — SO^sast "itt^a pr. n. pi. Targ. Jud. IV, 11; 
Y. Meg. I, 70 a Dot. ffllpl SOijast, later name of SW3 
pools of Kadesh. [B. Earn. 61 b StSIStl *bix Ms. B., ^jowds 
of tte /?eM, v. stMsta a. S«aso.] 

"OWDJIN, &1BMK (Var. v. infra) name of a 
Roman general in the days of R. Yoh. b. Zakkai, or of 

E. Gamliel, prob. a corrupt, of oiBJiia&t QuintuSj or 
DlBiiajt Quietus; [Graetz: Atticus, v. Monatsschr. 1885 
p. 17 sq.]. Sifre Deut. 351 BlBiSSSt. Y. Snh. I, 19 b top 
DlBSJSt; ib. c bot. dl3131BJSt; ib. d top BSSiBSSt. Num. E. 
s. .4 b1Bi31tt (b^BSSIp); Bekh. 5 3 blpllBJlp. [DIaaiiaK, 
blBDilp, Olaaailp seem most probable.] 

I^QMN Y. Ter. VII, 21 b , v. STIBSSISt. 


("ID" 1 ^^ f. (agnina, sc. pellis) lamb-skin. Gen. E. 
s. 20 Mus. '(ed'. 'hiiSSS). 

" H W^tf, v . iiab^st. . 

NTOJjN f. l)=&«ast. Targ. II Esth. I, 2.-2) flM) 
protection, 'guard. Num. B. s. 12; Midr. Till, to Ps,XCI,2 
mahasi (Ps. 1. c.) means ''SM&t my guard. 

ttjIN (Tosef. SMS) m. (BIS, b&a to swell, v. Da III, 
cmp. ftlBPi) ^ear, pear-tree. [In oth. Semit. dial, except 
Syr., pZwm, Fl. to Levi Talm. Diet's, v.] Y..Kil. I, 27 a 
bot.; Tosef. ib. 4. Ib. II, 15 (Var. tt»1S).— PI. B"<b5!*, 
"pbast (b^baw). Y. Ter. XI, 47 d bot. Kil. I, 4. Tosef. SheVi. 
VII, 16; a. fr. [Cmp. riSit, esp. Cant. VI, 11, where the 
context points to fruits in gen. Cmp. ttjuan.] 


• mTDDJX Ar. s. v. Tpcbp, read nTOBbSt. 

VlffDJN, ^WCON m. .(&djp.ov S.) fare- 
well-address,' bequest. [Mostly corrupt.] Midr. Till, to 
Ps. LXXXIV. Ib. to Ps. LXXXVL1. Ib. to Ps. XXVII. 
Pesik. Ahare p. 175 ab BilBllpb; Lev. B. s. .21 BilB^lpb, 
read 'pBibpN (v. Buber to Pesik. 1. c). 

VXH, Koh. E. to in, 14, read MB (Mat. K.). 

*}!)& (sec. r. of qsa, v. Spa) to fill up a hole with pitch 
&c. B. Kam. 105 a . 

*|3N> *]'»|N m. (Spa I) the moulding or eminence of 
the door frame against which the door shuts, door-stop 
(esp. of door-ways in thick city walls &c. with reference 
to sacred limits in sacrificial law). Pes. VII, 12 'Stft }a 
'31 d^iS^I the space, of the wall inside the door-stop is 
subject to the laws which apply to the space enclosed 
by the wall. Ib. 85 b laXS 'X the stop itself and the 
corresponding space. Y. ib. VII, 35 b SpSX. 

f|Jj[N! com. (v. foreg.=S]a; cmp. b. h. t^Bax) 1) wing, 
pinion.' PI. Breast;. Du. B^SiX. Neg. XIV, i. Gen. E. 
s. 39; a. e.— 2) winged animals ,. poultry. Succ. 42 a — . 
3) arms, shoulders of a human being. Y. Snh. VII, 24 b 
bot. 'Stfi 'paa 15^'bi i'lai you' might. think the convict 
must be cut through at the arm-pits. Sabb. 129 a liinwan 
'31 mawo her mates lift her by her arms.— 4) banks of 
river &c.. B. Kam. 61 a a rivulet which imparts s'blt) 
rpBaxb booty (alluvium) to its banks. B. Bath.99 b 'X l!)3!!} 
whose embankments have disappeared (washed away). 

ISBJlS! ch. same, wing. Gen. E. s. 75, beg. XlSsa 
'31 MQax shakes her wings to shake the ashes off. [Targ. 
Ezek.' L' 14, prob. KM!*.]. [B. Bath. 8 a , v. X&a.]— Pi. 

sjsss, const, laax. Targ. Cant. V, ii. Cmp. xana, xsa. 

il&JN, v. naari. 

"iJNl'O). h., yiS.v.llS) to gather, collect. Y.Yoma 
III, 41 aT top (expl. agartle, Ezr. I, 9). Y. Bice. I, 63 d bot. 
'31 llSx XlrtB itstores up its oil, (doesnot-letit trickle out), 
v. *>ya» ; Ber. 39 a '31 *t&& "Oatt) its. oil remains stored up. 
— Y. Nid. Ill, beg. 50 c top IWX bl blood collected in 
one place. — Trnsf. to store up thoughts, arguments. Sifre 
Deut. 16 (play on g'ero Deut. I, 16) diiai- li^S^aiXffl W 
that means him who heaps arguments up against him 
(his opponent in litigation). Ex. E. s. B-'i'iai-'SttJ- 115!* 


min (Var. iai8tti Pi.) he is called Agur (Prov. XXX, 1) 
because he collected words of the Law (stored up know* 
ledge); Koh. R. beg. ri"1S 111883 because he was stored 
(or girded , v. 118 II) with knowledge. Cant. E. to' I, 1 
end. [Sabb. 60 a ni!18 ed., v. 118.] 

Nif. 1183 to 6e gathered; Num.'E. s. 20 beg. (play on llil 
Num. XXII, 3) taniisi p1583 "(ill and they were gathered 
to their towns (for ' 

Eif. "Win,' to store up. Tosef. Dem. I, 10 nililian 
the store-keepers' places; v. miia, nilia.' 

"1^.1 ch. same; Pa. 118 to heap up, Targ. Y. Deut. 
I, 16 '31 118al (ed. Vien. 1MB— ) who heaps up litigar 
tions, v. foreg. [Targ. Ps. CIV, 7 lliai Ms., v. 13?.] 

"I^II (]/"i8, v. llh). 1) to gird, arm. Midr. Prov. 
to XXX, 1 V2ih 'SIB who girded his loins for wisdom; 
Yalk. Prov. a. 1. Part. pass. 1118, v. 15X1. 2) to Aaft, 
whence part. f. nilix (sub. p3&) a knife having inden- 
tations which catch the passing nail of the examiner. 
Hull. 17 b .— *3) to occupy space. B.Bath 14 a (intercharging 
with ^38 q. v.). 

"iJSSl II (118) (-|/18, akin to 15)1; v. foreg.) prop, to 
tie, whence to hire, employ, rent. Targ. Gen. XXX, 1,6} 
a. fr — Koh; E. to IV, 6 ; Lev. B. s. 3 beg. (prov.) '81 
'31 Wl he who rents one garden will eat birds; him who 
rents gardens, the birds will eat. Git. 73 a ifiia 1118 they 
hired boatsmen. Snh. 73 a i1il8 ilia to hire help. Y.Taan. 
I,64 b b0t.8riii31 Ilia hiring prostitutes. B.Mets.79 a ; 

4/". 1118 1) same. Targ. Y. Deut. XXIII, 5 (4).— B. Mets. 
77 a (interch. with Pe.) 11118 11118 (11118) engages 
laborers.— 2). to re«( owi, lease. Erub. 63 b "jMUl ^ 1118 
lease to us thy property. Y. Dem. VI, 25 b top. Y. Taan. 
I, 64 b hot. ilafi t1i1118 I hired my ass out. 

Ithpa. 11FPX, Mpe.llFi8(contr. of llxrmyto be hired, 
to work as a laborer. Targ. 0. Deut. XXIII, 25 ; a. e.— 
Yoma 20 b (prov.) '31 min iJ4 (combine into one w.) 
when thou hast hired thyself out to one, comb his 
wool (shrink from no labor). 

iJNIII, sSHJjNI m. (foreg.) rent, wages; reward, 
profit. Targ. Gen. XV, 1; a. fr.— B. Mets. 63 b frt 103 '8 
compensation for waiting (giving time for delivery), i. e. 
advancing the money to the seller. lb. 68 b '3 '83 8li& 
half profit or loss. lb. 69 b 81161 '8 payment for carrying 
freight, and indemnity to the boatsmen in case of wreck. 
Y. M. Kat. II, 81 b top 831pl 'X profit and principal (cost- 
price).— Y. B. Mets. II, 8 C top 8ate -pin is '8a than all 
profit this world can offer.— 2) that which deserves reward, 
meritorious deed. Ber. 6 b KBS-ni 8p1iB1 '8 the merit in 
attending a lecture lies in running [to it] (anxiety to. 
hear it). [118, 8118 staff, pole, v. 118.] 

• 12$, tf>1N roof; Xim 'letter, v. *«.' 

NHJ^II pr. n. m. Agra, father-in-law of E. Abba; 
father 'of E. Y'hudah. Hull. 104 b ; 134 a . Nid. 53 a . 

Q-'TISN .v. next, w, 

■tyffiQJjit (freq. fiia1118) m. (a corrupt, of ayopavo- 
[aox, v. Via.i3lll8) agoranomos , corresponding to the 
Eoman asdilis, market commissioner, gauger, &c. Ab. 
Zar. 58 a "nil '8 (itVD, Ms. V. '8 ill) a gentile agoran.— 
B. Kam. 98 a 85HB '8 an Arabian agoran.— B. Bath. 89 a 
'31 '8 pliaSa Ar. (ed. 'pa — plur.) an agoran. may be 
appointed for superintending measures, but not for fixing 
the prices.— PI. p»1118 B. Bath. 1. c (v. supra). [Pesik. 
Asser p. 96 a 8SHB 's6 (sing.)Ar. (ed.&lai3111!-fc read 'ab, 
cmp. Yalk. Ps. 729).]— S1a^118 Sifra K'doshim ch.Vni; 
cmp. Y. B. Bath. V, 15 a bot,' [Oth. corrupt, v. Pesik. 

Tl2$, TlSpt^ f. (1181, Pi; cmp. 11118) (grain) fit 
for storage, of superior quality. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, beg. 
54 a '3i rpnaiun is '8fi }-a T'rumah may betaken from 
the stored-up wheat for the wheat which has to be quickly 
disposed of, or vice versa. Y. Peah. II, 17 a '31 11118 pan 
(read 11118). Y. Naz.,V, 54 a 11118 1183331 ninni!) (corr. 
ace.) from dark colored wheat (inferior), 
was igg'ru (superior). [E. Simson to Peah II, 5 quotes 
11118; El. W. in Sh'noth El. ibid. milX.] [B. Bath. V, 6 
has roab white, pure for our w.] 

TUN, v. iai{3iiilii8. 

"'DTIJN m. pi. (a corrupt, of 13131118, cmp. DialllX 
a. next, art.) costum-collectors, (cmp. Sm. Ant. s. v. Ago- 
ranomos). Gen. E. s. 75 ed. (Ar. ia11i8). 

■j™, v. 1158. . 


&1D' 1 ji"l^(corr. , 'iJ'ill8),contr.&'ial558m.(ayopavo- 
fxoc) agoranomos, market-commissioner; v. &1OT118 a. 
iail!8. Y. Dem. II, 22 c top illl '8 mrflB the agor. was 
an influential man. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 b top. Lev. E. 
s. 1 "|lail1llX (corr. ace). Y. B. Bath. V, 15 a bot. '138 
(twice); a. fr. 

&"]Y"lJS!St m. (b. h., fcpil; cmp. 8Jia113) fist; fig. power, 
usurpation. Kel.XVII,l2. Ex. E*. s.'l.— '8 bs>S mighty, 
violent. Y. Peah. VII, 20 e top; v. infra.— Sot. 41 b SS1118 
flSlSfl ilfl the power of sycophancy. — PZ.&ifcill8, pBlllX; 
Kid. 76 b '31 '8 -i^Sa the men of power of the house of 
David; Snh. 49 a . Pes. 53 b '8 !=S3 a -strong, violent man 
(opp. nai 8151 a great man). 

N^B^N (WBTO) pr. n. pi. Agrippina, one 
of the signal stations for announcing the New-Moon, 
prob. a tower or height near Csesarea Philippi, enlarged 
by Agfippa II. R. Hash. II, 4 (22 ,J ) 'Xa . '. 'lb Ms. M. 2, 
Mish. Nap. (ed. 'A . . . 'la; Y. ed. . . 'Qiliaj.v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 4). 

ptSHJiS Koh.E. to 1, 18 read pIli?!* or pi. p?illiS8. 
Cmp. pliB&HX. " ' ' 

11^1^, li^X n». '(*TP«>«. neut.or. ace.) wild 
(opp. Til'i»i8 q. v.');" rough. Gen. E. si '77; Cant. E. to 
III, 6 '8 sis, Num. E, s, 11 (refer, tq Gen. Ill, 8)' Saw 



- ZFT 

<X Vlprt after sinning, Adam heard the divine voice as 
a harsh one. Cant. E. to III,. 7 (oorr. ace). Pesik. E. 
s. 15 '31 'X J|S13 . . . (leave out hebr. words as glosses to 
explain the Greek). 

tfaCTUa, v. s^wix. 

. tfS^i<=next. w. " ' 

OB^'H^X pr. n. m. ('Afpiirua?) Agrippa, 1) the last 
but one Herodian king of Judsea. Sot. VII, 8. Lev. E. 
s. 3; a. fr. — 2) a captain of the former. — Ab. Zar. 55 a 
'X ^© SOS Iffi XS^IIX Ms. M. (v. Eashi a. 1. a. Eabb. 

2"H3N, .v. sip"*;.}!*. 

* fcWlJM, T. Git. T, 47 b 'X *a~n, read Xl"«111 X11->1, 
v. "o^li-ia. 

arm v. m** 

ttp&m v. wabaix. ■ 

*&*lS~l^ m. (S^patpoi) unwritten. Y. E. Hash. 
I, 57 a bot7 ! 'X ball 01X^&3. X1S, cmp. Ar. h.'v,, a. s. v. 
SlX^bn (ed.&iS^S IS Wall IX) irapa |3oRjiXI<d4- 6" ^6|X04 
SypafOS, for the king the law is unwritten (i. e. the 
king may disregard his own law). Ley. E. s. 35, beg. • 
quot. in Ar. (missing in ed.). 

' n~)»i&$ pr. n. f. Igrath, name of the queen of demons 
Pes. lll' a SiblX 'X (an incantation). lb. 112 a . Num. E 
s. 12- Cmp. SCPM. 

rn3N, rriiPsSl f.(b.h. 'IX; 113, to join, v.esplSnh. ll b ; 
'31 nwi uAui'l) taWei, fetter, &We/, document. Git. IX, 3 
(formula of a letter of divorce) 'Dl.EJll ... 'XI . . . ISO. lb. 
85 b nils xbx...nil.iX....xbl, one must not write (in the 
letter of divorce) egereth with "W which might mean 
roo/ (v. ISi!*), but &c. Keth.64 a ; Y.Kid.I, 59 a bot. 110 'X 
a document stating a wife's disobedience. T.Meg.IV, 75 b 
top ; Y. Snh. 1, 1 9 b top WlpiS 'X a document fixing the value 
of a property, v. ni13X.— P;..nilSX, hiial*. M. Kat.III, 3 
hUBI itij 'X secular, social correspondence, opp. religious 
correspondence; cmp. Y. ib. 82 a bot.; [commentaries: 
documents of secular government, v.riTOl]. Ib.; B. Mets. 1, 8 
■jlta. 'X B1U3 'X documents relating to legal assessment 
and to alimony. 


©A<S, Lam. E. to. I, 21; Pesik. Anokhi p. 138 b , v. TO. 
MPS insep. conjunct. 1) (=~1 13; cmp. "X) prop, until 
that; by the time that; hence, while, when, in the place 
of. Hag. 5 a 1UTT1X when he was young.— Hull. 1.05 b , 
a. fr. WIS or *Otr\ iSSilx in the meanwhile. Pes. 113 a 
.'31 *pS13X xbfilx while the travelling dust is yet on 
thy knees, sell thy goods. Snh. 33 b l^p' 1 *11plalX 
while thy fire-place is lit. B.Mets. 81 a ,*6— iirilx 
in place of stating A let him state B, and A. would be 
implied. — 2) (="1 to) as regards — , in relation to 
the statement &c.' of—. Keth. 2l a masi mix on (the 

testimony) of one who was with him. B. Bath. 159 lj , 
a. fr. XS11X X311 X^lUp there is a contradiction between 
(one opinion) of Baba and another opinion of Baba; 

B.Mets. 18 a fiailX of Eabbah (not to be confounded 

with XS11X q. v.). Meg. 20 a W1X in relation to. (the 
reading of the Book of Esther) in day-time. 

lfc$ m. (b. h., an apocopated form of SIX, cmp. SIT, 
XtVPIX, 1X5) vapor, cloud. Gen. E. s. 13 (homil. etym.). 
'31 p^X 15.18) Xlhffl IX cloud is called ed (destroyer) 
because it breaks the ed (distress of scarcity) looked for- 
ward to i>y the speculators in the market. V. I'W, 

fcHstfl, &n!"J f. (v. Xfi) this, that. Y. Bef. Ill, end, 
7 a , a. T fr. 'X XT! Xlfi -X^rt max X1!l this shows that 
this is like that, i. e. all the same. Y. Brub. IV, end, 
22 a ; a. fr. 

fcHN II (NTX) pr. n. m. (v. XIX IV) Ada-1) name 
of several Amoraim; (v. Frankel Meb. Y. p. 61 b ). 
Y. Ter. X, 47 b bot. Pes. 80 a ; a. fr.— Most prominent 
among them B. Ada bar Ahaba or Ahava. Y. Taan. Ill, 
end, 67 a ; Bab. ibid. 20 b ; a. fr.— 2) A. xV"1, xbtfn (at- 
tendant of scholars). B. Kam. 119 a . Num. E. s. 9.— 
3) a slave. Kid. 70 b . 

*X"J«III'kia,v. xiian, 2. 

S'l^IV' m. (b. h. trpt; cmp. b. h. 1$ prey, a. I^X 
destruction) fowler, one who puts up baits, snares &c. for 
other people's doves. Snh. 25 a (explain, mafrihe yonim, 
Mishn.) 'X lax— '1 Ms. M. a. Oxf., a. Ar. (ed. XIX; 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. ]., a. Ar.) E— says, the Mishnah means a 
fowler (to be disqualified as witness &c). 

"OSHX Sabb. 35 b , v. ^lilX. 

b&Clltf Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 54 d top, v. ^51X1. 

S>S"[N, !^3?3"7!S f. (h. S3SX) finger. Targ. Y. Num. 
XIX, 4; a. e. T ' ' ' 

(STlitf Ar., (X11X ed.) m. (J/1X, v. 11!$, cmp. in, 
lln, pin &c.) fish-bone sticking in the throat. Sabb. 67 a 
'31 'xb against a fish-bone in the throat,. say this spell. 
[For 11 a. 11 cmp. X111X.] 

D71M Cant. E. to IV, 8, v. ''Il ch. 

fflS, Y. Kil. IV, 29 b , bot., read XIX I (cmp. Y. Erub 
I, 19 c bot. '31 hin a. corr. ace.) 


XfflTlN, XSnnK f. (Syr. KB-H xni>11P. S. 933, 
2)11 to sweat, drip; cnip. IX) prop, sweat, xail 'X foam 
of the Sea. B. Bath. 4 a ; Succ. 51 b (Ms. M. xmi^X) the 
Temple building of marble looks like a surging Sea (from 
a distance). Cmp. xn^llx a. ilX. 

■orix, y. }*». 

DlnS!< m., nanx if. (b.h.tnx, naix; oai) red, Cmt. 
E. to VII, 3, 'X ra»Wred rose '(euphern. for menstrua- 
tion).— 'X niS red cow, used for purification ceremonies 

n $1$ 

(Num. XIX). Ab. Zar. 24 a ; a. fr.— Lam. E. to IV, 5, v. 

nrvfcpj— PZ. dwx, niaiix; Y. Suoc. II, 53 d , v. biaix — 
Gen. E. s. 89 ; a. fr. 

DTIiSl (b. h. SIX) 1) pr. n. m.' Edom, surname of 
Esau, sou of Isaac; mostly used as a nom.gentil. Edomite, 
Edomite nation.— 2) fern. (sub. mate) Borne, Roman 
government (owing to the dependence of Herod on Home). 
Ex. B. s. 35; a. fr. Ibid. 'X rYD^a; a. fr. [In subsequent 
ages: Christianity.] 

"D"nS| m. (b. h. iaix) Edomite, Idumean. Keth. 30 a 
'XI ">""iXa "fllBS iS^M the laws of intermarriage with 
Egyptians and Edomites as implied in Deut. XXIII, 8. — 
Pes. Ill, 1 'Xrt yuTl Idumean vinegar; a. e. — Snh. 12 a 
ri>n 'X )mrt i&l Ar. a. Ms. M. (later ed. under censorial 
influences i»1X, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) and that 
Edomite (disguise for Roman government, v. foreg.) would 
not permit them. — Fern, f^aiix. — PI. waiix. Keth. 64 b 
'X "pTlSffl Idumean barley. 

"pl^m., const. Thst (b. h.; Ill) lord, judge. Hag. 3 b 
&ittJSari T te 'X Lord of all creatures. T. Kid. IV, beg. 65 b 
(allud. to Adon, pr. n., Neh. VH, 61) 'X 'fX 'p )*>X there 
is no justice and no judge. Gen. B. s. 89 (play on Ear, 
Is. XXX, 23) 'X iT>p Kyri (xupioc) means Lord. 

TOl"!^ f. mistress. Gen. E. s. 89 ini'hs dS* Spii 1SBSS 
Joseph suffered while being with his mistress. lb. s. 98 
(play on ben porath Gen. XLIX, 22) '31 'x\ 1SrtU5 p the 
youth that broke (defeated the plans of) his mistress; 
the youth whom his mistress broke (having him put in 
prison). lb. (play on vay-mar'ruhu Gen. ib. 23) lartUJ p 
'21 the youth who made life bitter to his mistress (v. 
vers. Mat. K. a. 1.). 

fcWnit Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 6, ed., v. X311XIII. 

"WX, v. JttWTlS. 

■ "'I'l'"^' " l "] ; nn^ m. pi. (Tin) procession. xa^3 'X a 
procession in which an idol is carried. Y. Ab.Zar. III,43 b 
bot.; T. Ber. II, 4 b TobiS TIX; Y. Sliek. II, end, 47 a 
Xa^S X1HX1 (read '31 illlX); Midr. Sam. ch. XIX 
BibYr-llfi Xa^3(?). . 

anris, v . xmix. ■ 

"HiSi (^l" 1 , b. h. nin) Zo swing, throw, pitch. Snh. 7 a , 
v. xh]L B. Kam. 22 a ; Bets. 39 a i*ftx Sl^lX he threw it 
off.B.Kam.98 a 'X fiiilX he pitched it outof his neighbor's 

KHN Y. Maasr. I, 49 b prob. XJ1X or NfflSfT. Y. 
Sabb. HI, 6 b top. 

Tn"n?S read yhW*. 

XWW f.01S=h.«*$h) sprinkling (for purification). 
Targ/NumfxiX, 13 (Var. XW1X; h. text ,112!). Targ. 
Ezek. XXXVI, 25 XtVTtX. '. 

l* 1 " 1 "!^ (=T??5; 1!*=1?- a. T^Tri; h. ilSSl IS) wwZJZ 
now; whence, still, yet; as yet. Y. Ber. IV, 8 a bot. 'XI 
lib nx 'pX art thou not yet up to this, i. e. dost thou 
not yet understand it? Y. Taan. II, 65° bot. ltf> nx 'X.. 
Y. Git. IX, end, 50 d "*b HX 'XI art thou still at that point, 
i. e. dost thou still ask? Y. Peah I, 15 c ; Y. Kid. I, 61 b 
top '31 ^Sdb 'XI and yet he has hardly come up to half 
the honor due to parents. 


"b^Nl m. pi., dialect, for ^ns. B. Bath. 74 b , v 

x^nix*. ' " 

fctEPliS; m. ch. (=h. biix) red, full of sap, fresh. 
Bets. 24 b ", Bashi; v. however, blSi. 

'J^'liS!ch.(=h.'nx, IX; l^-l=h.-t) atthattime,thereupon.. 
Dan. II,' 15; 17; 19.— 'IX? at the same time, forthwith. 
Ibid. 14; 35.— 'X ■)» from that time. Ezra V, 16. 

■Vfm^ v. wf «m. 

M^ v. xiwiix. 

pn& p^i», v. P ^. 

"P'W m. (b. h.; 11X); distinguished, glorious, mighty. 
—PI. tpiix. Men. 53 a . 

"H'Wj NH" 1 ^ ch. same. Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 6; a. fr. 

*!tfT'7N! m.="m, rim, border. Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 d bot. 
leaned a vessel X113M 'xV(Var. X*mxb) against the rim 
of a heated store. 

ttJ'H&J, v. Iffll ch. 

Y'"!^ Aiafcfc, substitute of bpft (Dan. V, 25) by per- 
mutation of letters called ffi"3.n"X q. v. Snh. 22 a . Cant. 
E. to III, 4 d5X (corr. ace). 

"O'lStf, v. XSTftX. ■ ■ 

FTO*]!^, ^"©"Iltf f. (151) 1) mention, esp. in- 
vocation of the Lord , Divine Name. Y. Ber. IV, 8 a top 
H151X yiiisa Xim Xlh to for each benediction an in- 
vocation. E. Hash. 18 b X!"il=lX riiiBS the use of the 
Divine Name in legal documents was abolished. — 2) (=b. h. 
rnsix) memorial offering. Targ. 0. Lev. II, 2; a. e. 

1"l3"Wl > NffllSlNl f. (v. foreg.) remembrance, 
mention. Targ. Ps. XXXJ 5 Ms, Ti . . .; ed. m*i . . . 

b 1 !^, b 1 ']^, b"l^m. (yiX, IS dial.=in, 15; cmp. 
1SI, Xi'iail, bliri) garden-cress, summer-savory. Tosef. 
Shebi.V,'li'(ed. Zuck. >1X). Ukts. HI, 4 'S>. Y. Shebi. 
VII, 37 c bot. iftS; ib. 37 b bot. rtlS (corr. ace.) 

fij^"]^ f- (=^^1^) lighting. PI. nipilX. Y. Shebi. 
VH, beg.' 37 b 'X ^i' sorts of plants used for lighting 


■D18, i 

• [v. 

i. D. S. to Ab. Zar. 3 

DIN (b. h.; ]/"t=i, v. dai) [to 6e viscous, thick, dark] 
to be red, grow red. 

Pi. bl8 to redden, make red. Y. Sabb. VII, 10° top 
.0118 t)18an he who produces a red spot (congestion 
of blood, on a Sabbath). 

Hif. mittft 1) (b. h.) to 5e, grow red. Num. B. s. 9 
(p. 231 b ed.'Amst.) nal8.a (fit-lift) if she was red-faced. 
Hull. 53 b ; a. fr.— 2) to cause to blush, put to shame (usu. 
"paVft). Num. B. s. 4 (p. 218 d ed. Amst.) (play on 131S 
mi!*).— Par*; mi8a the planet Mars. Sabb. 156 a .— PaH. 
JHb/". awa, d118a. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top maixa dyed red. 

D*]fc< m. (b. h.) man, pr. n. m. 4to», frequ. -(imin 'X 
(abbr. 1"i18). Gen. B. s. 17; a. fr.— !=1B 11S&, 1"ft81 81SB 
1"ft8 the (allegorical) book of Adam containing all 
generations and their leaders from beginning to resur- 
rection, i. e. destinies of humanity. Ex. E. s. 40 beg. B. 
Mets. 85 b bot. 

. dt& ama, amx m . ch . (=w„wrt) Mood. 

Targ/l Chron. XXII, 7; 'a.' e.— Y. Maas. Sh. V,' 56 d top 
rralK 8*OJa to mix its (the bird's) blood. Git. 47 a ; v. 
^ftl'l. PI. 'p»18. Targ. I Chr. 1. c; a. e. 

D'TCHIK. m. (b.h.) reddish. Y. Succ.III, 53 d 'X W» 
" tfofltBti which of the red colors is called adamdam? 
— Shebu. 6 a reddish leprosy (Lev. XIII, 42); a. e. 

•jDTO"b< m. pi. (bal) lumps of dripping grapes. 
Gen. B.' s.' 34, end '8 YVb ■piaa 838 we make for it a 
dough of &c, v. W33131, ni*3aiai. 

riDTiSS! f. (b. h., prob. fr. Sal, cmp. foreg.; thick and 
moist) [earth], clay. Gen. E. s. 14 the potter takes sand 
(IBS) which is male (masc. gender) and clay (ft»18) 
which is female (fem. gender). — Sabb. VIII, 5 '31 B)nTD '8 
as much clay as is required for a seal on bag-knots. 
[For the meaning of the phonetic equivalents of our w. 
in other Semit. tongues, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.] 

rPDianSSt f. (nisi) redness. Hull. 87 b a. e. '8 ftXia 
reddish color. 

jlZSlJS pr. n. m. Admon, one of the justices of the 
peace in Jerusalem. Keth. XIII, 1. — lb. 105 a 1815 p '8. 

"jlD _!£> m. (b. h., b18) ruddy, gold-colored, esp. with 
refer, to hair. Y. Ned. I, 36 d bot. 

"P"^. pr. n. pi. Adawii (Josh. XIX, 33). Y. Meg. I, 70 a 
bot. "pal 'si Adami changes into Damin. 

&^P"l!Kj, frClGH^ f. ch. (=h. ftai8) earth. Targ. 

0. Gen. 'II, 5; a. fr.' ' 

""j^N m. (b. h., v. 83^18111; yp, -1) base, pedestal 
PL mjis. Y. Sabb. Vli,'lO d top; Babl. ib. 98 b . Y. Shek. 

1, 45 d bot. 

)"}X, W'W.y.'IK. 
"'l?.^!^ m - P 1 - O Babyl. corrupt, of l&vip^oi, v. 

8p318 P. Sm. 40) chiefs of tribes. ' Hull. 60 b p)>W '8 
ftfflan Ar. (ed. ip3118, Mus. ipJllK) the six tribes had 
only five chiefs (v. Josh. XII, 3). Ib. '31 '8 aih3 record 
the word '8 in thy lecture notes (as a foreign word) and 
explain it. 

kYDT^ f.(|ilX) lordship, authority. Gen.E.s. 93; a.e. 

Jiff* ni. (b. h. plur. excellent) the Lord, Adonai. 
Gen. E. s. 17; Koh. E. to VII, 23. 

^.7^ (^3*0, 'Tj'Wi '8 m. pi. wame o/ 1 a M^/wmZ 
animal, orangoutang^). Kil. VII, 5, denned Y. ibid. 31 c 
bot. 11B1 !153 13 mountain-man, brought forth by the 
mountain and drawing nourishment from the ground 
(cmp. Job V, 23). Koh. E. to VI, 11. 

TIN, 13*aN Sabb. 35 b , v. A 

D*3THH "01SK, read mirna pl8, v. ^13 a. pl8. 

P1^ (/IK, v. pin, pin) to ggweese into, /asfew. 
Part. pass, pl18, pi. mp!|18, -pp-lix 1) fastened to. B. 
Bath. 77 b la 'ppllSMBa Ms. M. (ed. '1X3) when the mules 
are attached to the wagon; cmp. b3B a. bpi: — 2) (cmp. 
MriSJ s. v. ins) holding fast. B. Mets. 7 a b sq. 

p"N ch. same, (neut. v.) to be fastened, stick to. 
Targ. Lam. IV, 8.— Part. pass. pi18, attached, Heaving to. 
Targ. Ps. XXII, 16 -)> '8 Ms. (ed. pais); Targ. Ex. 
XXVIII, 28 ; a. e. • 

Pa. p18 1) to fasten to, to cause to take hold. Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXVIII, 21.— 2) to seize, take hold of. Ibid. 
v. 45 'p331p18il (ed.'Vien. a. oth. 'pIS^l corr. 1 for 1). 

Ithpa. p18ft8 to join, cling to. Targ. Job. XLI, 9; 
15 (Ms. paiia). 

p"l^. m. clepsydra, v. pl8. 

* flNbnpHN, ]^blp 1 lN Cant. E. to I, 11 p ^ 
fta^lft (Var. p 1««>) a gloss inserted in the text, and 
which read teDllft p 8i>8 8pl1 1Kb 'not to be taken 
literally' (that the Divine Word kissed every Israelite &c), 
'but he made them so imagine'. 

"Hi* (b. h., yis; cmp. 1ft, 1ft, U in lift, lift, IIS) 
to cut off, surround, isolate; whence 1) (b. h.) to distin- 
guish.— Den. 1118. 2) (Assyr. v. 118) to darken.— 3) Ho 
strip, cmp. 112).— B. Kam. ll a (ref! to IS Ex. XXII, 12, 
v. IS in H. Diet.) 1"a*s ftlifw \giy\ Ar. (ed. STfllS, v. 115; 
Ms. nil18., corr. ace.) let him bring the stripped (the 
remnants of the torn animal, skin &c.) before court for 
assessment of damages. 

"Il^ ch. same; v. 8118, 811!*, Xjill!*. 

Pa. 118 to distinguish. Snh. 63 b (play on Adram- 
melekh II Kings XVI, 31) '31 m*> '81 (the mule) that 
gives distinction to its owner when travelling. 

"H^ ^"'1^ m - ( h - h -> Assyr.. tte cloudy; v. Fred. 
Delitzsc'h, The Hebr. Lang. p. 15) Adar, the twelfth 
month of the Jewish calendar, containing twenty nine. 
days, and varying between the eleventh of February 


and the twenty eighth of March. In. leap years : 1TOX1 'X 
First Adar, of thirty days duration between the thirty 
first of January and the tenth of March; ^31i3 'X Second 
Adar,. of twenty nine days, between the second of March 
and the eighth of April. Targ. II Esth. IX, 29 ; a. fr — 
Meg. I, 4; a. fr.— PI. tPIIX, 'pllx. B. Hash. 19 b . 

'^% ^T#> $"}% $1™ m. (HX.IlDv.llX) 
a-place -cut- off, .circle (^T), whence threshing place, 
barn; also the grain piled up in the barn for threshing; 
cmp. yya. Targ. Hos. II, 11 'X p^sa at the season of 
its being- piled up; a. fr.— Gen. R. s. 63 the shovel "p&NI 
"»K which upturns the grain in the barn (=prayer avert- 
ing' evil decrees). lb. (play on mix Gen. XXV, 25) 
'Xa Bp3 like chaff from the barn. Ruth R. to in, 3 
'X Xtia^pX "pipA where didst thou put up the barn? — 
PI. SJ1«, 111X &c. Dan. II, 35. Targ. I Sam. XXIII, 
1 ; a. e. ' Cant. R. to Til, 3 (homilet. "rendition of pX 
mt>n Cant. 1. c.) nimxl 'X a rounded place (cmp. plS, Sill) 
of enlightenment, i. e. hall of the Sanhedrin. [With X or 
5. rejected:- ill ">a. Taan. 3 b . B. Mets. 73 a .] 

nia i or tw, ntwi, a"Hw.m.(v.iix3) S £;«, 

Mtfe, 'leather-bag. Y. Mais' Sh. IT,' 55 c xniin llx hide 
of a co w. lb. SttSrfi (Xia) X11X ; Lam. R. to 1, 1 (Wt in 2) 
ptll 11X Ar. (ed. Ill) a hide stuffed with straw. Y. 
Sbebi.V, 36 a top 'SI xa^sn p^XI 'X the leather of these 
bottles is distinguishable from the leather of those.' — • 
PI. xn^iisix. Shebu. 29 b seam 'X 1&^n Ar. (ed. xnmis; 
Ms. P. xhlilX, v. Rashi a. 1.) thirteen bagfuls of straw; 
Ned. 25 a . . , - 

™iIh,tfT^II : oraTpSJl ch. m. (v. 11X) 
[thick-leaved, dark] i) a cedar species, prob. Spanish Jun- 
iper. R. Hash. 23 a X11X (B) 0111p ixa Ms. M. (ed. blinp) 
what is kedros (xkopoz)? Adara. Snh. 108 b what is 
gofer? '31 lax s6itt) '1 iai mils a Ms. . PI. 
(v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.); «mp. Gen. R. s. 31; Yalk. Gen. 51. 
—Bets. 15 b ">3Vi1x SB'' let him plant an edar (allud. to 
addir &c, Ps. XCIII, 4); '31 Sfist i"X or adara as its 
(popular or Chald.) name is; as people say, it is called 
adara because it lasts for generations (XlTX). Git. 69 b 
'X SpBX leaves of ad. lb. 'XT soa decoct thereof. — 
2 ,) S*11X fig-tree. Targ. II, Esth. Til, 9 (to which 
perhaps belongs. Git. 1. c). 

Nnn^II nr. (v. 11X,' cmp. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) flag 
of a ship.' B, Bath. 73 a (for b. h. 05); Ms. M. X1X1X(v. 
Rabb.D. S. a. 1.). 

*Sn"Ti< Sabb.- 67 a ,. v. X11X.— X11X B. Mets. 26 a , read 
with Rashi X111X v. X111X.' 

^I^N, nS"!^ (contr. of nail to, v. -IX) turn 
to the stronger side, whence as a dialectic term, on the 
contrary. Pes. 28 a , a. fr. Xianoa xaa^X 'X on the con-, 
trary, the reverse stands to reason. lb. 77 a 'X Xi^ax rtlfl 
I might have said, 'On the contrary' &c; a. fr. [Not to 
be confounded "with xaiix,' naiix, v. -IX.] 

!tf22 jlNm. (oSpauXr)?, hydraula) player on the 
hydrau'lis, 'organist— PI. piaiix. Gen. R. s. 50 piaiai 'X 

'31 there are organists and flute players in the land (or 
organs and cymbals, v. next w.), and such a land should 
be destroyed? [Comment.— Perh. to be read j' 1 l=a" , 1"iX.] lb. 

i '31 pblSI 

x ('a^i 


& 1 bD~!'lN,,&''b3'T , ~llS! (trnsp.) m. (88paoXt;) water- 
organ. Y. s'ueo. T,'55 c bbt! '11X 'fti SJ1S.' lb. 'X n">.1 tib 
'31 there was no organ used in (the) Jerusalem (Temple) 
because it interferes with the sweetness (melody of the 
song).— PI. "pVniTX; v. foreg. Cmp. b^llin. 

^"^"Tl^. m- PL (v. Schr. K. A. T. p. 617 sq.; cmp. 
11X a. iu)' title of high officers. Dan.. Ill, 3: Cant. R. 
to Til, 9 X131&1X 'X adarg. means governors. 

X2D l"l J&S pr. n. gent. Adroma (Southern) for b. h. 
XaTn. Targ. I Chr. I, 30. ..... 

X5>i"nK=Stt'pT. Targ. Y. Num. VI, 19v . 

Ip'S MlsSl m. (&8po>7ctx<5<;) suffering from dropsy. 
Lev. R. s. 15 ("var. corrup.); Yalk. Lev. 554. lb.- Job. 916 
"TOX (cmp. &151111X a. '15X). 

*S^ri ; l"l*]^ f. (lis) gloryj distinction. Ber. 56 b top : 
(oneirocritic'al play on Adar) Wiia 'xa thou shalt die 
in glory. [Cmp. Y. Maas Sh. IT, end, 55 c ; Lam. R. to 
I, l ('»*>na in).] ' ■ 

SWpTX (=XinitX; tit) diligently, quickly. Ezra 
Til, 23.' ' . 

&lD(S' 1 l*]X=&i3^^x. Tanh. B'resh.,7; a. fr. 

1 n 'Q2iS" l 11^ Deut. R. s. 1, interpret. tnaiS5-(n Sam. 
Till, 14) read ■piiB'lB&X, as Targ. a. 1. 

DN 1 "}"]!^ m. ('A8pia<;) Adriatic Sea. Tanh. B'resh. 7 
blJiiplX^ 'X ^a between the Adriatic Sea and the Medi- 


OTE33T 1 *nX, v. t3 i iBi5i"n.3x a. biajsm-ix. 

Oi3^"l*l^, bi^^^^pr.n.m.Badnow.theRoman: 
emperor (117 to 138) under whom the insurrection of 
Bar Kokhba occurred; freq. mentioned with the im- 
precation niass'pniB.' Deut. R.s. 3; a. fr. T. WSXiflX. 

OTG]]" 1 "'"!"!^, v. e^siTnix a. GiBaxi-iiax. 

""^t" 1 !^' " 1 ^T" l in ™. Sadrianic, 1) of the town 
Adria or 'Hadri'a in' fenetia. Ab. Zar. H, 3 "n Bin (Y. 
Mish. a.- Gem. 'X) earthen ware of Adria (forbidden 
for use on account of some unknown connection with, 
idolatry, perh. suspected to have been used as wine 
vessels before they were offered for sale;. v. infra).— 
2) referring to Hadrian, Sadrianic. lb, 32 a explain. 
'in bin 'earthen vessels soaked with wine, and distrib- 
uted in pieces, by order of Hadrian, among the soldiers 
to be diluted with water for drinking'.-^3) (genit, of 
Hadrianus) Hadrian's (followers). Lam. R. to I, 17, 
v. &W&B&X. 

"_. yb)yHl# Gen. B. s. 23, v. &??}$. 

SSirD ' jlN f. ("p^O treading, stamping the threshing 
floor. T .Targ" Jer. LI, 33. 

DTM'HI&'t Gen.B.s.8 Ar, ed. yB-ffl'^v, b'SB^ai^SSt. 

fir™, ▼. -lfe-w. 

"i&fS™, v. i»t,«. ■ ■ 

brn& v. te-«n«. 

^"I^IS!, ^"OH"!^. pr. n. m. (prob. corrupt, of 
'j2&y& q. vi) Adarkhan, a Parthian ruler. Ah. Zar. 10 b 
(Ms. 'p; oth. vers. -^ailS, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.).— Esth. 
E. to I, 3 I^STIIS. 

SSFP"TTK'f. (1\yi Af.) tracing; (law) 1) legal per- 
mission to a creditor to trace the debtor's property for 
the purpose of having it seised, assessed, offered for 
public sale, and eventually delivered to him. [Order of 
documents, ace. to B. Bath. 169 a , vers, of Maim. a. 
others: 1) SWOIIK; 2) XB-PB the right of seizure of the 
debtor's property sold after the date of the loan (mortgage); 
3) NaTO record of the assessed value for which the cred- 
itor took possession; — ace. to vers, in ed. a. Mss. 1) fctBliU 
right of seizure &c; 2) 'X authorization to seize the 
traced property, denning, position &c. ; 3) xallB.] B. Bath. 
169 a . B. Kam. 112 b . B. Mets 16 b . lb. 35 b . Keth. 104 b . 
2) private authorization to collect or take possession of 
one's debt or deposit; assignment, transfer. B. Kam. 70 a 
Ms. M., Ar. (ed. "TilX); Shebu. 33 b (ed. "lis, v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1.) ; Bekh. 49 a . 

=i^rn^ P r - n ' m - ( n W^g* XVII, 31) Adrammelekh, 
name of an idol. Snh. 63 b '31 'X Adr. a. Anammelekh 
signify mule and horse; v. "HX. 

3HTO, ^7]^ f. (=h. SilJJ*, v. Silt) arm. Targ. 
Jer. XXXII, 21; : a/fr.— Y. Ber'; I, 4 C top mS^I the 
Teflllin of his arm. Koh. B. to XI, 2.— PI. KHS^lS.' Targ: 
Job XXII, 9.— IW^. Gen. B. s. 65.— V. S^DX 

^^Tl^ ™- °f Edr-ei, a town in Naftali (Josh. 
XIX, 37),' another in Menasseh (Bashan, Num. XXI, 33; 
a. e.).~ Y. Ber. V, 9 b top; a. e. 

rrftN f. (b. h.; Tis) 1) cloak, covert Gen. E. s. 63 
(ref. to'' Gen. XXV, 25)' 'XS 11X1'1S13 every one (of the 
Boman people) fit for the purple cloak (may become an 
emperor). — 2) (homiletically, as if rVY-jifc=ch. Sfnss, "nx) 
the threshing floor, the store of grains. lb. "illba 1S13 
'SO IllSal entirely destined to be scattered (winnowed) 
like the grains, '31 mill? [TTO12J] for the Lord will 
scatter him (Bdom-Bome) like . chaff &c. (ref. to Dan. 
II, 35). 


25"te$ (b. h.; l/asi; cmp. a»T) to love. Y. Ab. Zar. II 
beg. 40 cT ttarm her lover; a. fr. wnarvniS: aniK phil- 
anthropist Ibofh 1,12; a. fr.-^Part. pass. ainx, f, KgWiK. 
Yeb. 23 a rVWlBia 'X beloved (worth loving) for her well 
chosen marriage. [Y. Ab. Zar. 1. c. TOrTO read iwanix.] 

Nif. ahM, Hithpa. Sriittirj to be beloved, popular, Lev. 
E. s. 32, beg., these blows (of persecution) had the effect 
'31 atixns to make me beloved of my Father in .heaven. 
Yoma 86 a '31 afiSWia B"B trtfiiffl that the Divine Name 
may be beloved through thee (that thy doings may 
favorably reflect on thy religion).— 

Pi. anx, Sif. airtstri to make beloved, popular. Tan. 
d'beEl. 1, 28 '31 tti'liJ a'injrta snn make theDivine Name &c. 
(v. supra).— Part. P«. a'fflsta popular. Yalk. Deut. 837. 
— Oant.E. to 1, 1 '31 p^pS^aSTCS) latins to make them 
beloved (of God), draw themnigh(to God) &c. lb. toV, I. 
^-Yalk. Cant. 981 nain mass *(> ^fJ^n we have made 
many maiden beloved of thee (converted them). 

JOHN, const, nan:* ch.==next.w. Targ. Cant, VIII, 6. 

/"D/lltf I f. (b. h.; anx) love, friendship. srnffi) 'X 
13ia riiisn love dependent on something extraneous, 
i. e. sensual, selfish love. Aboth V, 16.— 'Xa ni»5>; (or 
139) to do good (serve the Lord) from pure motives of 
love. Sot. 31 a ; Snh. 61 b ; a. fr.— 

5"Qnitf II (XllhX in Y.) pr. n. m. Ahabah, Ahava, 
son of Zera, and father of B. Adda. R. Hash. 29 a . Ab. 
Zar. 30 a ; a. fr. Y. Yeb. VHI, 9 bc . 

■HYtnSS! Y. Ber. II, 4 b , v. •'111!*. 

iriiS Y. Ab. Zar. V, 45 a , read )m. 


'j^irtN, v. in«. 

^n^,v. m . ' 

T^ft^, NTTrT'nSi ^ (horrearius, 6ppi<tpio«; 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Horreum) store-keeper, steward. [Com- 
ment.: fr. mi"!!*, v. X^IIX, equerry.] Meg. 12 b niliilinx ia 
X3X1 thou, son of my father's steward. B. Mets. 85 a 
(Ms. M. nili-lli-IX); Sabb. 113 b Hililinx (v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 4) "0!ti 'X Babbi's house steward (manager). 

"PD - fin&$ m. (Pers. Angra-Mainyus) Ahriman, the 
evil principle in the Zendavesta (Parsism); opp. falin 
Ormuzd. Snh. 39 a 'pXI "Wris -jassa TOlim iXSiSS "jSS&a 
Ar. (ed. a. Mss. incorr., v. Eabb, D. S. a. 1.; Tosef. a. 1. 
Better vers. Ms. F. "|5S&a our half) thy upper half belongs 
to Ormuzd, thy lower half to Ahriman. lb. piattJ "Oifi b"N 
SSixa «ia lasas 'Caiins T-aiins (ed. corr. ace.)- if this 
be so, why does Ahriman allow Ormuzd to let the water 
pass (through the former's dominion) to the ground? . 

"'TIX Y. Shek. V, 48 cl , read "*n. . 

^ll&t m (Sri!*) staying under the same roof with 
an unclean object/ Naz. VII, 2 (49 b ) iWjg SS Talm. ed. 
(Mish. I^ITK,' v. snis) upon staying with them under &o. 



lb. 53 a ftirjK. [Sabb. 90 a Ms. M., v. irwt.].— PI. f. nftinx 
the laws concerning ahil, whence Ahiloth (also nftnx), 
name of a treatise of the Mishnah (of Seder Taharoth). 
Y. M. Kat. II, end, 81 b there are things in the Order 
of Moed Ol 'X ",a )^Vp more difficult than Ahiloth &c. 
—Hag. 14 a , a. fr. 'brtX. B. Mets. 86 a "<rix. 

s^nss; «,- v . «!«*. 

■'^b'TliSl. pr. n. m. 4Wfai. Pes. 30 a . 

n^lnjS! f., pi. rviWjx, v. Wix. 

sS!3 HIS! f. Ahina, a species of late and inferior dates 
(cmp. SWfjX). Hull. 46 b lungs apparently so peeled as 
to resemble XpalD 'X a red Ah. B. Mets. 113 b Xl^a 'X 
a bitter Ah.— P/. "^Vix. Tosef. Shebi. VII, 14; Pes. 53 a 
(m.!). Y. B. Kam. VI, 5 b bot. 'XI Xtttai a preserve of A. 
Y. B. Bath. V, end, 15 b 13VJJO rroai (corr. ace), v. Ab. 
Zar. 38 b ip^ia 'X. 

OT& v. foreg. 

b»l!tf (b. h.), Pi. ii^x (deriv. of bnx) to spread tent- 
like, to cover, shade, bend over &c, usu. with refer, to 
levitical uncleanness arising from being under the same 
shelter with, or forming a shelter over, a corpse &c. 
Me'ilah 17 a llnSpa hs "*& if he bent over a portion (of 
the blood). Sabb. 17 a '31 rittx ns 'ix he caused one side 
of his body to overshadow the grave. — [More freq.] 

Eif. W1W1 same. Ohol. IH, 1 ; 3 sq. nan is 'xn he 
formed a tent, i. e. spread himself, or bent, over a corpse. 
lb. rbs Wjxa n^an the house forms a cover over part, 
of it. Y. Sot. IX, 23 c top; a. fr. 

jTi&, bnlSS m. (b. h.; prob. /nx=lx, cmp. XilX) 
tent, shelter. Succ. 21 b WS 'X a temporary dwelling. 
sap 'X a permanent dwelling: — Naz. 55 a pill 'X a mov- 
able cover, e. g. a person carried in a vehicle over a 
grave, v. foreg.— B. Bath. 27 b , a. fr. fiKalprt 'X some- 
thing spread over an unclean object, e. g. a tree shading 
a corpse; v. foreg. Naz. VII, 2, v. b^nx.— PI. trfsnix, 
"pinix (TV™). Y. Sabb. XX, beg. 17 c '»SB5 to spread 
sheets over'' poles &c. (Tosef. ib. XII (XIII), 14, a. e. 
'X.TOJS). Y. Erub. I, 19 d tVf^ta 'X tents in a caravan, 
rttrraaiB 'X in a camp. Tosef. Kil. V, 25 "piin&t ed. Zuck. 

bWi (bjlllS) m. (Syr. xbnx P. Sm. 125; in, in, 
v. VbrC^rt, cmp. bnia, iffla) l)*a« afcaKe ^to»f, used 
as soap. Sabb. 90 a ; Nid. 62 a (counted among plants 
subject to the laws of the Sabbath year). — 2) a mineral 
substance of the same use (in connection with 1M ; v. 
however Maim, to Nid. IX, 6). Nid. 1. c. rmon xnpm 
)>ru*.m; (Sabb. 1. c. first time bin ed., Ms. M. WiX; sec- 
time XbrtX ed., Ms. M. WW). M. Kat. 17 b ; a, e." [The 
biblical d"^nx a. minx have no connection of meaning 
with our w.] 

&V^&t ch.=h. inx tent, sheet. Targ. Y. Num. XII, 12 
(Var^ xbViX, xb^nxj. Bets.30 b 'X 1Hb Xp he breaks the 
tent up (by removing portions of the cover). Ib. 32 b ; 

a. fr.— PI. ibnx. Sabb. 137 b 'X iBlBiiV extending the 
spread sheets (by opening a door or window over which 
they were spread). 

5<5ri& ^ni&t ch. l)=h. inx., Targ. Job. IX, 30 
(h. text na)/ Sabb. 90 a , v. btlK~2) (=b. h. D^HX, 
rninx ?) aloe (used for medicinal purposes, v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v. Aloe). Ib. 110 b SOSVin 'X ; Git. 69 b Xixiin 'X purple- 
colored aloe. 

^"DHK m. (foreg.) dealer in aloe' (prob. in h. h. 
nibnx, perfumes). PI. fiinx. Ned. 91 b . B. Mets. 81 a . 

^t <0^$' ^"'x -O" 1 '^ pr - "• plf oula v a ( tents ) Edu y- 

VII, 4 / rT». T Zeb. T 25 bTv niX. 

n^bhSS (rpblllX) f. (bnx) a ^rowp of tents, en- 
campment; only in PI. nY'inx (—castra) camps. (Always 
inconnectionwithniil^isaor Xia&p fortifications). Cant. 
E. to II, 13. Yalk. Ps. 624 'inx. Lev. K.b.1; a. e. [Cmp. 

ni'"iS12a a. X1BBS as to versions.] 

^5 «Ao.' Y. Ber." II, 4 C bot. X^m 'X that swine, ib. VI, 
i : a bot. "ial 'X he who says. Y. Yoma VI, 43 d bot. 'SO 
pWi as that (Mishnah) which we have been taught. 
Y. Shek. II, 47 a top Xiril 'X the subject just quoted. Y. 
B. Mets. n, 8 C anan ina px ib ^ni -prix Cjinx) of what 
use is this to me? of what value is it to me? — Y. Shebu. 
Ill, 34 d bot. liiBX 'XI and this 'even'— i. e. why do you 
use the word 'even' ?— a. fr. — 2) this place, where. Y. Ber. 
IX, 13 b top Wx.nxi 'X is wherever thou goest. *3) (adv. 
of time=1' -1 "te. v. "X) thereupon, then. Y. Taan. IV, 69 b 
top '31 "pfixi "pbax eat ye and then drink. 

&<rP"0rilS Keth. 67 b W3MX pip ) v. ri^sn ch. 

"]"nn&<, 1'lin^ pr. n. m. (b. h.) 4aro», the brother 
of Moses. Meg. 25 b ; a. fr. 

rP3"nn.<S| f. (deriv. of foreg.) of priestly parentage, 
Aaronide. Erub. 53 b rwihx 'X fTOJ (play on words) an 
b (in Ms. M. our w. is missing). 

fm, v. T 

"1!^ 1) ptefix, esp. for verbal nouns, e. g. XfYi2S"HlX 

fr. 'pX 2) IX, 11X=£U-au, v. 3X. 

IH I (b . h. ; mx, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) or; IX . . IX either . . 
or. Shebu. 27 a pbtti ... IX the word IX in the Bible text 
is necessary as a disjunctif, (one or the other), contrad. 
from"! which is conjunctive (one and the other). Men. 91 a ; 
X!23Tlb IX the word IX intimates something not expli- 
citlystatedin the text; a. fr.— PI. 'fxix Shebu. 33 b .— pix, 
d^ix, const, i^ix the u<ord IX in the biblical passages. Y. 
ibid. IV, 35 cd . ' 

IK ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXI, 20; a. e. Targ. Pro v. 
VI, 28 Ms. (ed. iX).— Ber. 2 b , v. saV^; a. v. fr. 

IX II (6) the. Y. R. Hash. I, 57 a bot. (in a Greek sent- 

^X m. (contr. of inst, inst v. in, in) Ae, tta*, this 
(only in Y. Dial). [Y. Ber. II, 5 11 top HBpa IS, read nin 
'a ; ed. Amst. isa.] Y. B. Bath. Ill, 14 b I was jesting 
StISS ISta with that man. Y. Snh. XI, beg. 30 a 1a(st)1 ISO 
with him who says— Fern, ist.— Y. Erub. Ill, 21 b bot. i&t 
StliJt iX Still* it is all the same; v. StliStll. 

fcTIXW (X"T;!X) m. (IIS; cmp. h. form 1SSJS),' only 
in iJaite 'st a pile of loose bricks with openings between, 
opp. to solid wall. Bets. 31 b ; 36 a ; Erub. 34 b Ms. Bashi 
(v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.; ed. Stliist, cmp. StlilSt; Ar. stistst, 
derives fr. Pers.). 

D1X shoots, v. ast. 

21X m. (b. h. ; |/"ast or an, v.aast, istan) cited ghost. 
—'St tea necromancer. Snh. 65 a ; a. fr. 

m'X, &G1X ch. same. Targ. Is. XXIX, 4; a. e.— 'St 
Stiaa necromancy over bones, sculls, also for necro- 
mancer. Targ. Y. I Deut. XVIII, 11. Ber. 59 a SOaa 'st 
'31 aiia the necromancer is a liar (necromancy is false), 
and his (its) words are lies. Sabb. 152 b bot. (of the woman 
of En-Dor, I Sam. XXVIII, 7). [Yeb. 103 a 'St 13, v.aast.] 

"j-oix, w"£ia, v. iiast, m«m. 

nTOltf, v. nsiian. 

&10^iX, Di&llX pr. n. pi. Ephesus, city of 
Ionia in Asia Minor. Targ. I Chr. I, 5 'aist (var. lect.); Y. 
Meg. I, 71 b 'list bot. (rendit. of yii); v. StiJilpa. 

bjJIlSl, bDX m. (v. teli) 1) river. Dan. VIII, 2; 3; 6. 
—2) as a pr. n.''Ubal (The River). Gen. B. s. 16 (referr- 
ing to Dan. 1.. c.) '31 ",iB3h11St 'St Ubal is the source of 
all the other rivers. 

XbllX I=»Vast.' Targ. Y. Gen. VII, 10; a. e. 

JOl^X II (Stteist, Sttest) m. (tei) vessel made of 
willow twigs; basket, ox perforated trough; (as to shape 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Calathus). Bekh. 43 b , v. litea a. "jftiS. 
Sab. 123 b ; Snh. 92 a , a. e. ilapl 'St Ar. (ed. '315t) the 
fuller's trough. lb. 28 b the father of the husband and 
the father of the wife are no more kinsmen 'St 13 Stbst 
Stalls (ed. sttest) than is a basket related to a barrel. 

[For attest, stteist cmp. lute, ntete.] 

D^^X, f^lX pr. n. pi. (v. fteast) Ub'Um, 
Ub'lin. Erub. 12 a top (var. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 1). 
Hull. 55 b ditelSt (ed. 'iSt). 

«P55TN, v. stnaast. 

IWSSW m. (yast. cmp. yanii, a. fan p. Sm. usi 
sq.) heavy pressure, overload, prostration from heavy 
load. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 2.— B. Mets. 36 lj mi 'St the 
prostration from carriyng a load up hill. lb. 78 a nna 

'St nana died from fatigue. Sabb. 106 b . [Ar. reads Stssaist, 
cmp. Syr. y 3St P. Sm. 190— corr. ace] 

XPTXlX f., friaist, Hiiaist m. (S|3pu£ov) pure 
gold, unalloyed. Targ. Ps. CXIX, 127; Targ. Prov. 
Vni, 19; a. e. 

"pttQ^> r^j^X m. pi. (b. h. Siesta; cmp. SOIlifflSt) 
a species of inferior grapes. Maasr. I, 2 'istni diassn 
TOiStaiffla Ar. (ed.Talm. B. 'niaa 'astni; Talm. Y. 'ynBistan) 
grapes and ubshin are subject to tithes from the time 
they are called niBISta q. v.— Y. Ter. VIII, 45 1 . 1 top diaJS 
'3"i "iStl grapes or ubshin for a sick person. 

J1X m. (cmp. nast; Syr. StaiSt P. Sm. 53) (rhus coria- 
ria), red berry of the Venus' summachtree. Peah I, 5. 
Dem. I, 1. Maasr. I, 2. Kel. XXVI, 3.— PI. 'pS'ist. Tosef. 
Maas. I, 4 dialltt faiSt ("|iaist, corr. ace. ; cmp. Maasr. 
1. c. V. Low Aram. Pfl. p. 44). 

"\m, v. last. 

Vr\m, v. next w. 

XEDlp^fljIX (oySorj/ovra) eighty. Y. B. Bath. 
X, 17 cT (corrected text) niiaiSt nail) lb nam 'la piB3 laia 

■pn w im pis nam 'il> nasi i"st .pina s6 stoaip pina 
stin last pas 13 .stBSpstniB ds iai .ajama stoaip " ( ms< 

yw$ 1&SSt fnlm Stiana i»a. A bill of indebtedness 
passed from B. Huna (who could not decide or on 
whose decision the party would not rely) to B. Sh/ — 
on which bill ogdoe was blurred (showing an erasure), 
and conta was clear. Said B. Sh. to B. H., Go and see 
what is the lowest numeral in Greek that conta is com- 
bined with. Said he, It is triaconta (thirty).— When the 
party had left, he said, That man intended to make 
thirty (by the erasure) and lost twenty (the original 
having been fifty, penteconta). 

Tn^iX (~m#) pr. n. pi. Ogdor (Zigdor) in 
Samaria. Y. Ab. Zar. V, 44 d . Bab. ib. 3i a 'at (Msi M. 


NJVn^lX f. (last II) prolongation. Targ. Y. Deut. 
xxx, T 20, const, nuai'st (Var. nuaist). 

■nUII*, v. lias? end. 

WW* (^31$) m.(iast, sec. r. of aist, v. 15 St; cmp. 
nais) rounded off, whence a field or fields surrounded 
with a ridge or ditch. Ned. 6 b . Ber. 6 a 'Stb Sttea 13 like 
the ridge surrounding the field. 

JTJnlX f. (foreg.) rounded ditch, hole dug around the 
grape-vine. PI. niiaist M. Kat. I, 1 (Bashi to Ber. 6 a , 
Asheri to Ned. 6 b expl. foreg. w.; ed. niiais). 

"j^lX, ]jin m. (aist; v. foreg.) border of a vessel, 
rim'. Hull. '25 ab ; Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 17 'n. Sag. 
22 b iaaitt its border. PI. fiijaist, T?aist, 'in. Nid. 3 b . Erub. 
87 b (banks). Kel. XXV, 6; a. e. [Hull. II, 9 (41 a ) te) )to& 
dia Ar., a little pool, ed. nais q. v.] 


HT 8 

SSJA "N ch. (v. foreg.) something rounded, basin, disk. 
Targ7 Cant. VII, 3 SimOl 'S the disk of the moon.— 
B. Mets. 69 lj STpl 'S (some .ed. "O^S pi., v. Kashi a. 1., 
Ms. M. i.aas, v. sass) cake of wax.' Cmp. fas. 

OlSf]^, v. &i5i»X. 

iXi^Aioi^m. ■■'■■■. 

IXiH, Hl^H m. (las, lia) heap of stones, stone- 
hill (h. bs). Targ.. Y. Gen. XXXI, 46 (Bab. Sliai); a. fr. 

V. siiasi. 

"mjlX, read iiliais. 

D^JIS, v. fill Af. 

ND^S, v. S3ias! 

n™]JilN f . a knife having notches, v. ias.II. . 

TIN m. (b. h., v. Ges.H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. I^S) wootfew 
poker.' Bets. '33 a ; Sabb. 143 a . 

"w, 2S"1^ ch. same, also fire-brand. Targ. Am. 
IV, 11; a. e.— PZ. ills, SplS. Targ. Is. VII, 4.— Snh. 93 a 
(prov. concerning bad company) 'SI 'S ">in two dry 
pieces of wood and a green one between &c. 

n&nia, anuria, annia f. m, a* r™> 

thanksgiving. Targ. Ps. XLV, 1 (var. snsiis); a. e. 

XTTfilS Ar. SII^IS ed. m. (IIS, IIS, v. IIS: Syr. 
S111S;' cmp. XIIS.'silS as to dial, var.) upholsterers 
stuffing material, tow-cotton, wool. Sabb. 48 a 'sonifis^ 
(Ms. M. *ni!|S PI.) to put the stuffing back into the ' 
mattress. lb. 141 a (Ms. M. S111S); v. Sffl-VUS.— B. Bath. 
58 a 'SI sr^nn (Mss. 'Tnsl) a vessel full of stuffings 
(enigmatical for bolsters). Ab. Zar. 28 b 'SI S131 V S (Ms. 
M. S1151 S11S) tow cotton which has been dyed but 
not combed. B. Mets. 26 a ; "a. fr— PI. iYfl». Kid. 12 a 
^HISI Slin (corr. ace.) a bundle of tow-cotton. [Cmp. 
S11W, S1W; also SI^S a. ypX; v. Fuerst, H. Diet. lit. 1.] 

^./J '• C 1 ' 1 " 1 ' "^i cm P- fnnda=sling and v purse) 
purse. ' B. Mets. 28 b "naill 'S (ed. S^1>lS) a purse of 

"lIKTllK, Toh. VII, 7, v. 1-niiS. 

K^Tl!*, v. s; ? s. 

^miS, read^liS. 

" ! 2" ! ^"7 : 1^ f.(ili,ili) whatever appertains to irrigation, 
sprinkling arrangements; hence tte field cistern ivith 
its purtenances. B. Bath. 144 a (Ms. ^I^S, '^TS; v. 
Bashi a. 1.) if a father left nothing 'si 'S sbs but a 
sprinkling business, what is earned with it belongs to 
all heirs alike. lb. 'SI KKffiSSVl 'S ^Slli it is different 
with a sprinkling business, since all the attendance it 
requires, is watching (which minors can do just as well 
as adults). [Tossaf. ib Var. WHS, watching pedestal, 
fr. ill q. v. Cmp. however S31!|SIII.— M.Kat. 21 a , read 

*&tn^Tl^I f. pi. (v. foreg.) irrigated fields. Targ. 
Jer.XXxi,40 (ed. STflS q. v. ed.Ven. SSVHS). 

'"fctrP^SS II f. (5ft, v. StWiS) attendant, or super- 
intendent of the vapor bath; cmp. ''IS— Y. Shebi. VIII, 
38 a 'S la 1 *!! Zosime, the superintendent So. 

^n^l^i^ f. (yn) joy. Targ. Ps. LI, 10 (ed. Vien. 
" 1 1?)- T 

NiTlpTistf f. prop, outlook (v. p^l) hence pr. n.' pi. 
Odikutha (h. f<Z), Targ. II Chron. XX, 16. '• ■ 

XnTl&t f. (ill) confession, esp. document stating 
a debtor's admission of his indebtedness i% presence of 

•DTW m. (bis) red substance, fleshy substance [cmp. 
Malsj'tilS; b. h. dlS rubiti]. Y. Kil. VIII, 31 c bot. 'Sri 
YttiJSn ya from the mother the embryo receives the sub- 
stance for forming skin, flesh, and blood; opp. 'jsft white, 
sticky substance. Nid.32 b 'Sa ffliS iBISai to exempt man 
from being unclean from a red (blood) discharge, opp. 
to plb white gonorrhoeic discharge. 

yria, ym, fTis, ariwi; ( =h. #*,' v. 

Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; J?1S, v. IIS) ear. Targ. Is. LXIV, 3. 
Targ. Ps. XVIII, 45 i^S (ed. Vien. "pllS?, Ms. }m). 
Targ. Ex. XXIX, 20; a. fr.— Y. Sabb. "VI, 8 C bot. 'S& SB 
good for ear-ache; v. Bab. ib. 67 a ; a. fr.— PI. fails, 
■jiJliS, S*311S, "'ills. Targ. Deut. XXIX, 3; a. fr. (also 
f ;1S).— Snh. 106 a . Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot.; Lam. B. 
to 1,1 ("WO in 1), v. next w. ' = 

fcCTlitll f. (from its shape, v. foreg. a. P. Sm. 40) 
1) leather-bottle, jar (a liquid measure). PI. f ?11S. Y. 
Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot. (to one who had dreamt he had 
four Mefou«=ears, v. foreg.) "Tiim ?pais ■tn'* US ilba 
saiai ^iailS thou shalt have wine enough to fill thy 
own two udnin (wine jars), and two udnin (measures) 
of a garba (v. SSial) besides.— 2) (Syr.'sittS, .S311 P. Sm. 
49, 1061) bath-tub. Ber. 22 a Was sitting S^al 'SS Af. (ed. 
saasS, Ms. Beth. Nath. SUtlXS) in a tub filled with an 
udna of water. Sabb. 157 b S^al 'S.... Ar. (ed. SiTlSS, 
Ms. M. S31S) by'a bath-tub. 

,^3"IW III, SJilS (f.?) (=h. IIS; cmp. \s. h. &1H; 
y&T, S31; cmp. Tyft) foot-stool, camp-chair, folding stool. 
Targ. Jer. XLIII, 10 h^lHS Ar. (ed. maiBS).— PJ. Stalls, 
S^ilS. Targ. II Est. I, 2 liailS 'pmn ■(■pin ?) the double 
footstool of king Solomon. Tosef.Kel.B.Mets.VIH,6 naa 
'Si lOT (not >1!2ia) when it bends in (under the weight) but 
one can sleep on it; if it was originally so' made, nsati 
(not HilriB) it is unclean '1SS S^nUJ iaaa ed. Zuck. (Var. 
S^a^lS, ed. Snails) because it is made like a double 

VnyiA, v. S11W, a. 11SI. 

?JH1W m. (-jH) a crushing tool, pestle , pounding 
club. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 22 ed. Buxf. (better, like oth. 
ed. T^S). 


&CllTi& (^iriln) m. (=Ximn, rednpl. of ilh 
Ar.) wei-worfc, esp. loose fisher's net, contrad. to X^pX. 
Y. M.'Kat. Ill, 81 b top Tl.—Pl. ililix. M. Kat. ll a 
'X V'laiai (Alf. *>irTlX) to plait nets. Git. 60 b bot.. 

iQXH^a^ij, v. ■«««»«. 

T M&$ m. (j/^11X, v. 1D1X; cmp. Syr. Xll, a. fltl Jom-, 
&«m «&£,. P. Sm. 1060) [the noisy], goose. Ber. 57 s 
'31 'X ilXIIH he who sees a goose in his dream, may hope 
for wisdom (with ref. to Prov. I, 20, 'wisdom cries' &c). 
Y. B. Kam. V, end 5 a '31 aiEW 'SI D"> 111X the water 
goose (berniole) and the domestic goose are two diff. 
species (t=ix!>3); Y. Kil. .VIII, 31 c hot. '31 iaia 'X dS 'X 
the (domestic) .goose and the goose of the steppes (wild 
g.); difl 'X DS 'X the domestic and the water goose; B. 
Kam. 55 a Ian 'XI 'X (Ms. M. marg. IS 'XI JUa 111X) the 
domestic and :the wild g. ; Bekh. 8 a . 

•'it$TI!$ or SJ11N ch. same. Git. 86 a .-'X ia duck. 
Bets. 33 a . PI. flllX, illlX. Targ. U Esth. Ill, 8. Pes. 
114 a . B.Bath. 73 b . T Hull. 56 b '31 p"^ 'X limn our (Bab- 
ylonian) geese are considered as water fowls. 

b"m, >bi^,.y3ix. 

M1W, Ml)!*, v. xjix a. xaiixii. 

■©STUs," v. i? ? ix. 

DiOI^IN, v.&i&iaix. 

,;pmv.npix. . 

*5<~n'lH m.; pi. 1111X (11X dial, for 13S, v. Noeld. 
Mand. T Gr. p. 48 sq.; v. Ar. s. v. where QiiaiX=t=iiaiS 
[not tJiiaiX as in ed. Koh.] is twice used to account for 
the etymol. of our w.) crossers of rivers, travelers. 'X ia 
1) crossing, ford. B. Mets. 103 1 ' 'X ia lias XQilX Ar. 
(ed. 111X1 ia; Ms. H. XillX ia, marg. illXi) the- tenant 
must entertain the crossings (of the dykes, ed. the 
channels) in the farm. M. Kat. 28 b 'X "a V*)il Mini 
Sjni xriBir iiaaxi Ar. (ed. '3i xnsniii xiasax Wfli . . ., 

Ms. M. . . Xiaax Nint ia S>iSil, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) 
one runs and rushes to the ford, and on the ferry he / 
makes a loan (to ,pay the ferry-man ; allegory of man's 
carelessness in providing for the life to come). — 2) among 
the crossing passengers. . lb. (according to a second inter- 
pretation, v. Ar. s. v.) one runs and rushes among those 
ready to cross (mortals) &c. Cmp. XiaiS B. Bath. 
91 a bot. 

DmiN, v. isiiax.. , 

TO"M VpP"ON m . pi. (emp. -ppipBX, a. 
•jipiax) irowsers. Targ. Y. I, a. II Ex. XXVIII. 42 ; ib. 
I, Ex. XXXIX, 28 iSplllX, lb. Lev. VI,. 3 (ed. Vien. 

-pBpllX, II 'pp&iax). Ib. XVI, 4. [For 11=S v. IttJllX.] 

frO^TH^ Ar - (ed. fi;H2il!iX) m. name of a mythical 
bird, Phwnix. Snh. 108 1 '. 


lS£l)K, Htt5lK="1&5&«. Targ. Y. I, Gen. XVIII, 

DTltf2™, DlTl1»'(pTm») (zm^) forth- 
with, immediately after. Nid. II, 2 (I4 a ) 'X rhil bs xSa3 
Ar. (ed. dlimx, corr. ace.) if a stain is found on her 
bedclothes immediately after (the coition). Ib. 12 h ; 14 b 
'11X 11SHJJ IflliX Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. Shi, n&l, corr. ace.) 
what is the interval designated by evthios? Y.Nid.II,49 d 
bot. repeatedly OixiFilifi or 'lift. 

rr^airnw, v. xi M nnx. 

*]?Tllltf, "jFj'Tfcf m. (=h. inix, r. mx) full,, proud, 
bright. Targ, Job XXXI, 26 Ms. T (ed. 'jnpr).—Pl. &mp» 
Ib. IX, 13 (ed. Buxt. a. oth. xyniia) 

"Dermis, v. r^mix.- 

^T^FfTlK, 'ft)*, ft^nmj.(ab^Tia)origin, 
reality; v. next w. — 'X IpiS the i>ery reality, virtuality. 
Gen. E. s. 25 '31 'X IpiS the real famine was destined 
to be in the days of. Saul. Cant. E. to I, 1 '31 'X IpiS 
the real, authentic, among the several names of Solo- 
mon &c. Koh. E. to I, 1 'niX (corr. ace). Num. E. s. 10 



■'ttDSniX, OWENS) m. (o5»4vtti«) originator, 
author. Gen. E. s. 16 '31 bl» 'X HIS the Euphrates is the 
originator (ultimate source) of the rivers (mentioned 
Gen. II, 10 sq.).— PI. m. TBiWllX. Y'lamd. to Num. XI, 16 
(quot. in Ar. s. v. ■jiaiinaX) ''al'bxiffli btt) TiSX 153a (corr. 
'11X) corresponding to the number of the originators of 
Israel, for with seventy souls &e— Eem. niiaJPlllX, 
Pesik.Sh'kal.p.l6 b 'X niaix (seventy) original 

"'SOftStf (^b^) f.C|^TX, v. ItX; cmp.nsp) apiece, 
part,u'zya, a market term for a certainportion (quarter &c.) 
of meat. Bets. 29 a in Piimb. they call it 'X xabSI 'X Ms. 
M. (ed. 'X 15^51 corr. ace; Var. XiGIX) an uzya and half 

VtyVM, v. X^itllX. 

x?b*m, v. x> r x. 

S^p? 11 "]^ m. (='W1X; pM, v. XpipX) (compensation 
for) loss, expense of money and time. B.Bath. 6 b ilptt) 
'31 'X (Ms. R. 'X "p xmfiil ni^ia niias) take coippen-' 
sation and do thou the work (do thou it all, and I shall 
pay &c). 



TflN^pIS f. pi. (iat, ati; comp. sat, das) knots, 
fringes (in the weaver's work). Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. ch. 
V, end 'XM1 .... I'niffl the remnants &c. and the fringes (cut 
off for finishing). 

bnWN,y. toti«. 

im^x. : 

*ni":j ! is, ni'QjN f.w P i. <=*«, v. ^2, a. 

t^th; cmp. rrisiisx— nisiiSh) lichen-dishes. Tosef. Shebi. 
VII, 13. [El. Wil! emends rfliJihX=iiinx whereas the 
context intimates a vegetable.] 

SiTSflSf. (Sp) foaw. Targ. Y. Dent. XV, 2. 

*(TWl*0, n £>J1S m. pi. HW, v, tH) a spaces 
of bees, loasps. Targ. T. Lev. XI, 20. ' 

lim,v.™ S a.Wh. 

ND"llT]8 m. (nrix=il-ix) possession, power (h. " ( bh). 
Targ. Pro v.XXVII, 24 (ed.corrupt Xi^hX ; ed. "Walt. XS&ftX). 
SFniTlN f - ( v - foreg.) prop, locking up, hence, fo-«p, 
snare. Targ. Joh. XVIII, 10. 

aFfjTO (SFTiniN) f. 0>. h. m*; v.wai) 

enigma, epigram. Targ. Ps. XLIX, 5 (Ms" xniinx). 

]"^u"liS m. pi. (b. h. STiX) howling animals, owls &c. 
Targ! Is. XIII, 21. 

^HtTiiX o.(*m*)last, outmost. Targ. Y. II. Lev. XIX, 

9 ; v. T ",aix. 

p T rna, wnrm, NFOinw, v. ■,?«$. 

HTVQia'lS f. (S'Ji) do% #ood, propriety. Targ., 
Koh. IV, 4. ' ' 

MEWlS, v. roireut 

Ut2"]8 m. (Das) .1) obstruction; something closed, 
pluggedup. Hull. 47 b nxi"iS 'X Ar. (ed. Must) an obstruc- 
tion in the lungs, a spot imperviable to air when blown 
up. Ohol. VI, 5 we regard the levitical uncleanness be- 
tween the rafters 'X Xlrt lVi&tS as if it was locked up 
(and could not affect what is in the house). — 2) sub- 
structure (filled with earth), foundation. Mid. IV, 6. 
Par. Ill, 6. 

' DialS Tosef. Kil. HI, 14 ed. Zuck., v. V^W- 

WDlN Ab. Zar.' 39 a , v. OMBX. 

Sta^Sta^S Koh. E. to XI, 1, read XBi&iBJX. . 

n *IS, HISS I (b. h., -)/"lX=SX, cmp. ilSX), P«. W8 
fo ffesire, covet. Snh. 63 a '=1 nimbx W6t (Ab. Zar. 53 b 
niiT&xb, Vi Kabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) they had a desire 
for many deities. Denom. rTiXft, Omp. rffi$. 

Hithpa. mxnn(b.h.), Nithpa. wsnj (denom. of nixri) 
to desire, to be seized with a desire. Num. B. s. 10 (play 

on Bistfti Prov.XXIII, 31) the drunken man '31 frib rt^Srji 
will covet blood (forbidden intercourse). Gen.E. s. 51. Ex. 
E. s. 24, end.— Num. E. is. 2 '31 QilXna l^nhM they began 
to express a desire for standards (in imitation of the 
angelic hosts). lb. divide them into standards HXriJB IBS 
as they desired. 

"HN, inlSlI (b. h., ]/nx, cmp. Xh; v. Flirt, a. Ges. 
H. Diet. s. v. ftlxlII) to point, mark. Denom. nix II, 
ixri, nixs. 

Hithpa. nixnn (denom. of nixn, ixfi) to »»arfe, to.mark 
out. Koh. e! to XII, 7 diixn ttixna iinnii he began to 
put up marks. 

^18 m. (v. ilXI) [pressure] woe, sorrow. Gen. E. s. 46 
ilX &6 iS there is no (cause for) woe with me. Num. E. 
s. 10 (play on ahoy, Prov. XXIII, 29) ilX 3X father of 
woe— 2) interj. woe! alas! Kel. XVII, 16; a. y. fr. 

5T1SS1I, , &CTS m ' ( y - ^T^ serpent Gen. E. s. 26 
'SI XP^SS in Galilee they call hivya, ivya. 

SJiNlI, S^PN pr. n. m. (v. foreg.) Ivya, aBabyl. 
Amora. B. BathT'l9 a 'E. Hiya son of E. Iv.— Men. 78 a ; a.«. 

D^is, pa P i. of ixi. 


D^IS, D^IS (?) an interjection (cmp. euav , sua) 
ho! hallo! Y. T Hag. II, 78 a top; Snh. VI, 23° bot. 'X 'X 
'=1 i^ -|1H!"\S ho, ho ! Open, for I am one of yours. 

'"PTS, ~I"HS m. (Ill*; cmp. fin a. (TH); space corresp. 
to V^n, esp. 1) open, empty space, blank. Ohol. IV, 1 a 
toweiT'XS lalSffi standing isolated. lb, XVIII, 10 ITjilSt 
"iSrtbtt! the open space in the court-yard. — B. Bath. 163 a . 
—2) (cmp. b. h. S-nixa) hollow, cavity of a vessel. Kel. 
II, 1 'XS 'pXHDHl "pitattmia become unclean and make 
unclean by contact with the hollow (of the yessel).— 
Yeb. 67 b dViSln 'xb p&i came forth into the lighted space 
of the world, i. e. was born; a. fr.— 3) (cmp. anrjp, aer) 
air, atmosphere, climate, weather. Num.B.s. 14 laaail) 'Xtt 
'si (as one of the elements of nature) out of which the 
wind was made.— Gen. E. s. 34 fi&i 'X .fine weather; a. fr. 
— PI. T'WX blank spaces in ivritings. B. Bath. 163 a .*- 
nililX climates. Gen. E. s. 34 's6 Tpbn rvis a covenant 
has been made in favor of climates, i. e. God has im- 
planted in man a love of his native soil even in bad 

S™, 87% T% Um* ch. S ame.l)e»»j% 
space, air*. Targ.Y.Ex.XIX,17; aTfr!— Git. 20 b X^iJaTX 
the blank in a scroll (margin &c). Men. 35 a 'X itn to 
face the inside of the T'fillin.— 2) air, weather. Pes. 30 e 
'X ins B^ttJ the air strikes them. Y. E. Hash. II, 58 a 
bot. 'jSTOa ,'X cloudy weather; a. fr.— 3) pile of bricks 
with openings between, v. X^XJX. 

UTPIN Y. M. Kat. I, 80 11 bot., v. X'niiX. 

SJ3T1S m. (averta, ipepr^) knapsack— PI. y»T^- 
Tosef. Kel*. B. Bath. IV, 10. 

S" l ~l" l ' Shebu.24 b (v.Eab.D.S.a.). 

^rDitf, SSFlfD"^ f - ( m V reproof. Targ. Y. I, 
Deut. T I, 1 J a. e. 

" SJ^B^SW m. (E)1D) bending, suppression. Esth. E. 
to I, 1^ (ref. to Lam. Ill, 13' inBlUX TO, the quotation 
being omitted by clerical error), [read] "I •pail 'Wa "i 

■>». i-miax 13a ^ax "pail nisi-iax to iax "01a 
'SI FSVra V«D niB^SIKB'weJLsJpo^o means 'the children 
of his pressure' &c, v. Xi'llax. 

bOllS Pes. 53 a 'X bttJ, read VaX; v. Tosef. Shebi.VII, 15. 

bDiii m. (b. h. VSX; Vsx) /bod!, eeftWe. Bets. I, 8 hTO 
bsix'l 'X (Y. ed. ^SIX isiX "ilia) he selects singly what 
is edible and eats immediately; a. fr.— ti5Si 'X the ne- 
cessary food for the day. Meg. I, 5 laVa "i 'X X^X except 
the preparation of food (cooking &c, permitted on Holy 
Days, Ex. XII, 16).— PI. trtaix, p^Six food, eatables. 
Ber. 50 b ; a. fr. Ab. Zar. 52 b 'X iw Y'S rorpT an idol- 
atrous offering consisting of edibles ; Y. ib. IV, 43 d '3X. 

'fcODWl ch. 1) same. Targ. Ps. LXXVIII, 18 (Ms. 
xljSpa).— Yoma 80 b Sin 'X 'X i*ntl}SX \a whatever is used 
for seasoning food, is considered as food. — 2) the digested 
food found in the entrails, excrements, cmp. iS"v — Targ. 
Lev. I, 16; a. s.- — 3-) an eye-disease, itching (cmp. Xttj*ffln). 
Ab. Zar. 28 b 'X rf=nn the incipiency of &c, 'X S)1S last 
stage (near recovery). 

iODWlI m. (isx=V>D) prop, measure, hence (cmp. 
xV 1 '??) 1) a certain measure, Ukhla, (basket); cmp. rte. 
— Y. Sot. I, 17 a 'XI 'n Tim lain one Tuman (one eighth 
of a kab), and half a T. and one Ukhla; cmp. JttelS.— 
2) basket, v. X^asixll. 


$Sl*DD"lcN (perh. fr.r. lbs, cmp. Arab, kalaza, collegit, 
a. 113, &Vp; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. BIS; var. forms: Xjfox, 
. Xbibsix, XDbsiX, XlftS; h. form only m-pl.poftsix, const. 
iQibsix, p&Vsix) levy of troops or forced laborers (corresp. 
to h. XaS).' Targ. I Chr. XI, 6; XX, 1.— B. Bath. 8 a ; 
B. Mets." 108 a 'X3 ipsa (Ms. M. Sttlbs) they have to go 
out themselves to do public labors (not permitted to 
hire substitutes). Ib. 'SI 'X TO' 1&6 are exempt from the 
levy. Ber. 58 a ; Yeb. 76 b 'xa XSi went out with the army'; 
[strike' out 'SO HThl Ber. 1. c, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 
40] ; a. fr.— PI. plfeix, p&ftsix, pt&SlX (v. supra). Targ. 
I Ohr. XII, 22; a. fr.— Tosef. Ber/vil (VI), 2 p&bsix. 
Ber.58 a ; ^SOIDi ""sftsix a Jewish army. Y. Ber. IX, 13 c 
top.; Y. Snh. X, 29 b top. ... 1 X^bftsix the armies of 
students; a. fr.— Cmp. Tijftsx. [Y. Ber.IX,13 a ; Midr. Till, 
to Ps. IV, v. ^ia&x]. 

D2W, NOSWm. KM, NRQ^!* f. (SSX) Mufc, 
dark-complected, freckled, ungainly. Targ. Lev. XIII, 31; 
a. fr.— Pes. 88 a .— M.Kat. 9 1 ' 'X Xf1"0 Irrt Hin Ms. M. (ed. 
our w. omitted) had ,an ungainly (freckled) daughter; 
' Sabb. 80 b . Git. 67 b W^X xri>15i*in a black (checkered?) 
hen. Ib. 68 a Xllifia XaSlX a black spot on a white skin. 

PI. masc. paMX, "'saw, X*a3!ix, X'aMX. Targ. Jer. VIII, 
21; a. e. — Hull. 46 b 'X 'X covered with black spots.' — Pern. 

xfiaax Sabb. i29 a . ib. 20 b xrmasix Ar. (ed. xnasix) 

the black (greenish) moss on ships or puddles. 

$CDW> m.^TlDp^ f. (foreg.) black color, darkness; 
distress. Targ. Y. Lev". XXII, 22. Targ. Lam. IV, 8. 

fcCfiDiW f. same. Targ. Koh. XI, 10 dark hair, youth. 


8FB93W, HOgbw, V. KBHK, KttttK. 

S]31N, ^iPlK c. (C]SX) Sffl(Wfe. Kel. XXIII, 1; 2; 
a. e.— Y. Sabb. V, 7 b bot. "IX a. "%*.— Y. Erub. I, 19 b bot. 
"1&6 'IX "pa; Bab. ib. 16 a 'IxV 'IX fa. Sabb. 53 a — PJ. 
rriBssiX. Erub. 15 b ed. (Ar. p&13X). Y. Erub. 1. c. 'pB^iX. 

&©ifi!$ ch. same. B.Mets. 27 b . B. Kam. 92 b (prov.) 
'SI "sTxiarl l^lp Xian if thy neighbor, calls thee an 
ass, put a saddle on. Erub. 27 a 'XT X33 the upper part 
of the saddle (Ar., besides other var., 'XI X^a5 man's 
figure on the upper part of the saddle) used as a handle 
by the rider. 

("PSDIi* Esth. E. to I, l b 'IX TO ('S^X), v. XB^.TMX. 

WXDW, v. XiSMX. 

bW, bTltf (SlIN), K^IN m. (blX to circfc, 
v. iffi , ' ViS , cmp. diis* , nferiFi) beginning , early season. 
Targ. Hos. IX, 10; a. e— 'X ^a from the beginning (of 
the world). Targ. Job. XX, 4; a. fr.— iiixb to (its) pre- 
vious condition. Targ. Ez. XVI, 55 (some ea.''",nV]l!6). 
Cmp. y=X. 

SDSblS m., pi. ysaVu* (denom. of Sttttiob) unguent 
made of 'incense. Targ. Cant. IV, 11; (h. text '{\ii\>, LXX 
apwfAata, as if y*V&). 

*"I^iS^ m. (1^1, l!si) a tool for hollowing out and 
cutting the writing reed (scalprum), a sort of pen-knife. 
Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. end. Kel. XII, 8 "&1K (corr. ace. ; 
v. Ar. ed. Koh. s. v.). 

""15 |sS (0X0-) a prefix, sometimes separately printed, 
whole , entirely of. Pesik. Vay. B'yom p. 4 b -pa"^:na 'X 
trimmed all over with pearls. Lev. B. s. 32, end I^X 
-p&^S (corr. ace.) all gold, v. 'pDriS'ftix. 

'■ ywbjib'i^v. r^x. " 

Xmi51N Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c top, read XtmVia, v. X^a 

pDTD'lb'ia, y. next w. 

]1 Wl3lbi5< m. (6X6xpoaov) all gold. Lev. B. s. 32 
(variously 'corrupted , v. -ftix.— Ar. XS11S yftlX) ; Cant. ' 
B. to IV, 7 (corr. ace). 


m, • 

'ppi'i'OiS'ix', mostly "pp'WiWift pure-silken garments. 

Koh. E. to I, 7. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot.. Yalk. Prov. 935.— 
[Koh. E. 1. o. second time some ed. •ppifidlViK, corr. ace] 

^■nsribis, ^jrrtnbis, v . fo reg. 

■pTibia , , 


"l^b^j ~^7]'!tf m. (olearius, oXsdpio? S.) keeper 
v of clothes at thebaths. Y.Maas.Sh.I, 52 d top niiinsn rvisa 
'fit'b tokens (in place of small change) given to the olearius ; 
cmp. Tosef. Maas. Sh. I, 4.— Pesik. B. s. 22 ; a. e.— PI. 
ywVix, 'pT^!*. Tosef. Kel.B. Mets. II, 12 bin ni-naa 
T^K ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. 'ibis corr. ace.) the brushes 
(strigils) of the bathing attendants. Sabb. 147 b . Y. Ber. 
II, 4 C top; cmp. Pesik. E. 1. c. ; a. e. V. "i^lis. [Sabb. 
144 a 'Stt d^>3, Nid. 20 a 'pl^lsri . . ., v. "plVis.] 

"]1TblS, v. foreg. a. ynVw. 

tfbbw, v .sws. 

DTIltf I m. (b. h.; v. dbs; cmp. Assyr. dbs m front 
of, opposite, Schr. K. A. T. glossary, a. b. h. conj. dblS) 
entrance, hall, esp. Z7fam, the hall leading to the interior 
of the Temple. Mid. IV, 7 ; a. e. 

U5WII pr. n. pi. (v. foreg., 06Xa(j.u.oui; Enseb. 
Onom.; Neub. Geogr. p. 18; 261) 1) TJlam, (Porta) a place 
in Gilead, and one in Galilee. Y. Snh. X,. 28 d .— 2) in 
Cilicia; v. C&3S. 

ND5W, ^JSb^N. oh. d'blSI. Targ. I Kings VII, 6; 
a. fr.— Targ. II Chr. Ill, 4 dVw, Var. SJa^lS.— PZ. Snails. 
Targ. Bz. XL, 22; a. e. 

I^ZDTl&t m. (Dbx) strength, strong side. Sabb. 134 a 
S3Blpl= 'Sa from the thick to the thinner side.— Nid. 8 a , 
a. fr. maVlS h Ka wherein does his (its) strength consist, 
i. e. why is this opinion preferable to &c? 

wnbw, v. k$4k. 

f&blN, v. next w. 

I^blltf, MJObW m. (s>\ d>ss) custom, training, 
instruction; the Law. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXIII, 14. Targ. 
Is. XXXII, 6 ; a. fr.— Y. B. Hash. IV, beg. 59 b for it is 
impossible for one to go through his Bible lesson 'S sVl 
(read si=3; cmp. Hag. 3 a WVt sb3) without some in- 
structive observation. Y. Meg. I, 71 d top 'S "p aVi not 
according to the Law. Gen. E. s. 80 !=3p 'SI Mat. Keh. 
(ed. bi3p "pS^ISl) and has he received traditions from 
teachers? Lev. E. s. 19 h BS3 TtO tta iJSblS how my 
learning shines in my face! Y. Ber. VI, 10 c bot. p13OT 
'31 rODVll* let us drop discussion and return to the Mish- 
nah. [Erub.67 a bot. 'SI maiBa, read with Msi M. SaV 1 !*'!.] 
— 'X 13 a scholar of traditional law. Lev. E. s. 3, beg. — 
PI. S^isVlS instructive narratives, stories. Y. Kid. 61 b ; 
Y. Peah'l, 15 c bot. 

1^«, Hq^m m. Opis) distress, esp. famine. 
Targ. Job V, 11 jV e. ' 

"iblK, v. ibis t 

*^" l1 ~lbl^ Y. Sabb. VI, 8 1 ' bot., read a^lVhip m. 
pi. (pi. Of corollarium) gilt, or silvered wreaths, a rend- 
ition of msms (Is. Ill, 23); v. bibl. quot. ibid., a. Targ. 
Is. 1. c. 

■plbiiK or p^lS m. pi. (pi. of aularis or aularius 
=aulicus, D. C. Lat.) belonging to the royal court, court-, 
only in connect, with d^D or dilSS. Sabb. 114 a 'Sfl 1153 
Ms. M. (ed. "pl^blSil trt=); Nid. 20 a pilitn d^3 court 
clothes, including white cloaks (^a^J), and red home or 
table dresses (?WJ?, . illMB) ; v. Luebk. Alterth. s. v. 
Kleidung; Becker Gallus, ed. Gcell I, 16. Cmp. JttfiiiSPfi 
a. Sp/1113. 

DIK f. (dS;cmp. d!i\B, dffi) 1) mother. Y. Yeb. XI, ll d 
top. 131 'S the mother of the male side, father-in-law's 
mother; ropi 'S mother-in-law's mother. — 2) substance, 
bulk, as tte cteter of olives (contrad. to leaves); the 
starting point of leprosy. Toh. IX, 8 'S3 S515 mil ds if 
the reptile touched the cluster. Neg. I, 5 'Sil fb tlibil 
the original leprosy has disappeared. — 3) womb. Lev. E. 
s. 14 end, Ar. (ed. ds). " 

(KEfiK f. ch. (v. foreg.) the leaven, flour used for 
leaven. Pes. 42 a 'SI SrTOalp. (Ms. 0. fctanil) the decay 
of the flour-substance; v. MWi3. [V. also S21S end.] 

fcKS'lN «a*io«, v. snais. 

snj^giH anaia, rrNnirr t. ^, Af . ■«»*) ^ «* 

o/ 1 administering an oath, swearing, imprecation. Targ. 
Y. Lev. V, 1; 4.— *Targ. Y. II, Deut, XXVII, 15 inns 
'31 dinalil (Var. QinaiB, ed. Vien. innp corr. ace.) they 
opened their imprecation with a blessing. 

"l/DIN m. (las) estimate, guess, measuring by mere 
sight, approximate assessment; medical opinion as to 
the nature of injuries. Men. 54 h 'S3 WbsjiJ may be set 
apart (for the priest) by estimating (without measuring) 
the quantity, Snh. IV, 5 MSiaiUal 'Sa from mere sup- 
position or hear-say. lb. 78 '" 'S IfiS 'S "px the first 
estimate (medical opinion declaring an inflicted injury 
fatal) cannot be upset by a second more favorable 
opinion (if erroneously formed under the resemblance of 
recovery); v. las — lb. iSSasn 'S the (second) opinion 
intermediate between the first opinion and the actual 
fatal result. 

EYnQW f; same, adv. by guess-work. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 c top 'S p . . . sbffl that one must not judge from 
mere guess (appearance). Aboth I, 16 'S 11D5& il31fi ^S 
in giving tithes do not give (even) too much by guessing' 
(but measure accurately). 

fcU'TOIIK m. ch.=h.n»!lS. B. Kam. 41 a ; a. fr.— PI. 

fra^ f. (b. h. riBS; das to join, v. dS) people, 
nation, government. Ab. Zar. 1 8 a 11 'S this (Eoman) govern- 
ment; a. fr.— PI. niais nations; gentiles (contrad. to 


Israel); freq. dVlSSl 'X (abbr. SiY'lX, fi"X). Gen. B. s. 39 
'X d^SS!!) the seventy nations (in the Noachidic gene- 
alogy), v. yiBiWllX. Ab.Zar.8 b '31 S"!llX "iXS the gentiles 
shall come and be converted; a. fr. — 'X iJil (freq..d1"3S, 
iia) gentile (not Israelitish) law. Y. Kid. I, 58 b bot.; 
a. fr.— 

cs"J"Dia"lstf f. (6|j.oXoYia) [agreement, admission] 
receipt, discharge. [This meaning of ojAoXoYta as receipt 
cannot he proven from Greek literature; cmp. however, 
Sm. Diet. Ant. s. v. Acceptilatio.] Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a 
hot., explaining bilSIB (v. ISiffl, receipt) dMilslalX (corr. 
ace, De Lara "paftiaSst pi. m. fr. 6|XoXo-)<ov). Y. Keth. IX, 
end, 33 c 'IX 31 rvVl (=S1^> rri> mbl) is it Bab's opinion 
that the divorced woman is not hound to write a receipt 
(for her dowry)? 

■pjib w, ■pibaa p esik . ■&. .. u, read r ?^, 

v. ed. Eriedm. p. 183 a . 
HNttima, read *xi?ia ? x, v. x;?iasn. 

■ ^aia Af. of p> 
irrcapms, v. >**. 

JTErlit m. (b. h. i^aX; v. Wa) broken down, crushed, 
low.— PI. diVbalX. Snhi 66 a (ref. to Lev. XIX, 14) 'X3 
'31 -]aS3ffl here the Bible speaks of the lowest among 
thy people (not -pSS »itt» as Ex. XXII, 27). [Ms. M. 
a. Ar. y^aa.] 

jH "IS m. (px, pi) prop, straight line, leader, hence 
(agric.) £Ae border-bed, outmost furrow. Peah IV, 5. 
B. Mets. VII, 4. Ned. IV, 4 (41 b ) 'X3 las SHUSi i6 he 
must not work with him together in the border bed. — 
PI. nwaix, [fr. mpix, sub. runs, f.]. B. Mets. 89 b . 

"jallS, ISDfflN ch. same. Targ. Y. I Lev. XIX, 9 
(h. text fiX5)j Targ. Y. II ib. p ix (read pix). lb. v. 27 
Ar. (ed. 111X), XXI, 5 (of the beard, h. text ypt nXB). 

"jDW m. (b. h. "jast; pX, pi) skilled, artist, artisan, 
professional cook, architect &c. Ab. Zar. 34 b 'X &i">1la 
brine prepared by a professional manufacturer and' dealer. 
Gen. E. s. 1 'X nsia after the plan of an architect. 
Pesik. B. s. 11 '31 'X IJiXtU who is not skilled in climbing 
up.; a. fr.— PL "pplX Ber. 16 a ; a. fr. 

ym, *oa T iss (maw) c i 

XXI, 10 (adjT). T Targ. Ex^XXVI, 
(prov.) '31 l, 51B SIB seven years a famine may last, but 
the artisan's gate it will not cross. Sabb. 133 b 'X ^Xll 
the surgeon (who circumcises). B. Mets. 97 a 'XI XtlSa 
the butcher and the surgeon (of the community).— PI. 
TplX, X;Lp>lX. Targ. I Chr. IX, 30. Targ. II Kings 
XXIV, 14 T ; a. e. Y. Ber. IV, 13 a top, as one uses pro- 
miscuously the words '31 y«S3 yoai&t (read y^aiX)} 
builders, architects. 

SSMSS front bed, v. pis*. 

SlJDl!^, v. pix ch. 

dais, v. mk 



CDDlS, read dipx, v. niaxll. 

n^DHW f. (v. pix) 1) skill, handicraft, trade. Kid. 
IV, 14.— 'X bsa mechanic. Hull. 54 b — irmaix p owe's 
fellow-tradesman, competitor. Gen. B. s. 32, beg.— Ber. 
43 b '31 lb SiBi 1)1X1 iriX J>3 to each man the Lord made 
his trade appear nice. Y. Succ. V, end, 55 d (play on 
be-emunatham I Chron. IX, 22) dhlialXS through their 
skill; a. fr.— 2) the workmanship (or its equivalent) to 
be furnished the (Boman) government. B. Bath. IX, 4. 
Y. Dem. VI, end, 26 a ; Tosef. Dem. VI, 4; cmp. 1X1X.— 
PI. niipsix. Gen. B. s. 24. Num. B. s. 15 'X Xllp invited . 
people by trades (each day another trade); Tanh. B'haal., 
3 'X dli ^33 Xllp: — Trnsf. arts, devices. Ex. B. s. 47, 
end 'XS 1X3 Dipilxn ^3 all the righteous (in their pleas 
and prayers) came with devices before the Lord (as 
Abraham prayed in behalf of fifty, forty &c). 

fcCMQ/lit, IDDW ch. same. Targ. 0. Ex. XXXV, 33 ; 
a. e.— Mace. 8 b ; a. e. — Koh. B. to III, 9 HUaiX "OSia ixa 
nihlplXS what does the artist profit by his skill? 
Y. Git. V, 47 b bot. 'sb yih-flS ysiTi indenture their 
children as apprentices; Y. B. Bath. X, 17 c bot. nroaixi 
(corr. ace). Sabb. 103 a '31 'X nn sees a mechanical con- 
trivance on a Sabbath and learns it. Y. Keth. IV, 28* 
Xi-fflax (corr ace), v. y^p™.— PI. XhllMX, yjplX; 
■jllplX. Targ. Ex. 1. c. Targ. II Esth VI, "12; a. fr.' [Y. 
Ber. IV, 13 a top, v. pIX.] 

v. pix. 

rvsaia, P i. ni 
■ntrp&aiK, ^ 

m£DrlH com. Cj'ax) a thick piece of meat, apiece 
which can be eaten raw after pressing &c. Sabb. 128 a 
'xb in fit to be eaten raw. Hull. 44 b xniiiso 'X a fine 
piece &e; a. fr. — PI. iSM*. Git. 69 a 'X 311J seven pieces. 

iYHafisS f. fringe, border, v. iiia^X h. 

riaia, anaw, saw f. ch.=h. *&>» P eopk. 

Targ. T Y. Deut. XXIX, 12; a. e. Midr. Prov. to XXX, 28; 
a. e.— PI. yalX. Targ. Y. Gen. XXV, 3. Gen. B. s. 61. 
-X^aiX, X^BIX; iBIX. Targ. Ps. CXVII, 1.— Midr. Till, 
to Ps. IX, 6 'XI •Jli-naoia those hated by the nations. — 
Sabb. 32 a .— XnXBIX, XHSIX. Targ. Prov. XXIV, 24. 

Nriaiit oath, v. hxaix. 

1^' 1T$ m - ( b - h -; l/^^S to curve, be curved, 
hollow; to press, be pressed; v. IX, X^SIX &e; comp. 
in, an, IS, SS, as) 1) oppression, wrong (=yis) — 2) false- 
hood, vanity (=153(1). yjiba 'X a cacophemistic adaptation 
of^i\w) (v; yrtl). ' Sabb. U6 a -bot. (after fH513db, 
omitted in ed.) ytiii pS rfb ">1p ))tri* '1 '5 'X I^Xa '11 
(Bashi Ms; I^Xa '1 , v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) B. Men- 
called the gospel falsehood of blank paper (or of revel- 
ation), B. Yoh. called it sin of &c. [Ib. several times 
•JV^S IIS or '5 )1H in Ms. a. older editions, for XhiillX : 
irmilX &c. in recent ed., v.. Babb. D. S. a. 1.] 


1^ m. (b. h.; ]/lS, v. foreg.; omp. 'ban, Wl, .ilplH 
a. next w.) possession, power. Tosef. Ab. Zar. Ill, 16 
(IV, beg.) 131S 1*i ana if he (the seller of the slave) wrote 
to him (gave him in writing) the liberty of his disposal 
of himself, i. e. that the slave, if he should run away 
from the buyer, would not be claimed by him who sold 
him; Git. 43 b 131S V*S> Sh5 (read I^X or "ib). lb. 131S "«a 
what means 'his own possession'? Ans. He wrote to him 
this, 'If thou run away from him (the purchaser), I have 
nothing to do with thee. Ib.85 l \— [Y. B.Mets. I, end, 8 a ; 
Y. Kid. I, 60 e 131S, v. 131S.] T. mis. 

«£Kl, WT1«, W1W m. (v.; cmp. 
13S, rah, -pri, a. mis, fsa) [circle], night-lodging, station 
for travellers (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Mansio). Naz. 7 a 'list ii 
'SI every station. B. Mets. 79 b ; Ab. Zar. 65 a 'xb 'Sa from 
station to station.— Deut. B, s. 6 she dared to bring dis- 
order into "]bto bttS S331S (read S311S or mill*, v. infra) 
the royal head quarters. PI. T31}S, yJIIN. Targ. Is. X, 32 
(ed.Vien.'paiS). [Sabb. 157 b S311S, v. sa'ils IL] [Comment, 
use h. forms mils, pi. ni311S.] 

**%} •? H> x ?™ P r> n - P 1 - ( v ' f oreg.) 4«a»a, on -the 
TigrisT kid. 71 b 'SI S133X Ar. ed. Koh (oth. ed. Ar. 
S'taSX); Talm. ed,S3TlS1 S153 [Var. hisa] Okhbara and 
Avana as bordertowns of Babylonia (v. De Sacy Chrest. 
Ar. I, p. 358 sq. ; Koh. in Ar. s. v.). 

K!D*1^> 'S o'tpa pr. n. m. Nakis Una(l), a gentile 
name. Git. ll a . 

W^ f - (contr. of SVfiSt, cmp. however IIS) 1) ear, 
v. pi.— 2) handle of a vessel. Git. 69 b . Sabb. 108 a top — 
3) lobe of a lung. Hull. 59 b ; a. fr.— P/.131S. Ib. 38 a 
'S illtS moving the ears (as a sign of life in the last 
stages). Yeb. 60 b "paisa . . . S3pi&» we shall get B. . . 
out of thy ears, i. e. we shall make thee give up thy 
authority (a threat of excommunication). Gen, B. s. 45 
lam "pais thy ears are those of an ass.— Hull. 47 a 
'31 131S 'Si the lungs have five lobes; a. fr. [Later Habb. 
literature uses SHIS, v. SIS, fpr the large lump from 
which the lobes branch off.] V. "paw. 

ncsj IcS f. (iji- cmp. Sixain) i) oppression, wrong. 
B. Mets. 58 b fiaa 'Sa di*Q1 'tisaix hVlia the wrong you 
do by means of words (wounding one's feelings) is worse 
than that by pecuniary imposition. Ib. 59 a dblsV 

'51 IrifflX r\S3isa Sm one should always be on his 

guard not to wound his wife's feeling, for as her "tears 
are frequent MSIla Wjsaix so, is her sense of wrong 
(sensibility) deep. — 2) (law) imposition, overreaching, 
fraudulent representation (which invalidates the trans- 
action or requires redress) ; hence, redress incase of over- 
reaching. Y. B. Mets. IV, 9 d top, a. fr. whoever concludes 
a bargain '3l 'S lb pXffl HJaa with the provision that no 
legal redress shall be resorted to, is notwithstanding 
entitled to redress. — Denomin. Verb (mis), Hithpa. miSflfj. 
to be imposed upon, to feel one's self overreached. Y. B. 
Mets. IV, 9 d top. 'SI misna ISianUJ m>1Da if the seller 
sues for undue advantage taken of him, he has' the 

privilege of redress, provided the advantage amounts to 
one fifth or more of the price charged; if the buyer sues 
&c. [In Babli the denomin. verb is Sips, v. "OX.] 

NTPfttiiN, v. srwais. 


*»tTlK3iN, KQWilJItfc ch.=h.nw&, oppression, 
tyranny. 'Targ. Ps. LXXIV, 20 (ed. Ven. Srtsaix; h.. 
text nisa !). V. xrwix. / 

8ETttl«, ^n:^,v.^as. 

l"U"]i$I to oppress, v. ^as, and ns3 r ix. 

njl^II f. (v. lis) possession, title of possession, 
deed. Gen. B- s. 79 (ref. to the letters rp ihfiu^Bp Gen. 
XXXIII, 19) '31 'srt ama's"fi Y'li Yod He (i. e. the 
Lord) writes the deed; the Lord bears witness to the 
deed.— PI. niais. B. Bath. 52 a '31 imBlDI 'S deeds of 
purchase and other documents were issued in his name. 

ttlN, v.^aisi. 

. iDl'Stf (b. h.) pr. n. pi. Ono, "W. N. W. of Jerusalem. 
Cant. B. to II, 2; Lam. B. to I, 17. Snh. ll b '■'» 1B">X 
Ms. M. (ed. t)1S) ; a. fr. V. iJiKII. 

•DIDIX, patap 's (v. pampas ; ovos) the pulley of the 
crippled. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C . (Var" OiaiM.). 

&TE3^nS (8vt<04) really! verily! Lev. B. s. 33,. 
explain. S12H (Dan. Ill, 14); (Ar. &1D3S, some ed. O^MIS,. 
corr. ace); Num. E. s. 15.&1B5K (Tanh. Noah 11 naSH). 

rPbWlltf Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 6 ed. Zuck., ed. 
talbtaSX, Var. 'lbB2x prob. rVfctaXS q. v. 

- "OIK, fiJia, v. nsais. ' 

13i!tf I n^ais (iais) f.=mis," cmp. srmaix. [The phon- 
eti* coincidence with <5)V^ produced the peculiar use 
of our w. in connection with Greek terms, in the Palest, 
literature.] Gen. E. s. 2 beg. '31 TQitaai Sins 'Sa in one 
bill of sale and for the same price. Y. Pes. IV, 31 b hot. 
'31 STl 'S3 piDVTlOia (read '61H&T0) it is a lease with a. 
title of possession (for the term), and is (for the time 
being) an acquisition like a purchase. Y. Kid. I, 60 c 
031S a. 131S); a. e.— PI. nidi's. Gen. E. s. 84, end 
'31 'S, rta3 how many deeds were written for him (how 
many times was he sold)?, cmp. "IS. [Midr. Till, to Ps. 
CIV, 24; Pesik. Bosh. Hash. p. 151 a , v. maiS.] 

h Jl^II 'S ma pr. n. pi. (Beth) Oni in Palestine, 
prob. identic with 131S. Tosef. Shebi. VII, 14 'S rvs 'iJ6 
(ed. Zuckerm. ^S^tlia, ^.a^ria, Var. mifl) the unripe 
grapes of B. 0. (Beth Yanai).— Y. Git. IV, 46 a -i1&s"'S 
'31 if a slave fled to Oni, he must not be extradited (be- 
cause 0. is a Palestinean place). V. ^f} 3. 


«^1», N^Tl*, ^3** m. (prob.) of Oni, v. 
foreg!,' or pr. n/m. C%ee (=Onias?). Y. Orl. I, 61 a top; 
Y. Sabb. I, 3 C ; ib. (l XH3X B. Joshua Onia, an Amora. 

arWMtf, y. xmxaix. 

»"P311* f. (=nX3iX; cmp. Ezek. XL VI, 18) prop. 
oppression, wrong, hence confiscation, dispossession. PI. 
niiaiX. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 24 (play on oniyoth ibid.) 
'31 'Xn l^X those are the oppressive measures which 
they inflict upon Israel, which they order to be written 
out eveny day. *Pesik. B. Hash. p. 151 a ; Yalk. Jer. 312 
miatl fviiafrl confiscations and fine's (Yalk. Gen. 121 ; 
Lev. B. s/29, a. e. mi3l31X, v. Buber Pesik. 1. c. note). 

i*^3Ta , v. «#*; 

"^"^H*; '» ma pr- n. pi. Beth-TJnyaki, Bitliynia, in 
Asia Minor (cmp. Neub. Geogr. pp. 262; 422). Yoma 10 a 
'X m>a mtam (Ms.M.ipSIX indistinct; oth.Var., v.Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) Tubal means B. Ab. Zar. II, 4 (29 1 ') 
cheese of 'X ma (Ms.M.ipatX, ipiJi!*, Mish. Nap. -91151m, 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). Tosef. Shebi. V, 9 ipii3in (ed. Zuck. 
ipijifl mai flJiaa read 'n 'i roias) ; Tosef. Ab. Zar. IV, 
13 ipi-Wl mi (Var.- iSpiiin). Cmp. ftiam a. Xp T Xi3X. 

- "p31l* m. pi. (prob. pi. of XMIX ear) bundles of wet 
flax. Sabb. I, 6. Y. Shebi. V, 36" bot.; a. e. [Rashi a. 
Tosaf. to Succ. 12 b y31X as a plur., v. Babh. D. S. a. 1.; 

cmp. -pax.] 

n 3ll* (01311*) 'm. (056t) tyrannus, lord, ruler. 
Targ.Y. Ex. II, 16; XVIII, 1. . 

fc$rP31s* f. ch.=h. n;ix title of possession, deed. Y. 
Taan. IV, 6 9 a '51 'X ^rfWlini they would send the (forged) 
deed of sale to the steward; Lam. B. to II, 2 (corr. ace). 

S*rP3is* or SSrfOilS f. ch.=h. moil* oppression, 
wrong. B. Bath. 22 a '31 ndb'Ql 'X the wrong inflicted on 
the king of Edom. Lev. B. s. 33, beg. (ref. to Amos 
VII, 7, v. ^3X1) 'XI N-nti) bS upon the wall of (i. e. 
watching over) the wrongs (in sale and purchase); cmp. 
B. Mets. 59 a . 

PJ311* rea( i Tr^P m - pl- (^OTX 7 !' concha) purple 
shells. Targ. Y. Num.' XXXIII, 8 ; cmp. iSMp. 

Tr031!* Tosef. Shebu. VI, 4 ed. Zuck., v. i^aaX. 

^I!*, "nMlll* m. pi. (prob. a nom. gentil., 
from a trading station named -0311X,a compound of X311X 
[a. IS!*?]; cmp.X3 T lX) Avankreans (?), traders. Succ. 30 ab . 
[Ar. identifies our w. with 1J313X which is not in agree- 
ment with the context.] 

}31tf, v. 13* 

i*331s*" Deut. B. s. 6, read StiTiSt. 

DTODIS* Lev. B. s. 23, v. NSiSit. 

0311* m. (&3X) compulsion, force; unavoidable inter- 
ference, accident Git. 30 a , a. e. "pBiaa 'X fX the plea 

of unavoidable interference cannot be raised in letters 
of divorce (to which a condition is attached). Y. M. 
Kat.III,8i d hot., a. e. toil* nana through no fault of his. 
— PI. ftibaix, -pbaiK. Ned. Ill, 1, a. e. 'X 1113 vows on 
conditions unavoidably unfulfilled. 

0311* m. ch. (v. foreg.) wrong, oppression. Targ. Is. 
LVIlt, 9; 13. 'SO liia offensive (violent) words (h. text 
-)1X, cmp. nxsix). 

1*0311* in. ch. (=h. &3ix, v. foreg.) force, wrong, 
robbery; accident. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXI, 12.; a. fr.— 
Git. 34 a . 'X dltUa IX shall we take into consideration 
the possibility of an unavoidable accident 1—Pl. x'toil*.. 
Ned. 27 b JCbai»1 'X (read ii"sSiai, Bashi XD31X) accidents 
which may be foreseen. 

1*0315* m., pi. -jibji^XbW. 

1* l 031Nl, 'X p"iS a corrupt, of bibiaipilB pr. n. pi. 
"" 'n Mysia, renowned for its marble. Esth. 

b"©31!*, TS31* m. (bt») a wooden vessel for the 
reception of refuse', remnants of victuals &c. Tosef. Kel. 
B. Mets. V, 10. Cmp. next w. 

• ab$31tf , ''bEMW, v. i^ax. 

S*p3ll*I XpaiS m. (pas) neck, meat from the neck. 
Sabb. T 140 b 'X ed.' (Ar. 'S; Ms. M. XpTO). Ber. 44 1 ' '2i ed. 
(Ms. M. 'X). 

S*|53WlI m. foofc, v. ipasifct a. i^331X. 

^blp3W, v. iBpaw. 

OlpOll* m. (07x04) 1) 6wft, pile; (in philosophy) 
a primitive body. Tanh T'rum. 11 bi» bl» 'X the body 
of water; UJi* !stt> '!* (some ed. blSpaiX). 2) trouble, diffi- 
culty, painstaking. Gen. B. s. 12 (ref. to Neh. IX, 6 sq.) 
'31 nin 'xn b3 (ed. dipaix, corr. ace.) what is all this 
painstaking (creating the universe &c.) for? Ans. Because 
'thou art the Lord who hast chosen Abraham' i. e. for 
the sake of establishing religion on earth; cmp. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CIV, 18. ' 

""j^ll*, 1*J231S* f. (v. XpasiXI, a. i^paixl) 1) neck- 
shaped, hook, grapple.-— PI. ni*p31X (nixpttX). Kel. XII, 
2 (Var. in Mish. ed. niil?p3*IX). Tosef. ib*B. Mets. II, 4 
(disting. from mij^MK).— [2) for Xip3lX, v. next w.] 

• ^^j?311* f. (uncia, ouyxia) 1) ounce, one twelfth of a 
litra. T Gen. B. s. 17 S)bS blB 'X an ounce of silver. Lam. 
B. to I, 1 ("TO!"!) Xp3-lX 'p ',ia&3 (corr. ace.) they bought 
ounce-wise (pepper).— 2) trnsf. a trifle, particle. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 c top there is not a generation in which there is 
not (to be atoned for through suffering) '31 nnx ipaiX 
(read nnx XipSIX) a particle of the sin of the calf- 
worship. Ex. B. s. 43, beg. XiplX (corr. ace). Gen. B. 
s. 29; Yalk, Gen. 47; Job. 908 (play on ip3 iX Job. 
XXII, 30) '31 nmn nnx 'X only an ounce (of merit) did 
Noah possess; v. xmaiaiX.— PI. WVapaiX. Gen. B. s. 79, 

end (play on the letters of rrjifflp Gen. XXXIII, 19) 

&1&6D . . b^sbb . . rYnpSlK ttXaa for one hundred (p) 
ounces (of gold) &c. V. &PpW. 

Dir^ia, v.Di^p^. 

iODlb^lS, v. hm^s*. 
b)53W, v . i>t?swn. ' . 

JSOjpinJK oh.=h. ^pS!«*I, hook, &c. Targ. Job. XL, 
26.— PI. 'yb%m. Targ. Y. Ex. XXVII, 10. Lev. (ed. ill). 
Targ.Ez.XL,43 1%>31S0]%53S).— yilbpiiK. Targ. 
Y. Lev. X, .5. Targ.' Esth. I, 6.— Targ. Y. IIEx. XXVI, 

37 piinilbpSX their hoots. 

Hl'l^W plur. of AJ5MM. 

Jib^li*, v. ^pjwu. 

DibpDlS, DlbjpD^ pr. n. m. (Ocellus?) Onk'los, 
the alleged translator of the Pentateuch into Chaldaic, 
freq. surnahied ISrt the proselyte; often identified with 
Aquila, the alleged author of a Greek -translation of the 
Bible; v,bV<pS. Cmp. Meg. 3 a ; Ab. Zar. ll a , with Tanh. 
Mishp. 5. Cant. E. to I, 11 ^Vlp^ q. v. • 

N^DlbpJIN, v, tPb^SK. 

"'bjpDW I, %53N f. (p3X, with *> format. ; = ip31X; 
corresp. to b. h. "W; Greek adapt. dq-/.oXir), LXX Ex. 
XXVI, 10; cmp. 131S* as to contact of the two languages) 
yvop. little (camel's) neck, hence 1) hook, rack. Kel. XII, 2 
•pBt-O b® 'X Ar. (ed. trrfipSlK, "pbpSIX with adject, in 
the sing., corr. ace.) the carriers' hook attached to 
their yoke, pole &c. lb. 1BS11 bw 'X the hook of the bed- 
stead (used for fastening the girths to the posts); blU 
•psrtpj the rack of the bed-curtain, v. 'ptrtpS. lb. 3 
diVhlsaiB 'X/ hook attached to walls.— T'bul Yom IV, 
6 Srffliip biibtB '3X1 and the hook (attached to the 
now broken yoke) remained unimpaired ; a. fr. — PI. 
nixVp31X, 'p3X, WbpSlX ("pbpSlX). Tarn. Ill, 5; Mid. 
III, T 5; a. fi\— Kel. l'.'c; Tosef. ib. B. Mets. II, 4; v. 
ip31X. — 2) [cmp. ayxaXU in S*.] the load carried on 
the, hook, the farmer's load of sheaves or bunches; cmp. 
ipsibn. Tosef. Maas. Sh. IV, 10. 'Xh bi the whole load. 
[Ib. 11 f'blpSlK, -£p3lX, read with ed. Zuck. iVlSSitf].— 
3) Trnsf. (medic.) bent cartilage, esp. the cartilage (cart, 
ensiformis) at the end of the sternum which, being bent 
inside, presses on the stomach and creates nausea &c.' 
Ab. Zar. 29 a '31 'X 'ji'bsa you are permitted to lift the 
cartilage on the Sabbath (by means of a bandage &c). 
Ib. '31 'x ixa what unklay is meant? Ans. the cartilage 
in front of the heart; v. N3aiFlb">X. 

^bjp^^II, bp31X, rtpS, -bpil f. (bp3, Vp, cmp. 
esp. II Sam. VI, 20 to 22) tte %JW garment, whence, 
a name for the easy dress worn in the house and, under 
the cloak, in the street, but in which it was unbecoming 
to appear in public. [Cmp. II Sam. 1. c. a. Num. E. s. 4 ; 

a: e.] Y. Yoma VI, 43 d top rtep31X, fibpS, for which 
Men. 109 b i*)p31X. Snh. 82 a he took off the point of his 
spear ibp31Xa fthiJill (some ed. "<b — ) and put it (hiding 
it) in his undergarment. M. Kat. 24 a '31 'xa V^BO bax 
(Ms. M. iax b-naa) a mourner may walk on the Sabbath 
within the limits of his house (garden &c.) in the easy 
dress (showing the rent on account of a death in the 
family; Bashi). Sabb. 120 a (garments to be saved from 
fire on a Sabbath) ^p31X; Y. ib. XVI, 15 d top ^5.— 
Meg. IV, 8 (24 b ) 'X mi; (read as) Y. ib. a. Mss. rVa 
'X T* the sleeve of his under-dress. [Tosef. Maas. Sh. IV, 
11, v. foreg. 2.] 

OTa^TN, v. Bwisip*. 

fcODbjW v. KjtAjM*. 

01^ Ar. ed. pr., Ms. blX q. v. 

^blltf m. pi., prob. iJSi&ia, name of a tribe. Targ. 
Ps. CXX, 5, v. X^bix (some ed. 1X31X). 

^bltSDI^ Midr. Sam. ch. XI, v. -bum. 

"WN, NF&1N (or 'IN) m. pi. ( jA]X soft, into IX;' 
cmp. ^X, t)3X; also bSX) nose, nostrils. Sabb. 67 a iblXXl 
NrWlSI and on the nostrils of the young lioness. B. 
Bath. 73 b niai m i-ibax mbixa !-rt>5> pitei Ms. B. 
(ed. "tsixa xsid srbax rrt xarm, Ms. M. nbax, Ar. ed. 

Koh. incorr., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) into whose nostrils 
a 'mud-eater' (worm) entered, and the fish died. Pes. 
112 a '3l'xiblXX Nil (Ms. M. a. Ar. XSfi-X) putting the 
hand to the nose is a step to fear (indicating anxiety). 
Hull. 67 b S-JiiblNa i^iisi and they (the worms) creep into 
its nostrils. 

n D"l!tf, v. X*blX. 

50015$ Pes. IIP, v. X^bX. 

fc^DIStf Targ. I Chr. Chr. I, 5; a. e. read with ed. 
Bahmer X^bla; cmp. Yoma 10 a ; Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot. (h. 
text T$a). T [Targ. Y. II Gen. X, 2 X^b3X; Gen. E. s. 37 
.«W6t '(misplaced); corr. ace] 

i^OW f. a. certain portion of meat, v. X^iix. 

fc^&W (""OIS) f. (ouaia) substance, (landed) prop- 
erty, farm, estate. Gen. B. s. 49 ibix (corr. ace.).' — Num. 
B. s. 23 '31 'X "ja fllflSBJ maid-servants from another 
estate. Y. Taan. IV, 69 a ; Lam. B. to II, 2 'iX (corr. ace). 
Lev. B. s. 34.— PI. S-iiiWX. Ex. B. s. 20. Ch. pi. 'jXidlX, 
'XiiplX. Lev. B. s. 3, beg. he likes to be called 'bx iTO 
(corr. ace.) lord of many estates; Koh. B. to IV, 6 &XiiblX 

" 1 0"0" l 0*ll$ Y.Ab. Zar. V, end, 45 b 'X b l,read ibi£sbi3«T 

N'mDia Gen.B.s.1- 

■'blDOW, v. w& 


- WD&W m, pi. &ODJ2&1N (ddS=d&HII) [the 
glistening.] surname of an Egyptian tribe. Targ'. Ps. 
LXVIII,32 (Var. S*3aMH, a. Mails the dark.). Cmp. LXX 
XacjAO^iEiiA, for bVlbbs; Gen/x, 14; v. Fiirst. H. Diet, 
s. v. nbtO.; Ges. H. Diet. s. v- tiffin. 

. xxm, v. wwj. 

fj&W m. (b. h. &.DX, d&S) gathering in. Snh. 94 1 ', 

NT^D^, v. S^Q&S. 

ISCfOj^pllK, NrpD'Ipp f. (p&3; cmp.SSptta) aseewrf- 
inff, landing. 'Sn xbaS landing board. Snh. 67 h dpi 
'SI 'SS Ar. (ed. '3p&1T '3 dpi read with Eashi VlpOl, 
Ms. M. srrap&iS, oth. var. v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) and he 
found himself standing on a landing board (ed. and there 
stood before him &c). 

^pitf I (=v|S) too, also. (Yer. Dial.). Targ. Y. Num. 
XVI, 13; a. fr.— Y. Dem. I, beg. 21 c S3F1 'S here too. 

S]i» II n 

nature, v. ' 

"^(tf, "^JDIIS f. pi. (=^35> Dan. IV, 9; cmp. b. h. 
t|3S, a. sa^S, SS3S) branches, esp. rfry toiys, spray-wood. 
Ber. 44 b sn^d-iB 'S twigs of Persian trees. Hull. 105" 
'SI &OJ1S Ar. (ed. ""BIS) a bundle of twigs. B. Mets. 30 h . 
Git. 61 a "'"'SIS ill!) (Ar. "©IS) threw twigs down (which 
he cut off), and dates fell off (v. Tossaf. a. 1.). 

THIS f. (C]iS m.) (b. h. O^BS; v. SBS; cmp. Sfl'SI) 
face, looks, whence, nature, disposition, ways &c. Y. 
Shek. I, 45 d '31 bw 'S bs Tm$b il3"> fins 'pS You cannot 
understand the nature of that people. Lev. R. s. 30 
in bUJ IBIS Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. pr. IBIS, ed. 1BK) David's 
ways. Y'lamd. Vaethh. (quot. in Ar.) 'who is that nation' 
rVSTvbl* )>W ISIS nsili STHIJ Ar. ed. Koh. (oth. ed. iBIK) 
that knows the ways of her God (what he desires &c); 
v. Yalk. Deut. 825.— Gen. B. s. 14 end 'Srt IT nal!53 
n'shamah (breath, soul) means the disposition, character, 
as people say SSB SfY'Sisn the good nature! 

iO&i&t (fcOSifO f. (SpS; v. t)3S; b. h. 2BS) what 
is blown off, foam, froth. Ab. Zara 2fr a Kail 'S^s Ms. 
M. (ed. sras-i, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1., a. Ar. ed. Koh. 
iSS) as the foam of the Sea [river] ; (Ar. as logs c 
river, v, SB&1S, ''SMS). --lb. 70 1 ' 'S &«3ip3 rmsi (Var. S 
ft, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 20) she took the froth off. 
Hull. 105 b 'S (Ar. fl). 

j"SlfS m. (oitiov) poppy-juice, opium. Y. Ab. Zar. 
II, 40* top S133& 'S 'jflS an opium drink (prepared by a 
gentile) is dangerous. 

^tm twi 

fcCSlStf (S^BBIS f.) (-;SS) destruction, 

[.. to T Ili, 13 (expY IPS 

(Var. iT^iSiS) the children of those he laid in ruins; 
v. S^a^S.' [Differ, in Esth. B. to I, l 1 ', v. SS^BIS a. 

"pTBlltf Tosef. Ter. II, 4, v. d^ViSS. 

m. pi. (uTrojxvrjjxaTa) public records, acts. Ex. B. s. 28 
a king wanted '31 yin 'S mfflsb to pass acts without con- 
sulting the lieutenant-governor (hyparch). 

"pTj?*©"lltf m. pi. (officialis, 6<p<pixtaXioc) subord- 
inate officials, constables. Y'lamd. Balak (quot. in Ar. s. 
v. Vibo.) 'IS ed. Koh. lb. 'pipiSS hVffi (con-, ace.) he sent 
constables (for her son). 

StfrPS'"^ f. ch. (=h. -«is) nature, disposition. Gen. 
R. s. 14, 'end, v. ^SIS. 

teia, psta, v. •*«*. 

3&1S m. (b. h. ]=BS) darkness. Gen. R. s. 89, beg. 
v. n£ss. 

^SIs^ m. (b. h.; IBS, ]/>, v. SlJS) 1) wheel— 2) (with 
ref. to Ezek. I, 1 5) pr. n. Of an, name of an angel. Hag. 
13 1 '.— PI. D13S1S. lb. 12 b . B. Hash. 24 b .— [In liturgic 
literature di3S1S and "BIN are used as the names of a 
section of the morning prayers ; v . S3S1S.] 

j£)"lcs m. (b. h. "]BS; v. foreg.) turn, method, plan. 
[In iater Hebr.: method of interpretations*)*}.] — PI. 
di?BiS; Du. d^SBIS. Buth. R. s. 2, beg. You will soon 
find out '31 B!-6lB d^3BlS (Yalk. Josh. 7 di3BlS) their plans 
(strategic movements). Ab.d'R.Nath. (ed. Taussig, N'veh 
Shal. p. 12) 1">3S1S bs in its proper way. 

WSilK ch.=h. IBIS.— PI. S*_33is. Targ. Ezek. X, 13. 
— fT*|B1S that section of the morning prayers beginning 
with v'haofannim and describing the angelic praises. 
Y. Ber. V, 9 C bot. 

sSjsDIN ch.=*|Bis. turn, interpretation, qualification. 
Y. Deni.VI, 25>> bot. SaflOb rrt 'S )lb TP\> 'S we do not 
recognize an interpretation (of an agreement, so as to 
say, '31 1alS3 hTO3 'it means as though they had said—'); 
no qualification is admissible for an unqualified agreement. 

D^&BW m. du. (cmp. &BS— , a. &B, MSB) palms of 
the hand. Mekh. B'shall. Vayissa, s. 3, to Ex. XVI, 12 
the Mannah came down '31 'isn Vs on the hands of the 
Lord, as if it were to say, the Lord held forth &c. [In 
some ed. T&MS.] 

"p&BW m. pi., v. foreg. 

TDODIS, v. r?WBS, 

NsTIsIkS f. (v. ^Biis) prop, the large central branch, 
hence trunk, stalk. Succ. 32 a 'S Sa^SI inay I not say 
(as you insist on the palm-branch being kafuth, tied, 
joined) that I must use the stalk? — Hull. 47 lj lungs 
resembling 'S^> a trunk (in color, touch &c). lb. 16 a 
'SS 3.1H31 I"i1 a Vav. written on a trunk (being broken 
on account of the rough surface=i(We-te&). 

fW (b. h.; J^IX, v. ilXI; cmp. fSX; v. "pM a. nXh) 
fo Jc pressed (to press, hurry). — Part. STStix, pi. "piix (as 
from>l2X, v. yin, iin) squeezed in. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
IX, 5 'X (Var. "pilii) when they are squeezed in 
(tight), they are considered as connected for levitical 

SSitil^lftf , v. X5J32X a. "WSSX. 

&OXW, v; X1.2X. ' 

■jl^TaTlK read pir^X, v - <*V^. 

■{SIS, y. iSi*. 

"KIN m. (b. h.; 13X) store-house, magazine; prov- 
ision; hoarded up treasure. B. Bath 58 a ; Git. 67 a , v. 
dia a. Dia. Ab. Zar. 40 b ; v. pfiSSl; a. fr.— Esp. treasury, 
the' (Roman) government's treasury department where 
taxes in kind and money had to be paid. T. Dem. VI, 
end, 26 a 'xi ill is ilpllil and pay for me in the treasury- 
department. Tosef. Dem. VI, 4 'Xrt ]V -iVtnn ilpffll (read 
'Xil ix). lb. 3 'xi ipTOI ed.Zuck. (ed.incorr. 121X1). lb. 4 
'X!1 "a "VIBIS get me a release from the treasury-dep. 
— Y. Dem. 1. c. 'Xfi ]V 13HIJ1& (read 151TJI&). Ab. Zar. 
7i a 'xi, ''x."i ia, Ms. M. (ed. isis>); cmp. "as}.— PI. rriixix. 
B. Bath. ll a 'X 1155 Ms. (ed. 'X omitted),', v. t55.— Hag. 
12 b '31 Sill) hiiaist the stores of snow &c. (in the heavens); 
a. fr. V. rlilSX, mi 'X. 

iCKiStf ch. same. Targ. Jerem. XXXVIII, 11 ; a. 
fr.— A T *|"miX, X1121X. Targ. Gen. XLI, 56; a. e. 

D^lpltf, read ^ipx, v. -,ip«- 

tfTrcapiN, "ntapw, v. -apx. 

' ^pi^=b^iX, v. dip. . 

n p*lH, v. uplX. 

*2^p ! ]X f.=Xip51X [?] Ex. E. s.43, beg.— [PI. iiplX. 
Ber. 44 b 'xnild 'X XrTHi5a, Ar.s. v. isisi; 'than six oiin- 
cess of fine flour'.— Ed. Th-p ; Ms. M. omits the entire 

OWplN, v. ais^pix. 

"^plfct (Muss.ipllX) Cant. E. to VII, 8, read &13iipiX. 
'X "pas inundating like an Ocean tide ; v. Oi3a. 

DtD^pTS, DT3^pTS, O^plN m. ('Qxlavbs) 
Ocean, mostly Mediterranean Sea. Targ. Y. Gen. I, 7 ; 
a. e.— Y. Hall. IV, 6ft a bot.; a, fr.— Tanh. Haye 3, and 
so. is nail CP 'X the Okeanos called the Sea of (covering) 
the dead. [Var. 'p31X, 'p3X.] 

D'piStf Af. of dip ch. 

NrfiQ^pIN f. (dip) raising, [rising]. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXIX, 2 [prob. XfllapiX]. 

"J'O'p'lN, read yiipix. 

NSplK, v. saps. 

TIN I (b. h.; yiX, v. ilXII; cmp. 110, Tan, ■ a. sec. r. 
11X) to perforate, break through, shine.- — Denom. lilX, 
niixa &c. 

Nif. 11XJ to be broken through, grow light. Y. Ber. I, 
2 C mtan lixiffla from the time the Eastern horizon is 
broken through, grows light. 

Hif. liXfi 1) (neut. v.) to break through, shine. Y. ib. 
Ill, 6 C bot. open thy lips "p131 lliSOl and let thy words 
come forth, speak out boldly. Yoma III, 1 '31 is "OB 'rt 
it has grown light all over the Eastern horizon. — tPSB 
nilixa bright countenance. Num. B. s. 11; a. e. — 2) (act. 
v.) to enlighten, brighten, make shine. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83, b 
'31 11515) 'rt (the teacher had opened his (Samuel's) 
eyes &c. B. Mets. 33 a . Num. B. 1. c. Ib. tlX dilixa 
natafl (fr. Mai. I, 10) making the altar bright (with 
fire), feeding the fire on the altar. Yoma 73 h , v. 11X. 

"I iN ch. same. Part. pass. 11X5 clear. Targ. Prov. IV, 

25 yiiX5, 11X5, v. 115. ' 

TIN II m. (b. h. ; foreg.) breaking forth (cmp. Is. 
LVIII, 8) whence 1) break of day, light, day; fire; trnsf. 
rise, glory, power, happiness.- Ber. 2 b 111X nxi3 the 
entrance of his day-break (dawn of his eighth day; 
Tosaf. a. 1. the sunset of his seventh day). Y. Pes. I, 
beg. 27 a Mann 'X sun-light. Ib. 15!1 'X candle light. 
Keth. lll b Slim 'X light of the Law. B. Bath. 4 a ilix 
dil5> ill} intellectual light of the wold (a great man; 
the Law). Num. E. s. 15 lisa ittJ 11X the celestial fire 
(believed to be the source of all light and fire) ; a. v. fr. 
2) (breaking in of night) twilight, evening. Pes. I, 1 'X 
'31 .15)3ixi on the evening (eve) of the fourteenth day 
of Nissan ; v. discussion ibid. 2 a sq., about the meaning 
of our w. E. Hash. 22 b ; Snh. 70 b 111312 'xi the evening 
following the eventual intercalation, i. e. the evening 
from the thirtieth of the past to the first of the beginn- 
ing month.— 3) (homil.=filiXII) rue. Gen. E. s. 20 in 
the Pentat. of E. M. it read '31 11X hlSHS (in place of 
115* Gen. Ill, 21) this alludes to the garments of Adam 
resembling the rue, wide below and narrow above; Ar. 
(Eashi cliff.). 

"llSl m. (b. h.; foreg.) prop, light, flame; esp. PI. 
biaini dillX the Urim and Tummim in the High-priest's 
breast-plate. Yoma 73 b d!Tiai fix Bilixall) 'X they are 
called Urim because they give their decisions in a clear 
way (not ambiguous as the oracles); cmp. Y.ib.VII, end, 
44 c . Sot. IX, 12. Y. Kid. IV, beg. 65 b . 

*TINlI m. (=1© q. v.) chaff. Y. Ab. Zar. II. 40 d 

',115)251 'X chaff of barley; (Y. Sabb. XIV, 14<> /pStol 119). 

NTlNl ch.=11X, PI. XillX the Urim. Targ. Num. 
XXVII, 21 ; a. e. 

"'SOI!!* II m. (h; 115)) skin. Y.Ned. Ill beg. 37 a nillX 
(read SYilllX?, v. 11X1); v. however Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d . 

nan'a t 

;h.=)-i8lisi teaching, decision. Targ. Ez. 

fcOlIN, ^3*1 JiJ m. (31!*, 31S to braid, interlace &c.) ; 
pi. "'assist, 13.I8 meshes, void spaces, intervals. Sabb. 50 b 
'18 1313 ed. (Ar. "Sim, Var.-olS, v. 83181; 1318, v. Ar. 
ed. Koh. s. v. "Oil*, note) between the meshes or void 
spaces between the bricks. Git. 69 b . B. Bath. 3 a (Ms. 
i31i, oth. Var. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

. JO'S"!^ m. (318, v. foreg., cmp. ^30, -|3B) brier, 
nettle or a similar plant (corresp. to h. 1B1&). Targ. II, 
Esth. II, 7 (Ar. 813318). 

WSHW, pi. 1.33118 m. (v. foreg.; cmp. tisyfy bul- 
rushes. Sabb. 101 a '181 iap (some ed. '181) reeds and 
bulrushes. Snh. 82 b '31 '»> iJp "pa what has Sh'vilnai 
(a woman) to do between the reeds and the bulrushes? 
(proy. for suspicious movements of women). B. Bath. 6 a 

T-QjliS (v. foreg.) name of a seasoning reed. 
Erub. 34 b .\ 

- TTlfct Kid. 12 a , '81 mint, read 'illWI or 111*181, v. 

. ^^"IW, Keth. 67 a "81 iptB (Ms. 811118, ed. 8*111) 
prob. pr. n. pi. Urdaya, Bodaya, [or identical with 
foreg. w.?]. 

.."W^TttK, v. KjV«n*: 

^~l^ m. (=^118, *|11) crushing tool, pestle. Targ. 
Prov. XXVlI, 22 some ed. (oth. tft118 q. v.). [The entire 
verse is corrupted, combining the traditional vers, with 
one from which LXX is translated.] 

riSfT"^!^ f. (v. ISIIW, and its hebr. phonet. equival. 
S11BS) 'frog. Koh. B.'to V, 8. Lev. B. s. 22 031118 fern.)- 

yrm, v. for eg . 

f"!32? : I~fi!! l t f. (v. foreg.) a disease of the tongue, rana 
(frog). ! Y. : Sabb. XIV, U d top. 

fTTifctl f. (b. h.=118) light, sun. Y. Pes. II, 29 a 
'83 TWO clear as the sun. Zeb. 19 13 , a. e. '8^> at day- 
break. Gen. R. s.'3 beg.; a. fr.— Chald. Adv. 1111831? 
at first sight, apparently. Keth. 54 a 83ini \>81att)3 T '83!J 
apparently it would run (agree) with Samuel, W^Sa 13 
'31 but when you consider &c. 

rili^II f.; pi. nil18 (b. h. S118, II- Kings IV, 39; 
prob. fr. hl8) herbs, esp. rocket. Yoma 18 b , expl. Taia 
(etymol. '31 hlTWOlB; cmp. Plin. XX, 13 quofc in Low 
Aram. Pfl. p. 93). [Gen. R. s. 20 118 rue; v. 118 II, 3.] 

riTiN part, of f!18, v. 118 

■ "pima, v. 1^118. 

?Vn"T)!$, v. 81118 II a. 1-1118. 

fcCOTVlfct, v. 81118II ch., a. 1181. 

: ^Jib-hia, , 


*" 1 '!DOniS, a corrupt., prob. 11»8&il, m. (p\ 
rosatum) vin-aux-roses, rose-wine. Y. Shebi. VII, beg. 37 ' 
■ntD '8 (Mas. IB&liTS) rose- wine is permitted 
Sabbath year. 




TTlX m. (cmp. opo£oc, b. h. r. 118 to be hard) rice. 
Ber. 37 a ; a. fr. — Pes. 35 a (opinions as to its classification 
with ref. to Passover laws). Cmp. 118. 

NJH1K, NjriK, WH)* ch. same. Targ. Y. Num. 
XV, 19 ^118.— Y. Sabb. T Ili, 6 h top 'T118. Pes. 50 b '118 
(Ms. M. 1118; ib. 51 a top 8118, corr. ace). lb. 114 b i 

XbTm, »bniN m. OtK with anorg. 1; 
8WiS) 1) a slender young animal, esp. the young of the 
gazelle or any similar animal (Reem). Targ. Cant. II, 9 
8^81 '8 (h. text IBS). Zeb. 113 b 8ali M3 83^11 '8 
(read 13); B. Bath. 73 b (corr. as Zeb. 1. c; v. Rabb; B. 
S. a. 1. note) a young antilope one day old. Num. R. 
s. 11; Cant. B. to II, 9; Pesik. B. s. 15 8flV«81 '8 
('31 TirryitltS pi.) young deer.— PI. pVtllX, '118; i^nx. 
Targ. Cant. IV, 5; VII, 4. B. Bath. 74 b sVl 1W18 
(Ms. M. iVl!8) sea-gazelles— [2) hammock, v. 8^118.] 

W^IN, !T^7I« m. pi. (81118) a rice dish 
(prepared with wine). [Oth. opin. cedar-fruits ; millet^ 
Y. Maas. Sh. II, beg. 53 b . Y. Yoma VIII, 45 a 'top; Y. 
Shebu. in, 34 15 bot. nnit118 (corr. ace). 

tTTiS*, n"li^ m . (b. h. msj H18) wayfarer, esp. 
guest. Ber. 58 a ; a. fr. — Euphem. menstruation. Nid. 16 a 
(cmp. Gen. XVIII, 11 orah). Lev. B. s. 4.— PI. Wfm, 
11)1118. — '8 M333il the invitation of guests, hospitality. 
Sabb. 127 a ; a. fr. 

rnia, sarnie, anix c .=h. nis, road, path, 

way. Targ. Jud'. V, 6; a. fr.— 8S18 '8 (h. ^18 -|11) 
custom. Ab. Zar. 2 b ; a. fr.— 8n5na1 '8 a usual incident. 
Git. 29 a ; a. fr.— ^(1118 338, nifi118 338 &c. on thy road 
(his road &c), i. e. by the way, occasionally, incidentally. 
Ber. 2 a . Snh. 95V a. fr— Gen. B. s. 100 '8 !=S for the 
journey (death). Targ. Y. II, Gen. XXXV, 9 8aVs>1 8)118 
the way of the world (death).— PI. 1)1118, 1*118; 8Slri18. 
Targ. Jud. 1. c. Targ. Y. II Gen. XLIX, 17;' a. e.— Snh. 
109 a fl^SS^ rt*rrri8 rP3Hi (missing in Ms. M., v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note) thou hast shown the thieves the ways 
(of -stealing).— [8)1118 guest,v. 8)118.] 

"H'lStf pr. n. m. (b. h.) Uri, an Amora. Y. Ber. II, beg. 
4 a '8* '1 ilJin '1 B. Huna in the name of B. U. 

"'li^ Af. of 111. 

l^"1"]|tf teaching, v. 8^118. 


utrm, r™i, rnw f. (v. ■*« a. m) ««*. 

ing horizon, Sun-set, West, v. St3isa. B. Bath'. 25 a i&ta 
I-Pllst ed. (Ar. SOIlSt) why is it called Uryal T\^ "mst (Var. 
list) divine air (divine light=Palestine). Kid. 12 h Stn 
SVHlStS iirib St3iSt Ar. (ed. fW'St, emend, in Tossaf. 
nillst), [read with h"3: '31 Stt^Bt ilast Stn] but people 
say, there are witnesses in the West &o. Cmp. '|MOSt. 

aniis, r™n, a'nia f. (b. h. *™ q . v . ; 

^isfc, iiist) pile of plucked plants, stalk, shed containing 
feed {lilt. fr. taist granary).— PZ.nisrilSt, ^"lUS (nii-llSt). 
Tosef. Maasr. II, 20 ed. Zuck. (Var. rrmistj; ib. Erub. 
VI (V), 4; Erub. 55 b Ar. (ed. relist, MlllSt, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note). [In bibl. h. nilSt crib, stable q. v.] 

Itf^HW, JOTfiK ch. (=b. h. hlist) crib; stable. 
TargTls. 1, 3 (h. text Ma* q. v.).— Snh. 98 b ni^!|>« SO&10 .... 
a horse is placed at his (the ox's) crib., i. e. Israel is 
displaced and other nations feed on his soil.' — M. Kat. 
10 b 'St iSiab to build a stable (during the festive week). 
[Targ. II Esth. VI, 10; 11 St^lSt, read Stylist stable.]— 
PI. ^iist, stniiiist, &trni"ist (stn^iist). Targ. n Chr. ix, 

25; I* Kings "v,' 6. Targ." II Esth. I.e. (Stn^llSt prob. 
sing.); a. e. 

^^liHor^; - ! 5 ]^ Him. (horreum,pl.horrea, cLpetov, 
Spiov; v. Sm. Ant. s. v.) store-house, store (of all kinds). 
Tanh. B'resh. 7 .rttins i*sffi 'St ^1 all my stores are in 
that ship.— PL SPsmiSt (ch. form). Targ. I Chr. XXI, 13. 
— ni&t"«11St (h. form). Targ. II Chr. XXXII, 28 (h. text 
rras&a).' V. T^ix, Tjii'nst. 

^"HW pr. n. Uriel, name of an angel. Targ. T. 
Deut." XXXIV, 6.— Num. E. s. 2. 

^TiN, v. ^-mi. 
/THIN I, II, v. soiist. 
TVHyH, v. stylist. 

8^71**, v. stnist. 

fctrfnix rr~ri5*) f. en% Af. ^x=h. s-nin) i) »«- 

struction, the Law, Bible-verse. Targ. Lev. VI, 7 ; a. fr. 
—'SO .nVw (=niin iisi) religious discourse, lesson, 
remarks &c. T. B. Bath. VIII, 16 a Stylist; Y. Taan. Ill, 
66 c bot. SttV« . . . — Y. Snh. I, 18° 'SO ^33 'jW^BSt he 
entertained them with religious discussions. Y. Hor. Ill, 
beg. 47 a 'Stl nVra ~p> TTO be prepared for a religious 
discourse. Y. Shek. Ill, 47 c top nsaffi Strati 'St "<Sta what 
novel interpretation hast thou heard? Y. Yeb. II, 4 a top 

f-pi-n&t Still )U from what verse?— Taan. 4 a Tima 'St 

mV it is the zeal of study that makes him warm (ex- 
cited). Kid. 71 b "TO53 IWniSt my instruction is accept- 
able, but my daughters are not desired. Sabb. 116 h 

TWSft 'St the Mosaic dispensation (opp. WlHSt 'St the 
new dispensation, v. '(IIN).— Strrv^isO (sub. tldbn^h. ' ( a 
mini!) an enactment founded on the Bible tetft, opp. 
■pail. Succ. 44 a 'St 1 ! 3blVLulab, the law concerning which 
is Biblical &c; — StrYTiliswa, adv. biblically, according 
to the Biblical law, opp. yjinia. Pes. 10 a ; a. fr.— 2) the 
Torah, the scroll containing the Pentateuch, used at 
divine service. Y. Yoma VII, 44 b top SOIlSt SOU &ivi Is 
when you have no more than one scroll. Y. Md&. IV, 
75 b hot.; Y. Sot. VII, end, 22 a fi^llSt Stlin 13 (corr. 
as Y. Yoma 1. c). Ib. '31 sttv- St yfewa jtin- there (in 
Babylon) the Torah is carried to the Eesh Galuiha. — 
Stylist 13 a scholar, man of learning. Yoma 78 a . Hag. 
14 a SOISt (corr. ace); v. next w. 

1^"ll^,']^^n^m.same;l)theLaw.Sabb,3i b , Ib. 
88 a iStfi^n'St thethreefold law(Pentat.,Proph.,Hagibgr.). 
—2) scholarship, authority to teach and judge. Be*. 12 a 
IStillst 13 ed. (Ms. M. SOIlSt); v. foreg. w — [3) *authoHty, 
office. Gen. B. s. 50 "pllSt ma ed. (Ar. ymma, Lev. E. 
s. 26 •piha) place of office. V. 'piima] 

^^I^II, ^"Hltf (v. foreg.) pr. n. m. Orytiti, 
Oryon. Esth, B. beg. 'St sast, Abba 0. (cmp. St^St). Y. 
Sabb. X, 12 d top yinst 13 pns\ 

"^"lW f - O- ioie S- ws.) officer's or teacher's chair. , 
M. Kat. T 21 b ; 27 a hVlla 'St Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. l.j 
ed. 'list) a high (teacher's) chair. V. iS^IS. 

T^TlSS m. (horrearius, ojpeiapio;, v. Stylist, l^linst) 
store-keeper, used in the sense of l^bist. Y. B. BathV IV, 
beg. 14° 'Stn Slpa (Tosef. ibid. Ill, 3' 'Jiliib'IStn n^3) the 
clothes-keeper's room.— PI. 'pl^list. Y.l. c. ^IlllSt, "llllSt 
(corr. ace.) Toh. VIII, 7 'pISTTlSt (corr. ace.; Tosef. ib. 
VII, 8 'jilSt^lSt). 

^~\' 1 ' 1 ~ll5< ch. sariie.— PI. Stylist. Targ. I Chr. 
XXVII, T 25; XXVI, 22 (ed. Eahm. S^ilSt, corr. ace.; Var. 

st^iiist, h. text nnsist \n). 

VS^m, v. st^ist. 

rr-flx, v. st^sti. 

rnD"»"njA, v. w$. 

isrBD'niin, v. stylist. 

!]"lii^ m. (b. h. T]ist, "51st) length, lengthiness. Midr. 
Sam.'ch. XIII, nai nin 'B*f1 tel and why all this length- 
iness (of speech). 

fcCniltf ch. same, length. Targ. 0. Gen. VI, 15 
[Constr. T(liit Targ. Y. Ex. XXVI, 13 ; Targ. 0. ib., corr. 
ace.]— Sabb. 140 b '31 'Stl SOTO ^3 BMIB a load (of twigs) 
is a load, and the length goes in the bargain (the price 

arvDTis, arfDHia f. (=™™) ' » ' Mga 

(of life). T Targ. PsT XCI, 16; a. e.— 2) waiting, hope. 


Ibid. XXXIX, 8; a. e. — 3) tarrying. Targ. Y. Deut. 
II, 3J. 

C^D*!^ pr. n. m. Urkhanes. Y. Yeb. VIII, 8 d bot. 
(allusion to a case concerning the child of a certain U., 
otherwise unknown). 

$DD"fi!tf B. Kam. 70 a ; Shebu. 33 b , v. XP3T1X2). 

T'Jlb'lTK, ^ibT"l1» m. (ApoXtyov) horologe, 
time-piece. Y. E. Hash. I, 57 b top. Pesik. E. s, 15 ; a. e. 

^w, v. t?*. 

I'Ti&tj &0"Vl!tf ch-h.^X. Targ.Is.XL,20;XLIV,14. 

*Dl3~fli<, C3"]2s^ m. pi. ^IX, '13X (^djxvo?, 
rhamnus) a kind of prickly shrubs, used for medical 
purposes and carried in lengthy bundles (v. D. 0. Gr. 
s. v., a. Sm. Ant. s. v.). Sabb. 91 b 'IX ed. (Ms. M. '2X; 
Ar. ibmx). [As to Ti, 13 for aspirate r, v. Lidd. a. Scott, 
Gr. Lex, 7 th ed. s. lit. P.] 

"ppiDTllS, lipoma, v. yvpvm. 

£0"l1stf m., l^TTlSHl'S f. (SIX) mee*%. 'X^> with 
suff. of pers. pron., to meet—, against— .Targ. Prov. VII, 
10 (ed. Vien. "TlSi); 15. Targ. Ps. XXXV, 3 WlixV- 

lyfit, v. next w. 

StfrP^IIStf f. (SIS; corresp. to h. WIS) wasp, hornet 
(collect.). ! Targ. Y. Ex. XXIII, 28; a. e'.—Pl. XrWIlX. 
Targ. Y. Deut. I, 44; a. e.— W1X, rM^IX. Targ. Y. Lev. 
XI, 20 ed. pr. (corr. vowel signs; later ed. rT>&T1!!t). Y. 
, Sabb. I, 3 b bot. '31 X^blbl SttlS^lh the mite in the horse's 
carcass turns into hornets. [Cmp. same ideas among the 
Greek, Sachs Beitr. II, 92; Mean Ther. 741.] 

' MitBmS, v. Miftm*. 

arnw f. 

bhe or of the 
Y. Sot. I, 17' 

J) evening, night. Pes. 2 al 
is evening. Ber. 3 b ; 

top, v. mi 

E^N, E511& Pa. % (/11X, v. tllX; cmp. SqlX, 
tpx, S]SX, iSlX, "bnst, 33X) l) to blow vehemently, make 
noise, shout. B. Mets. 86 a 'SI 'XI Xpit 3U5i the wind blew 
and howled between the branches. Ber. 50 a 111)11X1 ^I^X 
'31 because all shouted, the prayer was not heard. lb. 
1313. s"3 iffliix they all shouted 'bar'khu'.— Erub. 97 b 
JttlVra XW1X the thing grows loud, becomes known. Hull. 
46 b 'XI fiX^I lungs which give out a sound when blown 
up (indicating perforation). Ber. 58 a XlflllX Xp h 3 (Ms. 
M. 'X bp ISatil) when shouting was heard.— 2) to swell, 
to be large, fulsome, lengthy (in wording). E. Hash. 35 a 
5113^3 ifflllXI mi»a (Ms. M. iXlp ) because the bene- 
dictions are numerous and lengthy. Ned. 2 b dlffia "pin 
'31 'XI because the last named propositions are lengthy, 
he explained first what he had commenced with. 

EJIfctl (v. foreg; cmp. UJi, ttjix) to be strong, exist. 
Nithpol. UiSiixn? to be confirmed. Gen. E. s. 67 ; s. 78 

■]TO "i 'p'Vil when were the blessings made sure &c. 
Cmp. UJffiX. 

ttJWlI m. (fflfflX 2, cmp. foreg.) plpffiix foundations. 
B. Kam. 50 a 'xb IBIfi digs excavations for supporting 

NEW, 2ti$M O^IN) ch. same, also fortification. 
Targ. Cant. VIII, ''9.— PL X*1B1X. [Ezra IV, 12; a. e.]. 
Targ. I Kings Vn, 7; VI, 16 J a. e. [Targ. Mic. I, 6 ed. 
Ven. XfllBlX her foundations. Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 18 XSlffliX 
(corr. 'IX)]. [Not to be conf. with XtTHS)X]. 

i^fflW pr. n. pi. TJhsa, in Galilee; freq, the scene of 
•rabbin, synods and enactments during and after the 
Hadrianio persecutions. Keth. 50 a 'XI xnSalUI ma 
master of the traditions of IT. (in whose name they are 
quoted). [lb. 'XI Xbl*>31X3 ^Xp, read xrdb'TO engaged 
in teaching the laws passed at IT.] E. Hash. 31 b ; a. fr. 

ann T ^&w™3x. 

fcOTlEEJiX f. (Biai) stretching forth, obtaining.— 
XT 1 twmi.acquisition, business. Targ. Deut. XII, 7; a. e. 

WT^W, v. xn^x. 

"^EJW, " l 3S5< a. word in a eharm formula, sup- 
posed to mean day. Sabb. 67 b 'IX Ar. (ed. 'USX, Ms. M. 
ipfflilX). Cmp. Tosef. Sabb. VII (VIII), 1. 

PpttjW, v. t(Ste. 

X&lt^W m. ch. (=h. S)SSJ; fptt), |/"C]3, cmp. S]31X) 
worker in leather, saddler, shoemaker. Git. 6S h . ~Pl. 
iSStlJIX. Sabb.. 112 a the travellers' sandals 'X iltapl 
which the shoemakers knot (tightly). lb. 104 b 'XI Xnin 
the blacking used by shoemakers. lb. 123 b 'XI X31fi the 
leather dressers' knife. Pes.42 b 'XIXTllS the shoemakers' 
paste. lb. 113 b . 

N'befrtf Targ. I 

Chr. I, 2' 

r. xiuix. 

fc^EJIN (in Y. X^ain q. v.) pr. n. m. Oshaya, 
1) freq. surnamed X31 (the elder), an Amora of the first 
generation, redactor of Tosefta. Yeb. 18 b ; a. fr-.— 2) one 
mentioned as a wool-washer. Y. B. Kam. end. 


SMDiJBttjW, v. 


r&2JW m. (t|tt», with t format; cmp. rtax) night's 
lodging] inn.— PI. 'ipBtpiX. 'X "&S3 innkeepers. Tosef. 
Maas. Sh. I, 13; Meg. 26 a . [Mand. Xtii&lB, v. Nceld. 
Mand. Gr. p. 51.] 

itjpBttfaN ch. same. Git. 44 b '31 'X trt> S^X he has 
a lodging place in Palestine, (is an occasional resident), 
opp, SffVO permanent home. Meg. 26 a ; Yoma 12 a it is 


customary to leave empty jars and hides of slaughtered 
animals rrpSHDIKS (b) in one's inn. Zeb. 61 b Bp5 Hin 'X 
'31 (Ms. M. 8t)ip3 , . . 8311B1B18, v. 1 pli5ffll8; v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1.) the Divine fire took up its abode now here 
and now there. Erub. 53 b '83 VwiB (Eashi "piSa bmaa 

i33ilStU18, read m3 , v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 80) 

inquired after the. character of an inn (of his landlord), 
lb. (enigmatic inquiry that the landlord might not over- 
hear it) 131D S-ra in fl Q1S 131, Ar. (v. Eabb. 1. c. note 
90)=83 _ riS-\Bi8 our inn— what is its character? 

WDTBBjia, ^TBttfta, v. w4ot«. 

IDrSH^^ m. (Denom. of 7i&ffll8=li&ffllK, with 
locat. '"|, cmp. 81, Tp) innkeeper, landlord, host. Meg. 26 a ; 
Yoma 12 a ; Sot. 37 a ; Zeb. 54 a ,'31 '8 nfflS3 Benjamin 
became the host of the Divine Presence (the Temple 
being partly situated in his territory). 

WDTSBfta, WyrBltfW ch. same. Zeb. 18" 
iTOSr&lBIBt" 13 (Ms. M." only h'lJSil 8125*18) (the son of) 

his host. Snh. 7 b hot. Yoma 78 a hs'siiS Ms. M. 

(ed. "p ). Bets. 4 a ; a. fr.— Erub. 53 b , v. 811BUM8. 

—Fern. 8n31iBWl8 hostess. Ber. 18 b ed. Ms. M. (ti3 


^FTlBEftlS p r . n . f . (? ) JJshparti. Taan. 24" Ms. 
(ed. '1S1I518, V. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note, a. Var. lect. ibid.). 

«j5j5ttjW, v. appro. 

"lttjlK, v. 11U118. 

nl5<I or DISS (b. h.; y?M, v. 1181; cmp. 8ri8, h8, 
1S18, a. mriJt; v. also Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) to join, fit. 

Nif. !Ti83, tvi8i3 (b. h.) to be suited, pleased, whence 
to be gratified, to enjoy. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 C top lass ns iiKl 
'31 '3 he dreamt he felt sexual gratification; Y. Yoma 
VII, 44 d hot.; Y. Taan. I, 64 c hot.— Y. Bets. I, 61 a .b3 
B"i3 13 T^inlStStt) whatever you are permitted to make 
use of on Holy Days.— Fut. ni8\ Ber. Till, 6 iniiOffi IS 
1118^ until' being near enough to enjoy its light. Y. Ab. 
Zar. I, 39 c top, a. e., differences as to spelling IhiKi or 
IhlSi.— Denom. hXSil, .183, ni83, 113. 

m^II c. (b. h.; v. i!8, nix II; I8n) l) mark, sign, 
emblem; test, signal, military ensign. Hag. 16 a (play on 
Finxi Deut. XXXIII, 2; cmp. foreg.) '31 8in H18 He is 
the ensign among his myriad; v. 6*05*1*1. M. Kat. 25 b 
'31 '83 13IYWI ^8 forsake us not in the symbolic trial 
.of bitter waters (in our trials). Pi. nini8. Kil. IX, 10 
'31 "plHH '8 the marks which the weavers &c. put on 
goods in their charge. B. Kam. 119 b you must not 
buy from the dyer rvrai.11 8il 'X 8b either tests (pieces 
cut off to test the color) or samples (as specimens of 
color).— 2) letter, writing, symbol. B. Bath. 15 a TMH !-i!8 
one letter. Sabb. 103 a ; a. fr.— PI. HWI'x (fr. nmiXor 
n^niN). Kid. 30 a '8rt bs &1131& recorded (or counted) all 
the letters of the Torah. Snh. X, 1 liniihi83 dIBSi the 
Divine Name with the letters in which it is written 
(Jehovah). Kid. 71 a '8 S318 p bS the quadriliteral 

Name; cmp. CJ123. — Lev. E. s. 26, beg. '8 'PI eight letters. 
Sabb. XII. 3 ; a. fr.— Trnsf. notes, documents. Tosef. Kid. 
I, 7; B. Bath. 75 b ; a. e. 

iYlSs III (b. h., v. S"\8) only with pronominal suffix 
1) indicating the objective case, vn« me, Sjriix thee, &a 
— 2) with pronom. suffix of third person, for emphasizing 
the subject, ini8 he himself, this one, the same, he who &c. 
Gen. E. s. 2, beg. '31 '8 lb 31151 the latter now sat there 
confounded &o. Y. Git. VI, 47 d "/VS lh!83 on this very 
subject (divorce). Sabb. 13 b '31 iBifctti lhl8 1151 may that 
man be remembered for good. Ber. V, 3 TOIB ( ini83. in 
that hour; a. fr. — talpa 1H18 euphem. for pudenda. Nid. 
47 b . Git. 69 b ; a. e. — 133 H81 ini8 the law concerning the 
killing of the young with its mother on the same day (Lev. 
XXII, 28). Hull. V, l;.a. fr.— PI. yrft». Y. Meg. IV, 74 d 
top i1S31i) '8 those laws delivered orally. Keth. 4 a '8 b5 
diain all those days; a. fr. [In later writings U>i8n 1H18 
is freq. used for Jesus of Nazareth. 

fcttTQrnS f. (31ii) sitting down, sitting. Targ. 
Ps. CXXXIX, 2. 

"j^^im^, Cant. E. to HI, 11, read T3ipi8 as Ex! E. 
s. 35, end. 

ISTfiit f. night-bird, owl. Targ. Y. Lev. XI, 18 
(TargJd. ib. 8nia q. v. ; Targ. Y. Deut. XIV, 16 811S). 
[Perh. corrupt, of 8)1183 v. ^183.] ' ' ; - " 

DTtm, otena, v. bs»-*m«. ■ 
• irwiN, v. KiBjwiist 

JTrfOfflX Y. Snh. II, 20 c bot. read nirTOrVe, v. 


ItfW or ^}!tf m. sea-ea#?e(cmp.allS). Targ. Y. Deut. 
XIV, 12* Ar. (ed. 815 13, 8111 13; h. text ,11315!). 

)V2W, v. 3118. 

*^3t5< m. glass (v. 8111). Keth, 77 b '81 81111 Ar. 
parings'of glass (ed. 81118). 

iJija, a^ta, v. 'ii8. 
num, v. 111118. 

"H?!^ Ithpe. prefix of verbs with prim. lit. 1 as 111118 
fr. 1111 &c. 

"TJStf (=118 y r 18; cmp. il8I; 11, in, IS, Ian &c.) to 
be cut off; to go apart, be gone. Sabb. 34 b ; a. fr; 11181 
iniiaSB^ they differ (cmp. ite), each following his own 
principle (or consistent with opinions elsewhere ex- 
pressed). Ned.41 a 1118 8hHZ) (Eashi fl'b 1^18) six of them 
are gone (escaped his memory). Bets. 10 b 8absb 1118 
disappeared (Ms. M. lVl8; ll a ,lbl8). Mei'l. 17 b 8118 pS3 
Ar. (read 118, ed. ^18) he went out and" away. V. Vt8. 



MW f. (foreg.) [it is] decreed (cmp. rVtrS). Dan. II, 5. 
— B. Mets. 116 b if the landlord said, I let you this loft 
(as it is) 'X it is a (divine) decree, i. e. it is the tenant's 
misfortune that the loft fell in, and he has no claims. 
T. Ges, H. Diet. "s. v. 

NSI^I?^^ f- (?«) shaking, trembling. Targ. Job. 
XII, 5 Ms. (ed. JtSWlTS, const. MS . . .). 

XfflDj^Nl, a^&l^m f. (Ithpe. or Ithpa. of 
S)]?p rising.' 'larg. Job. XIII, il. Ih. XLI, 17 Ms. Var., 

< iinW f. (iht) 1) forewarning, prohibition, esp. tte 
explicit prohibition ('thou shalt not') in the Bible, required 
for punishing trespassers. Y. Peah I, 16 a top Tlnbb 'X 
a biblical admonition against calumny. Num. E. s. 7 
(play on zara Num. XI, 20) 'Stb dab 'fll it shall be a 
warning to you. Yeb. 3 b '31 13SaU5 'it we learn here the 
legal prohibition, whence do we derive the penalty? a. 
it.— PI. nilHtS. Kerith. Ill, 10; a. fr.— 2) enlightenment. 
'Cant. E. to VII, 3, v. 1*1*. 

• JtFTllllfS, ^nrj|S ch. as foreg. I. Shebu. 20 b 
'!"IH fiipl'lfTlJtl and the legal prohibition concerning it, is 
to be derived from this verse.— PI. -jimst. Y. Yoma VIII, 
45 a 'X nbn three prohibitory verses. 

Slt^j 3lr^ m.(b.h.; 311) /^ssop. Neg.XIV,6 pi 'X 
(Ar. paw) Greek hyssop. Sahb. XIV, 3 (109 b ) paiTO, 
pam (read two words, Ms. 0., v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 4); a. fr.— PI. tnftm M. Kat. 25 b lip'iaiTO the 
hyssop (moss) on the wall (common humanity) ; v. tlit. 

^li?!S;, &Oir2$ ch. same. Targ. Ex. XII, 22; a. e. 

TJISS, "llr^ c. (b.h.; Ilit^rcKe, 6e«. M. Kat. 14 a 
'31 "iTil"!^ his girdle (around his house-gown) testifies for 
him (that he has no more than the shirt he is washing). 
Tosef. Shebu. V, 12 sq.; a. e.— PI. d*nilit, TW. Gen. E. 
s. 100 '31 dmsna ilitit they loosened the girdles of their 
loins (in mourning sympathy). [Ch. fit.] 

VCfllX, Vn\m ch. same. Sot. I, 17" top *ti^ 
ftl iiai nVrmiSl my belt, and my son's belt and that of 
his father inlaw; Num.E.s. 9 (p. 232 b ed.Amst.); Y.Peah 
VII, 20 a bot. (corr. ace); cmp. Midr. Sam. ch. XIII. 

*W, StJX (=iSlit, v. m*yi& a. S^l) to heat (make 
steam)'. Dan.' HI, 19; 22.— Targ. Is. XXXIII, 4 'jtxi 
(Eegia'pliit) and they shall heat (baths, ovens) therewith 
(h. text pisa=pteo), v. SWpTt; ( cm P- Ezek - XXXIX, 9). 
lb. XLIV, 15 (for baking) ; a. e.— Y. Ter. VIII, end, 46 e 
a bath house '31 fiwwtl which he had heated for seven 
days. Koh. E. to II, 8; a. e. )Ta p.ts -pim that enter- 
tained the fires in them. — Lev. E. s. 28, end fiiirta bsi 

InTDpl (read ST^Wi Pa.) and he (Haman) went and, made 
him sweat and cleansed him (with the scraper). 

Ithpe. itns (contr. of itittut) to be heated. Gen. E. s. 
63 '31 'limi itSit "(fbp I command that the bath-houses 
be heated. lb. IHFiXl ",lblit they went off, and the bath- 
s were heated (some ed. pam* a. parist). 

^J8, v. btit. 

£0"W m., pi. ■jWit Ci"il) weapons, 'it ma receptacle 
of weapons, quiver. Targ. Jer. V, 16. Targ. Is. XLIX, 2 
(ed. Ven. 'pits). V. Targ. to Deut. XXIII, 14 ^m. 

p"W (Af. of pTSt, v. pin, pts) to tie up. Koh. E. to 
VIII, l'ltUi-lb 'it I have to tie up my head. (Yalk. Koh. 
977 pTn, Vers. pilK; Y.Pes. X, 37 c STUDi* pim his head 
was tied; cmp. Ned. 49 b .) 

!"!"©?!$ f. (b. h.; = rrarn, -fit) 1) remembrance, 
mention (of Div. Name), recitation (of prayer) ; reference. 
Y. Ber. V, 9 b Wra itifilB 'it the reference to rain (in the 
second section of the eighteen benedictions) which is 
an expression of satisfaction (plenty), opp. ilbitlU, the 
prayer for rain (in the ninth benediction) which is an 
expression of anxiety.- — Y.Meg. Ill, 74 b top imetit SWtlntt} 
'31 dllp that the recitation (of the events commemorated 
on Purim) precede the celebration thereof.- — 2) (v. 
fi^l**) the Divine Name, Tetragrammaton. Num. E. s. 2, 
beg. the students '31 'itn nit diitla point out the Div. 
Name with their fingers; Cant. E. to II, 4 'Sttl bs sbla 
skips the Div. Name in recitation of lessons. — PI. 
niiatX. Yoma 8 a haiil 'it ina B" 1 © in which the Div. N. 
frequently occurs. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 C .— Y. Sabb. XVI, 15 p 
bot.; Bab. ibid. 116 a ^m-DtK lllp you must cut out 
the Div. N. occurring in them (the heretic writings). 
Y. Taan. II, 65 c top '31 'it H"i eighteen times that the 
Tetragrammaton appears in the Psalm Habu (XXIX). 
Num. E. s. 2, beg.; a. fr. 

^I> ty$> ^^ (»• h. btit; /tit; v. ti!*) to be 
gone, to leave; to go. Targ. Gen, XXXII, 1. Imper. 
biipit, Wit. Targ. O. Num. XXII, 20; a. fr.— Y. Snh. 
X, 28 b '31 inn bTW go, show thy face &c. lb. rtJib 

'31 bfa its* btia I will not go . . . for if I did go &c. 

Sabb. 116 a '31 'it ana 'it after the writing is gone, the 
sacredness of the scrollisgone (after the.scroll has become 
unfit for sacred use, the material has lost its sacred charac- 
ter). Y. Dem. Ill, 23 b bot. '31 itba">a itVnit Sttl that man's 
load would soon be gone (if each were permitted to take a 
chip). Y. Ber. VIII, 12 a '31 ail StWl StVnit 5tM is the 
decision of Eab and Samuel gone (to be disregarded) ? 
Y. Snh. X, 28 a bot. '31 iflh 'it ith (ed. Krot; titTn) is 
that which was received from (is 'the tradition of) . . . 
to be disregarded? Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 C bot. '31'ifn itbitit itfl 
(ed. Krot. itbfit, corr. ace. ; for sWl read itin oir »i|nn). 
— Trnsf. to depart life, die. Y, Hag. II, 77 d bot. this one 
committed a sin na 'itl and died in it, and the other &o. 
M. Kat. 28 b itbtitb ill woe, for the departed one ! Y. Keth. 
XII, 35 a top biTit to die, contrad. to ;ijiit to resurrect.— 
Imperat. usu. bit=bilit.— Hull. ll b Stall "Una 1 "follow 
the majority of cases; a. fr. 

5I&$II (=bW; v. Ezek. XXVII, 19; yVr) to spin, 
weave? B. Mets. 24 b niVlS Mia iblSI.XIiaip a skein 
which the net-weavers had used; v. 'bflll. Denom. X^fiX 

^iTI^ m. (foreg.) weaver. PI. iifttx. B. Mets. 24 b 
(some ed. ilblK corr. ace), v. foreg. 

^"♦(S m. pi. (=bw) running waters, waves. Targ. 
0. Ex^iV; 8 (Var. S*btS; Y. 8*V|S). 

NDtSalS, v. KBt-W. 

TflDfi*, V. 1A-WTS*. 

bnw, v. ter«. 

nanaw, aninaw, ^najs CHf™, 

-l" 1 "l J"HjQT!SJ m. (o(i.apaif8o4, cr^aptryStov) emerald, a 
jewel (also colored crystal; v. 151B1 a. 'p^lot). Targ. 
Joh. XLII, 13. Targ. 0. Ex. XXVIII, 18 (Targ. Y. ib. 
11101S); a. e. Ex. B. s. 38, end 'pISlri&X. 

"JJS* Targ. Is. XXXIII, 4, third pers. pi. of XJS, v. 

"})N, "jll^ m. (b. h.; l/>S fo &e pointed, cut, cmp. 
7M, 15. v. iilW) 1) ear. B. Kam. 79 b MBa btiJ 'S human 
ear, opp. Divine perception. Y. Sabb. I, 3 b top; a. fr. — 
2) handle. Cant. B. beg. '31 'S rtb Tl X^=l but had no- 
handle and could not be carried; a. fr.' — Du. SiitS 
1) ears. Lev. B. s. 32, beg. ~[~rib 'S the road has ears 
(be on your guard in speaking) ; a. fr. — 2) handles. Kel. 
IV, 3, v. S1UG15;— 3) bi?lS or 'X Mlia sivollen glands 
of the throat (Bashi). Ab. Zar. 28 b 'X; Y. ib. II, 40 d 
top; Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 d top 'S rv«a. 

m'^IS, v. watis. 

"llltf (b. h.; J^-iT, cmp. ni, sillS) to put around, 
girdle; to strengthen. 

Eithpa. 1JSMM fo ^irrf, strengthen one's self. Ber. 16 b 
'31 1JSMM1 and gird thyself with thy mercy. - 

rT*)T!S m. (b. h.; niT=5Hi) [planted], native, citizen. 
Succ. T 28 d 'X Mt 'X if it read ezrah (Lev. XXIII, 42), it 
would mean every native (man or woman); a. fr.— 
PI. tfnim. Sifra Emor, end.— Eem. tlWW, pi. niiM1}S. 

!SSHW f. (b. h. Sits) arm. Targ. Y. II. Num. XXXI, 
50; v.Vfn'- 

&$TTl?ff!Ki rNl m. (lilt) attachment, handle. PL 
illlMts! 'Targ. Y. Ex. XXV, 12 ed. Vien. (oth. ed. 
'Hints ; ib. XXXVll, 3 'IIIMbS, v. Ibn Ezra 

nSl m. (b. h.; MMS; cmp. as) brother, kinsman; 
fellow, equal, fellow-believer &c. Meg. ll a (play on ahash^ 
verosh, Ahasverns) '31 lisi bti 1H1S a brother (in cruelty) 

to the chief tyrant (Nebucadn.) ; a. fr— PI. dTlX, •)•«*• 
Gen. B. s. 89, beg. (play on ahu, Gen. XLI, 2) in years 
of plenty '31 'S IIDSJ ninaM people are brotherly to each 
other. Ib. s. 99 '31 SMMS1 QiMS brothers to the degraded 
woman (Dinah), .... but not to Joseph; a. fr.— Cant. 
B. to VIII, 1 biMS iSttJ brother and sister. ". 

m, ?^rjS, ^tlN ch. same. Targ. fr.-P?. ^MS, 
Targ. Gen. XIII, 8;Ve.— IMS Yeb. 65 b .— Y. Yorna VI, 
43 d ^iMS owr brothers. 

nijll interj. 1) (b. h.) exclamation of sorrow, Oh! 
Meg. ll a (play on ahashverosh ; v. MSI) *m>6t-ib 'X woe 
upon his head. Snh. 102 b (play on Ahab 3S - MS) i£ttft 'X 
a subject of grief to the Lord, and father (friend) of 
idolatry. — 2 (=Syr.) exclamation of joy, Ah! Targ.' Is. 
XLIV, 16 (h. MXM). ■ 

^H^' ^ty? !) brother ! v - n«.— 2) pr. n. m. Aha. 
Arakh. 22 b ; Keth. 88 a , surnamed MliaM ~W superintend- 
ent of the palace. Y. Ber. II, 5 a B. A. surnamed Eoba; 
a. many others, Y. Taan. II, 65 a bot.; a. v. fr. 

pr. n. 

i. Ahai. Hull. 59 b . 


fcOfi^ NSIlX m. (contr. of xax Tint) father's 
brother~'uncle. "Targ. Jer. XXXII, 7 TpaMS thy uncle. 
Targ. 0. Lev. X, 4 (Ms. I a. Ill iMias MS; Targ. Y. 
xaian q. v.); a. e. Yeb. 21 b Ar. s. v. S3MX ia (ed. 

inn ia). 

Ill&t m., MPS f. (b. h.; v. next w., a. in) one. [Ereq. 
represented by 'X.] Kid. 50 b , a. fr. MMX naa simultan- 
eously, v. nam. Peah III, 3 '31 ii MMXa pibMaM (Ms.M. 
'S3) he who takes out onions with a unity of hand, i. e. 
all of them for one purpose. Ber. 61 b , a. fr. Ma3 MIX to 
Ma31 (abbr. 1"3S2) how much against one, i. e. how 
much the more. — IMS .... IMS Joift ... as weK as. Tern. 
I, 1 '31 Di!i)3SM 'X both, men as well as women. Y. Keth. 
V, 29 d top 11 MMX1 It MMX the one as well as the other; 
a. fr.— 1MX3,- MMS3 at the same time. Tosef. Neg. I, 11; 
sq. Sot. 8^; a. fr.— Yorna I, 7-nMJt 5SM1 and cool thyself 
for once, for a change, v. M1M— PI. tPim 1) singular, 
unique. Yalk. Gen. 62 (ref. to'tiilMS bi"iii Gen. XI, 1) 
they spoke words 'S iJlB bs against two only ones (ref. 
to IMS Ezek. XXXIII, 24 a. Deut, VI, 4) [corr. ace. Gen. 
B. s. 38].— 2) (cmp. IMS) closed up, mysterious. Gen, B, 
1. c. (talk. 1. c. dilMS v. next w.). , 

iriStf (sec. r. of 11M, v. 11MI) to join, close. Part, 
pass. 11MS, ^)Z. WfiMS 1) closed up, mysterious. Yalk. 
Gen. 62, v. foreg.' — 2) joined, united. Gen. B. s. 38 (ref. 1 
to Gen. XI, 1, v. foreg.) 'X vrm common goods, com- 

ini$, Pa. liMS, IMS ch. (v. foreg.) 1) (corresp. to h. 
156 a. ffl'SM; cmp. h. IMS) 1) to close (the door), to lock 
up; to seize, capture. Targ. Is. XXII, 22 liMS. Ib. IIMii, 
liMii (fut.).— Targ. Deut. XXI, 19 IIIMWSi (Pa. ; Var. 
■pIM^TlSi Pe.). Targ. Am. Ill, 5; a. fr.— -Snh. 26 a bot., 
a. e. SliSlV MilMS locked the door. Pes. lll b SIMS 

xmi mb a spirit (demon, disease) seizes him.' — Part, 
pass, I^fix a) locked up. Targ. Josh. VI, 1 ; a. e.—h) (v. 
llhX, s. v.'lhX) holding. Targ. Am. II, 15; a. ix.—Part. 
pass. Pa. im? locked up, hidden. Targ. Job. XXVI, 9. 
2) to <fe»ofe, v.' itix. 

Af. Irjix fo Seize. Targ. Ps. LXXIII, 23. 
. Ithpa. imrt*, innx, I%e. I^lixnx 1) to be seized. 
Targ. Ez. XIX, 4 ; a. fr.- — 2) to be locked up, joined. Targ. 
Is. XXIV, 10 UTiX hX . . . (read UTiXnx). Ib, LIX, 10 
Bashi (ed. in XtlX oorr. aoc). Targ. Job XLI, 9 (8); a. e. 
— YlTFll*. Hull. 52 b X1D1 "X the door was locked. 

S"l!~IS f. (v. foreg.) 1) bolt. Targ. Prov. XVIII, 19 
(read ...1'S "pn).— 2) shutting up. i»m niHX shutting 
up of the womb, barrenness. Ibid. XXX, 16. 

"nUnhN (oontr. of xaXITIX; v. XSTlX) pr. n. m. 
Ahadbo'y, an Amora. Hull. 113 b ; a. e. 

nns, v. ™. 

Sl!"!S, JliriS m. (=b. h. IfiX, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) 
[green], meadow-grass, reed. Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 2. 

llix .possession. Targ. O.Num. 

XXVII,' 7; a.' e. 

rnrij^ f.(b.h.; denom.ofnx) l)brotherhood,brotherly 
love, friendship. Snh.58 b 'X5. among brothers and sisters. 
Gen. B. s. 89 (play on ahu, Gen. XLI, 2) in days of 
plenty there is 'XI nans love and friendship.' — Lev. B. 
s. 2; a. fr — Trnsf. 'X3. jointly. Sabb. 20 a (explain, nx 
Jer. XXXVI, 23) 'Xi ppblSffl &12S Ar., Ms. Oxf. (v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note, ed. XSUHXa cler. error) wood kindled all 
together [perh. with reeds? v. next w.].- — 2) (law) status 
of consanguinity. B. Kam. 88 a a slave 'X lb pXUJ who 
has no legal status of consanguinity. 

mm ch„ v. jon«. 

S1T1S pr. n. m., v. nanxii. 


Sn^llS, v. xminx. 

S311)"[S m. (v. Xinx) 1) meadow-grass, grass (as 
fodde T r). T Y. Ber. VI, 10 a , bot.— 2) willow-twigs used for 
kindling, kindling wood. Sabb. 20 a (explain. UN Jer 
XXXVI, 23; v. mnx 1, end) XSllrtX (Var. XililX) willow- 
fire, lb. one cried 'SI 'X iSS, "Xa who wants Ahvana? 
and it was found he had willow twigs for sale.- — 3) willow- 
bast, lb. 20 b explaining ppX; Ms. M. (ed. XJIirw, Xi*>llrlX), 

n^n^ f. (b. h. fijriX; «1X) possession, inheritance. 
Y. KM. I~60 c top; a. e.' ' Y. Hall. IV, 60 b . [lb. .IITIX 
'21 n»25» strike out the entire sentence.]. Hull. 75 a 

taw minx, v. nnnx. 

S^tinS ch. same. Targ. Ps. II, 8 Ms. (ed. XnTlMX). 
JTlflStf f. (1h) telling, interpretation. Dan. V, 12. 

S^lllS, SiTH'inS f. (v. foreg.) instruction. Targ. 
Ps. XLIX/5; a. fr? 

"'D^inS^ inf. of tflilX, v. ipn a. ipnx. 

DinS, v. bTlX (165). 

^n^, v. torn, 

- S^lftS (Syr. xrrtlfifi, v.xnin, a. Low Aram. 
Pfl. p. T 149) plums. Y. Ber. VI, 10 b bot. (Bab. ib. 39 a 


srrans, arpjiha t (v. &««.) « <%& */ 

plums.' Y. Ber. VI, 10 c top. 

"TinS m. (b. h.; v. 11)1 a. 11)1) 1) &«c&, hind-part, 
buttock. Bekh. 8 a ; Gen. B. s. 20, beg.— Dti. di'ilitix (Ar. 
t^imx). Pes. 17 b , a. fr. -phi 'X the back (outside) and 
the inside of a vessel. — Y. Yoma V, 42 c top ffllpb l^linx 
his back turned to the sanctuary . — Y. Pes. VI, 33 a bot., 
a. fr. "!linxa (prepos.) behind.— "nifiX, ilimb same. Ber. 
61 a ; a. fr— 2) last-. Ib. (ref. to Ps. CXXXIX, 5) 'X 
'=1 HBJSab the last of all things created; Lev. B. s; 14 
taifflSan bab 'X.— 3) farthest back, earliest. Ib. tali m 'X 
■jTOXI ahor (Ps. 1. c.) means the first day. 

fcTfinS. (S"inS<) ch.same. Xlinxb backward. Targ. 
Gen/xLIX, 17;^ iv.—Pl. plifiX, const, *>linx. Targ. 
Ps. LXXVIII, 66 (buttocks).— ilim behind, after. Y. E. 
Hash. II, 58 b top "«ilinx )-Q behind him; a. fr. V. ilin. 
[Targ. Y. Lev. XIX, 26, v, Xlilri.] 

" i ninS,- "HfliS f. (=h. hinx) another, something 
else. Y. Shebu. IV, 35 d top 'IX XSTX another woman 
(wife). Y. Ber. IX, 13 a bot. IX SiB^lO another method, 
Lev. B. s. 14, beg. 'IX lax said differently. Y. Meg. II, 
74 a top 'inx another (scroll). Gen. B. s. 76 '1)1X another 
(word, in reply). [Targ. "Itlix. Targ. Gen. XXVI, 21 ; 
a. fr.]— [Dan. II, 39; VII, 5; '6; iinx.] V. ilin. 

m'TlS f. (b. h.; nnx, v. nxl) sister. Yeb. I, 1; a. fr. 
—Hull. n4 a (of animals).— PI. WtW. Yeb. III. 1 ; a. e. 

HIS (b. h.; sec. r. of-'lin, cmp. IfiX) 1) to press, seize, 
hold, keep; to befall. Snh. 27 b '31 ntUSa^ ptfiix hold- 
ing in their hands the doing of their fathers, i. e. 
following their father's example. Bekh. 33 b dl ilhX he 
had an attack of congestion. Y. Pes. I, 28 b dirt tlimx 
the animal attacked with congestion. Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c 
bot. pS IWnX a pain in the eye seized him. Ib. XIX, end, 
17 b nan Itiinx fever overtook him; a. fr. — -a Wist to have 
a hold of.—B. Mets. I, 1. Y. Yoma II, 39 c top;" a. fr.— 
Part. pass. llflX holding fast, having a firm hold. Ex. 
B. s. 46 (v. inx).— 2) craisn nx 'X to capture the eye- 
sight, to delude by optical deception. Snh. 65 b ; a. e. 

Nif. 1)1X3 to be seized. Y. Taan. II, 65 d top; a. e. 

*Hif. l^nxn to distribute split wood (kindling chips) 
in the gaps of a large pile, to ignite with kindling wood. 
Sabb. I, 11 (19 b sq.) pr^Ol ed. (Mss., Ar. a. Y. ib. 
beg. 4 C pfliai, ed. Ven. pTTral); v. .110. 


^n^, nn^ ( ym, cmp. 33tt) to unite. Part. pass. 
isinx wwited. Num. E. s. 13, beg. tesst D^m IT™ they 
shall he united with him (around his ytable). 

Pi. Tift% to join; to sew together (with fine stitches); 
cmp. tain; IIM. Gen. E. s. 39 beg. '31 m 'KB dffns 
Abraham who united all mankind into a brotherhood 
(by the belief in one God), '31 nma K1TO JTD like one 
who sews &c, v. infra. Ex. E. s. 40, end. — Esp. to mend, 
by stitching, the rent of the garment torn in mourning. 
M.Kat. 22 b ; a. fr. lb. 26? piffisito stitch them together. 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. nnxtp, nnstins 1) to be joined; to 
be stitched together. Hum's, s. is/heg. (play on Tiinx 
Cant.V, 1) '31 "6 mxni they were joined to me (I joined 
them) in the captivity. Gen. E. s. 68 ninxha, v. "|3N. 
M. Kat. 26 a -priXl-ia ")iX must not be stitched' together.'— 

2) to be joined by grafting, to grow together. Y. Kil. I, 
27 a top '=1 tXn p they (the two seeds) combine. Y. 
Shebi. II, end, 34 a bot. Y. Orl. I, 61 a bot. 

■ Yl&t oh., Pa. im as foreg. Pi. Targ. Koh. in, 7 
fixnsi to sew together. 

"Pi"! IS 1) part. pass, of Hilt q. v.— 2) (=h. WB, v. 
nm) singled out, devoted, betrothed. Targ. 0. Lev. XIX, 
20. Targ. Ps. CXIV, 2. Targ. Cant. VI, 9. 

tTVnRl ■ CitiX) taking possession, capture. Meg. 6 a 
lis bnsa rvm? mix ■piip T<n Ms. (ed. t>ib, Ar. *n») 

they recorded the act (of taking the place afterwards 
called Csesarea) as the capture of Migdal Tsor. 

HTn^II f. (h. .s-nih) enigma.— PI )^m Dan. 
V, 12. T 

n'TjiS (b. h.) pr. n. m. Ahiyah, several men of var- 
ious periods. 1) Shek.V,l D.i502n is 'X A. superintendent 
of the Temple libations (wines, oils).— 2) Ber. 63 b A., 
a Babylonian scholar opposing Palestine authorities. — 

3) SY«m "ai E. A., aTannai. M. Kat. 20 a ; a. e. Ibid. 11 
'31 Tini Wft"\ E. Hiya (although a Chald. abbreviation 
of Ahiyah) and E. A. are two different persons., 

.niTO pi. of win* . 

JADTni^ f. (^n) reanimation, resurrection. Targ. 
Hos. VI, 2 ... rft^m resurrection of &c; a. e. 

" l1 ^l^? P r - n - m - Ahai (v. "WHS). Kid. 22 b . 

^H^! f - (^ c **' fe awd f ever > trem Ning. Git. 70 a 
(explained, as 'fire of the bones'). Ber. 32 a (play on \m 

Ex. xxxn, li). [ib. i2 b iWix Af. of iiinn.] 

D" 1 !!^, 'X "i&3 pr. n. pi. K'far Ahim. Men. 85 a . 
Tosef. 'ib. IX, 2 dlflK. 

^^InN f., pi. nwrttjt (prob. to be read W51K*, 
v. SWini<) 'plums. Y. Dem.II, 22 4 top. 

n?ri!^ f. (bin) defilement of a priest's daughter, v. 
nVbn. Siih/ee 1 " '31 nrfem ninn t=S if her first defilement 
occurred in whoredom (not in wedlock with one degraded). 

SSrPQn^ f. (cmp. h. nan) pot, closed vessel. PL 
■jWariK.' Targ. Esth. I, 4. 

"iHtli^ m. ("ran) ruby, name of a jewel in the High- 
priest's breast-plate. Targ. Cant. V, 14; v. ll^aD. 

sinrw, isnans m ., Ar, v. mm. 

i$n2!"li^ pr. n. pi. Ahm'tha, Ecbatana, capital of 
Media. Ezra VI, 2, v. fron; v. Schr. K. A. T. <p: 378. 

flS^, S"bS &"n«, a formula representing a per- 
mutation of letters wherein the first (X) interchanges 
with the eighth (n) and with the fifteenth (0) ; the second 
(3) with the ninth (D) and with the sixteenth (3), &c. 

Sabb. i04 a tpa s"as D"n«=iBfiai» iiBa Dn^s 6ri 13s* 

Spia I shall spare them because they resisted sensual 
temptations; v. SpS. 

fcCOflfct, S$iT0t>n^ f - CP ri ) property, inheritance. 
Targ. T Lev. XIV, 34 ; a! e.— B. Bath. 133 b 'X "nias who 
unlawfully pass an inheritance from one hand to another. 

"iH&t (b. h. ; denom. of Tins) 1) to be behind, v. Pi. 
■ — 2) (euphem.) to cover (of camels). B. Bath. 93 a ; Shebu. 
34 a ; Snh. 37 b (Ms. M. B. Bath. 1. c. "I'm). Tosef. B. Kam. 
Ill, 6 Ipii*. 

Pi. ins, irffl* to tarry, hesitate; to set behind. Pes. 
IX, 9 "VrpA at* if I should be late. Y. Yoma III, 40 c 
top niDSa 13 'X the text orders a later action after it. 
Y.Ned.X, 42 ab m^osi '!& he tarried in standing, i. e. was 
the last to sit down. Gen. E. s. 81, beg. 1TI5 ns< SIX 'X 
if one procrastinates the fulfillment of his vow; a. fr. 

Pu. (and Sof.) iniN, "rtflU to be postponed, be done 
late, be placed later \ Y. Yoma III, 40 c top inixa b^33 
hTi would belong to things to be done later. Ib. "insM' 1 
'31 let it be done later than &q.- r -fl*rins iniital Cttpla -px 
there is no 'earlier' or 'later' (no chronological order) 
in the events or laws of the Scripture. Pes. 6 b ; a. e.; 
Y. Sot. VIII, 22 d inwa.— Shebi. X, 5, a. fr. imsa (a 
document) postdated, opp. blpla antedated. B. Mets. 
V, io rrnixa r 

"iF"!^ ch. same. 1) to be behind. 2) *to cover. Targ. 
Jer. V, 8 (of steeds, h. text HWm; some ed. 1 for. 1). 

Pa. as foreg. Pi., to tarry; to retard. Targ. O. Gen. 
XXXIV, 19; a. fr. Sabb. 119 a Iminst take ye a later 
meal (on Sabbaths). 

Af. iniX same. Targ. II Sam. XX, 5; a. fr.— [Targ. 
Prov. XXIII, 30 ■pma, 'pnila Part. Af. or Pa. of in^ 
'^nia, 'inxa.] 

*Ithpe. intftta, contr. intiX to be delayed. Targ. Y. I 
Deut. I, 2 ; cmp. however ib. v. 6, v. WIS. 

"IfiS (b. h.; v. foreg.), pi. constr. *ins after, behind. 
Gen. E. s. 44 wherever the Bible uses the preposition 
ahare "[lab, it means in connection with, J&Sia ins while 
o^ar means without connection (fafer on). Yoma 6 a 
'S in» after 'after', i. e. some time after the act, opp. 
ins in one 'after', immediately, v. O'PWiS.— nrwi, rrnnsls, 
■Hinso, niinsa after it, as concluding, opp. mtb, 'ntib 
introductory (prayer). — Ber. I, 4 'sV nns one benediction 
after the Sh'ma. lb. Ill, 4 Ynnsb (prayer) after meal; 
a. fr.- — 11 in&6s> as if doing a thing with the back of 
the hand, i. e. in a manner different from the usual way 
of doing it. Sabb. 153 b ; a. fr.— IllSa 1) (conj. followed 
by -as or -1) after, since, whereas, became. Hull. 29 a 
•O^IBUJ 'sa after it has once been stated in the Mishnah 

why was it necessary (?) &c. Ib. b '31 'i£S1 insai and . 

since it is not even rabbinically unfit, why &c. ; a. fr. — 
2) a legal term, meahar, the presumption of the truth 
of one's statement, because he might have pleaded more 
profitably, if he had been inclined to lie. Y. Shebu. VI, 
36 d bot. '31 msa 'sa "pooa Calais fis in money matters 
we do not apply the principle of meaher, so as to say 
that because he might have said 'thou hast not lent 
me anything', he may say, 'thou didst lend me, but I 
paid half of it' (and his plea must be accepted without 
an oath) ; v. iai» s. v. ia.— *pins thy successor. Y. Kil. 
lX,32 c top '31 'S 133 niin^my son Judah shall succeed thee, 
none else (is worthy). Keth. 95 b my property I bequeath 
to thee tb TpinKVamd after thee it shall go over to . . .• 
—^3 "MS (abbrev. 3"ns) afterwards, subsequently. Pes. 
X, 2 T ; a. v. fr. 

"iHS m. (b. h.; v. foreg. a. ilin) [back of,] another, 
the other, stranger. 'S 131 (abbr. S'l) 1) another thing, 
another explanation. Snh. IV, 5; a, v. fr. in Midr. — 
2) euphem. for idolatry, swine &c, v. 131. 3) After, 
[apostate,] byname of Elisha ben Abuyah. Hag. 14 b ; a.e. 
— PI. Wins others; 1) freq. in Mishn. for anonymous 
authorities differing in opinion, WlalS 'S, v. Hor. IS 1 ' Ipi&X 
'S I^Sa 'iV E. Meir is quoted under the word aherim. — 
2) freq. for strangers, gentiles. Snh.52 b 'S niiJS the wife of 
anon-Israelite. B. Mets. lll b ; a. fr. — Fern. hlnX. Yoma 
I, 1 'S ntUS a second (additional) wife; a. fr. — Snh. 104 a 
'S 1121 nsi this and something besides (shall happen). 

snhN, anha v. si™. 

JflnS, . 'u.*5 m. (foreg. wds.) prop, designated to 
step behind, substitute; hence, he who (or that which) 
is gone back to, obligated, pledged; surety, guarantor. — 
PI. WSInS, "pins. Dem. Ill, 5 '31 'S US pS we ars not 
responsible for deceivers. Pes. IX, 9 nib .11 pSins ps 
they are not responsible to one another (need not care for 
each other). Y. Keth. VIII, end, 32 b a. fr. 'S li&SS bi 
all his landed property is pledged for &c. 

."]l~inS m., nsiins f. (rrtiins f. noun) other, next, 
last. Meg. 21 b ; a. fr. 'S the last of those called up to 
read from the Torah.— PI. drills m., niJlins f.— 'S Wa 
the washing of hands after meals before grace, opp. 
dWBSI Wa washihg before meals. Ber. 53 b ; a. fr. — 


'X mill or only Wilms the latter (present) generation, 
opp. biJlUSSI ancients. Yoma 9 b ; a. fr. — Ber. 13 a mis 
'31 'S the latter (present) troubles bring the former into 
oblivion. — 'S (111313) the three last sections in the Prayer 
ofBenedictions. Ibid.34 a ; — Erub.53 b hijiirs second 
wife; v. rTOiins.— nsiinsa (adv.) last. B.Kam.V; a. e. 

"HHS v. "171ns. 

WHrlS f. (v. "Wins) surety, esp. mortgaged prop- 
erty, or property which may be resorted to in case of 
non-payment (even if sold). — 'S ynb UJilB d"i&3i property, 
from which debts may eventually be collected (landed 
property), 'S tirib "pSlD '3 property which cannot be re- 
sorted to (movable property). Kid. I, 5; a. fr.— B. Mets. 
ni, 11 'jniiinsb 3iin is responsible for them (if lost). 
Men. 109 a ; a. fr. — b^DSS 'S an obligation for which pro- 
perty is pledged. Keth.34 b ;— Ib.51 b , a.e. documents 
'; 'S 'jha "pStD in which the clause pledging property is 
omitted. Ib. a ; a. e. Sin 1S1& niSB 'S the omission of the 
clause pledging property is considered as the scribe's 
mistake (hence has no legal consequences). B. Mets. 14 a , 
a. e. 'S3 . . . 13aU3 falsi if E. sold to S. a field with 
surety (guaranteeing the title). 

SrVp-inS f. (=h. rvins) future. Targ. Y. II Deut. 
XXXH, 29;"'a7e. . 

^nns ,v. wns. 

S^TTIS m. another, the other, later, last. Y. Pes. I, 
end, 28 bT 'S S11BT 1 '1 the other (last named) E. Josh.— 
Y. Be?. II, 5 b top 'S SpT>B last chapter.— PI. pins. 
Y. Ter. VIH, 45 d bot. fimai 'S those (drinking) later, 
drank and died.— S^irs. Y. Meg. Ill, 74 b bot. T0aih 
'S S^plbS the last eight verses.— Fern. Stains, srV^ins. 
Y. Taan. I, beg. 63 c . Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d 'S3 in the last 
one.— Targ..Prov. V, 20 sn^ms stranger. .—lb. XXV, 8, 
a. fr. 'S3 at last, in the end.— PI. SrV^ins. lb. XXIV, 
14 Ms. (ed. sing.). 

&0"HriN m. another. Hull. 12 a 'S WS another man. 
Bets. 28 a 'S 'ilia something different.— 'S S3Urt(abbr.'S"'b) 
another-version. Pes. 97 b , a. fr.— PI. Wins. Yeb. 45 a ; 
a. fr. Cmp. fins. 

rP"iriS f. (b. h.) future, end. Y. Meg. in, 74 a hot. 

SrjIHhS v. smpns s. v. s^ins. 

'Fl*™lnfi5 ch.=h. nins another, something besides. 
Erub. 23 aV S snV-'a another subject. Pes. 50 a ; a. fr. 

T10$ lini«, s;nnis *. ch.=h. ^ *«* 

Ex. T x T x, T 3; T a.'fr.— FemTsnsinis, niiinis, srwins. 

Targ. O. ib. XXI, 10 (another, additional wife). Ibid, 
Gen. XVII, 21.— Lam. E. to IV, 2.— B. Bath. 16 a snijins 
a stranger (not his own wife).— PI. fJSIItlS, T^ilffiS. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 3; a. e. SriS^Sins. ' Cant/k' to 
IV, 12.— [Targ. Y. Gen. XXXV, 8' snTOjy finis a repet- 
itioa of weeping, v. filbSIL] 


. S^BijgTS, T? . • • : m. pi. (h'. OT . . . . .) safo^s, 
Persian governors. I)an. Ill, 2; a. e. — Cant.B. to VII, 9. 

rins* v. m 

nrii< (rinis), srin^ f. ch.=h. nk. Tar g . j er . 

XXIM8 ;— Pes. 4 a ] a^ fr.— PI. sniiriX. Targ. Job, 1, 4 
(ed.^nirt); a.' e.— Yeb. 32 b . Sabb. 13*' Yeb. 66 a top (ftoin 

ta.X, 11 3t35< Atbah, a formula of combination or 
interchange of two letters the numerical sum of which 
is either ten (e. g. B"K=1 + 9 ; h"a=2 -f 8) or one hundred 
(e.' g. 3"i=10 + 90 f B"2=20 + 80=100), whereby h and J, 
remain isolated or substitute each other. Ex. E. s. 
15 (allusion to p Num. XXIII, 9).— Succ. 52 b rV'aB&O 
■jibs ri'iribi '3 'pip (JOTi "1 ill)) in the Atbah (of B. 
Hiya) sahadah finds a substitute in wo»jow (v. Prov. 
XXIX, 21). 

SHi^K m. (DBS, cmp. BBln=D, h. hai, pi. S^ftS), pi. 
•pas plough-shares. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot. (expl. treixb 
(Is. II, 4) 'tjfc (Ar. by cler. err. pi'iasi). . 

8TC31S, Af. ■$*& v. '%', «ib\ 

^SpX (SJPSltaN) m. (saa, v.'hsaa) n«^, /loofc, 
clasp. Men. 32 a I'lB'tn 'X clasp for fastening the leaves 
of books while reading.— PI. i||B8 OttSlBK). Sabb. 98 a 
Ar. pBX (ed. ^3BN ^saBNa, sonie ed. "Waaa 'X3, corr. 
ace, Ms. M. only isaa'a,^ margin tlBX; v. Eabb. D. S. 
a, 1.). Num. B. s. 6 (in Hebr. diction) bl"Q hw 'X iron 
clasps (to fasten the boards on the wagon). 

m'taa v. t&"S. 

TD5J m. (b. h.; y r BX, v. XBK) iSAoTO. Gen. B. s. 100. 
Sot. 13V- Y. Ned. VI, end 40 a ' 'Kh laia the desert of 
ittad.— H. riM. Stiebi. Vtl, 5; a." e. [V. Sixi. Ant. s. 
v. Cardiius.] 

ht$&, )X1U& ch. same. Targ. Gen. L, 10.— Targ. 
Ps. LVIII, loT Ms. (ed. IfflBK); a. e.— PI. 'pax. Targ. 
O. Gen. lit; 18. (Y. 'pBBJS)' 'Targ . Hbsi X, S (some ed. 

1TDi{ (abbrev. of blBax, v. siBsK) 1) ow account of, 
because of, for 'tXe sake of (hi SSiaj. Wo "K SJ.TO i&Sp 
they fined the inadvertent transgressor for the sake of 
the wilfuLpne (in. order to prevent wilful sin). Git. 53 b ; 
a. fr.— 2) (in .questions expressing surprise, indignation) 
is ft because?^ #o you mean Jo say? lb. 7 a v& vavt 'X 
"SttST dp I. no| know it iiryself? lb. 30 b 'ppbs W»"Q 'X 
is it with picked men we have to deal? (i. e. shall we 
presume deliberate sin?); a. v. fr. 

X&RSS&, MVHN bL (cmp..b. h. ^j prok fr. 
fiiB to spin; for oth. etym. v.Ges.H. Dict.s.v. p&) rope, 

chord. Targ. Josh. II, 15. Targ. Job. XXX, 11 (ed. give 
all var. combined, v. KFtolMili). — B. Hash. 23 a NSrrtDl 'X 
(some ed. iJlBS-pl.) flaxrope.— PI. "pMBIX, K^BiS; ('bx). 
Targ. I Kings XX, 31 ; a. fr. [Tosef. Maasr. Ill, 8 yv<0». 
ed.,- ed. Zuck. "pS^aS, Var. ■piBit q. v.] 

ONUX, 02112 m. (cmp. d6vvo«; v. Sm. Ant. s. V.) 
tunny-fish.' Hull. 66 b ; Ab. Zar. 39 a Ms. M. (ed. 'BIX). 
Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27 &"W0!* ed. Zuck. (Var. diJ'WJK). 
lb. Kel. B. Mets. II, 17 OStBa" blB^i ; (read as) Hull. 25 a 
"IBa ItTBfrb to polish a vessel with the skin of a tunny. 
*Cant. E. to I, 7 '31 bJIJX ^a Has (read "1BX; Ex. E. 
s. 2 msila) how many kinds of tunny fish hast thou pre- 
pared for the lying-in among them? V. bSOBEbSX. 

' M31TE3S< Keth. 61 a bot., v. isjisn;. 

Ot3 n I3H Hall. IV, 11 (12) Ar.,'Ms. M.; ed. Talm. Y. 
'«' p, Mishn. D151B3X; Tem. 21 a Ar., ed. biSi^BSX p, q. v. 

O^IDW v. t«*«. 

6iD^S<, Din^K m. (Sto^oO present, ready. 
Targ. Y. Num. XI, 26; a. fr.— Gen. E. s. 48 it does not 
read WW (standing) but aSi (placed on his post), i. e. 
'BS ready (to proceed). Cant. E. to II, 9 <-i«. Gen. 
E. s/100. 

yumas v . t^m- 

XWm v. next w. 

jlO^EPElK m. (neut., or accus. of ar^xos (some- 
thing) inkaludile, priceless' . Y. Peah I, i5 d bot. •bxvn ih 
'X xaa (read 8*fli) a pearl worth a priceless treasure. 
Gen. E. s. 35 end 'jiBa'iBK n^Sla. *Euth E. next to 
I, 18 XBi&IBb^l i6*>a read SB^BS ' shiis'ia an invalu- 
able pearl. 

rKWtftaa v. next w. 

lnirbD ,1 t3^, 'lT-i< f. (iToifiaota) well secured and 
supplied station'.' Num. E. s. 16, end. 

y?m, I^IS)? (pi2^) m. pi. (a cohtr. of 
p"'2>BX; SB5) kerbs selected for planting purposes. Tosef. 
Maasr. ill, 8 ^B« ed. Zuck. (Var. ">BS; ed. "1BX). Y. ib. 
V, beg. 51 b 115BS. C!mp. brjljj; T^niB. 

K&" 1 'E355_in. (C|BJ, cmp. C)iB) Sro^-Mfi cwii!^ m tte 
cAeese. M "iB^. Ab. Zar. 35 b 'ii ^S^a Ar. (ed. i|BS;) 
betweeh the Holes. 

bia^ Af. of vb?. 

^^btDK/Ta" 1 ^ m. (bhtyjest. Erub. 68 b 'W1 S3in 
derision and jest (Ar. a. Ms. Oxf. xi^B), 

Nfflblil!^ if., const. h6BX (5bS) throwing, icktiHg. 
'l"i5aX 'X stoning to deatn. Targ. Y. Ex, XXI, 17; a. e. 

tf V?ES*, ^btgl, V. S^S. 

rbm, rba-w, obaa, d^k *.(*>!«, with 

format. - ! or D ; cmp. 'ppplK ;* v. ^a II, ftal, II) a number 
of booths put up for a mercantile fair, or for popular 
entertainments; whence (cmp. rvon) sfops, bazaar (v. 
esp. Gen. B. s. 79, quot. bel.). Hull. 91 b &BB1K bp 'S the 
fair of Emmaus. Pesik. Asser p. 98 b . Arakh. VI, 5 (24 s ) dS 
t^B^S^ nms 'pViaa if they delay the sale for the market 
day ; a. fr — PI. ytABS &c. Gen. B. s. 79 (ref. to fm 
'and he encamped'=made a PUSH Gen. XXXIII, 18) 
Jacob was the first 'S Tvasa Ar. (ed. also "papain, v. 
B^Bri) to put up stores and sell cheap; [Koh. B. to X, 8; 
Est.' E. to I, 9, sing., some ed. &"tyTS, O^PIX (!)]. Cmp. 
P>BS, ^B&S &o. [Tosef. Hull. I, 7 O^asa read pbasa hy 
throwing; cmp. Hull. I2 b '31 P3S p.m.] y. pPb^a^K 

pb"D5$ m. (v. next w.) throw, thrust. Tosef. Hull. 1, 7 ; 
v. rtBS end. 

^rftpbtaSSi f. (p*>B) &ein# Uj-oww. Targ. Job. Ill, 4 
rprflp^asa (Var. 'ibi^S) on his being thrown. 

D T Jj$ (b. h.; sec. r. of daa) fo obstruct, close, fill up. 
Part. pass. diss, f. Baias l) /Wfed Mp, solid. Zeb. 6i h 
Balsa 'S filled'up with earth, opp. b#tn. Hull. 47 b 'S 
rwra v. dais. Y. B. Bath. II, 13 c top 'S irvo a solid 
wall.— 2) (cmp. Blaana) stumped, shapeless. Nid. 24 a 
'X E)1S the stump of a human body (of the embryo). lb. 
'S "inbsViaiU ns an embryo whose scull is a shapeless 
lump (no scull discernible). T. ib. Ill, 50 d top. — Trnsf. 
Snh. 44 b nms dais he locks up the sins (makes them 
invisible, cmp. )iSO) ; v. "liaapS. 

SO?** (^DTa" 1 ^) m. (v. foreg.) something solid, 
whence the solid part, flank. Targ. II, Esth. I, 2. — B. 
Mets. 23 b 'SI i» .mm i» Ar. (ed. 'ST IS SpSTT IS, v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 3) whether from the ribs or from 
the flank. Hull. 42 b yti Spia the thickest part of the 
flank (the thigh, hip).— B. Bath. 73 b 'S ' pri S^n one 
(goose) lifted up its thigh (leg).— PL laax. Hull ,8 a 'S 
S3311p^ Wpl solid pieces (roast) intended for a present. 
Sabb. 49 a .— snaas. Snh. 59 b ed. (Ms. SBBaaS). Lam. B. 
to I, i (van) snsaas.— Hull. 97 b snnaax iron those 
solid pieces of the' 'thigh. Erub. 57 b jjnifih 'S ed. (Ms. 
snsaas) flanks (projecting parts) of a wall. V. sai^S. 

d^BK, DDEN, 03DN Esth. B. to I, 14, read 

B">;ijs, v. .SMS. 

asm v. ss^s. 

&t"TQpI2X, prob. Papas or iBRBg m. pi. (SxaxTOi) 
undisciplined, irregular troops. Pesik. Ekhah p. 122 b 
(explaining: 'thy princes are rebels' Is. I, 23) -pSPlS 
'S P3iita llfrt d"0Pla 'thy lords are rebels'— for they 
equipped irregulars. [This seems to, be the proper ver- 
siou restored from Ar. a. Var.; v. Pesik. 1. c. .note 75.] 

"itaS;, "it?" 1 !!* m. (b. h. IBS, v. Hebr. Diet.), sub. 
ijia'' *n one whose right hand is tied up or unfit for labor; 
left-handed. Sabb. 103 a "P^s. Men.' 37 a only 'S. Tosef. 
Bekh. V, 8 '31 TO P3 '!*; Bekh. 45 b '=1 "P3 P3 'S one 
either left-handed or left-legged (v. Bashi a. 1.). 

O^TiiTnaK pr. n. pi. Tripolis, on the coast of 
Phoenicia. Y.' S~abb. IH, 6° top; (Bab. ib. 45 b Sidon). 

WilON, Wl"^!* m. (v. »$*#) orange (tree, 
a. fruit). Targ. Cant. II, 3 (h. text nisH, some ed. ITS). 
Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a hot. * ■ 

^im v. yhe% 

"'"ItilS, ^nHtSl&jl f. (1B3; cmp. -r)m a. rvvna) prop. 
something preserved, hence rfow^A preserved, vermicelli. 
■ Y. Hall. I, 57 d bot. as I intend making 'S ininiis my 
dough into vermicelli. Y. Bets. I, 60 d '31 sn^BS S^n 
to make verm.- (on Holy Days), if for drying them, it is 
forbidden &e. 

5<3iD~lt3^ pr. n. pi. Trachqnitis, a district .east of 
Gaulanitis. Tjirg.Y.II, Deut. Ill, 14 (h. Argob). V. JOIilB. 

^TJS^, •^S T 1'PS m. (=S6"!B; h. 6)nB) leaf. Git. 69 b 
(collector— f?: T pBhBS, isSbS.' Targ. Ps'. I, 3. B. Mets. 
114 b (Var. iBIB, v.' Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 

rri !S« prefix, v. "S. 

^ I fern, of W q. v. 

"Wll, ''^I (=rs; h. BS; c.mj). .is) I) if, whether. 
Targ". Cant. VH, 13; a. e.— Ber. 2 a , a. fr. lama (a,bbrey. 
n"S) if this ,be so (introducing an ,ajgument aga,inst one's 
opinion). — ^B.H^sh.3 a/ 3V!UaBa 13 khi has four meapings, 
"'S if, &c. — ibb ist (abbrev. 3"X) a) if you choose, it may 
also be said; or. B. Mets. 98? ; a. fr.— b) even if, v. "naj. 
Hull. 12 a '31 sa^il 3"S (Bashi '31 IU13.1S J»aaJ 3"S) even 
if somebody else overheard it; a. fr.— -Saiffla mas is 
(abbr. 3"SS=maK TK Salsffl3) I grant, if you were to say 
.... IJiin then would be right what &c; v. Kabma. X oma 

17 b ; ». fr.— is is whether ...or. Targ. Koh. XI, 6. 

B. Mets. 98 a ; a. fr. — 2) adv. of interrogation, v. -yK H. 
Targ. Job XI, 2 Ms. (ed. PS). 

n NlII (=h.PS) not. Git. IV, 5 -ross ■« it is.yivpos- 
sible.' Keth. XII, 3 ^BS "W I want not; a. fr. 

^IY (abbr. of n-^S, as -4=k4) there is: Y. Snh. VI, 
23 b bot. '31 13 ■« there is in me (the po^sibiHty of) 
doing, i. e. I can do it. Ib. '31 '"iK Ina what' is it thou 
canst do? (v. Y. Hagi II, 78 a top). 

. ■'S^II (b. h. ■«) Interj. Eh! Oh! Woe! Targ. Y. II, 
Lev.'xXVI, 29.— Taan. 7, a '31 .naSB ^S 0,h, for such a 
brilliant mind in such an ugly vessel (bodjy) I B. Hash. 
19 a d">au: is Oh heavens !; *ai fr. Y. Shek.'V, end, 49 b 
'31 13KJB '■& is woe unto me, that I thus see thee I Y. Yeb. 
XHI, 14?" top;' a. fr. [BabU, usually ^is.] 


. (cmp. ax) growth, fruit. Targ. 

=Kax father. Targ. Y. Num. 

;. Targ. I Kings VI, 3 

"^ III O**) h. a. ch. (b. h. lit, rn&) where? what? 
how?—)in "W whence? Targ. Josh. II, 4; a. e.— Hebr. 
fil T* (often rrpx, nj« in one word) wAo? which? Y. 
Kil. VIII, beg.31 b laxs 131 nntOs with regard to what 
(in what way, sense) has it been said ? Y. Shebi. I, beg. 
33 a fn nt "Wl and which (ploughing time) is this?; a. v. 
fr.— Y. Peah III, 17 c top SWa 13*1 i"W (^ilitf) and 
what is the meaning of merog? Kerith. 6 b "psia 11&& 
"o^ISS what need is there (of the others)? Cmp. njiX; 
"WW; is" 1 ?. 

n^ v. a*. 

Gen. IV,' 3; a. eJ; v. ! 
XXX, T 4;'a. fr. 

*a;n^H^ai, P i.a 

(ed. Vien. x;aaiS;). T 

HITX f. (b. h.; a?8, yiX or 3K, cmp. rTOXaK, ',1X, 
"(is) 1) enmity, hostility, grudge. Snh. Ill, 5 an enemy 
is he who has not spoken to his neighbor for three days 
'SO in his grudge; a. fr. — 'X (">SSa) dlffla for the sake of 
preventing ill-feeling. Y. Dem. IV, 24 a ; a. fr.— 2) aver- 
sion, disgust, loss of attraction. Y. Yoma VIII, 44 d hot. 
'X iSBa.ln&3H the bride (is permitted to wash her face on 
the Day of Atone.) that she may not lose her attraction. 

IS^, 12SSI (tH" 1 ^) f. (ass, yas. cmp. tea) [Jfacft], 

name of a bird (h. fiSSX) wftwre or kite. Targ. 0. Lev. 
XI, 19; Deut.XIV, 18' (Targ. Y. XHaslX). [Targ. Y. I, II 
Deut. XIV, 13; 14, gloss to v. 18; confounded with v. 
13 — h. text irPX.] — Enst pr. n. m., v. SX. 

"mS" 1 ^ m. (13X) ruin, destruction. Ab. Zar. 33 a 
"&6 h"m is wasted. Hull. ll b nafflS 'X DTOa to prevent 
loss of life (to save the convict). Bets. 22 a 'paa "flax pecu- 
niary loss; a. fr. 

5 ! fi" l Nl m. Cxx<) mourning; v. rtftias. Yeb. IV, 
10; a. e." 

b^SSlII, iO^I* ch., v. 'ax. 

DQiS v. was. 

"blSPSt, 'K HSD, y. was. 

DliTN m. (03X) stuffing, forcing food down the an- 
imal's throat. Erub. 20 b (first time) '21 "jWBS ">X Xfll in 
stuffing, is it not as if taking a vessel in hand &c? 
[Second time '21 ',Xa3 'X SUl omitted in Ms. M.] 

, *XWTTX, TXrr&X-L pi. (prob. contr. of 
"-PSa^X; "isa), X1!T!1 'x lamp-lighters, hand-maids who 
attended to the lights. Y. Yoma III, beg. 40 b ; Y. E. 

Hash. II, beg. 57 d it handled things forbidden to 

handle on the Sabbath Tl 'X D1S bv (Y. E. Hash. 1. c, 

insert DIB) on the lamplighters' declaring that night had 
set in (nai» iXSSia roWl). [The context proves that our 
w. designates a person or persons,] 

!^b3" l 5<=!!<bD!S<. Targ. O. Gen. L, 10; a. e. ed. Berl., 
oth. ed.' X$ax. 

d^ba">», v. r va«. 

n" 1 ^" 1 ^ (=rvwa -w, v. isa) if thou so desirest; or. 
Xa^X 'XI— Xa^X 'X (abbr. X"3X) if you choose, I may 
say ... or if you prefer (another solution) I may say ... 

""Q" 1 ^} pi. tji-ia^x, 'pia">x, v. lax. 

Jj^nn* 1 ?!^, 2^ ch.(=foreg.)l)Wm&.Targ.Job.II,4(Ms. 
Xiaix). Yoma25 b .— Trnsf. arm, wing, pinion. Sabb. 90 b . 
X^XailJI 'X left arm.— PL 'pa'W, X^ia^X. Targ. Lev. I, 8, 
a. e. (pieces). Targ, Ezek. XVII* 3'; Deut. XXXII, 11 
(wings). — 2) membrum genitale. Targ. Y. Gen. XIV, 2; 
I ibid. XLIX, 24.— [B. Mets. 84 a , v. rVJia'W.] 

StHj'fi* (13X to be strong) indeed, to be sure. Hull. 
59 b irV Win 'X indeed, I should like to see him. Git. 
56 b top !"\X JOia 'X indeed, thou art a sovereign. 

' (Kri!>t*H!2" l fcf f. pi. (v. next w.) enough for a meal 
in the household.' Erub. 82 b 'X XHS^I Hin Ms. M. (ed. 
jsninaix, Asheri, ed. Ven. xninas* v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note) two large loaves of the household (or of mourners' 
meals). [Eashi, expl. our w. as loaves of drivers of oxen, 
appears to have had. before him the vers, of Ms. M. and 
to derive our w. from Xia, v. 131 a. 1BX.] 

n^"1D' 1 i< f. (na, v. scjiairt) a meal. B. Mets. 84 a 
"31 'll"'!* 'one meal of E. Ismael &c. (v. Eabb. D. S. to 
xnxnaix, Erub. 82 b , note 1); cmp. Pesik. B'shall. p. 90 b 
sq., a. Ber. 44 a ). [Some read rinsm v. Xia^iX: 2).] 

"P")!^ Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 b hot. read insist; v. ism 
[V. however, xnxnjrx end.] 

Stf"n~Q" , !tf Y. M. Kat. Ill, end, 83 d , v. X*iain. 

"WIS, v.nsx. 

&<H^P&^&n!p& Targ. Zeph. I, 5 (pi.) S^WW 
(ed. Vien. 'lSX). TT ' ' 

"nW v. rrb*. 

ri!j4"'J' 1 !!< f. (alyeia, sub. 8opa) goat-skin: Gen.- E, 
s. 20, end.. ' 

vbp s v. K^tK. 

~lJ n 5< -(1S«n) [vaulted] roof. Arakh. 32 a ; Meg.5 b 114} 
'lit a city line formed by joining roofs, opp. Slain. — 

fcn^K, *nj1», ^nj5< (also 'in* with Dagesh) 
const. T 1JiA same T . ' Targ.Prov. XXI, 9 ; a. fr.— Euth. E. to 

I,. 17 (Par. 3) )">tibt> IJ^X roof of the palace. Git. 85 b 
(Rashi m»NS, corr. ace), v. rniX.—Pl. i^VK, S*^1S\N;; 
•np*. Targ. II Kings XIX, 26; a. e.— Y* Pes. VII, W' 
(Cant. B. to II, 14 nxwQX, corr. ace); v. KIWI. Lam. 
B. introd. (B. Yoh. 1) "fp^O 'KVl and they ascend the 
roofs. Pes. lll b 'X "Q1 those (demons) dwelling on roofs. 

&nfN letter, v. m^ . 

SFniPS, 'SXf. XiaiXm.(==h.niJX) heifer &c. Targ. II 
Kings' V. 5;' a. fr'.— Y." Ned. X, end,"42 b , a. e. IpTSI 'X 
letter of honor, recommendation. Sabb. 115 a ; a. &.• — B. 
Mete. 83 b ; Snh. 82 a ; 96 a (prov.) "Hn^ tfTK 'XI W^lp 
KpiYTlB let him who composed the letter be himself its 
carrier.— PI. (of XIS^X) •pa-'K. Targ. Y. II Num. XXII, 7 

'ax.—',i.— iifx.ixifx, xrnaix, xnxif x. 

Targ. I Kings XXI, 9; a. fr*— Y. Keth. II, T 26 b bot.'Y. 
Ned. VI, 40 a bot. Y. Snh. I, 19 a top. 

TS m. (b. h.; 11X, IIS, cmp. ns, XM^X) turn, due 
day, whence 1) evil fate, reverses. Gen. B. s. 13, v. "IN. 
— 2) anniversary , idolatrous festival. Ab. Zar. 7 b D"P 
dl^X the very day of their festival.— PI. D^K. lb. I, 2, 
a. fr. (di-aa ^25) in/n^K. lb. 2 a ; Y. Erub. V, beg. 22 a 
(controversy as to spelling with 'X or with »). [As to 
cacophemistic designation, cmp. "jliax &c] 

STSl, ST?, S"J? ch. same. Targ. Esth. I, 3. 
Targ. T Prov. VIL* 20. 

stsii, v. r ™ a. tvm 

STSl, STS f. (=XT<; v. "X) tod (only in Targ. 
Y.). Targ. Y. Deut. IX, 26; a. fr.— PI. X^X, X*1iX, in^Bt. 
Targ. Ps. XXIV, 4; a. fr. 

STS II f. (=K1 "W, v. !«* a. XI) tfw's, the same. Y. 
Erub. Ill, 21 b bot. 'X iK 'X "'X max Xin this proves this 
is this, this is that, i. e. it is the same. [lb. Xin KM 

xin am] 

STS woo?, v. xi-nx, a. 

up) louiw. Succ. 35 a ; v. irnn. 

TITS m. (Si 

SPITS v. wm 

"TS pi. of 1$T&. 

"TS, fPTS pr. n. m. M, Mtt, an Amora. Y. 
Yoma VII, beg. 44 a . Snh. 38 b ; a. e. 

■pTS m., STS S"PS ( n T?S) S3TS f. (h. 

nrx, ihk) 1) w>Ao wow? w/tarf «ow? 'm>MA «<w? (gm's- 
nam, quidnam). Targ. I Sam. VI, 20. Targ. Jer. II, 10; 
a. fr. — Tam. 32 a ffOM ilpna 'X who is to be called wise? 
Lam. B. to 1,1 ('nxa in 4) '31 Kill* -fc i a nx show me now 
which of these is from a white goat &c. Y. Pes. II, 28 c 
top XI "«X XI^Xl what (passage) now says this ' (is 

this derived from)? Y. Sot. V, 20 c bot. xrain il^Kl 
n^ias and what is the sin I have committed ? Lam. B. 
to III, 7 '31 X^BIBOX XD"PX3 by which road did you come ? 
2) (ellipt.) what do you want? Y. B. Kam. V,*beg. 4 d , 

^TS, v. ' ? x. 
£TTS, v. -m*. 

IjTS m. a. fern. (=Tft, with T* prosth.) this, that, 
freq. the other, another. Yeb. 62 a ; a. fr. 'X X^in another 
(author or Boraitha) teaches. lb. 22 b Kip 'X3. in another 
verse. B. Mets. 98 b KJSHi V& 'XI and as to the other 
(cow), I don't know; a. fr.— PI. 11->X.— 'XI 'X these and 
those, i. e. both. Yeb. 8 a ; a. fr. 

tots v. wbijj. 

"}TS m. (11X, v. Kills) tow-cotton, &c, esp. 6asf 
twisted for a wick. Sabb. II, 1 , expl. in Babli (20 b ) 
XJiinx, v. KJTjIlK 3), in Y. (4 C ) KnWS. 

S3TS v. -pyw. 

SJTS, MT« m. (= lr? , K5TO; 11X.1W) «m e ._ 
Xil^xn ttis time,' now, to-day. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 6 (usu. 
with, 9).— Yeb. 62 a 'Kill xMs this night. Yoma 19 b 'XH 
'31 Xaii to-day is the Day of Atone. Ber. 4 a 'xh "D at 
this very time (hour). Kid.71 b ^Xal X3W 'Xm but now- 
a-days when there are deceivers; a. fr. 

ITS, STTS y. nix. 

""jITta-nTS, read 

^ib^DilTS m. (GSpojxvjXov) a cidfir of quince 
jelly. Y. Shebi'. Ill, beg. 37 b . 

yhTs, srfiTs, wii^is, sjiTus 

m. (11X; Assyr. idrdnu, v. Fred. Del. Hebr. Lang. p'. 24; 
cmp. liri) an enclosure, chamber, esp. dark alcove, bed- 
room. Targ. Job XXXVII, 9. Meg. 26 b '31 mm 'I^X a room 
where the corpse was placed before burial. B. Bath. 7 a 
'1iX •$> r™» xniUH ed. (Ms. M. IJiK XMtfni) now thou 
makest my (formerly open) compartment a lightless 
alcove. Hull. 52 b ; a. e.— Men. 33 b (fern.) xniiVsa 'X a 
fine room. B. Kam. 85 b , v. pnn. Taan. 25 a 'J^X^ xh"?) 
she went up to the bed-room. 


"nTX v. 111II. 


iri"lTS, Koh. B. to IV, 7 man y&a bffi TttVK it 
(Var. in Y'de Mosheh a. 1. n"X iffil), a corruption of a 
mutilated clause, part of which is to be found in Deut. 
B. s. 2 where Prov. XXIV, 21 is reprehended and Solo- 
mon is made to emend it with Koh. IV, 8 1385 'pXI mx 1B\ 

The passage restored would probably read: ns SO" 1 II 

im . . . . n"apn &sa sanx i las /si ns -bai -oa i 

/si is© •psi mx BJi lain ns amn 

^'D'HpffPS* Y. Dem. V, 24 d , a corruption; prob. 
wVspiJil* m. pi. (oivoxortnrjXoi) keepers of wine-shops, 
opp. WSttS; q. v. 

JT 1 ^ pr. n. m. Ayah. Git. 35 a iia 'X A. Mari, sur- 
name of one Aha b. Hidya. 

^JTfcjl (v. next w. a. Mi) that, the same. Targ.Euth 
I, 16. J 

TP$, •■fctlTPNl m., 1W f. (=in, »n, v. -») he, him- 
self; she, herself. 'Targ. Y. Lev. V, 3. Targ. Esth. I, 1 ; 
a. v. fr.— Gen. E. s. 49 '31 'X a&i let himself take ashes; 
a. fr.— PL WttT* m., ihST* f.; W5, inr?; ^J-W, 'j'B'W 
m., 'p3' 1 S f. (contr. 'pax, 'pSI*); very freq.— Y. Bice. II, 
end, 65 b ''p"ia ',15'H='paN; ■pi'Wl. Y. Meg. I, 71 a top p^i* 
■p" 1 !* are there only these (differences between the Sab- 
bath and Festivals)? 

"TTN I, v. foreg. 

VP&j* II, .("Wi) S^JST '» pr. n. pi. I#« Dakkira, Is, 
a city' on the W. banks of the Euphrates, and upon a 
little river of the same name; (v. Eapap. Er. Mill, p. 33, 
a. Sm. Class. Diet. s. v. Is). Kid. 72 a 1 'X (Ar/wi). 
B. Bath. 24 a Ms. E. "<p1 'j* (ed- SOpl ">«n, v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1.). Ber. 59 b (v. Eabb. D. a. 1.). 

T'SS pr. n. m. .4^0, a scholar. Bets. 37 b ; a. fr. 

UT^ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Job, the personage after whom 
the Biblical book ('X ISO) the Book of Job is named. 
B. Bath. 14 b ; 15 a sq. Y. Sot. V, end, 20 cd . Nid. 52 ab ; 

m.^laDIT'lS Yalk. Ex. 376, read MXDSmiK, v. 

br$, b™, v . v:« a>. 

' •feWfef* pi- »ir» m. (TM*, cmp. WIS, Tin, US) j>Hc% 
twiffi. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 b bot. (to one who dreamt 
that people ran before him— meaning power) Wn tt*l 
'31 'S thou wilt carry prickly twigs and everybody will 
run away from thee. [V. Lam. E. quot. s. v. aas.] 

■j^n'ra, v. a™. 

IXPfy ^^r.^ (Targ. Y. ISIS, ISIS) m. (contr. of 
SOlSIS,' S softened into X or S, cmp. SIX, .JKBSSBt; also 
1151la=SI»1la, s. v. S1SI; Massorah' fiat^S, "ISOX, Ispe. 
of 4W; jtypsl. Targ. ; Q. JI, pp.,63, 68; cnip.M^nd. KISKSm, 
Nfild. ife,nd.,Gr. lithpg.iable; V..11S, IIS) ryayugr. Targ. 
Y.<Gen. "xjffiK, 21 >$p y a light ranner; a. e. top. 
MPHflgr. JBfc T^tftf, "«5^y»* 1?» P» 'Si^- Targ. Is. 

Tliir^ pr. n. m. (for trains) Yesdigerd, Yezdjird, 
a Persian King. Zeb. 19 a top. Keth. 61 a bot. liaiX 

^n|Pi< m., pi. 'pIS'pSJ (IIS, v. 11SK-; prefix 'n*, 
cmp. Vapsj a. tspx) mounds. Gen. E- s. 74 rwi -bpna 
'31 'X ma in a field in which there are mounds (behind 
which people may hide) talk no secrets. [Muss, incorr. 
1 for 1.] 


™.% ^r$ 1$ .*»., 'irx f.(b. h. n m =m ■% 

Sin nns, II i&j) who?' what? which? Ab. IV,1 03H inns 
who is wise?; a. v. fr. — Is nnsta in what manner, v. 
ire. [Chald. rmK, ni*w.] 

'ITS^ v. foreg., a. ■">li«. 

mT-N, anirs, v. 'w. 

" I T 1 ^, ir5$ (v. n.nx=b. h. xism, n'ss, iss) »ow, then, 

pray. Yoma 30 b 'X '*£ 111S (miss, in Mss., Ms. M. 2 "ilj 
admit then at least. B. Mets. 70 a ffs* "b SaiS .tell me 
now ; a. e. V. yiin. 

H^r^. .^JW m., t&bm f. (ilSH) ^6, .««*,. 4c. 
Hull. T 51 b ilaip laipal "isV net in which the knots are 
close. Erub. 28 b 1131S1 snillS Ms. M. (ed. KtlVniS, Ar. 
sniirx) the twist (of bunches) of the farmer.— PL ^». 
M. Kat. ll a . Git. 60 b ibllS; v. fcOnix.— Erub. 8 a n^VpOS 
'ISO H-tTb (ed. Sonc. ^k) he separated the court-y.ards 
of Sura with nets (hurdles, matting). 

^Qpif m., v. worn Tosef.Kil. I, 11 ed.Zuck. (ed. 
corrupt NaTNalX). "' - 

b">nr?s?, ^)% 1$ (bnm)m, h. », «*. (^ 

ylsaj cmp. b. h.'l=a&; cmp. xisns)_ew^»y ipoZ, &«i/e, 
esp. surgeon's knife. Targ. Job XVI, 9; a. e.— Hull. 31 a 
n^ilp lb ffl'ilB 'X a knife which has hornlike projections 
as ornaments; Y. Sabb. XIX, beg. 16 d 'IX Wa 11UMN 
they had forgotten to bring the knife (for circumcision). 
Ex. E. s. 26 man '31 *wa nsa wounds with a knife 
(operating) and heals &c. PL Chald. X^balst; *)1l|at5< (f.). 
Targ. Is.XLIV,13. Targ. Josh. V, 2. 

~ID5 n N, Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a ,.v. lall.' 

nSp^Nl («Spr^), v. nBipDS. 

NTn^ptf, v. -iK. 

"^TWl m. Cns, Pi.) the act of stitching together 
seam, esp. with ref.tothe rent of garments in mourning. 
Y. M. Kat. m,.83 b ,top; a. e.— M. Kat. 26 b ■'"tlJpsbx 'N 
Alexandrian (invisible) seam. 

"VHT1JS' ,m. <*in», Pi.) delay, detention. Y. Meg. JM, 

74 b top. 

^niH 11 ^ oh. sanie. T,arg. Ps. LXXXIX, 52, coi^st. 

&tt3lTS- m. (Ithp. of XBri) one in the habit of 
sinning. Y.'Taan. I, 64 a top 1-rtrtlMsa 'X flirt was foul- 
mouthed: v. Afakh. 15 b . 

Sta^S, litipS I (tjtoc) the letter (rj) of the Greek 
Alphabet, the numerical value of which is eight; used 
in the way of a phonetic play (^toj, or Ixi as though an 
adj. verbale of Uvdti) to indicate going or death. Gen. 
E. s. 14, beg. (proving that a seven months' child can 
live, while an eight months' child cannot) iB»a X3X 'j.Wla 
XB"31X X"BiX,- XB"SX X"BM 'psi from your own (Greek) 
language I will prove it to you, 'Live (J^qxto) seven, Go, 
eight' (S=gitTa, 7)=8xt<d). Y. Yeb. IV, 5 d top; Tanh. 
B'midbar 18 (corr. ace); Ibid, (ed. Buber) 21. 

s^bsta^s, v. kjv^*- 
rfta^s-i, v. *?<*. 

iTEjPS II (Syr. XB"W, eka) and so (indignantly). 
Y. Snh. I, 'l8 d top '31 Wis* 'X how thou hast been the 
cause of my putting rabbis to shame ! 

DiD^S v. dm. 

rro^ffw v. m®.. 
sb^brrs v . -^x. 

S^bia^S, iTpbt^S P r. n. pi. Italy, esp. the south- 
ern part of the peninsula, called Magna Graecia. Meg. 
6 b ed. Ven. (omitt. in later ed.) Vrtt "p3 m "pi 5>\a 'X 
'31 iai1 b® (Ms. M. i»Via» v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) Greek 
Italy, that means the great city of Eome &c. Gen. E. 
s. 37 beg. lb. s. 67 rT^KUiK.— Targ. Ezek. XXVII, 7; 
a. e.— Targ. I Chr. I, 7 fi^BiX. 

rbta^s, o^bta^s, v . ^ax. 

n^D' 1 bta" l S f. (v. rtBX) station. PZ.hTO^tfX. Tanh. 
Mase 11; ib\ (ed. Buber hi^a^X); v. h !sB&X. 

sfflpbta^.s, v. xnip^x. 

^bta^m-.n^bta^S f. (v. X^X) BoWan. Kid. 
I, 1 'Xh "i&iX ^siWi'cws, Italian as. Snh. VIII, 2 ipia'wa 
Y. ed. (Bab. 'Xfi, corr. ace); Lev. E. s. 37 nip^XS. in 
Italian measure. Y. Sabb. XVIII, beg. 16 c ; a. e. 

DETS Lam. E. to I, 1 (lisn), 'XI read WW v. V«s. 

SQta^S m. (bax) l)=xaax.— 2) obstruction, dam. 
Kid. 70 b ". 

llDta^S pr.n.m.Bwow, surname of the angel Gabriel 
(coverer of sin). Snh. 44 b ; v. dax. 

"JtSjPK, m. (BBX; cmp. BBM, a. BBS) calamus, a reed 
used for writing (cmp. b. h. B9). Tosef. Kil. Ill, 14 Var. 
ed. Zuck. (text &B1X, prob. BW*). Y. Kil. V, end, 30 a 

•pi^ri. V. i, 3'a" | h. 

"O^S f. (jforeg.) pencil, tube. Sot. 48 b "*is« *>© 'X 
(Y; Sot.' IX, 24 b bot. a. At, Ib) a leaden tube (Bashi* 
XWttS). V. 1JB. 

I^S v. 1BX. 

S^lE^S B. Mets. 39 b ;. B. Bath. 29 b - Ms. M., v. Knitt?. 

li")ta"'S, TlTKJX m.'(-ffir3, cmp; XJlia) watchman, 
officer. Targ. Is. li,'l3; XIX, 15. 

l^bta^ltS^S read ■pB^ttfnBQiX, v. XB^BIBOX, ' 

^S V. 1*111. 

13^», v. uift. 

n T^ (oontr. of ^ to; v. "X) 1) 6y tte wag of, 
through. Sabb. 109 b molS 'X through his mouth.— 
Naz. 2 a rtafia 'X through the instrumentality of the an- 
imal;— 2) (conj.) ftecaitse, since as, i»3 "Wi .. ., Wi 'X 
as the compiler had to state this, he incidentally mentions 
also the other. Kid. 65 a ; a. fr. 

IPS Snh. 106 a , v. 1.3]. 

bD^Af. ofbSK. 

b^S, Sb^S &c, v. *W. 

IT^S (^"pfefi iX) where are those?, which?. Y. Ber. 
II, 5 b jjil 'X which rabbis? 

D^S, Pi. of WW. 

"J^S, pi. of px. 

^la^S (cmp. «^n) is i< Ae? Cant. E. to V, 16 'X 
-p-O is this thy son? 

rprbata^s, ttaa^s rea d n^*. 

*0^' 1 S, D" 1 D^S Y. Dem. VII, 26 b , E. S. to Dem. 
VII, 3 '"^laiBX, &ia">BX, prob. &131BX m. (frtovoi) languid, 

T^S m. (11X; cmp. b. h. Tt) JTyar, the second month 
of the Hebrew calendar, of twenty nine days, varying 
betw. the tenth of April and the eighth of June. B. 
Hash. 3 a ; a. fr. [V. Schrader K. A. T. glossary.] 

*S"PS f. (TiX; cmp. 1'Xi esp. Job XXVHI, 10; v. H. 
Diet. s.V) 'channel, duct. Y. M. Kat.I,80 b bot. ■p1B"*'i 'X 
'31 the duct of Zepph. was damaged during the festive 

•n^s v. ^ xix. 

'l"]3''H* l '}S m. (slpi'veov, elptvouv, neut.) woolen. Bsth. 
E. to I, 6 (ref. to Aquila's translation). 

Iflj^S v. nti^j. 

^S as, how. Targ. Prov. XX, 20; a. fr. 

SD^S (=ix a. X3) where now*, (ubinam). Targ. 0. 
Gen. XXXVII, 16 (ed. Berl.); a. e., v. 'js^ a. X3">fi. 


HS" 1 ^ (contr. of X3-rVX) 1) there is, there are {sunt 
qui). T iia81 '8 (abbrev. T'X.) some say. Hull. $>;"*. fr. 
imm 'X they diflfer in this &c. lb. 4 a ; a. fr.— .'8 ijta 
lo^ai what is there to say? how can it be explained? 
what can you reply? lb. 12 a top; — *2) he who. Targ. 
Prov. XIX, 7. [Prob. to be read XJiX.] 

"P'Tp"'^ how then! how! Targ. 0. Deut. I, 12; a. e.; 

T\y^ (b. h.=rts-ix) 1) oh how! oh! Gen. B. s. 19; 
a. fr — 2) Ekhah, name of the Book of Lamentations, 
also '« nV^a.— Wi 'X Ekhah Babbathi (Lam. B.), 
Midrash Babboth on Lamentations. 

^fct 1) (=n= iX) ifnow;ohthat Bets.4 b topXtHDii '8 
ixbnfflX' if I (had given my decision forthwith) I should 
have made a mistake. Yeb. 46 a . — Snh. 107 a '31 Xaai 'X 
oh that a muzzle had been put on my enemy's (euphem. 
for my) mouth! i. e. oh that I never had said this! — 
2) pr. n. f. Ikhu. Taan. 35 a what is thy name? She said, 
Ikhu.-^Said he "pWS 1Ba5 'X oh that thy joists were 
sufficiently long! 

^iW m. (ttx) consumption, combustion. Y. Ber. 
IV, 7 b top, a. e. Di"i3iX 'X the consumption on the altar 
of the pieces of the daily offering; v. 13X. [V. to" 1 ?.] 

'ItfH'D" 1 ^ m. (338) Wacfc eofor, something black. Y. 
Sabb. T II, 4 d ' 'X inn black naphta. , 

tpD'N v.'tfBW. 

1'?"'^) T?^ O^" 1 *?! v - ^N) M>Aere? also relat. 
where, &c. Targ. Gen. XXXVII, 16. Y. Ber. I, 3 b bot. 
Vip na nittti 'X where did that divine voice come forth? 
lb. Ill, 6 a bot. matt 'Xa one from whom to learn, 
lb. IV, 7 a '31 imtt 'Xa whence did they derive the obliga- 
tion of three prayers? — 'X IS how far? how long? Y. 
Peah VIII, beg. 20 d . Cant. B. to VI, 4 ; a. e. [In Babli 

("PSD^, rTDD" 1 !* Esth. B. to I, l b 18 T>3 (Var. 
'218), v. XB1131X. 

' T&F& v. rtMX. 

"IS^SS!, "OX m . (b. h., 13X,' ]/"l3, cmp. 133) hus- 
bandman, farm-laborer. Arakh. VI, 3 (23 b ) "tt rVTi 3X 
(Mish. '38) if he is a husbandman; a. e.— PI. bi13"'8. Y. 
M. Kat. HI, 82 b bot. T^aitf (read T^X) his farm-hands. 

[V. Ti-QiX.] . TT 

fc^S" 1 ^, '3X. ch. same. Targ. Is. XXI, 10; a. e.— PI. 
p 13iX, Wl3">X, il^X. Targ. Jer. XXXI, 23; a. e.— Erub. 
28 b " v. xip8.— *Denom. xn^13"iX f. pl. : Erub. 82 b XriBI 
'X farmer's loaves; v., however, xnx^iiix. 

Drew v. -=x. 

*5 >1 N, b* 1 * 1 ^ m. (b. h.; VlX) superiority, patronage, 
arbitration; v.liidr. Till, to Ps. LXXXVIII, 5,. lb. to 
Ps. CIV, 29 (ref. to Is. LVII, 19 peace, peace &c.) 
'31 'bttj ittx (ft^X) ttlVw but for the peace-making ar- 
bitration oif the Lord &c. 

b" 1 ^, b 1 " 1 ^ m. (b. h.; Vix) 1) ram (the strong).' B. 
Kam. 65 b if 'one stole 'X ttlDSSl itto a lamb and it grew 
to be a ram. lb. 'X ''Tip laT 1 p 'X a ram one day old 
is called a ram (ayWis used in a general sense, irrespect- 
ive of age). B. Hash. 16 a ; a. fr.— [*Pl. trt>X. Tosef. B. 
Hash. Ill (II), 3 (Var. stts^).]— *2) XSap 'X [perh. >X 
q. v.] a species of locusts. Eduy. VIII, 4; Pes. 16 a ; Ab. 
Zar. 37 a >iX ed. (Ms. M. Vl^X), v. Wr. 

b'Stf m. (b. h.; prob. fr. Vl8=VtS, cmp. Var. lect. of 
n^XII; cmp. ttx) [the climber}, hart. Hull. 28 a ; a. e. 

5^5$, tfb^N ch.=h. ^X 1); trnsf. 1) beak of a 
ship (a beam to 'which the head of a ram was attached), 
prow. Ned. 50 a .— 2) projection from a lateral wall, butt- 
ress, &c. Targ.Ezek.XL,48; a. e. (Var. i6x).— *8) (cmp. 
;*X 2) name of a worm or mite in grapes. Sabb. 90 a V« 
(Bashi a. Ms. Oxf. "*St). 

tfb^, tfb^N, ^b'i< ch.=h. *8. ■ Targ. 0. Deut. 
XIV, 7; "a. fr.— Bekh. 7^'.— H. l^X, X^*X, "*8. Targ. 
Y. Deut. 1. c. (edi Vien. '|tt"'X!) Targ. Lam. I, 6. 

itb^ pr. n. m. Ila 1); a Tannai. Bekh. IV, 5 (29 a ), 
a medical expert n33">3 'X3 like I. in Yabneh'.— 2) an 
Amora. Yoma 73 b ; a. fr. [Other forms XS^X, ^X, xWl;. 
v. Frankel M'bo p. 75 b .] 

J^V 1 ^ v. X^X. Y. Shebu. I, 33 b bot. "W X13tlba XV 
v. XB^fl. 

■]1"1D»b^' V. *1#% 

rtyx v. i&$. 

nb^, nb^% 'nV>^ f. o>. h. n^x ; v. ^ 

1) ^'mJ, roe. B. Bath. 16 b top IS ham 'X the hind has 
a narrow womb (vagina). — 2) mostly IhlBrt fftiX iAe 
^rsi rays (climber) of tte morning dawn; cmp, Yoma 
29 a . Y. Ber. I, 2 C ; a. fr.; (cmp. Gen. XIX, 15 rtbs IMttJIn). 

^nb^, v. -ix. 

iV 1 » V. *X. 

ib 1 ^, Pesik. B. s. 17 DT>& 'X v. &iWaitt''X. ■ 

I?" 1 ^, ibii (late b. h.=lb IX; cmp. Ez. Ill, 6) i/(oh 
that !). Targ. Ez. 1. c. ; a. fr.— Gen. B. s. 1 2 f1X3 firm :.'. . W 'X 
if the pillars had been higher, it would have looked 
better; a. fr. — 'XI but if (considering), whereas. Ber. 20 a ; 
a. fr.— "1 'XI whereas B.Yudah &c— 'XI .;.. 'Awhile ..,., 
inthis case on the contrary. lb. 37 a '31'ixi . . . . . ntlisaa'xi 
for while over pot-dishes we say the benediction &c, 
here, in our case we say—; a. fr. Y. Shebu. I, 33 b top 

— !B ''Q "is in the case of one who .... .— !ti"i!*B, ifcj©, 
contr. -1^3 as if, as though. Y. Maas. Sh. V, 56 d bot. 
Wtt} VOSb 'S3 as if the Lord were, so to say, asleep, 
when Israel is in trouble; a. v. fr. — Y. Kil. IV, end, 29 d 


pJllb" 1 ^, ]"tflb&$ m. (elogium) record, bill of in- 
dictment, sentence stating the crime, verdict. s. 15 
tabffl 'IN liasxiB I may set aside (cancel) your verdict. lb. 
s. 31 '*>«. [Corr. ace. Num. E.s. 16 ywb*.; Gen. E. s. 28, 
beg. p^»a»; Lam. E. to I, 14 p*S», ■plbllblK Ar,; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 5 •pbast; Pesik. R. s. 44 yilbax, 

NIl^N Git. 69 b , v. Kli«. 

stftTHTlS f. .(^) (lamentation at) funeral escorts. 
Targ. Job. Ill, 7 Ms. (ed. KrYPix; h. text •jtvn!?). 

^TX^IjN. Targ. Y. Num. XIV, 37. 

&&|VN, I^N, ^N 1) (b. h. ■«*=& *■«, ch. 
xb sfeiN) were it not, but for (followed by h. "UJ, ch. ~^, 
or by a noun without a verb; v. «!?o!?Sj!). Targ. Y. Deut. 
I, 1 ; a. e.— Mekh. B'shall., Amalek 1 niia -raxtt} '« but for 
Moses, who said &c; a. fr. — 2) (followed by a verb without 
-1» or -i=KVfciSfi h. sfcist) if indeed, if. Targ. Koh. VI, 6. 
Targ. Esth. VII, 4; a. e.— *3) oh that! Num. E. s. 2, beg. 
'31 Villa ton '« oh that He would allow His love to 
be a banner over me! [1'Stlbx as in preceding lines?]— 
*4) whether. Targ.* Cant. VI, 11 '31 ',1BB 'K whether the 
sages among them increase &c. 

"jTD^^^, "jTDbl^l (=preced. with ^3=1^ 1? ) ^ 
not perchance, but for. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXI, 42 ; a. fr. 
(in some ed. in two words ^IB ibl?^). 

rwibna, rrcib^N f . ( Pr ob. fr . v» ; C m P . ™ a. 

13*) {the man-like) barren, wombless, incapable of con- 
ception. Keth.ll a (etymol. fromViX) tWiSVi '"it, aylonith 
means ram-like. Nid. V, 9 (47 b ) ; a. fr. 

spn&ib'w, v. *u*rw'HK. 

n&^&lTSS pr . n. m. (prob. ueXs^rj; ^ass-smelter) 
IZo/ssa. Y.' Ter. I, 40 c top. 

o">obi«, v. otj^ 

uob^s, ^"w, &rba (rpbx) m . (■.*, ■.«,», 

v. bbi;'cmp. ibx Joel I, 8) mourning, lamentation, dirge. 
Targ. II Sam. L 17; II Chron. XXXV, 25; a. fr.— Y. Sot. 
VII, 21 c top; Meg. I, 71 b bot. KtibifcA iblld Syriac is 
adapted for dirges; Esth. E. to I, 22 tr^>i/b "Vftt (corr. 

. *Dl^^TS, Dt^!S m. (^io«) Sm. Ex.E. s.15. 
[The words from GlSfntto to Wilst are a marginal gloss, 
prob. to be emended: lattJ STri lirtix Dlifct 61T0o(aiK) 
'31 sjsbjUI 'AXsJavSpot uto; 'HXi'oo (Alexander the 


md the Sun is called a 

son of Helios) was hi: 
hero &c] 

■jfb'N, v . -^. 

D^biST'TSSl, 'f 5NI pr. n. pi. CHXiAitoXi«) Be/io- 
^is, in lower Egypt. Pesik. Vayhi p. 63 b Ar. (ed. D^VlS); 
Pesik. B. s. 17 DiilB lVm (corr. ace.) 

Stfa^S (^!Si) (=^8 i/, and &ttrt=ia^) prop, if 
to say, hence a dialectic term in debate, you do not 
mean to say, or shall Isay'i B. Mets. I2 b rvrm aiihtttt 'K 
shall I say (it means) when the debtor concedes (his 
indebtedness) ? Kid. 74 a '31 'X KiTltt what does it refer 

to? You cannot say it refers to Sabb. 150 b (some 

ed. 'bat.). Yoma 52 b ; a. v. fr. 

^a^Nl unless, but for; v. tx&bx. 

. KH^KlI mute, r. K$tt. 

T^> *•!**. 

"]" I TX Tosef. Kil.V, 26,ed.Zuck. y>K *6p, v.pi&t &6p. 

I^N, v. «>;«. 

VV 1 *? ("P?.?^, T'b^) com. pi. (h. rty*. 4k) 
iftese, ttose. Targ. Jud. XX, 17; a. e.— Y. Ber. V, 9 C top 
•paima*! 'X those who translate; a. v. fr.— Y. Erub. Ill, 
20 d top yo^K )"b*8. insert i&W, what are those (name* 
mentioned) ? 

CVW, v. trt». 

»CT^S, v. wyfr*. 

sjb"^, -jb" 1 ^ (ch. a. h.; cmp. fs"<H) hither, thither. 
Targ'.' Y" Num. XXII, 4.— 'KT]X3a (pa) from now and 
further on, i. e. a/fer that. Targ. Esth. II, 14. Ber. I, 2; 
a. fr.— Men. 28 b 'X "irlNl 'X in« one in this, another in 
that direction. Erub. 55 b , [Din*, from. ^X.] V, •tftVi. 

D^N pr. n. .EfotMi Y. Kid. IV, 65* top; v. db^S. 

OV 1 ^ mttfe, v. dfesj. 

«7gVl» ch. same, v. Ka^. 

wnV>», v. K9?** 

"j TX m. (cmp. b. h. "|ft» oafc, v. nbx) free. Shebi. I, 
1, a. e. 'KM !TTO a field containing at least three trees 
within a distance of a S'ah (v. ilSJb). lb. 3 p"ld 'X bearing 
no edible fruit, opp. bslrta 'H.— Pes'. 112 a (prov.) MSpa d!S 
'31 if you desire to be strangled, be hanged on a large 
tree, (if you must refer to an authority, select a good 
one).-PJ. WiaVw, const. ^N. Shebi. I, 2. Gen. E. s. 16 ; a. fr. 

"jb^, X&X, 'bN ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 11; 
a. fr.— Ab. Zar. 50 b ,V. iia ch.— PI. yaW, ^\"V, 
S*?^. ^\"^' '\^- Tai 'S'- Gen. II, 5; a. fr.— Lev. E.'s. 12 
'31 •plprva (insert ■,1Mil''B) 'X fruits are named after the 

trees. B. Bath. 16 b ; — Lev.B.s. 5 MIDI '», v. fcOiinaX. 
— ['X s6p, 'X &6n, v. s. s6p t a. j6pi respectively.] 

ob^, v. wfc*. 
pWK, v.^#<.' . 

&©TSS!I, ^S55< f. {qbs, epi; Assyr. elippu) sfe>, 
ra/1 T Targ. Jon. I,V; a. e.— Lev. B. s. 12, beg. '& Stina 
like the ship tossed about on high sea. Koh. B. to 
III, 2 (prov.) at the time thou tiest thy Lulab (for 
the Feast of Booths) ~\Skn IBp tie thy ship (cease navi- 
gation). Ab. Zar. 10 b '31 i&6 ff? ill woe to the ship which 
leades without having paid its toll (of a convert who 
died before circumcision). — Tmsf. the body of a chicken 
(chest-bone resembling a ship). Lam. B. to I, 1 rra&3 
(VOI) '=1 "W T>"jn I took for myself this ship (of the 
chicken), for in a ship I came &c. — PL KJsVw. Targ. Ps. 
CIV, 26; a. e. 

.^ST'Nill pr. n. m. Bfa, an Amora. Taan. 21 a ; a. 
fr. [In! Talm. Y. iisWi]. B. Hash. 17 b 'X V'KI ibVw 
Ilfay or, some say, Ufa (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 

*©^1S!, v. preced. 

DBbrw, EP^K, ^P>N, v. '^. 



nb^II, D^S pr. n. pi. (not WW. nVw) 4yetett, 
one day's journey south of Jerusalem. Maas. Sh. V, 2 ; 
Bets. 5 a rf>5> ed. (Ms. M. nl^K); B. Hash. 31 b nW« ed. 
(Ms. M. rfj"*?; Ms. L. ribs corr. into ""S; Ms. 2 rto; v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). [Bets. a. B. Hash. 1. c. read )U 
dITin for -jlSsn ya a. vice versa.] Cmp. S*K. 

• ti&b% V&JTIX* «Fjb^ f- (h. rftj® tod, roe. 
Targ. T Jer. Xivl 5; a. e. Ca'nt.B. to 11;' 9; a. e— '» 
fcOrmn (v. hV«) morning dawn. Y. Ber. I, 2 e ; a. e.— 
PL XT}Y% ■«n«^». Targ. Ps. XXIX, 9; a. e. 

D^ (yi»,v.nai«)to/%rfa»er8«ow,/r^A«. Denomin. 

Pi. D^X (denom. of riaiS; with Vs>) to impress with 
awe, forewarn (witnesses)! B. Hash. 20 a diisn bs> yra^Xa 
we may try to intimidate &c. Toma 4 b Y^S d" 1 *!*!? to im- 
press him. Sot. I, 4; a. e. 

NEPfctl .<!«*<#, v. na^H. 

«7f Nil, NHS;, fiB^ f. ch. (=h. da) i) motor, 
frequ. T «iy mother; V &g5. Targ. Gen. IH, 20; a. fr.— 
Ber. 18 b 's6 nls SWW tell my mother; a. fr.— h^pT '» 
grandmother. Meg. 27 b — 2) trnsf. the flesh of a stone 
fruit. Sabb. 143 a yis^ 33K f>m may be handled on ac- 
count of the flesh (with which they were surrounded when 
Sabbath cause).— PL KrihB^S,. Kriria!*. Targ. Jer. XVI, 3 ^ 
esp. the arch-mothers of the Israel, nation. Targ. T. 
Ex. XVII, 9 ; a. e.— Kid. 82 a ip1Si*i 'X the mothers of school 
children, [V. also HB-'XII.] 

N^N III pr. n. f. [or title; cmp. K3K]. Imma. Y. 
Git. I* 43 c ; Shebi VI, 36 c top dibit) '« Imma (Mother) 

DWH^, V. MKW*. 

Jl^SSlII f. (das, |/"DX to gather; cmp. rials a. dasi 
in GeslH! Diet.) dista/f. Kel. XI, 6 (Ar. Kai&t, Var .SWa^S). 

HEPi* f. (b. h.; d?K) /ear, awe. Num. B. s. 9; Y. 
Sot. I, T beg. 16 b fiax bit) in -jin-a Kbs (read ria">K) but 
from a solemn conversation (v., however, Maim. Sotah 

IV, 18 a. comment.). B. Hash. 17 a ; a. fr— PZ. niai«. 
Sabb. 77 b p 'K IttaH there are five sorts of fear. [Tanh. 

Tsav 2 firnia na^s (ma 1 *), v. bwi*.] - - 

inff», v. •%**. 

D^lDX v. tibials. ' 

D'lKTN, v. diax. [Tosef. Kid. IV, 8 biai&G read 
biaiaa.] " 

DIDID^ Koh. B. to VH, 11, v. D1NBX., 

D1ETItf Sabb. 141 b , v. DIBS. 

OIKPNl m. (eontr. of. WSOB^bWro; bxa) disfigur- 
ation. t\TTW '» owe disfigured by burns. Cant. B. to VH, 9 
'ID 'X S-I1D531 and he (Nebucadn.) became &c. [Tanh. Tsav. 2 
(ed. Buber 3) Y&S t)T|iia naiN hlBSSI and the fright (repul- 
siveness) of a burned face was put upon him. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. XXII bTmax, read bil>iSaN, sjxirupoi;, fire- 

llffN,- v. ™. ■' 

UTW&j ^jm, fWSl (nax, v. 
Ges. H. Diet.' s. v.; cmp. Deut. XXVI, 17 sq.) devoted 
objects, sacrifices. Succ. 55 b '31 abiftft *yim (Mish. ib." 
'ai») are not the festive Emurim (v. infra) the Lord's, ' 
i. e. to be offered on the altar? Answ. d^SIS llaXUJ na 
Emure &c. means, whatever is consecrated as offering 
for festivals.— Esp. Emurim, Emurin, those portions of 
sacrifices offered on the altar. Pes.71 a '31 m^n.^ai^ the 
Emurim of the pilgrim's feast offering. Zeb. H, 2; a. fr. . 

Dniffw, yrwy% 'iza^n m. P i.ow, w) 

exchange (cmp. ^S^R as to pi.). 'S "Vi. hostages in place 
of their parents. Lam. B. to. HI, 1 3 ed. (Ar. t^m< q. v.). 

V. also ^"Was. 

1^10^., v. preced. ws. 

yOSPlS m . pi. (='anix, play on napa and sncjiax) 
those who go to bed with the setting in of darkness (a 
witty expression made up in oppos. to 'pllT'lD, v. irWJ). 
Ex. B. s. 47 '81 film fra)i learn the teachings of those 
who rested well by night (as better fitted to teach). 

. *]™^HX 'IN Koh. E. to II, 17, prob. a. cor- 
ruption of -SrtBpa a malicious informer. 

fcrfiQ 1 !^ f. (V^P«) day. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top, they 
lament over it "W laVra, [AeXatva ^[Jtipa, oh, the. black 
(luckless) day! V. Macrob. Sat. I, 15 dies atri. 

"fiVTTX m. (fjixspov, neut. or accus.) tame, soft, 
gentle (opp.'",iXi'l5.X q.v.). Gen. E. s. 77 end yma (cor'r. 
ace). Num.; Pesik. Hahod. p.44 b 115a ■*!*; Pesik. 
B. s. 15 TnaiK; Cant. B. to III, 7 1,ia^lX (corr.acc). Midr. 
Sam. ch. XVII (for yplSX read ymaiK, for TrWi read 

*fcOKP2S m. (=h. VTO; contr. of t&SBiK; cmp. Kripia) 
cfoafc. P/. "pl^X. Targ. Ez. XXVII, 24. 

NHD" 1 ^ m. (v. -i«) daytime. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d top; 
a. e. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top "pX 'X the day growing 

ip^bi Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. II, 6 read WHIN. 

)12PX, v. lax. 

" n ~l/0O 1 !S, read ""WX, v. tmiaixll a. X^aix. 

WN, y. *5a. 

"IQ" 1 !^ m. ch. (=h. lax) spe«cA, utterance. Targ. Num. 
XXIV, 3; a. e.— P£ X^X. Targ. Prov. IV, 5 Ms. (ed. 
■now?); a. e. 

im, W8, SITffN (^~ia^) to reimrf, 
v. iia ch. 

na^, &oa^, naa, vnm (rna^w) m. 

(lax, -|/dx, v. T t=W; cmp. xias, x-iaih, las) 'i)\thick, 
heavy,] lamb. Targ. Gen. XXX, 32; a. fr.— Ned. I, 3 'this 
be as forbidden to me SOa">X5 (Y. ib. I, end, 37* nhaixa) 
as the lamb' — Xi^an 1a"<X3 that means, 'as the lamb of the 
daily offering'. Lam. B. introd. (B. Josh. 2) 'ax &"05 mini 
'si who slaughters a lamb and augurs from its liver. 
Erub. 53 b (deriding the Galilean dialect) a Galilean cried 
'31 l^a^ laX who wants amar? (indistinctly pronoun- 
cing the vowels, as well as the guttural sound of X), 

when they said to him , vnBab Ian IX aa-f^ab 'nan 

nx&snixb laiX IX fflaVvijb "IBS (for var. lect., v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 10) do you mean hdmar (an ass) to ride 
on, or hdmar (wine) to drink, or amar (wool) for 
putting on, or immar (lamb) for slaughtering?; a. fr.— 
PI. 'pSfPX, X^XPX, n^STX, 'HX. Ezra Vn, 9 ; a. e.— Targ. 
Ex. XXIX, 38; XII, T 5;' a. e.— Y. Snh. I, 18 d top" '^X 
yW\ the lambs (of the spring) are yet tender (in a letter 
announcing the intercalation of a month); Bab. ib. ll b 
■ppIS 'X (not "1$; y. Tosef. ib. II, 6); a. e— Eem. XFnjfiX 
ewe. Targ. Lev. V, 6; a. e.— Hull. 51*. Gen. B.'s! 44 
end, the sow (Bome) pastures with twenty (young ones), 
ina S&l 'XI and the ewe (Sarah) not even with one.— 

2) (cmp. X'nain) knot, bandage on wounds. Snh. 98* 
'=1 "ix il&XI^'-ffi ihVo Ar. (in ed. a. Ms. our w. omitted) 
all of them untie their bandage? all at once and tie them 
up all at once, buthe attends to one at a time.— 3) fringe, 
border. Targ. Ps. CXXXTH, 2. Targ. Y. Ex. XXVI, 4 
(Var. X^X). V. next w.— 4)* pr. n. pi. 'X IBS K'far 
Imra (Lamb-ville). Y. Taan. IV, 69* bot.; (Lam. E. to 
II, 2 xias). 

fnaPNl (&OSPN0 h. f. (v. preced.) I) fringe, bor- 
der, skirt; trnsf. the bordered garment, (toga prsetexta), 
state garment. Taan. ll b ; Ab. Zar. 34* IS yWB Ipb pl^n 
Xla^X a white plain frock without border (without Of- 
ficial distinction; cmp. toga pura). Y. Kil. IX, 32* top; 
Tosef. ib. V, 19 na&11Sa(n) 'X a conspicuous border gar- 
ment. Y. Kid. IV, beg. 65 b (play on "IMX Ezra II, 59) 
'31 la&I^S they made themselves as conspicuous as the 
border on the frock. Sabb. 105*; Tosef. ib. XII (XIII), 1. 
— Y. Yoma I,38 d top; Y.Meg. I, 72* bot. ipl^n rff&X the 
skirt of my frock; a.ftv — [Lam.B. to II, 17 explain. frttMJ 
ib., xiisniB, v. sn.] PI. (of rvnaix) ni's'iaix. Neg. xi, 

10. Y. M. Kat. I, 80 d bot.; v. 51}.— 2) trnsf. object of 
distinction, decoration (play on nn^axll); cmp. na^bn. 
Mekh. B'shall., Shirah, s. 3 (ref. to -laxVl Deut.XXVI, 17) 
'31 iJXfflS* He made me (His) decoration (chosen people) &c. ; 
Yalk. Ex. 244 iTniax. 

*^" 1 ^"ja* 1 !^ m. (-no, v. next w.) rebellion. Lam. B. 
to III, T 13 '(rendering inBIBX "43 ibid, 'the children of 
those thrown down' (into the dung, conquered), Bab ex- 
plains 'the children of his destruction' (v. X^SIX), "M 
nivalis the children of rebellion against him. (Editions 
vary,' ni-iaiX, X^l . . ., B^llaX &c, v. D^WX II). [Esth. 
B. to I, l b , independently interpreted, v. XB^BIX a. 

Wia" 1 !^ m. (=h. yfaa; T.ia'W a. preced.) rebellion. 
'X ija Yeb'els.' E. Hash. 18* (translating Ilia ija Mish.) 
(all creatures pass before the Lord for receiving their 
decrees) 'X ijaa like rebels (after surrender brought be- 
fore a court martial; cmp. Midr. Till, to Ps.XVH, 1, s.v. 
T6B1SX, a.Y. B. Hash. I, 57 b ). [Bashi XinaX=Syr. X311MX 
'like young lambs passing singly to be marked for tithes'.] 

StfFHia*lSl 1) ewe, v. IBiX.— 2) pr. n. f. Immarta. 
Snh. 52 b Im. daughter of Tali (prob. pseudonyms). 

tn% ^HCPlSt (b. h. W ; v. ■«) when? Hull. 17\— 
Ber. I, 1, a. fr. inaixa from what time (of the day)? 
Shebi. I, 1, a. fr. iha^X IS; ib. H, 1 na^X IS How long 
(until when)? 

na"^ ch. 1) whenever, when. Targ. Y. Lev. XXIII, 
42; a. e. " Y. B. Kam. Ill, 3 d top "31 liaTiai "iX when 
they quote the Mishnah in support of &c. Ab. Zar. 53 b to 
nh XJiSai "iX whenever I desire it. Nid. 66*. — 2) also 
inaix (">V\-oix)when? Targ. Job. VII, 4. — 'tib for what time? 
until what time ? Targ. O. Ex. VIII, 5 ; a. e. 

^DCPJS! ch.=h. na^X. Targ. O. Ex. XV, 16; a. e.— 
B. Kam. 28*; a. e. 


TON, mi, y. naix, naix.. 

"jnq^., fcOna^ 'D'N m. (denom. of xnaix) " 
1) fear ■ inspiring , powerful. Targ. Jud. in, 30. — Pi. 
"pJrlaiK, WaiX, 'ai*. Targ. Hat. I, 7. Targ. Gen. XIV, 
5 (Y.II, KWBS, h* text B^S)'.— 2) timid. Y.Meg.III,74 a 
bot. '31 inaiX mn X"iBD (ed. Krot. "paix, corr. aco.) the 
school-master -was a timid man and but for E. Abbahu 
that passed by, he would not have eleared the children 
out of the premises of the Synagogue. [Hebr. form, v. in»X.] 

"Tltf, Pi. f*X (=f*y, v. next w.) to look upon, in- 
vestigate.. B. Bath. 115 a (play on fX) rb$ yjs Ar. (ed. 
T*J?) investigate his family relations. Kid. 4". 

y}Ql m. (/iX; cmp.fX, f») [b. h. naught], some- 
thing rounded, decorative. Kob.B. to III, 12 expl. as lis, 
ref. to the shape of the human buttock, v. 'pB' , BN. 

I^SlI, "pfc< (b. h. IX; Nun emphat; cmp. )») where? 
(only with pref. a or b). "i6 whither? 'xa whence''. Y. 
Snh. X, 28* bot; Y. Hag. II,' 77 a bot. 'xbl 'Xa whence 
and whither?— Aboth III, 1. Gen. B. s. 2 ff&nh 'Xa 
whence art thou coming? i. e. where hast thou been 
staying?— Y. Snh. X, 28 b top llatt 'X» "ft iTTl he had 
(a precedent) to learn from. — Contr. of ■ji^'ja: fVq, v. fz. 

I^fcjt (b. h. ; constr. of fx\) nothing, not. Ber. 5 a 
'31 xVx E)W "pa w/" (flight, Job V, 7) means nothing else 
but &c. ; a. v. fr — isix, ?]3iX »o< I&c. SHli i?ix I do not 
know; do I not know? B. Mets. 97 b ; a. fr. Ber. 1. c. but 
the Holy One ... "p isiX is not so; a. fr.—yil isix is it 
not a legitimate conclusion ?, whence so much the more. 
Y. Naz.VI, 55 a ; a. v. fr.— . . piSa . . X*>X ii fx from this 
I could only prove . . . ., whence, however, will you 
deduct . . .? Hull. 65 b ; a. fr. [Y. Git. IX, end, 50 d 'iBX 
ISiX ana read "Bans.] 

"]" I SI or l" 1 ^ (Syr.=^rt, in) yes, twdcerf. . Keth. 65 a 
'31. 'X kniOrt now,— yes, but not before. B. Mets. 98 a Xin 
'31 f|i5>3 'X as regards the one (cow)— well, she died &c. ; 
a. fr.— i?iX=in PS *s it rea% so? indeed?, i. e. it cannot 

be. Hull. 96 b laxm 'X it cannot be so; for did not B 

say &c? M. Kat. 20 a ; a. v. fr. 

"pfctll. ^ (h. &X) 1) t/", wAett«\ Targ. Ps. VII, 4; 
a. e. [Apocopated: IX q. v.]— lain "pX (h. "laxn dX) if 
thou wilt say (argue). Y. Mace. II, 31 d bot. ;— 1513 px 
(h. mm 13 bx) if this is (be) the case. Y. Naz. VI, 54* 
bot. — Lam. B. introd. end '31 3W nx ^X if thou remain- 
est here, or &c. Koh. E. to X, 5 '31 nnSS nnx ")« if 
the (my dying) time comes first, what of it? and if &c. 
— 2) adv. of interrogation, introducing the alternative, 
or. Targ. Job VI, 6; a; e. 

W" 1 ^' c. (cmp. ' IhSiSJ), followed by "1, he who. Targ. 
Prov^XI, 26; a. e. (aiso XSX ed.). 

j"!S m. (=b. h. 3S5> q. v.) berry, an excrescence on 
the e]/e. Tosef. Bekh. IV, 2. [Mish. ib. VI, 2 35i». Talm. 
ed. 38 ab 3SJ> (corr. ace.).] 

HSP&, v. xasx. 

*133*^ ("WJ) prolong! go further! Git. 58 a X 
'si xn&lB go one page and a half further, (and you will 
find it). [Eashi: a Z#«e=nsS-iX, v. IXIII.] 

yniJirx, v. -p w ' 

-!^"n ,T TlD" , SS! m.=next w.—Pl. with suffix of third pers. 
sing, irnsi&i. Targ. Ps. CIV, 3 Ms. (ed. 1T-H63X). [The 
verse is variously corrupted and defective.] 

»n^, v. f-ww. 
■paTTO v. ow*™*. 

"D^ltf Y. Git. IX, end, 50 d 'X ana 'iBX, read isans, v. 
Bab. ib. 87 b . 

. "p^l^Nl (Vbffi3" , N, y i3^) m. (olvi^Xi) wine 
mixed with honey. Sabb. XX, 2 (139 b ) i» Ar. (ed. '3X, 
var. in Mss. pViaSn, lasi, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 20). 
Ab. Zar. 30 a defined as a mixture of wine, honey and 
pepper. Ter. XI, 1 pbaisn Ar. (ed. d^alSH; Ms. M. 'BX, 
read 15i«). Y. Sabb. XIV, 14° top pbiaisn. 

"jl^N, ^^pi. finix,inix. 

JSn^OI^^JS, Gen. E. s. 29 'X XJisn "1, a corruption 
of insist or XH513X, dialect.=X5i3n ; cmp. Frankel M'bo 
p. 64 b 11OID p 'X with p. 88 a iiDib 13 "n. [Our w. omitted 
in Yalk. Gen. 47, Job 908.] 

*&?in3^ISl f. (n5X) sigh, grief. Targ. II Esth. Ill, 3. 

V. xnnsx'. 

IT^SE^, 'T^ Tosef. Kil. V, 25, read with 
ed. Zuck. niS^BpiX. 

"O" 1 ^ 1)=i?X f», v. f».— 2) in 1iX, v. f»l. 

"j CS pr. n. m. Ini, an Amora; cmp. iJiiSiX. Cant. E. 
to VIII, 11. [Koh. E. to IX, 10 laix.] 

JOT!*, v. xasx. 

^' 1 ^' 1 ^ ! P r - "• hi- (cmp. i?iX) Inya. Y. Git. I, 43 d 
(Y. B. T Bath. 16 c nun). V. next w. 

'tflJD'W, W (N^3ir») pr. n. m. Inyani, 
an Amora.' Y. Yoma 111,40^;' a.' e." Y. [Maas. Sh. IV, 55 a 
bot. XiiSiX, seems to be a different person, v. preced. w. 
a. Frankel M'bo p. 64 b ] V. xniSIJix. 

]V% v. VON* 

^•^Nl, v. ffisix. : 

5ji" , N 1) those, v. mix.— 2) onyx, v. ^SX. 

T&'H^CD^, llTBCD^ m. (acontractionof IXatov 
(xu^ivov ; cmp.' IIISUX as to S for b) unguent scented 


with Arabian myrtle. Cant. E. to IV, 14. [Muss. olvo<; 
[xupi'vYji; but the context requires an unguent.] 




^J^5" , ^f m. (pDi) suckling (infant or animal); omp. 
Xj53\ T Targ. II Esth. I, 2 X3hl "H 'X a suckling (kid?) 
of gold (lying, on the third step, opposite X1a3 [not X11D3] 
the panther; Is. XI, 6). PI. -ppjK (pp?!*). lb. (end) 
■pSD, 'X the isucklings were crying. 

&oipo' i x, &riip3&t m - (^p 5 ) a hird with traces 

of bites or wounds on Us legs; [black bird with white 
spots on its head, quot. in Bashi; to he read illpJiX?]. 
— PI. I'nipSi!*, 'JX. Hull. 57 a . 

^obpra, v. m^m. 

pyx, attfra (dra, atfys), i^m 

ttJDSK m. (UJJX, sec. r. of 12J1X; h. ttiisst, tt^X) 6et»^, esp. 
human being Dan. II, 10, a. fr. IBS!*.— lb. VII, 13 'X IS 
son of man (in Talm. freq. 1153 13). Targ. 0. Lev. XIII, 
2; a. fr— Y. Snh. VIII, 25 a hot., a. fr.-lol "W as if one 
says. Y. Ber. VIII, 12 a hot. S31 XlTJX a great man. 
Shebu. 22!>; a. fr.— PI. p1B>X, const. "WX. Targ. 0. Gen. 
VI,4; a. e.— p2J>X, ^». Targ.Y.ibid.;'a. e— In Talm. 
mostly i\D>X people. B. Kam. 92 b 'X ilax (text pi, 
corr. ace.).' Snh. 95 b 'X ilaxl IS^n (abbr. X"X1"fi) this 
is what people say, it is a common saying (proverb). 
Ibid. 10J a ; a. v. fr.— Git. 45 a 'pttjS'W (our people?). 

bTlD^P^N, VOX pr. n. m. prob. a corrupt, for 
bilafiBSX Antipater. Targ. II, Esth. Ill, 1. 

"O^SSl, "OSS a prefix for the formation of (verbal) 
nouns (Ispeel nouns), affecting the first radical in the 
same way as the prefix of the Hitbpa. or Ithpe. ; e. g. 
from "TO, fiWJ&X (pi.) rims; from 1l6=m» to walk, 
stride, XllWpix ankle, &c. Before dentals S^X and 6X 
interchange with "Six and "XX. [Words not found under 
"b^X must be looked for under -&X and vice versa.] 

*D 1 Sl (DiS) m. (Mi) son. Ex. E. s. 15, v. 6ix^X. 

JtfD^Nl pr. n. m. Isa, an Amora, disciple" of E. Yoha- 
nan. Y. Ter. I, 40« top. V. ~"W*. 

TTTaMW TntawcN, v. r™»»*. 

Stf*]©' 1 !^ m. PI. W (v. X16, 8116) head-side, pillow. 
Targ. T Q T en.' XXVIII, 11; a. e.— Ber. 56 a ll&iXX by our 
head-side.— [lb. tfiie ^a pillow.] 

10^ f.=wx. 

SHl'©^, S11DS, pi. *?*«* m.=8li6\ Targ. 0. 
Num. V, 17 ed. Berl. 

*so^bisi©^ (anabDoa) t. (1^0x^(00 

civic ri^Ais granted to strangers, isopolity (v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v. Civitas). Pesik. E. s. 15 DCli i& pixa hllll miSS 

Droits 'x [is] iV^sx -tun nixa saix arm issi Ar. s.' v. 

X^BbSII (ed. dibBB&iX, b^B66i», corr. ace.) 'slavery 
and stranger's condition' (indicated Gen. XV, 13) were in 
a land not theirs (in Egypt), but, 'and they shall afflict 
them four hundred years' refers even to their isopolity 
(in Canaan, from the birth of Isaac); Cant. E, to II, 17 

n^BBDixn (corr. as above.). Gen. E. s. 44 ; Yalk. 

Gen. 77 X^BS&xb (corr. as above.). Pesik. Hahod. 

p. 47 b note 96. 

""fi© 1 !!* m. (1&X) 1) imprisonment. Ber. 28 b ilWX p X 
&ViS 'X the imprisonment which he decrees is not ever- 
lasting (as he may die and his successor may relieve 
me). 2)*(=1">&»), pi. pllb^X prisoners. Ex. E. s. 30 
he burst the prison open "t&Wl S^Sim (ib. also p16"Wl) 
and set the prisoners free [prob. to be read pl^&X]. 

"©IS I pr. n. m. Issur ; 1) a proselyte. Ab. Zar. 
70 a . B. Bath. 149 a .— 2) an expert on coins. B. Kara. 
99 b hot. 

IIS^NlII, "ll©!^ m. (1&X; cmp.b. h. 116X, a. WS) 
1) band, chain; trnsf. social circle. Succ. 45 b (ref. to Ps. 
CXVIII, 27) '=1 arte 'X in»Wi Va he who creates a circle 
for the festival with eating and drinking, i. e. social pleas- 
ures. [Oth. explan. : he who makes an addition to the num- 
ber of festive days; — hence the popular name of SH 11&X 
for the day following the festivals.] — 2) prohibition, in- 
terdict; also the forbidden object. Y. Ber. 1, 3 b bot. Sinn -vol 
'31 'X IMS ID -1 the Biblical law contains prohibitions and 
permissions. — STT© 'X an obstacle to marriage by the 
existing laws of incest, e. g. a man prevented from per- 
forming a levirate marriage because his late brother's 
wife is his own wife's sister; &c. — ITiSa/K a marriage 
(or sexual connection) 'permitted in the Torah but for- 
bidden by Rabbinical enactment ;— so called because 
obedience to the Eabbis is a meritorious act (mso); 
IfflDllp 'X marriage restrictions incumbent on priests on 
account of their sacred office; (another opinion inverts 
the last two definitions). Yeb. II, 3 (20 a ).— 'X bs bn 'X pX 
one prohibition can take no legal hold where another pro- 
hibition already exists; i. e. you can punish, or impose 
sacrificial expiation, only for the first one ; e. g. if you 
eat the meat of an unclean animal which, besides, has 
not been slaughtered according to ritual (nVnJ). Ib. 13 b ; 
a. fr. — Exceptions to this principle (adopted by most 
authorities) are when the acceding act is: 1) Vbi3 'X a 
more comprehensive prohibition, i. e. having a wider 
range of prohibited objects; e. g. the law imposing ab- 
stinence from food on the Day of Atonement includes 
food in general, i. e. food otherwise allowed as well as 
food forbidden at all times; Sp&ia 'X a more extensive 
prohibition, i. e. having a wider range of persons con- 
cerned; e. g. the sister of A's wife is forbidden to him 
(1M15X niriX) but not to his brothers. If, afterwards, his 
brother B. marries that sister of A.'s wife, she is for- 
bidden in marriage (after B.'s death) to all the brothers 
as a brother's wife, and to A. both as his own living 
wife's sister and as his late brother's wife (HX nfflX);— 
3) Mix na 'X a coincidental prohibition, i. e. two pro- 
hibitions taking effect at the same moment, e. g. the Day 



of Atonement coinciding with the Sabbath day, in 
■which case the restrictions connected with each take 
effect at the same time (night-fall); 4) 1-a'n '« a heavier 
prohibition, i. e. a prohibition imposing larger restric- 
tions, e. g. the law prohibiting any profitable use of a 
thing (iiiOin 'X), compared to the lighter prohibition, 
bp '!*, not to eat or drink a thing (v. infra). Yeb. 32 b sq ; 
Shebu. 24 ab ; Hull. 101 a sq; Kerith. 14 b .— rilin 'X a Bib- 
lical prohibitory law; pail 's a Rabbinical prohibitory 
enactment— Ai£> '« a prohibition expressed in the Late 
by a plain (&&) 'thou shalt not', without defining the 
penalty, in which case the latter consists of thirty nine 
lashes (v.nipba).— Hia's a prohibition to which the Bible 
attaches the penalty of excision (by the hand of God).— 'i* 
fflrpa a prohibition the transgression of which the Bible 
punishes with death (execution). — iib-ax'x the law not to 
eat (meat boiled with milk) ; HM-i 'X not to make any use 
(of it, as selling &c.) ; llfflTJ 'X not to boil (meat with milk). 
Hull. 115 b ; a. fr — hlM 'vs., v. Siaa.— PI. -,*>1K>-!$. Hull. 98 a 
sq. d^lBlBa CpfeB*i) ITllhSlB '» hi all things Biblically for- 
bidden are neutralized if mixed with a quantity sixty 
times as large; ib. -ixaa — in a quantity one hundred 
times as large; a. fr. 

vrpmt, arwai, som sntoK <*.. d as 

thepreced. i),band. Targ. EzekJII, 25.— A'-lfe*!*. Targ. 
ib. XVI, 4 (bandages).— 2) as thepreced. 2). Hull. 9 1 - ; a. f r.— 
B. Bath. 92 b vb Xilaaa 'X3 sail ma p-btX -a we follow 
the majority principle (that a doubtful thing is presumed 
to have the legal status of the majority of its class) only 
in ritual questions, but not in civil law. — 'X las to 
commit a crime, euphem. for prostitution, &c. Ab. Zar. 

i8 a . Git. 38 a . — PI. ii's-it, -i^bx. Sabb. 6o b 'x -iia ittiaa 

a Babylonian permitter of forbidden things (R. Hiya). 
— Nid. 24 b , a. fr. 'na ana xnsVh Bab is the adopted 
authority in ritual law. [Kid. 12 a -11D*-St bit &c. read 

"■IB*!* ; v. 1B*N.] 

fcTfiO"'^ II m. (IS*) chastisement. PI. --Wi*.- Targ. 
Koh. Ill, 10. Targ. Jer. XXX, 11 (Var. l^W). 

^"flO^N, pi. stn-**»-8j;, v. :*h"»i!i&x. 

"D&^SSl, v. -b-S. For words under -Bb^N not found 
here below, v. "BbX, -BS*4t, -BXS. 

&qt?0^, SlWS,-tN, '^K, 'X8 [aison-, 

a. with One 1] m. (Isp'e.'noun of ab, 3Sb=h.' a^apiX q. v., 

b. h. aba; v. "b^K) a surrounding, attachment, whence 
1) balcony, colonnade, portico (also an independent colon- 
nade), esp. 'itii the Itst'ba (Ist'ba) the Temple portico. 
Pes. I, 5 (ll b j /3\sn SS to Ms. M. (Bab. ed. incorr. 3J, 
Var. SllBbX, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note). Ib. 13 b one 
recited 35 bs on top (inside) . . . ., say 'Xil M bs on the 
roof of the Its. (so as to expose it to public view). Y. 
Sabb. I, 2 d bot. '31 !*l"Bp*«; Bab. 7 a d-lfaSh "3&VttJ 'S-|* 
a balcony in front of the columns (projecting into the 
street, used as a stand, for dealers, v. aipsix). Ib. Kp^l 
!-pffli»U)n UtTTi &6l 'X'Ms. M. (ed. &6l Klri '&0 only the 
colonnade the use of which for passers by is not con- 

venient. Num.B. s. 12 two columns of silver which were 
placed in front of the Ark *rvtBb"K j*aa (Cant. B. to 
I, 11 'pI'lBB*-!* pi.) forming a kind of balcony; Y. Sot. 
VIII, 22 c '&6 B3n allow the surplus of three handbreadths 
(over the space occupied by the Tablets) for the balco- 
ny.— Yoma 49" rnlBDK !"lfflS>a nasi Ar. (ed. ^PM) they 
(the laymen) served only the purpose of a portico (hold- 
ing the bowls up to view, v. Pes. I, 5, but not handing 
them to the altar).— Y. Succ.V,55 a bot., v. h Jjfc**l.— 2) (cmp. 
ab*i, na^bii) something to recline on; couch, seat. Kid. 
70 a , (to one using the high-toned XB*S1p q. v.) '» 
»853*K i*lOI*1 call it itst'ba as the people do— M. Kat. 
10 b 'X liaab Ar. a. ed. (Var. as Yoma 1. c.) to build a 
temporary banqueting place for guests during the festive 
week, cmp. Xpaiiax, (Rashi: stone building, Ms. Bashi 
SbS).— PI. nistias'*!* (h. form). Ex. B. s. 31 (basilicas).— 
"■apS*** (Chald.' form). Pes. 65 b 'NX "5ba1 they (the 
priests) walked alongside the walls on balconies (pro- 
jecting boards made for them that they should not tread 
on the blood); Y. ib. V, 32= bot. rvi-JB&a. V. niBpa." 

*iTb" l bj!I3&' 1 ^ f. (Ispe.'of bbx>, r. bib; cmp. bibsb 
a. b. h. biaijs) cluster, a Ber. 51« bllJ '» 
'31 B*S&£>a Ms. Beth Nath. (Ar. mji^PibN, ed. n*3S>fflb"-X. 
transpose 6in&*«, Ms. M. hisrifcr**-!* ' read h^Vfib*K fr. 
brf=n; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) a cluster of angels of de- 

waimwitf, v. xBaisiiapx. 
.s^ap^s, rntspXto., v. t*-*« a. x-iBbx. 

1'HI2D' 1 H v. i-IBS^ a. 'P1B&8. 

N-npp *k, v. «rm% 

"ItTCp 1 !* P r - "• f - ( r - 1iiB=-iln) Malar (beauty). 
Yalk. Gen. 44 (a legendary personage). 

a'nBD'wi, rnwa, v.wbp^. 

N'HlSp'^II, 'OK (m.?) (Isp. noun of -IS; cmp. b. 
h. Mb, hlpa) cover, blanket, (coarse) cloak. Y. Maas. Sh. 
IV, 55 b li'pia— n-a n-st xian Kinm 'x (ed. Krot. sa . . . 

"Slpa . . . rents) this man's (thy) blanket has twelve 
patches (Lam. B. to I, 1 »KrVD in, 1 has SWIla). 

rrntao/w v. supra. 

K!l^T2p n K m. (v. xaBb"!*) a balcony (h. -fiSS, las). 
Targ. T IIKings'xi,14; IlChron. XXXIV, 31, a.e.rTTK... 
the balcony (of his pilace). 

n^llQp^, 'TX, 'ON, ^K (v. vat&VCiasyrtem 
of colonnades, colonnade with double rows, basilica (v. 
Sm. Ant. s. v. Basilica). Pes. 13 b nx*ip] ilh-n '» (the 
itst'ba of the Temple being of double rows) was called 
ist'vanith, v. TObX, 1-Bb. Ohol. XVIII, 9 (ed.-Ti-O '." . . 
pi.). Tosef. Sabb. I, 4 ; a.' fr.— PI. ni-SIJBbiX. Ohol. 1. c.,- 
v. supra.— Tanh. Mishp. 14 (ed. Bub. '6 "liBIBbiX corr. 
ace). Tosef. Oh. XVIII, 12 rYiJIBb"!* (prob. incorr.). 


■ fcrrnatfN, v. w-tj. 
ta'nab'N, v. b» oh. 

H\yW», v. m;iiaoiK. 
Sta'ftTOD^, v. ^bk. 

Harper's Lat. Diet. 1882 s. v. Statio II, B, 4) seat of 
the fiscal officers in the Soman provinces, also the staff 
of officers. Gen. B. s. 66 (play on Shulamith Cant. VII, 1) 
the people of Israel '31 dblS ittJ iiiiBBpiX naittlaB that 
preserves the (divine) government of the world com- 
plete (filling the vacancies) both in this world &c. Cant. 
B. to 1. c. irflVBiaON*, read 'p-iiiiBBpi:* (stationarii) the 
number of officers (of the divine government). Cmp. 
pins. V. isiipap. 

■jn:TDi2&^, v. itwBB^. 

rPEH&TS, v. msBtjtj. 

*n" l D1i3ia&' l Nl f. (Ispa. of ,00) querulous.— PL 
hi*?BBpi«. ~Gen.' B. s. 45. [Deut. B. s. 6 n^STOBb^, 
niiiDBpi!*; Ar. rmxipiBp, denom. of dip, KIOTO, scratch- 
ing like a bird; v. Gen. B. 1. c. quot. s. v. Dan, a. Hull. 

62 a s. v. mwap.] v.. rnaox. 

D^D^Nl, 'OSS m. (Isp. n. of 50 in 330; cmp. b. h. 
apa, SOla) an extension around the house (gen. with a 
stone bench) used as workshop or dealer's shop, portico, 
colonnade (cmp. XSiBpa). Y. B. Bath. II, beg. 13 b top, 
B. — drove a pastry dealer 'JtV 'Xa from portico to portico 
(it being private ground). lb. Ill, end, 14 b a window 
'31 '&6 fininB Xirtffl opening towards a porch is made 
only for letting light in. V. &OB01N. 

TDp^iS, OSS m. (v. preced., a. SOppiX) colonnade. 
Y. Succ! Y, 55 a 'bot.; Y. Taan. Ill, 66 dT bot. ; v. "POP. 

arao-w, v. bio. 

nVl!2D n ltf Y. Ab. Zar. II. 42 a bot.. v. niiappX. 

ITD WN, v. mjBOx. 

^inppljjj; pr- n- m . fytya. Y. Yeb. I, 2 C . 

*pb"'I30" t sS Midr. Sam. ch. XI, v. ibppx. 

D" 1 120' 1 1$, n^taD" 1 ^ Ex. B. s. 15, read SiBp/tt; 
cmp. Tank. Haye, 3 SQBSiN. 

OWN, O^EON (CHD) £• (1»Ati 6i isatis 
tinctoria) a plant producing a deep blue dye, woad. 
Shebi. VII, 1. Y. ib. 37 b biBOX (corri ace). B. Kam. 
101 b 'OK Ar. (ed. maO, diQO; corr. ace). Meg. IV, 7; 
a. fr. 

rTOW 1 ^ v. msBpx. 

DlJ" 1 t3T |, E3D n SS Midr. Till, to Ps. XVII, beg. 'K -pas 
read OijnBpilK, v. OiJ-l&O." [V. OiJiB'iBpiS:.] 

iTED 1 ^ Ex. E. s. 15, read aiBpiX, v. 01B01S. 

tfDDD^, NDlfflW f. i) (h. nas ; i* V e.otyut) 

something restraining' (the hair from flying), band, 
chaplet (of woolen and other stuff). Sabb. 5.7 b (Ms. M. 
'UK); v. &tt*Pia. Tosef. ib. IV, 7, Kil. V, 26.-2) steel, v. 


*njSH'I3D' 1 S, Ms. M. inna larsix, Ar. mniaaBON, 
Ms. O. rtinanoi^, some ed. naoOiN, a word in a charm 
formula (apparently a fictitious denom. of iaD). Sabb. 67 a . 

NWOiao" 1 !*, v. i 5 i5SBpix. 

D^Ep n &< m. delicate, v 

n^iOBD'N, rwbEp^, v. m ?? Bpix. - - 

•pIDHD'W, v. next w. 

yrbpap^, ^;;pDp^ (^iJBPpnN) m. 

pi. (atacpuiXlvos, oi, Syr. ■pi'toaOS P. Sm. 301,' prob. of 
Semit. orig., rad. too) a kin# of carrot, parsnip. Y. 
Maasr. H, end, 50 a bot. Y. Hall. IV, 60 a top 'npiJ*. lb. 
Xini:iiBOiX read mrWSBOiK his parsnip. Y. Kil. I, 27 a 
bot. pibBBOK B. Sims, to Kil. I, 4 (ed. corrupt). Tosef. 
Ukts. I, 1 -,131SB0S. 

UnBtfN, v. Kwm*. 

b'ni-iH&w, sbai-natyiN, 'pa, y xs, ; :ra 

m. (axpopdot) 1) cone, also kernel of the stone pine, 
(nux pinea).— PL ptormpiK, plpiS'hBOiX &c. Ab. Zar. 1,5 
(13 b sg..); defined ibid, fruit of the cedar (stone pine); 
a. fr. Pesik. B. s. 10 rrtonoWK (readoi^— or mV- ).— 
2) (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Mola) the cone or lower millstone 
(which is immovable, hence included in the sale of the 
house). B. Bath. IV, 3. Zabim IV, Z.—Pl. yto/hapK, 
ibinilppiX &c. Gen. E. s. 28; a. e. Keth. 69 a Ar. (ed. 
more correctly to . . . . .', sing.). 

Dib'Qi'l'EapllSl pr. n. m. IstroUlos (v. preced.; but 
prob. a corrupt! of -OttiaiBpi-lK). Y. Kil. IX, 32 c bot. 
(Y. Keth. XII, 35b K^iai-iBOiN, corr. ace.). 

" l Jl~l'Dp" , !Sl m. pi., a. corrupt. of WanapiSJ, v. 'BOS. 

DnjlbTliaD" 1 ^ and deriv., v. .'p!*. ; [Koh. B. to I, 
14, read Pcspijft.] 

" l !al2"ltaD' 1 S Cant. B. to VII, 9, defining Xi*Q-lS 
Dan. Ill, 2, read laV'B^Bp'W, v. 'OX. 

^TltaD" 1 !^, Men. 103 b , v. SWBW a. ^"iBpN., 

UOblTlia&'N, v..pftiainBOis, 
*J<Tnt2p^.,(i<"l n "lI2D^), WIS, / BKK 

m. (Ispe.'of '116, cmp. 'Vip, SHIP &c.)' net-work,' esp. 

»I3 , Bl6'n,t3Si» 

rigging, sail-yard, sails. [If the vers, smrab''!*, X^WpiBK, 
v. Rabb. D. S. to Sabb. 111b note 2, be correct, it must 
be derived from "lib; cmp. b. b. liTTQ, fl"ftp.] Sabb. lll b 
'iX2 ilBpT X^Bp the loop which they make when attach- 
ing the sail to the rigging. lb. riBlS "Wl and the (per- 
manent) knots in the rigging or ropes. 

SOaiB'HB&'N, v. iwatotat^. 

*^"D~II2b^ m. pi. (Ispe. of -JIB; cmp. b. h. tpto) 
plaited chord's, as a collect, noun fem. a girdle of strips 
of cloth (used by washers). Y. B. Kam. X, end, 7 C hlh 
"31 ''H KID S"rt fas used to make for himself one girdle 
of one kind of wool (so as not to be suspected of using 
strips of the cloths given him for washing). 

" , D* 1 ^ pr. n. m. Isi, abbr. of Joseph (v. loma 52 b 
'» Ml C]bV Sin), esp. known: I. b. Y'hudah, an Amora; 
(v. Frankel M'bo, p. 100 b ). Hull. 115 h ; a. fr. 

^fatT®, y. 'bx. 

fc*p n Qbb'Db' 1 lS:, 'CIS m. (axoXwrnxoi, scholasti- 
cm; S.; D.C.) sch'olasticus=causidicus, advocate, pleader. 
Y. Ber. IV, 7 d ; cmp. Gen. R. s. 64, end, JOiaoVlpBK 
«n*»">T«*"i Ar. (trnsp. 3 a. p; ed. &CpBbl^31!* ; corr. ace.) 
pleader in behalf of the Jewish law.— PI. ip^BpiiapiK. 
Cant. E. to VII, 9 ipbltabiK, corr. ace— yipBpYiap'W 
Ex. R. s. 43 'BOK bttJ rTfinpa (corr. a'cc, 1= mistaken 
for B) like the pulpit of the scholastici. [Also written 

iTS/Ob" 1 !* pr. n. pi. hW» 'N Iskufia, hear Shiloh. 
Y. Meg'. I, 72 d top, expl. rfclB MJXn Josh. XVI, 6 (axojud; 
cmp. Zeb. 118 b , as quot. in Yalk. Deut. 881). 

KbDbTS, v. '3bX a. 'bX. 

^p&lbDb 1 ^, v. sp^pVist?-*. 

*5^DQp^Nl f. (=H«mPq q. v.; BSb=Batt5) recm o/ 1 
tte market place, alley, *¥. Ber. in, 6 C bot. 

*^' 1 D&' 1 ^ Gen. E. s. 37, v. SWtK. 

IBb" 1 !?*, Tanh. T'rumah, 9 nal5 'K, v. bisaMBB/'K. 

DIp^EnSD" 1 ^ read oip^BT*. 

f'&lDD'W, v. TtW«. 

iCttDD'N;' n^DD^, n^btt&b'w, v. 
iraBb^, v. ^n ? px. 

^BD 1 !^ Tanh. T'rumah, 9, v. ISD^X. 

"|" l D' ,| Bb 1 X Yalk. Ps. 808, v. -ppi-iBbiX. 

*"jl«nb^b'H, 'S OTTIp, Lev. R. s. 5, read 
W'lbB'iK (otj/apio u)=comes annorue; v. D. 0. s. v. Comes. 

KTbepia, yra^bBO'N, (s)^3b§b^, 

»;CBb" , W, v. va*. 

btDQ^DBb' 1 ^ m. (ayevSipsot) maple-tree. Tanh. 
T'rumah 1 , 9' tW3 IBbiK ed. (Ar. ■) lal^BbK ; corr. ace.) 
K(7Aar (Is. LX, 13) means &c. 

SspSP'SS m. (pSb) prop, feeder, supplier, hence 
vessel in' which wine is put on the table (amphora). Targ. 
0. Ex. XVI, 33 Ar. (ed. rvmbx). Git. 14 a . Cmp. pSl. 

rnxpBbiN, v. w##. 

liHbjJBb'W, ■ "iTQbjy'Db m. (speculator, spicu- 
lator) arm-bearer, esp. guardsman of the Roman Em- 
peror; mostly executioner, torturer (v. D. C. s. v.). Sabb. 
108 a . Num. R. s. 19. Lev. R. t>. 26 'Bb. Lam. B. to II, 1. 
V. X^piBb. 

NTtabjJBb'N, antabpiBb <&'«**: &;*<:.:, 

^ . . ^Targ.'ll Esth. V, 2. Targ. Y.Gen. XXXVII, T 36. 

^nbpeb'w, v. -Bps. 

■p^OpSb"^, read O^B-lbBlX m. (6<J<apTOTr)0 
cook. Esth. B. to 1, 14, read dVd bxa 'xri Cp^-c=prepar ing). 

WBnpDb^,. v. ^gpsppx. 

b liinSb^X, BQX m. (aoitapayo;) 1) asparagus, 
also sAoofc o/ 1 cabbage, like asparagus in form. Ned. VI, 10 
if one vows abstinence from cabbage 'SO libs he is for- 
bidden to eat asparagus (the latter being considered a 
species of the genus 'cabbage'). Tosef. Dem. IV, 5 5Zpb 
laa; 'Xfl nx to cut off the stalks thereon (and throw the 
remainder away). — 2) asparagus, a beverage of wine or 
beer with asparagus. Ber. 51 a . Pes. 110 b . Kid. 70 a "W 
31 milpl aspar. as the educated call (the morning 
drink). [Yalk. Gen. 34 bWlBtfi&t read bisnBb^X (acppa-yU) 
seal, v. bilfiSp.] 

bilBb 1 ^ (jblBbX) m. (Arab, safar-gel) isp- 
argal, name of a fruit (called Perssea, Ilspoaia), plum ; 
others: quince.— PI. "pb^lBp-'X. Y. Maasr. I, 48' 1 bot.; 
Y. Kil. I, 27 a , explain. "p'uj^3=perssea. V. Low Pfl. pp. 
144, 289, a. Sm. Ant. s. v. Perscea. 

ipon&b'w (^apiBb^), v. 'Bbs. 

^Q3"lBb' 1 iS;,Tanh.ed.Bub.T'rumah.9,v.bi3OTSBb"iK. 

"pnrwa, v. 'px. 

pb" 1 !^ pr. n. m. Isak. B. Mets. 39b Mari ben I. (v. 
Rabb. T D.' S. a. 1.); Keth. 27 b . 

■n-rmpb'W, v. wrwi 

^pb'w, v. rwm 

•rwipb'w (mripb"w) fca»p.ofip=rp;cm P . 

nititp) cutting, trnsf. fate,' doom; cmp. rms. Esth. E. 

to I, 14 (Ar. ed. Koh. m. . .). .[Levy Talm. Diet. s. v. 
nitipbx, quotes nupina ...-.'» m, pi.] 

. mmpCN, v. next w. 

•H^plp'W, 'p&tf, "HTOpb m. pi. (Pers. is- 
kodar,'aaxav8ifjQ, aa^-'avSrjc, d»JTaSir)'<;; v. Perles Et. St. 
p. 113) prop, despatch-bearers, name of a game, a kind 
of chess. Kidd. 21 b vMsbk "iHOAr. (Var. Ar. 'pba; ed. 
iTiaipbiK) you must have played at iskundre (instead 
of studying). Shebu.29 a '=1 *0**X Xzb'n (Ms.M. i*rTlpb"^) 
perhaps he' gave them checkers (tokens in game) and 
passed them for Zuze. Ned. 25 a . Cmp. ms'lpbiK. 

N^ptm nB1pDi«, NFSnp&'N, v. von. 

^t3"lipP' l Nl f. (scortea) leather-coat. Ned. 55 b . 
V. sOBSipb. ' 


1 "TTO"HpD' 1 ltf, read ^"iB^pbiX m. pi. (<j7]Xpr]Tapiot, 
secretarii) the sovereign's private secretaries (Asecretis, v. 
D. C. Gr. a. Lat. s. v.). Y. Keth. .XII, 35 b ; Y. Kil. IX, 
32 c wnsapbix (corr. ace). 

Wpt^a, , pB , n|56'W, v. tjwj. 

mDlp&^N m. (corrupt, of K^ppiX, Pers. iskodar; 
Koh. Ar. ; v. "^SSipOTK) courier. Y. Ab.Zar. I, 39 d top ani 
'ai 'pmn he gave two pounds of pepper to a courier (to 
go to Tyre) , and he (the courier) went up and found &c. 

"ID" 1 ^ m. (contr. -of IftbiN, cmp. SOTrW*, an adapt, 
of assarius=as) As, a Eoman coin, usu. 1 ji4 of a Denar 
(v. Zuckerm. Talm. Gew. p. 22 sq.), called ipiaW 'X, 
Italian As. Kidd. I, 1 ; a. fr.— Y. ibid.' I, 58 d T'=a nrjx'xn 
'31 the As is J /24 of the silver Denar . — Trnsf. coin. Taan. 
19 b 'X miia because there was a scarcity of coin.— PL 
"p'lbiX. Y.Maas.Sh. IV, 55 b top — Chald. Kidd. 12 a iTftiK 
read "Hb^X. [Gen. K. s. 42 ~\tibn wb '» the Assar received 
its name from Blasar (Gen. XIV, 1), comment.; v. how- 

"l©* 1 !^ m. (b. h. 1&8, IttS) prop, band, hence vow of 
abstinence, (cmp. WIS). Y.'wed. I, beg. 36 c .— PI. nilbis, 
"plbiN, TlbN. Ibid. 'Xh bs> 'pp'ft ft* the punishment of 
lashes is not applied for breaking vows. Y. Yeb. XIII, 13 d 
rYnibl* (corr. ace). Y. Ned. I, 36 d top. {-o^ prisoner, v. 
T»iS.] [Gen. E. s. 42 'ibbx bwb '» bands '(chains) forged 
for Blasar, v. preced.] 

™10*N ch. same; 1) band, chain. PL.fiO^. Targ. 
Jud. XV,"l4.— 2) vow. Targ. 0. Num. XXX, 3 (Y. VT1Q"®) ; 
a. e.— PI. 'ftcpx, ^b^. Targ. 0. Num. XXX, 5 ; a', 'e.— ! 
[Targ. Ps. II, 3 M^bX (some ed. /! HbX), v. next w.] 

^"Ib" 1 !^ I 1) m., v. preced— 2) ttrfcHOt, SOb" 1 !*; xnib^S 
f. bundle, bunch, sheaf. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 18. Targ. 
0. Gen. XXXVII, 7; a. e— P?.^b^, KtriOT*. Ibid. (ed. 
also SObl*, ssnibx). KrnbK Targ. Ps. II, 3 (some ed. 
/! HbX) chains; v. preced. 

■ rw:6inoi8 

^T}Q sf II m. (v. lb) prince, angel, genius. Pes. m b 
'=1 wral 'k (Ms. M. Ktffl, read SIS) ; v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1.) 
the genius appointed over sustenance is named Clean- 
liness, lb. '=1 fctfYlWt 'X (in Ms. our w. omitted) the genius 
of want is named Filth. Yoma 77 a tOIBI 'X Ms. M. (ed. 
STUB, in a passage omitted in many editions, v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1.) the genius of the Persians (Pharsees). 

. (strata) street, v. XB*ibX. 

JTQHp 1 ^ f. same. Y. B. Bath. VIII, 16 c top re^S 
'X Sin that is not the proper way (^TTM 1t'6tb), i. e. 
it is inconsistent that the same formula should be illegal 
in the case of a letter of divorce, and legal in the case 
of a donation. Y. Gitt.VII, 48 d nnibis fti*& (corr. ace, 
and supplement ace to Y. B. Bath. 1. e). 

0"1I3"I&^ Y. B. Mets. II, 8 C 'K1 "pV^a, read 

ib^BbiJOT, v. b^adm 

*]' 1 1l3np" , Nl • m. pi. (=TiB1Bb«, pi. of GTpax6c.) band 
or body of 'men. Gen. B. s. 87 biSsm\>U)'X (Ar. -,1ialb6t) 
bands of adulterers; difiXTi VlB 'X bands of murderers; 
(Yalk. Gen. 145 IBb'W). 

apnox v. x-^bx. 

itrnp^S!, v . vew<i. 

nmO^ y. Gitt. vii, 48 d , v. n?ym. 

m. (Ithpe. brlspe. of "iib=*nB to leap', stride; b. h. "fl'aSK; 
cmp. bniBbX) a»We, foot-step' Targ. Job XXIII, 11 ;' a. e. 
Yeb. 103 a ';Arakh. 19 b rYTO KS18 IS "j* "Wl (Ar. linbX) 
what is called ist'vira (ankle; in an anatomical sense) 
goes down to the ground (the entire length of the foot 
from the ankle). Men. 33 a , "W 13 XTOSH a door turning 
horizontally like the foot from the ankle.— Pi. , p7nPib' 1 S$, 
"■~! . . . . Targ. Koh. XII, 5; a. fr. Cmp. i?in«. 

*pDDiinD 1 &< Y. Maas. Sh. V, 56 b top 'si '» 'rf>n, 
read 'pb^'ia^b snbn (pi. of <ji-cci>vir)«) three corn-dealers 
upon whose estimates he redeemed the second tithes. 

fcOffib' 1 *?, v. JW1JHOTJ. 

inws, 'pi?, antatra, www 

(contr. of Xin'nbX &e, r. 1Mb, *inx' ; cmp. Iritoix'a. "H 
1) a sifoer com, (with Kill or SDifflS, or sub'. Kill 
equal to a common (provincial) Sela, or AaZ/ a .Zkz. 
Keth. 64 a ; Gitt. 45', v. KpiSBIB. B. Mets. 102 b . Bekh. 
49 b »ib11b '!* Syriac Istira (v. Zuckerm. Talm. Munz. 
p. 27). Kidd. ll b .— Pi ^iribiX Gitt. 14 a "ini'S. Hull. 44 1 
iBifflS '&.— lb. 105 a . 2) Hebr. pi. ttixtTCBPX. Tosef. Shek. 
II, 4 ant *>a 'k (Var. m'snabiN) gold coins (staters), Y. 
ib. Ill, 47 c *bo&» (corr." ace). [Targ. II Bsth. II, 7 
fcOVlb^ nw, aglosstoXnSiaai, v. inftbX, confounding 
our w. with aaxi^p.] 

n^^bno^, n^jbrp^, Y.^w«t ' 

wsnb^, v. >t_ 
tfTHPb'N, ..... 

b^FlbTK, b^ttbN, y bN m. (ttt, Saf. trtO, 
Ithpe. ''rit^8, ispe. "defo; cmp. blinds; cmp. )*ms as 
to Ishtafel) of feeble health, delicate, fastidious in diet. 
Yoma III, 5 TtoiK Ms. a. Ar. (v. Babb. D. S. a. I., note 
10; Bab. ed. mostly / BDi»). Pes. 108 a . Snh. 100 b (opp. 
.IB"* insi not choicy); a. fr.— PI. tr&)V\W< &o. Gen. 

B. a. 11 Ar. (ed. 'B0i8). Lam. E. to IV, 2 ST© (read 

tND ... . .).—Chald. Targ. Job VI, 7 ed.-'rto8 (Ms. 'BD8). 
[Cmp. b. h. Obi, oh. 6^3.] 

rpb^nb^, ww, v. P reced. 

n" l 3|Pl'WK, v. 'm. 

p3TTTlb' 1 fc< read 'alDO-iX, v. JiDlBDX a. foil. 

NIS^NB^N Yalk. Ex. 167, v. 8aWiSi8. 

HB^I Sifra Sh'mini oh. VII, Par. 6, v. Wnn. 

nS"'JStlIf.(omp.''6 , iS) character, disposition,temper. 
Ex. b/s. 40 (play on St'ffW Job XXXVIII, 4) '31 n,*>1» '8?1 
where was thy predestined temper suspended ? (on which 
limb of Adam's head, hair &o. ?, v. preceding passage 
ibid.). lb. fjre-'K. 

JlB^HE f. (b. h.; fi&X) [batch], Ephah, a dry mea- 
sure. Sifre Deut. 294, both a small as well as a large 
Ephah 'X mnp is named Ephah.— Men. 45 b top "jr®''!* the 
Ephah belonging to the sacrifices; a. fr. — PL niS">8. Ibid. 

*p 1 '1pDTl2"B* 1 !X, Pesik. E.s. 26, Twn '8; ed. Lemb. 
•pM 1 ^ piiaSlBISN, ed. Friedm. port, read p^piia 'pl^aa 
■jiaipl than the palace (with) triclinium and bed-cham- 
ber wherein I dwell. 

blpHlB'N, v. vpvtn*. 
'D'IB'W, v. -wx. . 

fctQIB^Nl m. (v. 8alB) mouth, orifice, esp. skylight 
(impluviumj. Eruh. 100 a '82 p"te mm Ms. M. (ed. 
HIITi) (a palm-tree) which grew up through the im- 
pluvium. Kidd. 81 a . Hull. 51 a . 

KBfflB^, y. next w. 

"KQ'flmB'N (Mus.), SBDIB^Kia^mD^, 

'JUfflB"^ &c. (read : Sja^a^) «»• pi- (<^mfua, to.) 
the imposed penalty, sentence. Deut. B. s. 2 ; Yalk. Gen. 
77 ; Ex. 167. [Mus. reads rVlpa sing. fem.=4itiTt|AiQt.] 

b 1 ®" 1 !^ m. (668, ]/q8, cmp. BOX) /W<fer, /eed. 
PZ. "ppilBir*.* Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXVIII, 52 -pspna -fr* 

■|fn&lSiN . . . their feed is not prepared for them; (Ex. 

B. s. 24, in a passage otherwise 

I, •ppialBX). 

^TiBlB-N, v. 'Sdk. 

"pllBlB^IS, v. "pniaiBX, "praisx a. ■ ) i*iaiBX. - 

^BlBPSS! efofe, a disguise of elohe prftst); cmp. 
npiip'^X, ip"$8. Y. Ned. XI, 42 c top, how did you swear? 
He said, 'I swore Efofe Yisrael' (for, By the God of Israel), 
'I will not enter my house'. He replied, (you said) Efoffi 
Yisrael, ym& nbbs 8^1 (not nbbs) and on that account 
you would not enter your house? 

b'WN, D^CSISTa, 'pfc&lB'W, bWlB'W, 

v. "pOBIBX. 

^"IIB" 1 ^ read 'ix, v. 8;ilB8. 

S^"1 W v. TT m. 

DmniS^H f. (bnro&opo;, sub. V(5|j,04, mill)) a 
tome played to mares on being covered. Cant. E. to I, 9 
(being asked why they rushed into the water, the horses 
said) DTa B3b rTOS!] 'X (ed. DWrW'S, EH&inBiX, 'SX corr. 
ace.) a hippothoros is prepared for you in the Sea (a 
satire on Egyptian lasciviousness). 

MaB/W, «BB« (S^riXwo,. Gen. E.s. 14,. beg.; 

»W«, fiif t9B^ O^BN) f. (6W«) 
prop. Bomaw consulship, consulate, in gen. era, dating 
from accession to government or an other important event. 
Lev. E. s. 36 &"o^a ^>tt) '83 maa (Ahaz) was counted 
under the era of kings (under whom Isaiah prophesied). 
Num. E. beg. '8 ITPStt— d"P rvfiN what day, month, year 
and era (from the exodus from Egypt.). Pesik. Bahod. 
p. 104 a '21 '8 'pla Tin count ye a new era from my son's 
redemption. lb. Hahod. p. 52 b sq. he wrote her marriage 
contract 'x Snb SFOl in which he stated the era of his 

b"lp >1 '5aB" , !Sl (incorr. 'BlB^X, 'B1&1X) m. (6iraxix6<;) 
consularis, Emperor's delegate, viceroy. Mekh. B'shall. 
Amalek, 2, '31 iaaa '8 the Hypaticus annuls it over 
his (the Hegemon's) hand (ignoring his authority).— PI. 
•ppi»&i8. Tanh. (ed. Bub.), Vayesheb 2 ■pp"©B8 (corr. 
ace, v. note 4). V. OlpiBSn. 

blpTQW v. preced. 

fcC©" 1 ^ f. (-|&8) the reverse, opposite. Bekh. 5 a , a. fr. 
Sli IWna '8 b ( i8 our version is the reverse. Hull. 20 b , 
a, fr. Xian&a '8 sains, v. X31n8. E. Hash. 20 a ; a. 
v. fr. 

snpbB'w, v. kbvttw. 

JVpHpSHK CpV^BX Mus.) m. pi. (pastilli) lozenges, 
of sugar. Cant. B. to I, 2. V. 'plxttpB, OiWsDB; 
cmp. Yalk. Cant. 981. 

■jipUdD^, v. 'b&bx. 

"l&B'W, v. ^m. 

"jl^pS^, v. pipBiX. 
TOJ?B' 1 N, v. 'BX. 

&Wtf, v. to 

fc^S?" 1 ^ pr. n. f. Ifra. Zeb. H6 b I. Ormuzd, mother 
of king'Shapur; B.Bath.8 a bot; Taan.24 b ; Nid.20 b 'SX. 

"pY!©" 1 **, v. Till"!®*. 

DYOTliD^, Midr. Sam. s. 5 IT*1 lblBo '8 read 
Wi . . . hiafnsh (v. nans, esp. Pes. 50*) he (Nebucad- 
nezar) had to pay the writer's fees (for the change of 
prfcx 13 into fiiaxba Dan. Ill, 25; 28), i. e. had to suffer 
for it ; v. MaiN. Cant. R. to VII, 9 Ttt liffia pailB read 

^ SDHB^, .rDTB^, fcOHSa, WTB« m. , 

(Sirap^oi, iirap^ot) prefect of a province or ioton; 
governor, lieutenant. Gen. R. s. 11; a. v. fr.— PI pa^BiX, 
'BX; ia"iBX, X^a-lBiX. Targ. Y. Num. XI, 26. Targ. Esth. 
I, 3; a. e.— Shebu. 6 b ; a. fr. 

&iD""© n 2S!, v. preced. 

fcrpWlS^N f. (deriv. of preced.)=next w. 

■OTSra, ^DIS^, *&& t (iKapyJa) prefecture, 
province, town-government. Gen. R. s. 39; a. fr. [In 
Targ. also itrnw,]- PI. SWa-iBiX, 'BX. Gen. R. s. 89 ; 
a. e. [Targ. Lam. I, 1 srai'nBX, read Xi*3"lBiX. Targ. 
Y. II, Deut. Ill, 11 pia^BX,' read yrq"% i|.] [Midr. Sam. 
ch. VII, 'xb (Var. iBX*>), v. 1B3BX.] 

SnryTB^, v. preced. 

]&"1D' 1 N (Ithpe. denom. of ^"fiB) he was taxed (by 
Roman officials), i. e. his property was seized for taxes. 
Y. Kidd. Ill, 64 a top "<b 'X Levy's property &c. 

DIEHB^, v. pbaisx. 

tf BT*, HtiS^, v. tfBX a. TtitK. 

D^r®^, &1&WH, v. »i*i^ 

N1TIS! I m. CpK) ozier, prickly twigs. Gitt. 69 b 'X 
'31 tOPon (Ar. XSX) green twigs with which the river 
is dammed in (figur. for diarrhoea stopped). Cmp. 

&GT8II, NSTNni., NFtSS" 1 ^ f. cp«, y*x) 

1) squeezing, pressure. Yeb,121 b top, ipm XXSiX 3SX (Ar. 
XXiX) on account ~of the pressure (which the falling 
person exercises on the serpents in the pit) they injure 
him. Sabb. 144 b XXXiX "TO ihXI Ar. (ed. XhXSiX; Ms. 
M. XXiXiX) (the juice) which oozes out of the grapes 


through the pressure of their non weight. M. Kat. ll a 
salted fish made fit for immediate use 'X 35X by squeezing 
(and washing) out the salt.— PL iSSiJ*. lb. 'X phH» sixty 
times pressed and washed. — 2) trnsf. depression, depre- 
ciation in the market; [oth. opin. deterioration of qual- 
ity], Keth. 100 b xnXSiX hia ten i"S» (read 8&BS1; 
Ar. XXiX Mia. ilril, Rashi XSXiX) though there is a risk 
of depreciation (on account of large supply for the festive 
season) [oi of getting sour}. 

"irorN, ms, v. ^m- 

^"IDS" 1 ^ f. (ilx, v. nextw.) 1) destruction.— 2) (ca- 
cophem.) theatre; v. Xinaxx. 

1" l>; TtalS' 1 S f. (orig. m. pi., Ithp. of lis q. v.; sub. 
hTO &c.) 1) a place full of ruins. Y. Erub. II, 22 b hx 
'31 lVo 'Xh hX SlXTl you look upon the debris near 
Tiberias as &c. (cmp. bibbx).— *Pl. pjiTOXiX. B. Bath. 
103 b lha 'X if the stones in the field are debris, how is 
it? [Comment, diff.] — 2) cacophemism for theatre (a 
place of destruction). [The prevailing versions are pIBXX, 
pIBDX q. v.] 

^TPtZlinS Tosef. B. Kam. VI, 28, read X3BXX or 

p'to^HX'W, v. niaoijK. 

"HOrN Yeb. 17-, v. -na. 

NEWS, v. XiiXX. 

N"TJ2' ,| N m. (1XK q. v.) what is pressed out, juice. 
Gitt. 69 b! (Ar. 8*135). ' 

T^jibtiX'w, v. wiaWiBM. 

Np" 1 ^ m. (p)1X=p'lS ; cmp. Lat. ambire, b. h. anb) 
stallion-goat, buck. Sabb. 152 a '31 XB^ttJ 'X Ar. (ed. XIpiS, 
*nip3>, Ms. Oxf. "ipi», Ag. Hatt. Ip9, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 40) a goat, if castrated, sells for eight &c. [V. Sachs 
Beitr. II, 131 sq.] 

■jlD^lp^, v. 'px. 

*&tUE3lp' 1 N, Lev. R. s. 5, v. XBBlpiXt 

Di3iQip 1 ^=a'iaiiipix. 

■Q^lO/lp^ f. (olxoo(iivTj) the inhabited earth. Koh. 
R. VI, 3 'IplX (corr. ace); Gen. R. s. 32 "lpi (corr. ace.) 
(play on t/'kum Gen. VH, 4). 

DIDDlp^lS, v. siaiiipix. 

"jipX M'lp'W, CpNl) o.(zlx^)likeness,portrait, 
iconic statue. Targ. Y. Gen! V, 3.— PI. h. p^pix, hiiipix ; 
ch. X^ipiX, XhiipiX. Ex. R. s. 30 ("jba ilB) 'X emperor's 
statues; a. fr.— Y. Ab. Zar. HI, beg. 42 b hl^lpix, hIJipiX 
read hiaipix. lb. 42 c top; a. e. V. paip^X. [Midr. Till, 
to Pss. XV, XVH, v. XiiipiX.] 

OlHlJ Ip'iSl m. (o'txovojxo^) steivard, toivn-clerk (a 
slave). Y. B. Mets. IX, beg. 12 a . Y. B. Bath. IV, 14 c bot. 
DWlp-W (corr. aoc). B. Bath. 68 b DliApSiK, DIoVlpSN, 
'ipiS, 'pSIS (popul. corrupt.). 

fcTDlp"'^ I (pi. of elxdviov) statuary. Midr. Till, to 
Ps. XV : (ref. to Is. XXXI, 9, applied to the Roman em- 
pire or emperor) 'his rook' 'it ill this means the statues 
with the likenesses of the emperors (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. 

. L*^3TpN II or ■ a^pN f. (pi. as a collect, noun) 
(denom.' of yip'W) a procession in which portable images 
are carried. Midr. Till, to Ps. XVII '=1 biixba bffl 'it a 
procession of angels passes before man and they cry, 
Make room '=1 VtB i-mpi&6 (read V$ips6 or mripTrti?; 
Yalk. Ps. 670; Deut. E. s. 4 fiip^xb) "for the images of 
the Lord (man being created in the image of God). Deut, 
B. 1. c. roina "IX (corr. ace). 

raj^, v. preced. 

d"01p n fct read ■psip'W. 

I^lp^ (l^lpK) f. <elx6*ov) picture, image; 
Targ. Y. Gen. IV, 5 features (pi.); a. fr — Ex. B. s. 15. 
Deut. E. s. 4, v. SJppiJJII;— Esp. 'SW the bright- 
ness of expression, features. — Gen. E. s. 53 ; a. fr. — Ex. E. 
s. 35 nxs 'x(sub. T1) fine appearance; Cant. E. to III, 11 
yairYiK (corr. ace.).— P£ v. ■pp'W. 

ata'^'w, y. >$*. 

^bp* 1 !^, Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d , read with some ed. )^8, 
v. -ip_«. 

Dbp" 1 !^ Ithpe. of t&p. 

DlDp^JSl m. (Ixavot) 1) wo»-%, fit; wealthy. Yalk. 
Job 919.— 2) sufficient, v. W&piS. 

~lp*^, ^Tlp^ m. (=h. Ipi, v. -i«) Aowor, ^fory.— 
Targ. T Prov. XL* 16*;' a. fr.— Y.*Ber. I, 2 d '=1 i-lpT* my 
honor counts for nothing before the honor of my Maker. 
lb. II, 41 'X rrt Hrht* nx na (not S^finx) what honor 
dost thou pay it (by passing by)?; Y. Shek. II, 47 a top. — 
Y. PeahVHI, 21 b bot. '81 rtMIS an honorable livelihood. 
Y. Hag. I, 76 d top 'XI KIS^S, v. &na"U— PJ. "pip 11 !* pre- 
sents, greetings. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d (some ed. p'bpi!*). 

CS I sSI m. ("list, cmp. lift) uMe substance, undyed wool 
or cotton. Sabb. ll b ; (Tosef. ib. I, 8 missing). lb'. 79 a 
'!)6 8WS11 a sample color for the wool (given to the 
dyer).— PI. lp*t% B. Kam. 119 b , the remnants of wool 
in the hands of the dyer. [E. Hanan. reads OT^X q. v.] 
[Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 4 hliX; Kel. XXI, 1 !lW.] 

•n^'tva, (rTCfia), mivn, rrci-in, 

rPJlT!?, (ri^JHS') f. (v. preced.) made of white clay, 
unburned and flat clay-dish, a kind of tray extemporized 
for immediate use in the field. — PL rYM'iTW &c. Eduy. 


II, 5 "<5< 'ptfflb ed. (Ms. 'SIN f btibH, Mish. Nap. 'IIS). Y. 
Sabb. XI, 13" "ill*. Bets. 32 a I^M Ms. M. (ed. 'in) expl. 
=119 Ms. M. (ed. 1S)=sni^pn ^SS field-dishes. [Eashi; 
from "VS wsed m country towns{\), hence coarse, . wra- 

' CITS I, W"1!S! m. (supposed to be=?pi<;) .Erws, a 
lily with an aromatic root. Kil. V, 8, expl. Y. ib. 30 a .bot. 
jrPB-m (pi. of tXoyiX, v. P. Sm. s. v.). Tosef. ib. Ill, 13. 
Ohol. VIII, 1. 

dlTNSlI, CITSi m. (prob. from its use, v. DIM a. 
deriv.) erus, a musical instrument used at weddings and 
funerals, drum, taboret. Sot. IX, 14 "Wii bs— n« the 
use of the erus at weddings was interdicted; v. expl. 
Bab. ib. 49 b ; Y. ib. 24 c top. Kel. XV, 6 'btri (used at 

"pW-W, v. r&™. 

2T"P!S! m. (SIX) meeting, festive gathering. Targ. Y.. 
Num. XXIX, 35 (=h. Xlpo). 

&TTW, N^7», v. k^j 

Tia^s, v. -pa^s, 

n^Q' r T!St f. (ipv)|xta) dfeseH, desolation. Koh. E. 
beg. (play on Jeremiah). 

□"PN, Y. Maasr. V, 52 a , read S^N. 

&TN, Xb^N, v. SIX. 

TOTS,' v. wn* i. 

FTX, v. SIX, SIX. 

12TN m. (b. h.; U51X, cmp. IB 1 ;, v. U5;" 1 !*) Sewi^, wan; 
husband; lord.— tP^ttiVn 'X a native or citizen of Jeru- 
salem Aboth I, 4; a. fr.— Yoma I, 7 5"TD ilZTX my lord 
the High-priest. Sot. 17 a ttfflNI 'X husband and wife; a. 
fr.— PI. truasst, v. UJiiX. 

fcWS'W /Sre, v. TON. 

TTteKS'N, v. ^iaiax. 

nisptf m. (b. h. nm, * 

d^X,''''»<. Ned. 13 a . Zeb.' 1 
be burnt; a. fr. 

litt^N, ^25!S m. constr. (v. )m_ a. b. h. yv&K) 
essence, exact time, season. Targ. Y. Gen. XVIII, 5. Ib. 
XXVIII, 10; (in Targ. Y.).— PL WttJX, \3SIH3S. Targ. 
Y. Lev. XV, 25; Deut. XXXI, 10. Cmp. )ipS. 

"fltS^S m. 1) (v. IfflX, Pi. 2) praise, adoration. Cant. 
E. to Vlli, 11 X>"1 JpflffliK it is thy praise. Y. Succ. Ill, 
54 a top, with ten var. expressions of praise are the psalms 
headed '^XS with the word ashr'e, &c— 2) (v. ittSJ Pi. 1) 
legal attestation. Y. B. Mets. I, 8 a bot; v. X118X. [Some 
ed. ituix.]. 

IDS) burnt -offering.— PI. 
, 4 'X^ ^bs altogether to 

nTO" 1 !^ f. (v. ttjix) matrimony, marital state. Ab. 
Zar. 36 b nisnh "11 'X XnnilXI biblically intermarriage 
with gentiles is forbidden only in the way of legal 
marriage (opp. concubinage, &c). Y. Kidd. I, 59 c hot. 
'X mx nihBlzi servitude after marriage, i. e. a father 
selling his daughter after she had been married and had 
returnedto her parental home in widowhood &c. Yeb.76 a 
a. fr. 'X dltttb with the intention of estahlishing a matri- 
monial relation. 

m^ltf Y. Erub. II, 20 a diap 'x, v. nain II. 

rfl^TlS! mole, v. max. 

TOtifN, v. nsm. 
TNEVm, v. iniaoix. 
Jlbtp^, pi. ninsiaix, v. 'izix. 
pp2^, afci?^, v. 'a?x. 

~H£T& "l^" 1 ^ (Af. of 1UJX) #ood Zttcfc/ Y. Shebi. 
IV, 35 b ' what means 'we salute them'? Ans. (Saying) 'iX 
good luck. Ib.'iiX. Y. Taan. I, 64^ bot.; a.e. 

"iteij" 1 !^, Pi. of iiiix.— lujix, v. iiujix. 

Nffitf'W, 8^m,MSN:f.(=^»fa. Targ. 
I ChrT XII,' 24 ; a. e.— Y. Sot VIII, 22 c bot. 'X XttaX a 
cubit has six handbreadths. Y. Snh. I, end, 19 d 'X ya in 
one sixth. Ib.X, 28 b top •jW '&X six months.— PZ. 'pniax 
sixty. Targ. Y. II, Num. XII, 16. Cmp. XFlUZJX. 

*iTt2Fltt?"'sS! pr. n. pi. or river Ishtattith. Hull. 95 a 
bot. 'iXI Xiaa the ford of I. 

'Tfl^N A* tfjwifc; v. v«j. 

- asYpffi^,' arrox v. xninm. 
sHia?)^, v. 'm. 

"STX formative prefix, v. "nx. [Words not found 
here below, will be found under _ nx.] 

iTPfct, JSn^Sl (h. 1*3? ; nix, cmp. hi, IB^X, hX &c.) prop. 
&eiw#, existence, hence ttere is, arc; est qui &c. Targ. 
Gen. XVIII, 24;— Y. Ber. VI, end, 10 d 'SI ijn nan 'X 
one Tannai reads. . . . E.Hash. ll b , a. fr. XhiX13 as it is, 
i. e. as stated. — ib hix I have, I hold (the opinion). — 
Snh. 90 a , a. fr. '31 nib hiX13 la the one in accordance 
with the opinion he holds, and the other &c- — B. Mets. 

5 a , a. fr ' 'lib XniX dX if the opinion of E. 

.... has (had) any substance, i. e. if we must adopt 
his authority. — Yoma 41 a laiab ~b 'X ixa what hast 

thou to reply?— B. Mets. 3 a '=1 "OS ib 'X ixa what have 
I to do with the hired man?— Yeb. 11 6 a 'ffiQ ISihiX 13 
when ye are in Shili &c. — Compounds X3 _ hiX, contr. 
X3iX; WS xb contr., Xhib. [WTO*, ihix, my existence, 
Iaw=h. 1119. Targ. Ps.* CIV, 33"; a. e.] Cmp. ihix. 


87PN, JVPtt, NTFI^, '^f.(cmp.niXa.ffliX;= 
h. niJx;'cmp. T XMX) woman, wife. Targ. Gen. II, 22; 
a. fr.— Y. Maasr. V, end, 52 a xmx Xin a certain woman. 
Y. Taan. I, 64 b hot. nniX. Y. Ber. II, 5 C hot. nihhiX 
ini3X1 ,his father's wife, step-mother (fig. for Babylon); 
a. fr. 

IFFIS, IFlX, ^Nf.(preced.)=ti.hTOixwaiH»w<wy; 
'Xb in matrimony, as wife. Targ. Gen. XII, 19; a. fr. 

WSSl come ye!, Imper. of xnx.— [Pes. 50 a px mix,, 


n&nisTPIK, 'PlsS f. (iii,=nxiinx) confession of sin. 
Targ. Hos. XIV, 3. 

^rfW, ^YPN (pi. of nix) there is, there are. Dan. 
II, 10;~a. fr.— Y. Shebi. X, 39" nhiX xb bli 'b (Y. Mace. 
I, 31 a inij* . . . .) a loan on thirty days does not exist, 
i. e. does not come within the rule whereby a creditor 
may secure collection by announcing legal action before 
the Sabbath year limitation takes effect. — *Pes. 50 a 13 
'31 ISiniJJ "jlX mixi iSin (read imxi or pimxi; Ms. M. 
pinx; diff. vers. v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1.) as we are esteemed 
here (in this world) so are we there (in the world of the 


pr. r 

1. Ithi. Kerith. 24 a . 

^tTtTWN, ItTOTfN, 'm m. (v. !iiBXin) 
theatre. Targ. Bzek. XXVII, 6* (ed. Vi'en. 'illcnhx). ' 

ItfQ' 1 ?!" 1 ^ (=nix, inix a. xax) some soy.— 1 'xi bxiaffl 
■pnii Samuel or, as some say, B.. Johan. Bets. 6 a ; a. fr. 
[Diff. fr. xain 1X1.] 

WQTTN, read Siaiox. 

p;n^, v. inix .and mx. 

vbxptt, K^ria, 'n* (const. tam© m .=h. 

bsfflx (q. v.) bunch of grapes. Targ. Num. XIII, 24; a.e — 
P£'-,ib3niX, '3hX, Xi^banix; Targ. I Sam. XXV, 18; a. 
e. — Trnsf. scholars, opp. XiibiS (leaves), the untutored. 
Hull. 92 a '31 iani 1331b let the grapes pray for the 
leaves (the scholars for the untutored) ; for but for the 
leaves, the grapes could not exist. V. bslBX. 

D^ltf, v. rbax end. 

DTpStf m. (dni; v. -iX) orphan. Targ. Ps. X, 14; 
Job XXXI, 17 Ms. (ed. dni). 

bHTPN, ^ElFPSS, biaP!N=k. bianx yesterday. 
Targ. Ex. IV, 'i(/; a. e.— Erubi 15 a ; a. e. 

"\Fp#, 1S1N m. (b. h.; rVK; cmp. ■tP», WS, faiT*, 
*]u3k) 1) essence, permanent or normal condition. Nidd.48 b 
iJrYWS lin obtained again its normal condition. Sot. 36 b 
'MS IfllBp raw his membrum resumed its normal condi- 
tion. (Cmp. Ex, XIV, 27). — 2) adj. essential, strong.!!,. Hash. 
ll a i&ipm fcOffiis 'X ettaw means strong— PI. d^arnK. lb. 
dS15> "W^K the mighty of the world (patriarchs). Gen. 
B. s. 98 (play on athono Gen. XLIX, 11) '21 d^sm d"M 
mighty sons (heroes) are destined to descend from him. 
—3) pr. n. river Ethan. Succ. 18 a (Ms. M. ya); a. e. 

!T<"<a:ST'N Koh. B. beg., v. KJMWW. 

b^rrw, b^ns, wrw ( =&^m, <*»*«, v. «»; 

or Ithpe. of 013 'or hn)"to"b'e taken sick. Sabb. 145 b 
"tostpx (Ms. M. ^snist D^rrs Ithpa.) I should have 
grown sick; (Ms. Oxf. iJinbiX I should have been in 
danger). Git. 56 a Xd^rw (or Sld^riX) she grew sick (from 
aversion), fainted. Cmp. diSFIb^l*. [D^3rlN*=b^xr«S;, v. 03X.] 

vxm, )T^, v. ma. 

ai^prna, v. t&Mpb*L 

?J!Sl (b. h., i3S)' only, but. Pes. 5 a p?n -[N the word 
att (Ex. XII, 15 'but on the first [preceding] day') in- 
timates a division of the day between two categories as 
to the laws concerning that day. Kerith 7 a ; a. fr — PI. 
•pa* (&i3») £Ae word akh in the Biblical texts. Y. Ber. 
IX, U h bot., a. e. ]Wa ^pll 'X the akh and the raA 
intimate limiting qualifications. 

:JSS II m. (v. TpK 2) affliction, calamity. B. Mets. 59 b ; 
v. ^3fi. Gen. E. s. 32, end; Tanh. Noah 9, ed. Bub. 3, 
cmp. preced. 

SJN IIMpX, only with Xlh together. Targ. Prov. 
XXII, 18 (ed. Vien. ip!*). 

Tv Ji& 0!S f. (31*3) /wer connected with pains, rian 

b^NDN m. (dx*^«) agoie. Ex. B. s. 38, end (ed. 

JSQ3S, V. K3BK. 

IS"DO!S, 1S1SDN pr. n; pi. Okhbara. Kidd. 71 b Ar. 

(ed. ansa, msaj-'v.'soixii. 

TYl^, Targ. Ps. CIV, 3 Ms., read ^Urt'W or 
^1103N; v. XI^X. 

"lllDN Y. Succ. V, 55 b bot. read 1113a. 

aj^-iraa, ^ITON, v. '113*. 

IION, ^52? m. (113, v. 112) [hollow, arched pitcher], 
euphem. for buttocks or extremity (testicles &c). Bekh. 

VI, 6 (40 a ) 'S. Erub. 53 b (question as to spelling) 'X 
or S? (Ms. M. TON, 1135!, Eashi 113!*, 1133); v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1. note). V. P. Sm. s. v. 113 1691 sq. V. WSN, raiii. 

NMSN ch.(v.preced.)=XJ13. Taan.20 b Ms.M.,ed.X113.- 

D^IS, 'IS ""l£D pr. n. pi. K'far Iccum. Y. Snh. X, 
29 c (Bab! ib. 110 b 135 '3; Joseph. B. J. II, 20, 6 Katpap- 
sx^o)) ; Tanh. (ed. Bub.) B'resh. 25 139 (Var. dl3i!K) ; 
Hull. 55 b dl3iS; Y. Sot. VII, 21 c bot. dlaN (corr. ace; 
Bab. ib. 37 b 139). 

~\\TO^, I^DSS, "l|3N]3, 'TOSS m. (Pers. 
Kh w angar, Kh w algar, PL) table-steward, seneschal. Keth. 
61 a '13 Ar. (ed. N5311BX read N1S3113X; Var. in Ar. S<p1313, 
corr. ace.).— PI. *iaiS«. M. Kat. 12 a (Ar. '33K, ed. 'las, 
corr. ace, Ms. M. '31113X, cmp. Eabb. D. S. a. 1., a. vol. 
VIII, p. 75). [Pes. 40 b Ms. M. ^p-niia, ed. ipillia, Ar. 
iplllia, prob. corrupt, of our w.] 

^TfO£, ^"TON, pDlllS m. (v. preced.; 
Pers. Khorengah, Arab. Khawamak, PI.) dining place, 
dining hall in the garden. Targ. Y. Deut. XXXII, 50, 
SOSSal "ip . . . . '» a royal banqueting hall (put up for 
the. wedding). Taan.l4 b ; Meg. 5 b (distinguishing between 
"f33, erection of a building, and WW, putting up a temp- 
orary structure), what is meant by 'putting up a tent 
of joy?'— d^asa Sffl '3K 9B13H ill Ms. M. (Ar. '3; ed. 'as, 
corr. ace.) it means one putting up a regal banqueting 
tent (for his son's wedding). Erub. 25 h '31 '3N (ed. '3X) 
the Eesh Gelutha was to have a banquet (on a Sabbath) 
in his garden. 

i^nDN Targ.I Chr.1,7 ed. Eahm.; Targ. Y. Gen. 

"OS pr. n. pi. (b. h.) Achzib (Ecdippa, Ecdippon), 
a sea-town in Northern Palestine. Y. Shebi. V, 36 b bot. 
he who travels 'KS 139a (Git. 7 b ; Tosef. Oh. XVIH, 14 
a^ias 139a) from Acco (Ptolemais) to Ach. (Chezib). 

"lOtf, v. 1113K. Denom. Nithpa. 113X113 to show one's 
self merciless. Num. E. s. 8. 

SS"lOS, rii^npJS m. (=b. h. 113X) cruel. Targ. 
Job XLl, 2 (1); a.e'.— Lam. E. introd. (E. Joh. 1) XS^Dp 
'X merciless slaughter.— PI. "pX113!*. Targ. Deut. XXXII, 
33. Targ. J. II ibid. "W1T3K. 

n "lC^ m., 2THDS. f. (b. h., r. 113) cruel, merci- 
less; also strictly just.' Koh. E. to VII, 16 ; a. e. B. Bath. 
16 a bot. — PI. delist*, di113X; fern. W113X. Pesik.E.s.44. 
Num. E. s. 8. [IbV s. 9 mnx ma, read WP113X.] 

ba;iOS, v. tera*. 

n^'niDSS f. (b. h.) cruelty, severity; strict justice. 
Succ. 14 a ;'Num. E. s. 10 (p. 239, ed. Amst.) 'X ma the 
divine justice. Ib. s. 9, v. 1113X.— Esth. E. to I, 15 XSffl 
'HO N5N ma not according to law but with cruelty. 

rvnpx, v. *jia*. 


i. Targ. I Kings XIX, 8 

' NiapN, KiaDiSS (6xxtb) eight. Gen. B. s. 14 beg.; 
a. e. ; v." XQiX. Tanh. (ed. Bub.) B'midb. 21 IBpX. 

fS"DN, fPjsS! pr. n. pi. Achaia, the Roman prov- 
ince including Peloponnesus and northern Greece, south 
of Thessaly. Targ. I Chr. I, 7 XHITDX (Var. ynbaix); 
Targ. Y. Gen. X, 4 XISX; Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot. XiSX (Gen. 
B. s. 37 XibBiX), (for b. h. tms). [Sifre Num. 131 STClK, 
v. XiDX.] 

riTDSS! f. (b. h.; b3X) eating, food, meal, dish. Y. 
Sabb.I,4 a top, a. e. X&111 p nbi3X (ix&lll, '111) the food 
Ben D'rosa used to eat, i. e. third done. Yoma 80 b fibl 'X 
excessive meal. lb. 81 a , a. fr. mi33, 'X wherever bsx (to 
eat) is mentioned in the Bible text, the size of an olive 
is meant. Y. Sot. Ill, 19 b top rata nbi3X the consump- 
tion (of sacrifices) on the altar. Zeb. 31 b ; &1S 'X, v. 
DIB. Kil. II, 10, v. ilbsxIL— PL rviVeK. Pes. 78 a . Gen. 
B.s. 86, beg. (play on b^SlX Hos. XI, 4) ftnin 'x (some ed. 
b"<3,lX — nibiax corr. ace.) purveyances. 


D'DX m. (DDK) 6fac& (jewje): Y. Gitt. VII, beg. 48° 'X 
piaD 11,' v. pTQD; (Y. Ter. I, 40 b DISK read our w. or 
dl3X=Xa©iX); cmp. Gitt. 67 b . 

"]"0&$, 1DN (v. 13) ttws, i» ttis manner. Y. Ber. 
Ill, 6 a '31 W 13. 'X is it thus man deals with his neigh- 
bor? Y.Keth.II, 26 c bot. '31 'X max blanx yesterday thou 
saidst so, and to-day thou sayest otherwise; a. fr. V.'psrt. 

0"DiK Af. of DD3. 

^D31tf m. ("j3X, cmp. X33) ground or pounded drug, 
poultice. 1 Targ. Job XXX, 24', Var. for xmibSDX. 

nDDDN Targ. Prov. VII, 10, read X33DX. 

~J(S (b. h.; ^"jX to rub, cmp. t(5&f) 1) to gnaw, eat, 
consume. Inf. in Y. freq. b3ib=bi3X.b. Ber. I, 1 ; a. v. 
fr.— 2) trnsf. to absorb, occupy, take away. Y. Shebu. 
VII, 38 a 13 rtoix rrenfflS when interests gnaw on 
(absorb) the property. Y. Erub. IV, 21 d bot. Max '1 
'31 m'bsix four cubits entering into the area of Tiberias. 
Num. B. s. 4 nibsix mmb lias how mnch space did the 
tablets occupy &c? B. Bath. 14 a (interchanging with 
milts, Var. mill!*, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 5,, 6).— 
3) (euphem.) to sleep with. Keth. V, 9, differ, of opin. 
ib. 65 b ; Y. ib. 30 b top a. bot. 

Nif. bsXJ to be eaten &c. Zeb. I, 3; Ber. I, 1 ; a. fr. 

Pi. b3">x to consume, burn. Tam.1,4 miaissn nibsixan 
(Talm. ed. 'Wall) the thoroughly lighted coals in the 
centre; Y. Yoma II, 39 c . 

Eif. Vvssn to give to eat, cause to eat. Keth. V, 3 tam 
'31 VoSKa lJiXtheYabam does not transfer the privilege of 

eating T'rumah to his sister-in-law. Kidd. 31 a b^SXa ffli 
'31 one may feed his father on pheasants &c; a. fr. 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. bsxn!-!, b3xm l) to be consumed, 
burnt up, digested. Ber. VIII, 7 '31 b'sxniffl i!3 IS Ar. (ed. 
'3>mil>) until the food is digested (or absorbed) in his 
bowels. Tarn. II, 1; a. e— 2) to be worn off, spent. Snh. 
VI, 12 Y. ed. Itunn 'OT (Mish. 6 1T0) when the flesh 
of the ;corpse was gone. Cant. B. to IVj 4 MIX 'sffti xbllJ 
■jna none of them was worn off. Kidd. 59 a nisan 'xm the 
money was spent; a. e. 

bDN, b'DX I ch. 1) same.— Inf. b3i», toa. Targ. 
Gen. if,' 16; a. T fr.— Y. Ter. VIII, 46 a 'jlbs'w.'jlrlK 13 when 
they came and were about eating; ib. (more corr.) "|inx 
bs^a; a. fr.— 2) with ixip prop, to eat (the bread of) 
destruction, eat the informer's bread, hence to inform 
against. Dan. Ill, 8; VI, 25.— Targ. Ps. XV, 3; a. fr.— 
Gitt. 56 a 1p IMS blSiX; Lam. B. to IV, 2 yiiiXlp blS^X 
I will inform against them. 

Af. b?ix, bs^x to give to eat, to support. Y. Ter. X,47 b 
bot. nib ttbsiX he gave it to him to eat. Gen. E. s. 48, 
end (read:) lib tvpti» mb31X hast thou given (thy guest) 
to eat? to drink? do escort him,, i. e. perform thy duties 
fully. Y. Kidd. I, 61 b '31 iiaxb ba^a Silfi fed his father 
on &c; a. fr. 

Ithpe. bsxrix, bisxiix, b-exnx to be eaten, consumed. 
Targ. Ps. LXVIII, 23; a. fr.' Tanh. Emor, 6 X3m rial 
'31 bi3Xn»; Lev. B. s. 27 '31 m iial what is this? do they 
eat gold&c? Kidd. 59 a ibsxna Xp were eaten up (spent). 
pbsx Af. of ib3 to cry, v. ^3.] 

?DNII (sec. r. of bl3) to measure. Ned. 5i a b^b 

la ib please measure for me. Buth B. introd. 2 XM 

bl3X blpn flXD (read dip fihxb) here is the bag and here 
the measure, get up and fill it; v. bl3. 

bas, v. bsix. 

fc* 33K m. (b3X) eater. Targ. Jud. XIV, 14. 


Targ.Ps. CIV, 21 Ms., ed. 'pbaK, v. ib3 to cry. 

&G5DNI m. (3b3; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. D.lb3, 
naib?; 'Var. lect. X3b3X, v. infra) shed, store-room. B. 
Mets.' 63l> ^xabsxa . V .' . 16)111 (v. Var. lect. in Babb. D. 
S. a. 1. ; Mss. a. Ar. X3b3X) would my wheat have gone 
to ruin in my granary? Taan. 24 a (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 
— PI. i3b3X. Gitt. 56 a '31 'X ftHS . . . Xibsx one shed of 
wheat requires sixty sheds of wood (for baking), B. 
Mets. 72 b 'XI loin (Ms. M. "obsxS, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 
wheat stored in granaries &c. 

«"to^I f., xra 'X (b3X) mud-eater, name of a par-' 
asitic worm in fishes. B. Bath. 73 b (Ms. M. XJiB 'b3X; 
oth. var., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.- note). 

15DSII, fDDijtf f. (b?x 2) occupied space. Kil. II, 
10 Y. ed. 'jBin nbix (Mish. ed. nbi3X; Y. Gem. 28 a 
ribsiX) the soil occupied by the vine roots, lapil 'X the 
ground needed for the formation of the cave, i. e. as far 
as the roots &c. extend. 

b3fat, v. b;fe?. 

"T2 15D5S m. pi. (v. Nb'toix) public laborers, work- 
ing men. B. Mets. 77 a ; v., however, HUI^St*. 

"^DNl to cry, At. -of ite. Targ. Ps. CIV, 24 ^38, 
some ed., read 1^38*. 

NiT! 1 ) *5_iN f. (v. preoed.) noise, cry. Targ. Job IV, 
10; a. e. T ! 

D*OD!tf Y, Ab. Zar. IV, 43 d , v. biis. 

")3D!K m. Oa^) a greedy eater. Y. Maasr. Ill, 50 d bot. 

ytbj», v. r &=^. 

DjN ( |/b3; omp. dh) to be sun-burnt, black, dark- 
colored. Nithpa. to be blackened. 0|sna. Sot. I5 b lasxni 
ns the outside of the pot grew black (Var. lahSrfl'). 

' iDjN (='3n, onomatop.; cmp. "Sh Pi.) to cough. 
Kidd. 8i b top. 1rH3 his Kill! 'X he coughed, and threw 
his phlegm into the cup. [Peril. 'X' Nd3 a black, dirty 

■jDN, v. r?i j._ 

iZpt, v. 1MW*. 

&JDS Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27, v. CKiBSbSK. 
SSDDiS w.mad. (?) Gitt. 69 a (a word in a charmform- 

■pnjboa, v. li^i&sx. 

*rnbas, aTitDa, rmbaa f. (^s pa , «*- 

edra) (Greek) a covered place in front of the house; 
(Boman) recess, parlor, hall for conversations and dis- 
cussions. Targ. Jud. Ill, 23. [PI. Targ. Ps. CIV, 3, v. 
WHW'W.] B. Bath. 11 b SI iSTK the hall of the school 
house (philosophers' exedra, v. Sm. Ant. s. v.), contrad. 
to aniian 'X (Ms. Oxf. sma-m, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 10) Boman exedra (open but surrounded by a rail- 
ing), lb. 25 ab '31 '6& d*JlS the world resembles an ex- 
edra the northernmost side of which is not covered 
(h331ba Ms. M., ed. nssiba not surrounded); a. fr.~ 
PI. h'iS'l'lbSl*. Tarn, 28 b ' ( 13S bttJ 'X exedras forming, or 
belonging to, a structure (opp. to open exedra with 

nJHlDjSS f. (^op(a) exile, banishment. Lev. B. s. 
18 103!* (Ar.'xi"l1&3) (corr. ace). 

"bDitf Tosef. Kel. B. Kam. VII, 4 snuap 'X, read 
with B. S. to Kel. X, 1 fcOaap ilb3 [D,X] Ep> also the lid 
of a chest. 

jnJPpjJj m. (o$u-yapov, oxygarum) a sauce of vin- 
egar and ga'rum ; in gen . a sauce of all kinds of vegetables. 

Ber. 35 b bot. Ms. M. (ed. 'MX) ; Yoma 76 a ; Shebu. 23 a . Tosef. 
Bets. II, 16. Y. Shebi. VIII, 38 a top ippX; Tosef. Ter. 
IX, 10; ib. Shebi. VI, 3 'jilSiJD.— PI. ni^JibSX, abbrev 
rvp'iab vegetable sauces, vegetables used for oxygarum. 
Shebi. IX, 5 ed. (Var. WAD, JTHIld, hmsb, Ms. M, 
niiliJh); Tosef. ib. VII, 13 11B13X read ■p.linX; gifra 
B'har Par. II ch. 3 rVPTttb (Eabad rYniSbj'corr. ace). 
[Koh. E. to XI, 9 'jin'iBbaiK read 'pjib.lix.] 

S^DTbDiK f. (oSiu)|xa) request, petition. Midr. Till, 
to Ps. VI,' end '31 ':X ditspa di^hS (corr. '3X) others 
receive the petition presented to him X^>X ffipSa iji« iSM 
i^lB 'palidiX (corr. ace, insert bspn hhXUJ) I only ask 
thatthou mayestreceive my petition thyself. Ib.t'oPs.CII 
h31hS iba! 'X pn bx (read 1*>1»); [the entire passage is 
obscure and seems out of place]. 

ETON, &VDDN Gen. B. s. 46, v. biibpx. 

pTlTa^DDX, read 'piaibSX, v. T"!Bib.1X. ' 

"pTOOltf Tosef. Kil. V, 26, Var. of bid^S, v. 

mt», v. nvytajK. 

*Dlii^&D5<, &3b&D£< m.(ih\ m oc.) wood-carrier, 
forester. Men. 97 a 'S^s'common wooden vessels'; Hag.26 b 
OilVbSX i>3 Ar.(ed. D^bSX Ms. M. 'pbSlbSN corr. ace).— 
Zeb. 94 a Xi^b3X ii>3 (Ms. M. b1aib3X) forester's apparel 
(leather covers &e); v. bia&fax. 

. X^JpDX f. (bX^ta) foresting; v. preced. 

D^bbraa, babbas, v. bi^x. 

*"6bDitt, fPbbDN, Tosef. Kil. V, 26 (ed. Zuck. 
bM-i.ih dibi^3, Var. bib^s, •pytox) prob. iiiibibsx bite 
&Avtoi) cotton clothes. 

jbDH (denom. of IMS II) to harbor a guest. Nithpa. 
"jbSStti? to be received; to lodge with. Midr. Till, to Ps. 

"jbD!^, MbDNl m. (transpos. of X33bX, v. X3d; h. 
•try weaver's pin. Targ. Jud. XVI, 13; 14;— *Sabb. 
151 b iKTlSI 'S3 Xi|=a iB« Ms. Oxf. a. Ar. (ed. XJbiSXS; 
Ms. M. iXTttl XiJbiX i^a) even if the painting stick is 
as thick (with paint) as a weaver's pin. 

"jbD^II, pi: diJbSX, v. nex.t art. 

Wb5Nn,read: ' 

"WbDN or ^3_bD& 13bpX m. (deriv.of TOX) 
stranger, 'guest, lodger'; also (£emo<;) ^jrei soHier. ' Y. 
Erub. II, end 20 b 'N3 htoSi let him be considered as a 
.stranger (transient lodger). Tosef. Shebi. V, 21 I«0b38 
some ed. (ed. Zuck. r^ 8 ? 2 ** pi.) soMie»-, v. x;?&3i< 3).— 
Arakh. 16 b iJjOpNI '« an occasional guest. Ib.'dSIS 'N 
bSBil a traveller (constantly changing his lodging place) 
discredits others a. himself; a. fr— PI. liijbsx (v. supra), 

V56S6I; Lev. E. s. 27. — i;)b3X, K^i&bX, "W»X. Targ. 
Y. ii Gen. XL VII, 21 -wM^i ''« exiled strangers. Gen. E. 
s. 50 'X pi^xb an give these travellers &c. — *ai3lMK. 
Num. B. s. 10 (p. 239 c ed. Ainst.) 'xn Ma custom 'of 
hospitality [proh. Xi3b3X]. 

*^7 ! I3&D«, iTTUbDN f. (v. rwmto*) on 

Alexandrian merchantman (Alexandria navis); trnsf. 
o %* mast (satyrically for cross, gallows). Targ.II, Esth. 
VII, 10 the son of Hamdatha wants to ascend 131 'Xb 
XH13S (Ms. y&vb) the mast of the son of Pandira (is 
to be hanged). Neg. XII, 1 X"i113b3X3 (marginal vers. 
in Mishn. edit., text X^lpbX, Var. XlbX, X^lbSX, X"il3dX 
q. v.) in the rigging. 

&^0&plS5 f. (Sevia) 1) hospitality, lodging. Ex. E.s. 
35 '31 TOSS 'X (Pes. 118 b , corr. ace) they were a lodging 
place to my children in Egypt (they offered hospitality 
to &o.).— 'X bss Aosf. Pesik. E. s. 11; cmp. ^paiilX.— 
B. Mets. 85 a nbffl 'X bs hltna mm scholarship likes to 
come around to its inn again (to be hereditary in the 
family); a. fr.— 2) (='K rfsss) ftosfess. B. Mets. 87 a one must 
inquire ibtB 'X3 after the health of his hostess.— 3) quarter 
given to troops on march or to transient poor men; also the 
passing troop, or the passing poor; (individ.) beggar. 
Targ. Job XXXI, 32; a. e.— B. Bath. ll b tall* 133 "*& 'X 
the quartering (of soldiers takes place) in proportion to the 
number of inmates (of each house). Dem. Ill, 1 ; v. Y. 
ib. 23 b top. Tosef. Shebi. V, 21 '=1 pi3b3X pbi=xa pX 
ed. Zuck. ( Var. X^3b3X nx) you are not allowed to give .... 
to soldiers quartered with you. T. Ber. IX, 13 b 'X "fin 
XHSlis this poor beggar. Ib. 'lbs 'x poor beggars. Lev. 
E.s. 34. Lam. E. to 1,1 ('Ilia in) 'X !t)3 13 a poor man. — 
4) a gathering of scholars entertained by the hospitable 
of the place. Y. Ber. IV, 8 b top 'xb piS3 leaving for 
the scholars' meeting. Bab. ib. 63 b 'X 11333 nns opened 
his speech in honor of hospitality to scholars. 

HW3&DN, JVP3DDN f. (v.preced.) 1) stranger's 
condition, exile. Sot. 36 b — 2) soldier's pay. Mekh. B'shall. 
Shirah 4; Yalk.Ex. 246; a. e. (interchanging with X"<3bSX 
q. v.). 

*^ODtf, VCTS) 'iS m. (readX311S13b3XXenopar- 
ochus) one who provides for strangers or soldiers, quarter- 
master. Y. B. Kam. Ill, 3 C top i"ittJ .... 'B 'X pin 
'31 rpJIUBniai (readniSYinajTab) it is permissible to bribe , 
the quartermaster (to let you off) before the Eomans 
enter (the place), but not after that (when one man's 
release from quartering duty Is a direct injury to the 
other inhabitants). 

*D«lD£t)DK, &11BD&D& Hull. 66 b , Ab. Zar. 
39 a 'SI . . . b31SX1 b31pX (v. Var. lect. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.), 
Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27 '31 S33X bX">n&bS blablSI b^lp, 

restore bx^nxi (biisib3)JbjfSib3(s) bia^ei b^biptx) 
'31 (b^anxi) xoklaz, TTTjXau.u;, Sicpiac, advia.;, names of 
fishes (v. Greek Diet.) Colias, Pelamys, Xiphias, Athnias 
and Thunny; v. b31BX. 

XHfcOiK Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 5, v. X"i13bX a. &011303X. 
—[V. also next w.] 

rHODItf f. (used as adverb ; a comp. of "|8 a. nib 
less or more, v. "Q3) in a lump, on measuring by sight. 
Dem. II, 5 (Ms. M. X13bX) ; Y. ib. Ill, 23 c 'X ",1310 he 
sells them in a lump (as many as there may be). Maas. 
Sh. IV, 2. Sifra B'hukk. Par. 4, ch. X; a. e. 

^DIS, ^OSSl, ch. (b. h. t|3X, j/rp, v. E)63), denomin. 
of S)318, to ride on a' saddled ass. Nid. 14 a '31 qrrtfll xn 
Ar. (ed. S)3a1=S]:3Xa Pa.) in the one case it means 
he rides on a saddled ass. [Cpi» Snh. 36 a , v. t)13.] 

stfSD^ m. (v. preced.) 1) load, weight. B. Bath. 69 a 
'XI ">33X stones to weight the sheaves down to protect 
them from the wind. — 2) a contrivance to carry loads, 
as a hand-barrow or hand-basket. Sabb. 66 b 'XI Xlan, 
v. paopw. Bets. 30 a (var. XBn"OX on the shoulder, v. 
Eabb. T>. S. a. 1.). 

fiBDK, v. next w. 

r©DN, riBD^s (r©?^) f. (R 3x ; m P . b.h. t^ 

burden, care, solicitude, followed by - V of the person 
concerned. Targ. I Chr. XXI, 13 nB?->X.— Y. Sot. V, 20 b 
top tvb nS3X ixa Xrvai what concern is the Temple to 
him? Taan. 25 a ~|i '"<X "WQ why should that trouble 
thee ? B. Mets. 40 a '31 'X ifcta "Ol what do the mice care 
whether &c. Koh. E. to IV, 1 tV*? "V* na ffl what con- 
cern is it to this one (if the other sinned), i. e. why 
should he suffer for it?; a. fr. Pesik. E. s. 10, beg. "W 
art) will people care for them (miss .them) ? Git. 62 a 
nib nS3X x!»nB3a should he not care for it? Cmp. HS3. 

"138, &CI3K, v.. -X. 

DIID^ m. (=3113 q. v.) cabbage. Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 cl 
top. Num. E. s. 7.— Y. Bets. V, 63 a 'X ioblp cabbage 

*D ; HDS, % D1H2K, '3N m. (d13=bip; y-a) 
covering, boating. X11p3 p»31x''X a coating of blackness 
like a pot. Targ. Jer. VIII, 21 (h. text lip). Targ. Joel 
II, 6; Nah. II, 11 (h. text 111X2). Cmp. Slip. 

*2?T"plK Y.Maasr.I, 48 d top, read 3113X; cmp. nbp. 

flPDlS! f. h.=ch. XM13X. Y. Meg. IV, 75 b top, expl. 
mip3niJX, v. niJX; y'. Keth. XI, 34 c ; Y, Snh. I, 19 b 

b&CJ"pi< pr. n. [the herald of God], Akhr'ziel, 
an angel.' Yalk. Deut. 940. Deut. E. s. 11 '"ni3K (corr. 

X7)1"pfc$ f. (=h. nnsn; ra) proclamation announcing 
public' sale, whence, auction, cmp. t"i15X.' — B. Mets. 3b b 
'X ia"i time appointed for public sale. Keth. 100 b ib33 
'XI property sold at auction. Ib. for capitation-tax &c. we 
sell 'X X^3 without previous announcement; a. fr. 

JWI/2~DI$ Midr. Till, to Ps.XIX,5, Yalk. ib.X^Bl3 
pr. n., prob. a corrupt, of KWia ^S Britannic Isles. 

^V : - • - *■ ( s>15 ) P I0 P- balancing, hence balances, 
scales, weighing. Pesik. B'shall.p. 82 a "si ■ps'-oxi 'aa in 
the way they weighed, they were weighed. [Cmp. Buber 
1. c. note 43.] 

N?V|~H3D!!< f. (iaa) propriety, proper use. Targ. 
Koh. X, 10. ' 

TDi$ (coutr. ofi'h SfJ?S3 IN) a scholastic term in Talm. 
Bab., 8ft?;, eve» woto, yet. Meg. 2 a '31 PpV isaa 'XT and 
still the plural form is needed. Yonia 27 a ; a. fr.— iFQOTa 
since, up to that time. B. Hash. lO 11 . 

50FDS m. (ros, v. P. Sm. 191; cmp. «05N, D3S, 
Pibas, pS) venomous, vindictive. Targ. Pro v. XII, 28 Ms. 
Luzz. (v.Pesh., a.lXXb,c); [soineed. !*5P.nax, v. npi3; 

*wms>; h. text 'ai *>» rwo!] 

~KJ"?*? ni.(v.preced.; "lformat.,cmp.1plab)^reems/i, 
blighted.' Y. Dem. n, beg. 22 11 is there no rice in Hulta? 
fcOPi 'X it is greenish. 

^"TDX m. (IPO) [divine crown], pr. n. AJchtriel, 
a divine surname (attribute). Ber. 7 a . 

J iS, D j"!S Albam, a formula of permutation of 
letters wherein the first interchanges with the twelfth, 
the second with the thirteenth, &c. Nam. B. s. 18 b»3a 
s6al 6"sS>iG Tubel in Albam reads Ramla. Sabb. 104 a . 

"3N a prefix,' =*>S; e. g. niKTawefcx (==pniSl»Pi b») 
appointed over treasures, v. -k. 

35S (b.h.) wof, mo (according to Talmud a milder form 
of prohibition than !**>; v. Y. Pes. VI, 33 b ). Aboth I, 3 — 
i-ippi bK (abbr. PY'K), v. xib&t. Taan. 1 l a '=1 PINT 'X shall 
not live to see &c.; a. v. fr. • 

>£> (b. h.; ViK to £wr») prep. to, toward.— PI., with 
prefix a a. suffix of pers. pron., of itself, of my (his &c.) 
own accord, on my (his &c.) authority. Yoma 5 b "btxg tib 
not on my own authority. Orlah I, 2 T!jXa P&WPl grow- 
ing spontaneously.— Y. Peah VII, 20 l,T bot. its sacred 
character llai T^xa they did derive from itself (i.e. 
from the wording' of the law itself).— Hence SlV^a, v. 

3!tf m. (b. h.; v. Wat) GW. Shebu. 35 a divine names 
which dare not be erased are El &c. Taan. 6 h bot.; a. fr. 

!S55< buttress, v. S^K. 

N5!^I to lament, v. ^X. 

SSbiSlII m . c ?tt?>, bat. Targ. Cant. VIII, 5; v. XP&X. 

N9X (N?!^) (contr. of sV )<*=!& bs.) 1) if not, ex- 
cept, but, only. Targ. 0. Ex. XV, 11 WK % Prt none but 
thou, none besides thee; a. e.— Ber. V, 1 'ai'N . . . . 'plalS *pst 
one must stand up, for prayer in .no other disposition 
but that of humility. — Snh. 4 a PlffifctB 'it. )n sb he 
did only three times. Ber. 1, 1 '31 'X (lias) 13^3 M sVl and 

6 abx 

not only in this case they said so, but wherever &c. lb. 
5 a W^Sjftn 'K ilSIB^Pi ilpn Vn read not th'lamm' dennu 
(i-hou instructest him) but th'lamm'denu (thou teachest 
us) ; a. ,v. fr. — 2) (ellipt.) (you cannot say anything ex- 
cept . . .) but, a logical inference excluding all other 
explanations &c. lb. 30 b Niffi StV'K but (the conclusion 
is proven) there is no difference. lb. '1 "108 'N but, said 
E .... we may derive it &c; a. fr. 

'■NITaDlNbK, read 'i*6p, v. KlaJ&p. . 

w^bs*, rtaiabs &* to cut; cm P . ^n, e^n, 

K&Wi &c.) ffl 6M«c??e of shoots, broom. Y. Meg. II, 73 a 
(for b. h. NBNB-o). 

'sSjBvsX m. (v. preced.) young shoot of the palm-tree, 
thin pointed branch. PL "psalpN, SO^abx. Cant. B. to 
VII, 9 the palm ... has no' less •piaVx ■paVis'p&Pl )n 
(strike out ysVw) than three new (cutting) shoots. lb. in 
our place they call PliiJ&3& iX^Ja?&6 the young shoots 
sans'naya (h.D"0&5&). [Num. E. s. 3, beg., in Hebr. diction, 
■piaiJSi, fr. 3S8, cmp. 3X; prob. to be read ■"paiaisjij 

HJ n D|b!!< m. (b. h., cmp. ffl^aj Job XXVIH, 18, a. 
Targ. a. t)' hail, hailstone (crystal). Ber. 54 b (playful 
etymol. ttJiN 3S bs). 

SS^XSliib^ m. pi. (=b. h. d'WaljK) name of a tree. 
Targ! II Chr.'ll, 7 (8). [lb. IX, 10; 11 K^la^, reading 
the h. text as in I Kings X, 11.] V. aia>X. 

I^DW!^ Tosef. Maasr.III,14 v Var. ed.Zuck., v. t5^S. 

■nba, D^btf=^, & ^, v .n% 

H5^ to ewrse, v. ibx. 

tD^ f. (b. h.; Pi*s8, ]/1w to point, cmp. "MS a. IPi) 
imprecation, curse. Sot. II, 5 (17 a ); a. fr.— P?. nfts. 
lb. a. e. T 

n?JS c. pi. (b. h.; v. preced.) these, those (cmp. ■m). 
Ex. B. s. 30 ?;'e??eA (and this) adds to the preceding (con- 
tinues), e??e/i (these) restricts. V. sfe&t. 

n5i!< f. (b/h.; v. preced. ws.) terebinth. Shebi. VII, 5. 

/ibis Sabb. 90 a Ar., v. 8^83. 

ri?i< f. (b. h. Josh. XXIV, 26; v. »pfes«) [pointed, 
prominent] 1) lance, fork. Kel. XVI, 8 'KPMlBPi, v. ^Bh. 
Pes. 57 a IPifesa ^ iix woe to me (I am afraid) of their 
fork (weapon). Sabb. VI, 3 (63 a ) ed. (Ms. &£>!*); Y. ibid. 
8 b (expl. ■ppi'i*!)..— 2) sign-pole, used in the barn as a 
mark. lb ; Y. Maasr. I, 49 a bot. ; Tosef. Ter. Ill, 1 1 
'XPi Ipswpittta (ed. Zuck. "iBSPiiffia, corr. ace.) as soon as 
the sign-pole (fork) is removed (indicating that the grain 
is ready for use and priestly gifts). 

fibs*, WlbS, fib^ Dan. 
Ill, 28;" a. fr.— Targ. o". Deut. XXXIII, 26;' a. fr.— Lev. 
E. s. 5, end 31 pfcx PX Ar. (ed. rnVx). Y. B. Mets. II, 8° 


WWI linnbx the God of the Jews. Y. Snh. X, 28 b — 
PI. (also plur. majest.) 'pribsf;. Dan. II, 11; a. e.— XifibiS;. 
Jer. X, 11. Targ. Ps. CXXXVI, 2 SWibit ^Slbst the' God 
of gods. [Gen.B. s. 26 '31 'X 13» steals (read ',li-lbs<) when 
priests rob — who would swear by their god?] lb. (ref. 
to Gen. VI, 2).— Lev. R. s. 33 S*i*rjba< .... T^lp "jan there 
(in Rome) they call their kings gods. 

^'^biSl, rWfo&t f.(v.preced.)Z>e%,dwm%. Gen. 
R. s. 46 inihlbxb "ns— iblSH 'pxti) the universe and what 
it contains, are but inadequate manifestations of his 
divinity; a. e. lb. s. 66 lMrTlbN ~b }m (some ed.) may 
he impart to thee his divine power; v. next w. — iYiiribK, 
v. rribs<. 

ND^nblS! oh. same. Targ. Cant. VIII, 1 ; a. e. Gen. 
R. s. 66 Ar. (v. preced.). 

D^'btf, v. *&*. 

vrs^» Trrr^ h* ^^ iut that > ««&*») except, 

only. Targ. Gen. XXXII, 27 ; a. fr.— 'St £]X even om^, i. e. 
so roucA tte more (or fess), wot to say. Targ. I Kings 
VIII, 27 ; II Kings V, 13. V. -,rlb; omp. S&!*. 

T91Sj, IT 1 !!* c. pi. (b. h. n|«, q. v.) 1) these, the follow- 
ing. B. Mets. II, 1 ; a. v. fr.— 'XI 'X Soift. Zeb. V, 2 ; a. v. 
fr. *[2)(interrog.)«eAW? Pesik.R. s. 29 (—30, ed.Priedm. 
p. 138 b ) "pOSO ibitfb in which of them shall we trust? 
Pesik. Nahamup. 127 b sq.; Yalk. Is. 307 Ml ijtb, TPS<b.] 

I^N, v. 6-SJ. 

15^! (=snst, v. nbsj) oeMd. Dan. II, 31; a. e. 

S*"i* m. (aXor), prob. of Semit. orig.) the impissated 
juice of aloes, used as a purgative. Git. 69 b Ar. (ed. 


•yfefibs, v. r6Pi*»»*p«. 

■wba, ^liba, wb, ^bri, 'rbn (b . h . *) 

oft that! Targ. Y. II Num. XXIII, 10; a."e. Targ. Ex. 
XVI, 3, (^ib).— Targ. Y. ib. XXXII, 30 (h. text iblX) 
—Num. R. s. 2. Gen. R. s. 9; a. fr. *[Targ. Y. II Num. 
XXIV, 23 iVjb&t, Y. I \\ woe!] 

SmbS m., pi. Bilbsj (v. 6Mbit) aloe-wood. Y. Keth. 
VII, end, 31 d ; Gen. R.' s. 15, v.'JB^. V. also pi>8. 

nibNt m. (b. h.; v. bst) (?od P£. *»<$«*. tairftst, cmp. 
bx— EPS-lb'stri by God! Sabb. 145 a ; a. fr. [1 is freq. sub- 
stituted for n as t^bx, *nbx, Wi esp. in Targ. Y. ed. 
Sab.] tnpbx, ch. Stpbi*, adopted in order to avoid utter- 
ing the divine name. B.Kam.l06 a ; cmp'. "pisbst, iBl&i&l&c. 
— PL rrirrftx 1) deities, powers. Y. Ber. IX, beg. 12 d . 
Lev. R. s. 4. — 2) biblical verses containing the. word El, 
Elohim &c. Y. R. Hash. IV, 59 c . 

rwribsj, v. «n^. 

«TibN, rmba, 

v. s*ibs<, nibs. 

■wnba, v. i^ 

D n Tlbi< (Subs* Ar.), v. filbs. 

Plb« (D^b?, l^lb?) m. pi. (v. K$K) tte 
herbaceous plant aloe, a kind of cress. Y. Shebi. IV, 35 h 
bot.; Tosef. ib. I, end (ed. Zuck. 'Klbs, oth. ed. 'plbi', 
•pubs) '=1 'SW1 fix 'palpal you may (in the Sabbath year) 
let the aloe grow on the top of the roof, but you must 
I not water it. 

NiTllbN, StfrP^Tlb^ f. ch. (=h. rnb) escort, recep- 
tion on' arriving and leaving. Y. Maasr. II, 49 d other 

people ^b SWTO1B mrTHlbx rrfn (read SW ) who do 

not frequently meet with a reception (an offer of refresh- 
ments &c). Ib. '31 ninii1lb5(=bN1)who may fairly expect 
a reception. Cmp. (WI^S. 


OTO^ Ar. read STfibl*. 

&tirfilbi< B. Bath. '73 a , v. KrY^X a. t*nbt*. 

b^biS! m. (b. h.) EM, the sixth month of the Hebrew 
calendar, containing twenty nine days, varying between 
the seventh of August and the second of October. R. 
Hash. I, 1. Ib. 19 b ; a. fr. Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b bot. iJ2 
'X animals born in Elul, Targ. Y. Num. XIV, 37 blb^St. 
Targ. H Esth. Ill, 7. 

■plblba, pablbN,,, Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. VI, 9 
read 'pa'ibai*. 

"'blbjS! m . (denom. of blbx) born in EM. PI b^blbs, 
■p*b*lbiK. Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b ; a. e. 

^ba, Tfe^ba, , -j-febiba, v. ^. 

Dlbfct m. (hbtf; ybx, cmp. nbtt, abn &c.) a mucilagin- 
ous plant (cmp. Lat. Alum), prob. Silphium, a kind of 
Laserpitium or Asafostida. T'bul Yom I, 5 (Var. in Ar. 
Dib^s, mbn). Cmp. bbx. 

SSEfibltf m. ch.=next w. 2).— PI. K^Blbst. Targ. Ruth 
II, 7; T 15. 

JT^bSS! f. (b. h. Siabst; that) 1) binding, making 
sheaves. Pe'ah VI, 9 (10) 'sib . . . ntt grain stalks intended 
for binding sheaves thereof (but not for binding the 
latter into bundles of sheaves 1a>, Maim.)— [For binding 
sheaves therewith R. S.].— 2) sheaf. Ex. R. s. 31.— PL 
nixfibst. B. Mets. 22 b sq. large sheaves, opp. !YOi"0. 


jl m. (b. h.; v. nb«) oak.— PI. d^ibst. Gen. R. 
lalba 'X the bibl. allonim means b'lutin, v. trtba. 
[Ib. 'X d-Wabst read d^lbx, v. .Tjbs, Mab ; S<]. R. Hash. 23 a 
iaaia '», v. xaate; B.Bath, so^^aia 'si, v. toi?i:a. [Gen. 
R. s. 60 (play 'on hallazeh Gen. XXIV, 6) rfl 'si he is an 
oak (of fine appearance); Rashi refers to next w.] 



II m. (iXloc, ace.) another. Gen. B. s. 81 in 
Ion means in!*; Pesik. Zakh. p. 24 a "nh'K (read 
ins) another (one more). 

rPDD/lb^I (mttffc&t) (interchanging with rravh 
q. v.) f.' (B&, '*o cover, wrap, cmp. I Sam. XX, 10, a. B&6 
in H. Diet.; 3 inserted) wrapping cloth, sheet, bathing 
clothes. Sabb. 40^ 'Bilbx DIM Brpa (Ms. M. 'rtilbx, Tosef. 
ib. HI (IV), 7 nhS1*>») one may warm a sheet on the Sab- 
bath to put it on the stomach; T. Sabb. XIX, 17 a hot. 
[Gen. E. s. 80 to put on a wound, prob. next w.] — Sabb. 
147 b (Ms.M. always TfllbK, Ar. tsJlV). Men.72 a .— Y. Erub. 
VIII,25 b top.— PI. nWM?!vbxSabb.XXn,5 (147 a ). Ib.l47 h 
niBil^S yam (read fTi&OB . . ., or ni*B . . .). Tosef. ib. 
XVI (XVII), 15 ni«D3^x (Var. rvis^BAx, rrisrosb). Ib. 17 
nwasibss (Var. hlJOBS^X). 

n^taD^bSlI, corr. mMtbx (rV*13>N) f., ^B3^» m. (a 
corrupt, of ol'vavOr), olv&v&ivo;, oenanthe, oenanthinus; 
cmp. "(Tnl^X as to 3 a. b) made of the grape (or leaves) of 
wild vine (oenanthe), whence 1) an aromatic water. Y. 
Ber. VI, 10 d he who sprinkles Tfl^S oenanthe. — 2) an 
unguent. Y. ib. I, 3 a top '31 '31l!3X ^SO (corr. ace.) you 
may oint a sick person with oen. on the Sabbath. Y. Sabb. 
XIV, 14° bot. 'pftrtiS. Y. Shebi. VII, beg. "37 b 'at nasi 
■pV^Stfc . . . (read FiVl . . . .) except oen. which is only 
for children (after circumcision). — 3) a tt>M»e(vinumoenan- 
thinum), used esp. after bathing. Ab. Zar. 30 a (expl. as 
a mixture of old wine, pure water and balsam) ; Sabb. 140 a 
'B3*K ed. (Ms. M./Wfex). Hull. 6 a wine to be put "prf> 
'Stri into a mixture called aluntith; Tosef. Dem. I, 24. 
Y. Bets. I, 60 d top. 

■jwnba, v. ^k. 

VOyfcX m. (=KM* q 
"OS/fa*.' Git.'70 a i&ttnsn '« 
(poisoned) javelins. 

nTplbS, v. wwyft*. 

■' &™&ibs, v.&^x. 

^ItS m. (b. h.; t\b») prince, chief. Gen.E.s. 20 beg. 
nVlS blB iSlbfct the world's chief (4fe|)A, i. e. Adam). 

125*0!^ pr. n. pi. (b. h.) Alush, one of the stations of 
the Israelites on their journey to Kanaan. Yoma 10 a . 
Gen. E. s. 48 (play on lusJti, Gen. XVIII, 6). Y. Bets. 
II, beg. 61 a . 

STON Pesik. E. s. 22 'X Y'3, read Siistbia, v. iVd. 

StTDS f. (v. XlVx) apiece of aloe-wood. Bets. 33 b ; 
v. any*.' 

Sfflbtf, v. mty< a. wntat. 

"fclWDbM, n^DD^blS, Gen.E. s. 8 ^ 'X 
Ar., ed. "jblD 'Sst t^D3)7i . . ., Yalk. Ps. 834 f&ari>l* t>l&3h,~ 

prob. 'pDiMB^X (v. "ist a. DWj) cAie/" of the court-cere- 
monies (i. e. the angel of Truth); Eashi: seal (?). 

"P^OS (&£tt)) fir-trees. ■ Tanh. T'rum. 9 '» BiTO 
Bibl. 6'roifA means firs. 

*113^abN, "p2^I2, a corruption of ,13^3^ for 
"^"WiO m. (lavflivov, Aquila Ex. XXV,' 5) violet-colored. 
Koh! E. to I, 9 "B^X; Y. Sabb. II, 4 d (expl. bibl. i»nn as 
a color 1532 dfflb, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. ttilTfl). [Esth. E. 
to I, 6 piiB (Var. pS^B) read ']13iB3ipi]. 

"OS I, nbbj (b. h. 1^*>Bt, v. n\t<; cmp. nsn,3p3 &c.) 
to curse. Sifrl Num. 18 (ref. to Num. XVIII^ 21) rfetb 
'31 ta ytyk imUJ 'as a curse' means that people shall 
curse by her (pointing to her), 'may happen unto thee 
what happened to '. 

"OS II, S3S (=VbH, v. JtjVw) to lament, wail. Targ. 
II Sam. I, 17; a. e. 

Pa.V&X same. Targ. Jud.XI,40H!*h6 (someed.njtb^). 

"OS mourning, v. BttJ^l* and fctrnlsst. 

S^bS, S^S, v. s^K. 

DS^S read Ota^H* q. v. 

SiP >S (=^-^K=" 1 ^" : b?) according to the opinion, in 
the sense of. B.Kam. 13 a , a. fr. ysxft '» in whose sense? in 
accordance with whom? Sot. 21 a Stiroimi 'K in accord, 
with the adopted decision. Sabb. 28 b , a. v. fr. "11 'St in 
the sense, developing the opinion, of E. — . 

H" 1 -?S f. (b. h. ; ilV; v. infra) attachment, whence 1) (cmp. 
331, Stasia) tail, fat-tail. . Ab. Zar. 25 a (ref. to I Sam. IX, 
24) what means v'healeha (and that which is upon [or 
by] it)? 'XI plffi that means the leg (with thigh) and the 
fat- tail. '31 mSsni ijta and why is it called 'and that 
which is upon it'? Because the leg is near the fat-tail 
(back). Hull. 117 a ; a. fr.— 'X isba (Ar. s. v. ^3; ed. 
WJb ibVs, Mss. 8?b) towards the tail! i. e. just thereverse !, 
reverse it. Pes. 5 b ; Sabb. 93 b ; Ab. Zar. 75 a ; a. fr. [Eashi: 
tieri? " , S^>3 where are you turning to?] — 2] \ ear-lap. Keth. 5 b . 

1f"P!pS (b. h.) pr. n. m. Eliyahu, Elijah, the great 
prophet in the days of Ahah, freq. represented, in Talmud 
and Midrashim, as intervening in behalf of the pious 
and punishing wrong-doers, and expected, in the Messi- 
anic days, to clear up doubts and prepare the heavenly 
kingdom; omp. Mai. Ill, 23.— Ber. 58 a , a. fr. 'X xnx 
'31 i"I"b i»YiJt E. came and appeared to him in the dis- 
guise of &c. Gen. E. s. 33, a. fr. Slab 1131 'fct Xtlfct E., 
whose memory be blessed, came &c. B. Mets. I, 8 (37 a ), 
a. fr. 'X KiaittJ "IS H31H Km let it be deposited until E. 
shall come (and decide to whom it belongs, i. e. an in- 
definite time until the matter be cleared up). Men. 45 a ; 
a. fr.— -sim^t -no Seder Eliyahu, name of a lost Tal- 
mudic treatise, divided into Seder Eliyahu Eabba (Large) 
and S.E.Zuta (Small). Keth. 106» (of legendary origin). 

^JTbS pr. n. m. (b. h.) Elihu, one of Job's friends. 
Y. Sot. V, end, 20 d . Yalk. Job 919. B. Bath. 15 ,J . 

W^^> n -.?T^ 0>- h.) pr. n. m. Stoemt, a 
highpriest. jar. Ill, 5. 

."Jl" 1 ?!^ m - (V^i v - n ^) ^wm6, ^reai toe. Pi 
diiiibx. Pesik. E. s. 31 WW 'i.iiibx their thumbs; Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CXXXVII. 4; Talk, a! 1. 

flTblS!, WT" 1 ^, '^tf ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXIX, 
20 ; a. : e.'— GitT 69 a Xjiii^xi K1B1B (Eashi XJi^X, oorr. 
ace.) the nail of the thumb.— Pi X^i^X. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXVII, 4 pS-nssa ifr™"^ iXlb ISBp (missing in some 
ed.) the Levites cut their thumbs off with their teeth ; 
v. quot. in preced. 

TitabTba, v. r^x. 

. Wtbtf, v. irrts. 

b^bi^bw, v. ^. 

8Z]V?# f. (ibxll) wail, eulogy. Targ. Job III, 7; v. 

XffiijJiX. ' 

O^biSiH^'pbstf pr. n. pi. ('EXsodsporoXii;) Eleu- 
t.Jieropolis (Freetown), an Idumean town corresponding 
to Hori (Gen. XIV, 6). Gen. E. s. 42 (ed. corrup. 'SUBa) 
read with Ar. 1113115 'X MMX Xllp inaVi 'X ilinn tixl 
nmrt 1Mb IXSil nniX ... they selected it for their 
residence and made themselves independent. 

pi~))T?^ pr- n- Allihrok, name of an Egyptian 
eparchy or nomos, prob. Heracleotes. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 
6 ; I Chr. I, 8 (h. text. BIB), ed. Eahm. pinn^X (Var. 

. WFbX, v. Koiftjin. 

rrnb$ v. *#«. 
■jbb^ba, v . p.^. 

rP^S, lYON f, Cbxil) female waiter. Kel.XVI, 7 

'X ittJ FrWal the wailer's musical instrument. lb. XV, 6. 
— Ch. Xnibx q. v. 

Tbltf m. (V?K to roll, sec. r. of VlX; cmp, bin a. dib>5) 

1) (cacophem.)iM. Ab. Zar. IV, 3 (Talm. ed. 1"S); a.e.— 
Pi diM=X : . 'X hlias (abbr. x"S) idolatry; also tetoJ (cmp. 
SiXli). Snh. 97 b . Yoma 9 b ; a fr.— 2) off al of meat, v. bbx. 

5' 1 !pK ch. same.— PI. K*M?IS. Targ. Y. Lev. I, 2. 

1 J 1 JN| (=V*i) to ZaweM*. Targ. Is. XV, 4 (XIV, 31); 
Joel I," i'l. 

b^S Pa. of bbx. 

XT5X m. (v. preced.) spy.— PI. ^S, Targ. Gen. 
XLIL* 9; a. e. (ed. Berl. 'ibx). 

. Q" 1 ^, 1) 'X ma pr. n. pi. Beth-Elim, near Mount 
Tabor." Gen. E. s. 99 beg. Mekh. s. 5 (dinbx).— 

2) diix pi. of V;X q. v. 

1 "jitso^ 

, D^ba, v. dbx, 

D^!S, KH>« m, NH^ f. (dbx) strong, in- 
fluential; violent. Targ.Y. Gen. XXV, 23; a. e.— Git. 60 b , 
a. fr. 135 'XI bs whoever is in power wins (right of 
possession in cases in which the judge is unable to de- 
cide). Hull. 39 b xabx IBiJiK a powerful man (defying 
the law).— Keth. 14 a aria Tn\> 'X to him the positive 
assertion is the stronger argument. — PI. iai;>X Hull. 76 a 
thick (sinews). Kid. 59 a 'XI X5X3 a village community 
of violent men.— Fern. Kidd. 44 b ni3X lip 'X ia is she 
as strong, has she the same authority as her father 
has? B. Mets. 34 a 'jhianaa 'X ia is (the Boraitha) stron- 
ger (less pliable) than our Mishnah ?— Hull. 48 b XFra^sX 
the strong, thick (pin).— Pi Xriaifex. Yeh. 43 a 'X strong, 
thick combs. 

Wybtt, v. preced. 

"NQ'bKl, XD^X i) (=T» if; ib=xb not; xa 
quidem, somehow) unless, but for (followed by _ U5; cmp. 

xbabxi). Num.E. s.18, end 'SI 'aSaffl ia i« but for 

the sticky substance in the nose intercepting the evil 
smell.— 2) (=Xa->feiX if somehow) if (ruling the verb 
without mediation of a relative; cmp. xbab^X 2). lb. 'X 
'31 ntOBin if (the harsh ringing sound) should take a 
permanent hold of his ear, it would be bound up (with 
his body, sub. 13b3 as in Tanh. Hukkath 1, where our 
w. is substituted by xbab : X).— 3) v. Xa^X. 

a^blSill, 'V« Q*T?b$) m. 1) mute, v. xa^X. 
Targ.VEx. IV, 11.— *2) thick',\. difex. Hull. 76 b . 

Nffia^, STliaVX f. (dbx I) strength, force. 
Targ.Job XXX, 2U TaVg. Y. Ex. XXV, 2. Cmp. Xab ; 1X. 

JSDD/ 1 ?^ m. (dbx 3) mute. Targ. Ps. XXXVIII, 14 
Ms. (ed. XJa^X). 

XmhX, v. d^X. 

. itq^n, riTirb&t, v ; n^ ? *«. 

*O^X, D^b^ (D^b^) m., only in pi. OT^ 
pB^X &c. T (d^X,' cmp. pVx in Hebr. Diet. a. Sbl, .ySI) 
ruins, debris. Lev. E. s. 19 (referring to Amos VI, 11) 
'bx rTflia W SlOi&l pin (read Xb^dl) of what is dem- 
olished by making breaches,' there remain ruins, "pim 
'iX fffa. PA XSipS while of what is demolishedby chopp- 
ing, no ruins remain; Koh. X,18 (corr. ace); Cant. 
E. to IV, 14. Cmp. xna and b^X. 

■pE&iba, ila&'ibs, ila&'^n m . ( ^imt<5«, 

ace, fr.'.^)X,i££«>i v. Gr. Diet.) ffl luscious wine (vinum 
dulce) for which the grapes were to be dried in the sun 
! for three days, after which they were gathered and 
I trodden on the fourth during the full fervor of the mid- 
| day heat (Sm. Ant. s. v. Vinum; Columella XII, 27). 
Men. VIII, 6 pabl^X Mish. (Ar. ed. Koh. 'd"^X, Talm. 
i ed. 86^ piBO^rt,. 'bin). B. Bath. 97 b p-Jbubx Ar. (Var. 

a. ed. yiBQiWl; Ms. VtBbXbfil, ITOb^rtl; v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1.). Tosef. Men. IX, 9 (from which B. Bath. 1. c. is 
quoted) IIBB^S. 

"HS^blS; pr . n. m. Eliezer, 1) servant of Abraham. 
Gen. B. s. 44; a. fr. 2) several Tanaim: a) E. ben Hyr- 
oanns; E.b. Jacob, E. bar Zadok, disciples of B. Johanan 

b. Zaccai of the second gener. — b) E. b. Judah, E. b. 
Matathias; E. b. Hisma, of the third gener. — c) E. hak- 
Kappar, a late member of the fifth gener. 

D^blS, Y. Shebi. IV, 35° top, read b^abx. 

Hp" 1 ?!^ m. (sXtS, ace. . . xa) wind-lass for launch- 
ing ships.' X Sabb. VII, 10 c top, read: ^SSt 1&5al ]Hn 
'xb "pbam ijab he who pitches wood for vessels or ropes 
for a wind-lass. 

^I? 1 -?^' ^I?" 1 ??^ ( a disguise of difibx for the pur- 
pose of avoiding the utterance of the divine name, cmp. 
FiSbx) by God! forsooth (ironically). Pesik. Bahod. p. 
io4 a na sain tik "bx Ar. (ed. xnx i», Ms. Oxf. ipibst 
■^X) forsooth, I shall propose to her, i. e. do you believe 
I shall &c? Cant. B. to I, 4 '31 )mi ijk 'isbx forsooth 
(do you believe) I shall give &c. [V. Pesik. 1. c. note 81.] 

D^btf (b. h.) pr. n. m. Eliakim. Ab. <Zar. 58 a 
B. El.'attendant of Babba. ; '' y 

in^N' read «;■#*. 

*3?t£5' 1 ^ pr. n. m. Elisha, 1) the prophet, Ber. 10 b . 
Gen. B. s. 25; a. e. — 2) E. ben Abuyah, sumamed IfiX, 
q. v. Aboth. IV, 20. M. Kat. 20 a — 3) one E. sumamed 
di&33 bsa 'winged'. Sabb. 49 a ; 130 a . Y. Ber. II, 4 C bot. 

vstirbx % v. <w$a. 

ISri^N f. ch.=h. rv«bx wailing wot 
Targ/je'r/lX, 16 (17) ed.' Ven. fn^S, 

*KJTbltf f.=XWpbx. Gen. E. s. 15, 
p. 142 b KrViaai 'X wailing and weeping; v. xnifex. 

NtTON (^ri 1 ?^) t\*\x, fat-tail. Targ. Ex. 

XXIX,' '22; a. Z— Hull. 127 a ffffisi 11313 xnaifla 

excommunicated be Narash with its fat; skin and tail, i. e. 
all its inhabitants. 

Nrp^N or ti£f%t f. (cmp. nbx, liW &o.) 1) fig- 
tree (of a certain species). — 'X hia name of a fig species. 
Gen. E. s. 1 5, end '51 'X niS Ar. (ed. ^bx) it is called 6»-fl& 
alitha (daughter of mourning, v. X?v;bx), because it has , 
brought wailing and weeping into the world (as the fruit 
of the tree of knowledge). — 2) wood of the fig-tree, used 
as kindling wood on the altar (h. form ilfiibx). Tarn. 

II, 4 (Mish. Xtl . . ., Talm. 29 a Sin ). Yoma 24 b . Y. 

ib. II, 39 c top.— PI. rrinifex. Par. Ill, 9. 

in. PI. xrvjbx. 
I. Vien. Xll^X. 

; Pesik, Eon. 

*!!<n^JS6, ^n^ f- (pronunc. and meaning doubt- 
ful) Illitha, something supposed to render fire-proof or 
extinguish the fire. Snh. 108 b fiaiB 'XI 1HX 131 13b H3" 1 
Ar. (ed. 'SI) we have something, its name is 111. [perhaps 
to be read IhX 131 a (female) idol]; Yalk. Job 906 'b^S, 
Ms. SlSlib*]. [B. Bath. 73 a "ibx3 j-nb "^fial Ar. Var. 
s. v. Xhbx, ed. Xfflbx, Bashi Xriljbx, Ms. Oxf. ^ nisi, 
XMlbx pi. of xnbx. The use of the masc. gend. in con- 
nection with the word, makes the passage appear spu- 

Jin"i?N, pi. ninibx, v. xnibx. 

^NU^X. Dan. Ill, 12; 13. 

Nfcpbltf, Fl&OT? pr. n. m. Alaxa, Lixah, abbrev. 
of Alexander. Y. T Keth. V, beg. 29 c E. Al.— Ib. IX, 33 b . 
MS'l lb lax 'X (read X3a 'lb); Y. Shebiy VII, 38 a bot. 
'51 flbSib name of a gentile judge. 

llKON, (= IbSlb.XoSot; cmp.howev. ak\<&) l)(adv.) 

athwart, crosswise. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VIII, 5 two feet &c. 
: of a bed cut off 'X crosswise; (Kel. XVIII, 5 1031b).— 

2) "ibsbx, ch. form Xiibsbx m. diagonal line, diameter. 

B. Bath. 101 b ; Succ. 8 a !Wlbabx3 Xnax b5 a figure 

| of one square cubit has a diagonal line of l 2 /5 cubits 

(approximately). Men. 35 a ; Meg. 24 b must be square 
; ■ ) 3 , ib5bx31 paro both as to their seams (not warped) 

and as to the measure of their diagonal lines. Erub. 59 a 
: fi31b5bxi IWl fil^a Ms. K. (ed. 'X3, v. Bashi a. 1.) the 

measure of the circumference of the town plus its dia- 
\ meter. B. Bath. 99 a ittT»p llil 'Xa Xab^ll perhaps the 
j Cherubim in the Sanctuary were placed across the room ; 
I a. fr. 

| p&pb^, I'Hl'IDbpbS m. pi. (v. XMbx) Alexan- 
drians, name of a nut, prob. a species of pistachio, Ab. 
I Zar. I4 a "ptjsbs ed. (Ms. M. 'p'li&abx, Ar. ^bbax). Cmp. 

j T7?>x. 

X^Dbpb^ pr. n. m. Alexander. Y. Dem. II, 22° 
top, (an Amora of a place called Tsadoka). Cant. B. to 

IV, 12; v. 1113M>X. 

&i"l^&_pb&$, 'Ob&t pr. n. m. Alexander. 1) A. the 
Great, ynpla the Macedonian. Targ. Cant. VI, 8; Targ. 
II, Esth.I, 2.— Tarn. 31 b ; a. fr.— 2) name of a judge and 
of a robber. Y. Ber. IX, 13 b top (for HXi115b=bx ib. read 

n ~ttD&pbiS; m. 1) Alexandrian. Sifra B'hukk. chap. 

V, Lulianus'the Alex.— 2) pr.n.m. Alexandri, an Amora. 

Y. B. Hash. IV, 59° bot; a. e.— Cant. B. to IV, 2 XII 

(corr.acc.).-3)v.^b2>X.— PLd^1^b^X;fem.nis-iia&sbx. 
Men. 100 a Alexandrians. Ib. 28 b 'X riib'ls (Yalk. Ex. 369 
rYi*1... .) Alexandrian cups (lengthy and narrow). Tosef. 
Meg. Ill (II), 6 'X bl». D'TD a Synagogue built by Alex- 
andrians in Jerusalem. 

a^&pb& ttif-flD&DbN;, 'Dbsst pr ; n . P i. 

Alexandria, in Egypt. Targ." Ez. XXSy 15; a.'e.— Y. Hag. 


-Midr. Till, to 

, Targ.Num. XIII, 2 

II, 77 d ; a. fr— Kel. XV, 

Ps. XIX, a ship coming 'Sta. V. ! 

n^DbD^N; f. Alexandrian. Kel. XV, 1 'X Wfib 
Mish. ed.'(Talm. ed. SfllDtobst '0) Alexandrian ship, i. e. 
Sea ship'jwith water reservoirs. Sabb. 90 a , a. e. 'K in: Alex, 
nitron. Tosef. Nid. IV, 17 Cleopatra 'St roba (ed. Zuck. 
&•— ) Egyptian queen.— PI. ni'sllSOSbst, v. "n-O&sbst. 

55iS (sec. r. of b*iat, v. blst; cmp. to) 1) to circle. Pi. 
bb^St to go around; to espy, track. Cant. E. beg. (play on 
~m a. rtlifi) nbfcist fi'1 IhSt-thou didst search after the 
words of the Law. Pesik. E. s. 47 hafar (Job XXXIX, 
29) bbsta "jllDb has the meaning of espying (ed. incorr. 
Wi, v. ed. Friedm. p. 190 b ).— [2) to point out; 3) to tie 
around; to be strong; v. bst, "4x1, inbst, "(b^St &c, a. dbst.] 

bb&, Pa. b^bst ch 
Deriv. sHst, Stb'bsta. 

bbN! h., bbst ch. m. (b. h. bbst Job XIII, 4; v. Wx; 
cmp. bbft) soft, lax object, whence fatty substance, offal 
of meat. Targ. Job. 1. c— Hull. IX, 1 (Gem. 121 a , diff. 
of opin. as to what kind of offal is meant in the Mish., 
v. Stplla). lb. dittart 'Stfl the offal gathered (as a ball). 
Zeb. Ill, 4.— Toh. I, 4 b^bst. Meil. 7 a "31 iTQ Tfil yps 'St 
iilal, because there is no substantial value in it. Zeb. 35 a 
'SO bl^B if one had an inappropriate thought about'aiW 
of fowls (which is fit to eat). 

SK>5fc? or fcOblN m. (bbst; cmp. b. h. Tpl) treading 
the wine or olive press ; quantity put into the press at a 

time. B. Mets. 105 a 'SO Stmso Stn Ar. (ed. '1st) 

the one Rabbi treats of a place where they ordinarily 
put one khor, (measure) into the press at a time, &c. 
Esth., E. to I, 2 (referring to Esth. 1. c, and Neh. XIII, 
15 'in those days'; play on al'la a. aVlay ; v. nextw.) 'St 
'31 ^11 'wine pressing' (on Sabbath, Keh. 1. c.) and 'woe' 
(persecution as punishment) were those days marked for. 

"wlS (b. h.; v. ib&tn, W*) woe. Lev. E. s. 17, a. e.; 
v. next w. Tanh. Ahare 2, d^bst (corr. ace); ed. Bub. 3. 

(S'^JSN m. pi. (v. preced.) woe-makers, a word coined 
for playing on dibbin (Ps. LXXV, 5, a. e.). Lev. E. 

D3X (b. h.; yT>St, v. bbst) 1) [to surround] ; to connect, 
tie (cmp. Idst. 1511) ; intr. to be tied up, excluded, lone- 
ly, mute; v. dbst, '(iabstH, fiiabst, dbist— 2) to grow, be 
strong, v. dbst. Cmp. '"pabstL '[Cmp' dbst Ps. LVIII, 2, 
LXX Spa, a. v. &bh»IJ 

Dj!Sj ch"., intr. Dibit (d^bst Pa., Q">bj>) (v. preced.) 
1) to be or ^row strong, to grow. Targ. I Chr. XXII, 12 
(13) dbst (h. text ym, Var. db"»S)- Targ. O. Deut. XXXI, 
6; 7; 23 ed. Vien. 'St' (ed. Berl. '$, v. Berl. Targ. 0. II, 
p. 59).— B. Bath. 124 a ; 135 b (he left them) 'Stl Stbp^l a 
slender palm-tree and it grew thick.— 2) to tie, v. StHlbst. 
—3) to 6e mute; v. Ithp. 

Pa. d^bst 1) to be strong, v. supra.— 2) to strengthen, 
support. Targ. II Chr. XI, 17; a. e. Part. pass. f. 

1 "P** 

Stabsta resolved, insisting upon. Targ. Euth 1, 18 (h. text 
nsastna).— B. Kam. 90 a '31 pal rpiabst the Eabbis fortified 
the husband's right (gave him superior privileges). Kidd. 
43 a ninbiab SOaPbsta Stp i»lbst (Eashi niab : St) we (the 
court) give him privileges.' — 3) to overpower. Sabb. 156 b 
("PIS' 1 iT'abst his appetite overwhelmed him. 

Ithpa. dbsthst l) to make one's self strong, to summon 
strength. Targ. Job XXXVI, 19.— 2) to become mute, be 
silenced. Targ. Ps. XXXIX, 10. Targ. Koh. XII, 6. [Targ. 
Ps. XC, 10 yrafe&trra (for h. text dtta?). [Targ. Job VI, 6 
Ms. Vers, dbstn'a (?), h. text niabn!.] 

D5NI, UTtA m. (b. h.; v. dbst 1) cmp. 1231)1) mute, 
unable to speak, also ignorant. Ter. I, 6; a. fr.— Euth. 
E. to IV, 1 (ref. to almoni, Euth. 1. c.) n"la rnfi 'St he 
was unable to speak of (excluded from) the Law (ignor- 
ant).— PI. d^abst "prisst 'b^St. Snh. 71 a ; 100 a — Fem. na|st, 
'b/W. Num. E.'s. 9. Hull 79 a . Sot. 10 b "^St; a. e. 

xri?x, idm, k^Vn, aiffibis ch., same. 

Targ. T Ex.'lV, 11.— A lab^St &c. Hag; 3*; Yalk. Ex. 356; 
Deut. 440. [Hull. 76 b Statist in, v. Sta^Stll, 2.] 

NQbltf strong, v. statist. 

N£jbi< m. (cmp. b. h. Dbst, v. dbst) confirmation; 
(dial, term) consequently. Pes. 2 b '31 list 'St consequently 
or means day-light. Sabb. 151 a ; a. fr. 

NSjblS, f!J2?^ (=nob bs) why?, wherefore? Erub. 
3 a '31 last StabsTwhy didE... say&c.?— Yoma 2 b Stbiiabst 
'31 iscn why should separation not be' required &c.?; 

JIQbS m. (b. h. D^abst iss, Diaisbst <*) 1) red! coral. 
Tosef. Kel~B.Mets.HI, 13; Kel. XIII, 6; Sabb. 59 b ; T. ib. 
VI, 8 b top.— 2) pi. D">5iabst, "pMbst a species of cedar- 
tree, prob. coral-wood (v. infra as to various opinions). 
E. Hash. 23 a ; B.Bath. 80 b sq. Strips 'St almugim is coral 
(apparently a confusion of coral and coral-wood). Y. 
Keth. VII, end, 31 d enlist 'St aim. is the aloe-wood 
(agallochum); (Gen. E. s. 15 beg. Dllbst Ar., ed. Dllbst, 
Dtllbst corr. ace). Pesik. E. s. 33 (ref. to H Chr. II, 7 
a. I Kings X, 12); v. "albi. 

&Ul!Q ?K, pi. -pJlabst, Sti*5iiabst ch. same. Targ. I 
Kings X, 'if; 12. II Chr. IX, 10; il. 

TlHtNl m. (v. dbst) a cedar species, oak [or terebinth}. 
PI. Di?iabst. E. Hash. 23 a ; B. Bath. 80 b ; v. Stauto a. t»bs. 

liDvNlI m. (b. h. labst, v. dbst). [tied up, secluded; 
cmp. Targ. I Sam. XXI, V Tau for h. iJabst] widower. 
Keth. 7 b ; a. fr. 

"01!Q5!!$ m.(b.h.^3abstMMwame^, unknown, v. preced.) 
pr. n. m. 'Almoni. Euth' E. to IV, 1 '=1 'St i3b& the man's 
name was Ploni Almoni. Cmp. d^St. 

3 n 23bfc< Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. Ill, 13 read Mabst. 
*"j" l Qb!!4 m.(prob.corrupt.,for')ia''bXi[Arjv)fta»-6o»-. Y. 
Succ. II, beg. 52 d 'SO ruiroa when the ship lies in port. 

Nbab&v "^bnbS, 'b^i^xb-xa-l^x)^^ 
way not, 'if. not, but for (iisu. without verb or followed 
by -ai or -n; cmp. Xa-^XI, 1). Snh. 49 a '31 in 'X but for 
David (studying the Law), Joab could wage no war. 
Meg. 12 b '31 mux 'X but for the previous letters. Tanli. 
Hukkathl (ed.Bub.lxb dX) ; a. fr — 2) (=xi-xa-s£>iX : cmp. 
xaiixl, 2) if indeed. Meg. 24 b ili linx ''^iaix [Ms. M. - 
nnx ili xiaix) if thou wert a Levit'e. Keth. 33 b xiaix 
'31 hllSS if they had lashed Hananiah &c. Sabb. 118 b ; a. 
fr. [A differentiation of spelling which may have existed 
for the two opposite meanings of our w., is untraceable ; 
v. Lowe, Pesachim, p. 28.] Cmp. liliix. 

1^??V. (deriv. of next w.) to reduce to widowhood, 
bereave, desert. Pes. 49 a 1TO5X nx laixai will be forced 
to desert his wife (to leave his home).— Nithpa. fljaixria 
to become a widow. Y. Keth. II. beg. 26 a (Mishn.ed., a. 
Talm. Bab. nialXSro, v. iaix). 

ilDQ^K f. (b. h.; v. -,iai : X) widow. Keth. I, 1; 2, v. 
■pbllX. Kidd. 75 a n&^5> roaix the widow of one of spu- 
rious descent; v. hbiS;* Trnsf.'X nil aframeless door 
(or made of one piece). Erub. 101 a ; v. nattJa.— Denom. 

ffiJZ2!3N f. (b. h.) widowhood. B. Bath. 71, 4 'X rra 
(98 b ; Ms.'M. niiaix) a house in which to live in case 
of widowhood. Yeb. 45 a ; a. e. Y. Keth. 7, 29 d bot. iin 
irmaix nisia *<i&, v. isxil. 

rWWbN, v. m B? iixi. 

^Wb^, ] W3lbSt (read -«.« hU^wl) Helle- 
nic,in Greek. Tanh.'Tsav, 2 [a gloss] X"nixap *p»p'J* •jllis'b 
in Greek ifcaf a&'Ma (Hos. XIII, 14) means xat&jk descend; 
v. Yalk. Jer. 333. Y. Sot. 711, beg. 21 b )^1p ',lip SQ15 
"Jibs 5>ailJ heard them read the Sh'ma in Greek. 

*~ l |^3 2^.» "'J^biS f. pi. (=xpv>-b$ on the neck) poles 
used to carry burdens on the shoulder of two or more 
persons (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Falangoz, phalangce, which is 
of Semitic origin). Bets. 25 b what means 'provided no 
carrying on shoulders takes place'? Ans. ipsixa .... Ar., 
Ms. M. (ed. 'lixn) by means of alanke (phalange). lb. 
'lixx pfiiai ed. (Ms. 'i&O) to be taken out &c. (carried 
in a sedan chair through which poles are put). lb. Am. 
and Mar Zut. allowed themselves to be carried on should- 
ers of men 'jixS xis^ll tfhaiBa Ar., Ms. M. (ed. our w. 
absent/ on a Sabbath during the festive week on pha- 
langse (to the lecture room). 7. ipMia. 

&b!Sj, Pa. bix, d^ix (contr. of bsix, v. osi) to 
craunch, bite. B. Kam. 84°. Git. 70 a . 

Oj5< pr. n. m. Alas (7alens; v. bill) 1) an Amora. 
Y. Kil. I, 27 a top.— 2)(?) Snh. 64 a Sabta son of A.; v. 

&?£<, U^ pr. n. Hellas (=Grajcia Magna). [That 
Italian places are meant in quot. below, is obvious from 
Targ. Ezek.XX7II, 7, v. sriaix.] Targ. Y. I Gen. X, 4 'X 
bb1Bl(h.textameirYi (icix) Hellas andTaras (Tarentum, 

v. 6WB); Targ. Y. II ib.; Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot. bblBbix; 
Gen. e! s. 37, beg. bllBblbx, 'E)i&ix (corr. ace). [Targ. Y. 
a. Midr. reflect geograph. a.' ethnograph. conditions and 
notions of their own days.] 

*e> n bb$ b^S (b*l|Dlbl&0 [the fmalbfreq. 
read S in 'ed'., as trh'&X &c] f. (v. d^ix) pr.n. pi. Ilsis &c. 
(grottoes near Tiberias; v. Jos. B. J. II, 20, 6) ruins of 

fortified caves. Koh. E. 
top bijrtx; Gen. E. s 
bi&liix ("ix); Yalk. E: 

Tnbb« f v. rcte*. 
nwb», irsb 

to III, 9 'bis. Y. Shebi. 17, 35 c 
34 biaiiX; Euth. E. to I, 17 
ek..351 basis; cmp. XBiEfi a. 

. Kidd. 6 

1) I 

naim: a) E. b. Azariah; E.b.Arakh. of the second gener- 
ation; b) E. b. P'rata; E. of Modim, of the third gener. 
— c) E.b. Jacob; E.b. Shamua; E. b. Simon (bar Yohai); 
E. b. E. Yose the Galilean, of the fourth gener.— 3) Sev- 
eral Amoraim: a) E. b. Antigonus; E. b. E. Yannai, of 
the second gener. Y. Ber. 7, 9 b bot.; a. e. — b) E. bar 
Abina. Ib. I, 3 C bot. — c) E. Lazar or B. (in Babli E. b. 
P'dath) one of the most renowned Amoraim of the third 
gener. Erub. 65 b ; a. v. fr. 

I^ba. v. •&>*■ 

P]5i$ (b. h.) thousand. Du. d^Bix.— PI Bisix.— 'X 
d^Bix a million. Gen. E. s. 8 'X iJtt) ; a. fr.— Ex. E. s. 5 
disbx two thousand (men); a. e. 

^b^L^bi^Stf&b^ ch.same. Targ.0.Ex.XXX7III, 
25 Cjfex" : ed. Berl. (YTxsix); a. fr.— Snh. 95 b 'X in one 
thousand. Bekh. 8 b "Til 'X nxa one hundred thousand 
zuz; a. fr.— PI. 'psix, X*Six. Targ. Ex. XXX7III, 26; 
a. fr. Targ. I Sam.' XVIIl' 8 ; a. fr.— Y. Dem. 711, 26 b 

5]^ II, t]lb» (S] 1 ^) (h. d,ix, V$ to join, be 
joined) to become used; to learn, study, train one's self. — 
Cpix accustomed, used to. Targ. I Sam.X7II, 39. Targ. 0. 
Num. XXII, 30.— Targ. Deut. 7, 1 ; a. fr. (v. also fpii). 
—Cant. B. to II, 2 Spi^l -Ol 132 would you like" to 
study? B. Bath. 11 l b top !]i">ai "ES pi rvi 113 take me 
away from here, this man has no desire to learn (but 
only to argue). Taan. 4 a man is bound S"Ptt}B3 O^ai 
xmrpsa [prob. 5]">|ai, v. infra] to train himself to be 
gentle; a. fr. 

Pa. Spix, t|fex to train, teach. Targ. Ps. X7III, 35 
t)ifea (=tl^xa). Targ. Prov. XI, 25; a. fr.— Koh. to IX, 10 
thou didst emigrate d^ab for'the sake of studying, Xlrtl 
XSfexi lis but he emigrated for the sake of teaching. 
Y.' Dem. I ; 22 a top ini )b\& p xil (not 'i^X) did you not 
teach us thus? — 131 'X, v. infra. 

Af. J|iix as Pa. Lev. E. s. 30 131 lis Spiia (cpfea) 
offers arguments in my favor. 

Ithpa. S]^Xrix to exercise, practice, exert one's self. 
Targ. Is. II, 4 ; XX7I, 9. 


^"bK Alef, the first letter of the Alphabet. T. Snh. 
I, 18 a hot.; a. fr. T. Yeb. IV, 6 a Cf'bxa nai "ma xifiB b= 
xai (referring to harbah arbeh Gen. Ill, 16) the embryo 
that counts harbah -with He, (the numerical value being 
212 — days), will grow; that which counts arbeh with 
Alef (i. e. 208 days, or less than seven months) will lie 
down (die); (cmp. SlSiri for differ, versions). — B. Bath. 
168 b '=1 rVO 'X mere 'Alef Beth (arbitrary words). Gen. 
B. s. 1 lift Xlp 'XH the Alef complained —Y. Sabb. XVI, 
15 c top 1DX tY'ia 'X one of the alphabetical acrostics 
(chapters) of Lamentations.— PI. ^"Sbx. Sabb.l03 b . Ex., 
B. s. 38 ; a. e.— 'pX!*. Y. Ber. II, 4 d hot. they pronounce 
'X "paiiS Ayins like Alefs.— [Sabb. 103 b '31 "plSMO pbx S]bx 
ed: (Ms. M. omits "piXX"!) they differ as to one who wrote 
on the Sabbath two such letters as Alef, Alef (of aaz- 
zerkha Is.XLV, 5) being merely vowels ; v.^llabsa.] 

X"Sb5< 1) ch. Alfa=A\ef. Cant. B. beg. the poet 
X"!T<a '$ iias IS when writing alphabetical acrostics. 
Lam. B. introd. (B. Hama b. H.) iplOS xnbn Xflbn " ( a 
X"nia 'Xa belonging to the alphab. acrostics (in Lamen- 
tations) of three verses for each letter.; a. fr.— 2) (&Xcpa) 
Alpha, the first letter of the Greek Alphabet. Shek. 
Ill, 2. Men. VIII, 1 nbl&b 'X best quality of flour. lb. 6. 

tfSbtf, v. C|fcl. . 

Xbb^ ship, v. xs>x. 

p"H3;2S!?i>{ m. pi. (aX^afkixapiov) alphabetic acro- 
stics, 'songs' Buth B. to III, 13 (ed. yn-ji&bs*, 'pnasbx, 

bC)" l lll&?S m., pi. ITOlk same. Koh. B. to I, 13; 
v. X"Sbx" ' ' 

pnnsba, "pt^sba, T . paasbx. 

&Sb^, DSblSSS c. (=&sb q. v.) a tightly covered 
pot, stew-pot, contrad. to fHTp a boiling pot. Ned. 51 a 
a dish goes first in a pot 'ixb TTliffl Blip before it is 
put in a stew-pot for steaming. Y. Hall. I, 58 a top — 
Pes. 37 a '^X niasa stew.— Gen. B. s. 1, end W&iSl 'S3 
as a pot with its lid.— PI. T&<3b ; X. Bets. 32 a , v. mil^X. 

*yHxbN, "p^bss; m. pi. (s yr . xiobx p. s m . 155; 

212; a'n T abbrev. of fniJOsbx, v. T&sbx) a species of 
pistachio (tree or fruit). Y. Dem. II, beg. 22 b ; Y. Maasr. 
I, 48 d hot. 'xbx— Tosef. ib. I. 1 'bb^X. lb. Ill, 14 pOxbiX 
ed. Zuck. (Var. "pd^bx). 

*P^blpb^, pKblpbK Cant. B. to I, 11 "»»>» 
ln"apn bttJ inSIS 'X, a corruption; read: dbpJlX 1abtU 
&12*«-firi bffl Ihinx "ja (db^pS) ; cmp. Tanh. Mishp, 5. [The 

*D1pb&< (b.h.)a symbolized pr. n.: No-Standing. Y. 
B.Hash.I," 57 a hot. las 'X "jbal but the King (the Lord)— 
no standing (on his decrees) is with him; he desires not 
to insist upon his decrees (but permits repentance to 
set them aside). 

Bpb& Hpb^, TQpbtf , v. next w. 

■^pbSl, 'Tit f. (eXutt), sub. xXt(j.a$; v. also "<Bp>n) 
winding' staircase. Tosef. Erub. VIII, 11 (V, end) five 
compartments 'xb fnmflBrt ed. Zuck. (ed. apbx) opening 
towards a common winding staircase. Ib. lapb^na "pll&XI 
ed. Zuck. (ed. Iiapbxa, Var. lapbxiia corr. ace.) and 
are forbidden the use of &c. 

n^TDpblSl f.,' pi. Wapbx (apb, v. apb ; ^) stack of 
grain, shed for stacks in the field. [Comment, fr. aiip 
summer.] Maasr. IH, 7 the stores in 'Kill ■pa'llian (Ms. 
M. WPUpsbx) turrets and sheds in the field are exempt 
from tithes (until brought home). 

tfpbSSS, D^b^ : =xrf^, dTfbx, v. Ribx, 

D^pbN Pesik. E. s. 21, ed. Pr. p. 108 a , read Diiplbl, 

tfESpba, KaBjTO NtfljrjN » 

, (ap-few 

iaajnx," Palm. inscript.,'Zeitschr. 'der Deutsch. Morgenl. 
Ges. XVIII, 89—90; Syr. 13111*, Pers. arzabedes; v. Perl. 
Et. St. p. 105) Arkafta, a high dignitary in Persia. Targ. 
Y. Gen. XLI, 44 (ed. Vienna SBBgbjK); a. e— Shebu. 6 b 
'Spbx. Y. ib. I, 32 d bot. '3p1X.' Y. Ber. II, 5 a top Ar. 
(ed. Xda .-. ., corr. ace.).— Zeb. 96 b (prov.) ^pS TfiplX 
lib rnb vis im iia Ms. m. (ed. . . . xnii yapa xnspbx) 
the Ark. took us by the hand, and the scent came into 
the hand (undue pride of accidental acquaintances. 

"P£pbl!*, v. psbpx. 

^pb&=xaapbx. - . ' ' ' " 

^"Hlty 1 ^ t('^apia)dagofrejoicing,bofhpnYate 
and public; esp. dags of public rejoicings appointed by 
a new emperor, consisting of games, masquerades &c. 
Pesik. Sh'mini p. 193 b while the King is engaged 'SO 
'si ibtt) in his hilaria, ask of him what you need. Cant. 
B.toIV,4 'si X1">bxa -pais Vn xb (corr. ace.) (at Mount 
Sinai) they did not stand (as) in hilaria, but in awe, 
trembling &c. 

'&t"H5N a disease; prob. a corruption of X^bix 
(siXstk, ileus) iliac passion, spasm of the abdominal 
muscles connected with vomiting. Git. 70 a '8 minx awa 
Ar. (ed. X^lbl as in the sentence following). 

arfea, anbs (xsfito) i ch. (=u. ^ post, 

pole, door'-post. T Tar'g. Josh. XXIV.26 (ed. Vien.I xabiX).— 
PI. (of xnibx) xnilbx. Targ. Is. VI, 4 mib : X (ed. Vien. 
mib/X.) B. Bath. 73 Ta ' xnilbxa n^b ^Tial Eashi (ed., sing. 
Xtllbx) and we struck it with clubs ; v., however, XH^X. 
Bets. 33 b 'X 'X lb awi and gave us each several branches 
(Bashi), v., however, xnib : X. 

nifcrfipiinb^ m . (bx=b?, a.'om, v . «M?wn; cm P . 

I Chron. T XXVII, ! 25); v. "bx) comes thesaurorum, chief- 
treasurer. Midr. Till, to Ps. XV magor (his resort, stores) 
that is ibffl 'X his (the Boman Emperor's) chief treasurer 
(or plur. treasurers). 

n^ba f . 

i t f. Iltith, name of a large fish (prob. from 
its place',, v. Stttblln). Makhsh. VI, 3 (Mish. ed. ninbst). Tosef . 
Kel. B. Mets/v, 7. 

"IFi 3S (=-insrbS) o» the spot, forthwith, always with 
->. Gitt. Ill, 3 (Mish. Talm.Y. inst bs). E. Hash. 6 a ; a. 
v. fr. (in Hebr. phraseol.)'. 

Dfc$ (b. h.; omp. is a. i&t) 1) t/j wften. Mekh. Yithro, 
end nilfil fl-iliTQffl 'St b3 every I»» (If) in the Torah refers 
to voluntary actions (which you may or may not do) 
except three &c. Y. Gitt. VII, 48 d 'St lastl fia because 
he said, If (I die), i. e. conditional divorce. Succ. 53 a 
•jSt3 iSSt 'X when I am here; a. fr.— 2) whether. Yoma 

III, 1; a. fr.— 'X . . . 'St whether . . . or. Y. Pes. VI, beg. 
33 a '31 riDS 'X. whether or not the Passover ceremonies 
supersede the Sabbath; a. fr. [lb. nbmn ffli t)St read IttJ&St 
'=1 ffli, as before.]— ' ( 3 dSt (abbrev. 3"St) iftfws 6e SO. Ber. 
I, 1 ; a. fr. — 'g dSt Stlbst (abbr. 3"stst) o?% wAe« indeed, 
not until, unless. Keth. 76 a ; a. fr. 

D£$ f. (b. h.; dast, Has, j/BSt; to press, embrace, 
join, support, lead; v. yam, last, past &c; cmp. ast) 
1) mother, treq.=my mother. Sabb. 134 a ; a. fr. — Y. M. 
Kat. Ill, beg. 81 c ifiSt ph mSh left his mother's lap 
(Palestine).— Num. E. s. 10 (ref. to immo Prov. XXXI, 1) 
'=1 rmnn ... IT last 'his mother' that means the Law 
which trained Solomon and which is called a mother of 
those studying it, as you read (Prov. II, 3 ; text dSt is 
readdstem). — 2) womb, mouth of 'the womb. Hull. Ill, 2 (54 a ) 
'31 dstln FtbB'O if the mouth of the womb is absent, 
cut out. Bekh. IV, 4 (28 b ).— Trnsf. legitimate existence, 
authority. Succ. 6 b , a. fr. rYYi&ab 'st ©i the traditional 
Scripture text (letters without vowels) is authoritative 
in Biblical interpretation, opp. St^pab 'St UT the tradit- 
ional reading (vowels) must guide us, e. g. 33)13 (Ex. 
XXIII, 19) may be read abha as the traditional vocal- 
ization, or abna in the fat of.— PL ninast, nin^st. Kidd. 

IV, 4 her genealogy must be traced back 'St $!3^St to the 
mothers of four generations (on each side) which is eight 
mothers. Y. Snh.II, 20 b hot. they are not Stbst ninast 
niftBiSt maid-servants but mothers (of the nation). — 
Trnsf. .d^bsa bffi 'St seed-onions. Peah III, 4. Erub. 29 a ; 
a. e.— Ch. StB^St. [Koh. E. to XII, 7 '^231 'St, v. DBS.] 

&%2&f, v. SHf St. 

itf ?2!St cubit, v. stfiBSt. 

#12#I, 5<D^ f.=h. iiast. Targ. 0. Deut, XXIII, 18; 

v. stnast.' 

SSDNjII, " l I3N, fut. SKa-fl imper. Staist ( -j/dSt fejoiM, 
v. last) io say, speak, think. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXIII, 10.— 
Ereq. in Talmud.— Sta-fl ib^SSt even if you will say, i. e. 
it may come right even if you assume that &c. Succ. 
13 b ; a. fr.— Sta^b i», starjCa), or Sta^b must it be said, 
does it mean to say? lb.; a. fr.— staTi ^31 (istl) and if 
you should object. lb.; a. fr.— sta^St Stbst but rather say, 
i. e. the correct version is. lb.; a. fr.— StB 1 * SWSt now 
read the second clause, i.e. how will you understand &c? 

Ber. 21 h ;— Sta^St I might think. lb.;— OTS Hlrl 
I might have thought, I might have been led to believe. 
Erub. 74 b 'St Wfl ^Sta what might I have been led to 
believe?; a. fr. — niflTO Stal let him express his opinion 
in agreement with his authority, i. e. why does he , not 
say so expressly? Taan.3 a ;' — Pes.7 b StaiJ iS^rl what 
else should he say? blab sta^i should he use the ex- 
pression lamol?— Gitt. 47 b , a. fr. Wait Y'D it may occur 
to you to think; v. StiW. Yoma 85 b mfl drift istlft 1st 
Wast had I been there, I should have said. — Wastp= 
Wast Stp I say, speak of, v. Stp. Gitt. 47 b ; a. fr. 

OWa&f, OKEPN pr.n. pi. ('B|i|«.ao6«, 'Aftptao-k, 
hellenized form of fta'n, nnan) Emmaus, Ammaus, a 
town in the plain of Jud«a (or Philisfaea), renowned, 
in Talmudic days, for its warm springs and luxurious 
life. Koh. E. to VII, 7, a. e. [lb. 11 OWSt prob. Distal.] 
Cmp. ni&ai-i. [Other forms: &ista5>, Cas, distast, d'isias. 
For other places by that name, v. Neub. Geogr. p. 100.] 

"WKlJS (=ista b?=nBbst) wherefore! why? stb 'it why 
not? Sabb. 48 a . Erub. 70 a ; a. v. fr. ' 

"]^J3J^ (=■;»» b?) fo wAoot?, v. "St and "|Sta. 

H^D^, Nft'lilDK m. (Pers. anbuh, Perl. Et. St. 
p. 18; cmp., however, bs stiaa Ezek. XXXIII, 31) crowd, 
escort. Yoma 87 a ; Snh. 7 h . Succ. 55 a . 

51'ilKlK m.,pl. fbiaast (=^35^; aiS) little grape, i.e. 
efapper in the bell. Y. Sabb.VI,'beg. 7 d ^biaast )Th nfflS 
(corr. ace.) he put clappers in. V. biaJSt. 

*^1DQ5<, Lev. E. s. 5 dntn 'St bS Ar. (ed. by 
cler. error Wsb^St) read fcWaast towers, battlements; v. 

■jibpn^a^, libpniansi m. NnjyiiaDS f. 

(ijxjBouplxXov, imburuclum, corrupt, of involucrum, D. 
C. s. v.) wrapper, cover, bundle. Y. B. Mets. IV, beg. 9 e 

'St3 'p ... st fpbfian Ar. (read y\ ; ed. 'pbp'nast 

"jlbpl^aasta, corr. ace.) if one exchanges one bundle for 
another; cmp. ^la^S ibid.— PI. nist'np'liaJSt. B- Kam. 114 b 
ed. (Ar. tllstlpaist, Ms. M. '13.1st, V.' Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 

Jiasugx, ^zm f. ( v. , 

w.) bottom. Gen. I 

n ft2DN, "'EfiX-f. ( l/"aa, v. Staast; a inserted) bath- 
tub, bathing reservoir. Ned. IV, 4 (Var. Sfa . . .). Hag. 
I5 a 'ast Ar. (ed. 'aast); a. fr.— PI ni*B3ast, nistaaast 
(niSOtnaSt). Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 a .-Bab. ib. 40 a '">BaaSt '(Ar. 
Pflsttsast); Tosef. ib. Ill (IV), 3 ed. Zuck. hist-oast (Var. 
nistuaast) baths in large cities with ambulatories (v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Baths). [Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d pS3 bffl 'St (?), 
prob. a corruption.] Cmp. naail. 

CT-QD!^ m. (avaparr)<;, contr. apfiarqc,) prop. 
rider, traveller on horseback &c; hence (sub. Iian) an 
ass used for marching through the desert alongside of 


(and sometimes tied to) the camel. Y. Sabb. V, 7 b top 
'X ma what is an ambates? pis lan the ass of the 
traveller (from Egypt to Asia). Y. Kel. VIII, 31 c bisnax, 
&anax (oorr. ace). V. SipW^. 

JSTllta^pS f. (deriv.of ibaax) water of the bath-tub, 
waste of the bath-tub. Y. Sabb. VIII, ll c (15) Mai "|!-in 
'31 'X he who washes (his anus) in &c, is liable to a dis- 
ease of the rectum. 

" &TP3Q2K, read bvvea!* m. (I|xi:opo;) fire-scathed. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. XXII, v. WJa^. 

S^Q/DK m. (cmp. XI^S; 'a inserted) crop, store. 
Keth. 105 a smelt at (was an expert of) Xlam 'X (Bashi, 
pi.) wine stores.— PL ■nans*. Gitt. 56 a '31 'X imnb Itt&p 
set fire to all those stores of wheat and barley. 

.) nut. Sabb. 109 b 'xa 
empty stomach. Men. 
a. e.— PL i.llaas. Hull. 

SjliiaN m. (=X115X, ■ 
'31 xa"ix from eating a n 
35 a 'X "Q in the shape of 
59 a . B. Mets. 60 a . 

^tt315Q^ m. (h. ttJiia) magus, magian, a Persian 
priest and interpreter of dreams ; magician, sorcerer. 
Targ. Y. I Ex. VII, 15; VIII, 16.— B. Beth. 58 a . Yoma 
35 a (Hull. 62 b ) 'X miS Parvah is the name of a Persian 
magus after whom the cell in the Temple was named. — 
Sabb. 75 a bxiaffil 31 'X Var. (read XCTfflaax).— PI. *n!iiaax. 
Snh. 98 a 'X "&aa ilW i^M IS when ' (in Israel) the 
haughty shall cease to exist, the magians (among the 
Persians) shall cease. 

^EJIilDIS m. (v. preced.) a follower of magianism, 
believer in sorcery. M. Kat. 18 a . 

fisFllLlilQsS f. (deriv. of preced. ws.) magianism, ma- 
gian practices. Sabb. 75 a ixiaffil ai 'X Ms. M. (ed. XMBISa, 
Var. XUJISaX) as to magianism Bab and Samuel differ, 
one declaring it to be sorcery, the other — blasphemy. 

nTTP'JhGI^ referring to (the blood) which made 
him a proselyte (circumcision). Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a top 
'X xbx 'pin xil his visions as to bloodshed had refer- 
ence only to that (blood) which made him &c; v. "V&. 

[uis (|/ia; v. 11a) to form, an approximate estimate, 
to guess; to appraise, judge, deliver an expert's opinion. 
Erub. 58 b '31 ilaix he forms an approximate estimate of 
the height of the hill, and passes on. Snh. 78 b inilax 
nn^ai they (the experts) declared his injuries to be 
fatal; (Y. ib. IX, 27 a bot., also la») difti 'X the 
opinion was that he would recover; a. fr.— Hull. 51 a 
!lU3Bi max the animal before taking a leap measures 
its strength. 

Hif. I^axn same. Gen. B. s. 64 MrYiK Wastf-ilB they 
had (the field, — as to how much it would 
yield). V. law. 

"!D5S« ch. same. Bekh. 61 a *pniax *5ftb I guessed this 
was thy intention. Keth. 68 a hWvoKI xn in the one 
case it means that we have formed an opinion about 
him (know whether he is stingy or liberal). — Part. pass. 

lias. Arakh. 20 a ^Xpl 'X xn he sta 
has been valued before this. — Hence l^ax beluved to be 
wealthy. B. Kam. 62 a 'X ffl^S. Keth. 85 b 'X xbl m, XiSI^ 
I know he is not rich. B. Bath. 8 b .— Ib. 52 a X1i»X QX^ 
~b if you believe her to be wealthy. V. XSIalX. 

*tfb"raa, xbvm m. (=«*« *», -n *-, >&-, 

cmp. rT$1) watchman's lodge on top of trees. Sabb. 155 a 
'1*1 Sail Ar., Ms. M. (ed. xblal) ladder for climbing up 
to the lodge. 

"'SOIGi^ a word in a charm formula. Sabb.67 a Ms. 
M. a. Ar. (ed. ^xilax). 

riHil^^'fla ->X or from Daromah. Y. Hor. Ill, 

<TE)i$ f. (b. h.; Das, v. tax) 1) fore-ar 
i2 b ; Ex. B. s. i mi -mx in nnax the word nnax (E? 


II, 5)— one says it means ffl 
it means nriaX, her maid-se 
trod. (E. JoVh.' 2) "tal 'X 
v. 'baa; Koh. B. to XII, 7 b 
up to the axilla, arm-pit, nai 

t, her 

., the other says 
(v. nax).— Lam. B. in- 
m (direction-post) &c; 
ttin (nia) nsx the arm 
opening in 


door; v. however, infra, 4). — 2) cubit, a measure equal 
to the distance from the elbow to the tip of the middle- 
finger. Keth. 5 b ; Men. ll a 'X It this one (the middle- 
fin ger) is used for defining the cubit measure. Kel . XVII, 1 
'31 pan riasthe standard cubit of the Temple proportions 
was six, that of the vessels five hand-breadths. Sabb. 3l a 
■pan 'X the builder's cubit (instrument). — 'X is 'x square- 
cubit. Yoma 31 a ; a. e — Zeb. 62 b nallS 'X (nailS); Y. 
Yoma IV, 41 c bot. mia5 a reduced cubit; v. bIS; also 
called mass nttifi} na 'X a cubit of six hand-breadths 
pressed together (sorrowing), opp. to fllpnH!) (najtB na) 'X 
a cubit of six wide-spread (laughing) hand-breadths. 
Erub. 3 b . Y. Shek.VI, end, 50 b .— Gen.E. s. 31 ypiSn ('X) 
Theban (Egypt.) cubit (?). B. Bath. 99 b 'pniffln n"a nax 
land for digging a dyke of one cubit's width; h^a 'X 
•pbipn (Var. ybp, yiV*) land for a creek or pond for 
watering cattle and washing clothes, of one cubit's width. 
—3) (=5>asx) membrum virile. Sabb. 108 b . Nid. 13 a sq. 
B. Kam. 19\ — 4) prop, river-arm, hence canal, dyke, 
sewer. Peahll, 2 d^an nax. — Yoma V, 6 ^aiSha lixi lix 
'S3 the blood of both was mixed in the sewer; Tarn. 
Ill, 6; B.Mets. 33 a ; Y. Hor. HI, 48 b top TlttM! (fff2) nax 
a sewer in the Temple called the duct of the arm-pit 
(from its shape; v. Grsetz Monatsschr. 1880, p. 289; 
[emendation n^tt) unnecessary] ; v. supra.— Pl.nftXcubits. 
Kel. XVII, 10; a. fr. 

nZDi^ f. (b. h. ; v. tax ; cmp. preced.) hand-maid. Sot, 
12 b , v^ preced.; a. e.—Pl. ninax. Y. Snh.. II, 20 b bot.; v. 

XTpX, tfnatf, #rtnm ch. same. Targ. Job 
XXXI, 13~ Targ. Gen. XVI, 1; a. fr.— Y. M. Kat. Ill, 81 d . 
—Meg. 18 a ; a. fr.— Erub. 53 b .— PI xrnaX; 'jiiax. Targ. 
Gen. XX, 17 ; a. fr. 

TH2# l ch.=next w. Targ. O. Ex. XXI, 7 a, e. 
(Concrete: servant.); cmp. VPX. 


n'("t!Q!^ f. (Hax) servitude of a maid, servile con- 
dition. Mekh. Mishp., sect. 3 'X "inx lBVTp the father's 
privilege of giving away his daughter in marriage is 
valid even after having hired, her out as a servant. 

anros, aw™, v. x*ax. 

Sri(172^, pi. of snax. 

* n ^llQ^, with -Q m. diver. K. Hash. 23 a ; B. Bath. 
74 b Ms. a. Ar. (ed. ^TOX IS). 

"pTQ^ Y. Snh. IX, 27 a , read 'p'TOMt, pi. of 1a!)X. 

D'liaS, DIEP&f m. (=bixax, denom. of dx) motfeZ, 
/cm, shoe-maker's last, &c. Kel. XXVI, 4; XXIII, 1.— 
lb. XVI, 7 '3T iVnS *J!i) 'Xil the block of the cap-makers; 
'=1 ^li5iS> ^ffl of dressmakers. Sabb. 141 b Ms. M. (ed. &WX, 
corr. ace); a. fr. 

V]Q&$ 1 m. (b. h. ; pX) artist; (homilet.) a)="|?ix, tutor ; 
b)=" 1 iai< nursed (well-covered) ; guarded; c)=next w., 
metropolis, (great). Gen. B. s. 1. 

liQXlI pr. n. pi. 1) (b. h. 'X Xli) No-Amon (Thebes) 
in Egypt. Gen. R. s. 1 (=Alexandria, the metropolis). — 
[*2) A., near Tyre. Y. Dem. II, 22 d top; Tosef. Shebi. 
IV, 9 pas.] 

n^Hfc?. f. (b. h. ; lax) firmness, faith, honesty, surety. 
B. Bath. X,'g, a. e. IrT&rt i^aX to »*) at the time he ex- 
tended the loan, he did so not, because he was relying 
on his (the friend's) surety. lb. '=1 'X hs pl» for in this 
case he did &c. Ab. Zar. 55 a «raaX : fix lasts 13X shall 
we abandon our honesty? Hull. 133 b &*YOa '« ^X Sama- 
ritans are (usually) not trusted. Tam. 28 a rVVTii 'X- scru- 
pulous honesty. V. fliax. 

*D1DN '!>* 1B3, y. Sot. vii, 2i c bot., v. wax. 

^"HlGsS m. (lax) 1) speaker, lecturer, interpreter; 
esp. Amora, one who, in lengthy popular discourses, ex- 
pounds what the lecturer (Tanna, v. XSPi) says before 
him in brief and in a low voice; often called )WSnq. 
Ex. R. s. 8, end '31 'XiYl .... 1B111r11» &12» as the lect- 
urer sits . . . and the Amora speaks in his presence.— 
Snh. 7 b 'xa rrfcs dip stand by him as an expounder. 
Taan. 8 a , a. fr. U}"iTl rrts 'X . . . . d^plX S. . . . placed 
an Amora by his side and lectured. Sot. 40 a "iaxi 
XaSQ *rn fTi^iax and his Amora gave a different reason. 
Hull. 15 a do people listen to the Tanna? W2 's6 they 
listen to the Amora. — 2) in a particular sense fcVjiaX, 
Amora (Amoralm), that class of Talmudic authorities 
who lived after the final redaction of the Mishnah, and 
whose discussions on the opinions of the Tannaim or 
authors of the Mishnah and Boraitha, are deposited in 
the Quemara, thus adding a second element to the dev- 
elopment of the oral law, called Talmud .—PI. "p-riax. 
Y. Ber. I, 2 C top, a. e. 'X iin two Amoraim differ, for 
which Babli usually: . . . xa^XI W3 "Wiax two Amoras 
differ in their relation (or conception) of the opinion 
of . . . Shebu. 40 b ; a. fr. 

nSsniQsS m . (=preced.) teacher. Targ. Job III, 17. 
—PL VWyiaX. Targ. Y. I, Num. XXI, 29. 


Jl&Cp'DH ch. (=h. *Sm) Emorite. Targ. G, 
16; a. fr.— K!eth. 112 a 'X Si.— PI. Wlax. Targ. Ex. III. 
8; a. fr.' — 'x pn& the chapter treating of idolatrous prac- 
tices (v. "niax). Sabb. 67 a , (v. Tosef. Sabb. ch. VII, sq.). 

•ww *» -a, v. W1 ax. 

"•niHX m. (b. h.) Emorite; Emorean. Gen. B. s. 41 
none among the nations are 'Xa hfflp more obstinate 
than the Em.— Trnsf. Emorean, superstitious, heathen- 
like, 'xn "On superstitious practices. Sabb. 67 a , a. fr. 
'Xn iD-n dlffia ia "pX is not to be looked upon (not for- 
bidden) as an imitation of &c. ; 'Xrt ^Sl WWa la ffli it 
is forbidden because it has the appearance of super- 
stitious practices. 

fcTHIDN m. (Ila, nai) exchange. Esth. E. to I, 
l b , M^^ax li'a his hostages; v. XS^3ilX for corr. vers. 

D n ni2^, v. di-iwx. 

1I3HS (abbrev. of next w.) on account of, for the 
sake of. Ber. 56 a bot. '=T Xlll 'X for the sake of thy zuz 
(which has been refused, v. Ms. M. in Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 
shall the wardrobe of the king go to ruin? Lev. B. s. 27 
'3 XTOa 'X for the sake of the tender cattle.— "dM 'X, 
lanb 'X therefore. Naz.25 a . B. Kam. 71 ab (Ms. H. iiaax 
■nil); a. fr. V. 1HX. 

^DQ^ (^laa bs ; \m, bbu) for the protection of, 
whence (=h. 1?a, Wsa) for the sake of, on account of&c. 
Targ. Y. Lev. IX, 7 ; a. fr. V. *Hlt)a and preced. w. 

StfrffiT^QS^preced., only with suffix of personal 
pronoun. Targ. Y. Lev. IX, 7 ?|Hj . . . .=h. "psa. Targ. 
Job I, 10 SYirfs . . . around him (protecting him). Targ. 
Ps. VII, 8 xnrfsaax for her sake; a. e.— Keth. 67 b 
rTVfcttaax for his sake. 

■^HS, v. Wax. 

SSSTlDQi* f - fl 310 Af.)6afawces, seafes. Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 82 aT ; v. SMTpSt." 

blTO!*, TlbDJia?, v. '^aax. 
mSBX, v. ana™. 
^ v. xax. 
U^DS; Af. of Ma. 

■paw v. ^^hs. 

i't'b'Ca'S^ Tosef. Maasr. Ill, 6 ed. Zuck'., v. X^aari. 

xmn$ xrmm, arrow f. &«*, a»; 

l^dX, DS, v. Sax; cmp. xaaiini) darkness, dense cloud, 
mist. Targ. Deut. IV, .11. Targ., II Chr. VI, 1, ed. Beck. 
'39; a. e.— Gen. R. s. 44 (transl. fiat*). 

p'D^^^, ]lDTm m. (afifavtoc, auiavxov) 
atniant, a variety of asbestos from which the reputed 
asbestos linen was spun, which was cleansed by being 
thrown into the fire. Cant. E. to IV, 11 ; Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 92 a . [Deut. B. s. 7, end plrtSX; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
XXIII, 2 'j'ra'Wl; Talk. Deut. 850 •pu^ax; corr. ace.]— 
Deriv. "jiBS^afi, read 'jBS'^Bin he who cleanses the amianf. 
Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top. 

. WT^S Snh. 44 a Ar., v. Xrl^a. 
TftM^ v. li-^ax. 

"TOtf, "l^Q^ (part. pass, of lax) fo^e?, proclaimed, 
commanded. Targ. Mic. V, 1. Targ. Mai. I, 6; a. fr. 

nn^S^I f. (laXI) 1) speaking, speech. Gen. B. s. 5, 
beg. "11311 X^> 'X xb ho (power of) speech or word; a. fr.— 
'X Xrt this is speech, i. e. this is right. Y. Snh. IV, 22 b top ; 
VI, beg. 23 b . T. B. Kam. IX, beg. 6 d (contracted) 'Xn 
same.— 2) the word amar (lax) in the Scripture text. Y. 
Snh. VII, 25 b bot. '31 'X "|X3 laX3 here amar is used &c; as 
well as amar here indicates that the word is considered 
a deed&c; a. e. — 3) dedication (cmp. d^WX. Kidd. I, 6 
'31 Snl53& irniax dedication to the Lord (by word of 
mouth)is equal to what deliveryis in private transactions. 
—PI. nwos mostly in the sense of 2). Num. E. s. 14, end 
d^TPSl 'X texts in which amar and tsivvah 

fTP/D^II f. (v. preced. 3); cmp. Ps.IV, 5 ; XCVI, 10 ; 
Is. Ill, 10)' 1) proclamation, receiving homage. Ex. E. 
s. 29 when a human king '31 'xb X3£li comes forth for a 
reception of homage, he comes forth singly (not with 
his army). — 2) distinction, ornament. Yalk. Ex. 244, v. 

UtrPElSS, i<rP!2ri f. (dax, dan) ammi, Bishop's 

«pee(?(v.L6wPflzn.p.260;Eashi=Xfi5"'amMQ. Tosef.Sabb. j 

XIV (XV), 13 'X (Var. In). Sabb. 128 a ; 140 a , v. X^3. ; 

Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12, Var. (ed, Zuck. XBian). *' \ 

TTOa, v. nss. 

^QN m. (nax) true, truthful. Y. Ber. VII, ll c . 
Gen. R. s. 70 do ye not admit 'X SpSC that Jacob was 
truthful? lb. s. 78. [In later Hebrew: real.] 

JjDsS Af. of tjla or tea. 

*TfiDZ22$ Koh. E. to VI, 1 '=1 'X nrs IS prob. to 
be read '31 msip3>a nn IX flW3a nh IX either one bites 
him (v. fl35) or one stings him — what benefit has he (the 
keeper of the obnoxious beasts) of them? 

■pjibas, v. r?^. 
bbiqa or bbna, v . w 

^baN;, v. txeb&n, 

tfybn^, ^"Vun't (|xsXa8poM) main-beam of 
the ceiling, ceiling; beam projecting outside the house, 
cornice. Brub. 3 a (differ, opinions as to the meaning of 

our w.).—Pl. hiaopftax, nix"irf:a. Erub. 1. c. 'X. Midd. 
Ill, 7 'a. 

D/QN, UU2 (b. h. daS; j^dX, DS to be pressed, 
dark; cmp. dX; dan a. deriv.; v. xnB">aX) to grow dim, 
(in b. h. also to obscure, excel; v. infra). Sabb. 77 b -; 
Ber. 53 b ; Pes. 75 b niaaix d^n.1 (or niaaW) dying coals 
(question as to spelling decided in favor of S by refer- 
ence to Ezek. XXXI, 8 'the cedars did not obscure him, 
i. e. excel his beauty). 

*|D5$ (b. h.; l/dX, v. dX; cmp. riHX) to arrange in 
lines, array. Ukts. II, 5 nuts 'Saxa which one arranged 
(Var. Ar. "paniS which one piled)!— Denom. ^alX expert, 
skilful, whence 

Pi. "jax, "a^X to make skilful, to train. Sabb. 103 a 
Vn nx IBXa he trains his hand (piacticing). V. next w. 

lQS^I (j/dx, v. dX; cmp. preced.) to be strong, en- 
during; (act. v. lax to support, v. II Kings XVIII, 16 
ni3ax).— Pt.* ( B"W, , )HK to support; confirm, verify, 
approve. Tosef. Ter. I, 4 it is not the minor that made 
it T'rumah mnx •jBiJtffi rax X^X Var. (ed. Zuck. ycixr) 
but his father who confirmed his act (=ib. T Vs diip) ; 
Y. ib. 40 b mi b'-J 'x. ib. c top faxa. 

Nif. 'faxi (b. h.) 1) part, 'jaxi m., H3aX.3 f. approved, trust- 
worthy, reliable. PeahVIII,2 '31 *» d^aXi (the poor) may 
be relied upon concerning garnered fruit &c, i.e. if they 
declare the fruits to be the poor man's share, they are 
exempt from tithes. Keth. I, 6 H3aX3 her statement is 
acted upon as true. Ab. Zar. 16 b 'pin "fc> '3 my judge is 
a reliable witness concerning me, i.e. I appeal to thy own 
judgment that I.could not have engaged in such follies.— 
Dem. II, 2 if one resolves '3 niVli to be one of the reliable 
(conscientious in giving tithes) ; a. fr. — 2) to be confirmed. 
Y. Sot. II, 18 b top diiann ttax;; " ( ax Amen means, May 
the words (of the oath) be fulfilled. 

Eif. 'paxn (b. h.) to declare trustworthy, to trust, be- 
lieve in. Dem.' VII, 1 13iaxa 131X Xlrtl but he (the invited 
guest) trusts himnotin tithe affairs. Ib.3; — Ab. Zar. 
16 b "pS>3> i3Fl3axni Wtlrl ed.Pes.,EnYak.(v.Eabb.D.S.a.l. 
note; ed. ^FiiaXri Sof; since thou didst declare me a reli- 
able witness unto thyself (appealing to my judgment), v. 
supra; [Ms. M. ^bs naaxn thou reliedst on me]. Ch., 
v. ■ja-ft 

"jQfrJlI m. (b. h.; v. preced.) firm, straight, whence 
1) Amen!, true! so may it be! Shebu. 36 a '31 TO13B 13 'X 
in Amen is implied an oath, a promise, and a prayer 
for fulfillment. Ab. Zar.65 a ; a. fr.— 2) fern., the response 
Amen. Ber. 47 a HSIon 'x an Amen hastily pronounced 
('men) ; hSlBp 'X an Amen cut short (awe-) ; naW 'X an 
orphan Amen, the responder not having heard the bene- 
diction to which the Amen refers; Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 27. 

n3Q5< f.(b.h.; v.preced.) 1) faith, trust. B.Bath. 48 b ; 
"K.etti. \ft h " ii -witnesses say Wtt^ "W '^. oxot steteiaiexvt 
(over our signatures as to having seen the loan^handed 
over) was a matter of trust (that the negotiation- would 
be consummated afterwards). Ib. 'X 1BU1 a bill of 

indebtedness signed on trust (that the loan would be 
consummated subsequently). B. Mets. 63 a hl"P&3 'S 
advanced payment at present prices for future delivery; 
finals 'X with the option of paying the difference. Gen. 
E. s. 100 end, 'S lai» to deal in good faith with. Tosef. 
B.Bath. V, 8 rVfrah njas honesty in measures. B.Mets.49 a 
'it "Hblha (the way of) those lacking honesty (unfair deal- 
ing); Bekh.l3 b 'S "ibiha; a. ft.— 2) faith in Providence. 
Mekh. B'shall. s. 6, v. hiash. Sot. 48 b 'S iffiJS men of 
faith, trusting in God; ib. 'S i5Bp wanting in faith; Gen. 
E. s. 32 'X l&ina same; a. fr. Cmp. (Was, hiash. 

(132X11 pr. n. 1) (b. h.) Amanah, Abanah (Banas), 
a river crossing the city of Damascus. Targ. II Kings 
V, 12.— 2) hi*S, bisas (bias), ^ias Amanah, hellenized 
Amanos, Amanon &c. (Banias), a mountain range form- 
ing the northern limits of the Holy Land. Tosef. Ter. 
II, 12 bisas (Var. yam, ypab). lb. Hall. II, u 6W 
(Var. -psas). Git. 8 a yi...(Ar. tnv&, d^ad); Y. Hall. IV, 
60 a bot. bias (ref. to hias Cant. IV, 8). Shebi. VI, 1 ; 
Hall. IV, 8 (Ms. M. la...); Ex. E. s. 23. V. &YT11B. 

ftoa, Ol'MSt, v. preced. 

XfVUlQit Y.. Keth. IV, 28 d top, v. SMDalS. 

DJDstf, v. hjaSII. 

*^TaaiDas, tfaaisaa, saais^ p eS ik. 

B'shall. p. 86 b , Yalk. Sam. 152, corrupt, of SBaisrrabS, 

or safei-iabs q. v. 

^TOTD)*, m^EOS, Pirke d'Eabbi Eliez. 
ch. XLII 'X msibn Ar. (in ed. our w. omitted); read 
ri'PJ'weB'iK (denom.of 'i^pSX q.v.) glass-windoivs. 

TrcmBJoa, v. -ria^totj. 

*^"11SH!!<, p-li&DN m. pi. (IjMropoi) travelers, 
traders. Targ. Y. I Gen. XXV, 3 (a gloss to preceding 
■pari; Targ. Y. II inserts pais for W&®\; h. text 
bi-illBS). Ib. XLVI, 23 (h. text biffin). [Gen. E. s. 61, 
quoting Targ. Gen. XXV, 3, reads 'p&'lb!] 

'8^50^, **£W» '^' 'iW l & of 
Ijj/tciXiov, impilia) (pair of) felt-shoes, in gen. shoes, socks. 
Kel.XXVII,6. Yeb.XII, 1. Ib.l02 b Ha *>Ti5'S cloth-shoes; 
■"TO- itt) 'S leather-covered shoes; a. fr.— Pi hisbiMS, 
'P83S, hi^aas, T^SfiS jJOtrs o/"<fec. Sabb. 120 a ; Y. ib. 
XVI, 15 dT/ K TrtU two'pairs &c. Gen.E. s. 61. Yeb. 102 b . 

^^bisna, ^sds, ibi&raf. ( bs ; ; omp . 

"^pais as to form) the merchant's money-chest into tvhich 
receipts are dropped through a slit. Shebu. VII, 6 (45 a ) 
lisas Mish. Nap. (Ar. 'l&aS, ed. 'SIS; Y. '5S; v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 10). Tosef. Maas. Sh. IV, 11 ed. Zuck. 
"IWW (ed. ^pilS, ■pblpSW). Ib. Shebu. VI, 4 ^3ilK ed. 
Zuck. (corr. ace; oth. ed. S^BilS). Cmp. V^ttS. 

"1 TuIDQkN m. (imperator) commander, Roman 
Emperor. Lam. E. to I, 5 'S -^an 13.13 Ar. (ed. S3131 
Tffi&SS inSa, v. "V%) be saluted, my lord, the Emperor. 
Tanh. Mikkets, 9 TiBTlSaS, IIB^iSalS (corr. ace.) 

Y Q£$ (b. h. ; |/bS, cmp. bas, ]>ah) to press, harden, 
■J?n ixais hard-hearted. Tosef. Sot. XIV, 7; v. infra. 

Pi. j'HS, ^ais 1) to »nafee strong, to strengthen. Y. 
Taan. Ill, 66 d all shall be ~\ro )^Sma strengthening' 
thy power (assist thee). Snh. 44 b '31 iaSS> ^asa who con- 
centrates his energies for prayer.— 2) to press, close; to 
make impervious. Sot. 47 b 3^h isaxa those who close 
their.hearts, the hard-hearted ; v. supra. [Sabb. XXIII, 5 
nan ns "p^asa Y. ed. (Mish. 'aSa, Bab. I5i b passs, 
Ms. M. 'aSa) to close the eyes of a deceased person. 
Tosef. ib. XVH (XVIII), 19 ys'A ed. Zuck. (Var. yasi). 
Sabb. 77 b '31 faasa is psasa is m'dmm'tsin (I. c.) spelt 
with S or with X? Answer by ref. to bXtS Is. XXXIII, 
15(!).] V. SSalS. 

Hithpa. fasnh to fee closed. Tosef. 1. c. nisasna 
"jhi;>isa they will be closed of themselves. 

SS3N m. (v. Ssa; /ya; cmp. b. h. Th.n, ^R, bi33h) 
[^iwj' /» a press], whence' — 'S3 in the centre, between 
two extremes. Y. Hag. II, 77 a bot. 'S3 "j^m he must 
walk between the extremes. B. Mets. 70 b 'S3 ilbih H; 
Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 a top 'S3 '•Mil 53SS the hand [finger] of 
the gentile is between, i.e. he has a share in it; a. ft. — 
2) common fund, estate. B.Bath.X, 7 'ab "ibffih the profit 
belongs to the common fund. Ib. IX, 3 'sb muffin they 
improved for the common- fund, i. e. the profit must be 
equally divided. Ib. 144 b 'Sn ya from the estate; a. fr. 
Cmp.Ssa, 'jlje^a.— [Also in Ch. Targ. Job II,- 8 (Ms. 52a) 
Targ. Y.' II, Num. XXII, 24 'S3 between.'] 

ni3?SDN f. (v. preced.) centre. Y. Snh. I, 18 a bot. 
nms>2aS3 b''a the Mem is in the middle of the alphabet. 

"S'lQ^ m., T^VIW, i. (preced.) central, middle. ~- 
Erub. V,' 2 'sn the intermediate village, opp. tmSTl; 
a. ft. — Shebi. Ill, 4 hi . . . Sn the central part of the 
field, lying in the middle. Kil. IV, 8 ; a. fr.— Pi b^SSas, 
l^SSaK m.; hiiSSaS f. Y. Peah II, 17 a top; a. e.— Y. 
Ber.II, 4 d bot. 'Sh (sub. m3"i3) the intermediate (central) 
sections of the benedictions (between the first three and 
the last three). Kil. V, 2 'Sh the central garden beds; 
a. fr. 

mm m., N£T5Sn» same, also as a noun. 
Y. B. Kani. IV, 4 b top' i' was present 'S3l .... SWO 
at the discussion on the first, the last, and of the inter- 
mediate clause (or case). Ber. 3 a ; a. e. 

"lO^I (b. h.; ]/bS, v. bS; cmp. Ian, laS) (a) to 
join, knot; to be hnotted,thich ; b)to heap up; c) transf. to 
join words, compose, cmp. "131; d) to contract, bargain, 
exchange. [As to Assyr. to see, cmp. sah.]) 1) to speak, 
think, say, relate &c. . . . '1 'S . . . "n 'S Eabbi .... related 
in the name of E. . . . Ber. 3 b ; a. v. fr.— Part. pass. "TO!* 
expression. Yoma 70 b , a. fr. '31 'sh Slh it is the same 

e ram') used here and in the . Book of 
Numbers. Sifre Deut. s. 334, a. fr. Sinsa lia8 say from 
now, i. e. from this draw the conclusion. Gen. E. s. 39 
'31 rr-raTO lajtfi (usu. ia8n 8BiU) will you say (is it 
possible), this castle has no commander?— tPim !"ia3 
Q11108 (abbr. X"13) in what case are these words said? 
i. e. this applies only. Hull. 3 a ; a. fr. — niol8 (181 this 
tells, i. e. this proves. Ber. ll l> ; a. fr.— 11»8 it is said, 
told &c; v. next w.— Inf. 1aft=1a8>. Hag. T 14 b ; a. fr.— 
2) to vow, devote. (filSSV)' llax devoted to the Lord. 
Succ. 55 b ; v. rrmtf, 3, a. dillaiX. 

Nif. lax'3 (b.h.) to be said, to read... "firb '31 ..."|83 '83 
we read here .... and we read there . . . (the same ex- 
pression is used here and there in the Scriptural text). 
Ber. 9 a ; a. v. fr— 1a8SlB (abbr. 'SIB, '83B) for it is said 
in the Scriptures (as evidence in favor of an opinion). 
Snh. X, 1; a. v. fr.; also '3IU fia3 (133) as it is said.— 
'3!B dlffia because it is said in the Scriptures, i. e. you 
may possibly be misled by a certain expression to think . . . ., 
therefore another term is used in its stead in an anal- 
ogous case, or added to the ambiguous word; v. dllU. 

""IQN>, ~\U# ch. .1) as preced. 1). Targ. Gen. I, 3; a. 
v. fr. — la '8 above you quoted an authority, or, it has 
been stated. Ber. 2 a ; a. fr.— 81p '8 the Scripture says. 

lb. 13 a ; a. fr.— Y. Orl. Ill, end, 63 b , a. fr btt» ri31138 

(in Bab. heb. filial*) they said it in behalf of . . . i. e. 
as a tradition.— Y. ' Ber. I, 2 d S"lla8 mrf>ia his word 
(statement, opinion &c.) proves. — SllaX Xli1=mal8 081; 
v. preced.— ilax (h. -11a8) they say, it is said. Sabb. 19 a 

'=1 rib iia8i . .' . is lAi flax it is told about R , 

and another relation refers this to R. — ; a. fr. — 1B8p, 
ila8p&c.=1BX8p&c. Hull. 85 a ;— 81am 83a whence 
dost thou- prove? Sabb. 23 a ; a. ix.—Inf. laTa, 8laia. 
'a 126, 'ai 13& originally he was of the opinion. 'Y. 
Sabb. VI, 8 C top; Keth. 87 b ; a. v. fr.— Nltfva!? does this 

mean t o say ? Sabb . 1 5 b ; a. f r 1=38 ... 8^>8 "pa8 8^ this 

has been said, i. e. this applies only to a case .... but 
if ... . Ber. 43 b ; a. fr. — laite as if saying, meaning to 
say, viz; v. 1^3.— Y. Kil. IV,' 32 c bot. '31 i33*> 'pliaT* 
say ye to &c— la^ai fa" 1 !* "Wo, v. 8318; Answ. 1iai8 
say .... Sabb. 6 a ; a. fr.— Hor. 13 a hblS '8 who orders 
every thing (as an etymol. of 5»3la8).— 2) to praise, 
proclaim. Targ. Is. VIII, 13; a. fr.— Part. pass. Iiax 
q. v. 

Ithpe. 1axn8, contr. lanx, 'FP8 it is said, taught. 
Targ. Job XXXIV, 31.— Y.' Yoma V, end, 43 a nia8r.8, 
contr. Pilaws it has been said with refer, to the opinion 

of —'PS, W» it has been said (above); we have 

been taught. Succ. 15 a ; a. fr. 

Ithpa. 1K8r,8 same. Targ. Gen. XXII, 14; a. e. 

"int*II (b. h.; 1/Di 

a) to be thick, 

Eif. i^axn l) to thrive; to boast, vaunt, be oppressive 
(cmp. Ps. XCIV, 4). Sot. IX, 15 (49 b ) l-votf? IpV the 
nobility shall be oppressive (Snh. 97 a fflS'' ; Der. Er. Zut. X 
nW; Cant. R. to II, 13 him).— *[2) (denom. of 8">la to 

fatten. Sabb. XXIV, 3 (155 b ) Bab. fl^asa, Ms.Oxf., Mish. 
a. Y. diiaa, 'paa, v. ">ia.] 

~ID5^, v. la^x a. nia8. 
"1735* lamb > v - " 1 ^- 

rHDfcf f. (b. h. ; lax) speech. * Gen. B. s. 42 play on 
Amrapliel, fi^ttH '8 (quot. in Ar. s. v. "USD!*) obscure 
speech (ed. '88 iniiax nrHTO).— PZ.niiax, constr. niiax. 
Pesik. Parah, p. 30 b (promises); Tanh/llukk. 4. Pesik. 
E. s. 14. 

^HDltf Af. of iia. 

n1 "lDH, v. 8i1la8 a. 8SH318. 

*bi3Tg«, bsTga ('my, m y. Dial, ^ia, M»ia 

m. (=teVa; fr. -|ba'; 1 'for b for euphony) counsellor, 
officer &c. Targ. Is. XXII, 23 (h. text ini, LXX fip- 
)£OVTa). Targ. Y. Num. I, 6 sq. (corresponding to UJ81 
28 M3, 8HU3, l^pS &c; 0. ib. Ill, 32 8^3138); a. fr.— 
Esp. Amarkal, one of the seven Temple trustees super- 
intending the cashiers. Tosef. Shek. II, 15 (etymol. b'S la 
b=n mastering all, v. la; cmp. Hor. 13 a &6l3 108). Y. 
ib. V, 49 a ; a. fr.— PI (h.) Ditela8, "p!?31aX (ch.) X^31a8, 
•pVi3lB8 &c. Targ. II Kings XXII, 4 (h. text tpn ilattJ); 
a. fr.— Shek. V, 2. Tosef. 1. c; Y. 1. c. (=dHipS II Chr. 
XXXI, 13); a. e. V. ",ba a. deriv. 

■Nb-IEN, v. *VraK. 

bD"1D^ (b. h.) pr. n. m. Amraphel, 

King of Shin'ar 

'©D5< m. (b. h.; ]/d8; cmp. 8hB"<aX) 1) tivilight, 
evening,' nightfall. Pesik. Vayhi.p. 63 b ; Pesik. R. s. 17 
PilSh 1S(1) '8a from nightfall to midnight.— 2) (adv.) 
this evening, last night. Meg. 3 a , a. e. '31 dri>Bi3 '8 this 
evening you neglected the evening offering. — Snh. 40 b 
151S1 '8 last night he killed him. B. Mets. 60 a Biiaa! 
'8 iffl dregs of last night (yesterday), opp. to dlVl; a. fr. 

ilDN! f. (b. h.;=MB8; ^8) truth, faith, reality. Y. 
Snh. XI, 30 c top '8 dhb bread of truth, unfeigned hospi- 
tality. Gen. E. s. 96 '8 blB ISM true (unseMsh) charity. 
Y. Meg. I, 70 a top min bl25 RFpB83 as the Law itself, i.e. 
as though the Scroll of Esther were the Pentateuch, Y. 
Shebu. VI, 37 a top di131 ill) "|fi">a8 the truth of &c. 
Num. B. s. 12 '31 hUh bffl '8 the truth of the Law is 
a weapon (of protection) to its owner. — 11a8 '83 in fact 
they said that &c. Sabb. I, 3; a. fr.— B. Mets. 60 a , a. e. 
I* 1 !"! nsbn 11B8 '83 SO wherever an opinion is introduced 
with the words 'In fact they said' it means to say that 
it is an established legal rule. Y. Sabb. I, 3 b bot., a. e. 
'31 '83 131B1B a"3 wherever the Mishnah says, 'In fact', 
it indicates a rule dating from Moses on Sinai, i. e. an 
ancient tradition; v. Frank. Darke p. 286.— '811 indeed? 
Tanh. Noah, 10 (ed. Bub. 15, corr. ace); v. &1-J318. 

iClH^ f. ch.=h. na8. 1) cubit. Targ. Ex. XXV, 10; 
a. fr.— Y. Sot. VIII, 22 c bot. 8MB18 '8 a cubit has six 


hand-breadths; a. fr. — 2) membrum virile. M. Kat. 17 a 
rfflBX!* rrplo stung him on v his membrum.— 3) trnsf. 
enclosure; protection (cmp. nain). awil 'X enclosure 
of the millstones, mill. Ber. w\—Pl. "p53X (fr. MSSt). Targ. 
Ezek. XL, 5 ; a. fr. KWTaN. Hull. 59 b '« Sffln nine cubits. 

StfrOstf hand-maid, v. xriax. 

ninQ5< f. pi. tte use of the word -ttfflK. Ber. 31 b ffliB 
'« three times -nax (I Sam. 1,11; Ms. M. ninax). 

S5riDi$ (Y. &6na) m. (cmp. h. bttia) something 
tangible (='ffiaa ia IMS lai); plausible reason for cor- 
recting or retracting an evidence. Keth. 22 a 'V. nsh3 dK 
'31 if she offers a reasonable explanation of her contra- 
dictory statements, her second one is accepted. Gitt. IX, 9 
'X dffl Nili fc6a) laiai provided no reasonable explanation 
is offered to show how the report may have arisen by 
mistake; a. fr. V. J&na. 

"sOnQiS pr. n. f. Amathlai, legendary name of 
Abraham's mother (ibJIS fa 'X), and of Haman's mother 

(xrvaTis na '«). b. Bath. 9i a . 

"jnD^ m. (denom. of nail* ; i absorbed by preceding X ; 
cmp. next w.) one who rules through fear, tyrannical. 
PI. "pihast. Der. Br. II, beg.; cmp. E. Hash. 17 a . V. )fpi$. 

"jilQiS f. ch. (v. preced.) fear-inspiring, powerful. 
Dan. VII, 7 (quot. Gen. E. s. 44 'Efitt; Ex. E. s. 25 tthaiN; 
Lev. E. s. 13 'a-W a. 'atf; Yalk. Gen. 77; Lev. 536 'ax). 
[Ges. H. Diet. iSfiatf, not found in editions, fr. ina to be 
strong; cmp., however, inax a. fnaiNj [Edit. Letteris, 
Berl. 5644 a. m., iStiaiX.] 

if, v. V*. 
(t>. h.) wA<?r, 

'fib whither. Ab. Ill, 1 

IN, jN ch. same; (interrog.) where? Targ. Gen. 
IV, 9 T ; a. ~e.— Y. Yoma VIII, 44 d bot. ffift ",a ',» (read 
. . "JN IjQ) wherefrom this? i. e. where is your authority? 
Y. Yeb. XII, 12 d bot. -pb 1&6 S56 )f\n of what use is this 
old man to thee?; a. e.— (relat.) where, wherever. Lev. 
E. s. 27 beg. '31. aifii ns 'X (Yalk. Ps. 727 )ft) wherever 
thou givest, thou givest abundantly. 

fcOJtf (b. h.) oh! I pray. Succ. Ill, 9. Yoma VI, 2. 

&C!S<, emph. X33X ch.=h. iJX, I. X3jtf Kfi contr. XJisn. 
TargTd! Gen.XXII,Y;— Hull.2 b '31 'X as to myself &c. 
Y. Taan. IV, 68 d bot. '31 tpbffla X33X1 that I myself should 
surrender the country.— PI. )il< we. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XLIII, 8; a. e— Ber. 49 1 ' 'X iffO let us see; a. fr.— xaTOiK, 
'Mm. Targ. 0, Gen. 1. c. ; a. fr — 

N3SSI, i) v. sm- *2)=x;x )& if I. 

^33^! I=KaittI J fruit, produce. Dan. IV, 9.— Targ. 
Job XXXI, 12;'a. e. 

fc^SSSlI, xa?^ f. (=saa^S) [berries], eggs of lice, 
nits. Naz. 39 a . Taan. 22 1 ' '3X ■»= mb ilfina Ar. (Ms. M. 

'^X is iffiai, ed. xa^K ittlho) looked as small as &c. ; 

JS58, S*B^, p£^, NJ3MK m. (v. K UU; 
whence 8|a°lxo?, SjxjBi^, ambiga) a small cup; a measure 
containing one fourth of a Log. B. Bath. 58 b on the 
gates of ... it is written, '31 pB3£t J,a3X (Ms. differ, order) 
Anbag, Anpak a. Antal (as the same measures). Kid. 70 a 
KSSiS la ina^ will you take a cup (of wine &c.)? [Popular 
pronunciation: anpak.] Sabb. 109 b XpSIX; a.e. 

biSJNl m. (=^ajis, v. Vfiast) clapper of a bell.— PI. 
d^iaiX,' f .... Zeb. 88 b Ar. (ed. •pbaj'TS). Tosef.Kel. B. 
Mets.1, 13 diVraJKh fb hffis) ed.Zuck.(readBiVl33&t afii.. .) 
if he put clappers in. lb. p^asx (corr. ace). 

m'fcnjriia^^.y. -^^m. 

" , TQtl2^ f. (aa3;=b.h. n&xa) observatory, watch-tower, 
battlement. PI. nixaaax. Ex. B, s. 12 the hailstones 
formed 'N '» lines of battlements; (Midr. Till, to Ps. 
lxxviii bnia). V. xiaiaax. 

"liSjlS m. pi. (v. preced.) platforms or elevations 
erected for public spectacles. Yalk. Esth. 1058 all the 
people shall go out 'X 'f^lfb (read 'X "iflifb; Lev. E. s. 28, 
end iDIS )lfb, corr. ace.) to the spectacular elevations, 
for a Jew (Mordecai) is to be hanged. V. X":iaax. 

btua, v. wa?«. 

yWtk, v. Tttss. 

m&npMs, v. r^rm- ■ 

&1BM8, v. &WMI*. 

*OTD' 1 Ji^ Yalk. Ps. 794; &iadi:,iX Gen. E. s. 12, 'X 
rei-iaa (Ar. egtoDGSX) read lia&ii:;, ('a5X) m. (quaestor, 
xuat'cTcup) qucestor provincialis, assistant of the consul. 
1^123 fcOa ... 'X (read fib®) the quaestor in the province 
is appointed over its roads, v. Stja. 

pi^m v. *rmm 

O^'D'^ltf Y. Ter. VIII, 46 c top, read DiaittilX. 

™I"1I3D" 1 <WN read ^ad^MXm. (6vu)(i<j'nf]p=ovo^iaT^- 
piov) knife or scissors for cutting nails. Tosef. Kel. B. 
Mets. Ill, 12 (ed. Zuck. -lUfcrflSK corr. ace). Nid. 17 a 
ila&US; M. Kat. 18 a XTJ&13J (Ms. M. ila&ISS, v. Ar. s. v. 

" 1 b33!^, ^b33S m. pi. (&fi&koi, v. Perles Et. St. 
p. 113) messengers, angels. Targ. Job XV, 15; a. e. 

"pbJOtf, v. t^;s. 

S^"1^3^ (read »^ims<?) pr. n. pi. Ancyra, a city of 
Galatia T "in Asia Minor. B. Mets. 46 b 651MS1 !Spxn& "13^1 
Ms. M. (ed. sm^aii Sp3X, Var. Xp^3, 6tp" , ';iK; v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note, Ar. Compl. ed. Koh. s.' v.' S'nsas) the 
Bithynian and the Ancyrean Denars, one of which was 

repealed by the central Government, the other by the 
local authority. V. Xp^JOiX. [Ancyra prob. . of Semitic 
origin, v. XII^D a. XliifX.] ' 

rat) commissioner or superintendent of forced public 
labor; v. Xi"i53X. Pesik. B'shall. 92 b 'X iJahx (for Var. 
v. Bub., note) was appointed angareutes. 

"wiaraa, rwnm '»«, Gen.E.s. 64 

'X "f=h1, prob. to be read X^asx 11 . . ., as in Esth. E. 
introd. [B. Bath. 8 a ; Ned. 62 b " aisia'nt*.] 

sS" J»jjN f. (aYyopEi'a, angaria) forced labor, service, 
esp. seizure for public services or works. Y. Ber. I, 2 d 
bot. '31 'X3 rviXrVK I was pressed into service to carry 
myrtles &c. B. Mets. VI, 3 (78 a ) 'X rTOSJ (the ass) was 
seized for public service. lb. 78 b hlTin 'JO in the case 
that the animal pressed into service is sent back again. 
Lev. B. s. 12 NM-ilaa 'X ywatt} they heard that seiz- 
ure for public service was to take place in the coun- 
try. Esth. E. introd. 'X It "[bfn halakh (Ezra IV, 13) 
means angaria (v. X^ailSSX). Snh. 101 b ; a. iv.—Pl. 
nii-lSlX. Lev. B. s. 23 'XI .... fSM -,™» S"2X though 
annonse and angaries are collected from them. Yalk. 
Esth. 1051 b^BM ;n» 'X levies of women (for the king).— 
Trnsf. 'SO as a forced labor, reluctantly. Midr, Till. Ps. 
CXII.— Pesik. E. s. 21 B-nSDSO Sj&B (corr. ace.) not as a 
forced labor. 

WnX2X, Cntta v. preced. . 


Dl'DlMS corrupt, of 0iai3iisx. 

■nroiiax, v. m*. 

" I )5&' 1 ' : J^ m. pi. (a Babylonian adoption of ecdicus, 
v. Dip-nix," 6lpi13X) syndics, state-officials. B. Bath. 55 a 
'31 'X imbsx ^3X Ar. (ed. omit lHlbsx) but if the syn- 
dics exempted him from taxes, it is like a divine grant. 

S©"^^ m., MS^X f., v. next w. 

-*W3«, t>^N m. pi. (b. h. riOTM; tpj or t)M) 
foc^s or ringlets falling from the temples. Sabb. VIII, 4 
'X rVHBSfc ins enough toilet material to make side curls 
(Mish. Pes. iB^fflX, Nap. "<S-JiX, Talm. "tilx). lb. 80 b i«a 
'X ">xai ;n3JO wliat locks are meant by kilkul, and what 
by andife'i Answ. the upper and the lower &c. lb. "i lax 
'=1 ns^x iax 'i "iai pnsi Ms. M. (ed. ... "i lax x'bx 
XS^iXX . . . lax) B. Isaac of the school of ... . (in recit- 
ing that Mishnah) used the word andifah (in the sing.) 
upon which B. . . . asked 'Will a person waste his 
money' (i. e. of what use is the material for one curl so 
as to make a person guilty of a transgression when car- 
rying it on the Sabbath)? lb. XtnSx XS^liX ">Xa by andifa 
(in the sing.) is meant the lock on the forehead. lb. 
'31 hifiiWJO ITWta Ms. M. (ed. incorr. i&">1S50) it stung 
him on his forehead and he died. {Rashi :=i'ST 1 "l !] '" 

blp^K, Dj^JN m., a popular corrupt, of ecdicus, 

v. SlpilSx'a. ipD^JX." 

*&lp 1 H' 1 13S m. pi. Esth. B. to I, 12, a corruption; 
according to the sense it may have been 'ppilXap 
(xataSixoi) convicts. 

**nroi38, nfonax, i-istr™, a corrup- 
tion of Xap^ilX or XOpiWilx f. (vindicta, Gr. form 
(BivSixxa, outvStxxa) manumission of a slave by declar- 
ation before court (v. Sm. Ant. s. vv. Manumissio and 
Pileus). Gitt. 20 a but does not go free MSPS Y'Sffi ansa 
'XI (ought to have read 'XI lrt&*ttS, v. infra) by referring 
to his wearing a freedman's cap or to a vindicta; Y. 
ib.IV, 45 d trWa pTSISTl nS35 (read SttapilJilSI) ; Treat. 
Abadim ch. Ill (ed. Kirchh.) XBplDSXS. XXV (corr. ace). 
[Commentators to Gitt. 1. c, misled by '31 V'Sffl 2n33, 
guess at embroideries &c. V. Bevue des Etudes Juives 
1883, Nr. 13, p. 150.] 

WUN Ab. Zar. 29 a , some ed.; v. X515X. 

^"Wltf, 'K IS pr. n. m. Bar Andrai (Andrew). 
Y. Keth." IX, 33 a top 'X 15.1 f^X those of the family of 
B. A. (who were very rich). V. h>, 115X. 

D 1J A Vn J£S m. (avopo-yovot) hermaphrodite. Bice. 
I, 5; a. fr. 

^t^TTl^, read BiaJX^X. 

*^ 1 Dlalbl"nJS (read XiOa^TTOX), .^BaWl^X 
f. (popular pronunc. of avSpoX?)[j,i{/ia=avSpoXif)^ia; cmp. 
yt\\>.ty\c, for X?j<Jnc) seizure of men, a Greek right of 
reprisals (v. Sm. Ant. s. v.), in gen. punishment of men 
regardless of guilt or innocence. Gen. B. s. 26 fifcO 'X 
'31 an androlepsia comes which Mils the good and the 
bad; Lev. B. s. 23; Num. R. s. 9; Y. Sot. I, 17 a top.— 
Num. B. s. 5 in case of a rebellion 'X Ira IBIS the king 
orders an androlepsia. [Gen. B. s. 32 Xi&iaVm ; Pesik. 
Vayhi, p. 67 a ; Tanh. Bo, 4; Pesik. B. s. 17 niXibaTTJ, 
nr&a-lTl, 'biiain (corr. ace); cmp. Pesik. B. suppl., ed. 
Fr. p. 197 a ] 

Wbv™ Yeb. 115 b , read •«*« ^ W as 
Asheri Gitt. ch. IV, to p. 34 b . 

TOnbiTiax, ^oim"n:», v. x^a^r,™. 
awtros. v. ,™. 

^EMtTOH, DWTT73X f.(Av8p«mTi«)&«n- 
queting hall, royal reception hall'. Gen, B. s. 8 biasiilix 
nrnx JifflW TJX Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. Va-reiX; corr. ace.) I 
shall make it into (use the vacant ground for the erec- 
tion of) a banqueting hall. [The context forbids the 
identification of our w. with & 

. oTp^in^s; v. -Qi^x. 

StftZTfTll?^ m. (a. contract, of £v8pi(£t,— &VT04) statue, 
also portable bust, image. Targ. Esth. Ill, 2 — 5 (some 


ed. pi., incorr.). E. Hash. 24 b a synagogue 'X fia laipisn 
Ms. M. (ed. 'X fia filfi) in which they placed a bust (of 
a Persian king). Snh. 62 b ; a. ir.—Pl. iBlMS, ^a"J^S. 
Ab. Zar. 40 b dTsSa att) 'St royal (imperial) busts. M.Kat. 
25 b 'X as llpsns Ms. M. (ed. IS'VSphK) all royal statues 
were overthrown. Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 42 c top. [Gen. B. s. 8 
pa-™^, v. b^si-ftja.] 

pDmDiS f., Tosef. Kel. B. Mets.IV, 8, prob. iB'lBi'hist 
(6oovi:(DT7j, sub. £6sTpa) a teethed strigil; cmp. Kel. 
XIV, 3 s-mra. 

Oia3^3Nm.(4v«p,4 4 -ivioO»«<rf««,v.W37!». 
Ex. B. s. 27 X^DJXIIIJX ail) ... . naS3 (read fiaaM 
'X affi 111 -pna) it escaped into the hand of a (royal) 
statue; (v. ibid. -|aa affi p3lp^K ai> fiaffii). Tanh. P'kude, 
4 OlMl'm* (corr. ace); Ex. E. s. 51. [Gen. E. s. 8 
•pB-fW!*, v. b^W^X; v. Ar. s. v. biam-fll*.] 

^"^Xpr.n.m. ('AvSplas) Andray. Y. Meg.IV,75 b ; 

DT3^3», v. Dl3^7]»l e, 
OWni^, v. twists, a. 
Dlta^mJK,- v. avsyft*. 

(VDM2Tim Ar., v. SWOiamii*. 

^taSTtttS, ^STWSS! m. (prob. Pers.) Indrafta, 
name of "two species of birds, one called Shabur And., 
and permitted, the other Perm And., and forbidden. 
Hull. 62 b . 

rua, v. m 

^"liri^ f. (Inf. Af. of 1fi3 used as a verbal noun) 
lighting, 'illumination. Targ. Ex. XXXV, 14; a. e. 

^V t ■ - f ' same ) also enlightenment. Targ. Num. 
IV, 16. Targ. Y. Gen. II, 7. 

W8 pi. of. V*. 

?p^ (Coptic anokh) I. Pesik. E. s. 21 ; Yalk. Ex. 286 
(in Egyptian) 'X ^m Anokhi is Anokh. Esth. E. to I, 22 
-pni pffia (corr. ace). 

V^aiDa, fbaiax, v . r v^«. 

IIDN, pi. of iittw. 

-ctJliN, nJlJiS f. (annona) prop, annual produce, 
hence ration, or portions of provision granted to court- 
iers as salaries or pensions. Gen. B. s. 47 the king 
'X lb fiasa raised an atmona in his behalf, i. e. granted 
him a pension. lb. s. 87 "jiffi 'X HSrVin iJ8 Ar. (ed. fibSIS) 
I shall cut down (reduce) thy pension; a. fr. — PL frisiSX, 
rYMiSK. Ex. E. s. 41 hi313X (corr. ace). Lev. B. s. 23 
n"P331X pa53 (corr. ace) annonse are collected from them, 
lb, s. 10 d^isx Ar. (ed. biisx annonas, ace pi., incorr. 
ed. bl3i3X). [Cant. E. to 1,7 read bMBX.] Cmp. pS-lX, StaiS^K. 

D^13K, rPTDN, 03"D«, v. preced. 

«bi3N (nwtk) Nb^a m . (uto «o/e«« ««», 

oppressor. Targ. Koh. VII, 7 (h. text pttjiS). — PJ. pbi3X, 
X*bi3X ( /- <3X). Targ. Jer. VI, 6 ed. Ven. I "flK (ed. Vien. 
pWixj oth. ed. "UK). Targ. Is. XXI, 2; V, 7, a. e. 

"'pUltf, read ipi3X, v. Xp T 3_3X. 

tZJiDS m. (b. h.; v.ffi3-W) [being], man.— PI. (of ffiix) 
d^ffiSX, const. iffiSX. Ex. B. s. 25; a. fr. — nailSfi nb33 'X 
(abbr. VTDX) the Men of the Great Assembly, Synagoga 
Magna, a religious and judicial authority said to have 
been established by Ezra. Aboth I, 1; a. fr.; cmp. fib33. 
— (flips Ftta 'X the division on duty of priests having 
charge of the services of the day ; "raffia 'X the division 
of priests alternately on duty during one week ; ^a»a 'X 
the division (of Israelites) assisting the priests on duty, 
by prayers &c. on the platform (laSa) and divided in 
parties corresponding to the priestly divisions. Taan. 

II, 6 

i. fr. 

CD&J. m. (b. h.; v. preced. a. ffiix) strong, severe, 
overwhelming. Num. B. s. 7 (ref. to Is. XVII, 11) 'X 
las. pffia anush has the meaning of strong; Lev. B. s. 18* 

SJ^Wi^ m - (P n ) injury, loss. Targ. Esth. VII, 4 
the adversary is (of) no value or gain Xaaa"! .'xa against 
the King's loss. [Levy Targ. Diet, reads XpWX expense(?), 
v. XpppX.] 

TO!S (b. h.; cmp. p3X) to press. Eithpa. n|Str#T. to sigh. 
Ber. 59 a , v. next w. Yalk. Ex. 391 '51 ITOS as fiSXpa 
is anxious for the honor of the Lord &c. 

TOStf ch., Peil rp3X, Ithpa. fi!68r« same. Targ. 
Lam. I,' 4; 11.— Targ. Is. XXIV, 7; a.' e. Contr. fiSW*. 
Targ. 0. Ex. II, 23 late ed.— Ithpe. fisrpx, 'px. Ber. 58 b . 
lb. 59 a fiJfia tllSpX Ms. M. (ed. fiSXpa fifOX) he sighs.— 
Pesik. E. s. 18, end; Pesik. Haom. p. 72 a fiittia ^Iffi he 
began to sigh. 

/"Il"l3!^ f. (b. h.; preced.) sigh, grief. Ber. 38 b ; a. e. 

(Jtri ; ir!l3^If.(inj,!-ifi3)%er. Targ. Y. Ex. XVI, 13; 14. 

mraa, nrpiru (Ktriruaii, wmi) t. 

(v, preced.) tray, board'. Nidd. 7 a '3X (Ar. a. T'bul Yom 
IV, 2 '3). Gitt. 62 a ; Tosef. Kel. B. Mete. VI, 7 XtTlfi3X. 

WffiN, WmK pi. of X3X, ijk. 

^n^$ f - ( m > ° m p- N ™ h ?^) res t- '« n>, a »•«»< /<>*■ 

beams. Targ. I Kings VI, 4. 

KinnD^ f. pi. (ran) sighs. Targ. Lam. I, 22. 

^b">5t:3K, '5< D^S pr. n. Beth AnVbila, name of a 
Jerusalem 'family. Y. Peah VIII, 21 a hot. Tosef. Peah 

IV, ii Kasas ed.Zuck., ^Vaiass &c. (Var. xbaas, XBah). 



pSllSD^, "Q'Wfi m. (ivtipiov, Arab, hindeb, 
prob. fr. S13 to flow] 'curl, cmp. iBi^fct) endive. Y. Kil. 
I, 27 a top 'pSIBJK (corr. ace). Pes. '39 a iSIJin (Bashi 

131*3111, Ms. isian). 

Wt^!*, v. next w. 

■Oim&i, 'Qi' v B3« m. (v. nextw.) ^nfioeAuin, ««- 
<i»c of A'ntiochia, resident of A. Gitt. 44 b '1B3K; Tosef. 
Ab. Zar. Ill (IV), 18; Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a top "11B3N.— P/. 
cb. iS3*ia!X. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 18 (ed. ii03B3X, »1S1B3» 
corr. ace; h. text "nun). 

pr. n.' ('Avxio^sta') 1)' Antioch, surnamed Epidaplmes, 
the capital of Syria founded by Seleucus Nicator, sit- 
uated on the Orontes. Targ. Y. Num. XIII, 21 ; a. e. 
(Hamath in Bible).— Keth. 67 a . Gitt.44 b ;— Y.Shek. 
VI, 50 a bot. '» bffl 1^ Daphne near Ant.; Lev. B. s. 19 
WO . . .—2) the country or district of Ant, Antiochene. 
Y. Dem. II, 22 d top; Y. Nidd. Ill, 48 a bot.; a. e.; v. nVin, 

xnbin a. nart. 

p1B3«, v. T^m- 

^fttt!* pr. n. 
24 d bot. ' 

birbiajN, ■ 

. (AvatoXtoi) 4wfoft. Y. Dem. V, 

bU^ID^N pr. n. m. Antoninus, 1) a Boman em- 
peror freq. mentioned as a friend of B. Judah Han-Nassi, 
and supposed to be Ant. Alexander Severus (Graetz) or 
Ant. Marcus Aurelius (Bap. a. oth.). Ab. Zar. 10 a 
'tH -Q bWlbX Severus son of A.; Ib. b A. son of Severus. 
— Y. Meg. I, ltf> bot. '31 pVia mst there is one report 
that A. embraced the Jewish religion, another &c. — Y. 
Snh. X, 29 c "IJIBSS a. "iVlBlK ; cmp. Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top.— 
Koh. B. to IX, 10 '=1 &w£>BSIrt (corr. ace.)— 2) HCTSn 'X 

A. junior, grandson of the former. Ibid, to X, 5.' — [3) (?) 
a Boman general mentioned in conversation with B. Joh. 
b. Zaccai; v. &1B131N.] 

bitMfcJ, v. eiosta. 

^biix, v. i«&iw«. 

»T3pTB3», v. -mrtiH. 

&13TO!*, WM» pr. n.m.('AvT l >cK)4«H- 
gonus, 1) A. of Sokho, disciple of Simon the Just. Aboth 
I, 3.-2) Bets. 34 a , a. fr. B. Elazar son of A.— Tern. 21 a 
. ed. (Ar. BBiBK). [Y. Snh. I, 19 d , v. SIDiJSS*.] 

y©")Jp'Ep!K f. (&VTi7pa«pifj) i)(— 4vT("]fpa<pov)iujpK- 
cate. Targ. Esth. Ill, 14 Mus. (ed. XSlBil); Esth. B. to 
ibid, (explain. ")Wan ib.), — 2) anpiver to a letter. Gen. 

B. s. 67 .'» ib Stt Ar. (ed. KB111B5K, corr. i& ) give 

me an answer (to the emperor's letter). Ib. 'X 'jn where 
is the answer? 

b"lp^PI2DK m. (AvrfStxot) opponent in a suit, in 
gen. adversary. Gen. B. s. 82.— Ib. s. 100 blprPBSK (corr. 

ace); Pesik. Naha'mu p. 126 a ; a. fr.— PL 'pfWIMX 
parties to a suit. Deut. B. s. 5 yipiliBisth (corr. ace). 

blDtoS 0^"™3tf) pr. n. m. Antiochos (III) 
of Syria. Targ. II Esth. I," 2. Gen. B. s. 23; a. e. . 

■omh, n^ji^x, v. -«««. 

b^tM!*, V. biSTOiX. 

>WtMK, fcWtMK, corruptions; read KjBtf* 
m. pi. (pi. of ifjLariov) blankets used at the bath which 
may also serve as cloaks (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Pallium). 
Y. Kil. IX, 32 a bot,; Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a (explain, the 
sort of 113^3 in question). 

b H '~)" nT :23!tf, read biTOs, 

^tlDSt f. (aYYO&^xi), iyYufi^xTj, lat. mutilat. in- 
citega) a receptacle for vessels, a stand for hanging in 
kettles, tripods &e Sabb. Ill, 4 (41 a ); Gem. ib. one opin., 
1*113 IS antichi (in the Mishnah) means a vessel suspend- 
ed between fire places (heated bricks); another opin., 
1111 IS a metal vessel suspended within a caldron-like 
vessel, the vacant space beneath being filled with coals. 
Ib. (in evidence of the latter opin.) fiBlll xiffiB B'-'SX 'X 
'31 Ms. M. (ed. fiaiBpi hBraifi B"3>X) an antichi, even 
when cleaned of coals &c. Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 a bot. Tosef. 
Bets. Ill, 20. Y. ib. I, 60 c bot. '31 rt>S3 '& K1M3 as in 
the case of an antichi which fell &c— *M. Kat. 28 b (in 
a funeral dirge) 'Kb fctia 1B031 X330 atoll 111 take the 
bone (pin) out of the jaw (the base in which the vessel 
is suspended) and let water be put into the antichi, i. e. 
body and soul are now separated, the latter being the 
vessel going back to the (divine) spring; cmp. Koh. XII, 6 
sq.; [Ms. M. Ki31B3!)6 .... KSSa . . ., v. Babb. D. S 

&" 1 b" l "l^" , t3JX f. (ttVT(xpi)3t4) an agreement allow- 
ing the creditor the use of a pledged object (in place of 
interest on the loan). Y. B. Mets. VI, end, ll a '6t «nn 
Mlh rPSi"! antichresis is considered usury. 

ab^a, tf^^a, v. *£t»K. 
To^aaa, v. toym. 

1. ('AytNouc;) Antinous 

W'T'nm Y. M. Kat. Ill, 82 a , 
bTlQB^aX, read 

'ptt&' l Ta3K, v. after next w. 

b^tasroas, b"WD3s* (biD^a) } 

pi. Antipatris, a town north-north-west of Jerusalem, 
founded by Herod the Great and named after his father. 
Gitt. VII, 7 (76 a ) (the second B freq. dropped). Y. B. 
Mets. VII, end, ll c . Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top &11S . . . 
fr. Tosef. Gitt. VII (V), 9 bVlBiBSI*, OT1BB . . ., (eorr. 

n'HE3£>" l t3!]!S: f. ( V receA.)ofAntipatris,Antipatridic. 
Sabb. 90 a "8 Vn3 Ms. M. (ed. 'pIBSSSSt, Ar. ynaffiBSX); 
Nidd. 62 a nilBSBSX Antip. nitrum. 

DIBBIMK, v. e-nasiBSK. 
^MN, v. iB*«ia». 

ND^iaDS, n^s^^, WH^tf, arp© .... 

m. (corrupt, of XBS1M!* ovOuTtaTOi;) proconsul (residing 
in Oiesarea). T. Meg. Ill, 74 a ; T. Ber. V, 9 a top; Koh. 
B. to III, 6. [lb. to XI, 1 KBi&BW, iBi£>B3X and var. cor- 

rupt, i 


iDinB^as, b"n&^3», b-iBTaas, v. 


SETB^aax, v. KB-^t?5«. . 

■)0" l 'p" l I3DN m. ('Avti-KaicrapoO Pro-Ccesare, the 
highest dignitary next to the Emperor; in gen. vice-rot/. 
Gen. E. s. 53; s. 85, end (also t>ipB3K). 

btTj5i , m$ v. eifCTK. 

■ enpmtMa, ppTta:a, v. o^im*. 

WTTt33N m . pi., v. 6MS. . 

113DH3S, v. -pasta*. 

btSDN m. (Va3) AwM, one fourth of a Log (liquid 
measure). B. Bath: 58 b ; v. NbB3. V. 8^B5K. 

"OQDStf m. (svxoXeui;) procurator, mandatary. Y. 
Snh. il/heg. 19 d '» "ft mail (ed. incorr. l!=B3X trb) let 
him appoint a mandatary. lb. WQ2E1 'Kl can the man- 
datary take an oath for his client? 

a;bt3D», N^b^N m - pi- (of toJK; f™» ^h 

Greek 8vtXo4, SvtXov &c. and our w. SvtXst'a, antlia) 
baling, out bilge-water, pump (with wheels and buckets). 
Euth E. to II, 19 iB3K blbl ; Lev. E. s. 34 'VbSS (ed. 
&&1B3N, corr. ace.) the pumping wheel. Tosef. Makhsh. 
Ill, 4 'jn'blB 'X i3Sa on account of their baling machine 
(besprinkling the wheat). lb. Mikv. IV, 2 8fVBl«. 

■toa, y. -fym. 

¥ n3t33S Mass. Tsits. (ed. Kirchh. p. 22) perh. 4m- 
toniana, a cloak; v. WB3K. 

^"O^DSS Midr. Till. Ps. XV, beg., perh. 'pBiS'ia or 
S^a^ia (monetae) mints; cmp. niiOaDlrfjX. 

&mtm y. 'jiM*. 
rrnuBta^N, y. v» ? «. 

iDiTl'DDX, DTlTD^lS pr. n. pi. (AMxapaSo;) An- 
taradus,'n Syrian town opposite the Isle of Aradus. Y. 

Bets. Ill, 62 a top. Y. Sabb. I, 4 a bot. &i1HB3« (corr. 
ace). — Cmp. K**r*3S.— Deriv. "«S'i'*TO5S inhabitants of 
Ant, Targ. Y. \l, Gen. X, 18. 

TE32fc$ Pesik.E.s. 24, p. 122 b ed. Friedm. 'xa f^UBa, 
Y. l^bX. 

^TlQiX, y. bfcnasi*. 

"P~I123!$ Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. 'M 5>pTO, v. -passa. 

DTfiaDJS, prob. corrupt, of &i"lBBiB?N q. v. Y. Gitt. 
IV, 46 a i"ltt) 'X if a slave escaped to A., he may be ex- 
tradited; v. 131X11. 

^S, !~[Di< (=b. h. rir, sec. r. of }1», cmp. )}& a. b. 
h. nss); Pi! nsiss (SIS!*) to press, wrong, oppress; to im- 
pose, overreach in dealing, v. nswis. B. Mets. 59 b Hss$aln 
llfl UN he who wounds a stranger's (proselyte's) feeling, 
lb. 49 b laniSiStl) Sia "b " ( n return to me the amount 
with which thou hast overreached me. lb. 50 a top na 

ismsNia (Ms. e. l iniiixnsm, v. infra). lb. 5i a isms:*® 

(Ms. M. iSnSJKlB, fr. 'jSitj.Mish. IV, 2 larTOixB, v. fiMia, 
Ms. E. 1 iJtWiS-m), v. nsjirl, Ms. E. 2 WfllKti), v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note). 

Nithpa. nsxra to be overreached. lb. 49 b '3 i» which 
of them has been overreached ? lb. 50 b '31!) ia (Ms. M. 
n.3ixna); a. fr. [Nithpol. of ))&, "|3isn3, v. supra.] [In. Y. 

"•ON (b- !!■; demonstr. *,», v. iD3») I. Succ. 53 a ; a. v. 
fr.— [fb. IV, 5 1STI 138 (Y. XlSTl), reverential transcription 
of mni 83X, to avoid the utterance of the Tetragram- 
maton.] — PI. 13X. Keth. I, 6; a. fr. 

*W«, V. K#S. 

tfj^N, «|5^3S pr. n. pi. (v. ipii3W) an ab- 
breviation' of ipii31S* hia, Bithynia, a district of Asia 
Minor. B.Mets. 46 b 'X 131T theDenars issued in Bithynia; 
v. uraSS for var. lect. 

■pi™, v. ^3i?it. 

5tf"lP3!tf pr. n. pi. v.'dOM!*; cmp. next w. 

KH^i* m. (=XlJi3 bs by the creek) shore; v. itnSi?, 
«"153. T B. Mets. 107 b ; a. e. 

TnJCOit' Pes. 112 b , a word in a charm formula 
against thirst (var. lect. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.), prob.=next w; 

'tll^ CplW**) m. (IXa^opov, 3 corrupt, 
for b) a sauce of oil and garum (to which wine is some- 
times added). Ber. 35 b sq. '31 «ia '!* elaiogaron contains 
the juice of beets ; oxygaron the sauce of all kinds of 
boiled vegetables. Yoma 76 a . Shebu. 23 a '« i"3> Xabini 
perhaps if used as an admixture to elaiogaruml Tosef. 
Bets. II, 16 '=1 11-rtSl ■p-iiiaaiO 'K (Y. Bets. II, end, 61 d 
'31 •pinaV')i'ni3iX, corr. ace; cmp. Eashi to Shebu. 1. c). 
Tosef. Ter. IX, 10; 12; Shebi. VI, 3. Koh. E. to I, 18 


N^JX, v. x?3ix. 
«J5^DN, v. xpx^x. 

tD"0&t Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 c bot., read XTlX, contr. of 

nj"0!X f. Cjjx) ^n'e/", retired mourning, esp. the 
status of the mourner between death and burial of a 
kinsman, contract, to iTJjiSJt, WlV'SX. Lam. B. introd. (E. 
Abbahu 4) WSBlra 'X aninab is indoor (retired) grief. 
Y. Hor. Ill, 48 a top '31 'X WK what is aninah?— 
The time from death to &c. Y. Pes. VII, 35 a top n3i3X 
tVTlri ftMs observance of Sninah by night is biblical. 
Gen. E.s.85 he is named Onan TOSSS 'X Xtintii because 
he brought mourning over his early death. 

rWDfcfj f. same. Kidd. 80 b ; a. fr. in Babli. 

fctiTlWOS ch. same. Targ. Lam. II, 5; a. e. 

' N|5^D», v. Kg»K a. Xp^SX. 


1AD" 1 DS m. (S3X) oppression, ill-gotten wealth. Targ. 
Is. I, 13 ; a. e.. 

ltfr) ! l&"0N|. f. (preced.) oppression. Targ. Koh. V, 7; 

1 n b"01$ m. pi. (v. BiD-'S; vijao;) islands. Tosef. Ter. 
II, 12 1 Hall. II, 11 ; (also p» a. psT); Y. Shebi. VI, 36 d 
6^3; Gitt. 8 a Ita). 

SSSD'jN com. (v. XSD' 1 }) wade, o/ casf meta/, opp. 
Xnplix'of wrought or stretched metal. Sabb. 59 b 'XI 
'21 S>"3 (Bashi ed. X3&W) as to those made of cast metal 
there is no difference of opinion. lb. Ip^S 'X (prob. to 
be read "ip^a, v. Ms. M.) what is made of cast metal is 
more precious (original). 

D^IS"^ Targ. II Esth. I, 2 read S'O&iBX pr. n. 
m. (Antioehus) Epiphanes, King 'of Syria. 


fO!tf, f>D2 m. (ya», pS, sec. r. of pX, p3>) [%W 
bundle], only in pi. const.. pfflS ^X^X (9) flax-stalks after 
they are soaked, beaten and baked. B. Mete. II, 1 (21 a ). 
Y. Succ. I, 52 b hot.; Bab. ib. 12 b (Ar., Ms. M., Tosef. 
ib. I, 6 iS'VS); a. fr. V. pw. 

aj$!*, v. xpx :? x. 

fctp'ON m. (p3X) trouble, affliction. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XXII, 20; a.e.— PZ.ip^X, "pP^X (often used as a singular). 
Targ. Lev. XXI, 10 (affliction by death in the family) ; 
a. e. Cmp. Xp33X. 

NDIp^X f. same. Targ. Ps. CII, 21. 

:Jj£S (sec. r. of"jX, cmp. ytn) 1) to rub, polish, finish, 
esp. to glaze vessels, to line (with onyx). Tosef. Kel. B. 
Mets. I, 3 '31 yta '(33X11) .... 61&S (or 133S41W Pi.) cleaji 
vessels which one lined with unclean glaze (onyx); v. 
TjiSJ. — 2) (cmp.?|3n) to wafce sore, to grieve. Denom.T|XII. 

:JDS I m. (preced. 2)) grief, wrong. B. Mets. 59 a all 
gates are sometimes closed except the gates (of prayer) 
of those wronged by men (v. i"iX31X), for it says, (Amos 
VII, 3) "Behold the Lord stands' on the wall of anakh 
and in-his hand he holds anakh (oppression)." Ib. P1X31X 
'X lTtn aVlSI the Lord hears the prayer of the wronged, 
for it says &c; y. xmix. 

:J31S! II (b. h., prob. fr. a demonstr. "jX, cmp. p, 
TjW &o.J a. i?X, i33X) plummet, plumb-line.. Lev. B. s. 33, 
beg. a. e. '31 "muso fit 'X by the plummet (Amos VII, 7) 
the Great Sanedrin are meant whose number (71) corres- 
ponds with the numerical value of ^3X. 

=|5^' ^T$ m - ( "- 3x) J)) Onyx Agate, a semipellucid 
stone of a fine'flinty texture. Ab. Zar. 8 b Ar. -J3X (ed. 
■pX).— 2) a variety of gypseous alabaster, onyx; a glaze. 

Ib. ll b 'X3 'p&nai Ar. (ed. ^sa) the streets are 

paved with &c. (for the procession). Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
I, 3, v. ?|3X. Lev. E. s. 33 nothing makes the kettle dur- 
able '31 PD3X X^X but its glaze lining; so says the Lord 
'31 t)333X I am your lining (stay) in trials (incorr. in 
some ed. a. Ar. s. v. "p). 

" , DDS< (b. h.; v. T^XII; cmp. ■qpx) I. Pesik. E. s. 21, 
v. TpX. Sabb. 105 a 'ppi'ioia 'X anokhi may be interpreted 
as an acrostichon rrtlSTi tmrS *H15&3 X3X I myself have 
written, have given (the Law). Pesik. Bahod. p. 109 b ; 
v. TliSK. — J 3 !?. 13fi_3X, 13113. Ber. 14 b ; a. fr. V. i3X, 13X. 


*J"l3"l5Di$ m. (d^oXoyETov) reading desk, pulpit.. Kel. 
XVI, *7 Ar. pSJN (Var. in E. S. prtOK, ed. yisaSK; corr. 
ace). Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d bot. '53X, '531X (corr. ace). Tosef. 
Kel. B. Kam. II, 3 '31 t>ViB pablb IX ed. Zuck. (Var. 
p> >>», ed. pis 1V1S read pi>X3X; used as fern.) a 
reading desk spread out is clean, folded together is 
unclean (susceptible of levitical uncleanness). 

nwibaa, v. mja««i. 

IDS (b. h. ; sec. r. of "jist, v. "jlX) to ^)ress, oppress, 
wrong, v. Mist. — pX one tvho feels grieved, mourner, esp. 
0»a», mourner before the burial of a kinsman, con- 
trad, to iax ; v. f»i3«. M. Kat. 14 b 'X 2"npa may officiate 
at sacrifices though being an Onan. — PI. p31X. Snh. 47 b 
'X X>X "pSSXha 1">M xb they observed no mourning cere- 
monies but lived in silent and retired mourning. — Pern. 
n331X. Keth. 53 a . — Denom. px complaining, fastidious, 
feeble. PI. nsnn i^sx fastidious of taste, easily taking 
an aversion, delicate. Pes. H3 b . Cmp. SpFi&ix. 

Nithpa. pxp to feel wronged, complain of being, 
overreached, v. rt3X. 

1?^» 15^ ch ' to be grieved, to mourn. Targ. Koh. 
VII, 4.— Denom. ySN; f. NpSX, with Jtt-fin=h. "p3!*, v. 
preced. Hull. 112 a ftT\S1 '» he was • fastidious, delicate. 
Ber. 24 b ; B. Bath. 23 a -«hS1 'X I am &c. 

"IDSSS pi. of N3X. 

&tDDH=s«K X3K, V. N3N. 

S^j^DDSS m. (=81»a», 3 inserted; p3X)=Xj5i5iS. Targ. 
Y.Gen.XXXVIII, 25*^5"!* my distress.— PI. ip3_3X troub- 
les. Targ. II, Esth. V, 1. Targ. Y. II Gen. XXII, 14 
(Y. I T^SK). Cant. E. beg. none tells tvnm '« (some ed. 
'31N) his troubles except after his release; Koh.E. to I, 12 
ipliX, read ip*3K.— Targ. Y. II Gen. XXXVIII, 25 ipai3X 
Ar. the distressed (ed. KipiiS). Cmp. pw a. deriv. 

*|2jjN adv. (a^aYXVj) perforce, of necessity (corresp. 
to diisbtt) jflisa). Gen. E. s. 12 if a human being spreads 
a tent '31 nihil) i"X> 'X it must in course of time become 
loose. Cmp. Y. Ber. I, 2 d top. 

*fittTj»38 («TO3») f- (=h. n^n, np^) « 

/«« grown camel. Midr.' Till, to CIV, 24 and the 'lion 
took pity on him (the dog), for she (the camel), (read 
XW) is a friend of the lion, 'XI jOSd XS^31 and the 
dog is a friend of the camel; Yallc. ib. 862 xnip3pX, 
xnp*>3pX, Zay. Eaan. a. 1. Xn*<p3X. 

Wltf (b. h.; sec. r. of SIN, ]/"lX;"cmp. px, px, Oin ; 
as to meaning cmp. 6)13, "3X &c.) £o 6e«i, force; to do 
violence; to outrage &c. Hull. 45 a di3aida 'X if one in 
cutting presses the windpipe and gullet out of their 
natural position. Ib. haj£5> i"lb3X if the animal strained 
its neck so as to dislocate the organs. Gitt. 44 b ; Hull. 
131 a '31 1B3XU) i-ih if royal officers took forcible pos- 
session of (seized,) his barn. Keth. Ill, 4 bsixh he who 
violates a woman. Part. pass. f. h&ISX an outraged 
woman. Y. Yeh. VI, 7 C ; a. fr. — Masc. b!3X the victim of 
an accident, unavoidably prevented. Ned. 27 a X3am 'X 
'31 the Merciful (the Law) acquits from responsibility him 
who is the victim of an unavoidable accident; a. fr. 

Pi. b|X to violate. Num. E. s. 14 SbSS& to violate her. 

Nif. b3X3 to be forced, overcome, to meet with an 
accident. Ber. 13 b nrt2» '5 overcome by sleep. Hull. 31 a 
f&aai hd3X3 if she dipped in the water by an accident 
Ib. 45 a b3Xtn S&tt) nasSl provided the animal is not forced 
so that its organs be dislocated. Keth. I, 10 hb3X3 she 
was outraged; a. v. fr. 

COiS, fut. 63^ ch. same; 1) to take by force, snatch, 
rob. Targ. II Sam. XXIII, 21; a. fr.— 2) to oppress, rob 
(h.'plDS). Targ. I Sam. XII, 3; 4; a. fr.— Arakh. 16 a 
nrb 'pbJfcn 'p'blxi and they (violent men) go and rob him 
(or force him to feed them, v. Eashi a. 1.). Lev. E. s. 34 
'31 .paipx ■j3i&3X OiWi&SK) he forced them, made them 
managers of public charities. — 3) (cmp. 11535) to distrain, 
fine. Targ. Amos. IV, 2; a. fr.; v. Xbl'3X. — 4) to urge, 
press; restrain. B. ?Bath. 57 b one must i-P12JB3 bjia> 
restrain himself (turn his eyes away forcibly). Hull. 133 a 

h"WS n^ 'X time pressed him.— Part. pass. b^SX 1) 
wronged &c. Targ. Hos.V, 11 ; a. e.— 2) unavoidably pre- 
vented, forced, v. preced. Naz. 23 a 'X b3^a he had no will 
of his own (being drunk). Ned. 27 b ; a. fr. 

Af. bi31X to oppress. Targ. Jer. VII, 6 (h. text'rfci). 

Ithpe. bixnx, d^xnx, contr. b^X. 1) to be robbed; 
to be fined, (of official extortion); &c. Targ. Is. XXI, 2. 
Lev. E. s. 34 •] WKta 'jlSXI (read ll&SXna -(inxl or 'jlJW 
",13b3Xa; Yalk. Lev. 665 "palta ',inx\ 'v. "vat) that you 
will lose through extortion &c. — 2) to meet with an 
accident, be unavoidably prevented. Ned. 27 a sVvbWJ* 
xnx he met with an accident and did not come in time. 
Ib. bisn^X bS^a Jtfll was he not unavoidably prevented 
(since he died during the appointed time)? Keth. 16 b 
lbWifctl Xlft ^bisnx they were prevented from forming 
the bridal procession [prob. alluding to government 
interference; Eashi: through excessive drinking]. [D^fPX 
to grow ill, v. bWiX a. bb3.] 

QjN m. (preced. ws.) one who acts violently, a violent 
•man. B. Bath. 45 a Xlh 'X i*iS3 bnb as a rule the gentile 
is violent (lawless). Y.Kidd. I, 60 c top.— PI. d^bSX yb|X. 
Hull. 94 b 'Xrt 136a on account of the lawless (among 
the gentiles). — Esp. (law) Annas, one who is in possession 
of property bought from one who obtained it by force 
or consfiscation, owner of reclaimable property. Kil. 
VII, 6 (5) '31 STIB5 'Xh if an Annas put seeds into a 
vineyard (creating Kilayim), and it is reclaimed. Ib. 
from what time and onward 'X X^p3 is one called an 
Annas (who may consider himself in undisturbed pos- 
session)? Answ. SplBilBa (v. Y. ib. 31 a ) from the time the 
name of the original owner is sunk (when the property 
is no longer named after him).— PI. as above. Y. Succ. 
IV, beg. 54 b , v. *ipsn. 

'8£0J$ 5^Wtf Targ. Y. It Gen. X,2, v. X^blX. 

ITl^PMit read Tn^bSX. - 

aaroaa rea d xai^x. 

*P# (b. h.; sec. r. of C]1X; v. S)BX) to swell, bloiv, 
whence, to be angry. — Pi. C||S to quarrel. Hull.63 a why 
is it called. Anafah? '31 d5> nBSXaU) (not nSfcWattJ, v. Eashi 
a. 1.) because it quarrels with its kindred. 

&©3<tf m. (more freq. X&X q. v.) 1) face, front; freq. 
in pi. i'B3». Targ. Ps. LXXXIV, 10; a. fr.— 2) with prep. 

a, in sight of, before. B. Mets. 86 a rVfiaxa xaab he 

locked the door before him.— Pi. i&Jxa (Targ. also 'X SS). 
Targ. Y.Gen.XXIII,10; a. e.— Hull.' 121 a WVta 'X3 (=h. 
Ia25» 13B3) for itself, singly. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 6; a. e. 
— B. Mets. 22 b .— Keth. 7 b imiSSNa in their presence; 
a. fr. 

iSOstf f. 0B3)=h. ilB>i3Sn waving. Targ. Y. II Lev. 
VII, 30'(20) (some ed. i*iB3K). 

^"'blS^^ Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. VI, 5 ed. Zuck., read 

■pipIMN read "(ISipaax. 


!tf"Tl£Oi< f. (dvocpopd) official return. PI. hiiOissx. 
Pesik. Shek. p. 18 b 'St **HB fltBS made out two military 
returns (census); Num. B. s. 2 niX"n&3X; Pesik. B. s. 11 
mxiilBX (corr.acc). [Not to be confounded with ni*"lB3X, 

pi. of writtSK.] 

ffs" JISJJS f - (£[».rcop(a) journey for business, traffic, 
trade; also merchandise. 'X "^3 merchant's implements 
(straps, poles &c. for carrying goods). B. Mets. II, 2 ^3 
'31 WX 'X merchant's implements (if found) need not be 
publicly announced (for return to the owner). lb. 23 b 
sq.; Y. B. Mets. II, beg. 8 b ; Tosef. ib. 1 (definit. of our 
w.), Midr. Till, to Ps. CXVIII, 20 liflB 'X ypHn arranged 
his journey with the caravan. [Also !"P'TO?i-*j 

"^MK read ^B3BX. 

&O£0!tf Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27, Var. X->&a, v. 

OlJl*"©!]^ m. (kitiko-joi, epilogus) concluding 
speech, argument, inference; peroration. Koh. B. to 
X, 16 '31 'X ^nnn (Solomon) in his wisdom began 
a concluding argument; (Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXII 

sou vbi) 

O^MS, corr. as preced. 

srb^a, v. *Ym 

tlj?^^ ^SDH, y. !*!*?«. - 

p&Dtf, »j5S?DN, v. aws. 

fflpMS, v. ropp:. 

l^pMS, corr. as next w. 

■ji^p&^H m. (o|x<paztvov, sub. IXaiov) oil made of 
unripe olives? Targ. Esth. II, 12 '&3X.— Pes. 43 a ppiBax 
(Ms. M. "(ISp^Bax). Men. VIII, 3; a. e.— Gen. B. s. 98 

■|D (corr. ace). Cant. B. to IV, 8 'pB^X (corr. 


*rfi""l£0!$ f. (fit) or 152 |/1B) a ftreafc, division, 
whence 1) the purchase of an odd object, of one of a pair. 
Sabb. 80 b (ref. to SB^ax q. v.) 'X VTilSa SilDIS ta"JX ^31 
will a man buy a half of a thing (as a cosmetic for one 
temple)? — 2) partial payments, an agreement (invalid 
according to Jewish law) of term payments with the 
condition of forfeiture on missing one term (v. XFpa&X), 
esp. such an agreement forced upon a Jew by a gentile 
(Roman) individual or authority. Gitt. 44 a (v. D3X) DX 
'X3 if his crop was seized in consequence of an anparuth, 
he is exempt from paying the tithes (of his produces, 
since he is the loser, whereas if distrained for a real 
debt, he enjoys the legal benefit of being released of a 
debt, and therefore must pay the tithes, as if he had 
sold the crop). T. Keth. X, end, 34 a '=1 naiaixai with 

o annona, capitation tax and forfeiture. Gitt. 58 b 
31 Sin naha son if a gentile (Boman) obtained 
of a Jew's property in consequence of seizure 
for a debt or of forfeiture and subsequently sold it to 
a Jew, the Sicarion law finds no application (and the 
property must, without any indemnity, be restored to 
its original owner; v. -ppi-ip^a) ; 'si na2S 'XI and the 
property seized for forfeiture must have been in the 
possession of the gentile for twelve months (during 
which the Jew might have had a chance to reclaim it 
as illegally seized; v., however, the objection, and sub- 
sequent emendation of *|lp"Hp' 1 & for 'X, ibid.). Ib. "pit 
^S.S.3 'X in Babylon (under the Persian government) 
there is no anparuth, (which is interpreted) 'X "p"l "p&t 
'SI the laws concerning the purchase by a Jew of pro- 
perty which a gentile had seized for forfeiture find no 
application in the well regulated Persian state because 
the owner might have gone to court, if he felt himself 
aggrieved. Tosef. Gitt. V (III), 2.— PI. ni*~!B3X. Y'lamd. 
Sh'lah. ( Ar.) '31 'X pa Vj13 i3X I. (theLord) take 
from them promises to pay in instalments (promises of 
amending their ways, repentance) and give them extension. 
Tanh. ib., end, a citizen was paying annonm 'X 3t"i131 
and signing agreements of forfeiture; (Num. B. s. 17 
rYPSBX, v. 1S1&N). [Ibid. s. 2 ni501B3X, v. XliBSX pi.] 

7^ ( sec - r - of T w > v ' V" 1 ?^ to 8 S uee!!e i n > fasten. 
Targ. Koh. XII, 11 'pSaXI, readyspaxi which are fastened 
(h. text d^SlaS; gloss yrTCSKI, clerical error for •pamxi 
or yiaiffll, embodied in the text of some ed.). Targ. I 
Sam. XIII, 21, Ar., v. 3a|3. 

pDitf Y. Bice. I, 63 d bot. Hlpaixa, v. p?X. 

p3!tf (sec. r. of pix, v. pan), Pa. pit* to press, choke. 
Part. pass. p|Xa choked, grieved. Targ. Ezek. IX, 4. Cmp. 

pW. V. Sp^JK, 'xp3_3X &c. 

Np2X B. Mets. 46 b , v. SpX^X. 

JlpD^I (b, h.; pitA) a sj 
Jalak[ T 9;'Num. B. s. 20. 

np^SSl II f. camel, v. XpX3. 

anipia, v. v?*. 

^D^pD^, "^UZ^b m. pi. (a contr. of fatsp p3X, 
or 'paap "W, v. "fcpilj* a. its bibl.' equivalent "W) loop 
or hook for stumped limbs, a sort of artificial arm (or 
leg; v. infra). Sabb. VI, 8 'plina 'X Mistin. a. Y. (Bab. 
ed. 66 a 'p'k) an artificial arm (for carrying burdens) is not 
susceptible to levitical uncleanness, but you must not 
wear it in walking in the street on the Sabbath (because 
it is intended for carrying burdens). Y. ib. 8 C bot. (B. 
Abbahu explains our w.) i^T ^ SOafi, f aap &131S Ar. 
(read two words; ed. BfllSl, corr. ace.) the ovos (ass, i. e. 
pulley) of the stump-handed,— a hand- pulley (ass) ; Bab. 
a. 1. B. Abbahu (leaving out the etymology) XBSX1 Xlan 
a pulley for loads, v. XB3X. Oth. opin. ibid. i*rap stilts 
(artificial legs); DW1B ' (Ta&VlB) q. v.— V. Kel. XV, 6 

nplDSSSl (b, h.; p3X) a species of Imard. Tanh. 
Balak! T 9;'Num. B. s. 20. 


liaap" 1 ?. [The definitions by Ar. a. Eashi, referring to 
implements of public entertainments, are not in keeping 
with the preceding proposition of the Mishnah.] 

bl3^pD«, v. -pix. 

*D^bp3a, twibpa, reade^^m. 

(inquilinatus, v. Makeld. Eoman Law, ed. Dropsie, § 408) 
the lessee's right of duelling, lease. Y. B. Mets. VIII, 
end, ll d , let him stay tf<m 'X X^ai IS until his lease 

*«nibj53« (naibpaN). & 

UJ-UtfJSS U IfJUpJN/ (£ I appeal. 
Deut. R. s.'9;Koh. E. to VIII, 8 .'X . . . "rail? to say 
before the Lord, 'I appeal against thy decision.' V. 

■jiE^a Cp3ia) m. tf ixx^TO*, v. Bm. Ant. 
s. v. Appeliatio) appeal from the decision of a court. 
Gen.R,s.49'X lb f^Wl one is permitted to hangup against 
him i. e. to announce, an appeal — from the dux &c. Deut. 

E. s. 9 y-JibpJS VMfc -p^ (read hlbrrt a. 'JIB . . .) ; Koh. 
E. to VIII, 8 'X rftrYVB to appeal from his decision. Tanh. 
Thazr. 7 '=1 'pilX V^S 133"P X^ffi (ed. Bub. 9 151^, read 
lim). V. next w. 

1"l.t2"Op0!>t, Mus. paibpSX, read 'paa^psx m. pi. 
(£7x/.if)!J.a, . . axa) written complaints, charges. Deut. E. s. 2 ; 
Yalk. Gen. 77; Ex. 167 'XD bSh3 has been arrested on 

DlabpD^, v . biai3ip->x. 

^&2p]i< V31H) f. (a corruption of kve.yropa.aia) 
taking property in pledge, writ of sdzure=KFp~n8. Tosef. 
B. Mets. I, 7 '31 X^crtpllX ed. Zuck. (Var. xiblbipSix, 
corr. ace.) when a writ of seizure is found, if the debtor 
admits its correctness, it mustbe returned to the creditor; . 
if not, it must be returned to neither. lb. B. Bath. XI, 5 
'=1 STripSK ('rs, "JIN) a writ of seizure may be written 
out without notifying the creditor, but not without 
notifying the debtor and giving him time to protest; v. 
B. Kam. 112 b ). 

Xtp&yti, M1J53& v. xnpm. 

• tfj&v.tiyw. 

^rj^35< her walls, v. SllW 

"]1E53K. t - Ter - n » 4ld ; a - e '> Y - ^. to forget. 

D^ISj, y. BIJX a. tf*. 

tftR, T!^3^ com. (=h. nsx, »x) thou. Dan. II, 29: 
a. e'.— Targ. fr'eq.— Sabb. 30 a naV>l»"'K thou, Solomon 
Ked. 91 b if? 'X ■>» if it was not thou. B. Mets. 26 b : 


JtfFpJtf m. (nix, rax, cirip. ins^X for WW) essence, 
substance. Men. 78 a xruDal 'X xa^X perhaps by 'loaf of 
oil', the oil itself is meant?, i. e. a loaf made of con- 
gealed oil. 

1F0N f., v. w^x. 

D'OirOS't, read biawsx m. tunny-fish. Tosef. Hull 
III (IV) 27 ; v. bJtoX. 

"^W^IS! m. pi. Orthusians, v. i-pibirnx. Targ. Gen. 
X, 17 (Y. 'MX). 

D1~ID^PD5^ corrupt, of bi-iM&iB3X, pr. n. m. Antipater. 
Targ. Il/Es'tli. Ill, 1. 

O13T08, b^TDN, v. OTnw«. 

^I?.* 1 ^.?^ f - (^Y^) sfore > capital of the business. 
B. Bath.'v, 'l if one sold a ship, he has not sold with 
it . . . 'Xfl fix the funds and stores belonging to the 
business. Cmp. ib. 77 1 -' (definition) !"Q fYW Xp&^S Ms. 
M. (ed. STilJa'i) the business connected with it. 

"D llFOlX m. anthropeus (man), an assumed form 
for 5v&p(i)iroi;, for the purpose of deriving another as- 
sumed form (X*BilFi3X) anthropeia (woman). Gen.E.s. 18; 
s. 31 did you ever hear people say gynios and gyneia 
(from yuvitj, woman), or anthropeus, anthropeia, gabra 
(man) gabratha (woman)? but you do say (in Hebrew) 
ish and ish-sha, both of the same root (as an evidence 
of the primitiveness of the Hebrew language). 

8;BtTl31* f v. preced. 

JSDrflSS! f. (XhPlX) woman, wife. Targ. Job XXV, 4; 
a. fr.— Lev! R. s/3'7, beg.; a. fr.— Yeb. 45 b . . . made a 
gentile woman perform the immersion 'X Dfflb as a woman 
(after menstruation, not as a proselyte). 

ON a' formative syllable, v. "Six. Words not found 
under ~bx should be looked for under "b^X. 

C!tf Ex. R. s. 15, v. b^X. 

&<&&< to heal, v. i&x. 

^©^, J^&^I f-(?) (infin. of T>X, as noun) healing, 
retnedy. Targ^ Jer. XIV, 19 (Regia l&X). Targ. II Chr. 
XXI, 18 'X niVn incurable. 

NDN, 5*&i< II m. (preced.) physician. Targ. 0. Ex. 
XV, 26 ^&X (rjbX); Y. tjXbX thy &c. V. ^bX, X^bX. 

StfD&JlII m. (contr. of XblX, v. DIM) myrtle. Targ. 
II, Es T th. II, 7; a. e. R. Hash. 23 a 'X bin hadas (Is. 
XLI, 19) is asa. Pes. 56 a STi 'X Ai\, Ms. 0. (ed. XII) 
fresh (moist) myrtle. Ber. 9 b 'SI 'X miuaxl you had to 
carry a myrtle-tree to the palace (when forced into public 
labor, v. X^55X). Snh. 44 a (prov.) '31 131a "Wpl 'X a 
myrtle between willows still is a myrtle by name, and 
people call it a myrtle.— Pi. X*bX. Targ. Esth.VIH,15.— 
Nidd. 37 a (Eashi, sing.) 



old. Gitt! 69 a sa?D 'X (Ar. XfflX) old dog (in a charm 
formula); v. Xb3!*. Cmp. Assyr. asi Kalbi, V, B. 8, 12. 

J<D^, only in Xp13i laibit (prob. fr. ad, xab) to 
cawse a new-born child to vomit by putting one's finger 
into its mouth, to relieve it of phlegm; cmp. Tj3ri. — 
Sabb. 123 a , v. Ar. s. v. (Ms. 0., Alf., Ash. i31bX, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1.) [Bashi: to set an infant's limbs aright, v. 333 
Pi. — incongruous with the following 'pPIBpiSX ....]. 

[Keth. io a lma&K, 'pa&a, v. xap.] 

*plD:^D^, I^UJJDN, '0 'N 4c, a corrupt, 
of 'p'iBbilSiK m. (equestris, equester) one belonging to 
the equestrian order, knight, nobleman (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. 
Eque). Esth. B. to III, 4 '31 na"pn bffl '» i3K (Yalk. a. 1. 

1054 hm ■Oi-iBSSbiSt) I am the Lord's knight, for 

my ancestor (Benjamin) was born in the Land of Israel. 
Talk.l.c. 'SI 'X 131 does aknight bow before a commoner? 

NlJtN, rnp$ (Tj&) f- (v- 16) logs joined to- 
gether, raft. Ber." IV, 6 jsObsa (Ar. nib, Ms. F. 8TOBK, 
read tnabX; v. infra). T. ih. 8 C '31 !*iiab!* {Oh 'X Kin 
<zs<ta, iskhadia (u^sSta) and rafsodoth are the same. Zab. 
Ill, 1 mDX. Neg. XII, 1 ni&S Ar. (ed. mipb!*, Tar. 
X1-I3DN ; V. NJ^JDas). 

SD^nnp^, NrTirilQN f. (Tib) attestation, state- 
ment of an eye-witness. Tem. 18 b ffflitiSS "Wo what 
is the object of his statement? Ber. 14 b . Teb. 64 b . 

1DN, v. xnibN.— PZ. ^IbN. 

fcODstf, v. siisk. 
yFD% v. k;&w. 

I I'lON pr.n.m. Severus, prob. Alexander Severus, 
Boman emperor. Ab. Zar. 10 a . Nidd. 45 a . V. bi3i3lB3X. 

"]"1DS m. (b. h.; bis, v. b3K) accident. Mekh. Mishp., 
N'zik. s. 8 nnia {6x '{t pit under accident is meant death 
(ref. to Gen. XLII, 38). 

niSIDS* f. pi. (b. h. niSDS, Koh. XII, 11 DbK) 
gatherings of scholars, councils. X. Snh. X, 28 a bot. 
Num. B. s. 14. Snh. 12 a 'it i^SD Sanedrin. 

"©IDS* m., rPEfi&K f. (t)0St) foundling. Kidd.IV, 1 
(69 a ) '31 tfMOU) *s3 'X, asit/? is a child taken up from the 
street, whose father and mother are unknown, contrad. 
to ipiraj q. v.— lb. 73 a if this be so Nt»i s£> ni&lbN '{t 
a male foundling ought not to marry a female foundling. 
B. Mets. 87 a . 

"fipfcj m. (b. h., part. pass, of 1&SJ) 1) prisoner. PL 
Bi-fibX, 'plbX.— Wl nia (b. h.) prison. Gen. B. s. 91 ; 
a. fr.— 2) [Part, of IbK, q. v., forbidden.] 

"IISS, y. '-WW. 

"fiDNi m. ch. (b. h. nibx) We, c^ai». Dan. IV, 12.— 
PI. ■ji-lTOK Ezra VII, 26; v. 1W. 

S")1D», KTIDN m., Snin&K f. same. Targ. 
Prov. VII, 22 (ed. Walt. / 6S<). Targ. Ps. II, 3; v. 1&i«. 

imedy. Targ. Is. 

^"fi®^, v. sfiibix. 

tf^DISt, Sn^lO^ (tDKj cmp. WM) 
bundles, bunches. Hull. 51 b 'X bundles of reeds. Bets. 12 b 
KbTlhl 'X bundles of mustard stalks. lb. 13 a {6aB 'St 
when in bundles, they are Tebel (v. bat)). 

pHlDlSj m. pi. (v. lias) prop. &aw<fe, esp. certain 
implements belonging to the wine press. Y. B. Bath. IV, 
beg. 14 c , for which Bab. ib. 67 1 ' tJilbS, Var. d'JlSi; Tosef. 
ib. Ill, 2 "|i1iSi, Var. "piSi. 

U'HIDltf Pesik. B. s. 22, v. lib, a. m 

S^ON, ION f. o«) c 

LVIII, 8. Targ. Gen. Ill, 6 (some ed. 0. 1bi{<); 
B. Mets. 86 a top '31 "OTfl IbXI and Eabbi's cure shall be 
effected through him. B. Kam. 85 a , a. fr. ninidX ifcta 
what is theremedyfor it? Sabb. 110 a perhaps the Babbis' 
snake (excommunication) has bitten him 'X nil: tliVr 
for which there is no remedy.— PI. "jllbst. B. Bath. 58 b 
Tan {t3ft '{t ^3 ISJiia I, the wine, stand' at the head of 
all medicines.' — StnilbSt. B. Mets. 113 b Ihiinibit remedies 
for them. Lev. B*. s.' 37 -jfillbit (read ^nost)'. 

S^il^innD^ f.(inD) sitting around tlte table, banquet- 
ing. Targ. I Kings X, 5. Targ. I Sam. IX, 12 'St nia the 
place of feasting (h. text haa) ; a. e. 

tjQS interchanging with "BXSt. [For wofds not 
found here below, v. s. 'BbiSt, or ~B3St.] 

JttFtaatglDS, ni^DDS? f. (stativa, sub. castra) 
resting station. Gen. B. s. 10 end 'St fflDS to take a rest. 
Pesik B. s. 31 SOBBbSt, read StliBBb&t. 

^ntQOS, v. WW. 

*sbn^_&5?, 'ss, y &^, y r>xn' i (dimmut. <* 

8<aabi5<)' colonnade-like walk. PL rfnA'sam, 'SJt &e. 
Erub. 24 a '« '» 'jiilffiS Mss. (ed. one '»/ v. Babb! J). S. 
a. 1.) planted so as to form colonnades. 

*SSntfb;jQ&JS> m. (stabulata, D. C. = stabularius, 
oTopX(-rT)4) T equerry. PL iBX^aabX. Esth. B. to I, 12 
'X bialp (read digip) chief of equerries (comes stabuli) 
[prob. to be read I'biastsbiSQ. 

rrr^TQ&S, '&" I H f. pi. (is&, Sib) rims, mouldings 
around a stove. Kel. VIII, 9; cmp. tart, nsto, ni&to.— 
X. Ab. Zar. II, 42 a bot. 'K ",n niifid -,n ed. Zyt. (oth. ed. 
niiabK) s'fiyoth and istagioth are the same; cmp. B. S. 
to Kel. I.e. [Tosef.Kel. B.Kam.VI,17 .. msttKBO ... lai^) 
niiSb ed. Zuck. (Var. niSOI&b, B. S. 1. c. niNHBb), prob. 
corrupt, of niSiaBb.] 

"PMO&K, %•$$, '•>$ m . (Ispe. noun of 113.1b) 
observer of constellations, astrologer. PI. "psi JSB&I*, constr. 
i.3i35BbS &c. Sot. 12 b ; 36 b ; Ber. 4 a ; a. fr. Snh. 49 a , v. 

*W^J|13t>& %$, "® ch. same.-P?. ^MBW« (?), 
Si3i35BbS &c. Targ.'Y. Ex. VIII, 3; 14; 15. 'Targ. Job 

rfi^DJIiap^, 'SIS, '^ f. (v. preced.) astrological 
speculation, planetary constellation. Sabb. 156 a inbsn&J 
'31 '2PX3 ed. (Ms. M. 'bita) I looked at my constellation, 
lb. '31 'Xa XS give up thy astrological speculations, for 
Israel stands not under planetary influences. Yoma 28 b ; 
a. fr — Snh. 49 a fflalS *m bv 'X fww Ar. ed. pr., Ms. 

Oxf. (ed. 'jiaup •OTSBSK) David's star stands as 

yet (has not yet gone down). 

TD&5< Y. Sabb. VII, 8 b bot., v. nxi*l3lalB&N. 
stfTJIp&tfl, II, v. WJBWWI, II. 

mito&», n^iita&N, v. >™. 
siTO$ v . w^'. ' 
abi^O a, v. sbtjwt 
"'Mobs, v. ■■vbdri, ii. 

*»l^' 1 ~lD1a1t2&^, Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot., also in 
two words 'a "IBM*, quoted from Aquila as a rendition 
of lUaail Ta (Is. HI, 20), read: KiiaaiBOSK (lvuxo[J.a^ia 
pi. of £vaTO|/.a^iov=£[j.jtX6xtov; v. explan. ibid, Diiai 
'31) an ornament of the bosom (stomach). 

iOQTGbsS, "IS I m. ((JTOjAa^Oi;) prop, orifice, esp. 
stomacti. Lev. B. s. 4 the food goes 'i6 XBETIa from the 
gullet into the stomach. Koh. B. to VII, 19 (incorr. 

fcODlDb^IL muscle, cartilage &c, v. Kiain&N. 
SS'lOTObSX, Pesik. E. s.31, read XliBa&K=NaiBXDD2<. 

-I3f HE3DN, v. istwwj. 

rpEba, TtapiA, v. w*. 

T3TB&X, v. -b%. 
MbK, b^ESSt, v. oibot*. 

nWK, v. rVJBBJt 

H^iaD^ Ex. B. s. 15, read aiDSX. 

"pEDEbN, yi^pE&tf, *W m. (axaxxov, sub. 
eXviov) o«£ iftai ntws off without pressing, virgin oil. 
Lev. B. s. 5 '3B&K )nW Mus., ed. 'pBt3X (Ar. 'pflbX) ; Num. 
B.s. 10 T03B3X; Cant. B. to IV, 8 'pl&plBX, iBX (corr. ace). 

*JSTDt3&yt com., pi. xp^BOS OpSBOS Ar.) (Ispe. 
noun of 131D, 13b; cmp.b.h. >"P3tD, rV3tao)prop. embroid- 
ered figures; hence embroidered girdle. Gen. B. s. 19 (ref. 
to Gen. IH, 7) various girdles tWiD, ynbs '(* (Var. DiJIibS, 
Ar.ed.Koh. 'pilS) embroidered girdles (or girdle), wrapp- 
ing belts, and white linen belts; v. 'j'Mja 3). [PI. in sing, 
sense, v. 'pi^a.] 

btQbitf, pi. trtBos m., v. ^b&x. 

«$E&8, SbT^S^Xblia^, "^ f. (Ispe. noun 
of is, bba ; cmp. fi^B) »-o6e, garment. Targ. Y. Gen. IX, 23 ; 
a. fr. — Sabb. 128 a lb ST"l&rih 'X a robe becoming his 
position. M. Kat. 28 b (prov.) '31 'it ViiiD the grave is a 
fine robe for the freeman whose outfit is complete (well 
becoming old and virtuous age). B. Mets. 17 a ; a. e.— 
PI. "pbat)!*, ^b&x, lllbBW*, '2X &c. imJiaVi 'it. a suit of 
clothes.' Targ. Gen. XLV, 22; (ed. Berl. IjfcBWK; ib. Y. 
mail iTba&X, read ttJiaVi liaos).— Y. Ber. in, 6 d bot. 
(v. margin, note ed. Krot.). M. Kat. 24 a . Y. Snh. X, 29 b . 
Koh. B. to XI, 1 'JffliaVl 'K v. supra.— Cmp. rribBBS.— [Y. 
Shek.III, 47 c bot. am b® ^B&JS, read leftist; v. tfjriBTK.] 
[Although our w. coincides, in meaning and sound, with 
aToX-q in its poetic and older sense as 'an outfit', yet the 
form of its Hebrew equivalent (m^BbX) and the laws 
regulating the borrowing of words, as well as its appear- 
ance in so remote a dialect as the Mandaic (as xVaUS) 
forbid the derivation from the Greek.] 

rtax*, riwx, v. nw. 

"fytiStt, iblBDN, W f. (Was, v. preced.,=&^ 
q. v.) resting place, road- station: Y'lamd. to Deut. 
IV, 30 (quot. in Ar.) '31 ainsl iViabl* rflBS he put up a 
station for travellers, over which was written, "When 
this people shall go up &c." (I Kings XII, 27). — H. fi'MsBM* 
(fr. ri^BDtt). Num. B. s. 23 'X dflb laStt put up for them 
(the unintentional murderers fleeing to the place of 

refuge) resting stations '31 mi X laai (read n^BSK 

or y>B&!!t) and let there be an inscription over each of 
themitc. Tanh.Masell;ed.Bub.8; m'l&ibaiK, &i]?BiK.— 
Y'lamd. to Deut. Ill, 9 Di^B&iX 18)9 axial )VS» Am. a. 
Moab erected resting stations for the passing Israelites 
(quot. in Ar. s. v. *pl* 5). 

^1308, •b'i'Um, 'Q^II f. (a corruption of 
iVia&is&t' q. v.) letter, dying injunction. PI. rvWjBM*. 
mxiS ..'., 2i d bot. nffia tri> yrvte w and (the 

stones containing) the dying injunctions of Moses (Deut. 
XXVII, 8); (cmp. Bab. ib. 35 b ). Gen. B. s. 74 end Ar. 
(ed. a. Var. in Ar. i^BftiBX). *Midr. Sam. ch. XI (ref. 
to the five verses I Sam. IV, 13—17) tvb Wi »b pn 
■jibiB&iN i-naan IX fiSiin (read 'p&ID?) rfljjan iwriaa 
'31 i6st indeed so, not five pencils (writers?) or five mes- 
sages could kill him, but over the news of the captured 
ark his neck was broken. [Others read liWsOT* (stilt) 
styles used for writing on waxen tablets]. 

"ppQO^Taoa, v. apiBDbtetm 

rr^oa, '^, '^ f . <tt B , v. Kbp», m^B) 

1) wardrobe, esp. festive suit. Yoma VII, 1 'p.S 'X a suite 
of white color. Gitt. VII, 5 ir^BXN: Mish. (Bab- 74 a 
irfeBSiJ<, fr. !"feBSii<) my suit.Ib. 74 b sipfl xnbBSiJt fread 
in'. .... or in '. . . .). Y. ib. 49 a top rn*>B3«l*3 (read 
mb . . .).— 2) station, v. i^BOX. 

^D12DSS> m. 1) (Ispe. noun of dB&t=ti&n, v. Otett% the 
h. equiv." of our w.) forging steel, steel-edge. Ber. 62 b 'SO 

xbllSb (Ms. M. Xa^BbX read XalBbX, Ms. 0. XalBb, Var. 
'SS, '»'«) what the steel edge is to the iron.— 2) front- 
let, v. XaBbiX.— 3) a word in a charm formula. Sabb. 67 a , 

]TDO^ S'mahoth XIII, end 'XS. pi, read |TliQ 18. . ., 

an^taiDN, 'srjQ&f, "^ m . (p e r S . w^amo*-, «»£«- 

dar, Peri. Et.'st. p. 104) major dofnus, vice-roy. Gitt. 80 b 
'SI 'BbX blttA ed. (Ar. T\bX) in the name of the gover- 
nor of &o. Kidd. 72 b lttWJ 'tlb^X the governor of 

tfi'rrraaoK, v. ^aw?w. 

D^ttpS, v. trow* 

*fp3 , oq», srtaiap^, rrptap^ t (po=pa-, 

cmp. n*iaBB'b">X) a system of information, sycophancy. 
Mace. I, 5'(5 a ) It SWl fTOBbX Ms. M. (ed. niBBb'iX, Mish. 
'bBbx, Y. ed. 1, 7 rWBb'W) this endless prosecution of 
witnesses on the information by other witnesses testify- 
ing to an alibi would be regular sycophancy. [Maim, 
reads JWBbX.] Tosef. Mace. I, 10 rPBiBbiX, ed. Zuck. 
(Var. rwaasN*). 

nWpEpN, v. maw* 

W&DDX, v. n^Bb*. 

^EJDCJN, v. w*. 

■jita^DSs;, v . yam*. 

fcOQQit, pl.p-iabx 1) streets, v. XB^BbX.— 2) theatre, 
v. ar'iBbi*. 

VTKf^ a coin, v. x^X. 

m'^lI?P^ f. pi. tteafres, v. X^BbX. 

w , 't9«'Tap»u-tB 7? « ? i* l v. tox. 
b^nintgpi?, abatiqqa, v . v*. 

■^VTQOX, 'O^X B. Bath. 143 a , read with Ms. 

bTtfrrcaoa, abixrrcaos, v. nex t ™. 

OUibilI?DK ('mj '&*, *TX) m.(^xpoX6- 
yoi) astronomer; astrologer. ' Y. Sabb. VI, 8 d top x'ift 
">K (read *1h) a certain astrol.; a. fr. — PZ. psftilBbX 
('Sit &c). Targ. I Chron. XII, 32 ed. Bahm. pSlVr^X 
(Var. "TiBXiX). Ex. B. 1; a. v. fr.— Cant. B. to VII, 9 
"'bisibi'lBbX. [Yalk. Ex. 164 pViSnabiX, a. other cor- 
ruptions, corr. aeo.] — V. also next w.— [As regards BX 
for Bb, v. Becens. Don. b. Librat ed. Eilipp. p. 9.] 

(aaxpo'Xo-j'ia) astronomy, mostly astrology, sooth-saying, 
astrological prediction. Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 a top ■'art JTifi 
fCrit 'JO he foresaw by dint of astrol. speculation (prob. 
to be read pS . . ., v. infra). Pesik. B. s. 14 X^SIIBbX 
(corr. ace.; cmp. liJB).— PI. prftilBbX prop, astrologers, 
tmsf. astrological books, implements, horoscope &o. Gen. 
B. s. 85 'SI 'JO hrm fixil she saw in her astrological 
books (or horoscope). Deut. B. s. 8 DiSlVnabSO BTSa; 
Lev. B. s. 36 b^>S11B2X, d^Sli . . . &c. (corr. ace). 

X^yibiTDp^ same. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 d STTil 'hbX 
p'nptt) his astrological books (or computations) lie. 

"pTtaDJK Yalk. Koh. 969, read pliB-lBbX. 

jl~"i(j IIUON adv. (<JTpoY7uXov, or axpoy-pXouv, 
S.) in a rounded way, circularly (opp. xexpa-yomv, or 
xexpaftimov). Pesik. B.s. 10, read: piS"iBB paw V<n X^ID 
'SI rf>1S5> pis isriS 'X X^X hS1"lX hllll} IX they sat not 
forming a square or a long line, but in a semi-circle, 
like the shape of a half of the rounded court-room (v. 
pis), so that they could conveniently see each other. 

v. pisiaia. 

5<t2ai&i*)t3P^, 'D^ (variously corrupted, v. 
infra) m. pi. (axpof <!>|<x) pivots, pins at top and bottom 
of a door turning in sockets. Gen. B. s. 66 nmVih 'x pas 
'SI Ar. (ed. XBiQIS^BbiX ; Yalk.Gen.l 15 XBIailBbiX) pivot- 
like, the doors could be doubled backward. [Yalk. 1. c. 
may be read XBISIIBbX <7xp6<p<oxo«, v. LXX.Ezek. XLI, 24.] 
Midd. IV, 1 XBiaXS.1BX^X Ar., ed. rtBTalBSiK (corr. as 
above). Pesik. B'shall. p. 86 b ; Yalk. Sam. 152 pViJO 
XBHISax &c. (corr. ace.) like doors turning in sockets. 

fcttanaob*, 'upx, rroniapK c . interchanging 

with XBJbX, XB*b, trnsp. XIBbx"; strata, sub. via, 
crxpaxa S.) paved way, public road. Targ. Y. II Num. 
XX, 17 rtB . . .; a. fr.— Y. Gitt. IV, beg. 45 c . Y. Snh. 
II, 20 a top 'SI 'X IS on the road he heard &o. Tosef. Sabb. 
X (XI) 1 sq. (KBIb, XB-ibX, Var. XBinbX with n). Ab. 
d'B. N. XXVIII life is like 'SI JWiBbijA (read KB . . . .) 
a public road running between two paths &c. Koh. B. 
to VII, 7 "'B'lBbX &ipS Win I was bending my road, went 
out of my way. — PI. X^BbX, (X'B'iBbjyncorr. X^B^BbX). 
Targ. Y. Num. XX, 19.— fwBbx'usu. the city' walks, 
promenades (between the colonnades &c). Y.Sabb. VI, 8 a 
bot. to l^iiaa nn were promenading &c. Y. Kil. IX, 32 d 
top; Cant.B.toV,13;Y.Eeth.XII,35 l> bot.p"lBb8. [Deut. 
B.s. 3 pBIBbX, read pliB^BbX.] [In Targ. mostly ptTtoX, 
piBbx.]— 2) theatre. PI. nixa'nBbX, v. SpBbN. 

rfiSEIlDD^ M. Kat. 5 a , read with Ms. M. hix^BbX, 
v. X^B^BbX. V. preced. 

niantapNi, v . xt^Bbx. 

" l t3t3~ltaD^ Cant. B. to VII, 9 read X^B^BbX, 
V. XBb'WBbX. 

^^laniapN, 'D^ I t. (axp*XEia, in the sense of 
<jxpax6irsS6^) camp, encampment, esp. an open space in 

front of the royal palace, court; also station on the road 
for Temple pilgrims. Erub. 26 a b^sia iti) 'X Ms. M. (ed. 
■jia) camp or court round the royal palace. [Men. 103 b 
-|ba ill) KilBb'W, for JWM&i|*(?), v. however tfjlBb!*.] 
[Lam.B. to III, 7 'K MTWS; Ab.d'B. Nath. XXVIII "wi, 
read XBIBbX. Targ. Y. Num. XX, 19 W;B1 . . . some 
ed., v. KBlBb!*.]— PI. rvi&OBIBbN. M. Kat. 5 a Ms. M. (ed. 
fflSB . . .); Mekh. B'shall. Vayissa ch. Ill 'X stations 
(=nisirii). [Erub. 1. c. ttrtD . . . fc^B . . . , read ana), 
or mxi . . .; v. Kabb. D. S. a. 1. note.] 

prop. arww/; hence 1) host (of heavens, cmp. LXX Neh. 
IX, 6). Num. B. s. 12 nbsa btiJ 'K; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
XOII, end Ib&t . . . divine army (angels, prophets &e> — 
2) royal suite, court-officers. Kidd.IV,5 "ia Vtt) 'X3 sroia 
recorded in the king's list of officers (daring Agrippa's 
reign, serving as evidence of legitimate birth; cmp. 
W*I). Lam. E. to II, 2 'BbN; Y. Taan. IV, 68 d hot. 
Ib'st the list of Barkokhba's suite. [Y. Ned. XI, 42 d bot. 
nTOlBbX read hiai'iBIBbiS: ; ib. 'psn nVBiabx read 
aiiBiabK. Y. Gitt. ill', 45* top. waiabK, v. nibiaiai*. 
Tanh. B'resh. 2 hlXiBIBbX, Var. nifcCiabtf, v. JTIBbX.] 

A^lDp^, W n Q"ll3D» m. (<rcpadj T iov) camp, 
regular garrison (=h. 32a), 'contrad. to stragglers &c. 
Targ. I Sam. XIII, 23; XIV, 1; 4; 6; 16; a. e. — Pl. 
■pia-iabX. Targ. II Sam. VIII, 6 (h. text d^SS). 

Targ.' i' Sam. X, 5 . . . ^BIBbK (constr.).— N*3 

Targ. I Kings IV, 5 'Jt i» chief of camps. 

' &15TOS (rtania&») m. ( ax P ax^6 5) «,.•- 

litary commander, general; (in later Greek) prefect, city- 
magistrate; also chief of body guards (<jxpaxr]-fCK xuW 
TtpaiasvTaXiwv, D. C). Ex. E. s. 31 (cmp. Gen. B. s. 58). 
Ib. s. 37, beg.;— Deut. B. s. 10 '31 •p)PBlBb&6 (read 
bii ....); a. fr.— PI. •pj/BiBbi*, ^BiabS— Targ. II, 
Esth. I, 3 ■tntib-W (corr. ace.) generals. Y.Ber. VIII, 12 c 
top 'X ">3tl> two chiefs of guards; Gen. B. s. 3; a. fr.— B. 
Bath. 143 a ^BIBbKl ^13 Ms. M. (ed. lailabKI ^VlSSt); 
Y. Yoma I, 39 a top ">3iBlbX1 ibis (read ^BIBbXl ^13, 
he ordered his guard. 

ai^ntapa, atai^triBpa, b^utniiapa 

m. (axpaxtu>T7]<;) prop, soldier, later Roman officer (D. 
C. Gr. s. v.); attendant. Y. Shek. V, 49 a ; Cant. B. to 
III, 6, end S^BIBbX (corr. ace). Y. K«th. I, 25 c top 
Wu . . , (corr. ace.).— PI. ^BYiplBbK. Targ. I Chr. 
XVIII, 6 (v. however Targ. II Sam'. VIII, 6). Tanh. 
Haaz. 2, read: 'X 1X3 the officers came to meet the king.' — 
niBiWBQSt. Y. B. Kam. IV, 4 b top 'x ™ nisian rrttau) 
(read ilttWDtt)) the Eoman governm. sent two commis- 
sioners. Y. Ned. XI, 42 d bot. WWlBbK; v. ^BIBbXII. 

I^unapx, bWtrrcap&t, bTTrrcaba, 

v. preced. 

Dlb^"lUb», v. next w. 

«Bbia"Tt2b« f b^tT^CK m. (axpatr)U- 
T7)s=roagister militum, v. Sm. Ant. s. v.) commander in 

chief, military governor. Lev. B..s. 16; a. fr. (everywhere 
corrupt, corr. ace). Y. Snh. X, 28 b top niB^BIbK (corr. 
ace.) his stratelates.—Pl. 'pab-'BlBbX. Targ. Esth. Ill, 12; 
VIII, 9 iblV>B1Bb!* (corr. ace.). T Gen. B. s.44; (corr. 
ace). Ib. s. 78 "iJ>BlBbK, read laiialabK my stratelatoi. 
b-pltTTHPa, read bis 

bi^bE-iab^brpbtaiaba, v. ^aia^. 
K^taps, nnabis, ^nuptf, 'p^, *2&> 

S" 1 ^ f. (also NIBS!* m.) cacophemistic appellations of 
all kinds of gentile sports; cmp. the use of ftsaxpov and 
deaxpfce tv in Ad Corinth.I, IV, 9, a. Hebr. X, 33 ; af+lBbK &e, 
as if a denomin. of lib, cmp. Syr. SMIBbK, aTllBSK, P. 
Sm. 304 a. cit. ibid.; X311BSX, as if fr. SIS; ypllBSK 
(v. next w.) as if fr. lis, v. 'piBSpX; cmp. *)1i3)K) theatre, 
arena, gladiatorial shows, &c. Ab. Zar. I, 7 (16 a ) B1113 
'31 K111B2X (Ms. M. X311BSK, but in Gem. 18 b repeat- 
edly X*i1B2X; Y. ed. S^lBbiX; Mish. Nap. St^BSS, com- 
ment. iWiBXK) place of execution, of shows &e; v.Gem.l8 b . 
—[Men. 103 b -jia ill) KilBbiX the king's amphitheatre, 
v. SOBIBbX]. PI. niilBbS. Sifra Ahare Par. IX ch, 13. 
Tanh. B'resh.2 nixlBbXVar. (ed. rViXBiBb!*). Ab.Zar. 18 b 
rllXBlBb^b "fbfi xi il!)X Ms. M. (ed. nikiBIBi, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1.).— ^IBbSt, v. next w. 

Yh'nlBSX, '')i''1 aS ' ,i <i also ' with rejection 'of 'X after pre= 
fixes) m. (pi. of KlBbX, v. preced.; used as sing., sub. 
-n rV3 &c.) arena, theatre. B. Kam. IV, 4 (39 a ) nil) 
■pBSittn Ms. M. (ed. "pBSiK, Ms. H. a. B., a. Mish. Nap., 
a. Y. ed. f lab^K) an ox of the arena (that killed a per- 
son). Tosef. Ab. Zar. II, 7 '31 pIBbSS SlBWn Var. (ed. 
Zuck. "pBIBbiK, ed. ^IBb^X) he who visits the amphi- 
theatre is considered a murderer (countenancing blood- 
shed); Y.ib.I,40 a, pB2ii!t (interchanging with yHB^m). — 
PI. y^lBO* &c. Ab. Zar. 18 b 1"U) ^&a 'i6 'psiin ^» 
Ms. M. (ed. B^i 3S)ia ^3B» ^ilasxb ...., v. Bab. D. S. 
a. 1. note) you must not attend theatres on account of 
bloodshed. Ib. (repeatedly) IJilBSK Ms. M. ; Tosef. 1. c. 6 
•pSliBIBSiNSt (Var. ■pS^IIBSi, 'pVIBSi); 7 ^SlilBSisi 
(Var. 'p-niai, 1i31i1BSi); Ab. Zar. 18 b ^3i1BS6ti Ms. M. 
(ed. nlfcOBIB, En Yakob I msi1BSi«, v. preced.). [Y. Erub. 
II, 22 b bot. ■plBX b >X, pIBSX f. ruins, near Tiberias, v. 
•pB^!*.] ["flabX sometimes for ^albX.] ' 

bi^bnEba, v. xa^aiBbx. 
»bibj5ntap», v. *wdib. 

^©^ (=ibi\ Prank. Meb. Y. s. v.) pr. n. m. Assi; 
1) an Amora, mate of B. Immi, disciple of Bab and of 
Samuel. Sabb. 22 a ; a. fr.— Y. Ab. Zar. V, 45 a bot. ibS1= 
'X 31— 2) a copyist. Y. Keth. II, 26 b bot. ill&b -pW 1133 
'31 'N1 as for instance, if witnesses say, these are the books 
written by Assi, and like these (in handwriting) must 
the documents be. 

"P^, &<b^ (sec. r. of blK, v. b3X; cmp. B)">, m<, 
(1)3^ &c.; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. vv. fit!*, htoS) to be strong, 
well. [Act. v. to make well, v. infra a. ^bij.] 


Af. "i&X to cure. Targ.O. Gen. XX, 17 (Targ. Y. i&X); 
a. ix.—Part. ■>&», i&xa.— Ned. 49 a rV;t»6, HVP nxbKb 
to cure him. Sabb. lli a i&a n3a SOT* where there is a 
wound, it (the vinegar) heals it. Lev. B. s. 16, end, read: 
lalab S-rt X^Bitei I shall cure him all alone. Gitt. 56 b 
T'iDa=']i"ibXa, v. next w. 

Ithpa. "erm, Ithpe. ibl-PX, 'Fix to be cured, to recover. 
Targ. Josh. V, 8;— Sabb. 33 a . Gitt. 12 b ^IWM i9ai 
IT'S for he wants to get cured with the money he re- 
ceives as damages. Yoma84 a i&tSPiiXI gotcured. Keth. 62 b 
n^SniX she grew well. Koh. B. to I, 8 he went &c. 
SP&StnTa in order to be cured. Cmp. nbl. 

"ON, &^P^> ^P^? m.(preced.) physician, surgeon; 
also thaumaturg, [Essene, Therapeut ?] Targ. Ex. XXI, 1 9 ; 
a. e. Y. Yoma III, 40 d bot. '31 'X in a certain thaum- 
aturg in Sepphoris. Y. Taan. Ill, 66 d '=1 "p6&6 lipll* 
honor thy physician (with presents) ere thou be in need 
of him. B. Kain. 85 a '31 KpTll "8 if the surgeon is far 
off, the eye will be blind (before he arrives). Num. B. 
s. 9 "i6 . . . . Stein a door which opens not for charity, 
will be opened for the physician; a. fr. PI. K^bX. Y. 
Naz. IX, end, 58 a .— StlnlJ&S, »ni6». Targ. Gen. L, 2; a. e. 
Gitt. 56 b '31 m}> ywBtfl'it physicians to cure B. Zadok. 

K n O!S or fcCO"li< a word in a charm formula. 
Pes. lll a (Var. lect. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 

SODtf, ^0& fcTO? P r. n. Asia. 1) Asia 
Minor, or rather the Boman province embracing the 
Western part of the peninsula of Asia Minor, bequeathed 
by King Attalus to the Boman republic. Targ. Y. II 
Gen. X, 3; I Chr. I, 6 (h. text W3t»N). Y. Kidd. I, 61 d top 
(twice for ^p); Gen. E. s. 44 (once for "Op, once for Tip, 
some ed. n^BS corr. ace). Y. Meg. I,71 b bot. (for W31B«). 
Sifre Balak 131 (p. 47 b ed. Friedm.) Xiax (corr. ace); 
v. Yalk. Num. 771.— B. Mets. 84 a ; a. e— 2) name of a 
town supposed to be Essa, east of the lake of Tiberias 
(v. Neub. Geogr. p. 38; cmp. Bap. Er. Millin s. v.). Y. 
Kil. IX, 32 c bot. Sabb. 109 a 'S (with hot springs). Yeb. 
XVI, 4 '$; Y. ib. 15 d top "St; a. fr. 

■j^pS, v. »>n K . 

JtfJVPpltf f. (i&X) cure, recovery. Targ. Prov. 111,8 ; a.e. 

TD^p^ (v. tsl&; cmp. bfl I a. bbp to be extravagant, 
squander. "Targ. Prov. XXIII, 20 '31 TWfcKl (Ms. TW3N1, 
v. infra) who are extravagant in eating meat, v. ilTl. — 
Part. BibX extravagant. Ib. 21.— PI. 'pET'DX, v. supra. 

ITEPDStf Deut. B. s. 7, read Tildas. 

M^DX m. .(•*») physician. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C top 
'31 '11 T !Ti:iiDX the physician of &e. 

b^m, v. vox. 

'pD'ONi m. (Sairj(j.0(;, -ov) uncoined metal, bulion. 
B. Mets. IV, 1 '31 n31p 'X the uncoined metal buys the 
coined, i. e. by delivering the uncoined, which is considered 
as goods, the purchase is concluded. Ib. 47 b ; a. fr. 

WS, v. MM. 
an^Sa, v. WTOJK. 

S^iTCHO^ f.(v. &Wb&< a. MJiWi) a receptacle for grain. 
Keth. 8 aI ; Ab.' Zar. 8 b ''SO ilSll) lal "Oa from the time 
they put barley into the asinta (as the first prelimina- 
ries of a wedding feast). [Ab. Zar. 1. c. read STWiDSO.— 
Other opin. / X=xn"'OX mortar, for pounding barley,— 
trough for brewing beer— pot for planting barley for the 
wedding ceremony, v. Ar. s. v. a. Bashi a. 1.] 

iOp"p?$ m. (redupl. of }m) granary, storehouse. 
PI. la&i&k Pes. 4 a 6tn»1ia 'K xai tp3J* on the sea-shore 
granaries are palaces. [Oth. opin., taking Mb"©!* fr. bbN, 
cmp. TON, I would establish (build) palaces. Oth. opin., 
reading XJbX or taking our w. to be=X2b!!t, at the sea- 
shore thorn-bushes (a thorn-bush) pass(es) for cypresses 
(a cypress); v.Wnia.] [Gitt. 69 a , v. SUCT?.] 

^DN m. (b. h.; tpX) harvest, crop.— PI ywa*. Y. 
Shebi. II, 34 a top, six sowing seasons 'X SUBttJl and six 
crops in one Septennial. 

*5^&* I D^ m. (=XQib) threshold. B. Kam. 104 b he 
consummated the transfer of the money (which he 
authorized him to collect) (fflW '» aSX (Sh'ilt. Ms. 
XBib, v. Bashi a. 1., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 60) by trans- 
ferring along with it the threshold of his house (as 
immovable property); v. aJS. [Oth. vers. iXSHq, end, ex- 
treme wing of the house, v. Bashi a. 1.] 

!"B' 1 DIK f. (b.h.nSbK; Sp8) I) gathering, assembly. Y. 
Taan. T I,*64 c top 09 na^bX public meeting for fasting 
ceremonies. Gen. B. s. 98 ye shall be nnt< 'X one (un- 
animous) assembly.— 2)=tpt?K. Hag. i8 a 'st laia xan an 

the festival that falls in the harvest season. Ib. U"va 'X 
i^itb to Ms. M. (ed. less correct h3i&a) is harvesting per- 
mitted &c.?, a. e.— 3) (ref. to Num. XI, 22) the mere 
talcing into the house for consumption, without the ritual 
slaughtering (nBTHB). Hull.27 b . Num.B.s.19.— 4) being 
gathered in, death, use of the verb tpst with reference to 
death. Ib. pill* nBibN the death of Aaron (Num. XX, 24). 
B. Bath. 16 b 'XI WIS the use of 915 a. tpl*. 

TDfcJ m. (b.h.; -10$.) prisoner.— PLyfPq». Kel.XII, 1 
'X bffl .' /. . . fflllp prisoners' stocks (a metal frame in 
which the prisoner's feet were shut up). 

TON, "PSS, ^"TO ~ m.(lbS) 1) aspreced., im- 
prisoned, prisoner. Targ. Gen. XL, 3; a. fr. — 2) (part. 
pass, of IbX) tied, connected. Fern. SO^tM*. Targ. Y. II, 
Gen. XXV, 1— 3) forbidden. Targ. Y. Num. XXV, 6.— 
PI. pl' i a*,.' 1 l' ,| ?& t&T&Xi fem - )T^- Tar S- Gen - XL > 3 ' 
5; a. fr.— Targ. II Sam. Ill, 34. ' 

JTTPDfct f. (preced.) imprisonment. Gen. B. s. 92 "pK 
'S3 1^13 must not all of them go to prison? 

^r^DSS! f.(ibX=i&S,ObS; cmp. ^11 a.n3ia) 1) mortar. 
Sabb. T 77 1 ' (playful etym.) sni^bn 'X ed. a. Var. Ar., it is 

called dsitha because it is caved out (Ms. M. a. Ar. 
Xrfti&n pious, submitting to blows). Hull. 105 b N33131 'X 
itam mortar and pestle for spices. Nidd. 36 b (Issi play- 
ing on Ms name) I am JTOrtSI '» a brazen mortar. — 
Keth. 49 b 'SI '» trb 1B3 invert for him a mortar in 
public (improvise a stand) and let him stand up &c. M. 
Kat. 22 b 'X 1S3 invert thou a mortar &c— 2) (from its 
shape) hip-bone, pelvic bone. Hull. 52 a '&M NS313 the pestle 
and the mortar, i. e. the rib sitting in the hip-bone and 
the hip-bone.— *3) (cmp. Nidd. 1. c.) trnsf. hard-hearted 
woman. Gen. R. s. 17; Lev. R. s. 34 'X Kin pl3ffi> Ar, 
(ed.XhfiSX, mn KnhiJS; Yalk. Lev. 665; Is. 352 SttffVK) 
divorce that mean woman. 

JS'HSpNl f.(<7iztia) raft, float; cmp. Sfa&X. Y.Ber. 

IV, 8 C top Sfi'TSW* (corr. ace). Neg. XII, 1 VaV.; Naz. 55 a 
KinpbX Mus. (ed. 'np&X; Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 5 ffttDK). 

V. srnwba* a. s^pbst. 

"'blSpStf, 'p" 1 ^ f. 1) (a/oX?)) school. Pesik. Bahod. 
p. 101 b ; bant. R. to II, 5; Koh. R. to III, 11; Talk. 
Ex. 272 (all of which compare to arrive at a corr. text). 
Ex. B. s. 9. lb. s. 20, beg.— PI. wMsiSbN, tm. Cant. R. 
to II, 15. — 2) (scholse, sub. palatina3=scholares, B. C.) 
imperial body guard, royal officers. Deut. R. s. 2 ib">3bx 
riSIS (corr. ace.) Pharaoh's attendants; Cant. B.- to 
VII, 4 piipbSt (corr. ace, or read 'piist?!*); Midr. Till, 
to Ps. IV, beg.; Y. Ber. IX, 13 a Ti&lVsiX, 'pbi31!* ; Yalk. 
Ex. 167 Bltel!* (corr. ace). 

Nj^btSDN, v. v*. 

NFfiFDDi* f., pi. anassbK, v. snasipos. Y. Meg. IV, 
end, 7V XrWI!* 'K (='!*!*) on the lowest door-sills; Y. 
Yoma I, 38 c 'pbN ; [the entire passage is obscure], 

SOSbS, PTOplX f. (!5S&,y-]&,cmp.Gen.XLVIII, 
14) lattice-work of a fire place, grating, grille. Pes. VII, 2. 
lb. 75 a Mapiaa 'X (Ms. M. '•>$) perforated grille (with 
holes in the upright bars for the spit to turn in, v. 
Rashi a. 1.). Y. Pes. VH, 34 a hot. tbOGK ^S roasted over 
the grate.— PI. ntepit. Sifre Num. s. 158.— nixtebS. 
Ab. Zar. 75 b ; Tanh.*Hukk. 2.— XrtebX. Targ. 
Y. Num. XXXI, 23. Cmp. hpWQ. ["Es^apa does not 
correspond in meaning.} 

*&tb3DN, 'tfR m. pi. (Eu),a,=axso7) SuXwo, v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Ships, a var. lect. quoted below) the wooden 
implements of a ship, oars, ladders, poles &c. Tosef. B. 
Bath. IV, 1 he who sells a ship "3biNri rW 13a (some 
ed. 'pb'W) sells implicitly the oars &e, (Mish. B. Bath. 
V, 1 yOTBa) ; B. Bath. 73 a (Rashi yis&X, Ms. M. N"k3bN, 
Ms. R. rbpo», Ms. 0. SMfejb'W, read '^teb'tt). [Comm. 
ladders=sca,lss. — As to transpos. of b3, cmp. BlBBlbSYl.] 

*ytQSp&< (flOSt^) f. (WO, v. P. Sm. 307 sq. 
b3bX a. denomin.; an adoption of <j^tj|«.<x, -aT04 would 
redd HfcjaiSbtf) planning, simulation. Targ. Prov. VH, 10 
(h. text WSJ); cmp. next *■. 

. Targ. Y. Num. XIII, ! 

SfflD3p^ f. (Mb) consent, agreement, targ. Y. 
Gen. XXXI, ! 14. lb. Num. XXXII, 25 Kin '83 in one 
thought; cmp. preced. 

fcOi©^, n"l2p5< f. (lib; cmp. Ps. LXIH, 12) 
choking, croup. Ber.8 a . Taan. 27 b ; a. fr. 

^"DOS*, v. X^BbX a. St;H|3bK 

b&5<, TD&J m. (Ao ; cmp. Gr. SoiMa) a pole or 
yoke carried on two or, more commonly, on one shoulder. 
Par. VII, 5 'S3 T-itUlpl and fastens the bucket to. the 
pole. Kel. XVII, 16 '31 13 unB WT a carrying yoke in 
which there is a (hidden) receptacle for money; Koh. 
R. to IX, 13 Vi«*. 

tfbpXl : 

XXIX, 3. 

tfbptf II, MbpN, ^bp? f. (k», **», dial, for 
i=SX, Sss>, cmp. ib*iij 1) foot-stool, folding stool. Sabb. 
I38 a 'si bpbia Xb3i tttia (Ms. M. xte-isi, Alf. xVpbix, 
v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note, v. bpblBj couch, folding chair, 
and foot-stool.— 2) privy, iron frame of a privy-stool cov- 
ered with leather. Kel. XXII, 10 fun (Var. in R. S. S&brl); 
Erub. 10 b '$ ed. (Ar. '*); Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. I, 4. 

ab&iMtftt, v. i»*. 

■piabOX Y. Ber. V, 9 a 'X3 pV^on, read pBlbX or 
pirtuK; Pesik. R.s. 23—24, p. 122 b ed. Fr. i-iBSXa'corr. 


^ITOOp^ f. CTjab) 1) swppori, reliance. Keth. 67 a 
Kin SS*iKSt 'wrbabX their reliance rests on the landed 
property. — 2) Scriptural text used as a support for a 
rabbinical enactment^ intimation (KlpS< ITfiabK 'they 
leaned their enactment against a Bible text'). Hull. 64 b 
xaiS3 'X Slpl "paTra it is actually a rabbinical law, and 
the Bible text (quoted) is a mere support or mnemotech- 
nical aid. lb. 77 a ; a. fr. — 3) (law) Asmdkhta (surety), 
a promise to submit to a forfeiture of pledged property 
(or equivalent) without having received a sufficient con- 
sideration; collateral security with the condition of for- 
feiture beyond the amount to be secured; e. g. A pays 
a portion of his indebtedness to B, leaving the bill of 
debt as a security in the hands of a third party, and 
agreeing to pay the full amount on the bill, if, at a 
stipulated time, he should fail to pay the due balance. 
B. Bath. 168 a OTp #b 'X asmakhta does not purchase, 
gives no title, i. e. gives the claimant no rights (because 
the law presumes that he who made such a promise, 
could not have meant it seriously but had in view only 
to give his transaction the character of good faith and 
solemnity); ibid. xnp 'X asm. is a valid legal transfer 
of property. B. Mets. 66 a ; 73 b . Ned. 27 b ; a. e.— Snh. 24 b 
applied to forfeiture of stake in gambling (inasmuch as 
it makes the gambler an immoral person disqualified 
for witness or judge in court). 

]^0p8= r watx. 

&0P&*, kCpliS m. C]dx=h. )tin, DbX) store-house, 
granary.— PI. N^?OSt. Targ. Joel I,' J7 (Var. 'WIS, fi). 

5W§N or ^DSSt m . (=h. .130, v. Ges. H. Diet, s.y.) 
1) thorn-bush, bramble. Targ- Ex. ill, 2; a. e.— Sabb. 67 a 
'X 'X Ms.M. (ed. n3Dn, nadfl) Oh thornbush! Ab. Zar.28 a 
'XI XT"ra parings of the bramble wopd. — 2) shrubbery 
fruit, bramble nut. Ib. b 'XT xniitfJp the stones of &c— 
PI. i.ibx a drink made of shrubbery fruit (?). Pes. 107 a 
(Ms.M. ^m, Ms. M. 2 ijins; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.). 

NrpDDN f.=X3bX. Sabb. 109 b 'HI XYTtt Ms. M. (ed. 

ls33QfiS pr. n. m. (prob. identical with Assurbanipal, 
Schr. K- AT T. p. 376) Osnappar. Ezra IV, 10. Snh. 94 a 
(referred to Sennacherib). 

DDStf to found, Pes. 4 a , v. XSbidX. 

S]D^ <0>- h -; V*P> v - Ges - H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. Ttt, 
a. 13.XI) [Jo scrape together], to gather, harvest. Snh. 
Ill, 3 rW»l) iBblX those who harvest the fruits of the 
Sabbath year (for storage) ; ib. 26 a 'p&bix (opp. to •pfilb 
traders in fruits of the Sabbath year). 

Nif. C|OX3 1) tfo 6e gathered; to be taken away (by 
death). Num. B. s. 14 (p. 257 d ed. Amst.) biBbX!) firtl 
isaifib and they (the people) gather themselves to hear 
him' Ib. (p. 258 a ) WT9 d"*DSO dmbSSHJ Ian after their 
teachers have been taken away from them (when they 
are dead); Pesik. E. s. 3 ; Talk. Koh. to XII, 11; Tanh. 
B'haal., 15; a. e.— 2) to be picked up. Kidd. IV, 1; v. 

Hif. SpbXtt, mostly Spbin, v. Db\ 

^pS"* ch. same. Y. Keth. V, 30 b top xVl X-Qriba &6 
'31 "paWO (read ^Bbxa) it would be unreasonable not 
to consider students like harvesters, for they work (even) 

^J©P&* f., v. rwis&K. 

&©"HBp!!j*. m. (Pers. ispid-ab; Arab ispidag, Perl. 
Et. St. T p'. 48) 'white-lead. Gitt. 69 a 'XI Klix Ar. (ed. 
X3"PSbX) aloes and white lead. 

3"lSp&*> '^ m. (5SS, v. SiSB) sponge-cake, spungy 
bread. Targ. O.Ex. XXIX, 23; a! e.—Pl T?iBdX. Ib. 2; 
a. e. (Editions also 'SIBpX). 

rrjisps. f. h. 

pi., sub. rob)* 

same. Sabb. 78 b Ms. M. (ed. 'piSftoX, 
'. &raBdX2). 

'J1BDK, v. spx. 

^DlSbN, v. TbBIBX. 

I iDDsSm. (=h.1' 1 BD) [the glistening] sapphire. Targ. 
Cant. V,Y|. 

p"T)£5pl!$ pr. n. pi. Isporak. B. Kam. 94 a top )vn 
'X Ms. M. (ed*. Wl, Ms. B. VVAZft) who came from I. 

■"tSSpSS!, v. ipispx. 

fcTEB&N, rna&DB, v. troMrirc. 

"©&*$ to feed, Af. of iBD q. v. B. Bath. 21 a . 

pD^ElpM, V, Ma? ? B^x. 

*^^Dp k 5,^^Bp^, ^DD$ *1K f. (Ispe. noun 
of p:s)' the free-man's armor ' (for h. lisn" Simian q. v.). 
Targ. II Sam. XVIII, 11; a. e. [Syr. XpijWx, XplBbX 
rubro colore tinctus, P. Sm. 313.] 

K^piBDS, v. efepro. 

TSbK, ▼. ■«». 

fiOTEOS, v, ks^^jk. 

0"1"©p!S m. (Ispe.nounof BIB, cmp.i-!b"lB) the front 
part of the foot (where it is split). Num. B. s. 4 "|Blr"l 
'31 'X he turned the front of his foot (put his foot on 
tip-toe) and danced. 

*n'$' 1 3£>pfef; f. (Isp. noun of X^>B) solemn declara- 
tion.— i^.niV&BOK. Deut.B.s. 7, beg. '31 'X "i, 13 ttP 'jaX 
Amen contains three kinds of solemn declarations, oath 
(vow), consent, and confirmation; v. Shebu. 36 s . V. 


JXTbBOX, 'O" 1 !* m. (Ispe. noun of iVB; Arab. 
Hbt>, to 'cut,' v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. IIS); a cut-off 
place, recess, whence 1) cave, cleft. Targ. Y. Ex. XXXIII, . 
22 (h. text nipJ). Targ. Ps. LVII, 1 (ed. 'bix).— 2)=ea;- 
edra (v. X'i'ibDX), recess in the house, sifting room in 
the shape of an open hdll, generally supported by columns, 
B. Bath. 7 a 'X i-piaa Ifi one of the heirs received a hall 

as his share. Ib. 'XT xa Xp the other built a wall 

in front of the hall (debarring light and air). Esth. 
B. to I, 9 'X tva reception rooms.~^-Pl. "WlsabX. Men. 33 b 
'31 Tb rvw 'X halls SBpported by coijjmns'. 

pTa*ib*p&«, v. T ^ m 

t^toa, v. next w. 
n* 1 ")?Dp^, '""Nl f. (-r\''as^abxorni3i?ibx,ispe.Bonn 

of »\>3 or fta;' cmp. xn^a, a'. "'Alpp.; B 'd'ialeet, for 3, 
induced by precedmg sibilant) rag, plaster, compress 
(for softening or healing). Sabb. IX, 2 (expl.ib. 1 33 b seven 
portions of fat and one portion of wax). Y, QrJ, III, 
beg. 62 d '31 'X ntBWtt he who makes a plaster of the 
fat of &c. Y. Sabb. VH, 10 d top 'XM nx hlaaM Ij* who 



spreads a plaster. Tosef. ib. I, 23; a. fr.— Pesik. B. s. 44 
tPSifibiSt (corr. ace). [SttXtjviov, in Hippocr., seems to 
be a Greek adaptation of our w.] 

NrfObSDN, y D n !St ch. same. Targ. Job XXX, 24 
Ms. (ed." Kn^&B&X, V. preced.); Var. X33X.— Sabb. 133 b 
'31 iat> 'pr&O'i 'X a salve for all pains is seven portions 
of &c, v. preced. — 

ItfD&D&t, 'O" 1 ^ pr. n. (=*tfttrt>, or JWrtpb) 
1) (prob. of Phoen. origin) Hispania, Spain.- Nidd. 30 b . 
B. Bath. Ill, 2 '31 'XS ITtPlB *13 long enough for the 
owner to be in Spain, while the present occupant may 
occupy his property for one year, and for people to 
travel a year and notify him, and for him to come 
back the next year (and raise his claim). Ber. 62 a . Yeb. 
63 a .- — 2) (=X^aBX q. v.) Apamsea, several towns, esp. one 
each in Bithynia, Mesopotamia and Syria. Y. Shebi. VI, 
beg. 36 a (h. ilip); Gen.E.s. 44, end;— Gen. B. s. 60, 
beg. iTtlWanai 'Xa from Ap. and her sisters (country 
towns) (in Babylon or Mesopotamia); ib.s.30 X^aDlB&Xa; 
s. 44 'BOaa (corr. ace.)— [Targ. Ob. v. 20 Ar. (ed.^afib)]. 
[B.Bath. 74 b 'X iffi nai=6iia& as Ms. M.] V. STSBbX. 

"OSDN m. (v. next w.) Spaniard.— PI -pSQOX. 
Mak'hsk VI, 3 tun ftiVlp the colias of the Spaniard^ a 
species of thnny-fish (prob. to be read ■'JBbTl 'p). 

JTODpS, p* 1 !^ pr. n. pi. Hispania, Spain. Tanh. 
Vayetse, 2 'Sal srtsa from Gaul, Spain &s.; cmp. Lev. 
B. s. 29 ; Yalk. Jer. 312, a. e. XiBS&X.— Pesik. E. s. 32 
(p. 56 a ed. Pr.) &15BDX3 (corr. ace; ed. Fr. s. 31, p. 147 a 
'aBDX).— V. X^aBBX. 

*«££«, K^EtoK snh.2i b , v. x :? o B x. 

^.BDN, T»BDN, v. npMDt*. 

DiDltfbBpN,' DlJ^OBpN pr. n.m. Vespasian, 
the Boman Emperor who, when general, conducted the 
war against the Jews which ended in the destruction of 
the Temple. Targ. Lam. I, 19.— Sot. IX, 14 bffi BiablB 
'X the Vespasian war. Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d ; Lam. B. in- 
trod. (B. Han. 1); [Meg. ll a 12513135 .. . lax^XialDl, 
read with Ms. M. a. old prints l&ip 'St.] 

"OSOpSDlS (genit. of Vespasianus) Vespasian's 
(followers'). Lam. B. to I, 17. 

O^pBDK, fci^pSp!*, v. trisrogH*. 

*XFpBp&t f. (reduplic. of tp, v. ">&&; cmp. b. h. 
XlBOa/l) fodder for cattle. Targ. Y. Gen. XXIV, 25; a. 
fr. — 2) (in Talm. Bab.) any plant especially adapted for 
fodder, grass (Pets, ifsist, clover, prob. an adaptation of 
our w.; v. Snh. 93 a : 'to import 'SI X1P3 aspasta-see&' ; 
Yalk. Dan. 1060 'Xa, corr. ace). Yeb. 121 b 'X ilBp 
cut grass. B. Kam. 20 a ; Ab. Zar. 28 b 'XI nVTfi long 
stalks of asp.— Ib. 'SI Xfiffla (Ms. a. old ed. xaBIBXI). 
B. Bath. 28 b . 

■pirpBba, v. ■**«?«. 

^"H^pSpfrf; 'p" 1 !^ f. (specularia) 1) window-pane 
made of lapis specularis, window-glass. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XIX, 17 ; a. e.— Kel. XXX, 2 'X IXUJSttt iirran a (glass) 
plate which is used as window-glass.' — 2) Metaph. pro- 
phetic vision. Succ. 45 b '31 'S3 i^snbal who contemplate 
(Deity) through a lucid speculum. Gen. B. s. 91 HX"ill) 
'31 113&1D 'X3 (play on sheber, grain, and seber, hope) 
he saw in the glass of prophecy that his hope (Joseph) 
was in Egypt. Lev. B. s. 1 nsbsiba 'X a dim glass 
(vision) ; opp. PlftSITlSa 'X polished glass (clear vision).— 
PI. hi^pBBX. Ib. ; Yalk. Lev. 432 niX^pBt«*. 

^TD&SlpDlD^, read iBBBfDK, v. TSOSpOX. 

*lS&fct (T£&), Snh. I06 a si ias (otto tvb t=^i) 
'X 'f'Q'b ed. [missing in Ms. M. and added on margin; 
Ar. ed. pr. a. ed. Koh. 'X feb; Yalk. Num. 771 yrA xb 
'X] pr. n. m. (Aewv Iaaopo*;, Leo Isaurus) Leo the 
Isaurian, Byzantine emperor, leader of the iconoclastic 
movement which caused a long-continued war between 
the East and the West of the empire. [The words above 
quoted are an interpolation of the eighth or ninth cen- 
tury, and refer to "the war between the lion and the 
lioness" 1 — words immediately preceding our quotation. 
The interrupted context in Bashi a. 1. shows that the 
commentary to our ws. is also a later addition and that 
in Eashi's Talmud text there was no such interpolation. 
As to the impression on the Jews of the iconoclastic 
agitation, v. Sachs Beitr. I, p. 78. Eor Var. Lect. v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. and Koh. Ar. s. v.] 

"©pl!< m. (1BD, cmp. 11B&X) Espar, a Hebrew 
name for' Sestertius (cmp. ip^X &c). PI. const. ilBOX. 
Maas. Sh. n, 9 (Ms. M. 11DSX, v. XlinO^X, Asheri 1163X); 
Eduy.I, 10 (he must exchange the fourth Denar) TO31X 
^B3 'X Ms. M. (ed. 5>31X) for four sestertii. [Oth. opin- 
ions (v. comment.), Sanpoi, supposed to be worth one fifth 
of a Denar. There is, however, no evidence of Saitpot 
being used in this sense in the days of the Mishnah.] 

brispa, v. tt% 

"ttlTTBQN, milBpS, 'P^ collect, n, (prob. 
a contraction of explo'rator vim) forerunner, the com- 
mander's van-guard. Keth. 3 b (Tossaf. take it as sing- 
ular). V., however, TjlilBX, "pIlllBX. 

jinSpiS m. (Saitpoj, ov) white, opp. •jlinafu.aupos) 
black. Gen'. B. s. 7 'X 1hl 'lla Ar. (ed. piia) a white 
fish and a black fish; (Yalk. Gen. 12 11VTI a, B31X; Y. 
Kil. I, 27 a bot. XB^Sb a. Xplll). 

*]W&9», "prbBDS (Ispe. 

of una 
.') separate threads, hangings, 
Yalk. Ps. 808 'pBiS&'W. 

tsi=B, v. H.'Dict: 
fine fringes. Lev. B. 

^CfHSOlSt m. (61B; cmp. &TBMJ) that which is to 
be split, log (h.' TOpa). Lam. B.' to III, 12 'xb xallS3 
(referr. to yn arrow, taken in the sense of y3T\ to split) 


; $ i- 1 

as a wedge for the log, i. e. the wedge (Israel) is struck 
hut the log (the hostile nations) is split. 

:6"i£t>N, v. h-m^- 

^D-©QK, "N (TDpB&K) m. pi. (v. Low 
Aram.Pfl. p. 152) smelling herbs, scent-box. Bets. 36 b 
'=1 'SO. (ed. '« IS) in the scent-box of B. A. ; Sabh. 121 b 
'SO. (Var. '1X3). Men. 43 b i»p12bS< ed. 

jOHSpIS ( y-fs to run, cmp. snt^w) quickly, di- 


^riSDX, " , 13SP^ f. (aicASr), spatha, spata p. C.) 
6roa<Z sword, esp. <Ae executioner's sword. Pesik. B'shall. 
p. 81 b '31 iDBOSO Ar. (ed. 1Bfi&">»; Yalk. Is. 302 beg. 
iBpB&St; corr. ace.) with the sword with which the 
Egyptians struck, were they struck.— PI. "priBDX. Ex. 
B. s. 15 'Si HB9 prepare ye the swords ; v. SlVlpiBO. 

"HASON m. (nita&apiot, v. preced.) carrier of broad 
sword, one of the imperial body-guard for which tall 
men would be selected. Cant. B. to II, 15 ■pintoBSSt 
(corr. aec.).— PI. "priSSX. lb. a province (or city) rirtaa 
"(Ms 'St was rearing spatharii for the king. [Gen. B. s. 65 

. JCTpDN, v. st^&st. 

K^lpP&tl, SbE3lp!T« m. (Isp. or Ithpe. of 
bwp=\nVi thumb) snapping with thumb and middle finger, 
flipping. Taan. 25 a ifflSStSt 'SO "b pia Ar. (ed. . . . "pina 
'1SJK; Ms. M. IStniSStSt) he stirred me up by snapping on 
my forehead.— J?J.."^U!|pOSt. Ab. Zar. 28" 'OSt "pfil» niTra 
Ar. (ed. ivy*) snap thereon (on the swelling) sixty times. 

40T2fipp!SlII f. (scutella, axooxXov) a salver or 
waiter ofnearlg sjware /ew.iKel.XXX,l. M. Kat.IJI,7. 


■n^ppa, v. w*. 

S^SIpP^, v. StMflppSt. 

riD^pOJSt, ' n !Sl f. (qpb, cmp. b. h. Cppaja a. Spl) 
cros«-#ieee; l)^ardof aship. .Tosef. B.Bath. IV, 1 ed.Zuck. 
(Var.nsp^it); Y.ib.V, beg.l5 a in selling a vessel one has 
' : not implicitly sold /Xrt RSt. £he yard (because, it is taken 
■down when on land ; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Antenna). Midr. 
•Till. to.Ps. CIII (the embryo in the womb) 1T0UJ.t)"lSt3 
'ai nsip&so (some ed.n3issa,.read rwabri hsipDsp)iike 
a , person seated on the yard on open Sea. — 2) lintel, 
threshold,,. gen. lower door?sill. Sabb., 6 a ; a. fr.; cmp. Y. 

Mmjr, :3?\ expi. t]d. ,r. SBh.,vi,23 b bot. .'stOTnstrraw 

make, me the threshold for the Law to pass oyer .me; 

i. e. let the law have its course at the expense of my 
life; Yalk. Ps. 688 St&lpDSt }!!!» (corr. ace). 

n&*lp&^, v. preced. 

NflDlppN, K^pOK, 'D^ ch. 1) as .preced. 2. 
Targ.Y.'Ex.XII,22; I. e. (0. StSp'a)).'— PI. StrlBlp&St. Targ. 
Prov. VIH, 34.— Y. Yoma I, 38 c , v. KBDWek Yoma 5a a 
'31 'St 'j&ITPa the thresholds .... were stained with 
blood.— 'pSlpDSt (better IWpCK). Y. Ab. Zar. in, 42 c top 
'St liSSTO . . . seventy doorframes were upset. — 2) meat 
hanging on a crosspiece. Y. Shek. VII. 50 c bot., ed. Bab. 
to VII, 4 rTFi . .. stSTOa (not WUBa) to wash his meat in 
the river; Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d hot. Sin . . ., read it*) . . . 

^Dlp©^ f. (pOJ) 1) burning. Targ. Y.Gen. I, 29.— 
2) offering^ Targ. II Chr. XXX, 14; a. e. 

fibpoa, ■ 

XSppSSl or n Spp!Sl f. (sxacpT), scapha) light boat, 
skiff. T PI. ni'st&ppSt. Tosef. Succ.III, 12 'pSi&^St, ed. Zu'ck. 
(ed. 'pB&St, corr.' ace). 

l3BpD«, ^SpOtf, v. next w. 

^apSppltf, n I2pD^pQ f. (oxercaoirVj, sub. S|*a$a, 
ax£7ta<jT6v=xa(j.apa; v. Poll. X, 52, Sachs Beitr. I, 171) 
tilted wagon, litter with canopy. Midr. Till, to Ps. 3 
iBIpDISt, iSp&X (corr. ace; read fobfia). Pesik. Bahod. 
p. 103 a 'bS-ipD Ar. (ed. i£)1S1p&, corr. ace). Koh. B. beg. 
iB&SnpD^X (corr. ace).— PI. nisfa&Sp&St, ni*BpSip& &c. 
Buth B. to I, 19; Lam. B. to I, 3 rili-jspbst ed.'(Ar. 
Tfpa&po, corr. ace). Num. B. s. 12 MStpbS ipbSaa, read 
'BDSipD "paa; Yalk. Num. 713 (corr. ace). [Lev.E. s.14 
iH&BipD iias rroa -jina Ar., ed. only nisa "pha, v. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. CIII, s. v. flSlpbSt.] 

i^ppfc* m.,pl.')i'ipt?S (-ipb=*ipT). [the hopper,] iskra, 
name of a species of locusts, horn without legs. .BI^uJl. 65 a 
Ar. a. Eashi sing., ed. pi. ; Yalk. Lev. 537 (corr.acc,). . V.i£t. 

^"IpD^, 'p^SSl f..(ipD,foesjBy=!=b..h. : .TnB,fr. l|ffi) 
prop, espying place, hence mast or rather yp.rd (where 
the captain sits for looking out; cmp. .SW'IIFl). B.,B,ath. 
73 a , explain, toren; v. supra. Taan.21 a 'Ka tab^tii I would 
throw myself (into the water) from the sail ya,rd. B. 
Mp.ts. fi9 b . Kfitb. fifl 1 " stnttal 'X mast-yard; Taan.21 a 
)0).— Neg. XII, 1 ; Naz. 55 a v. 

. 69 b . Keth. 
(v. Babh. D. S. a. 

ITEfHpP&t. f. l)=next w.Targ. 0^Bx.XYI,31. 
— *2) rea'dYSiaiDpa (jj,u$(uir^p£4 as LXXjZach.JV, 1.3) 
tubes, lamp-mozzles. Targ. Zach. 1. o. 

^IpDM, v. next w. 

V^lppSSl, '^ m. pi. (Ispe. noun pf fiftp; enrp. 
B^rjl a. denom.) /balls; a kind of .paste. ,Mekh. ^hajll. 
Vayas.5 iB^ppS fSS (read -,» . . .' ,). Hail, t.4 ; ; ^fs"s3K 
Y. Hall. Ill,, 57 d bot. plffll "pn^n .r?fk jsk r 'ritjn i a,rX^c.,..y. 

iDsS (b. h.; sec. r. of lie) to surround, enclose (v. 
Schr.KAT Gloss. II, s.v.) — whence 1) to chain, imprison; 
to sentence to prison. Ber. 28 b , v. llBiX.- — 2) to harness, 
put the horses to. Mekh. B'shall. 1. Gen.B. s.55, v. STiBX. 
—3) to bind, obligate. Lev. E. s. 23 '=1 '8MJ ftftiN had 
not the Lord hound himself by an oath ; a. e. — 4) to in- 
terdict, to declare a thing forbidden according to ritual 
law, opp. TBCJ to loosen the tie, to allow. Hag. 3 b ibhft 
■pina ft^fil 'p-ieiK the ones declare forbidden what the 
others allow. Lev. B. s. 22 "]h VfTin -\b "W'l&ittlJ tta of 
whatever I have forbidden thee (as a class) I have allow- 
ed thee (a specimen). Erub. VIII, 4 lfts 1618 he (by 
residing there) restricts the other (debarring him from 
carrying things around on the Sabbath). — Part. pass. 
■"ilBX, f. rvjiBX (it is) forbidden. Ber. 35 a 'si IB dls6 ft '» 
one must not &c; a. v. fr.—Pl. SPI/lBX, ynsiBK; f. rmi&X. 
Ter. X, 12; a. v. fr. V. lies. 

Nif. 1BX3 to be forbidden, to become subject to ritual 
prohibition. lb. 11 rViBI*5 fiS^Sl rYiB/il* affects other things 
which come in contact with it, but is not affected; a. fr. 

lP<Sj, iDiS ch. same; 1) to chain, imprison. Targ. 
II KingsXVII,4;— 2) to bind by spell, charm. Targ. 
Ps. LVIII, 6; a. e.— 3) to tie up, put on &c. Targ, Y. Gen. 
XLIX, 11; a. e.— B. Mets. 86 b iliai 'St Xpl that he tied 
up (his wound) and untied it. Sabb. 81 b xaixb SPI'iex 
she tied (stopped) the ship (by magic spell). — 4) to bind 
the bowels, check diarrhoea. Gitt. 69 b iBizft.— 5) to forbid. 
Hull. 109 b '31 ft '»1 ^5, v. preced.; lb. lll b ; 112 a , 
a. fr. lipK, i^BX it is, they are, forbidden— &b. Zar. 37 b 
hib Wra a-JOs'seii he ought to be called, 'Joseph the 
f orbidder.'— Y. Meg. I, 70 c hot. nth left to forbid fast- 
ing on the day preceding. — 6) *to bind one's self by vowing 
a fast (cmp. Num. XXX, 3), or to be bound. Meg. Taan. 
XII, end, quoted and discussed Taan. 12 a (v. Var. lect. 
in Babb. D. S. a. 1. a. notes). 

Pa. IBS to tie (sheaves). Targ. 0. Gen. XXXVII, 7. 

Ithpa. l&SfiX \)tobe imprisoned. Targ. Gen. XLII, 1 9 ; 
a. e— 2) (in Talm.) Ithpe. IBRiS to be forbidden. Targ. 
Y. Num. XI, 10.— Hull. 101 b "ienft let it be forbidden. 
lb. 115 a l-i&nft rail} flTOa what has been 
the Sabbath ought to he forbidden. Yeb. 33 a 
rtajftaa he is forbidden from doing labor; a. i 

IDS, v. W*. 

1DN, &np!S!, ■ 
SODS „ T ' 
BiniDK, '^ r 

who forbids, v. l&x. 

— ■ : i—.-.' -.- "' • t ?? t ? s . !! ! i (cmp. stradiot, D. C. 

v. dTpaTiu)Tifjc) Roman officer. Koh. B. to XI, 1. V. 

n lD!St f. ("iBX) the act of tying (the horses), harness- 
ing (the chariot). Gen. B. s. 55 '31 1&XB '& tan the 
harnessing which Joseph did himself (in honor of his 
father, Gen. XLVI, 29) will stand against the harnessing 
by Pharaoh (to pursue the Israelites, Ex. XIV, 6); i. e. 
the merits of Joseph's filial love will protect Israel from 
the hostility of Pharaoh. 

4<I, camp, station. Y. 

wrnDtf, v. ktb^i, 2. ■ 

K12"lpif, '^ m.=*to'lBB!*, road. Targ., v. 'MBS.— Y. 
Shek. VII, 50° hot. WlSlS'V'&Y(in Bab. ed. nn&tJl Vip-lBiS, 
corr. ace). Y. M. Kat. I, 64 b bot.; a. e. (interchanging 
with 'BBSS).— PL TB^BSt promenade, v. 'BBS. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 a bot. Y. Yeb.' XII, 12 d top |K^B5<(?). [j^BX 
troops, v. 'ETO.] 

iTQnpN, same, v. '&^. 

&THT!P$ 'P^I f. 
Shefc VII, ~50 c bot. 

N^CnpSSl, 'D^II f. army, list of officers, v. 
K^B'tbbVj; II. 

Vinba, v. Birt^BBK. 

t3i" l I2"ipS, 'D* 1 ^ m.=BiWBB!*.— PZ. niaiwa*. 

Y. Pes. till, end, 36 b ''al -pallii iifi 'X (Boman) soldiers 
were guarding the doors of the Temple in Jerus., and 
they bathed (as the ceremony of admission into Judaism), 
and on the same evening partook of the Passover meal. 
[Tosef.ib.Vn, 13, rVPTTdSiK ed. Zuck., Var. mevniBSK, 

"jTQnDS, v. twiot*. 

DlblTON, »iabl3"lD», v. Kaywot*. 

pI0"}p^, v. XB'n&K a. pB'l&'W. 

8IT1DIS, v. 6WM, 2. 

")5?lpJ^ (Ifchpa. 1 of 1SB) to be locked up, engrossed 
with, [Bashi: to be bewildered, silenced, not knoiving what 
to say]. B. Kam. 40 a -JttViapa "nSriBK patO Ms. F, leave 
us alone, I am yet engaged in the first question (Bashi: 
I am not yet ready to answer &c). [Editions a. Mss. 
isnBst, prob. sanest. Ar. Twex 1 am sick(?).] 

fcO^Dtf, v. JMBT*. 

"IjlTlpS m. (Ithpe. noun of TiB) [the bright,] Venus. 
Targ. Job" XXXI, 26 (h. text IIS, cmp. ibid. K"inB=)Tr). 
— Meg. 13 a why wasHadassa called Esther? "pllp iY'lX.. 
'8 nniX Ms. M. (ed. 'it dill) bs) the Gentiles called her 
Ist'har (Esther), (ed after Ist'har); Yalk. Esth. 1053 

inn&x am to nsian aaia nnia -pmp called her Venus 

corresponding to Ist'har. [Cmp. istar=I"KrffiH>, Schrader 
KAT176sq.] V. sm^m 

*nn&}&N, fcrrnsnox, xiwdx, 

f. "BTS. 

(Ithpe. noun 
of *pb; cmp. xsalB) <Ae thick part, or tte protection of 
an organ of the body, muscle, cartilage &c. Hull. 50i> 
(explaining 'the inner stomach') KOia 1 ! 'X (Ar. 'BBK) the 
thick portion of the rumen (?). Ab. Zar. 29 a Jtaftl 'X 
the protector of the heart (or of the stomach), the car- 
tilago ensiformis, xiphoides, v. ftpMKl, 3; (other opinion 
rejected in Bashi: fleshy walls of the heart). 

^"OinDSSl pr. n. pi. Istunia, a place near Pum- 
b'ditha,perh. identic with X^n&ll q.v.Keth. lll a . 

' BITO*, v. b*>. 
fcO^ptf, v. -OTJ. 

*^n" , bri&!Sl=n^B&«> xVaOX. Targ. Y. II Dent. 

xxiv, "3' " : ' 

"j^ptf h., MFK?«, 'P^ ch. m. (Ithp. of 10, v. 
■pD a. p1»)'rt<? clear or coH mwc!, hence north-wind, North. 
Keth. 23 a ; Kidd. 12 b pbX 1X3 D'ns the witnesses are 
in the North (Babylon; v. Tosaf. ib. a. v. X^IIX).— Targ. 
Job XXXVII, 22 Ms. (ed. X;jtTOX); h. text 3ttt).— Ber.59 a 
'31 XihBX xnx (Ms. '">X) the northwind comes and clears 
the sky. Erub. 65 a a Talmudic decision must be as clear 
'XI XaTO as a north-wind 'day; Meg. 28 b . Sabb. 116 b . 
Cmp. m. 

tf-ffiPtf, v. «. 

SO^ba, y. tpmj. 

Tjriba, y. im?x. 
d^pos, y. '»&^. 

^EFIOS, y. 'bd^. 

ITQpnDtf Ar. for T>B3a&X. 

1Jprip5^ (Ithpa. of lp&) to /00& around. Keth. 62 b 
'it ttWtn Ar. (ed. nsb lib) she saw him looking around 
in her room (not knowing that a stranger had entered). 

")P]&X (b.h.) pr.n. f. Esther, wife of king Ahasverus. 
Ex. E. s.'l5 rHiXiil 'X HX31 and Esther (bright star, 
v. llTPlbX) came and brought light. Meg. 13 a ; a. fr. — 
'X nVy'a, or only 'X, the Book of Esther. Snh. I00 a . 
Meg. 7 a , a. e. (controversy as to its canonic character). 

- rt^jnbmn&s, y. '™px. 

n"0pi"1FDS, 'P* 1 ^ f. (Ithp. of pits) 'X rta desert- 
salt, fossil salt, con'trad. to niailD rb'a sea-salt. B. 
Bath. 20 b (Ms. Oxf. 'B&X). Bets. 39 a (Ms. M. milbp&X 
prob. from confounding with rP11ilp'b&). Men 21 a . 

winn&a, y. tmiB w 

3?fc$, SS2?^ m. ch. (h. y») wood, woods; also wooden 
handle. Ezra V, 8; a. e— Targ. 0. Lev. XIV, 4; a. e. 
Y. Sabb.VII, 1 O c top, v. hp/lsX.— PI. p»X. Targ. Josh. IX, 21 ; 
a. e.— Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top.— Hebr. pi. b^SX, beams. Y. 
Erub. I, 19 c ; Y. Succ. I, 52 a 

itD*W f. pi. (v.preced.) laths of a latticed window. 
Targ.lud. V, 28 (h. 35JBX). 

by#, Y. Sabb. VII, 10 c top, v. fip^X. 

"]??> "j^^H**?- Targ - x Sam - x - xv ' J 

NSHS'stf m. (515>) occurrence, adversity— PI TS1SK. 
Targ. T Ps." XXXIV, 20 Ms.; v. SSS'nit. 

5]Sl (b. h.; S]SX, cmp. SS) a&o, too. Keth. 6 b ; a. fr. 
Xin sjk *Ae same. Aboth II, 6.— ">B te> D,X.(abbr. B"S>X) 
prop, even following the dictation of; 35 bs E]X (abbr. 
3>"S>X) prop, even on the top of,=notwithstanding, although 
(the former mostly in Mishnah, the latter in Gemara). 
Keth. V, 1 '=1 llaxti) B"SX although the Eabbis have 
said; a. fr.— Meg. 3 a Stth X^ irPXl S"SX although he 
does not see it; a. v. fr.— p ■« Vs 't)S nevertheless. Snh. 
98 a ; a. fr.—Chald. same. Targ. 0. Num. XVI, 13; a. e. 

v. t|ix. 

^I^II m. (b. h.; v. S]3X) prop, breath, hence 1) «ose. 
Midr.~Till. to Ps. XVIII, 5" (interpret, afafuni, ib.) IS^M 
'X IS UTiSii the troubles have risen up to the nose. 
— 2) panting, anger. — Du. D^BX. Y. Taan. II, 65 b bot. 

'31 d^BX "|1X t|X "pX, it does not read (Jonah IV, 2), 

Slow of anger but of angers, which means that He is 
long suffering both to the righteous and the wicked; a. 
fr.— 3) pr. n. m. Af, allegorical name of the angel ad- 
ministering justice. Ex. B. s. 41 end; s. 44; Deut. E.s.3. 
— *4) overheated condition, wearines. Maksh. Ill, 8 riS8J3 
S]itn when the animal is overheated, Var. C]H5 4. v. 

5]!S III m. (b.h.; t]BX), only in du. d^BX face (cheeks). 

SSStfl ch. c. same; 1) face, presence. Targ. Ez.I, 6; 
a. e.; V XBbX.— Gen. E. s. 35, beg. iXBX 136 iflTvab to 
see my countenance. Ib. s. 87 it is right t>3 SBX pIM 
that the face of this (idol) is covered.— M. Kat. 20 b BBX3 
in her presence, 'X X^>3 in her absence.— Transf. front. 
Hull. 47 a '31 riBX the front (of the lungs) facing the ex- 
aminer.— With -V, towards, opposite. Snh. 72 a ">XBX^Xp he 
places himself opposite me (for defence). Pes. lll b rtiBxb 
rrtxalDI (Ms. M. 'IB rVlfft) towards, by his left side.— 
PI. pBX, X*BX, face (b. h. b"*>X, tTCB). Targ. Ez. 1, 6 ; a. fr.— 
Pesik. E. s. 21 'X3 'X face to face. Cant. E. to III, 11 
the angel has 'X IBafi five faces. Lam. E. to V, 5 ITHM 
'X in darkness of countenance, in sadness. Y. B. Mets. 
IV, 9 C bot 'X \d> rb plax xVl but one must not say so in 
the presence of all (publicly).— 2) (only in pi.) modes, 
ways. Targ. Cant. I, 11.— Ned. 41 a xrobfi iBX methods 
of talmudical disquisitions. Lam. E. to II, 2 'X pri"* sixty 
ways of interpretation. Ber. 4 b 'X SOSaPO (Var. pB^X, 
Ms. M. flia t)b») in eight ways, eightfold acrosticon.— 
Miffl&S ^BXa for itself, separately. Snh. 56 b ;. a. fr.; y. 
XfflB?.— 3) esp. in the .pi. X^BX, X^BX character, nature 
Esth. E. introd. XHB^Sn 'X impudent people' (h. d^JB ^S). 
Y. Snh. X, 28 c bot. and if the Lord will not hear me ^3 
plffl 'X all natures (divinities) are alike (proverbial ex- 
pression of distrust in God); Lam.B. introd. (E.Yitsh.2) 
Ar. (ed. p^BX); Pesik. Shubah p. 162 b ; Euth E. to 11,14. 
Cmp. i&iX. 

S^S^II ch.=h. f)XII, nose. Targ. Lam. IV, 20; a.e. 

JtfSN m. (contr. of XSBX q.v.) a striped wild animal 
(of the genus felis) of which the male (stronger) and the 
female species are distinguished, corresp. to h. SttS q.v.; 

leopard, and hymna striata (striped hyena). B. Kam. 16 a 
(expl. XtlBa leopard); ib. (expl. SISS); v. discussion ib. j 
Yoma 84 a Xia^l 'X Ms. M. (ed. SWVl, corr. aoc.) a male 
afa. [Not to be confounded with b. h. TOBX, v. Nold. j 
M. Gr. p. 58 sq. note.] 

■tf«TB8, v. ^ : i«x. j 

m. (iiti8l£i04) dexterous, clever, refined. Num. B. s. 10 j 

(alluding to Laban, v. )&) he was surnamed (to his praise) j 

'X 'the refined.' B. B. says Sana plVa refined in wicked i 

acts. [In parallels Gen. B. s. 60; Buth B. to I, 22; Yalk. j 

Gen. 109 &1&3T11B read SiioaYna (7repi8s?to<;).] I 

iC'lBN m. (h. ftBX, Pers.; v. Friedr. Del. Proleg. 
p. 149,'note) country-seat, mansion, palace. Targ. Jer. 
XLm,10(h.textn^Sa)).— M.Kat.12 3 . Ber.56 a . Keth.62 a 
'til' StilWa h 35 sleeps in the shade of his palace (at home, 
in safety).— PL "VfiBK. Kerith. 6 a (read 'XX or with Bashi 
'»' bs). Keth. 97 a . ' 

Jl£$ to fca&e, v. ^B». 

RBK,. v. ttoK. 

iB&t Lev. E. s. 30, read iBix. j 

D'HTlBN, v. XWBX. I 

.■jiapipsisa, "jiobbBiBN m . (6™^™^),/^ 

of the batsam-tree, balsam. Gen. B. s. 27 'X pxiaa VM 
'31 t)tt)1 (read "j^BttJI) they would take balsam and smear 
it on the stones (of the houses of the wealthy); Y. Shebi. 
V, 55 d bot. 'X3 ^affill marked out with balsam. Y. Hor. 
HI,47 C "patsta ifittt (corr. ace). Gen.B.s.39, beg. '5>B1BX, 
•paiaViBlSX (corr. ace). V. liab-iSX. 


*W^8, ^?y$X m. pi. (5t|Hav6;, sub M»o«, ob- 
sianus) obsidian beads' [Bashi : o/ 1 gold, thinking of IS]. 
Sabb. 57 b Ms. M. "I1BX (ed. l^tlSX, Ar. s. v. ax "OX; 
Var. in Mss. "1BX, "T^BX, v. Babb. D. S. a. ].), expl. MBts'lB, 
of Mish., contrad. to XrtBiDpn xmain balsam beads, v. 

xfr-rtfin. v. r;t?&x. 

£fhTiE>8, v. Km* 

#YV&!& or fcrn^BISl m. (HB3 or rMB) swelling, 
whence bulk, volume. Pes. 50 b IJTmjtiBk imB3 Ms.0xf.(ed. 
wmBX, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) their bulk is large. 

"pTblB&t, read T^&six, v. TJ&BX; cmp. "WIBX. 

Ylp"13lBi$ Ex. B. s. 24, in a corrupt passage; cmp. 

MBhfct a. Num. B. s. 23, by combination of which the 

original version may be restored; perhaps; "pX 'JXjtn Ma 

uiprin aft bxrw* -p bn tea nsii xix Twbix nb •paipha 

.iaisa rYixpn'i&x art 

D^DtSlSN, mDTDlBN, read 'alBa, v. dBB. 

pHteana) ewctoswres 'surrounding a well, protected cisterns 
(inNoSfc's ark), Pirke d'B. El. ch. 23, expl. ib. Sib3»rt 

'31 S^an max nx (not ai&i33aH1) which cover the wells 
and canbeopened and closed. Targ. Y. Gen.VI, 14 xrfHiB'iBX 
(XtT^3....?). Tosef.Erub.XI(VIII),7 TlBIBK ^3 (ed.Zuck. 
dibV'ax, in oth.ed. omitted) tools for unlocking the puteal. 

oiBfitfiBN, v. ™x. 

*ltfp"H'D"llD!tf ed., X31B1BX Ar., read X^X^B'B m- 
(Tcaxptappjs) patriarch, religious chief of the Samari- 
tans. Gen. B. s. 94. 

•D1BN 0DD1S, "O^N) f. dBx, Tfch, cmp. r^in) 

return, exchange, equivalent, settlement (cmp. esp. Targ. 
Prov. XXIV, 29, a. P. Sm. s. v. fan). Lev. B. s. 34, end 
t)m )ft tim 'X (Yalk. Lev. 665 )WBf«, pi.) where is the 
equivalent for the money spent? Ib. and of all those 
(praised for their deeds with ashre) fit xVx 'X 1>B3 i6 
(Yal. 1. c. yawst) none received the promise of an equiv- 
alent except this (Ps. XLI, 2). Gen. B. s. 4'2 on the day 
of th.e destruction of Jerusalem ^3&X ixiC "tea Ar. (ed. 
13B1X) Israel received full payment for all their sins (ref. 
to Lam. IV, 22). Ib. itbfli 'X ample, general settlement ; 
Lam. E. 1. c. fiaibtti 'X settlement in full. [Tanh. Sh'moth 
13, di&BIBX, corr. ace] Num. B. s. 13; Estn. E. introd. 
Buth E. introd. ySBlX (corr. ace). [Lam. E. to III, 13 13a 
131BX Mus., hostages; v. xai&ix]— Pi. ni^BX, hfca^K. 
Y'lamd. Sh'lah, quot. in Ar.; Num. B. s. 17 a citizen 
was paving annonae 'X ahiai and writing agreements 
of converting (security for the case of forfeiture) ; v., 
however, H!|1B3X. 

^^IBltf (jOTD^) pr. Apulia, the country 
in the T S : . E. of Italy. Targ. Ezek. XXVII, 6 some ed., 
oth. ed. a. Ar. triBT* (h. text d^H3). 

ITblDbt, Yalk. Ex. 365, read Ti^iBXB. 

babies, D^bis^, fy\&x m . P i. o». h. v® 

beans. Tosef. Ter.'x, ls'yi'blB'ix, "f&SNH ed. Zuck. (Var. 

a^iBx, a^B^x). ib. n, 4 fVsm (Var. -^bix). v. y«x. 

.DitaiabiDs, v. vw)*v*. 

«QQ1&!}<, v. xaaisax. 

&" l 'D 1 ba1&j<, read Oia^a^BX. 

ltf' 1 " 1 bQ , l£ll$ Y. Ned. H, beg. 40 b , read 6t;>BBfK, v. 

"J'lBX m. bean (cmp. blBX s. v. B^iBX). Y. Yoma 
IV, 43 c bot. 'X3 IS only the size of a bean; v. 'pSXfi. Y. 
Ab. Zar. Ill, 43 a bot. iT^rt 'X31 had the shape of a bean. 
— PI. diM&X, T^tiS. Kel. Ill, 2 p*aah 'X Ar., Ms. M. 
(ed. Wibaiil) large beans; v. yftaS. Sabb. XXI, 3 (143 a ) 
'X VlB 1SS5 (Ms. L. 'B»; ed. SoncfblB) the silique of the 
bean. Teb. Yom I, 5; a. fr. 

rnJlBNl f. (=iTi31B q. v., funda) money bag, purse, 
suspended from the neck or from a belt. Y. Sabb. X, 12 c , 
Sabb.X,3 (92 ab ) Ar. (ed. IB) ; a. fr.— Trnsf. womb. Tanh. 
Thazr.3 Sf^lSXh, I-P131BX; ed. Bub. 5 STASIS (con-. ace); 
[Lev. B. s. 14 -pais]. 

fTI^S^- v. preced. 

D31SH Hull. 66 b top; Ab. Zar. 39 a , a. corrupt, of 
! raV , B(TO/jXot|i.04) pelamys, aspeoiesof thunny or scomber; 
Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27 OlaViB (read "«S). 

n. m. Apostomos (Postomos), one who is mentioned as 
having burned the Law [and put up an idol in the 
Temple]. Taan. IV, 6; T. ib. 68 cd ; Talk. II Kings 250. 
[Prob. an officer of king Antioch Epiphanes of Syria ; 
perh. a popul. corrupt, of owroerxoXo;, cmp. II Mace. 
VI, 1.] 

b^Sbl&IS, v. yoBtett. 

j™ IS wis, *N (frequ. miscopied 'B^BS, and with 
1 for l) c. (uitoir66"iov) footstool to the throne or to a high 
chair of distinction. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIV, 10 (corr. ace). — 
Y. Hag. II, 77 c hot. after building the throne, he makes 
iVB 'IBS his foot-stool; Gen. B. s. 1; Lev. B. s. 36 (corr. 
ace). Kel. XVI, 1 wain "^sa blB '8 (in Talm. ed. bs>3) 
the people's footstool of the household (a folding stool, 
cmp. 8^68 II). Ib. XXIV, 7 '31 '8fi ffii -p&pifi '3 (corr. 
ace.) there are three boards or tablets in use (v. Op5S), 
that which is used as a footsool is susceptible of un- 
cleanness by being trod upon, that with a receptacle for 
wax (writing tablet) gets unclean by &c. [Gen. B. s. 17 ; 
Koh. B. to III, 19, v. yi^SK.] 

fiTPBlEHK, v. «w. 
pabbsisa, v.yapW 

blDBIBN, read 

^P&ISH, b n b&lB8 f.(a7c6<paan,ait6«pav<ji t )»er- 
dict, dispensation. [Variously corrupted: yaBlB" 1 ^, 'S&1B18, 
ftSIBix &c] Y'lamd. to Gen. Ill, 1 quot. in Ar. (ref. to 
Prov. XVIII, 7) the fools give out pbw yt>BlS8fi their 
own verdict. Pesik. B. s. 44 y&lB&iX, D^BblBX (corr. ace). 
Ib. s. 46 (ed. Fr. p. 187 b ) ^BlitB )tn read '8 *>BS he 
received his verdict (of expulsion from Eden). Y. Sot. 
VH, 21 d bot.; Y. B. Hash. I, 57 a hot. tnn; a. fr. [Tanh. 
Sh'moth 13 &10B1B8 I'baSffl, read iMB».]— Midr. Till to 
Ps. XVII; Yalk. Ps. 670 two curiosi (v. yWfli-i) yxi 
0131Sna (MBIBifcttl y8a)(read&tiB1BX3) run (come) each 
with a verdict; v. y;83.— Lev.E.s.21, beg. nitffll&K Ar., 
read with ed. b^&BIBX. 

^HBISSt Koh. B. to III, 19, v. T^f BSj. 

^B^j "'p/© m. pi. (pBJ, pis) exit, end (=10X:aia). 
Y.Pes.rv730 d top 'rail!) '83 oh Sabbath night. Pes. 105 b 
SW|i 'X dismissal of the festive day with benediction ; 
a. fr.— Y. PeahVII, 20 b , top ipiB8 (corr. ace) a. ipnB — 

piplBSt^, v. pBX.] 

" 1 |5l9^ m . pi. (Af. of pB5) carrying out. Targ. 0. 
Lev.'xXVI, 5 8STt 13 'si until seed-tiriie. 

bibpiDK, amplest; v. nip^x. 

^ID&pISS, read yapBbft 

b-'DTflSX, v. wax. 

ptam&IS Lev. B. s. 25, beg. 'X "ABa, Yalk. Lev. 615 
yB"lBX, read Y 1 Q"FSn "SBa-, v. S^?^!?. 

*«^1TBS, K^Telk f. (6™ P toua, xi) ^. 
Gen.E. T s.72 '8 "OTa $3'l!£Q nS03 Ar. (ed. SfTttm, read 
'IX) in the season when all kinds of fruit ripen. 

fctSffiSJtf f. (=868) 1) nose. Targ. Job XLI, 12 (9).— 
2) front of the face, forehead. Pes. 112 a '=i '88 8li 
the hand on the forehead is one step to sleep. Ber. 44 a 
v. KXP*.— Taan. 25 a iYtflSlBSa out of his forehead. Ib. 
■WfYlBX ed. (read 'B88), v. xVaipp'X I.— Ab. Zar. 26 a W'Wll!XX 
Ar. (ed. 8J-nBX, Ms. M. iYVriBX,' corr.) on iftr (the chil#s) 
forehead. Sabb. 80 b , v. KB"*;?!*. 

pifflBltf, v. pnan. 

" I JP* I ?I"1&^ f. (diro&ifjxii]) store-house, store. Targ. Y. I, 
Gen.'xklV,~2. Ib. v. 10 '31 'X "SJto the best things of 

his store (Y. H ^HttS* , Ar. only ^n^; v. Gen: »i 

s. 59).— Y. Sabb. IV, beg. 6 d bot., opp. to 3' ; tfS3 ; $38? ftf 
dwelling rooms, cmp. pn&H— PI. h. fii'Xp , *iiB8. Ex. ». 
s. 30 '31 '8 -\b US' 1 hast thou store-houses where to pat 
them?— Ch.X*pipriB8, ''pVriBX. Targ. Y.ID'eftt XXXH,34-; 
a. e— Y. Ned*. IX, 41 c bot. 

n pTfi'BNl f. (uTrodi^xv)) l)pledge, mortgage ; an object 
made a security without being placed in the possession 
of the pledgee, opp. to yam— B. Kam. 96 a nfyrPb riWiB 
"y\ 'X he made it a mortgage by saying, 'Yo* cast pay 
yourself only out of this thing'. Ib. 11 b '8 fi3* !t©» if he' 
mortgaged his slave; a. fr. — 2) mortgage-docUtftent, deed. 
Tosef. Shebi. VIII, 6 '8 la ttW "iutf (ed. Ziick. ">p»iH!n> 
a note (contract) containing a mortgage obligation. Esf. 
B. s. 31 'SI hs '8 "4 aina give me a mortgage on tfty 
fleld.— P?. nisp^FliB!*. B. Mets; 19 a 'SI '8 rA8pW>l (Ms. 
M. IpiniBh, v' Babb. B. S. a. 1. note) wills, mortgage 
deeds &c. Tosef. Sabb. VIII (IX), 13 t/ft'p*iwri1CStt<s&. 
Zuck. (ed. 'man, read 'Bill). 

TBJK (=b. h. HB) to dance, leap, sport Gen. E\ s. 68 
(emphasizing bo, Gen. XXVUI, 12 as referring to Jacob) 

'31 13 Q" 1 '.^ sporting with him. 

"^©X, v. ^i;i!|B8. 

S^tlS 1 ^ f., const. nriB8 (nss), with srjsn ^w/ 1 , ca«se 
of grief .'' Targ. Y. II Gen. XXVI, 35 ed. T (Ar, •jrflD'n). 

NjnSX m. (ihS) fewtiy, wantonness. Shh. 57* llrt^Tftllsr 
liaaSp'l'Ar. (ed. WmiX; Var. lect. v. Kabb. ft. S. a. 
1. note 7) the Bible text describes their wantonness, 
lewdness. — Pes. 50 b , v. 8ffiB8\ 

«, v. ttbTO 

*nTDlDSH Koh. B. to I, 8 '8 p las, prob. to i)6 
read KWrnDBX f. (denom. of ysiSBX) catering CoOkfog 

(for the Jew-Christians living in community of goods). 
[The entire passage seems to he corrupt or defective. 
V. Munz Gott. Vortr. p. 275.] 

NpHEflBK, v. Kp^nBB*. 

"^"HllDBS pr. n. m. Aftpriki. B. Mets. 5 a ~n max 
'X; Hull. 64 b! .". . "Wl-toll (Dostai) the father of R. A. (T. 
Yoma IV, 41 d top '31 fllriX iplTdB Patruki, hrother of 
R. Darosa). 

tata&N, ^IDSK m. (=BlBirB; v. aaa) j>wppefe of 
clay, a 'set of clay (or metal) pins to put pots on for 
cooking, pot-stand. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. I, 12 13 ttJittJ 'X 
'31 a pot-stand containing metal. Tosef. Nidd. VII, 3 1BB8 

^DSstf Talk-. Deut. 810, read x;bB"iX- Tosef. Nidd. 
VII, 3; v. preced. 

rri^cfeN, v. 'Diss. 

l"hE©JS f. (IBS, Nif. "ttisitopart; v.tTiaSli) 1) /are- 
well- address, homiletic observations made on parting 
with the host that entertained scholars, toast (in praise of 
hospitality, charity, support of students &c). Gen.R.s.60 
S. T. 'X S-li las used the (preceding) text for a toast ; 
a. fr — 2) v. Xl-flBBX. 

pbl&lTQS!^ Talk. Gen. 9; XBIBSX, SIS^BSX, 
"fBIBBX, v. DlBilBiBX a. follow. 

- , - 'l$?HI2DS$ f. (v. STiBSX) prop, conclusion, esp. Aftarah, 
or Hafiarah, i. e. the prophetic lesson read in Synagogue 
after the reading from the Pentateuch. Pes. 117 b 'XT 
(the benediction) belonging to the Aft.— *Gitt. 60 a 'X ISO 
(or pi. SttflBSS;) prob. a book containing homiletic notes 
■for toasts &V., v. ITiBSX. [V.Eapap. Br. Mill. p. 167.]— 

■" v : Cmp. !TTB6h.' 

>:... " l S^,"|1apbl ^ T.Hor.III,47 c bot., v. -patfjaiBX. 

;\, *©N, (135$ 0>- h.; ]/"C)N, v. t)B8) [to heat, darken, 

., ., cmp. fan,] to bake. Keth. V, 5 FiBlXl and must bake. 

; i: Pes. 116 a . Y. Ab. Zar. V,45 a bot. b^Tflrl '5 'X baked three 

, , ovenf nils of bread ; a. fr. — Part. pass. ^IBX baked, (as a 

: noun) 2>fflsf*y. Pesik. R. s. 16 '31 ins 'X (some ed. ^ISS; 

Pesik. Eth Korb. p. 58 b , Yalk. Num. 777 "nam corr. ace.) 

I charged thee with the furnishing of one kind of pastry 

(to supply the governor's household).- — PL B^ISX. Mekh. 

;■■;■ Bs'hall. Vay. 4.— Fem. fi^lSX. Gen. R.s. 67 (play on epho, 

Gen. XXVII, 37) 'X ^ns' thy bread is baked, thou sbalt 

have to eat without labor. lb. 'X KtWilB (read "jfra-ilB), 

v., 'fflyiva a. .^vm. 

Nif. n&X3 to be baked. Cant. E. to IV, 11 (play on 
epho, v. supra) ill lUna 'S "'a who is to be baked in this 
oven (hell)?— Men, XI, 1 ; a. «. 

Hithpa. riBXtlh same. Mekh. 1. c; fiBXris r«i became 
baked of itself. SifreNum.89 113PO b^&Xriafi things baked 

n DS<, 5<D!S! (<"©$) ch. same. Targ. Gen. XIX, 3 ; a. 
fr— Men.94 a "ttVx'l yrb after hebaked it. Sabb.63 b XB^ab 
to bake.— IBS, iXrp^mbaking women,bakers. Targ. ISam. 
VIII, 13.— Ber. 5¥ b ''X •phB sixty bakers.— lb. y^BX! and 
they used to bake. T. Bets. IV, 62 c bot. fiSla nnx (read 
n&ia) she came in order to bake; a. fr. 

Ithpe. "SXiiX to be baked. Targ. Lev. VI, 10; a. e. 

&t;BN, v. sex. 
T&TBN, v. r;Bx. 

*&OT©!tf m. (TIB) stable-floor, or cewew* /owned! on 
tte stabte-floor by moistening and stamping the dung. 
Nidd. 28 a he burned the corpse 'SO X*TT , & S"S Ar. (ed. V'S 
DiTTiBS) over the dung on the cemented stable-floor. 
[Oth. opin. marble-plate, meaning a hard cemented sub- 
stance, cmp. y=S ^3.] 

*iTli , E3 > i" l S?S5 m. pi. (DIB) prop, able to talk (sensibly), 
hence children of about six or seven years. T. Gitt. V,47 b 
bot. X^IB 'X ifyototh (Mish. ib. 8 referred to reads. niBWB 
q.. v.) means little ones (v. X*iS). T. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 a 

'21 'X tih ItlB expounds the subject by analogy 

with the law concerning minors, forwe read in the Mish- 
nah &c, v. supra. 

mO' 1 ~| l D' , 5^, read ffibSilB'*!*. 

iOll^S^ 1) m. (ch. form=next w.) 1) 
•ministratdr ; procurator (of a Roman district). B. Mets. 
39 a '31 i53pilb 'X we appoint no guardian for the bearded 
(adults). Y.ib.III,beg. 9 a 'X Ha Tfmh to appoint another 
person as an administrator of the hired or loaned object. 
Lam. R. to V, 12 SrYlpV W?S 'X a governor (proconsul) 
entered a town.— PI. X*BhBiBX. Pesik. Asser p. 95 b ytyx 
'31 'X those Roman proconsuls that go out visiting the 
country places (cmp. Ex. R. s. 31, end).— 2) fem. admi- 
nistratrix; V. XJB11B1S*. 

Tp07tOi)same. Targ. T.Gen. XXXIX, 4; a. e.— B. Mets.39 a 
'X ■pITQSa the court appoints an administrator. T. Ter. 
1, 40 b bot. nVwb 'X a permanent administrator (guardian), 
fiSlBb '» a temporary administrator (substitute). Ex. R. 
s. 46 'X ^>SX rfrtana reared in the house of a guardian; 
a. fr.— Sabb. 121 a "^» hw '» royal administrator (of the 
fiscus).— Trnsf. Keth. 13 b , a. e. tVPlSb 'X pi* there is no 
guardian (no means of guarding) against inchastity; T. 
ib. I, 25 d top WIS hS 'X.—PI. D^SBI-IBIBN, fSSBIIB^SN, 
pBilB^B* T'B'IBBN. Targ. Y. Gen. XLI, 34. Pes. VIII, 1. 
Esth.R. to I, 2; a. fr.— Tosef . Ter. V, 7 '» nal^n T'rumah 
set apart by administrators in behalf of minors. T. ib. 
1. c— Gen. R. s. 6; Talk. Gen. 9 'pblSnB b 'S!K (con-, ace); [Talk. Ps. 771 Mllp'toK twice, read our w.]— 2) fem. 

^1Di"Tp n 5^, fc©"™^ ( y 1S^) f. administra- 
trixjguardian. Keth.IX, 6 (86 b ) (Mish. ed. XB . . .,' Talm. 
ed. SiB . . .). B. Bath. 144 a SB T. Keth.IX, 33 a top 

SBIIB^BS, SB1BBS a. 01B1BBS. Tos.ef. ib. IX, 3. 


rtoSmt^S!^ f. (denom. of dlSIIBiSX) guardiat 
ship, administration. Tosef. B. Bath II, 5 (hlOIIBiBX e< 
Zuck., corr. aoc); Tosef. Keth. IX, 3 iniDBIIBiBXa XX' 
when he has ceased to be a: 

(T^DItfl f. CSX) baking. Y. Sabb. VII, 10>> bot. 'X 
biara!= T irSin baking is a labor forbidden on the Sabbath 
as a species of cooking; v. axil. Men. 94 a ; a. fr. — PI. 
ni*SX. Y. Pes. Ill, 30 b top '8 vm i-a twice the time 
required for baking. [Y. Ned. VII, 40 b bot. ' ",a T11:!-|, 
read !f^Sn as Tosef. Ned. IV, 3.] 

OTflD'^Sfcf m.(luiciaTpo4) veterinary surgeon. Num. 
E. s. 9. 

)^m, )wm (yxw, "ps?) m. c**) &ak- 

/W (cmp. rVBnSlb), a small fish believed to grow scales 
when reaching a certain age. Hull. 66 a bot. Ar. "p^BX 
(ed. 1»iSS>) ; Ab. Zar. 39 a fiBS ed. (Ms. M. yKBS, read 
■pSS, 1»iBS) ; Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27 X^BIlX ed. Zuck. 
(Var. XiBJ). 

. 5pB«, v. t]sx. 

b" 1 ©^ m. (b. h.; bm) slow to ripen, late in the season. 
M. Kat. 6 a 'Xlate produces, opp. "PBa. Gen.B.s.61, beg. 
'xa 5Tt sow at the advanced season. Fem. Ji^BX advanced 
autumn, rainy season. Y. Taan. I, 64 a bot. — Pi. rYft h SX. 
Y. E. Hash. Ill, beg. 47 b sheeps which conceive late in 
the season.— b^m yip, v. 1=2!* II. 

NVtflK, ^N ch.same. M. Kat. 6» ^a Xpl X?=BX 
'21 fib Ms. M. (ed. Xp 'X, diff. vers, in Eashi) it is a slowly 
growing garden and by watering he makes it fast grow- 
ing.— Pi m. "^BX, ^BX. Targ. Koh. XI, 2 fate seeds. 
Taan. 3 b iViBK late clouds (after the rain), v. StBirj. Nidd. 
65 b "^SXl "'SIM earlier and later crops (in two succeeding 
years, so that the interval of time varies). PI. f. xrfjiBX, 
xnbsx. Targ. O. Ex. IX, 32. E. Hash. 8 a late conceiving, 
sluggish sheep, opp. XP^BIfi. 

TTT2X,, v.v««. " " 

n^SIS adj., v. b?X. 

JiTSSS f. (b. h. nVsx) darkness. Gen. E. s. 89 beg. 
(mental darkness; trials &c); v. isix. 

1 ^DS (abbrev. 'iSX) (=!fc">X t|X) even if, although, even. 
Targ. Ps.XIV, 3 (h. text dS); a. e.— E. Hash. 25 a (read- 
ing df\X Lev. XXHI, 2; 4; 37 as, if dttX) 'which ye will 
proclaim', '31 "^BX dhX ye even if erring in the appoint- 
ment of the festive calendar &c, i. e. the appointment 
of the Supreme Court is definite and binding. Ber. 9 a , 
a. fr. yarb 'X even if following the opinion of &c; 
[Cant. E. end lailfifib 'X, v. next w.] 

^"©tf, li^Stfl m. (dusiXuiv, iweiMaw, part. 

s.of aiTEiXsa), prob. borrowed fr. Aquila to Ps.CIV,32) 
threatening. Y. Ber. IX, 13 c bot. ISi-inrfc labisb 'X Xlfi 
He looks upon his world threatening to destroy it. Cant. 
E. end, that time '31 lailfifib lb^BX iY'apfi affllfi (read 


"ntb labisb "|1^SX) the Lord plans threatening &c. Y'lamd. 
beg. (quot. in Ar. with ref. to Ps. 1. c.) blB p^BX Vstl&a 
dViS (read 1»ViS Vs) He looks threatening upon His world ; 
cmp. Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII, 8; Yalk. II Sam. 158. 

]ib"©N, ^TSN II m. (iruXtbv, TtuXswv) gate-way. 
Ber.l6 b l'l^B»b 0333 Ar. (ed. ybtOS., Ms. P. ymafi mb, 
read isnn n^ab, Treat. S'mah. I, 10 nsnb). 

^T^S^III m. (pilleum, iriXtov) /eff-eap, hat &c. 
Kel. XXIX, 1 tBXI *>tt) 'X some ed. (others 'pV'B).— [Sabb. 
1 20 a 'jl^BX, yfb»B Ms., ed. tTpViBSt, read fi^BX, f^Sq. v.] 

nr^S^, v. preced. 

rfPD"©N, Pirke d'E. El. ch. X, read Wi-nOBix ; v. 

D"u"5H"£W m. (lTz\.\xzki\zi\c,) manager, commis- 
sioner . Tosef. B. Bath. X, 5 'alBX ed. Zuck. (ed. SlBiaVlBX, 
corr. ace). B. Bath. 144 b DIBblaVlB ed. (Ms. dlB^aiB, 
oth. var. v.Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 2 ; corr. ace). Men. 85 b 
dlB&laVlB ed. (Ar. DIBiabB); corr. ace. 

O'IDcs, sS lD pr.n.m. ( Sarapis, 2dpairi?) Serapis, 
the Nile-god. Ab. Zar. 43 a the figure of 'X 161 HpiJia 
ed. (Ms. b^BIb; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) a nursing woman 
(Isis) and of Serapis. [Cmp. Sachs Beitr. II, 99 and illustr. 
in Sm. Ant. s. v. Coma.] [Tosef. Par. V (IV), 2 Di&Xfi ed., 
read with ed. Zuck. d*iXBfi, v. "'XSfi.] 

* 5 IDD'Sltf m. pi. (iiuuToXai) message, injunction, 
last will. Ge'n.E. s. 74 end, ed.; v. iV>Bt>XII. Y'lamd. to 
Deut. II, 2 (quot. in Ar. ed. pr. ; oth. ed. ^IBb"*!). 

*ri^b" , 12& ll 5(S f. pi. (iTtiuTuXtov) architraves, lower 
members of an entablature. Y. Succ. I, 52 a bot. Mus. ; 
cmp. rrii^BbpB. 

nwfcs, v. x :? &bx. 

rrrrpnow mnpTtow v. tk»«. ■ 

■pISHEM, 'piETEM, corruptions of ^BIBX, 
T^OBiBX or of next w. l 

■ji" 1 ^^ m. (itpfir-nriov, ephippium) saddle cloth, a 
figurative expression for the protuberances of the human 
buttock; v. ^XI. Koh. E. to III, 19 (ref. to 'the advan- 
tage of man over beast' Koh. 1. c.) '31 1"to 11B3 yhBIBKI 
(corr. ace.) and an ephip'pium is pressed over it (the lock 
of the buttock) in order that he may not look as hideous 
as a beast; Gen. E. s. 17 'pIBiBX (and otherwise, to be 
corrected after Koh. E. 1. c); Yalk. Koh. 969 illBiBX 
libn hs rt&nB (corr. ace). 

^li*©"©^ m.(X1T*^B bs, v. X'l'TB'iQ a. next w.) litter- 
carrier, chief lecticarius. Ab. Zar. ll a (v. XIT'BiB for 
correct versions). 

ntwas, .nti^si*, Tiii^B t. P i. ^ :T *, 

rrn—t. sing.)'C|/""iB, cmp. b. h. I&isispa' to split; cmp. 
rna"i&, a. ni^BriB, rrixiEna) split pieces of wood, laths, 
slabs used for espaliers, also as frames for decorative 


hangings. <Y. Sot. IX, end, 24 c ; Tosef. ib. XV, 9 fTOW bax 
•ai'flnfiWK Xlft :but one may make lath frames and hang 
thereon whatever decorations he may desire. [Bab. ib. 
49 b .-W^BB; -Rashi •tV'iBi'iB sing.] Kil. VI, 3 napa -is 
'X on a portion of the espaliers. Ib. VII, 3 'X inia the 
balance of the espaliers (on -which no vine is trained). 
•Kel. XVII, 3 '31 **K (Ar. "iB; Mish. 'IBS) frames for hang- 
ings to which reeds were fastened from the bottom up- 
ward (crosswise) for support. Tosef Kel. B. Mets. VI, 6 
(a. freq. in comment.) rvhWB'iB. Ib. '31 fiaiXUJ rYnx^B 
,a frame (baldachin) which cannot be taken up by its 
handles and carried through the door (outside). — Ch. 
xniBiB, ST^B. V. also X^B a. 'iT^EX. [1 softened jnto 

■'/cmp. rt-ixisn.] 

*01T&B^D« or &T1&B1EW Y. Ter. VIII, 46 b «A 
'31 'X "paa, prob. to be read '31 XT*abBb "jlBa xi they- (the 
would-be captors pf E. Isi) had not arrived at Palmyra 
before all of them (the royal court &c.) were gone (car- 
ried into captivity). V. wait. 

■pbmm r.-r^m- 

p*®8 (b. h.; pSX, ypti, v. pIS, ppB, pSi, p3S; a) to 
break through, go forth; b) to be a free man, ruler) 1 ) spring, 
rivulet (ch. XT>2E).— PI. V^-m. Ab. Zar. 54 b bot.— 
2) ruler. PI. as above. Cant. E. to V, 12 (allud. to qfike 
mayim, Cant, ib.) 51' is 'X tarra they (the scholars) are 
appointed officers over the waters of the Law. 

\$3l;Ip^$=Xa'i"ii3' 1 B. Y. Shebu. VII, 37 d 'SI mia 
(Y. B.,Kam. .VI, W, 5 cT 'S1). 

.P'lb'jplD.JS (?) . pr. n. m , Aphikolos. .Tosef . Hull. VIII, 3 ; 

cmp. rfsipax. V. 'p.ip" , BX. 

■jlnipBN, "palp®*, ¥ . nex t w. 

|J3 lp 'SN m.(l7rlx(0(j.ov=comessatum ire; cmp.Sm. 
A.nt.SiY.Gomissatio; Plut,H r 726,Fragm.ed.'Wytt.) 'to the 
aftermeal entertainment /'=our,' Remove the cloth' . Pes. X, 8 
-^t'htJBM IfiX -p-TOBa y>8 after the Paschal meal one must 
not wind up by saying, 'Now to the after-meal entertain- 
jneBt';, (einp.. Sf^BBX). Y. ib. 37 d top '31 xm.&6B} "jiaip^EW 
j jn jprder.that. pBe^hpuldnot break loose from his comp- 
any a and ( 4Qia another.— T^ipiBK (£mxtou.oi) things 
.belonging, to the,afterrmeql,,(les.sert. ,IJ>.,Jbpt. '8 *<xa what 
jare epicomqi? „Mrmts,,s!tveet7m$QtsJto., v. latll. Tosef. 
,.jb.,Jl <3l,yia^BK,...,^^S,n,']"<X ed.,Zuck. (reiadftalp..) 
,we. must.upt .offer epik<mof,,.»s juits, dates&c. , [Pes. 119 b 
jS-UtVP 31 last ><X JXa^eems to be ^corrupt, text; prob. 
to be read: Vxiatt) lax 'X ixa '?\ X^aai *iax .,Xa9B ."iXa 
'31 fOs; cmp. Y. 1. c. top '31 X^IB 'X . . .; bot. 'X i»a 

■'sv»iffljt^iaa: .. . . t ] 

fcCpp"©!^ m. (IpB, v. next w.) an irreverentperson, 
scorner. PI. "'"OPSIN- iJS,ed..,23 a £1 & Tnsffll , for it occurs 
•'frequently' that disrespectful persons attack the scholars. 

"Dl'l'ip^ m. (Dips, .BDlarg. of *ipS, cmp. &3*&&e; 
cmp. • f DIpBJt) one irreverent of authority or religion, 

sceptic, heretic. [The peculiar form and also the mean- 
ing assigned to our w. found a ready support in its phon- 
etic coincidence with Epicurus, the philosopher; cmp. 
N.T.Acta XVII, 18. The derivatives of our w. and those 
of the plain root IpB interchange frequently.] Snh. X 
(XI), 1, the following have no share in the world to 
come ...'81 and theEp.; Y.ib.XI,27 d bot. )tllA laxi ]tVD 
'31 -X"lS& as the one who (speaking , of the Law) says 
(sneeringly) 'That book', or 'Those Babbis'. Bab. ib. 99 b 
(similar definition). Ab. H, 14 'stf> vm® na S*n that 
you may know what to reply to the sceptic; cmp. Snh. 
38 b ; a. fr.— P/.'^tnipiBX, a 11 *?...., "MpiBX. B.Hash.l7 a 
Yalk. Num. 764. Hag. 5 b 'Xa "jto iinTl ">8ahow shaU we 
henceforth cope with the heretics?, i. e. opponents of 
tradition (Jew-Christians; cmp. ^a a. Snh. 38 b ).— Cmp. 
XrfilpBX.— Denom. nittilipiBX, v. tWlipiBX. 

*"j"'lip' , SS, , ']"Tip"®K , only in '83 as ady. (v. preced. 
ws.) without restraint. Hull. I04 b 'xa ffcaxs rwasi Sps 
(Ar. 'pi . . ., ed. "p . . ., some ed. 'p">B>t, without prefix 3) 
poultry and cheese may be eaten without restraint, expl. 
ibid. '31 'Viaa &6a without intermission by -washing 
hands &c. *[A marginal note referring to the opinion of 
DlVipiBSt, Tosef. Hull. VIII, 3, has been mistaken for a 
var. lect. of our w., as &i>pS!S,. EnbplBK, ftlilp'-BK, DlbipSK, 
and another glossator, prob. thinking of facialis, tpaxio- 
Xrjs, added n^aa '"'B — all of which was interpolated in 
Alfasi a. 1., a. in Ar. s. v. •pTip'«X.] 

ril&nip" 1 ^^ f. (denoin. of OTflp^BX) licentiousness, 

scepticism. Kidd". 66 b 'X ia npltt (some. ed. n?£i-i ) 

scepticism (Sadduceism) came over him. 

^p^SS, .^rBtaj^BS (corr.'1BX)f.(^0X0T- 
raptiUtv) orig. playing at c'oitabus, or squirting ivine into 
a bowl; trnsf. (S.) the gourmand's practice of taking an 
emetic before meal; to vomit. Sabb. 12 a ; 123 ab . Ib.XXII,6. 
Tosef. ib. XVI (XVII), 22, Var. ed. Zuck. /pmapBX. 
Succ. 40 b ; B. Kam. 102 a ; Sifra B'har ch. I, end tnr*Bp ! 'BK 
(corr. ace). [A noun aitoxoxtdpiuii to which our w. 
would correspond, is not in the vocabulary,] 

wab^BS, Jt2^p^, ^i?b^B,m.pi.(ii A - 

iroxiXta, itoixiXxot, -ca) embroidered garments (quoted 
as Aquila's translation of napl Ez. XVI, 10; LXX 
TtoixiXa). Pesik. B'shall. p. 84 b . Cant.iB. to IV, 11; ,12 
Xnpi^BiX, XBp^BX (corr. ace). Lam. E. beg. - / p31»asin 
Xapbt) fllapbax (read obipS, and corr. ace. by striking 
out one of the two words as var. lect. that came into 
the text; cmp. Pesik. 1. c. note). 

,DiTp;&a, DHj^BS.'O'h'^ pr..n. P i.:^i- 

cmrus, a, town East of the Jordan . (Ptol. V, 16, 9), in 
Targ.. corresp. to h. rtasa. Targ. Deut.,111, 14, 0. "'pBX; 
Y. II 'p^BX niilp (Y. I corrupt 0YT'p'iB3KV'«nip). Targ. 
Josh. XII, 5; XIII, 11; 13. 

.^bp^Bftjl, v. ytytrti*- 

Wm^BH, v. xr^p&x. ■ 

p^p^,']^np!S&<, v. r^psx. 

0-)i?i£)K 1 

rfi&"1j3"©N, v. na-tgm. 

1 P"1|5' 1 B^, v . "-tnpSX.— 'pO'lP'BJt, v. "IpS!*. 

■ji-n^N, v. ^w. 

"|DO~P£!tf T. Shek. V, 49= bot., read yiatTlBX. 

. TPp&tfct, iTTPpom v. t»*b«. 

:jD« (b. h. t||rt q. v.) £0 turn, change, reverse, over- 
throw. Kil. II, 3 say not I will plant ^Bilx 3"nX1 and 
then turn the soil over (destroy the previous seed) XbiX 
TjBlX Ar. (ed. TjSin) hut one must first uproot &c. (omp. 
b31X fr. box). Ter.IX, 1 ; Tosef . Kil. I, 16 'Tl&i' 1 he shall &c. 
lb. end "[B^b ed. Zuek. (Var. ?[Bib) to uproot. 

SJDX, Af. ?pBK, Pa. TjBK'ch. 1) fo turn (act. a. neut.) 
also to turn around, to flee; to make turn around, to beat. 
Targ. Ps. LXXVIII, 9. Targ. I Ohron. VIII, 13; a. fr.— 
Y. Kil. IX, 32 c top -[i&» -pB8 turn around, turn around. 
Men. 25 b a. fr. -JIB^S reverse it, or, I reverse it. lb. ^al 
(lb H3BX msa how can you reverse it? Oitt. 69 b iT'SBSI 
let him reverse it; a. fr. — (With ilSiail)) to reverse the 
oath, shift the oath over to the opponent. Shebu. 41 a in a 
case where the Biblical law prescribes an oath yj*OSa Xb 
we allow it not to be shifted over to the claimant; a. fr. 
— Sabb. 31 a (lib -j^BSt he reversed it, i. e. recited the 
alphabet to him in inverted order. Teb. 63 a Fib 'N he 
said to her just the reverse. Gitt. 67 b iSBK TjjBTa they will 
do the reverse; a. fr. — 2) to overturn, destroy. Taan. 25 a 
Jtti-na Kabsb iTGBKl (Ms.M.S-inx-l) that I should destroy 
the world. — 3) (cmp. fiBD" 1 !!*) to have to do with, care for, 
mind. Y. Bets. I, 60" hot.; T. Shehi. IX, 38 c top; T.Brub. 
Ill, 21 b bot. (read:) '31 ias rrVtiB yb TjBBt ha what does 
the law about wicks concern us when speaking of the 
egg, i. e. what relation is there between the two? Y. Ter. 
VIII, 46" top '31 friSa ft -jBK ha what relation is there 
between religious laws and sanitary precautions concern- 
ing snake-bitten fruit? lb. '31 113BS Ha (corr. ace). — 4) to 
move about, travel, traffic. Ab. Zar. 31 b 13SX 5>"3 all 
the people are about, on the road. — 5) to pay in return, 
to retaliate, v. T[Bn a. "Wex. 

Ift^e.TpSm^Bnx, "is to change off. Bets. 10 b "war"!* 
-[Bn» (old ed. correctly ^BPlS, mod. ed. -[IBhttS "OlBhriX, 
Ms. M. "OIBhl) they changed places. Deriv. iMBK, X3B1X. 

^DBM, p£>K, v. preced. 

T\yOm, v. •*.»*. 

bSSS, only in Hif. b^BXh (denom. of bat* q. v.) to 
make dark, obscure. Sabb. 86 a bot. Ifnbssa b^BXa he makes 
dark by spreading his cloak (cover) over himself. Y. B. 
Bath. Ill, 13 c top 'SOI lalS the tree stands there and 
takes the light away.— 2) to be late in ripening, giving 
birth, &c. ; to have late crops. Y. Shebi. V, beg. 35 d D^5tfi 
HiVBXa years slow in ripening, when the crop is delayed. 
Gen. B. s. 99 HbB8a STUB) which has late crops. 

b&fc* ch. same. Pa. b^SX as foreg. Hif. 1). B.Bath. 7 s 
ibs nbBXa Xp thou makest my building dark, obstructest 
my light. 

b£)S<I m. (/CIS, v. S)BX; cmp. bax, ban) [thick 
vapory,] 1) dark. Sabb.86 a , a. fr. 'X rva a dark (window- 
less) house. — hb^SX f. dark place. Y. Naz. IX, 57 d 'top; 
Pes. 81 b 'xa, d^aa in water or in a dark place (cave). — 
PI. fem. hibi&X. Lev. B. s. 9 'X hixiaa dark alleys; a. 
fr.— 2) heavy, sluggish, slow, late. Denom. b^BXh, v. b&X. 

bD»H (^B&t), 'K )y pr. n. pi. Keren Afel 
(Dark-Horn), name of a height. Taan. 22 b '31 ai»ii» "IS 
Ms. M. (ed. Ilas^ffl) until one sits on j&r. 4/y and can 

bathe his feet in water. lb. 'X yip ib Xfvh ed. (Ms. 

xrom nWiii) I have seen (that place) K. A. 

$">m, v. kVuk. 


3D8» v. i^bs. 

TilDb&ltf Syr.=-|ili-lBaX q. v. 

■jtbSN, D^bB, ^TbS m. (pallium, TraU(ov) _p^Z- 
m«, a s&eef wor» as n cloak and used for bed-cover. 
Sabb. 120 a Ar. a. Bashi (ed. hVbiBX, Ms. M. "p^B, corr. 
ace). Y. ib. XVI, 15 d top ypb">S (corr. ace). Nidd.VIII, 1 
QYibBa pi Mish. (Bab. ed. Sl^blS, corr. ace, Var. yrt>&). 
Treat. S'mahoth XII iJlbsxa, read ijiibsxa.' 

&«3p^D«, NSIp *bZX, v. x&vm. 
09X, v. liasisx. 

■jin&bBa, < 

Stf'C©!! 1 ? pr. n. pi. l)(=b^aBq.v.) Paneas in Northern 
Galilee" (Csesarea). Y. Kil. IX, 32 c hot. 'XI X&i the lake 
of P.— Y. Hall. IV, end, 60 b (?).— 2) Apamcea in Babylon; 

v. x;ast?x 2). 
"TiBJB&t, inlT33BK=Trrftjft. 

'tDDDStf f. (oLTravtiQ=dniaVTif)(jti)' encountering. — 'xb 
(=el<; aic<MTr|V, h. nx"ipb) to meet, to receive. Tanh. 
Emor 22 -[ba bffl 'xb to salute the king. Pesik. B. Ten 
Command. 1 '31 "]b» btt) 'Sb (some ed. iBBJsb, corr. ace.) 
to salute his father the king. Cant. B. to I, 12 TOBxb 
(corr. ace): Y. Ab. Zar. H,41 b bot. ">BSB>; Midr. Sam. ch. 
VII riT-l 13-iBsb (corr. ace, or Var.^Bsb). [Yalk. Bsth. 
1058 iBSisb some.ed., read: "'BSSS.] 

pD^IDlDBN (ttTCttVTir)<70M) go to meet (to join battle). 
Pesik. B. s.31 translating kadd'ma panav (Ps. XVII, 13). 
[Cofrect: naTp "i naip Jinx sbss fib siiithb sit ub yx 
nb 'S rSB; v. Midr. Till, to Ps. 1. e] 

1 n p n ~ip2Si<, "pp"Hj?D& m. pi. (transposition of 
■pOi'iBp, 'with 5 inserted) caper-fruit. . Y. Sabb. Ill, 5 d 
top 'X Ar. (ed. t>). Ib. I, 3 e bot. tJiDi-lpiB (read yi . . .); 
Y. Ah. Zar. H, 41 d 'B. [In parallel places 'p&i'iSg q. v.] 

J^TlDBi^, J^inDS f. (nJB, v. tntt; cmp. Kttl&X fr. qs) 
Wjjper, (front), a kind of legging connected with a shoe 


or sole over which straps are drawn for fastening; oor- 
resp. to h. issa. Taan. 12 b 'X iaH3a (Ms. M. "WM"& pi.) 
having put on appantas (on a public fast-day). Yeb. I02 a 
'31. tola '8 rt^> flirt (ed. 'B; v. Ar. ed. Koh. s. v.) the 
panta is one 'from on' (referring to Deut. XXV, 9 'and 
she shall strip his shoe from on his foot'), and the thong 
a 'from on' of a 'from on', i. e. panta and thong are two 
coverings. Ber.43 b 'X3 X^X llaX &6l (ed. 'B3) this applies 
only to the panta (upper). 

^rOSStf, v. laaax. 

OlD&t in. (b. h., v. next w.) [extremity,] ankle.— Dual 
DiiDBX.' Yoma 77 b . Cmp. Di&BIX. 

&S5< (&£>&$) (b. h., /&&, v. &&S to cut off) 1) to 
be gone. — [As a noun: there is an end of . . .] B. Bath. 
lll a filial (1131) &BX (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) (the words 
of) Zachariah (to whom you refer as an authority) are 
(is) gone, i. e. they are no authority.— 2) homiletically 
used as though a Greek word (S.fs.i) let go, leave alone. 
Pesik. Vattomer p. 130 a (ref. to heafes, Ps, LXXVII, 9) 
. tJiBX X"la3 Xlrt ■'Jli flttfe it is a Greek word,, as if you 
were to say, afes (let alone) ; Lam. B. to I, 2 lax X"la=1 
OSX (strike out laxl, a. read &i&X) ; Ex. B. s. 45 ywh 
rtiirt OSX illi in Greek aphes means, (he) let go; Talk. 
Ps. 816.— [Gen. B. s. 40 (ref. to efes Jud.IV, 9); omitted 
in Yalk. Gen. 67,— an interpolation from passages quoted 


i. Afes, an Amora. £ 

&D&J dialect, for ym q. v. 

■p1bB8, read: 

"j^1&S5<,']" 1 3i&SiN m.(6^iov)provision,market- 
ing. Tanh! Tsav i '31 "pilOSX innbffl 133 (some ed. p . . . .) 
I have already sent the marketing to thy house (brib- 
ing the market commissioner); Yalk. Lev. 479 '|13&B18; 
Ific. 555 ■'pi&BlX (cdrr. ace). 

*n* i nriDDN, Treat. Der. Er. Till, beg. 'pblrt IV) 
'31 'X nx (v. Var, lect. ibid.) a corrupt and defective 
passage, to be restored from Lam. B. to IV, 2 a. Tosef. 
Ber. IV, 8, our w. being a remnant of HflBDa. V. Koh. 
Ar. Compl. s. v. I, 224. 

fcT'D&Dltf Erub. 100 b , supposed to be pr. n. pi. 
(Var.inBabb.D.S.a.l.note60 XiBlUX, KOiSttJiX, Xi&i&lt)X). 
V. Neub. Geogr. p. .348. 

*nrpDp&N f, (redupl. of b&, v. b&B) rake or pitch- 
fork. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. if one works on flax stalks 
(on a Sabbath) '31 3Hf1 'X3 with a rake (spreading them 
apart), he is guilty of an act resembling winnowing. 

PpE&SS! f. pi. (iricrxazia, to.) the fruits of the 
pistac'hib-ir'ee. Y. Dem. II, beg. 22 b ; Y. Maasr. I, 48 d 
bot. 'SIX; cmp. 'plxVx. 

m^DSSl f. pi., prob. denomin. of bBX (Dial' bBX 

I Sam. XVII, 1) of Ephes. Y. Dem. It, 22° bot. 'X ^lan 
Ephes dates. 

|"^ODN m.(obsianus, dtyiavoc) obsidian, a stone used 
as glass.' Tanh. Naso 23. Yalk. Ps. 842 'pialBX (read 
',iit?Bis). [Midr. Till, to Ps. XCI; Num. B. s. 12 ^B^p.] 
Cmp. iJi^iBS. V. miaisax. 

^TO^plDSS! m. (atfiiv&io^) absynth, worm-wood. Ab. 
Zar.30 a 'X la the bitter wine is that of absynth (absinth- 
ites); v. 11D31&B. ( 

Nn^&ElN, aOp&BN, v. XaipbBX. 

trpsm, v. aiosx. '. 

SOlDpSltf f. (ityumov, cmp. Tiib^X) provision, esp. 
supplyland pay for an army. Snh. 18 b 'X dlttJa "|ba the 
king (is excluded from the court deciding on the inter- 
calation of a thirteenth month) on account of the soldiers' 
pay (it being to his interest to create an embolistic year), 
lb. II, 4 : (2 l b ) (Mish. a. Gem. ed. 'BOX throughout the 
whole page, Ms. M. 'bBX) 'X )Ti^? 113 as much as is required 
for the stipends he has to pay. Y. Snh. II, 20° top XHibBX. 
— Pi. niiJOSN (doubtful, prob. W303X). Cant. K, to I, 2 
'X -j^rta rtifitt) (read pbfia, ed. hTOibBX, rtliJbiBX). Sifre 
Deut. 328; Yalk. ib. 946 hixiWBX. 

•sn^p&bx, a^psa, a a^bsa m . (a 00 r- 

ruption of axi'<pivo<;) (rope) twisted of palm-leaves, (v. 
Low Pfl. p. 118). Erub. 58 a ed. a. Ms. (Ar. XaipSX). 

"I&SIS, 1p£|1|^ m- (p erg , afsarj FL tQ Le yy Targ- 

Dict.I,'418 b ; <{idMiov) bit. Sabb. V, 1; a. e. 

6HdD« 0*TpBN) ch. same. Targ. Y. Num. 
XIX, 2.— Trnsf. the means of taking possession, as pos- 
session is taken of the horse by seizing it by the bit. 
Kidd. 27 a '31 831X1 'XI IB© the deed is valueless in itself 
as it is merely the bit of landed property. B. Bath. 53 b 
XS1X1 'X isa. the balk is &c. (taking possession of which 
is equal to taking possession of the fields to which it 

. *p l nD5ltf, ;^pnOS^ f. (supposed to be an adapt, 
of oipo&Tjxr]) wallet. Gen. E. s. 70 when Laban could not 

see flinipn&BX iBX (ini , Yalk. Gen. 124 'piflbBX ' 

without iBX, Ar. omits 'iBX, Lonz. XinplOCHBX, Bashi 
'B&BX without 'iBX) even his (Jacob's) wallet. [Prob. to 
be read rtim ipi&iSX lafl . . . or rtinipifflBX, cmp. Targ. 
Y. Gen. XXIV, 10.] 

5tf>S&$ m. (contr. X&X; corresp. to h. SOS; S»BX to 
color, cmp. rtBX) [the checkered,] hyena or leopard. PL 
X»S«JX. Targ. I Sam. xni, 18 (h. text DT?bx). 

TWplA m. (b. h.; prob. fr. SBX, v. XiB^X; cmp., how- 
ever foreg. w.) [the foaming,] viper, adder. Bekh. 8 a . 
Gen. B. s. 20. 

^SSi'J (b. h.; ^C|X; cmp. 33X, qBM, £)B3 &c.) to swell, 
to bend; to press, to surrownd, to heat, to darken, (v. 


"ifil*, CJ3K, b&K, irfiK &c). Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII, 5, v. 
next w.— Denomin. 

(or ■pBBK m. pi.) thick web. Midr. Till, 
to Ps. XVIII, 5 (explain.' afafuni ib.) when a woman 
weaves with two double 1 breads 'X "pSf-ipi in they are 
called afafon (aMn); so did David say '31 lil&BSt troubles 
wove around me and came over me doubled. 

fSK, DBItf (y^^cmp.yz^topress^queeze, 
contract— Part. pass. "pS!*. Ohol. IX, 3 a gap which was 
filled with straw fiSIB&t lit or was made narrower by 
squeezing the parts together (e. g. pressing the lid down). 
Tosef. ib. X, 6 hblSX a narrowing of the gap by press- 
ing. Y. Sabb. Ill, 6 C riai&SQwhen the wick is compressed 
in the candlestick. Ib. V, beg. 7 b biXlSSp when the 
vessels are closely packed. Y. Pes. I, 27 c top niSIS&t. 

yDNy f^X oh. same, esp. to use KSBit q.v., to dress 
or prepare with gall-nut juice.— Part. pass, 'p&l*, ■'pBS. 
Meg. 19" top 'St &6l Ms. M. (ed. '5) a skin not moistened 
with gall-nut. Gitt. 19 a TftoStl KM Bashi (ed. piBK) in the 
one case it means when the parchment has been dressed &c. 
Ib. ll a ; 19 b .— Ib. 22 a ; Sabb. 79 a 'S. 

SSiSS^, &C2S3? m. (preced.) [contracting,] gall-nut. 
Gitt. 19 a ; Sabb. 104 b 'X pa) gall-nut juice.— PZ. iXBSt, 
TSBS. Shebu. 41 b sq. Ms. M. 'St, ed. "S.—V. fHS. 

pSN (Af. of pS5 q. v.) to bring out, take away. — 
^mv&tothe exclusion of. Ned. 41 a ;>, stains, 
V. DSa, St2\ 

t^'lpEfet, v. nip^t ■ 

^HipSN f. (psst, v . pi&st) tta* which branches off 
the trunk, 1) neck. Targ. Y. Lev. VII, 30(20). Targ. I Sam. 
IV, 18 Ar. (Var. 'plBSt, 'p-iB, stfflpB).— 2) SSpiTl 'it fliflsf 
portion of the palm-tree where the ramification starts 
(Oth. opin. the ramification, upper portion). Succ. 13 a . 
Nidd.' 24 a '31 DtnpBX. 

fcWpS)!*, v. SW^bBSt. 

■pTrcabpEia, v. «bVi?iw. 

I^ltf, v.^pBlS, , . 

■j^DpD^, p^DpSN, read papabK. j 

fcC^pS^ f- (SpB) cancellation of obligations, ex- \ 
ceptional legislation, St3ba*i 'X a special royal dispensation 
(with reference to the suspensions of rights connected 
with the Sabbath and Yobel years). B. Mets. 106 a ; 109 a . 

arfi-lpSX (NiVnp^) f. (ipB ; v. bi^ip^it) mak- 
ing free, irreverence, contempt of the Law and its teach- 
ers. M.Kat. 16 a irkXS 'p'test? for contempt of the Law 
excommunication ispronounced forthwith (without warn- 
ing). Snh. 100 a 'pSSt i= ytrFO "va Ms. M. (ed. incorr. "na 
'13 "^a) does that look like showing irreverence (to 

(with ■'ttina for ■nnia). 
S"!i3, coir, as above.] 

one's teacher)? Erub. 63 1 
[Snh. 1. c. second time 'it 

dn^psx, v. rti-pm. 

*lD~lpBltf, Treat. Der. Er. X, Ar., read. into .....; v. 


iH'l&'lpD^, D ! l&"lp' 1 5lS f. denom. of )^pm q. v. 

^V^tHpS^ f - (v. Gl"npiBK)=xn^pB : S. Targ. Y. 
Deut/l, 12T 

IpHpS^, ^fcHj^EN m. (v. preced.) of an irrever- 
ent, rebellious disposition. Y. Snh. X, 27 d bot. 

TOOT> TOi?" 1 ^, ytrnjreK, tpa f . P i. 

(also used as sing. a.m.) ("ipB, witliformat.b; v. bll'lpi&St ; 
cmp.'pp'-tist, 'pb'ipB, IT^W. ?F?"!?&, a. %>51St II) undress, 
(negligee), whence underwear, the garment next to the 
skin, shirt, bathing or night gown, sheet. Y. Ber. II, 4 C 
top '31 n^n 'plsst he had an undergarment on beneath; 
cmp. Pesik. B. s. 22.— Pesik. Shek. p. 15 b sq. 'pDilpiBK 
(sing. a. pi.); Lev. B. s. 24; (Ib. s. 2 y&plB, 'pblpB). Y. 
Pes. VIII, 36 b top 'ita "TCaSari he who carries a skeleton 
wrapped in sheets; Y.M.Kat.I,80 d top.— Ib. Ill, end, 83 d 
na3Sa 'St -pat (Bab. ib. 22 b inib'lpiBX) his underwear 
(shirt) forms no check (but must likewise be rent; diff. 
in Bashi a. 1.). Treat. S'mahoth XII -pb^pi&St (Tur Yor. 
Deah 203 StpblBSt). [Pesik. B. 1. c. bWlpiBK, dnwipiBit 
corr.acc.]— Deriv. nib-ipBSt, "iftK &c, underwear. Ber.23 b 
one may wrap up &c. &c. inib^pSSta Ar. (Ms. M."i*ipBsta, 
ed. 'pIBSt) in his sheet. Nidd. 48 b 'Sta Epfflia is rubbed 
against their underwear (corset &c). Hag. 26 a SBJ "i&Stl 
I3lri> i— X Ms. M. (read FI5BJ, ed. b&i omitted) even if 
his underwear fell into it, (the vessel remains clean). 
Mikv. X, 4 S|nsa» inibplBSt »10 Iffiph Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. 
b^bp^BaUJ) the knot of one's bathing sheet which is on 
the shoulder. 

* J |i^pSN,']N^pDS!< (Ms.M.) pr.n. m.Afkashion, 
Afkashidn. Yoma 2 T 8 b '(Var. 'jffiPpBSt). 

S^DpS^, v. stnipsst. 

"IBN, Y. Bice. II, beg.-64 c bot. difflan 'St, yniS'X—. 
The entire passage is corrupt, and allows no inference 
that ^BSt means (=ia») to pass, be past. The text, pos- 
sibly read: "*)St, n~-OVO StinilJ iai hBWI difflah (p) "iBSt 

isni itt-13 ni3">na- na nnia iisa stii-iiu iai t-rossi b-nuttJ (p) 
'31 'Jiin "1. [i-m 11 'bast a. -nti >35t ibid, (read: va"\ sas) 
is a gloss referr. to S'mahoth ch. III.] 

~lD!^ m. (b. h.; ^E)8, cmp. past, flBSt) asAes. Ohol. 
II, 2 b^B1"H15 'Jt ashes of persons burnt to death (by 
accident). B. Bath. 60 b ; Taan. II, 1 nbpa 'St calcined 
ashes (symbol of mourning, supplication &c). Y.ib.II, 65 a 
pn2i ili5 i-iB : K the ashes of (the ram substituted for) 
Isaac. Gen.B. s. 49. Lev. B. s. 36; a. fr. 

i5!S; m. ( J/1B, cmp. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. NIB) pasture- 
ground (outside of the town), in gen. meadow. Bets. V, 7. 

~®$> ^"3P^I (rHB&O ch. same. Targ. T. II Ex. 
II, 3; 5 _ ' (Var! iTT&S*; Targ.' O. SW). [Y. Sabb. I, 3 b Tn 

16K, y. «rfn.] 

«nBNn, rnss (ans/w) ch.=h. ^. T arg . 

I Chr! XXI, 15 "31 T 'h'lpST '« the ashes of Isaac's offer- 
ing, v. "EX.— Y. Taan. II, 67 a a foolish son '31 WSa 'X 
is ashes in the eyes of his mother (Klin hy permutation 
S1SS; v. tY'X). 

N^flBN, a\5r©N, fi<^DJ-)D]j< f. (d* P « 7 {«, 

airpajia) inactivity, cessation of tabor, holiday. Pesik. 
Sh'mini, p. 195 a (v. Buher note 66 to p. 193 a ) if hoth of 
us open (sales) at the same time &WI&K ynUlS "OK lift 
rtmoa (Ar. Var. WS1S8, STJWBK, read OTSIBM) -we shall 
create a cessation of labor in the district (as all the 
laboring people will run to the market town on one and 
the same day; Yalk. Num. 782 bit from misunderstand- 
ing); Cant.R.toVII,2 S^-iSSt (read S^SIBX or SV"D:nBK)- 

Pesik. E. s. 41 R, Yonathan had goods with him 

O'flHS)!* STrY*iTI (corr. ace.) and there was inactivity and 
dull business in consequence thereof [for which Yalk. 
Ps. 758 rVOiab Vl3i iTVl &6l— prob. to be read bia^BX 
fepaxoc unsaleable]. 

WJTBN, -O^JnEW, WTIB8, &TIB8, v. 


bjPBStf Mekh. Yithro 6 '«a, read, as Yalk. a. 1., HSKa 
'B, v. iiilS. 

oiODrnBa, v. B1&51SX. 

rnBX 1) meadow, v. "iSK; 5 

.wm , 

»ms, s^-iwstib. 

^TQ"H"nB^ f. ('AtppoSiTT)) Aphrodite, aGreekgoddess 
(Venus)! Ab.Zar.III,4 'X ittJ ytlla a bath where A. has 
a statue. lb. we do not say, the bath has been built "ni 
'31 'xb as an ornament of A., but we say, A. is an orna- 
mental attachment to the bath. Y. Shebi. VIII, end 38 b 
'X Slrtb 'psVia squirting water (as a libation) to A. 

TTTn&K, read: 

'P'THISS m. pi., IJ'iil.B* (p^l^) f. pi. (v. 113 
"la'iB, K'nilj^B, Stbi'HB) those appointed over the outworks 
of a fortress, runners. Targ. Ezek. IV, 2 ; XXI, 27 (h. 


fThBltf m. (b. h. ri'-iBN; ms) brood, young bird. 
Bets. 6 b ;' Tosef. ib. I, 1 ; a. fr.— Gen. R. s. 37 'DTK bianx 
yesterday a chicken, to-day an egg (lost prestige). 

Stfrn'"©^ ch. same.— PI. )TO!t Targ.Deut. XXII, 6 
(Var. Trn&KJ; a. e.— N^rfhffl*. Y. Ber. H, 5 a . 

blBllBN, v. m 

D1D1"lB!S, read bis'iB^, v. fcO"ia^is:. 

frTHlH"]"©^ f. (tpop|3s(a) halter. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
IV, 6 T sq. : V. Wjacri-iB. 

D1B1HBN, read t«BlSK. 

mr\m, v. «™m. ■ .^ 

n niB5< Y. Sot. Ill, 18 c hot., v. TT1B. 

pnnBS, v. ma. 

mT2Tt3"lBN, read with Mus.: 

mOlIS iSfis f- pi. (apparatus) military engines. Y. 
Keth. II, 26 dT ; T (Y. Gitt. Ill, 45 a top rvmalBpiX camps). 

■]tH£!S!, 'P'H^ m. (b.h.nB*;=yiviB bs, ^b, tib ; 

cmp. Hll'iiBiBX, KTn&ia, xyyiB &c.) [o« a frame,] frame 
and hangings of a palanquin, litter of parade, esp. for 
a bride in the wedding procession. Sot. IX, 14 (49 a ); 
Tosef. ib. XV, 9.— Sot.l2 a 'SO ha^Bin (Pesik. R. s. 43 
SOTlSa), a. e. he placed her in the litter, arranged a 
wedding procession for her. Num.R.s.20, end, 'SO attJ"<b 
to take her seat in the litter (for the wedding proces- 

SJ"HBK m. (11B) [the leader], (avohit.) the king-beam, 
principal. B. Bath. 6 a . 

Wnm, v. next w. 

1"^~©SS m. ch.=h. p'lBit. B. Mets. end ii^aaS 'X 
VlSaffl '"lb ed. (Ar. b"lb S^i'-iBSt IT* On, Var. ^"flBiK, 
SV*i-iB"iSt; Ms. M. -pIBSt. Ms. H. Tp-iBX, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 
1. note) let a palanquin be put up for E. Sh., i. e. he 
deserves a triumphal procession. Cmp. KTP&1B. 

D^"]B5< (b. h.) pr. n. m. Ephraim. 1) son of Joseph, 
progenitor of the tribe of Ephraim. Gen. E. s. 98 ; a. 
fr. — 2) name of the expected Messiah, also called the 
Messiah, son of Joseph, in contradist. to the Messiah 
of the tribe of Judah. Pesik. R. s. 36; 37.-3) a dis- 
ciple of E. Me'ir. B. Mets. 87 a ; Gen. R. s. 85 nstfflpa 'X 
E. the disputant. — 4) *E. the Scribe, a disciple of Eesh 
Lakish. B. Mets. end (Ms. M. rtXBpa '»■ v. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note). 

^nm, v. r^m. 

(aj?nBH) ynsai pr . „. pl . (AMMi -a^) 

Africa, esp. Northern A., the Africa Propria or Vera 
of the Romans. Y. Shebi. Ill, 36° hot. the Girgashite 
'a6 lb -|bil emigrated to Africa (Carthage). Ib. 'a land 
like your own' (II Kings XVIII, 32) 'X 11 that means 
A.; Lev. R. s. 17; Deut. R. s. 5.— Snh. 91 a SOp^lS!* (corr. 
ace). Tarn. 32 a sq. 'X PO^Ia; (Lev. R. s. 27; Pesik. Shor 
p ; 74 a SOVBIp, v. ?]ttSh). Lam. R. to I, 5. NpilBKl &13TT 
Duke (military governor) of A. (Egypt &c.). — Denom. 
S^p-lBS, ch. "'Xp^BX Africans (Negroes). Sabb. 31*.— 
Targ.' II Chr. XXI, 16. 

^"IB^II, ^l?" 1 "?^ pr. n. pl. (supposed to be) 
Phrygia,'m Asia Minor. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 2 (h. text Tail); 


Gen. E. s. 37, beg.; (Y. Meg. I, 71 b bot. ; Yoma 10 a 
8"vaalS). [Y.Ber. IX, 13 c top; E. Hash. 26 a (of B. Akiba's 
journeys) — perh. belonging to preced.] 

aeiBK, Dtnm, v. w*. 

' 0*mD~llD^ pr. n. pi., prob. &iT>3iBX-& , h , -'p">BX q.v. 
Y.Gitt.IV,46 a 831-is 'X if a slave fled toEp., it is unde- 
cided whether he may be extradited ; cmp. &i"ia3X. 

■DTBN, Wr®$ v. -rx. 

"OD - ©^ Sabb. 45 a ed., v. Vws, i3*iB. 

tGHBjS! transpos. of tOBnx. 

npDIS^ (&D1DS) f. (t»1B q. v.) [the grinder, 
moving to and back,'] the hopper, grain-receiver on top 
of the millstone. Hag. 3 a ; Hull. 89 a 'BX5 "fHX hU» (ed. 
'B"1X3) make thy ear like the hopper to receive the teach- 
ings &c; Y. Kidd. I, end, 61 d 11H &D"iSX3 "j3tX Bp3 per- 
forate (make open) thy ear &c. ; Pesik. E. s. 10 rUD-Win 
'31 -|31X shake thy ear, like a hopper, to receive &c. 

2$Q&~l9!tf f.=next w. Targ. Y. Ex. XXXV, 28.— 
Kerith. '&&. E. Hash. 23 a . Ber. 43 a . Ab. Zar. 28 b Ms. M. 
(ed. Xh&B&X). 

^iaD-isa, ^tecna* Cpnbb&K) m . (v . k^b, 

DXTj; cmp. also &&^B,'j1a&ba) 1) balsamum. Yoina38 b sq. 
Y. Ab.Zar.HI, 42 c top; a. fr.— Lam. B. to IT, 15 'b&X.— 
2) balsam-tree, balsam-wood. Ber. 43 a . 

'(dTpbTSN) ViP&nBN, vpcns m. P i. <*&**, 

to.) peaches'. Maasr. I, Y; a. fr. V. pb^B. 

T£H£i< adv. (v. IplB) om the back. Ber. 13 b ; Nidd. 
14 a 'X 135 lies on his back. B. Bath. 79 a top. 

X" T jnB«, v. '^SX. 

rfi&j?~©N=ni&"ip&X. Ber. 23''; 24 b ed. 

©"©&$, adv., with ~b (v. ttTiB) /or « fo'we to oe defined 
(in the future), indefinitely, forever (h. !"l33b). Targ. Is. 
LVII, 16; a. fr. 

FTOHDi*, !"KIT)£5"[ f. (ttha) 1) separation, setting 
apart for a sacred purpose, as theheave-offering(T'rumah, 
for the priest), or a sacrifice (Korban); also isolation on 
account of levitical uncleanness, or on ace. of sacredness. 
Trnsf. the thing set apart, offering, gift. Y. Yoma I, 
beg. 38 a ; Tosef. Parah III (II), 1 STUntO irffl'lBX(n) m 
'31 (Babli Yoma 8 b inffiilB) the one is isolated' for the 
purpose of purification (because of uncleanness), the other 
for sanctification (for the services of the Day of Atone- 
ment). Y. Dem. VII, 26 b hot. fa ilin depends on the 
act of setting apart. B. Kam. V, 7 ">3t) in rnU^SIl the 
isolation of- Mount Sinai prescribed as preparation for 
the giving of the Law (Ex. XIX, 13); a. fr— PZ. 'rYiari&X, 
rtitth&ST Y. Shek. II, 46 d top 'X fflblB three kinds of 
sacred gifts. — 2) crossing the Ocean; cmp. UinB. Gen. B. 
s. 6 '31 mmi; Lev. B. s. 25 M2h&, 

./l£5"12ltf, ISrilCJlDit ch. as foreg. 1). Targ. Ezek. 
XLV, I;' a. fr. —PI. xnittiSsx, constr. niSnBX. Targ. 0. 
Num. XVIII, 8; 19 (some ed. riTO'nSX sing.). 

^riHDSSt m. (perh.=b. h.) of Ephratha, Ephrathi. Y. 
Keth..Xn, V 85* top 'X qW; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top 'X W; 
(Gen. B.s.100 ifYlBh).— PZ. STnBX. Buth E. to 1, 2 expl. 
"OX^B courtiers, noblemen. — Ch. yifrtBX. Targ. Buth 1. c. 
■pB.1 'X (in. Ms. our w. omitted). 

ttJDlSt, £5£plSt m. (ttt&X, jAt)X, cmp. yttn; corresp. 
to b. h. 1BB3, v. Jer. XV, 1) desire, pleasure; [only with 
personal pron. as suffix]. Naz.IV, 5 '31 iBSX i» I will not 
live with an offensive woman. Keth. Xn,'3 '31 Wrb 'X IS 
I cannot leave my husband's house. Y. Yoma VII, 45 bot. 
'31 IBSilU 'X IX I do not want the Day of Atonement to 
bring me forgiveness. Y. Yeb. XHI, beg. 13 b -pSWM 'X 
I am willing to marry thee. Num. B. s. 13 (alluding to 
Gen. HI, 22) 'X ijt DlX "rax said Adam, I cannot (do 
penitence). Said the Lord, 'And now', — said Adam 'pen', 
'by no means', 'I will not'. Y.Keth.VII,31 b bot. nfflX 'X "^X 
(read hfflSQ). Y. Pes. VIII, 35 d bot. il3aM2} 'X (read 'SOS). 
Y. Gitt. VI, 1 ; a. fr. Gen. B. s. 38 '51 13tfteiX ^t* we desire 
neither him nor his divine protection. 

' ntf at, v. ™ s . 
nnb©D», v. ^m. 

HOBjtf, "l^JD" 1 ^ ("lEJl&jt) m. (-HUB) division, space 
between, alternative, whence possibility; it is possible. 
Targ. Job XIV, 14; a. fr.— Hull. II 1 ' 'X 'Sfl X^il where 
it is possible (to ascertain facts), it is possible (we must 
do), but where it is impossible &c. Yeb.61 b sq. 'X f31 fX 
'X "OTa we cannot form an analogy between a case 
where there is an alternative and one where there is 
none. Sabb. 129 a m)> 'X t£> he has no means. Y.Sot. VH, 
21 c bot. ixfb 'X IX you cannot say. Taan. 3 b dbisb 'X i« 
'31 the world cannot exist without &c; a. fr. 

£$?©^I m. bread. Ber. 40 b quot. in Ar., prob. from 
misreading xnBi'i; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. Ms. M. 

S^PDN Ilf.^nB) extension, width, whence l)(archit.) 
a chamber or iving projecting from a building (with 
stairs from outside), balcony-chamber. B. Bath. 61 a (ex- 
plain. Si2£i). Hull. 92 a 'X Vftm 3"3 a synagogue named 
'under the balcony'.— 2) (bot.) stole, tuber. Lam. E. to 
1, 16, end '31 Xlpl 'X Xlil3 like that tuber of cabbage, the 
larger the latter grows, the smaller gets the former.' — 
3) pi. iRBX, only with Xfflol, spreading of night, night- 
fall. Y. Ab. Zar. I, beg. 39 a . Y. Bath. II, end, 13 c . Lev. 
B. s. 25; Koh. B. to II, 20.— Xfflal YiS3="1 'X3. Y. Ab. 
Zar. 1. c. ; Gen. B. s. 78. 

& n 0T©fct, v. aiiiBiaix. 

' T'MBISJ, v. ^^iix. 

^J^B&t, ^pri&ln m. (pr*, cmp. psisn) ladle with 
which provision is 'dealt out. Snh. 39 a 'XB Ws xna 

■ •pijnbK 


(Eashi Slipri&ita, Ms.M. (Tipffifia ST*fia) he (the servant) 
warned him (Ms. M. struck him) with his ladle ; (Eashi: 
struck him on his mck([), v. xnipSX). 

p'lflSDN Targ. Y. I Num. XIII, 21 Ar., v. fins. 

y^K I (b. h.;=SSSS; 3X5!, /as, cmp. Job X, 8; 
cmp. Saa a. r,saa) l) /m#w, esp. index-finger. Men. ll a 
'X 11 with this (the fourth from the little finger) the 
measure of 'a finger' is taken; Keth. 5 b . Y.Taan.IV, 68 d 
bot.; Lam. E. to II, 2 'St iSBlpa CSPaa) who had their 
finger cut off. (in evidence of devotion to the cause). 
Yoma I, 7 iYTlX 'K; Tosef. ib. 9 explained rt*>™ 'X middle 
finger; cmp. Tanh. Bo, end, expl. niSXax. — Keth. 71 a 
'31 'X IfilS Xld he (the husband) puts his finger between 
her teeth (and must expect to he bitten), i. e. has to take 
the consequences of not interfering with her vow in due 
time.— 2) any projecting limb resembling the shape of a 
finger. Hull. 61 a HW 1* the projecting toe on a bird's 
claw. Tarn. IV, 3 (31 a ) lasfi '» the lobe of the liver.— 
Pig. (like TO share, part Y. Pes. IV, 31 a top; Y. Ab. 
Zar. I, 40 a top, v. SXaX.— PI. niSaSX. Hag. 15 a ; a. fr. 
(mostly in the sense of finger's length).— Pes.ll2 b ; Nidd. 
66 a euphem. for membra virilia.—Dual b'sSaXN, b^?as». 
Cant. E. to VIII, 11 '8 Bfl^l one whose (index) fingers 
were lopped (stump-like). Ib. that whole trade of mine 
'eO j6k rvspa nfltH cannot be acquired except by learn- 
ing how to use the index-fingers.— Pes. 109 a , a. e. two 
finger lengths. 

. aSaSM, n¥* oh. same. Targ.Ex.XXXI, 18 ; a. e. 
— Ptsnsail*. Targ.' Y. Gen. I, 7 ; a. fr. Targ. Ps. VIII, 4 
•^ttoam Ned. 49 b ninsasxa with his fingers. Erub. 53 a 
we are SMatA X^pa 'X -ia (Ar. xnaslH) as to reasoning 
like fingers on wax (hard to be impressed upon), ftnaffliVl 
'al but as to forgetfulness like fingers put in seed (leav- 
ing no trace), v. Sfnja ; a. fr. 

"^liHK m. of a finger's length, dwarf of the smallest 
size.' Bekh. 45 b . 

■xr»asx,..v. »a 3? . 

*TQ!2Nj' f. (v. max, cmp.saXK) tongs, snuffers. Ohol. 
XIII, 4 (Var. iFiBDK); Tosef. ib.XIV,4 iPQX'wb, ed. Zuck. 
(Var. inasV KVt)' and for the snuffers belonging to it (the 

IfflJ Ar., v. WVnXK. 

■-X1SN, v.nextw. 

IKITfiBS f.,pi. amxis, sniTO (*ix, cmp. ^55 ■ a. aao) 
creeper, vine. Pes. 39 a (expl. WWitt) tibp*ft KTiXi* Ar. 
(ed. Mrmxg, Ms. M. sni&X, read SttJJ&S, E. Han. 8168, 
v. Eabb! D. S. a. 1. note); Keth. 50" SMStt. Erub. T 26 b 
KlapiTl KrVTiri StfttlXK Ar. (ed. s6piTl 'omitted, also in 
Ms. M., cmp. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) arkablin are the 
prickling creepers of the palm-tree; v. Stt*in. V. XHllXX. 

■KPirniSK, KTTirnSB* t 0TB)«y, noise. Targ. 
Ezek.Ml, 14. 

^11^, ^rfi^N f.(iS!* 1 /T!*,omp.asna.denom., 
a. txniqk) trough,\neading trough; also a trough-full, 
the quantity of bread baked at a time, batch. Targ. Dent. 
XXVIII, 5 ; a. e. (also as plur.) Targ. Ex. VII, 28 ; a. e.— 
Pesik. B'shall. p. 91 a '=1 '8 hi the entire batch of bread. 
Ib b (correct ace. to Buber note 198; Var. Ar. SIXIJ, S*rffib5<, 
v. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. v.). Cmp. ..SX'ttK.' V.* SW2H*. 

arfifTjSN, anrnxg, v. ^isk. 

am!lBS, v. K1JXK a. xrffiXtS;. 

"IDlStf, for words not found here, v. sub 'BOX, 'BB'W 

or 'ax^. 

^;"]^!!< m. (-ns) 1) destruction. Targ.Prov. XVII, 14 
(h. text stearin; for iJ>a!* ib. read II^BX, v.aaS).— 2) (caco- 
phem.) theatre, arena; prevailing vers. &0'"iBXSt q. v. 

)^m$, fO^BS^ as preced. 2); v. 1^BXK. 

' bllUm v. next w. 

*rfi ?13!!BK f. Qbv, v. HsB&Jt) covering, lining of a 
shoe. Tosef. : Kel. B. Bath. IV, 6 tatt) rrt>B3Wi VbTO ed. 
Zuck. (E. S. to Kel. XXVI, 4 d'teaalKh "tea™ ; Var. ed. 
Zuck. 'teaxxn; ed. bteaxxn) read '« rteBtHIJ the lining 
of which is off. ; v. a"rt. 

fccrcax&t, v. vtnm. 

STainbQitas!*, v. m^^m. ■ 

f. (-00, cmp.' &W1B&K, JWIBXS P.'Sm,'304 a." quot. ibid. ; 
cmp. V^aK) 2>fotee of debauchery, an opprobrious name 
for the theatres, arenas ko.. of theEomans, and a phonetic 
perversion of theatrwm, fliaxpov. Ab. Zar. I, 7 (16 a ) you 

must not build '=1 K^axX blTlS (Ms. M. KailBXX, 

prob. SO^BXS, v. supra; in Gem. 18b repeatedly "IBS!*, 
Mishn. Nap. ' SC^BSSt, in oomment. ib. KiYlBXS), expl. 
ib. 16 b '=1 bltia V© ipiVoS a building for public ex- 
ecution (court) or for public entertainment (amphithe- 
atre ka.y—Pl. nii'lB&X. Sifra Ahare IX, 13. [Men. 103 b 
-tea ^>tt) K11B&18 royal amphitheatre (?), v. Sfaia&IK.] 
[Tanh. B'resh. 2 nilXB^BbX, Var. ni&tnobBt theatres.'] Ab. 
Zar. 18 b rflXBTB&iite ^h'xb Ms. M. (e'd. niS^B-lBq. v; En 
Yak. 'oin). [For the vers. itJ'iaSK v. s. v.] 

TniasN, T7R$> i ¥$'§f® [rT^^^'P reced - 

end] f. (prop, pi! of 'xTBxit, S13DN, v. preced., used as 
sing.) same. B.Kam.IV,4 (39 a ) pna.X^rt ™ Ms.M. (ed. 
I^IBSK, Ms.H.a. E. a. Mish. Nap. I^B&JK, Y. ed. lilB&iK) 
an ox of the arena (that killed a person). Tosef. Ab. Zar. 
II, 7 '=1 .'po&Ka affll^n Var. (ed. Zuck.^ ■i,)l^ia&'iK ) ed. 
■jiSb&i») he who attends the arena as a spectator is like 
a murderer (countenancing bloodshed); Y.ib. 1, 40 a aaWn 
■pBXi&Cl (interchanging with 'jfiBKin ,theatrurn). PI, 


IT^BSK &o. Ab. Zar. 18 b Y'!2 iJBa 'xb •pVlh 'f X Ms. M. 
(ed. t=ixa> affllo ^ass ■pji'raxxai . ., v.Rabb. D.S.a.l. note) 
you must not go to the arenas on account of bloodshed 
(ed. to, theatres on account of 'scorners' seat', Ps. 1, 1). lb. 
Ms. M. repeat. ^BXX, cmp.'^lSX. Tosef.l.c.6 TWinX">xb 
(Var. ywnraxV f a'ii*iaxb) ; 7 'pavnaxixb (Var. ywiab, 
ywiBSi), cmp. nix'jEna 

(S'D~HiiN m. pi. (~12) travelling necessaries, pro- 
vision. Gen.'R. s. 60. Koh. R. to XI, 1. 

■'rna^"!!^^ y.«B»iBrTBbK. 

«^2HK, *WN, *?W i (■**, v. xniixx) cut, 

depression, (agric.) bed as a measure, row.— PI. xn^XX, 
XWXX, 'XIX, 'apX. B. Bath.l2 a '31 'X rtn (Ms. M. T/ 3^, 
Ms. F. XrT^nix'oJ) three rows containing twelve vine- 
trees each; (v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note). lb. 41 b he en- 
croached on his neighbor's ground "IX 'V/V\ ed. (Mss. "*X) 
two bed-widths. 

THSK m. (b. h.; bxx orbxa, cmp. »*ss) the joint which 
touches the rib, elbow (with or without *r). Arakh. 19 b 
'Xtt IS up to the elbow.— PI d^XX, constr. i^BX. Zeb. 
19 a top '31 'X IMS corresponding to the elbows (where 
the elbow in natural position touches the body). Y. Yoma 
V, 42 b bot.; a. fr.— (Chald.) Lev. R. s. 8, beg, ta^VrSfct T^l 
-pB some ed. (read ItV'XX) and the other has his elbow 
(arm) broken. 

^SFSK, !K£l?sK m, (v. m^y matting used for 
bailing dates, cmp. bnilt. [Oth. opin : the flesh sticking 
to the stone of half-ripe dates.] Gitt. 89 a a woman was 
betrothed xbttinn '{/a (Ar. XBXX) with &c. (an object of 

MTX&1, *Cp?§ m. (fxx, cmp.xnilXX) a common 
oeZ&J wsseZ. bT Batii. 144 a &0&1ST1 'X Vsj* Ms. (ed. 'S) 
even a pot in which fish-hash is kept. Meg. 16 a tVOl 'X 
XS3n Ar. (ed. '$, Ms. 0. XtTOS) night-chamber. [Targ. 
Esth. V, 1 XXIXX) (B^, read 'JW . . . of the night-cham- 
ber.] Hebr. 'pSES. 

*"j" i n n i5:S, Targ. Koh. XII, 11 a gloss of 'pxax, missing 
in ed. Buxt. a. oth.; v. y^X. 

i?!2IK ( j/bx, v. baa) to protect, spare, exempt from 
taxes. B. Bath. 55 a , v. ip&"wj5K.— [Bets. 14 a ibXX, v. i*)S.] 

3X1K or 5X!K (b.h.) pr.n.m. AteeZ, 4M, mentioned 
I Ohron. VIII, 37 sq.; IX, 43 sq. Pes. 62 b '31 'xb 'X yiS 
(Ms. . . . 'X la, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note, for var. lect.) the 
explanation of the repetition of I Chr. VIII, 29 to 38, 
and IX, 35 to 44 and the verbal discrepancies between 
the two records would load four hundred camels with 
discussion ; cmp. Rashi to I Chr. 1. c. 

3!21K.(b. h.; |/"bx, v. 'W>X, ■»;«) by the side of, near, 
with. 'B.Mets. V, 1 T" )ta I'bSX i-in thou hast wine with 
me instead, i. e. I owe thee &c. lb. 85 b Slpn.rihx *>a 'X 
by whose side art thou lodged (in the world to come)?; 
Koh. B. to IX, 10; a. fr. 

success, prosperity. Targ. Is. 

NWn^K f. (nix) 

XXXIII, 20;' a. e. 

^8, v. **. 

JT[S>2Z!K f. (b. h.; "(Si) clasp or brooch for fastening 
dresses on going out, in Talm.knee-band;'iia. Sabb. 
63 b 'X It rr-ra . what the Mishnah calls birith is the 
Biblical etsadah; modified ibid. '31 'X Mlh r-p*m birith 
has the function of the etsadah (Rashi: birith around 
the knee serves the same purpose as etsadah on the 
shoulder, to save inconvenience in walking). 

*1K£> Xtf or SS22N m. (qxx, v. S):r) trouble, labor. 
Targ. Prov. XIV, 23 "-[? 'xn p ^33 (h. text 3X5) in what- 
ever is a trouble to thee. 

' NDXN, v. xs*£x. 

TXlK (b. h.; sec. r. of IIS, cmp. 1&X) to lock up, hoard, 
gather; cmp. las. B.Bath. 90 b nYVS "HXIX those who store 
upfruit(for speculation). lb. '31 , )i , ns , is.'']i«; Tosef.Ab.Zar. 
IV (V), 1 (1XX a. 1X9 used promiscuously) you must not 
hoard up (for speculation) such things as are necessaries 
of life; [correct ta^aa© ro« -jISS ffliiB ta^im 'x yix 

rwsi nir&si]. lb. lixxb (Tosef. ixxb Pi.), ib. law; xb 

Pi. (Tosef. llXSp xbl, read xb; Var. liXK? xi). Gen. R. 
s. 45 end (play on -ixX1131Sa) '31 ^SSffl he locked them 
up in the desert &c. — T. Dem. VI, end, 26 a ; Tosef. ib. 
VI,4; Ab.Zar.71 a 1XlX (1X1S) government's store-collector, 
commissary (apothecarius), or read 1X1X q. v. 
Pi. 1Sl\N;, Eif. 1T4XS1, v. supra. 

1X1K I 12H ch. same. *Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 35 
|11S^1, 'Var. Tl-iSW, "pIX^). B. Bath. 90 b 1XX pIB 
'31 ib (prob. 1SX Pa.) go out and buy up for me for 
storage &e. 

Ithpa. nxxnx, Ithpe. ixxnx to be stored up. Targ. Is. 
XXIII, 18. ' 

HaS 1 ? w. (preced.) i*T*B "isx speculator in provision. 
Yoma 83 a ; B. Bath. 90 b . 

HSN'II m. (preced.) contraction (h. IXs). Bekh.21 b 
Xfllin 'X contraction of the womb (and consequent de- 
struction of the foetus). 

m~)!2bt, nil 'IK, read H11 rvhxix (v. 1X1X) stores 
of wind, name of the cavities in the, pearl-shell in which 
the pearls are seated, and which contain a kali; v. XJbliJX. 
Y. Sabb. IX, end, 12 b top. 

W§& V- Hlipx. 

SKn^PpSK f. (ifip) bluntness or looseness of teeth. 
Targ. T Amos IV, 6 (h. text '31 ',l"ipa) fit) rYpnpK==per- 
plexity. Cmp. XllpX. 

^lia^pOK, )il3nip^!K, m.(accubitum, toou- 
Pito-j) dining couch of the Roman nobility of the im- 
perial period in place of the older triclinium. Lev. B. 

s. 7 '31 'X b» 3&ia (Pesik. Eth. Korb. p. 61 a ■prjiaipri; 
Yalk. Num. 777 'pitf; ib. Lev. 479 'Dip, 'Sip; ib. Ps. 791 
'5Sfi &e, corr. ace; Pesik. B. s. 16, p. 83 b ed. Fr. ■puaipln) 
reclining on his accubitum. — 'X dfii, or 'K(I) SflBil firead 
used at the meals of the nobility, fine bread. Targ. Y. 
II Gen. XL, 16 ?raapp MriBil (read TiaaippXI XnS^I) bread 
of the nobles (h. text i*ih). Pesik. E. 1. c. p. 82 a (ref. 
to SinBSl drf> Neh. V, 18) 'pBSpprl sub. brfc; Pesik. 1. c. 
p. 59 a yrMpp (corr. ace). 

("IfrO^pStf, B.Bath. 73 a bot. Ar., v. it^&ip a. ilWMp; 
cmp. ^a^px. 

&^P^> ^Cl?^ f - ^^ what blunts or Rosens the 
teeth, weakening; 'fig. (v. Mekh. Bo 18, end) refutation, 
arguments. PI. NrmpX. Yeb. H0 b 'X llpapl isni (Eashi 
Var. StttfJpK Ifipa) they were sitting and raising arguments. 
Cmp. aWPfipX. 

D^lDlpN, v. diamp^. 

."jlpN m. (deriv. of H3p, v. ps) 1) reed-basket, used 
as a /SsWs com/". Kel. XII, 2; XXIII, 5.-2) v. ,pK. 

. "Sl^plS! f. (SSp, with 5 inserted; Mand. XSaip, Nold. 
Mand..' Gr. p. 105) cupola, arched vessel PI. nisoaMpK. 
Tosef.Kel. B.Mets.II, 8 d^iaaSffl 'X ed. Zuck.(Var/3aipN, 
cmp. ilJOaip) cupolas on turrets (a piece of house furniture), 
ornamental vases. 

D^lpS, a corruption of b^Vip m. (xoXta<;) eoZias, 
name of a small fish. Ab. Zar. 39 a ; Hull. 66 b top ; Tosef. 
Hull. HI (IV), 27 s-*Vip. 

^Sfip^ m. pi. (qp5, t|p) curlings of the web, ant/thing 
sticking out of the web (threads, knots &c). . Sabb. 75 b 
'31 '!* VipUTl )iV2 "Kfi whoever takes threads out of clothes 
on the Sabbath, is guilty of an act of finishing; v. SJiBB. 
Cmp. 8WIBI38;. 

'ItfETIpK, y. WWp. 

. .waiemps, v. Kwppj*.. 

KEJIpfc* m. (H»p) hard, hard-baked. Targ. Y. Lev. 
XX, 10.— Keth. 39 b . Sot. 4 b , opp. SOW. Sabb. 65 a to 
'X ilia anything hard— PL "voipx. Sabb. 155 a 'X ^ailri 
ed., (Ms. M. WX 1 "!, Ar. XTOXI).— Targ. Ps. LVIII, 10 
IBJipX (some ed. ?ffijpx). 

~lit2pi< (iTtap^) m. (actor) actor publicus, an 
officer who had the supervision of slaves and state pro- 
perty.— PI. TTiBpS. Mekh. B'shall. Par. 1 ; Yalk. Ex. 230 
'IX.— Targ. Y. Ex'. XIV, 5 X'Topix. 

'. "jlSD^plSl, "jiBp" l t3p pr. h. pi. Ctesiphon, a town 
on the Eastern bank of the' Tigris. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 10 
fp (for Bibl. Kalneh). Yoma I0 a (for Bibl. Besen) 'X hi 

2 Ittftifi* 

(Ms. "jlB&BpX TT; Var.TlSbiap; blB&ia). Gitt.6 a . Erub.57 b 
'Ob^pX (corr. ace. ; Ms. M. "rap; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

iSpl JUpsS f, (Itsp) whatever raises dense smoke when . 
ignited', hence roots, twigs &c. Taan. 24 b bot. 'X sfwitiyi 
(Ms. M. adds. XlWia; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.) she used to 
throw twigs into the stove (to make people believe she 
was baking). 

"'pN, read: ipijji (etxe) make room! Y' Deut. 
XI, 22 quot. in Ar. (v. Tanh. Ekeb, 4); cmp. Midr. Till, 
to Ps. XVII. 

&Tp!K, v. dTOpX. 

Dl^pS (Var. biVipS), pr. n. m. Akilos (prob. identic 
with bVipVq.v.). Gen. R. s. 1 E. Yudan relates 'X dtttt. 

■jis^D^p^, v. t^m- 

XpyX, v. x;ppx. 

"^P^> v - ^"tpX a. lip. 

aepinibplK, v. rutety>* 

J^T'.ppN f. (xXefc-Soc) key, lock, fastening. Sabb.89 b 
'X*l X33 (Ar.s.v.lip: XS3,Var., v. Eabb. D.S. a. 1. note 400) 
the tooth of the key, key-bit (Ar. 'the key-gate') ; Men. 
57 a ; a. e.— Kg. X*raa1 'X the key (to the store) of rain; 
aiY'm 'x the key (to the gate) of resurrection. Snh. 113 a 
(Var. ttrbp, XrinSa; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 30).— PI. 
fffypX, X^-iipX. Targ. IChr. IX, 27.— Gitt. 56 a ; a. fr.— 
Denom. lipX, v. lip. 

DIDbpltf, read biaixp, v. X^p. 

&5j?N Ithpe. of bip. 

^nS^pS^ m. pi. (aquiliferi) eagle-bearers, bearers of 
the imperial standard. Midr. Till, to Ps. XLV (some ed. 
'pix corr. ace). 

1"l^aptf , pJDpN Lev. E. s. 34 "pDilB 'X, read 
'i^apix, v. dip. 

JStriKlpX f, (dpK=dpS>, cmp. ffliaSS, SmattS; Syr. 
xnpa!*?, V. P. Sm. 243) spider. Targ. Prov. XXX, 28. 

1P^ ( der it- of hi P) to 9 row in stalks, produce stalks 
. Gitt. 30 a yptfi X3^S si (Var. flpXl lini) in the case before 
us it means that the seeds which had been despaired off - 
produced stalks (blades) again '31 JWiiia XMpS Sairfl Ifia 
when you might think this shooting up is something 
(enough to awaken new hopes of recovery), therefore &c. ; 
Taan. 19 a . — Denom. £W3pS growth of stalks ; v. supra. 

013p?tf, v. diJpiJS; a. STOpx. 

an*npl>?, v. Kr^SRK. 

fcttVPDpJS f. OSpn) being provoked. Targ. I Sam. 
I, 16 (v. ib! V. 6). 


wsy possession, -whence 'S ^IBlB or Ti "lotti an agreement 
by which one's landed estate is mortgaged in the form of a 
sale from 'date, independent of the loan to be consum- 
mated afterwards, so that at a certain date the creditor 
can claim the property, even if sold in the meantime, 
by referring to the priority of his purchase; deed of trans- 
fer (v. Bloch Civil-Process, p. 54, notes 5 a. 6 a. quot. 
ib.). B. Mets. 13 a ; H a ; 16 b . B. Bath. 172 a ans^ps SIBffi) 
(ilBIB, Ms. M. ib. a. B.Mets. 16 b SrV«ipX without IBID). 
— "^BS KfV^ipS transfers, or sales by symbolic delivery, 
v. Sja; -whence Aknayatha B'mane, adaptation of the 
name of a Babylonian festive time and fair (cmp. "ft;). 
Ab. Zar. 1 l b Ms. M. a. oth. (ed. "Ottfia sniipS.Var. rVhiSpN) ; 
[cmp. T. ib. I, 39 c where our w. seems to be rendered 

itfn"0ptf, v. preced. 

anpapa, atvpapa, v. snp^s. 
Thrpptf, v. Tm 

Di^pp^, b^tOtf m. (Shoi) worthy, adequate. 
Gen. B.'s. : 46 'lam &od~ Shadday' (Gen. XVII, 1) is trans- 
lated by Aquila&lipSI Slips Ar. (ed. &11&3S, BTO3S, corr. 
ace.) &£io<; and (xai) "xavos, adequate and sufficient (com- 
petent); cmp. ibid. '31 "pil it is sufficient for thee that 
I am thy protector. 

^Dp$ v. next w. 

"■j^^bl&fjN f. P l. (bUM^artUoxov) pieces 
of bitter aloe-wood. Targ. Ps. XLV, 9 Ar. (ed. 'jisibs V'OpX 
combine) (h. text Fiftnx). 

n"]SpN, JTlBpn f. (ISp, Hif.) getting excited, 
ebullition of temper, rashness. Num. E. s. 10; X. Ned. 
I, 36 d bot. they make the vow of a nazir ('!"[) 'S -pna 
inconsiderately. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 a . Tosef. Gitt. Vll 
(V), 6 (opp. yiSia). Y. Naz. I, end, 51 c pE/pH, read;. 

^SlISpS* f. (tpi,ip)curling the hair. Targ. Is. Ill, 24. 

■jimppK, "j^^mpp^'v. fKHW*. 

*^PpN f. (axaxia) the thorny acacia. Gitt.69 b Ar. 
(ed. sppS, c"-"* <"•" ■> 


^"1p!^ f- (dialect, for Slpfi in Yer. dial. q. v. ; cmp. 
var. lect. bel.) fort, designation of various, mostly Babyl. 
places. Meg. 6 a iSpsVlhl 'X (Ms. Qxf., L., F. SIpS; v. 
Babb.D. S. a. 1. note); Kidd. 71 b , v. iJpaVin. [Rashi : forti- 
fied ford.] B. Bath. 127 a , Kidd. 72 a , v. Sa5S. B.Mets.86 a 
Saasb 'Sa from Fort (Agma) to Agma (Var. lect. v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1.). B. Bath. 73 b , v. SWiart. Maco. 10 a , 
v.bip^p; [The Gr. &yipa,orig. summit, is a phonetic 

"'StfHp?^ m. (Sip, rtlp; h. fPptt) accidental, chance. 

msp&riptt, v. KBii^K. 

^P"Hp^ f - (Tip) [eroafcrj frog. B. Bath. 73 b 
'S (Vari snipllp!*, &c, v. Rabb. D. S, a. 1. note 3) S^IHI 
'31 *>S a frog as big as Fort Hag. (others read "O, a frog 
which was in Fort H.). Ned. 41 a 'S to WW saipS 
SIMS hiasi (corr. ed. ace.) a scorpion sitting on a frog 
and crossing the river. 

KH&TlpK, W&jlp,, $&&$. m. (xpifcTOS, 
grabatus) eowcfe, raised upholstered seat. M. Kat. 10 b iffla^ 
'S Ar. (ed. SBi&lpS, Ms. M. SIBiSlpS) to build up a 
raised seat (on a frame). [Rashi : SBi&llpS crib.] Kidd. 70 a 
'IpS la yvft sit down, Sir, on the couch ; (cmp. saaips, 
the Chald. equivalent of our w.). 

Stf'lJS! to treat, argue, v. 1*1!*. 

JS12K fowler, v. S1SIV. 

*&T!X, 'SISS (Ms. M. "T!3; Ar. s. v. S11a*>&: SIS 
or SIB) name of a /?s/s or fish-brine; perh. s;sis\.Raia) 
««/ or s&afe. Ab. Zar. 40 a . 

■5!>riN m. (b. h., Is. XXXIII, 7,=t«i», v. >5>S, cmp. 
^310N)' messenger, esp. (in poetry) angel. P£. ti^SIS. 
Keth. 104 a '=1 diplSai 'S the Brelim (angels) and the 
mortals seized the holy ark (strove for the soul of B. 
Judah); Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top 'SI t^plSi'; Y. Keth. XII, 35 a ; 
Koh. R. to VII, 11; IX, 10; v. ps;, pSa. 

3"1H (b. h.; l/lX, v. IIS, cmp. SIS) 1) to press into 
holes, to make holes ; to weave; join. 2) to look through 
a hole, to espy, lurk, lie in wait. B. Kam. 44 b , a. e. (ref. 
to Deut. XIX, 11) '31 -b 'SI it says 'And he lurks for 
him' &c, that means the intention to kill that man — 

Denom. naiis, sanis, 'bais, sais, snais. 

*"l!S ch. same, part. S31S lurking. B. Mets. 101 1 '; 
B. Kam. 85 a ; B. Bath. 168 a thou appearest to me S' 1 *iS3 
'S like a lurking lion, i. e. I have no confidence in 

5tf 3"ll!< I f. (ais to join, cmp. wis, nsr\) boat, B. 
Mets. T 101 b Slatll 'S aboat-load of wine;— Gitt. 6 a ; 
Kidd. 72 a '31 Sniijn 'S Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. S3^n) to the 
second boat of the (floating) bridge; cmp. Kidd. l.'c. 
'31 S5-nsm 'and jiow the Persians placed the bridge 
higher up'. [Oth. opin., v. SMIS.]— PI. iais. B.Mets. 72 b 
'SI ... . ■'B" 1 M the wheat in granaries and ships. 

iSSncs II f. a small silver vessel in the shape of a 
trough\=tV^y$ Ar.) B. Bath. 34 b (Coinm.: ship). 

^1^ layer, mesh, v. sails. 

^")ij lurking, v. ais. 


^SQ^^ta. pi. Arabs. Targ. II Chr. XVII, 11 (ed. 
Beck; oth. "WaiS). 

JliHS I m. (b. h.j til) locust (also collect.). Ex. R. 
s. 13; V a!fr. V. mis. 


*S$3 t l!2")^ m. (aiit, cmp. 3.1S) confounding of colors, 
thickness, whence feeble sight. Pes. lll b the following 
three things '=1 'it latn (Ms. Oxf. ttJUTO ; Ms. M. v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1.) cause defective eye-sight. 

ab^na, v. %]«. 

^iD^ill^ v. ftsaiit end. 

3iHi$I pr. n. pi. Arbel, Arbela, in Galilee, near 
Zepphorfs. T. Ber. I, 2 C 'it hSpa the Valley of Ar.; Y. 
Taan. IV, 69 b toil* (corr. ace). Y. Shebi. VI, 36 d bot. 
Koh. R. to I, 18 coarse linen 'Sta 'pstafi coming from 

bai^II (bl"l) (denomin. of next w., v. bal5>) to 
sift, shake. B. Mets. 26 b baistal ttbaiit iniijtl Ar. (Ms. 
B. 2Vi31KB, ed.baia Stpl=baiita) that he brought a sieve 
and sifted the sand. Snh. 39 a lilrtaiapl Ms. M. (ed. 
Sono. lilb 'ita itpl, oth. ed. liib lino) and shook them. 

Ithpe. baiiN (=yaiSttVK) to be shaken. Hull. 49 a tama 
Vail itltt it was shaken down (by the movements of 
the animal). [Targ. fen?.] 

'vtosr$, n^n, .^1? m.oi« l omp.™i«) 

we* teorfc,' sieve. B. Mets. 26 b ; Snh.39 a , v. preced— Mace. 
20 b xVaiita (Ms. M. iaisa); Snh. 89 b 'jta'.snan blast 
ate dates out of the sieve, i. e. did a harmless thing. — 
Targ. Amos IX, 9 i6aiS.— V. VitbaiS. 

"vlinN m. (bails; I) a native or resident of Arbel, 
Arb'eMte'. lb. I, 6.— Pi. T^a-lit. Gen. E. s. 19, beg.; cmp. 
Koh. R. to I, 18— [Tosef. Par. XII (XI), 16 'Xrt IBIS, v. 
next w.]— Fem. n^Slit. T. Peah VII, 20 a bot.; T. Sot. 
I, 17*;. IX, 24 b bot. 'X riito one S'ah of Arbelite wheat, 
[lb.. IV, end, 19 d top itaisa fillM itaplS la T31 Arbeli, 
supposed to be a place in Babylon. The entire sentence 
is spurious both from Mar Ukba's title of Rabbi as well 
as from comparison with Keth. 60 b .] 

"\rp$> m. (aiitl) coarse weft, opp. to yrme fine flax 
woo£ Parah XII, 8 'it blB UJ13 (Var. 'jail) the spindle.used 
for, spinning coarse material; [Tosef. ib. XII (XI) 16 ma 
"baiitri the spindle used at Arbel; cmp, Koh. R. to I, 18 
s. v. iaiiti]. 

wsn* v. Mivitt. 

n^"lpSib<, v. hsaiit. 
2?3~l!!< four, v. itsaisti a. nsaiit. 
^SQlM couching, v. nsaiitfl. ,, 

HS?]!"!^ I m., saiit f. (b. h.) four (frequently represent- 
ed by T '1)i Hag. 14 b '31 IbSSi 'it four men entered into 
theosophieal speculation; a. fr, — Constr. waist followed 
by singul. Y.Ber. I,2 C Va nsai&MpVa rWaiSt; Y. Yoma 
IH, beg. 40 b ; (cmp.Gen.E.s. 50).— PI. d^SSIS ('») f ort V- 
Sabb. VII, 2 nfiit IbM 'it thirty. nine.— Mace. I, 1, a. fr. 
'it nplb receives forty (thirty nine) lashes; v. ib. HI, 10. 

Wins m., 93nfc* Targ.O.Gen.XIV,9;— Constr. a) HSaiit" Targ. Y. ibid— b) isaiit, Tls'aiS 
Sabb. 73* (omitting the object numbered); a. fr. — Targ. 
Y. Num. II, 3; a. fr— Y. Gitt. V, 46 d top i?vns*1 "TOaiit 
four denars — Stnsalit, ittwaiit m. the fourth (day of the 
week). Gen. R.'s. 11; Pesik'.R. s. 23, beg. Ibid. p. 120 a 
ed. Pr. ifSaiit, ed. Prag itmsaiit. Ibid. p. 115>> rttWalip 
on Wednesday.— PI. 'psaiK forty. Targ. Gen. V, 13; a. 
fr.— Snh. 26 b rV*nsa 'it forty (lashes) rest on his shoul- 
ders, i. e. he is punishable (v. preced.) ; a. fr. — IDTaifct, 
iTDSSlit, lit? Saiit fourteen, fourteenth. Targ. Y. Gen, 
XIV, 5 ilbTalia; ' a. fr. Meg. 2 b 'ita on the fourteenth 
of Adar. Sabb!98 b — Mitl&aiit the fourteenth. Targ. I Chr. 
XXIV, 13. 

*fiS3"W II f. (sai) couching. Targ. Is. VII, 25; 
LXV, lV'it hTa (Var. JtsaiK, KWai) couching place (for 

arpssna, a^ana, nwanx, v. «*■«. 

NFQHN, &*2~lltf f. (an*, h. nais, b. h. .. diais pi.) 
[the thickly interwoven,'] willow. Pes. 11 l b 'itl kVib Ms. 
M., Ar. (v. Rabb.D.S.a.l.; ed. '§) the shade of a willow- 
tree.— Pi itnaiit. Sabb.20 b (Ar.' itriitaist ; Mss. '?). [Gitt. 
6 a ; Kidd. 72 a '31 itaiit the second willow after crossing 
the bridge; v., however, itaiit I.] V. StaiSI, II a. SttjaiS. 

»i~l£S, constr. Slitm. (v. Ml, h. SIS) something desirable, 
. . 'iTlaiU the choicest of . . . Targ. Ps. XLV, 14. Targ. 
Y. Gen. XL V, 18. 

3TS (b. h.; j/18, v. aiit; cmp. SIM) to plait, braid, 
«>eaw. T Sabb.VII,2 aiistn he who weaves on the Sabbath; 
a. fr. — Metaph. (cmp. iia) to argue, conclude, spin out, 
deduct &c. Ruth R., Par. 2, beg. (play on or'gim II Sam. 
XXI, 19) they brought a subject up BSliit itlill and he 
carried it to a conclusive decision. Ib. las "pllii* Witt) 
they argued with him. — ^Num. R- s. 4 (play on argaman, 

purple) 'ai ja i'ilit nih stTltt) for it (the purple-covered 

altar) argued Israel free from sin (pleaded in his behalf). 
Ib. s. 12 (same play on the word) '31 51164 SliTl and He 
wove (planned) the world so that all creatures should 
come forth each according to its kind. Ib. '(Q 'it the Sun 
weaves (ripens) food. 

Nif. Sliti to be woven. Y. Ter. XI, end, 48 b . Ex. R. 
s. 50; a. fr.' 

*Pi. *y», part.. Slita (emp.nsilis). to follow the 
grooves of the garden bed, to range, esp. to select the 
green and tender onions (v. pbr Hif.). Tosef. Peah I,. 9 
Slitan, quoted in Y. ib. Ill, 17<= top Slliafl u (corr. ace. ; 
v. Ml^a) a. explained ibid, 'al p^bnaii ;he who ; takes 


out the green onions for sale and leaves the others to 
ripen for storage. 

J"1$ ch. same. Snh. 48 b '31 ■ TSS 'itl and where they 
weave a garment (directly) for a corpse. 

^IflN, y. 11WK. 

TiiHlStf l)-pr.n.m. (b.h.asi«) Argob. Targ. II Kings 
XV, 25.-2) v. s«isn&. 

, frOS-lipl^ m. (^h.h.ub^) Oiblean (v. bna); master- 
mason. : PI. 'jtftaTSnx. Targ. I Kings V, 32 (h. text trtSS) 
IIKings XH, T 13 (h. text tomb). Cmp. bb^n&t. 

(also 'i)i . . .)=b. h. T lDanst purple (garment). Ban. V, 7: 
a. e.— Targ. Ex. XXV, Y;' a. e.— Tain. 32? 'itn b pU3^ purple 
garments.— Prb^lljn'it. Pesik, E. s. 33.— nirnsnjt. Lam. 
E. to III, 19 maib 'it fine purple dresses (for females). 

1^, ^l^/v.'ll^. 

I-Hltf m. (b. h.; r. init with format, t; cmp. 
ftocc, cftest (joined with tenons &c). Num. K. s. 4; Hor. 
12 a ; a. e. — Snh. 46 b fca&or (to bury, cover) might mean 
only '31 ,'X nasn Ms. F. a. Ar. (Var, Sns, ed. Tinx) one 
makes a chest and puts the corpse in. [Pr. n. pi. v. 

S^^HsS f. (m) provocation, evil deed. Targ. Ezek. 
XX, 2Ypi^^1p 'it (prob. to be corr. SWaniS, v. next wj. 

. Targ. I Kings XXI, 

22; XV, 30. 

D^'QSnSS! m. (Ipjaxr^i) working man, common laborer. 
Y'lamd. Korah (quot. in Ar.) 'it iniit MIDST (read "TllS) and 
made me (Korah) a working man (Num. VII, 9); Tanh. 
ed. Bub. Korah, p. 96 "YIN. 

raia, arm np3n& (win) pr. n. P i. ^, 

4»^i0a'(pnN T Schr. KGF T 228; Eragiza, Ptol. V, 15, 14; 
modern Razek, Koh. Ar. s'. v.). Sabb.l9 b ; Erub. 63 a JKrYin 
'SI Ms. M. a. oth. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. notes, ed. Minn) 
Hadta (Newtown) [Harta] near Ar. [Eashi: Argiz, pr. 
n. m. the builder of the town.] Gitt. 7 a HWiit,. 'it 13. 
Zeb. 18 b Winx (Ms. M. ifllSit, Ms. B. SWijnst, OTS1K, 
Ms. K. JfWlK; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 

"pttTlN, "jlttWlN, read l^llJinit, **$&* 
q. v. 

*OW, v. ftms. 

N^K. ^^, n ^"^ m. pi. (4p Y aX E ta, 
xa) tools,' implements. 'Ex. B.s.'40J beg. Lev. B. s. 23; 
T. Succ. IV, 54 c top ; Cant. B. to IV, 8 '=1 'it Wl iWl 
itself (the brick) and all the implements for making it. 
[Y'lamd. B'haaloth., quot. in Ar. 'it "to implements of 

TQaTIN m. (b. h.) ; purple-dye, purple garment. , Sabb. 
90 a . Kef. XXVH, 12; a. fr.; cmp. IllfW, . 

Tpniydb, v. next w., a. &iDl»init. ,.,-.•. 

•yevxapia, arg'entarium) silver-case, plate, table service (of 
silver or gold). Pesik. Bahod. p. 106 b faH*\» Ar. Var. 
CpBSlli* ed. Koh.; ed. 'piO'VlSX) ; Yalk. Ex. 271 ■'pB'WlK 
(cmp. versions ibid. a. Ar. s. v., in order to arrive at a 
correct reading of the whole passage). Y. Peah VIII, 21 b 
■pUSSit, "pniDSSnit (corr. ace.).: Esth. B. to I, 4 ' SiTBIilK, 
ifvve>it55nit (corr. ace). 

q^britf (Dtaojia, ehtib'njN) m. (a PT i- 

<jt?]<;) the brightening, epithet of various winds (cmp. 
Tttbit); West-North-West, West-South-West. Num. B. s.13 
'31 'it fill Niaa "flit I shall cause'to pass over the world 
an argestes in which both winds (the Northern and the 
Southern) shall do service;: Cant. B. to IV, 16 ''SIS; Lev, 
E. V. 9 SBbWK ;. Ar, Var. DiD&nSit. 

*p"T r l!2W"lN Koh. B. to XI, 9, v. iweoit. 

*"j1l5"l^ (read l,inisn!*) m. (SpT/opQM) a small silver 
coin, also called miUiarium. Y. Peah VIII, 21 a top na^ai 
'31 provided you do not refuse him his customary arg- 
yron (the beggar's penny) ; v. B. Bath. 9 a . 

TIN Y. Sot. II, 18 a top, read nnit q. v. 

&WHN I m. (Syr. itnns, v. Low Pfl.p.303) mushroom, 
morel. Keth.61 a Ar. (ed. i-nit pi.)— PI. tX*t% ^X. Pes. 
U9 b *)> vfhrnn Ar. (ed. ^^x, ^T^h "^T^ Ms - 
"b*ftX, v.Babb.D.S. a. 1. note')'; Y. ib. X, end, T 37^ 1^115 
(read ^"IS or ^> ip&). Ber. 47 a SfniK Ar. (ed. a, Ms. 
5t^"iSt). Ab. Zar. 38 a T18. 

5^1 jS^II prefix of Persian proper nouns, Arda. — 
Gitt. 14 b ' their names are bewildering ©iia . * . StJs^iNI 'it 
beginning with Arda-, and Arta-, and Phile-. * 

I'TIN, ^^"l^ f. (oipTapT), Syr. Nai^N, taahs) 
Artaba, a Persian and Egyptian dry measure (v.Zuckerm. 
Jiid. Masse p. 47; Sm. Ant. s. v.). B. Mets 80 b 8tyrW> % 
Ar. (ed. a^lit) an Artaba is an unreasonable additional 
load for a small boat called Arebah. Erub. 102 a Ar. (ed. 
xaiTiit, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 20). 


bD^TllS, bDTliJ; ch.form^^WS(*l*I!!t)m,,(p.rpb. 
from a place or country, cmp. s'baia'ix) artist, artisan 
(v. P. Sm. 370 s. v., a. derivat.) esp. architect, 'key-stone- 
setter. B. Mets. 118 b 'tib . . . i&Oa (ed. TW) wheij the 
builder has handed the key-stone over to the architect 
(to set it). Y. ib. X, end, 12 c ' VbTlK. Gen. E.'s. 8 "IN; 
ib. s. 27 "IK.— PI. V^-WSt. Targ. II Sam. V, 11 (la,, text 
lip pit ittm); a.e.— Erub.26 a '?nN Ar. (Ms.M.'%?nitn; 
ed. 'nil*).— it^3innit Targ. Ps. CXVIII, 22.; a. e... '■■■'■.■'. . 

^<T^ m - (<Jimin. of STlSI q. v.).— PL iVws, 

bDT)N, v. te*r«*- 

" l "l£H"lN Targ. Y. Gen. XXX, 87' '81 XlVi, a corrup- 
tion; prob. 'pa'iS'll nil, y. fra-ism. 

^S'TlN, "OBVlN m, ch.=h. l^SWri; v. \sttpri. 
Targ. x". I, n Ex! XV ,~25. 

DDpIlN, read BbpTiit or 

^P|?U"^ P r - n - P 1 - Artaxata, or Artaxiata, capital 
of Great Armenia. T. Erub. Ill, beg. 20 c . Bab. ib. 29 a 
^^Tl? ed. (Ms. M. b-'R&TO, Var. blpbTlS, bpT(9, v. 
Rabb. 'D. S. a. 1. note). Tosef. ib. IX (VI), 4 bpbYtt, 
(Var. blpbTlS, ^p.0*T-l5>). 

"YwTlS pr. n. pi. Ardjir, formerly Seleucia, near 
Ctesiphon.' Gitt. 6 a 'St ia. Erub. 57 b . B.Bath.52 a , v. Tvtflin. 
Yeb. 37 b 1165^15="?^, sub. TWiri; Toma 18 b Clflll 

TIN C"i«; v. lis, cmp. ^q) fo/, JeAota. Dan. VII, 6; 
7; 13." 

iTfiTN f. (b. h. ITz'iS, ais) opening, whence 1) aw 
aperture in the roof looking to the ground floor ( st- 
ing to the Greek hypaithron, Roman compluvium), con- 
trad. fr. vfefi agarretwindow in the wall projecting above 
the flat roof. Bets. V, 1 (3g b ); cmp. Rashi a. 1. Nidd. 20 b 
'S3 SalbS like a blind man finding his way down from 
the arubbah, i.e. hitting the truth by chance. Ohol. X, 1 ; — PL mails. Ib. 4 sq.; a. e. — 2) the opening panel 
of folding doors. — PL as supra. Toma 76 a . [Sabb; 43 a ; 
153 b ; Kel. XV, 2 read with Ar. mails.] 

H|TN f, (518) web, matting. Y. Succ. I, end, 52 c 
fiSSB '8 a mat (of twigs &c. for covering the festive 
booth) that became unclean. 

' •O^Mi-fl*, TW3JT1N m. (dpwrmfrn)* «*• 
§ai[A<ov) ^e^jper o/ 1 sailors, Arogbnautes, a demon. Gen. 
R. s. 63; Y. Ter. VIII, 46° top; Yalk. Gen. 110, variously 
corrupted TWiTlS, TiBiSiSIS, ^BiJSIS, bilB^M!*. 

NTN, pi. sm-is, m-is, v. s^is Ch. 

Tfl&f, N1T]N m. mule, v. 1*W. 

. iTHN f. (b. h.; v. KJ7I8 II) manger, crib.— PL nivis.' 

TlTN pr. n. pi. .4radws on the Phoenician coast. 
Gen. R.'s. 37 (to 4«;a<M, Gen. X, 18). 

"'NTYnN m. pi. (preced.) Aradeans. Targ. O. Gen. 
X, 18 (Targ. T. II ^"■p'T'BaS; I "W&Blb, Var. in Targ. 
I Chr. I, 16 ''SMbTj). " 

nwtin, v. w?^. 

N5TN. m. rice, v. sniS. 

*ND"n"]N, ND1TJN m. (a transpos. of ifTOSS, 
XIB&itf&aJfcr (Rashi). ' [Ar. cAaiw, Perl. Et. St. p. 21= 
PerV. arvis rope.} Yeb. 46 a '31 Ills IT* Wi Ar. ed. Koh. 
(ed. "'TIS, Ar. ed. STW1K) they put a halter around his 
neck (to prevent him from claiming his liberty). 

SjTlNm.fpl*) l)hng,tall,forting;v.mim.—2)(=1\r,2-, ' 
cmp. ^"is) well-arranged, well-balanced, thinker, a title 
of prominent scholars; cmp. ^"nst a. sa^it. [In legend 
intellectual eminence was identified with physical tall- 
ness.] Nidd.24 b Vina 'it arukh (the tallest) in his gener- 
ation. Kidd. 39 b '8 iVlSlt) bVl9 the world in which all is 
well-balanced (also called aiB *ttffi) i. e. *e hereafter.— 
PL d-W-iX. Yoma71 a 'it bm long life;— Eem.rians. 
Ber. I, 4 'it hfiS one lengthy (benediction) ; a. fr.— Y. 
Hor.II,46 d 'ta by the long road, slowly; Shebu. 18 ab .— 
PL niSIIS. Y. Ber. II, 5 C top, a. e. M13p1 '8 long and 
short roads, i. e. in all directions. V. next art. 

NDTN, v. sa-jsiii. 

!"DT)Nl f. 1) fern, of Tj1"iit.— 2) (noun) long board, 
longslde of bedstead, bedside, 'succ. 15 b b">sns TiiBl 'it 
the long bedside with its two knees (supporters); 16 a . — 
PL mails. Ib.I,8 (Var. mails, v.Rabb. D. S. ib. ad 15 a , 
note 1); Sabb. 43 a ; ib. XXHI, 5 (151 b ) fiBBfi 'it (some 
ed. mans, corr. ace.).— [Kel. XV, 2 bialhtTJ bv 'it Ar. 
Var. the long ranging boards used by the bakers: Maim.; 
the prevailing versions are mails or m'a^it; Tosef. B. 
Mets. V,4 hiailS, (Var. millit) basins or moulds in which 
loaves or cakes are shaped. — Var. Ar. m'S^S.] 

. !"DT)Nll f. (b. h. rWftt, MSIS; -p8, v. Ges. H.Bict. 
s. v.) the web of new flesh or skin on a healing wound, 
healing, 'it rtbsh to produce a new cover, be restored. 
Hull. 77 a ; 125 a ; B. Kam. 91 b . 

DTlSS! i) v. ^s.— 2) v. bTis. 

NDTlN pr. n. pi. Aruma. Erub. 51 b ed., Ms. M. 
Sail q. v. 

nNUTllSt Roman. K.^sains. Gitt. I7 a ; cmp. 
flSB^liJ. T 

"'DllN m. h. same. PL brails. Gitt. 17 a ; v. tfist, 


1"h&$ c. (b. h.; f\H or i-iS, j/'IK, cmp. ISIS, S31S, 
na^lS &c.) [joined together,] chest, box, coffin, freq. 
(=lt)'ii|5)n 'pis) the Holy Ark, in the tabernacle and the 
Temple, or in Synagogues. Yoma V, 1 'S^i Wlto reached 
the place where the Ark stood during the Eirst Temple. 
Y.Ber.IV,8 c top; Gen.R.s.55 (allegorical etymologies). — 
Keth. 104 a lB'ilprt 'S (figuratively) a good and learned 
man's soul; v. is-is— Kel. XII, 5 mbVti *>li) 'S the grits- 
dealer's chest. Y.Kil. IX, 32 b top; Gen. R. s* 100 Srim 

'31 (HSlpS) fiaipJ "Wi* let my coffin be perforated at 
the bottom. Snh. 98 b ' '31 '81 'X ^>3 ^ ^S there is no 
coffin in Palestine in which the Median horses do not eat 
straw (being used as cribs); a. fr.— P/. rwilK. Sot. 13 a ; 
a. fr. [Y. Keth. TI, 30 d bot. -pIKl, v. ^«I.] 

WllN (HDlUS;) ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXV, 10; 
a. fr. T Targ. GenTi, 26 (coffin).— Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d bot. the 
curtain 'K3 1* is over the ark containing the scrolls is as 
sacred as the ark itself. Y. Ber. II, 5 C bot. XpBS STW!* 
his coffin was carried out for burial. 

' "Oiiis;, "Oioa »• p 1 - (p r ° b ' p 1 - ° f w ' , " i!,< > s ° ° aiied 

from closing and opening like chests) name of certain 
plants growing in marshes and closing their leaves at 
nightfall. Sabb. 35 b 1J1N 11M jrta5&G 13115* Siaia Ms. M. 
(ed. iStflS S"N iS-fflJ . . . .; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1., Ar. Wl, 
Var. "Wis, Bashi ed. Sonc, Asheri a. B. Niss. early ed. 
"0X1K) in the desert you recognize the entrance of the 
Sabbath (on a cloudy day) by the ravens, in marsh-land 
you look out for arone. 

a^i-ia, v. ^. 
n^ins, v. mi-ws. 

"'pilliS, v. iplSIK. 
DllSSt, v. M*V*tf, II. 

to™, v. kw' ? *. 

^blTS, pb^T 1 ^ m: pi. (SIX) betrothal, prelimi- 
nary act of marriage, answering to theBoman sponsalia; 
promise in marriage, disting. fr. pKWiS, or fl&iSD, mar- 
riage proper, the latter consisting in conducting the bride 
to the groom's permanent (or improvised) home. [The 
betrothal carries with it almost all the legal consequences 
of marriage, excepting some modifications mostly of a 
civil (pecuniary) character, and is, according to Talmudic 
usage, preceded by a benediction ('&t fo'iS), while the 
act itself is performed by the bride-groom (or his man- 
datary) delivering into the hands of the bride (or her 
mandatary, or her father, if she be a minor) an object 
representing any value not below the smallest coin 
(P'rutah), whereby the purpose of the delivery is stated 
and assented to by acceptance.] Keth. I, 2 'Xh "]a ttSa'blK 
a widow whose betrothed died before marriage proper. 
Ib.V, 1; Yeb.43 a , '» H11S& the repast follow- 
ing the betrothal. — Metaph.of the relation between Israel 
and God, covenant. Ex. B. s. 15, end; a.e. 

fcwj^rw, v. Krjfls'i. 

fcnTl&t, Y. Shek. II, end, 47 a WO^S SOH&O,' v. tiTlX. 

■nru*, ainriN, v. ^. 

5~lN ( yis, v. 11X; cwp. tin) 1) to penetrate deeply, 
to take deep root. — 2) to be prickly, dry, hard. Sabb. I55 a 

"inxi I'm Zirin are called bundles of twigs which are 
hard, lb. 'K1 'pSttJ; [oth. opin., v. xnx]. Denom. Stt"ffl!S, 
MIIK, a. next ws. 

H!S! m.(b.h.) cedar. Tam.III,5 'IStisIB of cedar wood.— 
PI. 6in». B.Hash.23 a ; Taan.25 b ; a. e.— Metaph. prom- 
inent men, scholars. Sabb. I18 b I planted 'X i-roah 
five cedars (begot five sons who acquired renown). M, 
Kat. 25 b v. 3iw. 

Km ch. 1) s 
Zar.l4 a . E. Hash. 2 
Num. XXIV, 6; a.< 

Targ. Lev. XIV, 4; a. e.— Ab. 

.e.— PI. Tnx, s;ns, "his. Targ. 

. Ab. Zar. HI, 42= top. Sabb. 157 a . 
'ttl 131& "jiTit Zirin means twigs 

of cedars (Bashi XnXI); [oth. opin. v. V!!*].— 2) pr. 
pi. '& bft Tel Arza (Cedar-Hill), in Palestine, scene of 
massacres during the Bar Kokhba war. Yeb. XVI, 7.— 
3) pr. n. m. Arza. Tam. Vn, 3 'it p: Shek. V, 1 WKrt; 
Tosef. ib. II, 14. 

D^IDn^ f. (cmp. SOini*) arz'bonith, a species of 
locusts; cmp. »;aWlS a. tOWnS. Sifra Sh'mini Par. Ill, 
ch. 5; Hull. 65 a miani-t. 

jn«, v. » 

&G15~)N m. (=«nsnx) hammer.— PI. TsiTiK. Targ. 
I Kings VI, 7. 

■jinN, v. ttjk. 

SJO^lTlSS, v. ^nx.— ■'W-in, v. x^nint. 

^Pa m. (prob. plur. of nx) Joa;, cte£ (for collect- 
ing bone T s)~ Tosef. Snh. IX, 8 (ed. Zuck. 111X3, Var. yrtlKa). 
Treat. S'mah. ch. XII 'SO Kap&ta (one word inserted 
by a glossator to explain the other). Ib. fiYO (corr. 
ace). [Tur Y. D. Abeluth 403: dins.] 

m. (diinin. of SIS, KDIS) cratWe, hammock for watchmen 
in gardens. Targ. Ib. 1,8; XXIV, 20 (h. ilJlta).— Brub. 25 b 
"IS 13 XI-OSI Ar. (ed.'IlK; Bashi "HIS; Tosaf.'&IS) the 
roof of the shed has the shape of a cradle, i. e both sides 
slanting towards the centre. 

"^•J)"?^ m> P 1 - (' v - tWlSt ?• Sm. 374, cmp. SiSffilS 
Neub. T Ge"ogr. p. 396) of Arzomia. Taan. 24 b >«1 iSIK Ar. 
(ed. NJitlBI fBil-ll; Ms. M. iSttin&l) ships of the Arza- 
nians. Pern. ♦sttr^St'TK. Git. 70 a 'X 'pBTl Arzanian wheat 
(of a large size). 

NFE)'~I&<I f. (an) hammer. Targ. Judg.IV, 26.— Gitt. 
56 b . Meg. 25 a (Ms, «Bfit*xa). 

^Sn^IlC^nS^) f. (v. Sfit, a. i.?S?1^5in; 
cmp. L6w| Prl. p. 320)'Aj(peWcMW (barbatum), St. John's 
wort, a plant, said to be fatal to cattle. B. Kam. 47 b 
ISO Ar. a. Ms, H. (Var. SSTin, v. Koh. Ar.; ed. "1BK) 


under 'poison' is meant arzafta which may also be called 
pere (fruit, produces of the earth).; B. Bath. 20 a '""iX Ar. 
(Ms'. 'IX, changed into 'SX as ed.). Omp.-.Wnn.--. : 

.IT]N (b. h.; J/1X, ,v, TiK) 1) to go through; y. Tpnx. 
—2) to #o outside, to travel. Part. Unix q. v.— Denom. 

Pi, rnx (Denom. of mis) to receive a guest, to lodge. 
Ber. 63 b mxa!"!. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c™i. '.- 

Hithpa., a. Nithpa. rnxnn,, rnxro fo &e received, be 
the guest of. Sabb. 13 b a. fr. Y. Hall. IV, 60 a 'Xfta 

■ -*?> ■U?$ 9 n - same, esp. to take lodging. Targ. 
Jud. XIX, 17. [filx, Xfilx Ypma 82 b , a. e., Af. of 'rrn] 

Mpe. mxrix, contr. fiirix to dwell as a stranger, 
sojourn. Targ.' Y. Deut. 1,6; v. 1W. 

^" : V ^HT^ m - (Pieced.) traveler, guest. Targ. 
H Sam. XII, -4.— [Y. Ber. I, 2 d top Vt XTiX XtTIX iTin Xi, 
oth. ed. XhlX, read X^hB with oth. ed.].— J?. THIS, 
TrTnis. Y. Peah VIII, end*, 21 b , (read as) Y. Shek. V, end, 
49 b 'x mi filh he had guests, [xrhx patt, v. xrhix.J 

^^9 — P refix offers, proper nouns, Arta-. Gitt. 14 b , 

v. x^x n. 

"jiamK, fSBTX Yoma 11.; Yalk. Deut. 844; - 
Sam. 124— perh. a corruption of y&ns (a Jewish) tribu- 
nus; cmp. bliPa-ix. [Or pr. n.?] 

W'OmiA, v. x^aaix. 

"WHETIX Targ. Esth. VIII, 10 Levita, v. i!jWS. 

1DIT)& ^fcOEnirt pr. n. m. Artaban (IV), the last 
Parthian king, friend of B. Judah han-Nasi. Y. Peah 
I, 15 d bot.; Gen. B. s. 35; Yalk. Deut. 844; Vrov. 934.— V. 

a^triis, w^s, *^i™, wi'ia-M' 

pr. n. pi. Artabania (named after' Artaban, v. preced.), 
near "Pumbeditha. Erub. 51 b (Var. lect., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 

DOTSTtf Yalk. Esth. 1053, read Sivcnap or "TObX 
(Esth. B. to III, 1 WSWita, read '311D; v. "liianx). ' ' ':'. 

OipitFItt, v. a OT 

^^(p^b^j; v . rW i^. ■■ 
*owix, Dittos, wtna, ex. b. b . is 

D535 'XI, read: naina bi3i sail ^Xl but no juice enters 
into it, '3i iapa !Tft xii nsis iiu lai naws *p so was 
Pharaoh's heart made and it received not &c, ; v. Ter. 

X, 11. :..-'■'' 

^JJIO'-IN m.(cfcpT6xo7t04)M;er,'Xrm&afery. Midr.')iU5'!i<nia(Var.Tl''S) , lpimK q.v.) a rendition 

of beth hallahmi, I Sam. XVI, 1) to his (Jesse's) bakery, 
'31 «3 Sin© (read with Yalk. Sam'. 124 '31 Xia^ XTI1) and 
he (Jesse) shall come out (to the bakery) from Bethlehem 
.(to meet Samuel there); Yalk. 1. c. IXSpSIX, 'SIX (corr. ace). 

" 1 ~l!S|, D'Htf (y. next w. ; cmp. 11X) prop, behold, in 
most cases corresponding to b. h. *>3, that, so that, be- 
cause, if; but. Targ. 0. ilX; T,arg. Y. 61"lX;. v. fr. 

}SS I, ^"ItSj ( .j/'IS, cmp. *"i"0 prop, to point, throw, 
hence (in a logical sense) to argue, question, discuss, treat. 
B. Kam. 30 b iiS "pilX Xpla Ar. (ed. pn^!*, v. infra) 
since we pointed out the law about the dung placed in 
the street as an argument against Bab. Keth. 16 a ,i 
Jli ilxp ISO hi ilJtpll and he who raised the question, 
how could he raise it at all, i. e. the answer being so 
obvious, what must have been the impression he labored 
under, that he could ask such a question, or raise such 
an argument?— Y. Keth. VI, 30 d bot. )ViX\ larV lap )Wif 
the heirs should rise and raise objections (go to, law). 

Af. ■n-wx same. Ned. 2 b ypa "HiiX he does treat 
thereof.— Pes. 6 b , "3 iT*X1 ill 1 * incidentally of 
treating the question of... Kerith.l4 a , pirix "Qxa) 
'' f y t ya Xp the argument is up (about one limb). B. Kam. 
30 v ■pi-iiiK i3 when we raised the objection (taking our 
argument from 'the dung', v. supra), it was before B. N. 
had given his opinion ; a. fr. — Deriv. X^X. 

"HX, JT1&J (b. h.; ]Anx, v. lix) [to create a gap,] 
to pluck, esp. figs. Shebi.1,2 '31 iilixfj the gatherer and 
his basket. B. Mets. 89 b day laborers bixna 'Jinix l^hffl 
Ar. (ed. TVO; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 300) engaged in 
picking figs. Y. B. Bath. V, 15 a bot-; a. fr.— Num. B. 
s. 20 Tanh. Bal. 4 (homiletic etymology of arah, Num. 
XXII, ■ 6). 

" I ~I!!< : II, TV18 m. (b.h.; "*&, v. preced.) [the light- 
colored] 1) lion. ' B. Kam. 16 b main 'X a tamed lion; 
a. fr. — Transf. brave man; distinguished scholar (opp. 
isilD). Yeb.l22 b . Kidd.48 b ;Snh.8 b . Gitt.83 b ;Y.ib.IX,50 a 
'31 'XFl HX l^a^BJa "j^X you must not argue against a lion 
(scholar) after he is dead. B. Kam. 117 a ; a. fr.— PI. 
ni^lX. — 'xi aST a tail to lions, i. e. the least among the 
great (opp. head to foxes). Ab. IV, 15; Y. Snh.IV, 22 b 
bot.— Hull. 3 b , a. fr. 'X *r>i, v. IS.— [Gen. B. s. 28 rtmtoi, 'X, 
v. XlDpa.]— 2) Leo, Lion the fifth sign of the Zodiac (cor- 
resp. to the month of Ab). Yalk. Ex. 418. Pesik. Dibre 
p. 116 a ; Pesik. E. s. 27 (28, p. 133 b , ed. .Fr.); v. ixilX.— 
3) homiletic surname of the Lord, Israel &c. Pesik. 1. c.; 
Pesik. E. 1. c. ; Yalk. Jer. 259, v. ixilX. 

"H!!$., &0~IX (&W^Ttf) ch.same. Targ. Num. XXIV, 
9; a." fr'.— B. k'ets. 101 b , a. e., v. 31X. Ned. 62 b iflliaxi 
'X to drive the lion off, i. e^ to get rid of the tax- 
collector— Shebu. 22 b , a. fr. (lis TOU Xlfl 'X a lion lies 
on it, i. e. it is unavailable because it is forbidden. — 
Ab. Zar. 31 b a. e. 'X 13 son of a lion (of a great man). 
—Hull. 59 b the tiger is ixi^S 131 'X the lion of the forest 
of Ilai (v. Schorr He-Haluts VII, 32 ; cmp. Koh. Angelol. 
p. 103).— PI. Xfil^X, I^IX. Targ.IGhroh.XI,22;— 


Lam. E. to I, 9) 8hH1181'8 the lions of the Law (scholars). 
Y. Shehi. IX,39 a top. Y. Sabb. I, 4 a top '8 VS. 8UJ11 ibsa 
to put one's head between lions, i. e. to argue against 
the opinions of great men. [Yalk. Num. 771 '81 iXrai, v. 

argument, topic,' subject. Kerith. 3 b '31 181 !lini13 iaa 
in speaking of K'rithoth, where this (the punishment of 
extinction) is the subject proper, I may say, the general 
term of Sabbath &c. is introduced (relying on those places 
in the Mishnah where the respective laws are treated 
in detail). Yoma 74% a. fr. '8 8b 8h DllBa 18 were it only 
for this, there would be no argument (no difficulty). 
Kerith. 1 8 a , a. fr. '31 13 '8 18a why is the argument brought, 
up only on the presumption (that he has eaten? Supposed, 
he had not eaten, would not the same argument hold 
good ?). Sabb. 1 01 a , a. fr. 'X T*u is this an argument (i. e. 
how can you compare two cases so unlike each other)? 


N'HNl (b. h.) Ariel, Divine Light (cmp.Ps.CXVIII, 
27,v.i18II); poeticsurname oftheTemple and Jerusalem. 
Pesik. Dibre p. 116 a . Pesik. E. s. 27 (28, p. 133 b , ed. Tr.) 
mi8 Klpaffl matt (read b8i18) the Temple which is called 
Ariel (Is. XXIX, 1). lb. b8i18 81piffi! b81ffli (read IH18); 
b8i18 81p51» aira (read 1H18); b8i18 bill 11131 (read 
ST«1»; Num. XXIII, 24; Amos III, 8);. v. H.118. 

XHi& m. (ai8) something woven, web. Sabb. XIII, 1 ; 
a. fr. 'yT M. Kat. Ill, end, 83 d , what is meant by iini8? 
Ans. S1183 when it looks as if woven. Meg. 26 b , a. e. 
'8b lilts spinning the flax so as to prepare it. for weav- 
ing (indirect preparation or designation); Snh. 48 a illB 
fiii18b, (Bashi ai18b). 

nj"H!tf f. (v. preced.) weaving. Y. Yoma III, 40 c bot. 
U511p3 fnail8 their weaving must take place within the 
sanctuary. Snh. 48 a , v. preced. 

*V7$? Y - ''"I*!.— iflS Y. Snh. X, 28 d , v. 11118. 

TlFTHN (prob. corruption of tti18) pr. n. pi. Cant. 
E. to II, 17 (ref. to Itts ilh: ibid, 'mountains of cutting') 

'8 ins niisban ibunB us (not ibnuu, v. Matt. Keh.. a.i.) 

that the (Roman) governments may receive (their pay 
for) the massacre of Ar. (cmp. Joseph. B. J. Ill, 10, 9 sq. 
or perh. ref. to the Bar Kokhba war; cmp. ms&ia, Tp 
yiSaffl a. oth. Y. Taan. IV, 69 a sq.). 

Sjl'HN! pr. n. m. (Gen. XIV, 1) Aryokh, 1) homiletic 
surname of Nebuzraddan. Lam. E, to V, 5 (allusion to 
118).— 2) (cmp, Dan. II, 14) Aryokh, a title of Samuel, 
the contemporary of Eab.. Sabb.53 a . Kidd.39 a . Men.38 b . 
Hull. 76 b (prob. a Persian adaptation for judge). ., 

:.*Di^ i pr..n: 

Deut. 802. 

,^t2&Tn^,'v.iaeins.:.- : 

: Deut. 13; Yalk. 

n" 1 ")!^ m,(ni8) l)bond-timber, also smallbricks, which 
are placed at intervals between the rows of bricks (v. 
8m, Ant. s. v. Paries II); lath (of half the width of a 
brick). Erub. I, 3; B. Bath. 3 b ; a. e.—Pl. TtH1«. Y. 
Erub. I, 19 a top lims (corr. ace.). — 2) ariah, a term 
used in rules for writing certain passages of Holy Sraipt- 
ures metrically arranged, the short space filled out with 
writing, opp. Iiaab (brick, the larger space); v. E. Niss. 
to Meg. 16 b ; [Eashi: '8 the writing, rt53b the blank). Y. 
Meg. Ill, 74 b bot.; Bab. ib. 1. c; Treat. Sof'rim XII, 10 
'31 'b i"$ '8 small brick (lath) above brick, and brick 
above small brick (lath); e. g. (Ex. ch. XV) 
bis ... winsa is-. -ib muss lasb iia8ii 

ib Mil ni man its . ■ 313 nai 13311 

lb. '31 '8 y$ '8 small brick (lath) above small brick and 
brick above brick; e. g. (Esth. IX, 7 sq.) . 

nsti Knisiuia 

n8i ttsbi. 

IT")^ QVM* N'HN)pr.n. pi. irwA; [Tarichsea, 
South of 'Tiberias, Neub. Geogr. p. 21 b J. Y. Snh. X, 28 d 
'8 nnaiS; Sifre Num. 131 'XI KH3ia; Yalk. Num. 771 
81181 (Y. 1. c. ed. Zyt. ni18) Gufta in the district , of 
Ariah. Tosef. Kil. I, 3 ; Y. ib. I, 27 a bot. '8 .Dlfih district 
of A. 

JKFTTS, Stfh^Nch.(=h.rm8)faift, bar,pole. Targ. 
Num/xill, 23;/a.' e. (h. tsia). Bets. 32 b 118 fib b&3 
8115na ed. (Ar. 8)118) a binder of the brick wall fell into 
the stove.. Sabb. 129 a a house '81 8i3i3b 3U51 the width 
of whose walls was seven bricks and a half; a. e.—Pl. 
K;ni18, Tl?t%, T"!8, "j"»n«. Targ. Ex. XXV, 27; a. e. (h, 
3113)/ B.Bath. 3 a 1H18 I'lbno K'fissinare bondlaths. Y. 
Erub. I, 19 a top (also grills). - 

?|* "N I (b. h. T|18) to be long, to project. Targ. IKings 

VIII, 8, :: H Ohr. V, 9.— Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top, v. 8aa18. 
A f- .TjTtf 1 *' -P«. tp8 !) to be prolonged; to lengthen. 

Targ. Ex. XX, 12. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIIL67 1318a make 
appear long; a. fr.— Y. Taan. IV, 68 a "pali f1318a to live 
long; Koh.E.toVn,7.— 2) to be tall. Snh.loV b ."jusa 13 
when one was tall.— 3) to farry, wait, hope. Targ. Num. 

IX, 22. Tafg. Job VI, 11.— Y. Yoma VI, 43 d 1H32 !p3118 
wait a while. Y. E. Hash. I, 57 a bot. '31 !i3lia mm 
she waited a whole year. Ib. "|i3na 'llh. Y. M. Kat. 
II, 81 b top "(b 8311a 8&bi8 the ship will wait for thee. 

?pTS! II m., !AD"n!S. .f. (preced.) 1) long. Targ.Ezek. 
XVII,' 3.— Targ. Prov.'xiV, 17 mniSIln '81 whose in- 
trigue is long prepared (h. mata 11J18). V. 83118— 2) (part. 
pass, of ^18 to arrange) right, befitting. Ezra IV, 14.— t 
Succ. 4 b '8 kb 18 '8 is it right or not? B. Mets. 75 a '81 
and it is proper to do so. Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 2 ^IS '81 
is such a thing right ? 

?P~IIS m. (preced.) prolonging, retarding* Targ. Y, 
I Num. XIV, 18 (H liani '8, read nimi). 

h V.^$ mi (denoim. of ^11811, 2) preparing, dressing. 
Sabb. '33 1 ' Ili111}i3b flib'8 8p.8in wasdressing! (cleansing). 

his body. Keth. 103 b '31 SSSi^Kl I would dress parch- 
ment rolls of deer skins. 

cO'Hct m. (preced.) [one who arranges arguments,] 
Arekha, "title of a lecturer. Sabb. 59 b 'X rial Xias a 
great man, a lecturer. Esp. known R. Aha Arekha. lb. 
lll a ; a.e. Ber. 33 a ed. (Ms. M. Hiya) ; Abba Arekha (Bab, 
v. an). [In legend: tall, v. T]n*.] 

*fcO*HIS! f. (preced.) theme of a lecture. Midr. Till., 
beg. 'X ills 133 used that idea of R. Yudan as a theme. 

SO"Hl«$ m. (v.^1$tt) long, prolonged. Bets. 30 b Kali 
'X Ms. M. (ed. XttsilX); Succ. 45 b 'X sail an adjourned 
day. — Fern. XFpinx. Ber.4 b 'X fib&n a continued prayer ; 
'XililXS. a continued benediction on redemption, v. IrfelXS. 
— PI. xn3i"ix. Keth. 8 a 'X nUD the six lengthy bene- 

!"D"HN, rWTS! f.CyMt.)prolongation,length; (sub. 
t|X, or &i3S) forbearance. Koh. R. to VII, 8 "psrnu 'X 
'51 the forbearance which Samuel showed. Gen. R. s. 70 
SiJB 'X.- Y. Hag. II, 77 b hot.; a. e. dWX length of days, 
long life.— Gen. R. s. 64 dial 'X lapse of time. 

SiTfD'HN! oh. 'same. Targ. Is. XXXVIII, 11. 

&C] r D"HSS» f/(v. Tpx II, 2) preparation, future (v. "pi, 
Schr. KAT p. 549). Targ. Jer. XXXI, 5. 

D"H!Sj (D'HISt), pr.n. Arim (Arum). Y.Hag.I, 76 c 
hot; Y. Pes. HI, end, 30 b 'Sffi nnte,-v. tt^S; (Sifre 
Deut. .41 1113; Talk. ib. 681 Di"lSl»; Kidd. 40 b riffO). 

'j'TS'H&jj m. (IpTjp-a, x&) desert, wilderness. 'x dlpa 
a settlement in a desert. Lev. B. s. 35 (ed. "paiTrX, Ar. 
)lai1K, corr. ace). Cant. B. to VII, 11.— Talk. Jer. 257 
•paiiis, cmp. ni*iaini^. : - 

D* 1 "!!^ I'm. (bix) something tied, to the body (itspi- 
ajxjxa), whence an emblem set in a ring or chain (cmp. 
Deut. VI, 8 ; Prov.VI, 21, also Sm. Ant. s. v. Amuletum). 
PL 'ye^y*. Deut. B. s. 3 'X biJIB li n&i33n (read i3t!5) brought 
into his house two emblems (of. faith); the king, too, 
'X 13U3 11MS !lV t]pT had two corresponding emblems 
set for her. Ib. Abraham delivered to his children 
'X iJtti two emblems (which they should guard, Gen. 
XVIII, 19). 

. S" 1 "!^ II m. (bix) prop, bound, engaged, esp. tenant 
who tills the owner's ground for a certain share in the 
produces, contrad. fr. "113F! tenant who pays the landlord 
a certain rent in kind, irrespective of the yield of the 
crops. Y.Bicc.I,end,64 b . Y.B.Bath.III,14 a bot.1i-ilrtll)'X 
'X a farmer letting to a sub-farmer. Ex. R. s. 43. Lev. 
R. s. 1 ibi'lX his (the king's) tenant, i. e. Adam (in para- 
dise); a. fr.— PI. di&i'lX, 'Jibing. Y. B. Bath. 1. c. Y. M. 
Kat. IU, 82 b hot. Deut. B. s. 7; a. fr.— Cmp. tms. 

, D"n», ■ND'HS, ^to^ 1) same, also field 
laborer. T Targ. Y". Deut. XXIII,' 25; 26 Levita (ed. isifc). 

Targ. Cant. VIII, 11.— Ab. Zar. 21 b liasp hihlbiix 'X the 
gentile tenant working during the Jewish festive week, • 
works for his tenancy (not as the Jew's employee). Hag. 
25 b '31 'X . . . Xlil X3i1 it is the tenant's business to pro- 
cure kegs &e— *B.Bath.55 a "31 IS iJttWl Xbi"lXl Eashb. 

a. i. (ed. xnibi-ix, Var. •jtoi'ixi, yvtin . . ., istoi^ixn, v. 
Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note, Ms". M. 'tBilxn) that the tenant 
of the Persians is such only up to forty years (after 
which time he is considered a legitimate owner); v. Nim. Alf. a.l. [It seems that the Pers. Jews pronounced 
xiai*ix a. xniuji-ix, cmp. xsnizji* a. xsfibi*.]— PI. kjbi'ik. , 
Targ. Job XXIX,' 23. FXtoi'lX, v. supra. [Lev. B.'s. 28, 
v. XUbi'ix.]— 2) betrothed, v. 'bSx. 

V<% m>-)X poison, r.™<*u 

fitP'TS Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. IV, 8 ; v. rib^S. 

sTfiD'HNs f. (bi'istn) tenancy, ' condition of the Arts. 
Peah V, 5 'X3 as a tenancy; a. fr. —PI. Wbi'lX. Y.Bicc. I, 
end, 64 b 'X iiua owners of tenanted properties, v. FHjiSln. 

^fflD* 1 '!^ ch. same. Lev. R. s. 5. Ab. Zar. 21 b ; a. e. 
B. Bath. 55 a , v. Xbi^X. [M. Kat. 22 b , v. MjKJi'm] 

STS&'HN m. (corrupt, of X&i»bi1X, apia-n^t) break- 
fasting, 'in gen. invited guest. JP?.'")iB6"n» ) Xiiaemx. 
Koh. R. to I, 3 '=1 'X piat» let the guests eat (so'me ed. 
■pabilX, our guests?). Lev. R. s. 28 XHdilX (corr. ace). 
Lam. R. to IV, 2 'X 131a among the seated guests. 

pibianab'nN, oibniDCng pr . n . m . a?i- 

<tt6(3ouXo<;) Aristobule, brother ofHyrcan, son of Alexan- 
der Jannai. Men. 64 b ; B. Kam. 82 b ; a. e. 


^"lT2p"i"l^I m- (Spia-rov) orig. morning meal, later 
principal meal, dinner, repast. Y. Ber. IV, 7 b hllrt "px 
'3 'X y\A if ye are invited to a dinner, and the day is 
advanced, &c. Y. Snh. Ill, 21 c top 'X IS during dinner. 
Ib. VI, 23 c ; a. fr. 

"jlDp'HN II pr. n. m. Ariston. Hall. IV, 11; Y. 
Shebi. VI, end, 37 a (a Syrian land-owner).— Y.Yeb. XVI, 
end, 16 a 'X nn one Ariston. ['One of the P00M] apwrffiv 
mentioned Cod. Theod. Lib. XII, Tit. 888, Frankel M'bo 
p. 65 a .] 

rrp*liS! f. (-hx) cursing, imprecation. Y. Ber. IV, 8 C 
(play on Aron, the ark) from there d^l5& hxsii 'X curse 
goes forth into the world (for transgressors); a. e. 


KfernN or »tt5^, ^WD^IN, "JWS'HK, 


f. (laiX/v/D-iX) prop.' obligation, hence '(sub. T miSb) 'a 
meal which creates an obligation, a meal which is given 
in the expectation of receiving invitations from the 


reciprocating members of a social club, opp. SOSTffl the 
entertainment in reciprocation for invitations received. 
M. Kat. 22 b 'ffiHIiK Ar. (ed. SttllOilK, Ms. M. KniUBIX, 
read 'WIN). 

NTfn&t (nfthk) m. 0™, /i«, cm P . »™*i) ■««*, 

channel, dyke Targ'. Ps. CVII, 35 (h. text dSN) ; a. e — 
Hull. 107 a iStVll '« dyke for irrigation. B. Kam. 50 b sq'.— 
B. SPrm» CB^X). Targ. 0. Ex. VIII, 11. Targ. Ps. 
LXXVIII, 44. (h. text is 1 ;); a. e. Cmp. pi-in. 

I Iff? ( ]/"iN, cmp. 51N) to jom, weave; whence to 
arrange, plan; v. -ps.— V. TpXII, nam &c. 

•J")N or :J~11K (b. h.; J^-iN, cmp. Schr. KAT p. 497 
SIS; cmp. also ^1S to jjfe^, to 6e tall) to be [pointed, 
stretched,] long, tall 

Sif. Tj^Sh 1) to prolong, be long in doing. Ber. I, 4 
Tp'iiSh? Ilax they commended a lengthy benediction. lb. 
34 a ; cmp.lS-lN. Yoma35 b irfsSna fm staid long in prayer. 
— ftiai Wto live long. Meg. 27 b ; a. fr — Ber. 8 b , a. fr. 
TVQi IWNa his life will be prolonged.— bi3S, nil 'Stln 
to 6e long-suffering, forbearing.. Y. Shebu. IV, beg. 35 b ; — Y.Taan.II, 65 b bot. when collecting debts (punish- 
ing) naim "plKa he is slow in collecting (punishes in 
long intervals, gives extension).— 2) to be long, last long. 
Num. B. s. 20, end bt*Qn 'itn the point of the spear grew 
longer, v. infra; a. fr.— 3) [to lengthen the carrying pole,] 
to make heavy. Nidd. 16 b lii^S IWiatii Mas how heavy 
thou hast made our burden (through restrictive laws) ! 

Nif.^^ to be prolonged, grow longer. SifreNum. 131 ; 
Talk. ib. 771; (Num. E. 1. c. -pWl). . 

TO v. ipM. 

:j jN m. (b. h.) only with t|N, t)iBi* long-suffering, 
forbearing. Y. Taan. II, 65 b ; a. fr.; v. t]X. 

fcOTtfl m. (-1X; cmp. aa-m); pi. 13/1JJ; meshes, 
ranges', intervals. Sabb. 50 b . Gitt. 69 b . B. Bath. 3 a v. 
S3-lilN.--Targ.Bsth. VIII, 15 ihlShittl in its (the girdle's) 

&0"l^ II, fcOlltf, HD~I^ f. (-ps) duration, term, 
limit; extension of time. Dan. IV, 24 (prolongation). Ib. 
VII, 12 (set term).— Targ. Gen. VI, 3; a. e. 

fcCH^III f. (=h. iiDJilN) healing, restoration. Targ. 
II Chr.XXIV, 13.— PI. yona (f=11N). Targ. Ps. CXLVII, 3 
(ed. Vien. 'xahX). 

KiTQinN f. (33*)) (a rider,) the uppermost layer 
of a clay dam around a field. B. Mets. 103 b 651313 the 
first, xn&ti the additional (middle), 'K the uppermost. 
[Targ. Y. Lev. IX, 17 read SP-lS^St.] 

(D jN f. h. (v. tonsil) extension, a certain time. 
Num. T B. s. 14 (p. 259 a ed.. Amst.) '31 'N tan!: )n allowed 
them a certain time but finally punished them. 

rn^"!^ f. (331) l) the leg from under the hip-bone 
to the ankle, the knee and its surrounding parts (contain- 
ing three sections each of which is called 'N and defined 
bya different surname). Hull.IV,6; v.ib.76 a (alsortSttl); 
a. fr.— 2) anything joined, joint. Kil. VII, 1 1&S3ttJ 'Nrt 
(, Var. 3&&3.1D. naiian) thatpartofthe vine 
which is bent dowh and laid in the ground to rise at 
another place. Y. Meg. I, 71 c bot. T'a^ itt) 'X the lower 
joint of the Lammed. Kel.XIV, 8 '31 '& ^!B nn&a (Tosef. 

ib. B. Mete. IV, 15 WOO~\ Masil) a key with a joint, 

broken at the joint— PI. niMfflK. Nid. 30 b . B.Mets. 105 a . 

fcKTttDl&t ch. same. Targ. Bsth. V, 9. [Y. Maasr. V, 
end, 52 a JtViETl SK313N, read JS3131N or miSS; Y. Ned. 

III, 37 d bot.; Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 tl .]— PI. KrBeiK. Targ. 
Koh. XII, 3. Targ. II, Bsth. VI, 11.— K*SWlSt Targ. Job. 

IV, 4.— v. txeats"). 

pIB^DIS, v. ««is. 

■jiDHS, WID")^ m.oh. (=h. yjIKq.v.) ruler, elder 
Targ. IChr. XI, 2 {h. text TM). Targ. Job. XXI, 28 (h. 
text a-v»); a. fr.— Y. Ber. V, 9 a 'X "OS an elder passed 
by.— PI. T>?13"!N. Targ. II Chr. XI, 11; a. e.— Y. Peah 
VIII, 21 a (defective sentence); [h. pi. niablX, v. "jaSet). 

DilODiD"!^, &t33lD"l^ m.(S.px^,-osxoi) archont, 
city-magistrate, prefect. Y. Taan. XV, 69 a top. Lam. B. 
to II, 2; IV, 18. Gen. B. s. 76 OWfilK (corr. ace). [The 
office of a city mayor or senator in the Boman days 
was often ruinous to its occupants ; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. 

^"D"!^ m. (tpi, cmp. t|ia*i») prob. a screwing 
contrivance for bending wood; engine of torture, stocks. 
Bsth. B. to I, l b ; v; X&iiWI*. 

" I "?1^ I f - ("P 1 *' v - ' 1 ? M !? > an ada ptation of ap^rj, cmp. 
■|3-iN) term of office, office, court of elders. Num. B. s. 9 
whoever was signed as a witness '31 hSUJi 'HO (Kidd.IV,5 
i31S q. v.) in the old court of Zepphoris.— Y. M. Kat. II, 
end, 81 b b^slj rtsa he (the gentile) takes the deed 
to their (gentile) office for recording. Y.Gitt. I, 43 d top. 
— Buth B. to I, 3 npmi -|3a bffl 'X the time of thy son's 
accession to office presses. Deut. B. s. 2 '31 'N S^Jfl surr- 
ender thy office to Joshua. Ib. a prefect ibtt) 'iO nifttt} 
who was in his office; a. iv.—Pl. hi^it Buth. B. 1. c. 
p 'X 'X the terms of office are predestined (cmp. Sabb. 

30 a bot. '31 nisba 1181). [hisois, v. is^s.] 

^P~lXlI, 'X tV*-!pKiryathArkhi(=~ttiS) mip); 
v. preced. Targ. Josh. XV, 15; a. e. 

"0"1S$III (Greek pref. ap^t— ) chief of (gem followed 
by a pi.) as SiJii^ia 'S chief of the castle guard. Pesik. 
Bkha p. 122 b Ar. (ed. HWla il*J«, corr. ace); v. respect- 
ive determinants. 

" l p' 1 T 1 D"18< , Gen.E. s. 50 beg., Mus., v. IpTli. 

"]1 :, D'~I^ m. (Ap^etov, archivum) prefecture, public 
building] archive. Tanh. Ki Thetse 9 he went '31 VlB 'i6 


into the Egyptian archive; Pesik. Zakh. p. 27 a 'X mb 
Ar. (ed. yraist, corr. ace); Talk. a. 1. "pels (some ed. 
yraiK, corr. ace). Bath. E. to I, 3 11S1 'X Xlrf; as in 
the State-house of Gadara. [Ex .R. s. 5 fralK r^a corr. ace] 

architects) architect, engineer. Gen. E.s. 24, beg. K)M» 's6 
'31 to be compared to an engineer that built the forti- 
fications of a principality; Num. E. s. 9, beg. "paip i3ixb 
'IXDp (corr. ace, and insert MlBSSlB) to an architect that 
was appointed &c. ; a. ir.—Pl psiaptrtsix, popD/DiX. 
Y. Ber. IX, 13 a top "papa (corr. ace)! 

1' v aiD^n«, ■pbittb^, . . , d wb w, 

b^TDb^DnX m. (apxAV^O chief robber, leader 
of a gang. Gen. E. s. 48; a. fr. [Frequ. diab^SIX, 
divide in two words, v. "OIXIII, a.biBbi)j.] [Yalk.Ex.255 

■pdlBb^VoiX, "paid . . ., read pp^VQOT*.— Midr. Sam. 
s. XXV, end biBd^iaiX some ed., v. b^3bi31X.] 

*1"Hl!B'v' 1 0"H m. (read in two words, v. 'OIXIII, 
a. iSils) chief of the body-guard, executioner; cmp. 
11£&lp">Sb. Pesik. B'shall. p. 91 b 'plBi}M31X Ar. (ed. 
•pE^BIX, Var. flirt pix, laix yiW^yiVtoiaiX, v.Buber 

0" , TQ<P"'D~l!^ m. (6pxr)<m)0 ttecer. Y. Succ. V, 55° 
top ; Y. Sn'h.ii; 20 b hot. bab31X ; Num.E. s. 4.— PI. T»trt3lX 
or T'DiatWK. Midr. Sam. s. XXV, end b^lBO^Sia/ya'r. 
b^Bb^ix (corr. ace). 

•birtosnob 1 :™, oip^^rna m . (i . m . 

GxpaiTrfloz) commander in chief; also 'chief magistrate 
(v. dilPBlBbX). Gen. E. s. 58; (Ex. E. s. 31 'BIBdX). 

bUPTOb'D-li*, Gen. E. s. 58, corr. as preced. w. 

D'HBb'OIK, v. tmwis. 

"JTEa" l p" l P~l^, read liBptt"OlK. 

bD1», v. teixi. 

*P"]&$I m. fpX, an adaptation of apx<ov) elder, 
magistrate. B. Bath. 164 b a letter of divorce dated tWBa 
'X 151^3 (Var. pis, ^SOIS v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 3 sq. ; 
cmp. h ?lS) in the year when— was magistrate ; v. yWi.— ■ 
PI nisisix. Cant. E. to VII, 9. Oh. p'six, xsisix. 

"|3~li$ II m. (tpK) owe ^mwy long prayers, opp. ^I5j;p. 
Ber. T 34 a ; Mekh. B'shall., Vayassa 1 pIXa (read 'X na). 

ISSVDDTtf f. flail* I) office. B. Bath.. 164 b (Var. 
'32*iS, T v. 131X1). 

5<b3"lS m.(bai)fM*,tt>e«-fc«ea<ted. Men.43 a X1i»n 
'X thick ieaven of barley flour. 

■■^OBObniA,- bTOD""ltf, readb^paix. ' . 

*£"CH^P r - n-vl. Arkhath, Warka, S.B. of Babylon (v. 
Schr.KAT p. 94). Yoma 10 a (expl. EreJch, Gen. X, 10) 
'X 11 Ms. M. (ed. niS^llX, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.; Tavg. Y. 
Gen. 1. c. bin; Gen. E. s. 37 pfi; Yalk. 62 dIK). 

*!tfb~)l!<=X^1S.— PJ. l^S, 'paVlX. Targ. Y. II, Gen. 
XXXIV," 31 some ed. 

QlN pr. n. (b. h.) 1) Aram, son of Shem. Targ. Gen. 
X, 22; a. e — 2) Aramaea, Syria. Targ. I Kings XX, 1; 
a. fr.— 3) (a disguise for Kail) Rome, Roman empire 
(cmp. dilX).. Pes. 87 b 'X niilftX nillS bapb ed. (read 
'X ^!» . . . \>iabb; in Ms. M. 1 only 1"M Via&V, Ms. 2 I>1»'. . . 
d""al1; oth.var.,v.Eabb.D.S.a.l.note; Gitt. 17 a d^allX) 
to endure the severe decrees of Eome. 

NEH!$»- n^SHS m. (=h. "WIS) Syrian. Targ. Gen. 
XXV, T 20;'a.e.— B.Kam. 59 a 'X ttbpl Ms. (ed. 'XI corr. 
ace) Syrian palm-tree.— Fern. XhiHIX. Targ. I Chr. VII, 
14 (ed. Eahrn. xnialX).— PI. m/iXJaix. Targ. II Chr. 
XXII, 5; f. xrWalX. Sabb. 29 a Syrian- (dates).— Cmp. 

^HiK, I^^N f.=XhlalX 2). Targ. Ex. XXIX, 24 ; 

rn$im§ v. *$%. 

mUltt, v. next w. 

^an^^a^h., *wik, ns™, nan™ 

ch. m. (=b. h. i'sIX) Syrian^ in gen. gentile, Roman; 
cmp. W 2). Targ.' 0. Lev. XXV, 47.— Y.Shebi. IV,35 ab 
^alia 'X in (Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b t!M ia in). a gentile in Eome. 
lb. '31 ""IIP IX (prob. plur.) either be Jewish Jews (liv- 
ing as Jews ought to) or gentile gentiles (EomanEomans). 
Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 41 c top '31 X*">a1X the leather bottle of 
an Aramaean (or gentile) hurst open. Yeb. 45 b nxaix ia 
son of a gentile. Hull. 97 a ; a. fr.— PI. ixaix. Targ. Y. 
Deut. XXXII, 24 (Eo»«»s); a.e.— Ab.Zar.31 b .— Gitt.l7 a 
ixaiix (Romans). Gen. E. s. 63 TXalX. Koh. E. to 
VII, 11 palX.— Num. E. s. 7 d^XalX T (Kel. I, 8 dl"3S); 
a. fr. [Lev. T B. s. 34 "pxalxa "jinfit, read TXalPa, v. W.] 
—Fern. XrWalX. Yeb. 1. c. V. XB1X. 

"]1DTtfI m. (b. h., prob. fr. d1X=din) enclosure, 
palace (poetic). Ab. Zar. 24 b praised 'X l^aia in the inner- 
most of the Palace (Temple). [Ex. E. s. 5 'X !n"ia ; Pesik. 
Zakh. p. 27 a , v. , )i'»3"lX.] Cmp. dIX Schr. KAT p. 536. 

yiUll^II Armon. Yeb. 45 a captives com- 
ing from A. (v. Neub. Geogr. p. 371; prob. ident. with 

]iQ"lNlII m. (v. pais) platanus, the oriental plane. 
d^iiaix.' Gen. E. s. 15, beg.; (E. Hash. 23 a ; B. Bath. 
81 a 'IS)- 

^D1D"li<, "IK f. (bll) 1) raising, rising. Tavg. Is. 
XIX, 16; a. e. — 2) waving, heave-offering. Targ. 0. Ex. 


XXIX, 27; a. e.— PL XrYrana, const. HWS. Targ. 0. 
Num. XVIII, 11 (Var. nwn'st sing.). 

^SinSSl m., n»!t f. 1) (b. h.) 4ra»wfflea?i, Aramaic, 
Ghal'da'ic! [Targ. II kings XVIII, 26.]— 'S yn»i Chaldaic. 
Sabb. I2 b ; a. fr.— 2) (^aiiX; v. b^K 3) Romish, Roman, 
heathen. [Owing to Christian censors as well as timid 
Jewish copyists, many of the passages originally referring 
to Romans, Christians, &c, have been altered by sub- 
stituting Arammi, Kuthi, Qoy &c.,so that only by keen 
criticism their real application can be ascertained.] — 
'E&ra. gentile woman. Ber.8 b (Ms.M. rVSWIX). Snh. IX, 6;— Y.Meg.I,71 c top moist Latin; v. «ia.— FLtrmii* 
Meg. ll a (some ed. Qii&IB; Ms. M. a^ailj'sifra B'hukk! 
Par. II, ch. 8 bliiibBbX). V. "WlX. 

SSilvDnNl f. (preced.) gentile ways, Romedom, idol- 
atry, &c. Meg'. Ill (IV), 9 (25 a ) whoever translates (I/ev. 
XVIII, 21), 'Of thy seed thou shalt give none K"OSj6 
'S3 (Ms.Lond. KmalN "i-liasxi, v. Var. in Rabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note) to become with child in Romedom (identifying 
Molokh with Rome and misinterpreting I'haabir for the 
purpose of making it applicable to sexual connection 
• with Romans) must be silenced with a sharp rebuke (v. 
ClS-nS); cmp. Targ. T. Lev. 1. c— Ab. Zar. 70 a "p^ri 13 
irfnaisa (Ms. M. NrVma -Wl) when we were yet in our 
heathendom (prior to our conversion). 

■wis, j^q-in, v. -wi*. 

Dl?" 1 /^"!!^ pr.n.m. (a disguise of Romulus, 'Pcojau- 
Xo4=Rome) Armilus, a mythical person age, representative 
of wickedness, answering to the Christian Antichrist. 
Targ. Is. XI, 4 ' SW1B1 '» A. the wicked. Targ. Y. Deut. 
XXXIV, 3 DlS^alX (corr. ace); cmp. rtsyWJK. [V.Book 
of Zerub.; SaadiaEmunothVIII, 2; Graetz Gesch. d. Jud. 
V, p. 496.] 

fcW'G"^ pr. n. Armenia, the plateau of "Western 
Asia. T tam. : R. to I, 14— Targ. T. Gen. VIII, 4 name of 
a mountain and of a city. 

^ETl&jl (denomin. of next w.) Nithpa. n^swro to 
become' a widow (a Chaldaism). Keth.11,1; V,l; v-'lafeK. 
Yeb. 42 b ; a. e. 

abarB*, MbDiN, N^rnsst f . (=*«*«*.. &<» ,• v. 

Tia>«; v. P. 8. s. v. 39i) widow.' Targ. Gen. XXXVin, 11 ; 
a. fr.— Y. Sabb. I, 3 d top; a. fr.— PJ. ^alS. Targ. Ex. 
XXII, 23, a. e.— Y. Keth. I, beg. 24 d — Msn'sbalJ*, isrtaix. 
Targ. Job XXII, 9; a. e— Y. Meg. Ill, 74* top; a'e.' 

■■ btfrn-iN, v. uftwst 
ibnis, nibnnx, srtana f. (v. xW) («) 

widowhood. Targ. Is. XLVII, 8 sq'.; a. e.— Keth.' 75 a , v. 
snsa.— T. Ned. V, 39 b top; B.Bath. 98 b Ms.; ed. WBais. 

ISrb™, v. Stow- 
1b"lN, v. Tiais. 

^DDTS, l)v.St;sia1«.— [2) Targ.JdbLlNahmanid. 
in comment., Ms. SO^BSBttJIp, ed. yv, v. next w.j 

n!S '|U~llS! Armannia (Romania, New-Rome, 
Constantinople). Targ. Lam. IV, 21 Var. (h. text 'pS).— 
Deriv. pi. iJVwaalN. Targ.IChr.1,17 ed.Beck. (ed. Rahm. 
"SalK corr. ace.)'. 

DTJXj JsS pr. n. m. (represent a tribe; v. preced.) 
Armanius.' Targ. I Chr. I, 42 (h. text yiS). 

, fcT^QHi* m. Armenian 0). Y. Gitt, VI, 48 d bot. "1 
"X apS^'Y'. M. Kat. Ill, 82 c top '8 1 (insert apsn). 

■w^aia, wsaix, v. h^wis. 

"]H1>$ m. (b. h. ; j/nst, cmp. Tl!rt) pme (Assyr.")1S cedar, 
Schr! KAT p. 411).— PL tTOIK.' Par. Ill, 8 (R. HaiGaon 
y\X). R.Hash.23 a bi3'ilX(Var'd^ilS). B.Bath. 81 a 'S. 

&W*l!tf Tins) chest. Sabb. 32 a prV'sV "pipUS 
'Si who call the holy ark, 'the chest'. 

S3T8 m.=na ? ™ q . v. 

n^"liS! f. (b. h.) hare; [pr. n. f., v. next wj. Meg. 
9 b . Lev. s. 13 I'll' It '$n Arnebeth (Lev.XI,6)is an allusion 
to Yavan (Greece); cmp. next w.—P?. b^aim. Sabb.27 a ; 
Men. 39 b . [Assyr. Annabu, Schr. KAT p/498.] 

SPM"!**, SG3"1« ch. same. Targ. Lev. XI, 6; 
a. e.— Lam. R. to II, 10; Ned. 65 a S031S.— Y. Meg. I, 71 d 
bot. '31 StroiK .... lain ill) lax (corr. ace.) King Ptolemee's 
mother was named Hare (kufutc,); cmp. Meg. 9 b where 
the King's wife is named arnebeth. 

l"0""l!tf, Tanh. B'midb. 18, read laps, v. ND3SJ. 

*PD"I^I m. (deriv. of fiis) chest with many cases, 
trader's chest. Tanh. B'midb. 2*0 IV«B CfEJliaaS-iS bixi 
msist ill5 'K li Ar. (ed. incorr.) like a trader that had a 
chest containing (common) glass beads ; cmp. Tanh. ed. 
Bub. 23a. note; Yalk. Num. 692 (where tP538 must be 
read yoiK). 

Wi3"]K, il3l3")i< f. (an adaptation 
jCmp.SjiSX a.Sppa) [chest,' treasury, v.preced.] 
tax from crops and other farmer's produces delivered in 
kind. Y.Keth.XIII,35 d niisbia 'X annona and poll-tax.— 
Pes.6 a '!* nana cattle subject to the annona (v. D. 0. ed. 
Hensch, s.v. Annona: 'capitur etiam in pecudibus') ; n&i» 
'!* dough made of flour subject to annona. — PL WisWK, 
ni^ia-lS, ysiS'iSfc. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 36. Lev. R. 
s. 29. Y. Shebi. IV, 35 b ; a. fr.— Y. Snh. Ill, 21 b top 1351a 
•plS-H* to collect taxes. Pesik. Shek. ll b (description of 
Roman extortions) tjiJISIS '"WK bring thy annonae. 

DlUjnsS m. (ornatiis, opvaxo;) decoration. Lam. R. 
to iv, i arit T iia '&6 nam ninia (ed. oaiix, stans*) who 
was (to the nation) like a gold decoration. 

IK, read liopJQWK. 

DW)N, v. preced. 

*03~lS Talk. Gen. 47 1.1S)p "i 

"'WIS!, v. bWIK. 

SpIRS ch.=next w. B. Bath. 8 a ; a. fr.— Trnsf. ' 'K 
Kfllal bag, i. e. wjem&rawe o/"tte brains. Ber. 19 a .' — P/. 
T3S1K. B. Mats. 84 b . Keth. 67 a . 

"T^!^ f - (P^. ^ inserted for Dagesh) merchant's 
bag suspended from the neck, cmp. "'b&a&t; in gen. money- 
bag, purse. T. Kidd. I, 61 a bot. Lev. R.s. 14; a. fr. [lb. 
S)b3 bffl 'K, read tfJjSJIK.] 

"j^SpOnX, v. Ksptm. 

SrO~)S X. Meg. I, 71 d bot., v. XFOilX. 

&"1N>>' &TS m. (]A>-i; v. Ob^; as to modification 
of meaning cmp. Lat. virus) prop, drop, fluid, esp. poison. 
Y. Ter. Ill, beg. 42 a the serpent 'K 13 Wjfl threw a drop 
(of poison) into it. Sabb. 62 b (play on t'akkasnah, Is. 
HI, 16) b1S33 b1K3 (readD^S ,'K3; v. Var. Eabb. D. S. 
a. 1. note) like the serpent's poison; a. fr — Y. Maasr. V, 
end, 52 a an onion tmi lb "pXtB (read bl^N) which has 
no penetrating moisture.— PJ. TblX, y&"m Y. Ter. VIII, 
45 ed . Cmp. b"*1. 

CHS, NCrPS ch. same. Targ. Y. Deut. I, 31 ; Gen. 
111,14', s'omeed.' Kb*<1K; a. fr.— PI. )*bm<. Targ. Y. Deut. 
XXXII, 24 (ed. Vien. 'lO^IX). 

CHS (b.. h. blX Pi.; /""is, v. 118) Zo bind, join; to 
betroth. Part. pass. WIN, f. ilpllK betrothed, engaged. 
Keth. 13 b inpllKl bllK a betrothed couple. Y.Hag.IL77 d 
"WlK my betrothed, i. e. my beloved citizen. 

Pi. bIK, hi" 1 !* 1) to betroth to one's self, engage in 
marriage. Y. Bets. V, 63 a bot. 61&6. lb. bIK? 01&6 an 
but betroth he may; a. fr.— Yeb. VI, 4 '31 b1"N he be- 
trothed a widow. Keth. I, 6 ™&1N, TpWblSt; a. fr. [As 
to the legal status of betrothal, v. fblix.]— 2) to give 
away in betrothal (of the bride's father). lb. IV, 2.— 
Part. pass, rtDliKa. Snh.VII,9;— Ex. E. s. 33 (play 
on morashah,T>eut. XXXIII, 4).— 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. fibixtti, itblKn? to be betrothed 
(only of the woman). Keth. Ill, 3; "a. e— Yeb. IV, 10 
'31 IblKf?? iTIKIlffifl those who have been married before, 
may get betrothed (before the expiration of three months 
after separation from their husbands by death or divorce), 
and those who have been betrothed (and not yet married), 
may get married (during the above term). 

CIS, Pa. CHS, fut.OTT?, ch.same. Targ. 0. Deut. 
XXVni';30;— KblKa (KbIK) Sefrofted wrnnan. Targ. 
Y. Lev. XX, 10. Targ. Ex. XXII, 15 (16).— *Cant. R. to 
IV, 12 fiTOIIK or HWll!* (Chald. suffix) his betrothed. 
—[Lev. R. s. 34 IHDIKa yiipNI, read piOJKa, v. b_5X, or 

■pafpa Tinxi, v. laj.] 

Ithpe. b^lKM*, contr. b^inx (cmp. b5K Ithpe.) to be 
betrothed. ^blin^X ra marriageable. Gitt. 43 a ; a. fr. 

T3CHS, v. 'Bbilit. 

"p^pDlS Koh. R. to I, 7, end, perh. a. corrupt, 
of ■jibibpiil' 1 !* m. (ipi6£oXov) cotton. [The entire sentence, 
however, seems to be misplaced, and a repetition of a 
preceding one.] 

"pCH &S pr. n. m. Ursicinus, a Roman general 
delegated against Judea by Gallus who, as Constantine's 
nephew and associate emperor, resided at Antiochia. Y. 
Yeb. XVI, beg. 15 c ; Y. Sot. IV, 23 c bot. fc»ba 'K tf. the 
king (royal governor?). Y. Shebi. IV, 35 a 'Kb . . . . i&a ynin ; 
Y.Bets. 1, 60 c bot. '31 '&6 XrVS illrl (insert i&a) the sages 
allowed to have bread, baked on the Sabbath for (the 
army of) IT. because his intercession might be needed. 
[Diff. explan. of latter sentence, v. Erankel Who, p. 56 a ] 
Y. Ber.V, 9 a . Y. Meg. in, 74 a top '31 l^plX 'X TJ. burnt 
the scrolls of the Law of the congregation of Zennabris. 

3?~lS ( /si, v. SSI) to strike against. Nif. Sixi to 
come in contact with (cmp. Sill), to happen, befall (gen. 
of evil occurrences). Ber. IV, 2 '31 SlXtt Kb© (Bab. ed. 
28 b '31 131 SIX? &6lB) that no (religious) offence may 
happen through me (by an erroneous decision &c). Yoma 
I, 1 blOB in S1K*i Xauj lest something may occur to him 
to unfit him for services. Esth.R. toll, 7 bstiar bS S1&TO 
(read lart S1X">tU) will happen to Israel; a. fr. 

Pi. SliK, SliJ* to strike, befall; (neut. v.) to occur. 
Y.Kidd. I, 58 d top nfflSa 'X j6l no accident (illegal act) 
occurred. Gen. R. s. 84 '31 mb Sli&MD na So whatever 
befell the one, befell also the other; a. fr.— M. Kat. II, 1 
b=.X 1S1-W (Ms. M. 13 SI^X) mourning in the family befell 
him ; a.' e.— Y. Shek. V, 48 d bot. SIT* "|31 "|3 ; Y. Dem. 
I,22 a 11S1iK....(read1S1iK) so and so it happened to him. 
Part. Pu. Slixa q. v. 

Hithpa. Sixtin to be added to, to join. Y. Sot. I, I7 a 
'31 hftxi flSIKtia nnx one (sin) is added to the other, 
until the account is full; Num. R. s. 9. 

5~)Sl ch. (in Targ. Y.; in 0. usu. SIS q. v.) same; 
to join, meet, find; to attack, visit. Targ. Y. Gen. XIX, 19 
iJJiSlip may befall me Targ. Y. Deut. XXXII, 10 (h.text 
»Sa).' Targ. Y. Ex. V, 3 (h. SS6). lb. IV, 2 (h. ttttSj-ed. 
Vien. S1S1 read SIS?). Targ. Y. Lev. V, 7 ftT SIX!? xb 
he will not be able, cannot afford (h. text '31 Sijn, cmp. 
Hi KXarY); a . fr. [Targ. Y. II, Ex. XV, 9 yirWYi ^SIXI (I 
S1J1, S151) read S1W and I shall meet them.] 

"ithpa. S1Kt?K, Ithpe. contr. SiniK, SliK or Pa. S1K to 
be met; to meet. Targ. Y. I, Num. XXIII, 15 SIStlK (h. 
texti-i1]3K). M.Kat. 18 a , a.e. Knbia rT^a S11-N* an accident 
befell him (death in the family).— Lev. R. s. 37 MS1K 
KflSIU it so happened. Koh. R. to XI, 1 '31 TSS rlSIK it 
happened to be the season when the Israelites travelled 
to Jerusalem. Y.Dem.I,22 a 'pSIiK, v.preced. Targ.Esth. 
VHL8 llft^SIKtin; Targ.Y.Gen.XLIV,34 lian (corr. 
ace), [sirist to be shaken, weakened, v. SSL] 

Af. SliK=Pe.Targ.RuthII,3; a.e.— Targ.Ps.LXXXV, 
11 "pSlitf (some ed. ^Sl!* Pe.) meet each other. 

2?H!l< II .( /SI, cmp. Sill, Hif. S^lrt, cmp. Nip a. 
nip) to proclaim a festival. Sifre Num. 147 bsxaa ISI^K 


'SI proclaim it (as ffllp Xlpa) with special meal and dress; 
v. Mekh. Bo 9, beg. 

Pu. Slix to be proclaimed. B. Bath. 113 b with WTO-il 
BSUJa . .\ (Num. XXVII, 11) 'SI bs TO11X the whole 
section has been proclaimed as of a judicial nature; (Ms. 
M. rtSTM, v. si 1 ;). 

2"1IS! II (Targ. Y., 0. usu. 2-13 q. v.), Pa. SIX, SIX 
same. Targ. Y. Lev. XXIII, 2; a. fr. Targ. 0. Num. X, 2 
HS1S> ed. Berl.(oth.ed. XSIxV); (Targ. Y. XS1S>, XS1S>!). 
[Targ. Y. Lev. XXIII, 4 IWIlrP *«!, corr. ^SIXtT^I. lb. 21, 
a gloss ion ifl 'yaiipl T"ri ref. to the festive benedic- 
tion '=1 l&tfpi la^TlS-lU}.]— Denom. SSIXa, KSISa. 

3?Hit fawd, v. XS1X — Six nether-, beneath, v. SiKSix. 

Stf2~)&* m. (31X1) accident, occurrence. Targ. Ruth 
II, 3.— [*PZ. Xi*S1x'«)i7s, diseases. Targ. Y. Deut. XXVIII, 
60 (prob. to be read X*S1a).] 

Stf2?~)sK f. ( ]/S1, h. yiX q. v.) [the brittle] fawd, eartt, 
ground'; field. Targ. Gen.' I, 1. Targ. Y. Gen. XVI, 5; 
a. fr.— B. Bath. 29 a 'X X1H one field; v. X3X2.— Bekh.25 b 
XSlfflhl 'X a land of darkness (Babylon) ; a. fr.— Sabb. 65 a 
'x Its (a Chaldaic adaptation of TCoSaypa, podagra) gout, 
sore on the toes.— 'SI xas^ixn US, v. fix.— PZ. -JS1X, 
■XS1X, T*S1X. Targ. Jerl XXVIII, 8 Levita, Targ. II Esth. 
IV* i. Usu.' XS1S1X. Targ. Gen. XXVI, 3; a. fr.— B.Bath. 
12b; 61 b fields'.— B. Kam. 7 a 'X Iplh, 'x' Mill (Ms. M. bit, 
sub. la 1 !) land fell, rose in price. V. 51X>. 

fHKSHN, rPSHN m. (preced.) earth-ward, that 
which, he who, is below, nethermost. Targ. Josh. XVI, 3; 
a. fr.— Y. Kil. IX, end, 32 d 'X rklB to put off the under- 
garment. Y. B. Mets. X, beg. 12 c XiiSIX who lives in 
the story below.—Pi TXS1X, "WIX. Targ. Gen. VI, 16; 
a. e.— Lam. R. to I, 16 'sY'XS TOS deal with the in- 
feriors (females) as thou didst with the superiors (men); 
ib.toIV,19; Y.' Succ.V, 55 b (incorr.vers.).— Eem.WW]». 
Targ. Ez. XLI, 7 ; a. fr.-Y. Maas. Sh.V, 56 c top.-PZ. XtWlX, 
xrWIX. Targ.Ez.XLII,5; 6. Y.YomaI,38 c ; Y. Meg. V, 75° 
bot* v. .XM^X. [Targ. Esth. WO SIX, v. 51X>.] 

"^N m. (Sixl) chance-, occasional, temporary, v. ixis. 

ITPSHIS f. (v. preced.) lower portion, bottom. Y. Kil. 
VII, beg. 30 d . Y. Shebi. I, 33 b top; a. e. 

StfiTPSHItf ch.same. Men.ll a ; Yoma 48 a nWIX (read 
mrHSIX) the bottom of the reversed vessel. Keth. 77 b 
xrriaV'X the skull (!).— V. nxsix. 

fcTO'DlD")^, read X^SISfX. 

DOSTltf '(DSi&N) m. (SpitoMSpipwag, h 9 Ttk- 
■yiov) clepsydra, water-clock. Kel. XIV, 8; XXX, 4 'IX 
Ar. (ed. 'BX). Gen. R. s. 4 'IX XSii get me a clepsydra. 

riDDDI^, read n&S-iSX. 

"PIS! f. (b, b.; pi; Oh. a. oth. dial. SIX fr. SSI to 
press' together, stamp— -from the rugged appearance of 

the surface after the subsidence of the waters) earth, dry 
land; country, land, field (opp. to town). Ex. R. s. 13.... 
threw dust upon the waters 'X ntSWi and earth (crust) 
was formed.— bxiffl 1 ' 'X (abbr. i"x) Palestine, opp. nSTi 
'x^, or Vn Win foreign countries, or distant countries. 
Gitt.1, 2. lb. 6 a ;— yyxn Palestine, Hull.l6 b lbSSiffla 
'X^> since entering Palestine (under Joshua); a. fr.— dS 
'Xii (abbr. Fl"S) country people, hence illiterate, coarse, 
unrefined (often applied to an individual); pi. 'xn iJaS, 
opp. ClSH liabn. Sabb. 63 a . Hull. 92 a ; a.— Esp. fi"S 
those not observing certain religious customs regarding 
tithes, levitical cleanness &c, opp. 1SH q. v. Dem. I, 2 ; 
a. fr.— Pit. MSIX. Shebi. IX, 2 'SI 'X* fflbffl Palestine is 
divided into three countries with reference to the laws of 
the Sabbath year. Keth, lll a ; a. e., v. <1&iS; a. fr. 

ri1!2~l5< f. (=rflX^X, i2-i, cmp. SlXSlii) persuasion, 
surrender. Sot. 4 a firfflxlXl itnxalB ">1S time required 
for her pollution (by improper contact) and her surrender 
to the seducer. 

Pl^» P*J^.> P"$ m - (P"«*> cmp.. pin ; pIX, pIS, 
cmp. p"in) a perforated vessel, a sort of clepsydra used 
in sick rooms. Erub. 104 a pIXa 'pfciBBl Mus. a. oth. (ed. 
plX^a read 'X To, Ms. M. "pIX, indistinct, Ms.' Oxf. SIX, 
Ar. pis a. pIX, v. Ar. ed. Koh.) you may, on the Sabbath, 
let water drip from the Arak for a sick person; Y. Erub. 
X, 26 d top p1»a -pS-tola C]i&iaa); Tosef. Sabb. II, 8 la 
pIX ed. Zuck. (Var. pIXJl). 

l^p~lK I f. (=XS1X, cmp. ppl, v. fix) earth. Jer. 
X, 11.— Pesik. Bahod. p. 155 a ; Gen. R. s! 13; a. e. 

5tfp"l(^II pr. n. pi. ("Apx7],'Apxat) Area, also called 
A. Gms'area, Cms. Libani, at the North- Western foot of 
Mount Lebanon. Gen. R. s. 37 (interpreting iplSrt Gen. 
X, 17) •pybn 'X (some ed. bplX). [Cmp. hSSi nplS.Bekh. 
57 b , v. Neub. Geogr. p. 33; 299.] 

atSnjTlH, v. XBBp!=X. 

StfDDpHJtf, read preced. 

Iisbipn^, v. 'pix. 

.. W^pT!*, l^^lpnX m. V l. HerculianiMly 
of guards instituted by Diocletian, together with the 
Joviani, to supersede the prsetorians (Gibb. 1, 434 ; v. Sachs 
Beitr. I, 113 sq.). Esth. R. to I, 3 'p 1ST isVlSi (corr. 
'1X1 "0X1S1" 1 ). 

pTpIN, l^^plX, read l^lp&X m. (aoxauXrn) 
per former. on the bag-pipe. Targ. II, Esth. I, 3 W 'X 
'SI a bag-piper, walks at (over) the head of all (ref. to 
the wind passing over the flax stalks on the field; in a 
riddle on linen). 

PP"!^ m - P 1, crocus plants. Mass. Kallah, quot. in 
Hebr. Diet! fr. Gitt. 70 a , v. Xp^lia. 

Vbjn«, v. r*p^. 

. &^?p~IS<, read tsi^plX pr. n. ,m. Seraclius, the 
of Maximianus, the associate emperor of Diocle- 


tian. Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 d top '31 'bpil X5X I, Diocletian 
the king, have instituted the annual fair of Tyre in honor 
of the genius of my brother Heraclius (Heracles). 

tft2Sj?1tf , v. tte$$K. 

..ISflpHHl f. (ppl) beaten, wrought metal, opp. XBBiiX 
q."v. Sabb. 59 b Ar. (ed. XhpllX, Var. Xhpll, v. EabV. D. 
8. a. 1. note). 

S$np~l&t.II f. shoe-thong, v. XplS, XhplS. Yeb. 102 a , 
v. XhJsX.' 

J4ri|P"l!l^ III f. (cmp. preced.) name of a parasite 
worm in'the bowels, perh. fluke-worm. Sabb. 109 b ed. 
(Ms. M. XhXplX pi., Ms. O.XhpllX, Ar. "IS). Cmp. Xpfe. 
[Mus.=h. )ip-\^ jaundice; cmp. "pplX.] 

"Hit (b. h. ; ]AlX, sec. r. of 11X, cmp. 11h, to Swi 
through, to make holes, meshes &c; v. 31X, SIX, nix, HX, 
mx, -(IX &c.) I) to dig, stab; v. ^IIX. — 2) to j>om£ ow£ 
for execration, [or fo set outside] ; (cmp. Qlh a. 3pi, a. 
also -pa) ; fo curse.— Part. pass, 111X, f. hillX, pi. t^lllX &c 
Shebu 36 a ; a. fr— *Y. Sot. II, 18 a top rtXIa its''' *Q 
"IIX V'h Bra (read "OX) you might infer from the word 
me (Num. V, 18) that it must have the color of water, 
therefore the root arar is used in connection therewith 
(i. e. water in which the curse written with ink has been 
washed off and is recognizable in the mixture) ; '51 11X "'X 
(read 11X) from arar again you might infer that the 
drink must have the color of ink, therefore we read me, 
which means the color of water and the color of ink 
(a colored thin fluid); cmp.Bab.Sot.16 1 ' (where the same 
argument is used with reference to blood). — Part. pass. 
f. hillX cacophem. for idol. Ab. Zar. 5X a Xtsaia 11 '&6 
Ms.M. (ed.T'Sb) so much the more for that cursed (idol). 

Pi. 11X, "Vt% to curse. Gen. B. s. 36, end 11Xa. Cant. 
B. to IV, 11 '31 fillXB which Joshuah had cursed! Pesik. 
E. s. 26 111W>;a'. fr. 

Nif. a. Nithpa.^llXt, lixhi to be cursed. Num.E.s.14 
'31 111X5 xb they were not cursed before seventy verses 
were completed (Gen. 1, 1 to III, 14 ; Esth. Ill, 1 to VII, 10). 
Y. Sot. IX, 24 b bot.; Tosef. ib. XV, 2 IllXtU 

"HNl ch. same. Targ. II Kings IX, 34 XhlllX the 
cursed.— X^IIIX, 1111X m. pi. Arurs, the Bible chapters 
containing the word arur (Lev. XXVI, 14—46; Deut. 
XXVIII, 15—69); [Hebr. niFDin or rYiVbp].' Y. Meg. Ill, 
74 b bot.— Meg. 3 l b 'xa . . . . biala Xp read the arurs in an 
undertone. Koh. B. to VIII, 3. 

\P% XT1Q m - (v - ' 1 - ! ? ) dWQor- Snh - 3ob i 4ia 
'IX ArT "(ed. a. Ms.' '">1X). [Oth. opin. club. Var. pilX.] 

*£T)!tf (b. h.; Ps. XXI, 3 ; yiX,' cmp. &1X a. ffllh) 
to weave, arrange, trnsf. to plan. Gen. B. s. 9 Blip 
'31 tt5lij£ N ^ a! "^ before yet my tongue prepares a word. 
[In later liturgic poetry fflIX is used in the sense of 
meditation, devotion.'] 

ST^&ISri&J pr. n. pi. ('Opdoxna,; I Mace. XV, 37) 
Orthosia, a Phoenician seaport, South of the river Eleu- 

theros. Gen. E. s. 37 (translat. oihas-sini Gen. X. 17; 
Targ. 0. ib. ^X&IMX, Y. 1 1X61B5X, II "WM1B3). 

I^BlpimN, read^SipialX m.(apTowm6^)bakery, 

v. septal!*. 

fcOTT)^, iCST)^ m. (-(hi) chariot, vehicle. Targ. 
II Ohr. X,' 18; a. e — PL 'pS'Wiis, 'pahlX. Targ.Y. I, Ex. 
XV, 4 (Y. II '3ih1). 

'ttS&ft c. (b.h.; fflfflX 1) 1) fire. Sabb. ll a ; a.e. hlisii 'X3 
as destructive as fire to the flax. Sot. 48 b h11M3 'X3 like 
fire among flax, i. e. inflaming the senses. Gen. E. s. 39 
'X 'bffl bl3a (v. Vfia) destruction by fire.— Num. B. s. 2 end 
hiMl^lh 'X fire from outside of the sanctuary; a. fr. 
— PI. hi«k Yoma 21 b ; a. fr.— 2) fever, hlass bUJ 'X. 
Gitt. 70 a . 

«tS», S^WI^, StfKtfN, *W f. ch. same. 
\)firl Targ. T Gen. XV, T 17; a. fly— B. Mets. 85 b -plsa 
XU5X1 torches. Men. 53 a '31 XffliX may fire consume him. 
—2) fever. Targ. Y. Gen. XXI, 15— Yoma 29 a '31 XhttPX 
the fever in winter time. Sabb.66 b sq. XhVh 'X tertian; 
Xhliaa 'X inflammatory fever, Xali ha 'X quotidian. 
Yeb.71 b ">X rVWl fever fed its' vital energies. Snh. 108 b . 

tf#N, v.XWX. 

*3^Jtf =31iJh. Part.Ithp. 3tt5xa respected, v. asSh Ithpa. 

"plSt^, ']"lilH^j' 1 !Sl m. (1310; cmp. nipa) collection 
of water, pond; cavity for reception of water, opp. I'll"?? 
slope. Pes. 42 a 'X dlpa place where water poured out 
would remain stagnant. Ab. Zar. 72 a ; Ohol, III, 3, opp. 
OIBBp. Toh. VIII, 9; a. e. 

9TQEJN, read SilStiX. 

PT^S, JTl^n f. (15UJ) current phraseology (v. 
11MB part', pass, of IMJ)— fffifc hl&ffiX ('h) current phrase 
not meant exactly (arising from one's being accustomed 
to use a certain word in association with others). Y. 
Meg. II, 73b bot.; Y. Ber. H, 4 d . 

lEJN, "TOJK, TI$S -(/TO, v. ■*!»; v. H. Diet. s. 
v. HBX) fo poitr cwf, to shed (blood), to deposit (ashes). 
Targ. Lev. XVII, 4; a. fr— Sabb. 156 a Xal TUCX a shedder 
of blood.— Part. pass. Tnax shed, spilt. Targ. Mic. I, 4; 
III, 10; a. e. 

srn^s, v. xwiwjix. 

Srj^N f. pi. (ilii5=h. WrTj) tofera/ supports, arms. 
Targ. I Kiugs X, 19. 

iTI^Sl f. (b.h.; v.ffiix, BiX), const. hUJX, woman, wife. 
Pes. Vlli.l. Ab.Zar. 25 b h^S HJiiT lib 'X woman carries 
her weapon with her, is protected against murder by gent- 
iles (who wouldrather assault her innocence). Ib. h3TOJh 'X 
a woman of high rank (influential). Ib. Ihlattia IBlDX his 


wife's presence guards him from wrong-doing; a. fiv — 
PI. t™ (hTOi) q. v. 

nyiS burnt-offering, v. fittest. 

nittjK, rmtfa (awu *ntf«) f . <*«», cmp . 

StrnBSt a. BtniSJSt) siew, reeJ, clue, esp. s'foyf around which 
the wool is put, spool. Kel. XXI, 1 the wool which is 
on the distaff 'Stai Ar. (ed. 'Sta corr. ace.) or on the spool. 
Tosef.Kel.B. Bath. 1, 6 iTlllBStn 13S Vsiii 132 ed. Zuck. ( Var. 

TlTOISj m. pi. (Syr. ashuha P. Sm. 406, mil)) prop. 
the bending, a genus of weak (female) cedar, disting. fr. 
nst male cedar. Sahb. 157 a (Ms.M. WB). [Opin. in Ar. 

mfix, v. hjti«. 

^3N cuouk, v. lW* 

"jTCfej, W^S tod, v. •)**. 

MTOiS m. (b. h. 111% v. IBS, -jaw) dewse vapor, 
steam; vapor-room in the bath (sudatio). Y.Ned. IV, 38 a 
top he who bathes in the small caldarium (v. Sm. Ant. 
s. v. Baths) 'St a05 takes away vapor (and does not benefit 
his fellow-bather by his presence). Y. Shebi. VIII, 38 a 
top 'S& I'b frife»St take it up for me to the vapor-room. 
Gen. R. s. 33. 

"fiONj, interj., with St"«h (11113) go on, make haste, 
quick! Gitt. 34 a SWi fib lan 'St make haste, give her the 
letter of divorce; quick! Sabb. H9 a SWI 'st SWi 'St. 
Ber. 57 b ipilS 'St Ar. (ed. 1B1H1) run, ye pious ones. 

Trow pr. n. (b. h.) Ashur, Assyria, Assyrian nation. 
Gen. B. s. 37; a. fr.— Toma 10 a ; Keth. 10 b pbt) T\ 'St 
(Stp"fe))Asliur means (the later) Seleucia (ad Tigrim). Snh. 
106 a (referring to the Parthian kingdom). [Yalk. Bzek. 376, 

v. m« 3).] 

"H-1^ m., CTH^N f. Assyrian, esp. the modern 
form of Hebrew type (square), supposed to have been 
brought along by the returning Babylonian captives, and 
made to supersede the older Hebrew (Syriac or Samaritan, 
113S) characters. Y. Meg. I, 71 b '=1 Sfi3 1*> ffl-i 'it the 
Assyrian (trans-Euphratic, Chaldaic) language had a (de- 
veloped) type of writing, but no tongue (cultivated gram- 
mar) &c. [See the whole discussion, ibid.] Cmp. Snh. 21 b . 
Meg. 8 b . Esth. B. to I, 22; a. e.— Meg. 1, 8; Y. Sot. VII, 
beg. 21 b millUSt theHebrew language in its modern type. 

DlttJ&J Ar., Kltt^St ed. f. (b. h. niUSt Ps.LVHI, 9; IlilSt 
or 121»St, v. lSU3St2) [groping, cmp. l»ii, ffltttt,] mole. Gen. 
B. s. 51 (alluding to esheth Ps. 1. c.) '31 It 'SO like that 
mole which sees not the light. Kel. XXI, 3 'Sttt hTiSa 
the bow for shooting moles (v. Maim. a. 1.). M. Kat. 
I, 4; cmp. ib. 6 b .— Y. ib. 80 c , explained irfen. 

LVIII, 9. 

.Targ. 0. Lev. XI, 30. Targ. Ps. 

ISfflipX, const, hllBSt f. pi. C"W))- 1) meshes, trnsf. 
tricksVTaxg. Is. XXV, 11 (h. text niaist).— 2) v. Stmttt. 

p!25N m. (NT©, cmp. still? a. llUSt) winnowing, Targ. 
Y. I, Gen.'xXXV, 16 there was yet '31 Strife* 'St ''SSIb 
(comment, to Targ. Y. a. 1. reads 'jllfflSt) much winnowing 
of the produces of the land &c. (h. text mas, cmp. Gen. 
R. s. 82, a. Pesik. B. s. 3, explaining Gen. 1. a), [Targ. 
Y.II '31 alia; Targ.Y.Gen.XLVIII,7'31 StSISt TSSID IISI] 

-finHJItf pr. n. m. (b. h.) Ashhur, Sot. 12 a (I Chr. 
IV, 5). : " 

■ iratam v. TiiBwjN*. ' 

""SJItf pr. n. m. Ashshe, 1) E. A. bar Sinai, president 
of the academy of Sura (beginning of the fifth century), 
generally accepted as the redactor of the Gemara (v. 
Stlaa). Gitt. 59 a . B. Mets.86 a ; a. ft.— 2) Other Amoraim 
by that name. Sabb. 75 b ; a. fr. [Y. Ber. I, 3 a top STOSt.] 

]*0ttJN, ^fiX, ]^ti# pr. n. m. Ashyan, name 
of several Amoraim'. Y.Ter.IJ41 a . Ber. 14 a . — Y. Ab.Zar. 
HI, beg., 42 b A. Nagra (the carpenter).— Y.Yeb. XI, 12 a 
bot. Y. Meg. I, 71 c bot.— V. ■£«£. 

MFD^N! a word made up as a disguise of KWiaaj, 
oath (cmp. ai'lU=SaiB). Ned. 10 b ; cmp. StplptBSt. 

TttJS, T% v. must. 

ni" 1 ^ f. pi. Snh. 108 b Ar., v. W8J1BS. 

XQ" 1 ^, fiD^N. (b. h.) pr. n. m. AsUma, idol of 
theHam'attieans. T Y. Ab'.Zar.lII, 42 d top (ref. to H Kings 
XVII. 30) '31 SOoiSt A. is represented as a lamb, as you 
read el hddsham (Lev. V, 16); Snh. 63 b called 'bald 
buck' (goat). 


WTON, Snh. 96 b , StllHI 'St, v. Stf ia. 

ssi* 1 ©^, pi. stji ,, s?«, n^st, v. stfti" 1 ^?^. 

. JlT^JSl, H"]^ f. (b. h.) Asherah, tree (grove) 
devoted to idolatry (v.Mov. Phcen. p. 567; Sm. Bibl. Diet. 
s. v.). Ab.Zar. Ill, 5; 7. Succ. 31 b fllBal 'St an Asherah 
to which the Mosaic law refers (remnant of anti-Mosaic 
idolatry). Pes. 27 a ; a. fr. PI. tWt&t, hillBK. Ab. Zar. 
Ill, 7 ; a. fr.— SilUJSt. Pirke d'B. El. ch. XXVI. 

SSSnn" 1 ^, ^"l^iS ch. same. Targ. 0. Deut. XVI, 
2 1 ; a. f r.— PL'stilliaJSt, "pl^K, S^ttKJ, IttJSt. Targ. II Kings 
XXHI, 14; XVII, 10- Targ.' Is. XVII, 8; a. e. 

^I^SSt m. (cmp. next w.)jug. Sabb. 141 a 'Stl . .. . s6 
I plrt^Ms". M. a. Ar. (ed. Stl^lli) you must not squeeze 

a cotton stopper into the mouth of a jug(on the Sabbath). 

B. Bath. 144 a SthlBal 'St ed. (Ms.M. StlUlBSt, Ms. H. StliJiffii) 
| a jug of oil. [Pes. 36 b fUBilBSt (q. v.), according to Samuel, 
j identic with our w.=Stlam SOU.] 


n2jPI252$ f. (b. h., BIDS) anything made compact and 
substantial by pressing, whence 1) cake, pan-cake (in Bible 
pressed raisin-cake). Pes. 36 b excluding from 'bread 
of misery', 'XI Hlifl pudding and pan-cake. [Talmudic 
etymology, ibid., 'one sixth of an epha of flour made into 
a cake'.] Y. ib. II, 29 b bot.— Bab. ib. 1. c. Samuel says 
'31 aan '8, ashishah,(n-Sam.Yl,19) means a jug of wine 
(v. preced.).— PJ.nitBiim(b.h.). Hull.124 15 lilaad dVTl Til* 
'K3. to me to-day the Bibl. words apply, 'Support me with 
cakes' (Cant. II, 5); Bets. 21 a . — 2) pi. dUDHUX, "|" l l5" , aiX 
cakes made of boiled lentils impregnated with honey. Ned. 
VI, 10; cmp. T. ib. 40 a bot. 

1"HEJ1tt3!S! C h. pi. as preced. 1). Targ. Y. Ex. XVI, 31 

(h. nw)." . ■ 

D^ttfet, "pMS!> v. ™^2). 
ZVl£# or rfiES&J, pi. nii^x, v. marts. 

arrtis or ntp^' arntiw t (=h. ^ j er . 

L, 15, K'thib miBX; iltt), cmp.' niffi) [messes, to/ers, v. 
XrTOK a. «ai1N,] frame-wall. B. Bath. 7 a . Ib. 59 a SlrVn 
iXilHUX my framework will be shaken (by the hammer- 
ing). Ber. 56 a i&M 'X (read xiS31 ; Ms. M..8rY""Q WS1) 
that my wall fell in.— PZ. XniilzJ!*, fcttliBIX, SttV^SJilSt, also 
Knim, NniTOW. Targ. Ps. XV 3 (h.text ninV)/ a. fr — 
Ber. 28 a "31 XhifflX the walls of his house. B.Kam.20 b .— 
[Not to be confounded with m foundation.} V.NHim, 

njttfct. T - TT • 

NS^lB&t^ttjttji!* six.— PL "pFiiuiit s«c$y. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 d bot.'lpiF|ilUX, l&ft'lBSt sixteen. Y. Sot. V, 20 b bot. 
IPTl nUBN corr. ace. 

^jlEjItf m. (b. h. ; denom. of ttjix) testicle. PI. di31UK. 
Bekh.' VII, 5 (44 b ). Tosef. ib. V, 4.— Denom. 13«5l«a owe 
/jawra^ large testicles. Bekh. 1. c. (Gem. ed. pffinsw, v. 


NTQSESfct I f. (apffi) %% doM)w, death. Keth. I03 b . 

ISFQIDtiJN II f. (preced.) butcher's shop. 'XI 5»i3p 
butcher's dissecting knife [Tosaf. slaughtering knife], 
B. Mete. 116 a ; Sabb, 123 b . 

bl32J^, bi>E5l$ m. (b. h. cmp. ito) bunch, cluster 
(of grapes). Y. Nazi II, beg. 51 d '31 'xi nxip STTin the 
Bible calls the (berry in the) cluster must (tirosh, ref.tols. 
LXV, 8) while people (at present) call the dried berry 
must (i. e. in common parlance abstinence from 'berry' 
means from grape-juice, must &o.).— biXS ill) il31!)K the 
ovary (of birds). Tosef. Zab.V, 9; Bets. 7 a — Midd; in, 8 
3iTT ill) 'X a gold imitation of a cluster of grapes.— 2)Trnsf. 
a distinguished scholar (opp. /pis leaves^the ignorant); 
v, infra. Cant. B. to 1,14, a. e. (play on the word) U)iX 
13. ?3lnll) a man in whom all is contained, i. e. universality 
of knowledge.— PI. fliiiBtffX,' niiisipx. Hull. 92 a S13.1D 'X 
'31 the grapes thereon (on the nation), that means the 

scholars; cmp. Lev. B. s. 36.— Esp. the scholars of the 
early Maccabean period. Sot. IX, 9 (47 a ); Tern. 15 b . Y. 
Sot. IX, 24 a top, v. niiW; Tosef. B. Kam. VIII, 13 nii3!I)iX. 

Ch. xtentt. 

n 30^, v. ibumx.- 

bltX, v. Matis. 

^SON Ar., t]3WlX ed., m. (v. XS3;U1X) [the saddler,] 
a genus of edible, locusts. Hull. 65 b 'xn Xiaili to imply 
the ashkaf (among the dsip). 

NSD1DN, Keth. 77 b 'XI 11115 Ar. ed., read XSUJX as 
in Ar, ed. Koh. s. v. 115, v. note ibid. T V- 

N13t5is m. (prob, a denom. of 13) a wagon, wagon- 
toad; T [b. 'h. 131UX gift, tribute; cmp. Is. XVI, 1]. PL 
■)i13U3X. Targ/ls'. V, 10 (h. text las). Targ. II Esth. 
I, 3 'pbSloi 'X (read '»1) loads (gifts) of &c. (after Ps. 
LXXH, 10). 

5i~l3125!St m. (v. P. Sm. 408) box-tree or ebony tree 
[prob. a' denom. of -pBX=^8)tt, cmp. -Xlplffla]. Neg. II, 1 
'=1 dUiritt) xi 'X3 like the eshk'roa, neither black nor 
white but of an intermediate color. B v Bath 89 b ''31L'X 
ed. (corr. ace, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 30). Ypma III, 
9 (8) 'X ill! niillS ballot tablets of box- wood (cmp. Sm, 
Ant. s. v. Buxum); expl. Y. ib. 41 a top 'pipDa='opiS 

5tf2?i~)2>©sSt ch. same. PI. f SilBlUX, yS1?l!BX. Targ. 
Is.XLI, 19'(h. text HlDXln); LX, 13. Targ. Ezek.XXVII, 6 
(h. text di111B»-nai). 

" i rH3!£)£$ f. (prob. fr. its color, v. preced.) mole (?). 
Hull! 6> Ar! Var. s. v. iXISIp; v. niXS. 

512JS m. (b. h.; itl)X to be firmly rooted, "|/lDX, v. 
U)11)X; v.Ges.H.Dict.s.v.) 1) tamarisk, symbol of strength 
and eminence.— Pi!, diilBX, const. liujx. Y. B. Mets. I, 
end, 8 a '31 yon?n 'X the eminent (old) among the Baby- 
lonian scholars are hut like the pidgeons (the young) 
among the Palestinean; cmp. Y. Ned. VI, 40 a hot. — 
2) plantation, pleasure-garden, tent. Sot. 10 a ; Gen. B.. 
s. 54 end (ref. to Gen. XXI, 33, v. Targ. a, 1.).— *3) pr. n. 
Eshel, a river in Assyria. Snh. 92". Yalk. Ezek. 376 

£<btj^, J^b^ ch. as preced. 1). Targ. I Sam. 
XXII^6. ! — PL liW.— 13131 'N great men (v. preced.). Ab. 
Zar. 7 b '1 'SO Niih it hangs on high tamarisks, i. e. 
originates from great men. Bets. 27 a ; B. Bath. 31 b . 

!jOC£^ m. (iiiU to draw up) rope, tow; net. Targ. 
Job XVIII, 10; a. e, Gitt. 69 a Spins Wf&ft 'X a rope 
of an old litter, Keth. 85 a 'OQ iii rinaa he pulled it with 
a rope. B. Kam- H6 b 'K in one rope's length away from 
the shore. — PL littix, N^itisi, "|llii!J«. Targ. Job XXXVIII, 
31. Targ.Y.Gen.X, 26; T a.'e. [Targ.IChr.1,20 StiilUIX.]— 
B. Kam. I.e.— Succ. 16 a 'K SllUa to twist ropes fora couch. 
B. Mets. 107 b ; v. Ulna,— Bekh. 8 b '31 '« 'Vf*» bring ye 
ropes and measure. Keth. 67 a , v. SWap. 


»PIO?? m. (abw) a kind of alkali, or mineral used as 
a soap'. Nidd. IX, 6; Sabb. IX, 5; Snh. 49 b 'XI XiJiap 
Ms. M. a. oth. (ed. -fjlBX). 

SJ3tiJS, W 5125 ch. same. Nidd. 62 a (explaining the 
as/ife# of 'the Mishnah) '31 !TaU5 'X (Ar. Xliffi) its name 
is ashl'ga, and it is found in the holes in which pearls 
sit, and is scraped out with an iron nail; Sabb. 90 a XlbB 
Ar. .(Ms. M. SwfrnB, ed..&0&»ltt5). Y. ffll rYrax. 


lab^X, SfflDbtiN (xr«a>ti:x, pi. xrmabm) f. 

(0btt5=L tHX^a) ^{finishing) I) fitting, setting". Targ. Ex. 
XXV, 7; XxVlII, 17; a. e.— 2) initiation. Targ. Y. Lev. 
VIII, 28. lb. 33; 34; a. e. Omp. TplS'Tl. 

D©S (b. h. ; DattJ) 1) to Je wasfe (cmp. Ezek. VI, 6 ; 
Hos. XIV, 1). Snh. 97 a BBij£. (in parall. passages dW); 
v. I^as.— 2) to neglect, be guilty. — Denom.: 

, U ©is m. (b. h.) guilt; guilt-offering, asham, a special 
kind of offering. — ^Pi 'X (Lev. V, 18) an asham to be 
offered when you are in doubt as to the commission of 
a sinful act. Kerith. HI, 1; a. fr.; (ib. 17 b differ, opin. 
as to thenature of the doubt). Ib. VI, 3 DTtorvbtBX the 
asham offered by the over-scrupulous because they may 
have transgressed. — Wi 'X the asham for the undoubted 
commission of certain offenses, which are: a) mVtl 'X for 
illegal appropriation of private property (after pecuniary 
reparation; Lev. V, 25); b) tYl^Sa 'X for misappropriation 
of sacred property (Lev. V, 16); c) SlBVin hriBtfJ 'X for 
carnal connection with a slave betrothed to another man 
(Lev.XIX, 21);— d) Tni 'X the offering of a nazarite when 
interrupting the days of vowed nazaritism by levitical im- 
purity (Num. VI, 12).— Deut. B. s. 1, beg. (alluding to 
&aii5Xl Deut. I, 13) SVO aaaix 1 ] it is so written that you 
may read v'ashmam (and their guilt); if you listen not 
to them '31 I'fth fiatfJX (read baffix) their guilt shall fall 
uponyourheads (you will be answerable forwhat offenses 
they may commit); differ, in Sifre Deut. 13. [Our'Bible 
editions, however, read ba^BX!, plene.]— PI. niaBKt. Kerith. 
VI, 4. Sifre 1. c; a. fr. * 

(SDtpS f. (=h. fratffX) guilt. Targ.Y. Lev. XXII, 16 

snttJN, ansa (satis) m. (=h. &$*) gum, 

guilt-offering. Targ. 0. Lev.'V, 15; a. it— PI. "pa^X. 
Targ. II Chron. XXVIII, 10. 

n SQ^!!<, ^fflfiX m. (v. bU5X 1) waste (in mind); 
ignorant, neglected; cmp. "lia. Kidd. 32 b 'X IpT an uncultur- 
ed, rough old man. Sifra to Par. Ill, ch. VII iiaiBX (as 
noun). Cmp. fiaUfX. 

n Sia2JS, ^"lOtiS pr.n.m.(Pers.Aeshma,Aesh- 
madad, Kohut Jiid. Angel, p. 72; Bapap. Er. Mill. s. v.) 

Ashm'day, chief of demons. Targ. Koh. 1, 12— Pes. 110 a . 
Gitt. 68 a . Num.B. s. 11; a. e. 

riQ©S f. (b. h.; Dt2JX) negligence, guilt. Shek.VI, 6. 
— Gen.B'.s.49'3VX ijpl elders in coarseness (cmp. "'Nam) 
which is (in Chaldaic) elders of shame.— PI. tftQim, v. 

. rniatia, rniatia f. (b.h. **&■&*, maiax; tous) 

night-watch, ivatch,'a certain portion (three or four hours) 
of the day, called a watch (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Castra). 
Ber. I, 1 '31 'xn fcp& the end of the first watch of the 
night; a. fr.— PL niliaaJX. Y. Ber. 1, 2 d top '31 'X. (ri)S3nx 
the day is divided into four watches, and so is the night ; 
cmp. Bab. ib. 3 a . 

fc^DttJS pr. n. pi. Ashmaya, in the district of Tyre. 
Y. Dem. il, 22 d top (corrupt.; for X*>a lUXI read: '81); 
Tosef. Shebi. IV, 9 -Xiaiin ed. Zuck. (Var. 'XI). 

■njQttfS, v. «. 

"JI2JS ( 1/"BX, v. ffiffiX; cmp. "|rnx, iVX, tt£, ttjix). to Se 
substaniial,dense,strong,hard. — Part, (as adj.) 'pfiJX, XJi'rx 
Ar. (ed., Ms. M. ^m. XiTOX). Hull. 136 b , opp. -p-J lb.' 
76 a . Sabb. 155 a '31 Win yaiTi Ar. (Ms. M. X2TOX, ed. 
^BIpX) carob fruits which are hard .... aftermath which 
is hard (dry). Cmp. )Vi\ 

S31SS pr. 
Esth. T B. to I, 4 

pi. Ashna, supposed t 
v"ar. nam). 

r Tyre 

*]2j5S m. (b.h. ; S)U», v. PI. to Levy Talm. Diet. 1, 283 lj ) 
enchanter, (astrologer).— PZ.tai&lBX. Tanh. Mikketz 2 (ref. 
to Dan. II, 2) ^taa 'pnvnB "&X 'X*! the Ashshafim, these 
are those who press (lay stress) upon the planetary con- 
stellation, pm )Wh 'X pa) for the root ashaf means to 
firess (ref. to S]Xt», Amos VIII, 4). 

*f$$< ch. same. Dan. II, 10.— PI. 'pfflsx, X*Bs;x. Ib. 
II, 27-" V, 11; IV, 4. 

SStiS m. (XBffi, C]BlD) dressed skin. Keth. 77 b 
'XI anm'the shavings of a hide when it is smoothed. 
[Ar. s. v. Til I ed. XS3SX, ed. Koh. XSfflX.] 

n&tiS, HSti^S f. (b. h. n'siox; rtsai, nsaj, to 7>eap 
«p, cmp. Is. XIII, 2J Ps. XXII, 16) jnfe, dunghill. Y. 
Keth. I, 25 d bot. "iX. Hull. 12 a ; a. fr.— 'Xn 1S1B (b. h. 
n&fflxn 115, rfifflfi 'ill) ff^i ffato, name of a Jerusalem gate. 
Sabb. 15 a ; a. fr.— PI. rviSKUX. Ex. B. s. 10 'X S31N four 
heaps (of dead frogs,=b. h. di"ian); a. fr.— Euphem. 
'xb imsa msiw^ means to prevent conception (applied to 
both, man a. woman). Keth. VII, 5. (Ib., 72 a , ace. to 
Boraitha, literally, 'to draw water and pomr it out on 
the dunghill' — as a foolish act). Gen. B. s. 85, ref. to Gen. 
XXXVIII, 7.— [Homiletic interpretation of iriSfflX i», 
Lam. HI, 13, 'the sons of those laid low' (conquered); 
Lam. B. a. 1., Esth. B. to I, l b , v. X^Six, XS^IX.] 

"HlStiS Ab. Zar. 20 b , X1BU5X. 

rnSfflSS! f. (=h. rtpja q. v.) basket, as a measure, 
emp.SMSis. Y.,'22 d top.— PI. nr&BUJX. Ibid. (ed. 
nrfjfflSX, corr. ace). 

~©©Stf m. (b. h.; IBB, omp. x"jB1'fi) a goodly piece 
(cmp. !*5ti£;), a certain quantity of meat, eshpar. Pes.36 b 
'31 inx 'X an eshpar is one sixth of a bullock (as if com- 
posed of tiitU and IB; cmp. 1B6K). 

fcVlS^N! m. (IBB) ffie scourer of dresses. PI. '•iBBi. 
At). Zar. 20* (Ms. M. i-PBl»X, ed. "niam). 

TB2M, DB^N'f. (b. h. 'iux, v. HB1B8) Ae 0J3 , j>ife, 

dunghill. PI. riin's^x, 'tfjix. Shebi. III.V— Sot. 42 b "ix 
'31 bt! "W piles of slain. ' 

nj^pEJ^ (ftppE^) ashkukah, a fictitious word 
as a disguise ofnsia'Jf, otrfft, I swear (omTp.ipty*, ■fciB'W). 
Ned. 10 b -dlte las xb 'X if one says ashkukah, he has 
said nothing (his vow is not binding); v. nplpllj. 

1"i5(5E5N pr. n. pi. (b. h.) Ashkelon, a Philistian 
< town. Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c ; Sifre Deut. 51, v. xnsiS; a. e.— 
Deriv. ijftptUX m. Ashkelonian. Y. Peahl, IS top.— Pi. 
CMftBttJS, pi .... Kel. XIII, 7 Ashk. levers; a. e. 

^?DjptJJ^ f. (ipffl) transaction, sale. B. Bath. 48 b 
signed as one of the witnesses 'XXI XSIlaX both on the 
owner's protest against the forced sale and on the deed 
of sale. 

ppm/^^, ^«, *&& m.(v.K| ? l ? B) Ofm 
pfae«, sfVeef. Targ. II Esth.VI, 9; 'a. e.— Y. Taan. III,66 C 
hot.— PI. ^ppfflX&c. Targ. Esth. IX, 14 X=ba 'X the royal 
markets. Targ. Y. I Deut. XXIX, 16; a. e. 

"HEJ^ ,(b. h. /ax, cmp. next w.; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. 
v., as to opinions on etymol.) [being,} who, which. Ber. 
ll b '31 ina.'X who hast chosen us; a. v. fr. (in prayer 
formulas).— In Talm. mostly prefix-IB. 

~)0&$ (b. h., l/ax, v. UitSJx) to exist, be strong, happy; 
v. -«j\ T 

Pi. Ili^X, 11BX (b. h.) 1) to eawW, praise, declare happy. 
Pesik. B. s. 45 d^ffiXa Winn he commenced by declaring 
them happy; v. "^ltSXy — 2) fe> substantiate; to verify, attest 
to. Num. B. s; 14 -ynn nx "llBfcA to, give strength to the 
legal decision, Y. Gitt. IX, 50 c bot in!D"ll»">X (iniilfflix) 
we have verified it in the presence of &c. — Part. pass. 
"iSSXa 1) firm, strong. Gen. B. s..< 15, beg. the bux-tree 
is called -ffiBXFl because it is '31 'Xa the strongest of all 
(cmp. blSJX). Y. Succ. Ill, 54 a top; Y. Meg. I, 72 a top 
'31 -,1:33113' 'XOh the strongest (expression) of all, is Halle- 
lujah. — 2) substantial, good, rich. Gen. K. s. 90, end (ref. 
to -11BX 1=2 nx Gen. XLI, 56) dna'tB TpffilXan the best 
stores of all. lb. s. 28. — Snh. 22 a is called Ashurith rVlliilXatti 
anaa becauseits characters'are substantial (Ar. -ilBlJtaas); 
Y. M'eg. I, 7;i b bot.; Y. Sot. VII, 21 c top. 

Hithpa. -iffixnn to be setup, be erected.. Sifra K'dosh. 
beg. (play on bi'iBJK) d^inxa d^xna dni» d© b» because 
they are put up by others. 

""©&$ oh. same. \Ithpe. IttSniX to be strengthened. 
Targ. Y.' Deut. X, 2 1lBHii ) pro b. to be read 1SW, v. 

Pa. IffiX 1) to make strong. Keth. 10 b ; Gitt. 70 a (dates) 
■pffiXa give strength. — 2) to confirm, verify; also to credit, 
{consider true). Keth. 21 a '31 'iiTO-iiBX we verified it &c, 
v. preced — Gitt. 30 b (prov.) '31 'x'n">a -pan if you are 
told, 'your friend is dead', believe it; 'your friend has 
grown rich' IlKXfl xl= don't trust. 

"lOfiS m. (b. h.), only in plur. constr. "^rt!3x the hap- 
piness of!, happy is he, are they &c. Pes. 117 a ; a. fr. — 
Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXXIV i&OIBK happy am I.— Yoma 
VIII, 9 tD^TOX happy are ye. ±b/87 a d'p'nslj dn^UDX 
happy are the righteous; a. fr. 

fcotsa, v. x^x. 

"'^H^ m - p 1 - ( y - ""??? Pa -) sale ° n trust > deWs f° r 

goods sold. Pes. 113 a '31 'X "ha in all sales on trust it is 
doubtful, whether it (the money) will be forthcoming or 
not, and if it is, it is bad money, (partial payment, bad 
coins &c).— B. Mets. 63 b '31 'X ilri> hTK he has debts to collect. 
B. Bath. 22 a 'SI 'X ))> ri^X we have outstanding, debts to 
collect (and we must stay until we have collected them). 

'i&nttfx, v. ^x. 

FHtSN, f. legal attestation. Y. Gitt. IX, 50 c bot. 

'psii'in ffym; v. xrniEX. 

fV$#, v. m*. 

^WHE^ f. (i-fi») causing to dwell, dwelling. Targ. 
Is. LXVI, T 1; a. e. 

fcO"]^ m. (-I115X; cmp. XffiX) wall. Ezra V, 3. 

fctTnttJX f. (-I1B8) strength! health!, a greeting ex- 
tended tolaboring men; cmp. -iC'JX. Gitt. 62 a . 

JSfTllSX, Stf'T^ f. (-iSJ») 1) legal attestation. Keth. 
21 b ,a. T eNi b '' 1 TTX theattestation by judges (h. u ,ijii-in h^X, 
v. n"lffiX). B. Bath. 163 a 'xb di*IS -pa (Ar. a. Ms. XIBX) 
the space between the signature of the witnesses and 
the legal attestation.— 2) (cmp. i«S) outstanding debts 
for goods sold. Gitt. 14 a R. S. had '31 iVa-iST 'X money 
outstanding in Mahuza for garments sold. 

fflli)^ (b. h. r.) 1) (]/"BX) to glitter, be polished; v. 
BX a. next ws.— 2) (sec. r. of ffilX) to be thick, substantial; 
to' be pressed, dark, v. •)««, XU1U3X, nifflx, bwx, 11t!X &c^ 

Pi. lSia^X to make firm, found. Part. pass. UJffilXa. 
Pesik. Bahod. p. 101 b ; Cant. E. to II, 5 (play on ashishoth, 
Cant.l.c.)ni!B®1Xan main well-founded decisions. V.'iilX 

2J©!^ m. (preced. l)acrystal or'ball reflecting the light, 
reflector (v. next w.). Y. E. Hash. II,58 a bot.if the reflection 

StfrPJMfc? ch.same;v.8rptt5lBS. Num.B.s.l2Smi!)SlD 
KVnapl (read ! 1B«). Yalk.Ex.'lSe'sniDS; (Tanh.Vaeral4; 

Ex. b. s. 12 tarns). 

n©5< Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 d bot. bTip 'S, v. flfflin. 

^D^ f. fire, v. am— [Yalk. Ex. 186, v. Striate.] 

Xl!)ti# six, v. SMTS. 

HlSFlE^ m. <Ae s^ft. Targ. I Chr. XII, 11. 

&n?K2JN,- 'l£*<# (contr. of S^ SFiia, with 'S pref.) tfws 
year^Y. Maas. Sh.'lV, 55 b . 

"I^ri^^, "l^nril^iS! m.(^WU)resistance, rebellion. 
EzraIV,15'; i9.— Targ." Lam. 1,1 'S nsniri (read's"! S3in). 

!tfffl v 3FllE5lSI f. (^1!)) being cast about, shaking. 
Targ. fs. VII, 2 (Ar. filVWS). 

SOIDE^ Ithpe. of illl). 

^EJiFlUJItf m.(bati), v. next w.) confusion, nonsense. 
Hull. 84 b '31 "iasp 'X he talks nonsense, let his inter- 
preter (S^ias) be taken away from him (v. Bashi a. 1. 
for diff. version, a. conception of Silas). 

DQiiTlJZ^, 'l^S (Ithpe. of bail); cmp. Dan. IV, 16) 
he was confounded, siood aghast. Hull. 21 a ; Sabb. 47 a . 

DIDlnfflX Yalk.Lev.568'S!l 1H1, read rraibpfflSfi nj. 

"lini23!S!, HiFl255 pr. n. m. 4s/ifor. Y. Bice. I, 64 a 

'^MJS, v.'^S. 

StfQ^?l©Nl m. (bill)) mart, distinction. Ab. Zar.4l a 
'=1 'S "YOb inpsa Ar. (ed. Ka^fflB'*!*) at first it was 
thought the ring in the hand of a statue was a mere 
distinction (not typical of any religious idea), but after- 
wards it was found out that (it represents the idea that) 
he (the bearer of it) seals himself for death as a vicarious 
sacrifice for the whole world. 


fcClTlIEIS! pr. n. m. Ishtitha. Erub. 52 a Ar. (ed. Sttnil^S, 
Var. *ini2)iX, Ms. "TUDiS; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) 

^n^lTpiril^ f., constr. MpbttlBS (Tibll)) fainting. 
Targ. T Ps. CXLH, 4. 

2HiO^J8 I (v. next w.) 1) to satisfy one's self from 
the evidence 'of friends, to have one identified: Yeb. 39 1 ' 
'31 ninaa iTTOIlaniBS Ar. (ed. IttnSHlaniDiS) we satis- 
fied ourselves about him that he is the brother &c. — 

2) to recognise. Targ. Gen. XLII, 7 ; 8 ; a. fr. — 3) to be 
recognized, known. Targ. Y. Ex. XXI, 36; a. fr.' — 4) to 
introduce one's self, to befriend. Targ. Buth II, 19; a. e. 

2niQ?KIJ^ II m. (Ishtaf. of the form snia) one who 
proved himself a friend, acquaintance. Targ. Ruth II, 1 ; 
III, 2. 

NfflSJliD^^ f. (v. preced.) 1) partiality, pre- 
ferment. Targ. Is.' III, 9 (h. text biJS. M3I-I).— 2) that by 
which one is recognized, distinctive feature. Targ. Y. Gen. 
xlix, 5 (h. text 'ni-oa=='rYh3a). 

IDDFlttJStf, fctD^DCHZ?^ f.(baii)) desolation. Targ. 
Zeph. II,"l3;'a. e. V 

"l&iTlffiltf (contr. of nbS StllUs, cmp. l&iSIK) sixteen. 
Targ.~i : Chr:'lV, 27; a. e. 

^ill^Snffl^ f. (*>SU)) narration, tale, speech. Targ. Y. 
Gen. IX, 2V Targ. Y. Lev. XVI, 6; a. e. 

IQD^FffiJItf f. (basil)) devastation. Targ. II Chron. 

xxrx, T 8"!" 

"Ij?F©X 1) (contr. of risa'ip SW1?) last year; cmp. 
S u jFill?S. T Y.''Gitt. Ill, end, 45^ 'H bll)a )W 'old produces' 
means last year's crop. Bets. 5 b ; a. fr.— 2) (contr. of 
"ip StSB) previously, ere this. Targ. Y. Lev. XVI, 21. 

^WH^ip^, corr. sni^Pias. Targ. Is. VII, 2, ed. 

T\ &t, tD J n i&Athbash, a method of interchanging 
the first letter of the Alphabet (S) with the last (n), the 
second (3) with the last but one (11)), the third from the 
beginning (3) with the third from the end ("1), &c. Num. 
B. s. 13.— lb. s. 18 ha ll»"nS3 "|1D1D Sheshach (Jer. 
XXV, 26) represents Babel by the rule of athbash. 

™ricS formative prefix of the Ithpa., Ithpe. and Ithpo., 
and corresponding nouns; in Talmud mostly ~TptA; cmp. 
"61* a. "b"iS. [For words not to be found here v. sub 
-ffW, a. vice versa.] 

FlNl c. (b. h. BS f.; contr, of rOS) thou. Targ. Gen. 
111,1 l;— Y.Snh;I,19 a top'pn la nsi and thou sayest 
so?— [In Talmudic argumentation "lalS ns (ntlS); Chald. 
lax ns, la nx thou sayest, rrb nil a nut thou callest it, 
frequently applied to Scripture texts as though address- 
ing an opponent.] Lev. B. s. 10, end Una bx lalX nsi 
'31 and yet the Scripture says, 'To the entrance of the 
Tabernacle'l i. e. how is this possible? — Y. Pes. V, 32° 
psxb rpi-n la nx Scripture says 'And it shall turn into 
dust'.— Y. Kil. viil, 3i b top rtab max Kb las ns*> p 
las ns, [add the respective bibl. verses after each las a. 
read PrtaS for filaS] there where it reads, 'thou shalt 
not' &c. (Lev. XIX, 19), the text gives ho reason why; 
therefore it is repeated (Deut.XXII, 9 adding the reason) ; 
a, fr.— [las nsl contr. Ha m q. v.]— PL ?ins Cjtti), (WX) 
m. fFiS f. ye. Targ. Ps. CXIV, 6 "prun Ms. (omitted in . 
ed., and third person). Targ. Is. Ill, 14. Targ. Ezek. 

XIII, 20; a. fr.— Y. Snh. VI, 23 d top flM fin Hal (read 
'proa) and what is it ye want ? T. Keth. XII, 35 a -JlPitt 
■jimax ^esaid so; a. fr.— Snh. 109 a iasi VIXI (v. Bashi 
a. 1., Ms. 13S JYW 1SM1, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) that 
ye are thieves. V. tinx, MX. 

na, na, arwi, ainx . (=b. ^ nix ; fr . nxn, 

or ixn, sec. r. of fix or IX ; as to reject, of radical 1 or 
Si, cmp. 3N, nk &c.) sign, type; letter (v. nix II). Targ. 
Ex. XIII, 16; a. fr.— Targ. Is. VII, 11; a. fr.— Pi. fm, 
Xinx. Targ. Gen. I, 14. Targ. Ps. LXXIV, 4; a. e.— 

-pinx, 'pinx, aniinx, ixinx, xniinx (ins). Targ. Ps. l. c. 

Targ. 0. T isrunj.Yl,'2 ed* Berl. '^nx. Var. "jinx, ^inX; Y. 
■pinx (v. Berl. Targ..O. II, p. 39); a. fr.— KoU B. to I, 13 
■jXinx Tl five letters of acrostics— iiinx (iiinx, iiniX). 
Num. B. s. 13, end '31 "pill 'X the letters composing the 
one word (TilSp) are the same as those composing the 
other (nsip). 

SIS, HS (b. h.; cmp. mx, hi; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.; 
cmp. hixlll) {essence], a particle of the objective ease, 
but also used as a noun, the thing (which) (cmp. Koh. 

IV, 3, v. nix in). Ohol. II, 4 libs » nx that upon 

which Zeb. 72 b ; Bets. 3 b lUTO rYUoV teTUB nx we 

read (Orl. Ill, 7) that which it is customary to count 
singly, opp. '31 13111!) ia whatever is sometimes counted 
singly; a. fr.- — Ber. I, 1 Sail) nx y*Vp we read the Sh'ma', 
a. v., fr.— [The fact that hX as a particle of the objective 
case ' may be dispensed with, and that hX (fr. FiFiN to 
join) may have the meaning of with, gave rise to a method 
of Biblical interpretation by which, wherever hX occurs 
in the Bible, esp. in laws, an amplification by implication 
is looted for.] Pes. 22 b '31 rYO"lS> hX the word eth (Deut. 
X, 20 [with] the Lord thy God thou shalt fear [some 
one else] intimates that we must pay reverence to the 
scholars next to God. lb, 11)111 &6 hX "pixl and as to 
the other authority (that differs) ? He does not interpret 
eth (as having a particular meaning); a. fr.— PZ. bin*, 
"pHS the word eth occurring in Scripture, as a substratum 
for interpretation. lb. '31 'x )>5 Bill mn used to inter- 
pret every eth in the Law; a. fr. Num. B. s. 10 Mix ft 
'31 'X "xo this is one of the three eths &c. 

#£$1 letter, sign, v. rt*. 

fcClX, 5*n^ll ch. (b. h. tinx, xnx; sec. r. of nix I 
q. v.) [to join,] to come, to arrive; to occur to. Targ. Gen. 
XIX, 9; a. fr.— Y. Peah III, 17 d hot. '31 Xia 1 © iXhX the 

case came before Gen.B-s,68 ( Gen. XXVIII, 

11) Stfflatt) 'X the Sun (Jacob) has arrived. Snh. 98 lj 
rWOlTX X^l \1ii he (the Messiah) will come, but I do 
not desire to live to see him (to pass through the trials 
preceding his arrival). — "1 ii ihiR may it come home 
to me that I did — , i. e. I believe to have merited divine 
reward. Meg. 28 a ; a. fr.— xVl iVs HY" may it come home 
to me that I did not- — ; a formula of assurance, surely, 
indeed. Y.Ber. II, 5 C bot.; a. fr.; (v. i^S Xiai, s.v. Xia).— 
Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c top "1 Tin (sub. 'bty.—Imperat. Xh 
(Y.. xniX). Gitt. 57 a a. fr, iff! Xn ; Y. Dem. VI, 25 b top 
iah xmx;. in Bab. usu. Sail) xn (abbr. iB"n) come and 

see, come and hear, i. e. »I will prove it.— "3 XihX it 
comes like, i. e. it is in accordance with the opinion of. 
— Y. Naz. VI, 54 d bot.; a. v. fr.— Xiihl=XihXl. Ibid. c 
bot. ffptn iJhl X1J13 XiTI (ed. Krot. incorr. XWl) 
iFl.— Y. Keth. IV, 28 d top '31 "pixm (read "inX!) and 

those differences of opinion correspond to .— XTX 

iilipB mips the expression pahad occurs in two Biblical 
passages, (iltel illtel Xinx and the expression zakhar 
occurs in two passages, i. e. draw an analogy between 
the respective Bible laws in which the same expressions 
are used, so as to cast a light upon each other. B. Hash. 
ll a ; a. fr. [Xi&3 xnx Y. Meg. II, 73 b , a. e., read SOWSttiS* 
q.v.] [Targ. Y. II Deut. XXXIII, 16 ',ir«,3rd pers.fem.futj 

Af- hr !^> T> h & T 1 ^ to bring, carry, cause to come. 
Targ. Gen. IV, 3 ; a. fr.— TlTl XSa (SOTia, pa) whence 
wilt thou bring (evidence), how will you prove it? Y. 
B. Mets. Ill, beg. 9 a ; a. v. fr.— Slhiia, Tiia, tft bring- 
ing, to bring. Y. Peah I, 15 c top '31 'a ii>a he desired 
to bring it to them. lb. Tfihiia rfitei xb I cannot 
bring it.— Tiiib, Tib let him bring. Sabb. 109 b ; a. fr.— 
iiiinix^, iiiihx^ (cmp. hX) to bring in, to include, opp. 
ipl&xi; v. pBX. ixa '»i what is to be implied (in addi- 
tion to what is explicitly stated)? Tem. 2 a i(*a "Vb bsfl 
what does hakkol (all) come to imply?— Haf. THin 
same. Dan. V, 13; a. e. 

Ittaf. inifiX (Tinx, ThX) to be brought, offered. Targ. 
Gen. XXXIII, 11. Targ. Lev. XIII, 2; a, e. 

£tri!^ Ill f. (b. h. E5S, eji») the constellation called 
the Great Bear, Ursa Major. Ber. 58 b Ms. M. (ed. XrYii, 
v. Babb. D. S. a. 1., a. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. IBS). 

^wans, s^wri^ m^wfm t. (i»av« 9 t«) 

immortality^ Cant. B.' to I, 3 ( T referr. T to ma-bs, Ps. 
XL VIII, 15) '31 'X 'ps S5in Aquila translates it athanasia 
(nia-^X), a world in which there is no death ; Y. Meg. 
II,73 b Xi&3 xnx (combine into onew.); Y.M.Kat.III,83 b 
bot. Ar. (ed. Xlt) Xinx corr. ace); Lev. B. s. 11, end 
(ed. incorr. transp.). 

CSiD 'rips f. (U511) stamping upon, trampling. Targ. 
Is. XXII, : 5.' 

t\7^ m., nx f. (b. h.;=riniX, v. teSX) thou. Ber. ll a ;— lalx nn'x, v.nx.— PI. anx, }mye. Ber.I, l; 
— B. Hash. 25 a '31 diaSB "S 'X 'X 'X three times attem 
is written (tirix, without 1) ; v. *feiBX. SifraEmorIX, 9 ; a. fr. 

'llTlX, v. mix. 
init ye, v. nx. 
S^inSSl sign, pi. ixinx, liinx, v. nx. 

mrm, v. » 

11?l|^, v. XMnXII. Dan. HI, 6; a. e. 

W^l4fli««», v. &;inx. 

WIPlX II m. Onx, sec. r. of mx, v. rm) 1) (cmp. 
■|BX, ]w-, X311BX) fire-place, stove. Targ. Ex,. XIX, 18; 

a. e.— Keth. 67 b '31 '& Nllnrt a fire-place of which the fire 
has been scraped out. Esth.B. to 1, 12 fTWljsa '^215 pl*i" 
cast sulphur into his stove i. e. inflame his passion. — 2) v'. 

win« (wina, ■ wipust, **. wwa) m. ( v. 

preced.,=h. "jlCX) density, intensiveness, essence. Targ. 
Prov. XX, 20 SOTOITI 'K -ps as darkness itself (h. text 

■payja with a). Cmp. ir™. 

"lIFlfct, t'ln^ ch.=h. 1S11BK. Targ. Gen. II, 14; a.e.— 
Deriv. HS^nx, rrw'WiK Assyrian. lb. X, 11; a. e. 

yHlnjS; (=h. d^lffiX; 11B=1TO, v. irniFtbiX) 
ankles, footsteps. Tavg.Ps.XL, 3 some ed. (oth. iinab^). 

^inna, v. bnn. 

^rjipfliTl^ f. (inn) beginning. Sot. 41 b top; a. fr. 

srownri^ or am 331x4* t opn) ^a^. T arg . 

Ps. XXXI, 2V. ' 

spflfc? m. (-jW) etwrf, hardened, fastened. Targ. Job 
XLI, 16 (Ms. •qvo, h. text pisi). 

mm, v. next w. 

> WTI8, W1PW (coir. «■*«), rDTlK pr. n. pi. 

(iid5jvai, ace— uc,) Athens, the capital of Attica; inTalm. 
liter, freq. mentioned for wisdom and wit. Bekh. 8 b "OB 
"l!"lN til the elders (sages) of the Athenian school. Lam. 
E. to I, 1, s. v. Babbathi, freq. nbipix a. bJTiX. 

^ffiDiTI&t f.(-ni) smelting, casting. Targ. Job XXX VII, 
10 (some ed. t\»). Targ. Y. Lev. XX, 14. Targ. I Kings 
VII, 24. 


WiOS, JSDISDSriNl f. (SM) humiliation. Targ. 
Jer. m,' 25; a. e/ 

8CT&0D2OSI f. 0*3) bending. Midr.Prov.toXXII,6 
'X ni ni» can be bent. 

&" l 'D' 1 b!rii< m. (a&X^TTjc) athlete, prize-fighter. Gen. 
E. s. 77 'kS (Ar. Var. 'n» — PI. plrtra. lb. s. 22 — 
diDiinx Ex. B. s. 21, end. T'lamd. Emor (quot. in Ar.) 
pt»33 pB^nNfl 3'TlNl ftirm pspin first the trumpet is 
blown (signal), and then the fighters enter (metaphor 
of the sounding of the Shofar on the New Year, conquest 
of sin on the Day 1 of Atonement, and carrying the palm 
on Succoth ; v. p^S). 

^nQriJS m. (lnar\) strangeness; strange! it sounds 
curious; sometimes used as a mere exclamation mark. 
Gen. E. s. 4 '31 '« ffiOT and God made?! Is it not by 
his word that things were created? lb. s. 5. Pesik. E. 
s. 31; a. fr. 

blQ^ oh., v. teem-. 

bUTDSDriltf f. (-pa) humiliation, lowliness. Targ. 
Ps. CXXXVI, 23. 

fcOlbDniS! m. (-pa) counsel, plan, plot. PI. ptftom. 
Targ/jer. XVHI, 23. 

^^JOElX f. (^a) counting, being counted. Targ. 
Nab..' I, 12.' ' •'-•..-.. 

)T$, v. w 

fcCn&t, Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 ,J hot. KTt) % v. &TO3l*nx. 

(SlDri^, MFlX, fcODISt f. (h. pm) sfce-oSs; Targ. 
NumTxXII, 21 T ;— A^SPK, 13™ fW), K*?n« ('nx). 
Targ. Gen. XXXII, 15. Targ. I Sam. IX, 3; a* e*. ' 

'DFl&Wij'w fix thou art it. Y. Yeb. XV, 15 a . 

&^ri«, v. »S. 

n^b^jri!^, read Sl^WM*-, v. STOSKniS;. 

"jDriiS m. (b. h.; run to A»Ve) harlot's hire. Tem. 
VI, 2 (29 a ) (as ' 


(h. h.=in d 

'• rtq) & 

previous occasion. Y. Bets. II, 61 b bot.; 

n*f wfi& K^Dsrus, v. « 

nJJOJDH f. (iffli) oblivion, forgetfulness. Targ. Is. 
XLIX| 15! : 

Xrj^l^D^ f. (lis) inciting, exciting the funeral 
escort to weeping. Targ. Job III, 7. 

rfiJPSnjS, Num. E. s. 13, beg.. '3t '1 'X read p&Snx, 

v. &■$. • . 

abffiprw, v. M^ptjM. .'..;' 

fcO^jTlit f. (bap) iffiwj. Targ. Jud. VII, 18 Ar., 
ed. Buxt.Y. oth. &&Bpa. 

rniDpHSS! f. (nap) cutting of, destruction. Targ. 
Ezek. Vli.'25. 

XPfijSTlN, /sTPN! f. (f)ph) seizing; whence refutation, 
objection. B. Bath. 129 a ; Hag. 9 h "1 'X objection raised 
by ... . 

iriJJ,' "0$, ^"[1?^ o. ,(=1Sh«, denom. of S«, 
corresp. to h. dipa, fr. dp) place, town. Targ. Gen. 
XXII, 3; a. fr.— Ber. 63 a . Gen. E. s.39 (prov.) PKb mm 
'31 removal from house to house (costs) a shirt ;— from 
town to town, a life. Ex. E. s. 45, end '31 ^ fiVSB finsi 
my (the Lord's) place is an accidental attribute to me, 
hut I am not accidental to my place; cmp. dipa.— Ned. 
49 a , '31 rfnret.'tt la the one follows the custom of 
his place and the other that of his. B. Bath. 124 b pllnxb 
to our place.— PA pnm, K*"irK. Targ. Jud. XIX, 13; — Y.Ber. II, 4 C pSd '!* }p from many places (passages, 
authorities); Pesik. B. s. 22 -Wn« bWl (corr. ace.)— 
Denom. snllfilS local custom. PI. KniTnns. Gitt. 89 a 'X 


IHJiS the customs of the places are divided.— nnxa, nwa 
in place of, instead; inconsequence of, because of, for (cor- 
resp. to h. MtPi). Targ. II Chr. VI, 10; a. fr.— Targ. Job 
VIII, 4; a. fr.— V. 103.— inx hs (contr. in!?!* q. v.) On 
the spot, presently. Y. Ber. I, 3 C . lb. II, 4 b , a. fr. 

&CTTJ2TTI1SI f. (ansn, Palp, of an) &oas<, jpWde. 
Targ/zech. XII, 7; a. e. 

atfynrei m ., jARBj-uirN f. (»r» «*«; «o% 

crowd, rtof '. Targ. Jer. XXV, 3 i . 'Targ. Is. XVII, 1 2 ; a. fr — 
PL ^ttknm, i^ttJW'TW.f. 'KniBmnst. Targ. Job XVIII, 11. 
Targ. Bzek. XXXIX, 16; a.'e. 

Jliri^ m. (Sin=5111J q. v.) [the shining,] Ethrog, a 
kind of orange or citron used with the festive wreath 
on the Feast of Booths (=nirt ys ilB Lev. XXIII, 40; v. 
Targ.). Succ. Ill, 5; a. fr. Gen. K. s. 15. Lev. B. s. 30, 
end.— PL "pjiin*. Maasr. I, 4. Succ. IV, 9 "irffiinn&a 
with their ethrogim (which they had brought into the 
Temple); a. e. 

^ji"lP^, SjUl"!^ ch. same. Targ. II Esth. VII, 10 

(tree; fern.):— PL'^Vrm, TB*. Targ. O. Lev. XXIII, 40. 
—Targ. II Esth. Ill, 8 JOiSiins our own citrons.— V. S.™. 

itJ|3 ! nriS m. (an affected pronunciation of SttViH*; 
v. KSMnPl; Pers. turundj)=!Aiiins. Kidd.70 a 'X nai!*n ^3 
'31 whoever says jEX/srwwj'a betrays a third (goodly) portion 
of haughtiness; either say Ethrog (hebr.) as the Babbis 
do, or Ethroga (oh.) as the people do. Cmp. srC'lflJW, 

NJlliri^, pi. Ktmnrw, v. im. 

^T]"Vli^m.(Yt^) reliance, trust. Targ.Is.XXX,2;3 
(ed. Vien. Kiirfins). 

&^^IX==&^m™,.v. snx. 

riDi-ina, v. &^. 

S^Dlb^JnD^ f. (Wi) slacking, faintness. Targ. Jer. 
XL VII, 3. ! ! ' 

SXPriN, v. txnem. 

3 Beth, the second letter of the Alphabet. Its sound 
lies betwen p (S) and v (1), whence its interchange with 
either, e. g. np&rl and IpSrt; 83 (X3X) and Nil.— a also 
interchanges with a, as XrTObia a. ittTO^a;' cmp. b. h. 

a'ba a. ab&. 

21 often rejected as a last radical letter, e. g. 1h=31P, 

H as a numeral letter, two; v. 'K. 

"21 1 prefix (b. h.) in, within, on &c. WO 13 on that 
day; Dlpa Ifll&O in that very place; S"pai ftiJ^a from it 
and in it, i. e. out of the very thing. B. Mets. 101 b 
i"P31 iYOTa . . . X15K she hired carriers, paying them from 
the very wine which the man had placed in her store- 
room.— lia=liha. T. Ber. II, 4 C hot. ; a. fr. 

"21 II (contr. of 13) son of. Vf*V\ "a son of R. Hiya. 


IX21I m. (=«?!*) *1) father. Targ. 0. Num. in, 24; 
30 S<a tva an (and through the entire chapter ed. Berl. ; 
oth. ed. 838).— 2) pr. n. m. Ba=Abba. Y. Ber. I, 2 C top 
(interchanging with X3X); a. v. fr. in Y., v. K3KII. 

5^2211 m.=sria, house. Targ. Is.V,8 

!X2lIII m. (part, of Kia) coming, future. xafi sVw 
(abbr. aiY'lS) the world to come, futurity. Sim. X, 1 ; 
a. fr.— !*a?ft (Bab.), vsb (Y.) in future. 'Vi yxsa (pia) 

from this date and further, opp. SlSa^ retrospectively, 
or xnp^sa in the past. Pes. 7 b Saffla tb it refers to an 
act to be performed. Snh. 27 a '31 fiVi p^a he becomes 
disqualified as a witness from now and in future (previous 
testimonies not being effected). Y. Ter. I, 40 b hot. ; a. fr. 
—V. stia. 

31X21, v. aa, 

IXJJSX21, JXJ21 m. (513 dial, for p13, cmp. Spa) valley, 
plain; (=h. fWpa) a group of fields belonging to several 
owners, rural community. B. Bath. 29 a one single field 
'83 rrtiaa (Ms. H. a. 0. nViaa) in the whole plain. B. 
Mets. 22 b '31 SSnxa 'a we need not presume an entire 
plain to be the property of minors; a. e. — PL "fyXZ, "V3. 
Pes. 8 b those students '33 ^ITl that are lodged in the 
rural districts (and come to town for their studies). B. 
Kam.ll3 b (v.Kabb.D.S.a.l. for diff. vers.). B.Mets.73 a ; 

fctrfUiG, Succ. 52°, v. fiijwisa. 

fUSD, ^3*0, v. W . 

*&CJRS2l m. (v.JWSG) 1) cavity in the field, pool. PL 
"'MKS. B. Kam. 61 b top, Ms. M. iJSKS q. v.— 2) (cmp. 
S^pai, a. Spa Josh. IX, 4) broken or burst water-vessel. 
—PL as above. Ber. 58 a tifi* ''SIKa Ms. M. (read X*fy v. 
S-I; ed. 1SS3, read iSSSJ; Ms. P. iJM 'Siffil JiJSKS, read: 
'3 Cji&ni)5 OT '3, v. iJSW) whither do the broken vessels 
go? (i. e. what has the blind man to do here?). 



")"P^> 1^2) 1"3 t pr. n. pi. Badan, a Samaritan 
place noted for its pomegranats. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. 
VI, 10 'X3; Kel. XVII, 5 ]X13. Oil. Ill, 7; Bets. 3 b . 

T\\82, Targ. Prov. XXIV, 12 read ipsa, v. Xp3. 

(lUJWS f. (b. h. &HDX3) [sour,] an inferior kind of 
grapes, unripe grapes. Y. Maasr. I, 48 d '1X3 IXlpiffla 
(corr. ace.) when they are called b'ushah; v. UJxa 4).— 
PI. ■pBH&a. Maasr. I, 2 Y. ed., v. "|11B31X. 

riliSS f. (na3; cmp. Lat. noctua) I) night-bird, owl 
(for nattSl-l- Lev. XI, 18). Hull. 63 a Pfl&lSaffl 'X3 (Ar. 
nxi3) the bavath among the birds. — 2) groper in the dark, 
mole or salamander (for nafflsn Lev. XI, 30). lb. '3 
DixianU} the bavath among the reptiles. [Targ. 0. for 
1): XPrta; for 2): XWlttJX q. v.; v. also X'TOalsb.— Var; 

in Targ.'o. to Lev. xi,, 18 xnaa, xnia, xriia,' xaia, v. 

Berl. Targ. 0. II, p. 34.] 

TiltO, W v. wan. 

■p^ttO, v. next w. 

"]"l^t?!<S m. pi. (Pers. bazyaran, PI., B. Hai Gaon) 
falconers. Sabb. 94 a "31 (X01&) Ar. (some ed. 1 for 1; ed. 
■jWl ^3, Ms. )i-m ia, TlXHt 13, corr. ace.) the falconers' 
horse (used for carrying falcons, hawks &c. on his back). 

NEl!tf3, Nt3S m.^a-zoz) prickly roach, a forbidden 
fish.— r -Pl. ^OXa/iDa. Ab. Zar. 39 a '83 PliV„i"ip mm ed. 
(Ar. iaa) that he (the Gentile) called the brine bate. 

"TQto, ^talS pr.n.m. jSa«. Gitt.ll a as an un- Jewish 
name, v/prta.' Ib.Zar.76 b ; Kidd. 70 b (iaa) B. bar Tobi, 
name of a freedman. 

"TT2&0, Yalk. Ps. 662 '3 X^p Pfi, read fbiasipN. 

^^S, I^Sl m. (pdi'ov-paic, a Coptic word; de- 
nomin. (SatNoi;; cmp. I Mace. XIII, 51) palm-leaf , palm- 
branch. Lev. B. s. 30; Pesik. Ul'kah. p. 180 a "p5X3 (read 
•p3iX3 pAtvov); Tanh. Emorl8 'pSX (corr. ace; ed. Bub. 27 
115X [!]); Talk. Lev. 651.— Midr. Till, to Ps. XVII X31; 
Yalk. Ps. 670 yva'n (corr. ace); v. ^Miax. 

nQ" 1 ^ (=naix 13) pr. n. pi. JB'imaA or lmah. Y. 
Orl. end,*63 b ; Tosef. Kil. II, 16 Sialx ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. 
xaix) ; v. next w. 

JlD" 1 ^ (=rtiiK 13) pr. n. pi. B'Inah a. B'Imah (v. 
preced.), two gentile conclaves in Northern Palestine. Y. 
Orl. end, 63 b . Tosef. Kil. II, 16 fi3S ha (Var. tva); cmp. 
rYOS ni3, n5S PP3 Josh. XV, 59; XIX, 38. 


tnt&, ^xa, (h. **$ d a, &« bad, 

displeasing. Tar'g.Gen. XXI, 11; a. fr.— Y.Sabb.VIII, ll a 

bot. '31 ""* 25X31 it displeased B Y. Ber. Ill, 6 a bot.; 

VII,ll c top;a,fr.— 2) to he ill, grow sick. Ned.40 a top.— 
3) (with xab, W»y or XUS3) to be displeased, angry, 

troubled. Targ. Deut. XV, 9; 10 (some ed. BX3i Af.). 
Targ. I. Sam. I, 8; a. e.— Lam. B., introd., end "ffiSi 
"rVs Xiflixa thou art discontented. 

Af. UJX3X, ttJiX3x to make bad; to do evil; to harm 
one (with b or 3 of the person). Targ. I Sam. XII,. 25. 
Targ. Is. XIV, 20; a. fr.— Targ. Gen. XIX, 9. lb. Y. 
XVI, 12; a. fr. 

fctlEPfctjl c. (preced.) sick, a patient. Ber. 22 ab Pilrt '3 
'31 KS!=ip3 Ar. (vers. quot. in marg. note to Ber. 1. c. 
PiTPi '3 f.) (ed. X131S PiTPi Xfflixa, v. Babb. D. S.- a. 1.) 
there was a patient in the anteroom of &c. Sabb.30 a 
'a iapa for the sake of a patient. Cmp. ttjia. '. 

TWW2, v. rndwa. 

n^xa t, t. wha. 

n^S part, of ma. 

.fcC^S, SOS m. ch. (=h. iia, cmp. V131) growth 
(of grass); whence prairie, pasture ground (in moun- 
tains &c.;' cmp. Job. XL, 20 Lev. B. s 22).— Hull. 
80 a '31 US wild goats. V. xbaiWi. 

awjibaa, v. K#a. 

"W2 m. (part, of "bl, contr. of bp)3, cmp.b.h. Pflpfca) 

1) hurrying: Nidd. 26 b iplXT'3 he came in a hurry.— 

2) chasing lb. 17 a 13TH '3 (Tosaf. i)sa) chased the flies 
off. [Var. i*>X3, v. 1^3.] 

"Oita pr.n.m.5aK(06(i>.Y)4,BQcXri«,7^ews). Ber.25 b ; 
Taan. 18 a . Sabb. 17 b ; Ab. Zar. 36 b . Cmp. OiVn. 

* n QSG, "'DSD (Mus. a. Maar.), Cant. B. to III, 4, 
read: ima&lpp Pixuba Wife iropi/r] iraXaiqt xaxoa^r)|j.s, 
thou ungainly old harlot, '31 PiN lrta (not ina) what 
thinkest thou of thyself? Cmp. iJ'I'iB. 

1"HI23&G, read "("iBansta m. (farctum) the stuffing of 
sausage. Y.Sabb.VII,10 a 'bot. '3 Spffla 13 when he puts 
the stuffing in (on the Sabbath) ; v. Na153. 

' ™% v. i?a. 
ItfD&G, v. n«n. 

. ^StfS part, of KSa. 

."Ifcfi ( yxa, v. Xia) 1) to break forth, come to light. 
Denom. 1X3; cmp. Spa. — 2) to be open, clear. — Pi. 1X3 
(b.h.) to proclaim (cmp. Deut. I, 5), to explain; to make 
clear (to one's self), to understand clearly. Y. M. Kat. 
Ill, 83 b top IPiSlBa 1X3b to explain (argue on) what he 
has learned. Koh. B.'to VI, 9 better is he "ttGaSMhtt) 
'31 IPiSUJa who dwells on his studies to make them clear 
to himself, than he who learns to recite fluently.— Part, 
pass. lX3a proven, clear. Yed. Ill, 1 laiPi 'a (Talm. ed. 
'IPl P\S< 'a) from this fact it is proven. 

1$3 ch., Pa. 1X3 same. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 83 b top. X^> 
Plixaa "jiaaPl know not how to make clear (argue). 

1!S3, "PN.3 f. (b. h., preced.) we//, spnny. Gen. E. 
s. 93;" a. fr.— Erub. X, 14 (104 ab ), v. Igrt. Taan. 9 a '3 
tnia niata the well in the desertwas given to the Israe- 
lites for Miriam's sake; a. fr.- — Transf. origin. Y. Sot. 
II, 18 a (play on "(WO, Koh. XII, 1) remember "31 r^xa 
thy well (whence thou earnest), thy pit (grave), thy Creator; 
Lev. B. s. 18, beg.— PI. niixa. Y. Erub. II, beg. 20 a 

Spn 'n, v. ipsi. v. Tian. 

' &t"1^3 ch. same. Targ. Cant. I, 1; v. Wm 

3"l!tf3 m. (dial, for Hp'ia, 'v. p"0 a. deriv.; cmp. fcUKa 
a. KSpa) sparkling, effervescent; white-shining. Ab. Zar. 
30 a '3 lah ptna Ar..(ed. '3 in) by 'sweet wine' we under- 
stand effervescent wine (liquid) (mulsum vinum or mulsa 
aqua, v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Vinum). -Snh. 98 a "3. aWto-quot. 
in Eashi to Ab. Zar. 1. c, Ar. s. v. Kp'na (ed. Np'IS) a 
white-shining horse. [Deriv. fr. Pers. barah is refuted 
by Xp13 being used as an equivalent of our w.; v. also 
Fl. to Levy Talm. Diet. I, 284 a .] 

"H&$3 pr. n. pi. B'erai, 1) ident. with ^a in Galilee. 
Pesik. B'. s. 28; Midr. Till, to Ps. CXXXVII; Yalk. a. l.> 
—2) '3 ia in Babylon, v. wa. 

£W3 (b. h.; yta, v. xia) to be disordered, bad 
(cmp. yn). 

Hif. ajixan- 1) to cause decay, to make smell badly. 
Ex. E. s. 26'; a. e.— 2) (with d*na% or sub. V^Oi) to use 
insulting language. Koh. B. to X, 1.— 3) (neut. v.) to 
deteriorate, ferment, decay. Ter. X, 2 "Wo fnB S"$H 
■plhla Ms. M. (ed. Wa V»i» corr. ace.) though the barley 
has begun to ferment &c. Cant. E. to I, 2 b ditfjtxaa D^an 
liquids grow stale. Pesik.B'shall.p.81 b '3a J1 ill-smelling 
fish.— 4) (v. rnzjwa) [to begin to ferment, to boil,] to be 
in the early stage of ripening, to be b'ushah. Maasr. I, 2 
grapes are subject to the law of tithes 'afiffla from the 
time they would be called b'ushah, cmp. Y.ib.48 d . Shebi. 
IV, 8. Tosef. Maasr. I, 1. 


33, 3N3, &03l m. (reduplic. of 5*3, v. Xi3; cmp. 
b. h. iisa a. xiaa) entrance, door, gate. Targ.Esth. V,14. 
— Sabb.' 32 a , v. snowi a. SSWal. lb. 156 b 'as "np called 
at thp door (begging). Erub. ll b ; a. fr.— PI. 133. Ber. 
58 b ; a. fr. Men. 34 a i3!*a.— Trnsf. (of writings) 'section, 
clause. XWi'3the clause ofthefirstproposition. Sabb.3 a 
top ; a. fr.— Hence »ap. '3 (abbr. p"3), N»i2a '3. (a"3), 
KIHX'3 (3"3) BabaKamma, Baba Metsia, Baba Bathra 
(first, middle, last section), names of three Talmudic 
treatises of the order of N'zikin (civillaw) ; v. pti. [Tosefta 
Kelim is likewise divided into three Babas with the same 
names.].— PI. as above. B. Hash. 33 b '3 i^fi 1 ! MSipPl the 
tune T'kiah in all the three sections. 

33 II, tXltXi 33 pr. n. Bab Nahara (Gate of the 
Biver) name of a tributary ora canal of the Euphrates. Ab. 
Zar. 39 a '3 / ai-(Ms.M. KIWI);- Succ. 18 a (Ms. M. 1 XlrtWI, 
2 SO™ blSl\ cmp. Yeb. 16 b sq.). 

&D3 1, v. a'a i a. ta^aa. 

1^33 II pr. n. m. 1) Baba (ben Buta), a disciple of 
Shammai, blinded by Herod. B.Bath. 3 b . Kerith. VI, 3. 
(Cmp. Jos. Ant. XV, 7, 10.)— 2) B. father of E. Ju'dah. 
Eduy. VI, 1 ; a. fr. 

|TI33 f. (b. h.), only in ps rtaa the pupil of the eye. 
Ex. U. s. 30 W^SSl '$ 'a (some ed. n3; corr. ace.) the 

Lord's &c. V. amaai. 

133 ( n 133) f. hatred (only in Targ. Y.,=!ffiM; T 
rejected through false analogy, v. K33^). Targ. Y. Gen. 
XXV, 11; a. e. . " ; 

,!"IX ! I33 (in Babli), Njaia, fi^Qia (in Y.) f. (onomatop., 
v. Fl/to Levy Chald. Diet. I, 419 a. Fried. Del. Assyr. 
Stud. 1, 142 ; v., however, SXtraa) reflected image in metal, 
water ka.; image, shadow. Ned. 9 b .^4) 'aaa V&anKn 
(Ar. with two 3, corr. ace.) and I was looking at iny 
image (in the water); Tosef. Naz. IV, 7 (Var. svaia); 
Y.Ned. I, 36 cl bot. TTVfQ; Num.B.s.10 Siaia. Yeb.l22 a 
'31 '3 a shadow of a shadow. Ab. Zar. 47 a TH6 Xp db 
he worships the image (in the water). Gen. B. s. 4 '3 
nbYlJ magnified image. Treat. Sof'rim. 111,8 1>U5 'a the 
outlines of an effaced letter. 

N" ,: 133 f. (v. preced.) prop, mirror, hence (from its 
shape) a musical instrument, a little drum, tympanum 
(used at orgies, y. Sm. Ant. s. v. Tympanum). Y. Taan. 
I, 64 b bot. 

■ ^33,v.^a. 

tf ST33I Nfr33_ 0^33) f. (cmp. aa a. rvs>)=n. 

naa, [the innermost,] with XS" 1 ?, pupil of the eye. Targ. 
0. T Deut. XXXII, 10 '$ 1-133 T (pmr.) the pupils of their 
(the Israelites') eyes; [Targ.V. myvn X33 Ar. (ed. ija) 
the innermost or the gates of His thought, v.aai]. Targ. 
Prov. VH, 2 XH33 (Ms. Mrwaa). Targ. Koh. XII, 2 "na 
-])i$ (some ed. 153, 13S, corr. ace). Gitt. 69 a Xmaa. 

*^n' 1 33ll or ^313 f.(v.a^a a. preced.) gutter, 
outlet. "Hull! 85 b SOa*l 'a Vs Ar. (ed. "13) over the outlet 
(wherein the flax is put); v. X3" 1 ?;. 

pri'lSS m. pi. (fr. xaa or fr. t\*p) gate (or lodging) 
money, contribution for the support of traveling poor. 
Y. Dem. Ill, beg. 23 b . 

>33 (b. h.) pr. n. Babel, the city of Babylon; Baby- 
lonia, a country of varying limits, chiefly comprising 
Mesopotamia, a portion of Great Armenia and some 
neighbouring countries east of the Tigris (v. Neub. Geogr. 
p. 320). [Owing to the continued political disturbances 
in Palestine. Babylonia gradually became the centre of 
Jewish scholarship; hence both the frequent comparisons 
and jealousies between the East and the West (Babyh 
a. Palest.); cmp. y^», 'iTfiin, '^a^n. Kidd.69 b ; 71 b . Sot. 
49 b . Y. Snh. I, 19 a '; : Y.'Ned. VI,'40 a hot. 'aVfcttth '3a^a 
(sarcastic imitation of Is. II, 3). Snh, 24 a '3 V>!15 ■iYfia'sn 

Babylonian method (Talmud). '3 ^15 those coming from 
Bab. to visit the Temple, pilgrims. Ned. V,4 '3 '$> bitt 131 
that in which pilgrims from Bab. (i. e. Jews living abroad) 
have a share, as the Temple Mount &c. [Mace. 24 a , a. e. 
'3 bffl man, read ""ail as Ms. M. ; omp. W] 

n*ta, ^bna, &obn|, fco^na m. C h.=h. 

■tea, ^Babylonian. Targ. Josh. VII, 21 '(some ed. ^33). 
—Sabb. 105 b '3 0, thou Babylonian! B. Mete. 85 a xia5 
'3 (Ms. M. ^331 miiabn) the method he had learned in 
Babylonia; cmp. preced.— Y. Sabb.YI, 8 a bot.; a. ir.—Pl. 
1^33. Targ. Ps. CXXXVII, 3. Hull. 45 a '3 .'pan our 
Baby 1. colleagues. Keth.75 a , ^XfflBa '3 foolish Babyl- 
onians.— Fem. Nfrtaa. Targ. 1. c. v. .8.— PL Kn^33, 
KH^aa. Targ. IIEs'th. I, 10.— Sabb. 81 a . 

"P^OS, pr. n. (BajMwv) Babylon. Cant. B. to I, 6 
(a legend about the origin of Borne) and they called it 
'3 'lain Rome-Babylon. 

•^Dil m. (preced. ws.) Babylonian. Pes.66 a 11 V>"n 
HOlel the Babylonian ;—^33, T^33. Yoma66 b ; 
Men. 100 a . Cant. E. to VIII, 9; Lam. B. to I, 13 'pV&Bb 
'al 'a 'pfrtba students' seats in Palestine occupied by Babyl- 
onians ; [for Tl3la Lam. B..1. c.prob. to be read •pfiola]. 

WfySl, v. nrias. 

"jlp^b^D, read Tip^aa m. (Babylonicum) Babyl- 
onian tapestry. Talk. Josh. 18 'a NIMBUS; (Gen.B.s. 85 

Sffbai, v. rigas. 

«fOa, v.^331. 

X2., ,"D 33 "JZl pr.n.m. Ben Bag Bag. B.Kam.27 b ; Kidd. 10 b Joli. son of B. B. 

WH, v. WKa. 

132 (b.h.; v. infra) to act violently, to rebel, be faith- 
less. Snh. 37 a (allud. to Gen'. XXVII, 27) s6k 11153 h"K 
Viaia do not read b'gadav (his garments), but bog^dav 
(his faithless ones). Y. Peah I, 16 b top; Num. R. s. 10, 
beg.; Cant.R. toT,16, v. inl^S.— Mekh. Mishp., N'zikin 3 
'31 Jl3 'affl Irixa (b'bigdo bah,' Ex. XXI, 8) since he &c, 
treated her contemptuously (opp. to the interpretation of 
1123 as his garment, SV»bs 11.13 IffTBlB he spread his bed- 
cloth over her). [From Targ. renderings as well as from 
Agadic interpretations it appears that the primitive mean- 
ing of 153 (1/33) is, to tear; also to despise, corresp. to 
the meanings of /l3; v. Targ. Job VI, 5 ; Is. XXXIII, 1 ; 
' Prov. XXI, 18; Snh. 94 a , oit.s. v. X11T3; Esth. 1,10, 
cit. s. v. 113; Mekh.L c; cmp. also K'thib 53 for K'ri T3 
Ezek. XXV, 7.— 153 seems to be a piece, web, corresp. 
in meaning and use to cpapo<;.] 

"I«Q m. (b. h.; preced.) web, garment. Men. 40 b UTi 
'31 '3 SiB if (the garment) itself is a web, but its borders 

are of leather. lb. the principal element piSa '3 must 
be a web (in order to require Tsitsith). Mekh. Mishp., 
N'zikin 3, v. preced. Sabb. 26 b ; a. fv.—Pl. CH153, constr. 
■nsa. Gen. B. s. 20 .IST'st '3 Adam's garments, v. Sitf II, 3. 
Yoina 60 b 'flh '3 the Highpriest's white garments (for 
the Day of Atone, Lev. XVI, 4), contrad. to 3ilt '3 gold- 
embroidered &c. lb. 68 b ; a. fr. 

M33, v. smii, 

Jl$2, Gen. B. s. 98 "pi '3, read )^ bwa pr. n. pi. 
Migdal Ton, near Sidon; v. Neub. Geogr. p, 295. 

rR.Q pr. n. pi. Bagdath (prob. Eski Bagdad, Neub. 
Geogr. "p. 360), birth place of R. Hanna. [Kidd. 71 b , v. 
WISH.]— Hence: 

n&$rfl3Sl m. of Bagdath. Yeb. 67 a ; a. e.— Suoo. 52 b 
Ms. M. (ed.' Nnl5xa, corr. ace). 

1^2132, pKUD, read TTa^ia or JU^aia m. pi. 
(farcimen,— ina) stuffings of sausage, sausages. Y. Sabb. 
VII, 10 a bot. '3 3>BpO 13. when cutting the sausages 
through (dividing them off), v. "plBi&O. Y. Bets. IV, .62 c 
bot. the sausage-maker is foibidden to work on a Holy 
Day '3 SBpa dlttja because he cuts the sausage-bags 
apart; v. NIlpiO. 

TTVXZL 1. (153) faithlessness, rebellion.— PL ni^sa. 
Y. Pe*ah I, 16 b top (play on bigdothekha, Ps. XLV, 9) 
'31 r\153VB flllija to all sinful acts thou hast eommitted, 
shall (after repentance) be like myrrh &c; Num. R. s. 10, 
beg.; Cant. B. to V, 16. 

*~P;fi, "l|3 m. (153) rough. Targ. Y. Gen. XXVII, 11 
quot. in Tosef! Yom Tob to Keth. Ill, 8, a. e. (ed. psd). 

■«&&, v. ^ ? . 

*l"|TE3^3 ) Ms.-Oxf. ■niBStha, Sabb.l03 b , a corrupt, 
of Nlia^ trtsia (or S^XSia) (vocalis litera) open sound, 
vowel. '31 'a itirWi fro since it has merely t 

of a vowel letter, o 

s guilty for writing two AJephs on 
s opinion ib. iia fcttmsiB rokba" 
naiipna). [Differ, in commentaries.] 

")32l (j/'aa, v. X5K3; cmp. rvnin) [to be rough (of sur- 
face, voice &c.) ;] to be wrinkled (of a female's nipples), 
whence; to become of age (at twelve years and a half). 
Keth. HI, 8 HiJian a girl of beginning maturity (v.. Tosef. 
Yom Tob. a. L). . Nidd. V, 7 flisaffl yfo as soon as she is 
mature, v. bas. Pes. 113 a (prov.) '31 '3 -|!">3 has thy 
daughter become of age? Set thy slave free and give him 
to her (as husband) ; a. fr.— Tosef . Keth. Ill, 8 Ija^Fi (Nif .) ; 
Y. ib. 27° bot. 1153ft 

"133 ch. same. V) to be of age. Targ. Y. Num. XXX, 11, 
sq.— ijto be rough, harsh,husky. B.Bath. 167 b &6p Sib 153 
her voice has become rough (from old age). — Denom.lisa. 

Af. 153$ to produce a rough surface, to heat and 



bruise by friction. Nidd. 66 a rh 1S3a 11HS3S hlSlSUJ Ar. 
(Var. 'Mo .'aS6t, ed. 'Mm 'IBS) will not a tube bruise her? — 
Keth. 65 a nb 153a (the ropes of the bedstead) hurt her. 

~|JS m. (preced. ws.) age of majority (of females). 
Y. Kidd. I, 59 '> 'an niai the period of majority. Y. B. 
Bath. IX, beg. 16 d . Kidd. 4 a rttnbiiSI '3 majority of a 
barren (or wombless) woman (who has no ' signs of ma- 
turity and becomes of age at twenty years). Keth. 38 b 
13p3 'a ttJi can the legal consequences of becoming of 
age enter after the woman's death? [Other form: IJia. 
Y. Keth. V, 29 d Sllia msb after her becoming of age.] 

v. Misa. 

"liQ f. (preced.) a woman of age. Tosef. Keth. V, 1 
nsiaro 'an (read to, Var. ed. Zuck. wana niaian) 

she who is of age when asked (by her betrothed) to be 
married; Y. ib. 29 d SlStt» 'an (corr. ace). lb. '3b pSMi 
'31 a girl of age is allowed twelve months for preparation 
for her wedding. — Ch. v. 1iJ3. 

TTUij Lev.R.s.28, end, '3 &1aip, read 'jiaa.ilS biaip 
(x6[Air)4 7iptouax(ov)=cowes privatarum, v. "pan. 

SrPinJS f. (v. 153) womanhood, (after twelve years and 
a half), opp. to 111123, maidenhood (between twelve and 
twelve and a half) and nilbi childhood (from three to 

twelve years). Y. Yeb. I,3 a top '31 'an ttmrb pa p« 

between the period of maidenhood and that of woman- 
hood there is no more than a six months' interval; 
Keth. 39 a ; a. fr. 

"^S, "^il prefix (comp. of 3 a. 1=h. "ttja, blZS) 
1) concerning that (those) of; at the time of; treating of 
what refers to. Sabb. 112 a isntiia in the case of those 
(sandals) of the travelling merchants (Arabs). Yoma 78 b , 
v. SSin. Hull.' 20 a lins sbia "Winl our Mishnah treats 
of a case when he did not turn. Gitt. 49 a '31 pfVa we 
go in our assessment by (the property) of the injured; 
a. v. fr.— 2) if, when. Targ. Y. Gen. XLIII, 5 nibia 
unless. Targ.O.Deut. IX,4 13FI113; a. e. 

*"& I=1?S. Targ. Y. II, Num. XXI, 29 TirYiai (Var. 
|Wffl==w). ithpe. liars, v. las. 

"13 II m. (11a) olive press (cmp. ma), tank. Shebi. 

VIII, 6 133 pS you must not press olives in the 

tank (in the Sabbath year). — Tan ni3 the building contain- 
ing the tank and all implements for pressing olives. Sabb. 
I, 9 'an '3 nilp the beam of the press; a. fr.— Bets.l9 a ; 
Tosef. ib. II, 7, v. 3.S.— PI. biia, pia. B. Bath. IV, 7 
'an rm Toh.IX, 7 'a "W IS ins la a quantity of olives 
for one tank or for two; a. fr. 

*Q III m. (b. h.; 113) 1) single, separate. Ber. 63 b 
(play "on baddim, Jer. L, 36) 'a '3 paiBlUB who study 
separately (without interchange of ideas). Kerith 5 a expl. 
Ex. XXX, 34 'aa 'a.— 2) with pref. b, 13b : (b. h.) alone, 
only. Sat. 8 a STOb nnis Aer (Num. V, 19) indicates her 
alone (each separately); a. fr.— 13^3 (adv.) only. Ber. 1, 1 

'3 11 sbl (usu. with lias) and not only in this case did 
they make such a rule. Meg. I, 5 '3 .... sbs ... p3 pS 
there is no difference between Festivals and the Sabbath 
(as to forbidden labors) except only as to the preparation 
of the necessaries of life ; a. fr. — lab31 but only, provided. 
Zeb. V, 8; a. fr. 

"DlV m. (b. h.; 113) chosen, fine linen. Zeb. 18 b '3 
'31 p13 blfi inni) wherever the Law speaks of garments 
of bad, it means that they must be of byssus, new &c. 
Ib. how do we know Sin SOtVO '3 ism that bad (as 
material for garments) means linen (and no other fine 
stuff)? Answ. Something which grows 133 13 in single 
stalks (v. preced. a. next w.); Yoma 71 b . Ib. 35 a bad is 
used four times, intimating '33 in3la the choicest of &c 
(for diff. vers. v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note); [cmp. Targ- 
Jer. XL VIII, 30]. 

"G V m. (113) single stalk, twig; also (b. h.) pole, 
bar. Zeb.;i8 b ; Yoma 71i> ; v. preced. Keth. 17 a &in bffi '3 
myrtle twig. Succ. 44 b even one leaf ins 'ai and (on) 
one twig. B. Mets. 24 a anything on which something 
is suspended nib lip '3 is called bad.— PL b"wa. Y. Yoma 
V, 42 b bot., a. e. 'an pa between the bars projecting 
from the Ark (i.e. their corresponding place in the Second 
Temple). B. Mets. 1. c. 'si paho 19a poles of peddlars 
for needles &c. Ib. 113 isa what does baddi mean? 
Answ. Twigs.— And why do they call them badde? Answ., 
v. supra. V. SilisiS. 

Mil ch.=h. 13 II.— PL SWjSi Targ. Joel II, 24 Ar. 
(ed. SJlia). Snh. 95 a '3 13 »in under the wine press 
(Var. SHt> ia). 

MS II m.-h. 13 IV, fine linen woof. Y. Sabb. XIII, 
beg. 14 a . 

M2, &TB, v. 113. 

(IMS, fcO^pl m. ch.=h. iXia. Hull. 63 a smn 
mn Sliia (corr. ace; Yalk. Zech. 578 nsi3) that man 

rflMa, v. nuia. 

""M^S m. (1131) 1) liar, misrepresenting. Snh. 89 b 
(prov.) '31 '3 b<B IffiSIS "[3 such is the punishment of the 
liar &c; Ab. d'K. Nath. ch. XXX; Gen. K. s. 94 131D tto 
nin '3 bllJ; v. 3i». Kidd. 49 a he who translates a Bible 
verse literally (v. nils), '3 m im is a liar (misrepresent- 
ing the sense).— 2) invention, fiction. Deut. E. s. 5, a. fr. 
'3 blB D1131 fictitious words (mitigating the original 
report) ; ib. 'a 1131.— PI. QiSia, pSia. Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a bot. 
'3 fciiaih lSsaH things turned out to be false. B. Bath. 74 a ; 
Snh. 110 ab Moses and his laws are true "3 pi and they 
(euphem. for we) are liars. Tosef. Keth. II, 1 15S O (ed. 
Zuck. p113a) we have been telling a falsehood. 

■pna, v. w 


"3 (b. h.; 1/13; cmp. 13, to enter into, split, 
separate; v. bia, pia, Iia &c.) 1) to scatter. Y. Yoma 
V, 42 c top iblia fillia he scatters it (the frank-incense) 
with his foot (shoves it apart).— 2) to dig out, create, 
choose, invent. Denom. la II, diia. — 3) to be lonely. Part. 
Ilia lonely. Pesik. E. s. 29 (30), expl. tn (Lam. I, 1)= 
Ilia lonely, forsaken. Part. pass. Ilia exiled. Lam. B. 
to I,' 1 dillia dilaa Ar. (read ilia) garments of the 
exiled (Clbll "to, Jer. XL VI, 19); [ed. 113 1113, a. plia, 

Hithpol. Iliann <o 6e eaa'ferf, homeless. Lam. B. in- 
trod. (E. Alexandri 1) (ref. to Ps. CII, 8) as the bird 
'31 lliana is driven (separated from the rest) from roof 
to roof. 

~~3 m. (b. h. ; preced.) loneliness, (adv.) in a lonely 
state? in exile. Snh. 104 a dafflia 'a i-PST* the exile shall 
be their dwelling. Lam. B. to I, 1 'a ilia garments 
(outfit) of exile, v. preced.— PI. dilia, T112. lb. 'a ilia 
(plur. abstr. as'. 0*Tt &c). 

~^3 m. (denom. of lall) olive-treader, workingman 
in the olive press. Gitt. 62 a .— PI. 'plia. Toh. X, 1 sq. 
Sabb. 19 b '31 '3 bffl -,ai!) the oil (remnants in corners) 
belonging to the pressers, and the mats which they use. 
B.Kam.ll9 a '31 "pa ywp-b 'am (read IClirVrasa, v. Eabb. 
D. S. a 1. note 40) you may buy from the oil pressers' 
(Bashi: oil producers') wives &c. Tosef. Maasr. I, 10 'an 
'31 'ppibla(n) the oil pressers who take their lighting 
oil (alternately) from one press and another. 

rriTn, v. c, T ia. 

j" jil3 (preced. ws.) stocks of prisoners. Tosef. 
Kel. B.' Mets. X, end (ed. Zuck. -pill, v. '|ilia). 

. ma, v. -nan. 

YD, v. next w. 

"01121 (Arab.dubr, back) with one's back to.— Ber. 6 b 
(speech of an Arab) '31 Croup 'a Ar. (Ms. M. 13 'Iia, ed. 
13 113, corr. ace.) with thy back (to the Synagogue) 
standest thou before the Lord? 

rn-TTn, v. «**«. 

JtlTllZl m. (Mia) merry-maker.— PI. iniia. Taan.22 a 
'31 '3 UBS"* we are merry-makers and cheer up the sad. 

itlTnSl, ^11113 m. (v. preced.) cAeez/wZness. Targ. 
Ps. CL^5 xn'nab 'ps'afflal Ms. (ed. incorr. , ]1C|ilirfca ^SaBI) 
which are sounded for rejoicing. lb. LXVIII, 32 MTTiaa 
Ms. (ed. dm 1133). 

T&, v. 113. 

115113 m. (b. h.) b'dolah, name of a jewel, also of 
a gum, bdellium. G«n. B. s. 16, beg. '31 '33 liab hX 
you might think, b'dolah (Gen. II, 1 2) means the druggists' | 

bdellium — let its neighbor (next word BCIHfiCl "pit) ex- 
plain it (correct, ace. to Yalk. Gen. 21). 

^115113 ch. same. Targ. Gen. H, 12; a. e. 

^5113, read ibplia. 

^£113 m. (pia) searching, penetrating.— PI. XJplia 
'iia. Targ. Y. Num. V, 19; a. e. 

pi 13 m. (pia) one requiring examination, i. e. one 
whose father is unknown, usually ipwittj. Kidd. IV,' 2 
Abba Saul called the sh'thuki 'a b'duki. Y. ib. II, 65 d 
bot.; Bab. ib. 74 a . 

1113, &H113, ' n 3 m. (113) 1) dispersion, scatter- 
ing. Targ. Is. VIII, 22 (ed. Vien. Ilia), a. e. — 2) one 
exiled. Targ. II Sam. XIV, 13 sq. 

•friTTO, "pnb-mn, v. ^ 

1^11113 f. (1131) fiction, mistake. B. Bath. 145 a , 
a. fr. tfifi 'a,. . 11 NCI E. . . .'s account (or opinion) is 
a mistake. [Ar. reads KHIia q. v.] 

1113, FT13 (denom. of |/Cl1, v. BB; cmp. Kits) 
to be cHeerful. Targ. Y. Ex. XVIII, 9 ; a. fr. — Ber. 30 b , 
a. fr. uaia '3 was very cheerful. M. Kat. 17 a "WT51 KCpia 
I feel happy. Sabb. 77 b .— *Hull. 32 a !H3 wmia fitl xi 
'31 I could not make light of my uncle so as to ask him 
(Ar. ed. pr. Mpiia). 

Pa. flia to cheer up, make laugh. Taan 22 a , v. xnila. 
Ned. 51 a have I not cautioned thee 'jdian kVi not to 
make us laugh? Ib. 50 b bot. ',nnan (En Yaak. "jinan). 

"HD, IS13, !113 (b. h., /13, v. Iia) to dig out, 
whence 1) (cmp. X13) to take out (a piece of dough) and 
shape, to form. Men.V, 1; Sifra Emor Par. 10, ch. XIII 
'31 Cilia 11KBCI he gets the leaven required for the loaves 
out of themselves (taking a piece of dough out of that 
intended for the loaves). — 2) to create, invent. Ned. 10 a 
'31 1132) )Wb terms (for vows) which the Scholars have 
(arbitrarily) invented (as disguises). Lev.B. s. 9 ilia "|Hi& 
an invented expression. Gen. E. s. 100 biijiia diiai 
fictitious words. Ib. s. 48 nulla (sub. diiai, some ed. 

Pi. Kli3, Cilia 1) same. Y. Meg. I, 71 c top '31 'jCfc '13 
made up for them a false Latin translation (of the Bible) 
from the Greek; v. Iia— Y. Keth. II, 26 b bot. IJiiCl plan 
we have been inventing, i. e. speaking in fun; Tosef. ib. 
II, 1 13M 'piaa (corr. ace; Var. dixia). [Y. Kidd. Ill, 64 d 
'31 dm 'pao, prob. ,to' be read pin 10.] [Y. Shebi. IV, 
35 b bot. difflICO -,113a, v. Cliia.]— 2) to disprove, refute. 
Tanh.Balak,14;,ed. Bub. 23 (ref. to baddim, Is.XLIV,25) 
'31 1113a they frustrate their predictions. 

SUhpa.fnsrtito be tempted to a falsehood, turn a liar. 
Ber. 4 a ; Der. Er. Zut. ch. Ill train thy tongue to say, 
I do not know, '31 Cliann Saffl lest thou be induced to 
tell a falsehood and be caught. 

"13 1, 2S13 ch. same, to invent. Targ. Y. II, Num. 

xvi,' 28 mia T (Var. niia). . / 



Ithpa. iiaris io fie declared wrong, to be mistaken. 
Y. Teb.VIII, 9 C niarYW -pre St-fen Tftia fVOS thy story 
crossed three rivers (coming from Babylonia) and is found 
to he a mistake; T. Sabb. II, 9 a top latYW (corr. ace). 

"HS II, Pa. 15a, nia (dialect.=iia) to despise. Cant. 
E. to VIII, 1 (ref. to *b TQi i& ibid.; read:) ni3a IT rrts 
1^ there is none can despise me (for kissing my brother) ; 
[Ex. E. s. 5 beg. corrupt]. 

"H3, Talk. Deut._913 'pDb^S '3, v. i^Efl. 

"^TTS m. pi. (i-n) fictions. Bekh. 8 b '31 iMa ed. 
(Ar. *l5, En Yaak. 13113) some stories. 

l™2 m. (113) digging instrument, spade, mattock. 
Kel. XXIX, 7 'an 1i the handle of a spade.— P?. fTHa. 
Y'lamd. Sh'lah quot. in Ar. Mia3 / a(?). — 2) rw£, ca«% 
(cmp. nextw.).— PL as above. M.Kat.4 b ; Tosef. ib.I,2; 
ih. Shebi. I, 7 '31 ilpisa'HJ '3 the cuts around the roots 
of trees; v. SliMN. 

fTTHS, iTp'Tfi f. (113, v. la II) small olive press. 
Sifra B'har ch. I one may grind the olives in the large 
tank '13b &1J301 and then put them into the small press ; 
Shebi. VIII, 6 "TOb.—Pl. riiliia. Gen. B. s. 31 Ar. (ed. 
1111113, nfTia, corr. ace). 

rfi^S, rfiMi f. (113) fiction, falsehood. Lev. B. 
s. 9. Gen. B. s. 48 T , v. X13. 

m% v. nia. 

JStTnlSl f. (h13) joy. Oonstr. tirnia. Targ. Esth. 
VIII, 17.' ' 

Snin^'lil f. (v. preced.) cheer. Sabb. 30 b '31 NSiMj 
something humorous. Ber. 55 a n h i> KnaSa nininila its 
very cheerfulness frustrates it (the good dream). 

"'"O'HSl m. (contr. of "V^l 13) prop, court-house, in 
gen. government's building, public building, treasury. 
Ber. 56 a '=1 toMjl '3 ed. (Mss. XVP\ 13, S«1iia q. v.) the 
king's treasury shall be broken into. [Perl. Et. St. p. 25 
refers to Pers. divan which, however, seems of too late 
an origin for the Talmudic date, v. Cycl. Brit. 9 ,h ed. s. 
v. Divan.] 

5 "HS (comp. of 3, 11, a. b-h. Mia) as to what refers 
to— whence; on account of, for the sake of, in order 
that. Targ. 0. Gen. VI, 3; a. e.— Lev. B. s. 28, end M« 
ij«Mj '3 he went for (the sake of getting) a bather. Y. 
Kidd. Ill, 64 a '31 11331 stMl '3 in order that he may not 
deny his owing a cup. Yoma75 b '31 N31 '3 (v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1.) through the merit of the teacher is the scholar 
supported. — "'Via, TjMia &c. on my, thy account &c. 
Targ. 0. Deut. Ill, 28; a. e. (Y. M>}3; b. h. )yvb). 

TTTH!2> f. (Mia) separation. Tanh. Mishp. 17 '3 *,irl= 
an expression meaning 'creating a partition'. 

"p"l£ by right, v. pi. 

p'to, ^T^ m - P 1 - < h - Dnr ! 3 ; v - '•"'a, 113) fictions, 
whence lying oracles ; trasf. conjurers. Targ. Is.XLIV,25. 
Targ. Lev. XX, 27; a. fr. 

ri|?" l 'lSl f. (pia) search, examination, test. Pes. I, 1. 
Y. ib. T I,'beg. 27 a ' T/ 3 tinn npi13 search (after leavened 
bread) made in day-time is a (valid) search. Kil. IX, 7; 
a. fr.— Num. B. s. 9 nilil 'zb referring to his search; 
i. e. intimating that the test by the 'bitter waters' (v. JVJ1&) 
will also affect him (the adulterer) (Sot. 28 a ftS*T<\>).—Pl. 
hipiia ; esp. cross-examinations of witnesses as to minor 
circumstances; v. rtlipft. Snh. V, 2 (40 a ); a. fr. 

Csrnp *~3 f. ch. same, esp. examination of slaught- 
ered animals as to the condition of the lungs &c, v. 
pia. Hull. 48 a '31 '3 M-ib ni^i no examination will avail 
them to make them permitted; (ib. 46 a npiia' Tf? iMi). 
lb. 10 b '31 '3 "pixa declares an examination (of the 
slaughtering knife) necessary &c: a. e. ; 

rfKDj?" 1 "© m. '(v. pia Pa., end) detective, police 
officer. T Tian. 22 a SON '3 Ms. M. (ed, SOplTT, T,jt|>ttt). 
[The description of that officer's doings provesthe correct- 
ness of the version of Ms. M.] 

k^THS pr. n. B'ditha, name of a canal of the 
Euphrates', v. KrjiiaasiB. M. Kat. ll a 11113 iN3V'3 (read 
'33, Alf. Nni13alS3)' in the B'ditha the fish were laid 
dry. [Var. KrVHS, Xnni3, v. Babb. D. S. a.l.note 300.] 

~~2 (]^13, v. Iia) to separate, divide, distinguish; 
(neut. v.) Mia to keep aloof. Pes. 87 b '31 foxy Mia with- 
draw thyself from (touching) her. Y. Hag. II, 78 b top 
naimn •p Ma KS-nB Ha in order that he may be careful 
in handling T'rummah. B. Mets. 59 b it seems to me 
'31 QiMia biiantU that the colleagues hold themselves 
aloof from thee (i. e. thou art excommunicated). Ih. 89 a 
dilana '3 to separate (with a tool) dates which stick 
together (cmp. Bashi a. 1.); Y. Maasr. H, 50 a top Mian 
d-nona (read Vl13!l). Ber. 5 a '31 -pMia -pll&i pains will 
stay away from him ; a. fr. 

Hif. (b. h.) Mian 1) to sever, set apart, distinguish. 
Hull. 21 b Ml3a 13150 pMa he nips the bird's neck but 
must not sever a limb or cut with his" nail deeper than 
required (Lev. I, 17). Ib.I,7 '31 " ( 13-Ml3an He who estab- 
lished distinctions between (the) sanctity (of the Sabbath) 
and (the) sanctity (of the Festivals); a. fr. — 2) (denom. 
of fiMQN or ii^ian) to recite the benediction Hanvmabdil 
on. the exit of the Sabbath or Festival, to say Sabdalah. 
Ibid. 'jiMlaa 1313 what formula must yon use (at the 
exit of the Sabbath and the simultaneous beginning 
of a Festival)? a. fr.— Part. Hof. M^aia separated, dist- 
inguished. Num. B. s. 10 beg. '31 CfMaia are different 
from the doings of other nations. Naz. 7 a ITa 11 rviMiaia 
are separated one from' another. Tosef. Peah III, 5 ; 
a. fr. 

b"l3, T"Q ch. 1) as h. Kal..(neut.) Hull. H6 1 ' ^Mra 



'31 we abstain from them. lb. '31 ">biia s6 do not abstain; 
a. e.— 2) (as foreg. Hif. 2) to say Habdalah. Erub. 40 b 
rfrt3 "va hast thou said Habd. ? . . . SOVna -pa yes, I 
have &c. • " 

)"p T , y. yva. 
fCD, v. twj. 

p ~3 (b. h. ]/"ia, v. Tia) io spKt, ireafc into, pene- 
trate. Keth. XIII, 9 plia nBVJ man the removal to a 
better residence (and style of living) penetrates (the 
body and creates disease); v. ib. 110 b '31 bK1a\Dl3 '3 iJSa 
what does bodek mean? Answ. As it is expressed by 

Samuel a change of the mode of living (v. tlbl) is 

the beginning of abdominal disease. — Esp. 1) to search, 
examine, investigate, try. Sot. V, 1 as well as the water 
'31 finiK pplia tries her (eventually makes her sick), so 
does it try him (the adulterer). Pes. I, 1 yslrtn Mat 'a 
leavened bread is searched after (for the sake of remov- 
ing it). Ib.9 b p1ia (ftia) a house which has been searched. 
Snh. Ill, 6 dllSil inJK'a the witnesses are cross-examined. 
Ib. IV, 5; v. naji-ffl. Sabb. 139 a 13i"<13 piia '31 investigate 
the doings of the Israelitish judges. Keth. Til, 8 Sin 
'31 fiplia he has her examined (as to bodily soundness) 
by his female relatives. Ib. 75 b 3"XK . . . "pit npm 
iplia the presumption is that nobody will drink out of a 
cup, unless he has examined it (will not marry a woman 
before ascertaining h,er physical condition). Kidd. IV, 4 
'31 minx pi^ab "p12£ must investigate her family records 
up to four mothers &c. Ib. 5 '31 ya pplia pK no family 
records are searched beyond the altar, i. e. the ascertained 
fact of a person's admission to priestly services is suf- 
ficient evidence of unblemished descent for marriage pur- 
poses. Nidd.30 b IXSOI Ipiai (read wasai Ipiai) they (the 
scholars) examined (made a post mortem examination); 
Tosef.ib.IV, 17; Bekh.45 a ;— 2) to tend, cure (plants), 
esp. to cover with earth or manure. Tosef. Shebi. I, 12; 
Y. ib. IV, 35 b bot. 

Nif. pia? to be examined &c. T. Gitt. I, 43 b ; IX, 
end, 50 d aajn '3 the report was traced. Nidd. V, 6 *i*ma 
ppiaa her vows are subject to examination (to find out 
whether she knows the import of a vow); a. fr. 

p~S, p }2, ch. same; 1) to split, burst, break into. 
Hull. 105 a '31 kpiai K11312S KIM (Ar. Np1i31) he saw that 
a sewer had burst into his field (inundating it) ; v. Xpia. 
—2) to examine, espy; to test. Targ. Judg. XVIII, 2; a. 
fr.— Yeb. 65 a \WB3 pina^Jji I will test myself (as to my 
virility). Y. Ned. II, 37 '> bot. rrap13">a rtBTi 15a Hefa 
wanted to sound his knowledge. Taan. 21 b ; a. fr. — 3) to 
cure the body by means of a purgative. Ned. 50 b nin 
'31 STHBB5 p^lS purged himself with &c; a. e. — Part. 
pass, p">ia tested, sure, known. Y. Sot. V, 20 c bot. i6 
"J? Jlp^ia fllin was unknown to me (I had not experi- 
enced). Taan. 23 b ■£ Ynpi13 «*s (not imp13) ye are un- 
known to me (as to your honesty).^-&t3piia I am sure, 
Iknow. Pes.lll b '=1*6l,1aa ma Wp^a I am sure you 
do not know (Ms. M. '31 rrt> 'a, Ms. .2 Oxf. i«ipa, v. 
Eabb.D. S. a. 1. note). *Hull. 32 a '3Y!Ta fcOpi13 Slid &6 

Ar. Var. (ed. xafiiia) I was not so familiar with my uncle 
that I should have asked him. 

Pa. pia to discover (by sorcery), to find out secrets. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XHV, 5; 15 . Cmp. n&Wp-vQ. 

p~il (b. h., preced.) 1) breach, defect. — 2) attendance, 
repair.' rrtan 'a (II Kings XII, 8) keeping the Temple in 
repair.' Y. Pes. VIII, 36 a top. Tern. I, 6 'an 'a iffllp 
(Mish. huaip) offerings for the Temple repair, opp. to 
hata iffllp objects dedicated for sacrifices. Ibid. VII, 1;— P/.dipia, constr. igla. Sabb. 32 a finia 'a breaches 
through which death enters, i. e. sins for which one is 
visited with death; v. pal. 

p"Q ch. same, defect, sin. Targ. Y. II Num. V, 19 
these waters searching pbitfil "jb the defect. [Probably 
a corrupt reading.] 

Nj5"]3, ^TS m. ch.=h. pia 1) breaking into, 
freshet, bursting' dam. B. Mets. 66 b '31 'a xnK a freshet 
came and overflooded &c. B. Bath. 41 a '31 "n bplU a 
freshet swept his field (taking away the fence). Hull. 105 a 
'31 811312! Ar. a channel caused by a freshet, v. p13. 
Snh. 7 a strife is likened '31 (Xial) "Q1 X11312& to an 
inroadmade by a burst (of water), once enteringit widens 
more and more; a. fr.— P/.ip13, ipTO. Erub. 21 a -m>vn 
ia where freshets are of frequent occurrence. — 2) breach, 
defect. Targ. 0. Gen. XLII, 9 (h. illlS). Targ. II Kings 
XII, 6sq. — PI. Targ. Lam. I, 8 KilpIS her shortcomings 
(h. .inis). [B. Bath. 61 a itpia, vVxpiaill.] 

T121, Pi. Wa as following. Euth E. to II, 15 mn 
'31 113a scattered coins. [Proh. to-be read Ipaa or 

"H^ (V^< °mp- ">», 113) 1) to scatter, strew.— Pa. 
13! same, also, to distribute freely. Targ.Ps.LXVIII,31; 
a. fr— Hull.54 a '31 xa& hi ilia i« if a powder is strewn 
upon its wound, it may recover; [Eashb. toB.Bath.74 b 
quotes imas trb iasi]. Gitt. 56 b 'sYrpaaipb -11131 and 
scatter ye his (my) ashes over seven waters. Y. Ber. IX, 
end, 14 d '31 lia pttjaaal rWUJa when people gather (are 
willing to listen to instruction), distribute (teach) ; when 
people scatter (throw religion away in, neglect), gather 
in (live in retired study). Cant. E. to VIII, 9 paialS 1113 
disperse ye (do not stand in crowds).— Part, pass. 113a 
scattered. Y. M. Kat. Ill, 81 d top Yiiaa ph3a p3& : nix 
'31 there are more than those (twenty four cases) scat- 
tered in Mishnah and Boraitha. Sabb. 20 a , v, infra.— 
2) to shake (in a sieve). Targ. Amos IX, 9. [Ibid, plttio, 
prob. pliaa.] Cmp. Vita.— 3) to tread olives. Targ. Mic. 
VI, 15 (perh. 113?). 

Ithpa. Iiarns, liaiK; Ithpe. Iiarm, llapK to be scatt- 
ered, to disperse. Targ. Is. XXXIII, 3 ; a. fr.— Sabb. 20 a 
fliaia bi3p (v. Eabb.D.S.a.l. note 300, ed. Yliaa) loose 
staves in the stove will fall apart (and may require 
stirring). Lev. E. s. 6 and the denars began 'pliana to be 
scattered. Gitt.33 b illiaiX, lliaib (not Illia^X) let them 
disperse (so as not to be found together). Snh. 8 a bot. 
ITiaiKI and they (the judges) dispersed.— Denom. 1113, 


sna, srrna, v. ■**. 
^ira, v. -in. 

inZl,' 1(113 f. (b. h.; ina) chaotic condition; always 
with inn. Gen. B. s. 2; a. fr. 

l("Q=ina!>t;. Ber. 45 a ; a. fr. (Ms. M.). 

1<Q ch.="iina icitt, ira them. Pes. 72 h ; a. fr.; v. in. 

2*rDln3, v . togvra. 
Iin3, v. -ma. 

J^il^nS f., (ina) confusion. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 21 
ed. Wil. (Ms. KtTina; oth. ed. Sttlina). 

Tin, 5<n5, fiH3 (b. h. ; j/na, cmp. xia, to Je 
&ro7<;e?i *'»to; to gasp; to burst forth, v. pna, ina; v. Ges. 
Hebr. Diet. s. v.) to be stirred up, confounded, in disorder. 
—Gen. B. s. 2, beg. xniai win; ib. fern, xniai xnin 
bewildered and confounded. 

*Eif. nrian to ctear (the field), cmp. nsa. Y. Sabb. 
Vtr, io a top' enema niaan (read nnaan). T Y. Shebi. 
IV, 35 b "piaal (read "pnaal or nnaal) ' you may clear 
thickets (in the Sabbath year) ; v. "rjia Pi. 

H'21 ch. same. Part, ina, fem. Nina chaotic. Targ. 
Y. II, Ex. XII, 42. Targ. Y* Gen. I, 2.' 

" in rij, Targ. Prov. II, 7, read fc<ia& (as in Pesh.) or 

iina&=ed. Wil. nnaaj. 

1TITI1 i. $T&) haste. EzraIV,23. Targ. Ex. XII, 1 1 ; 

p 1 !!^, fctj^nS (pna) bright, distinguished. Targ. 
Cant. VII, 3 ; a. e. ' 

"I^HS, "11(13 m. (ina; b. h. 1TO) white, white 
spot (cloud).— pi. "plina, "ina. Taan. 7 b (ref. to Job 

xxxvn,2i) 'avnaina "piais D^wna nsca ^bs Ms. 

M., even when the clouds stand in white spots, there 
comes a wind &c. ; edit, ina 'ina ntSM SiplKJ the sky is 
made (to appear) full of white clouds. 

JSTPQ, pi. "'TrS same. Targ. Job XXXVII, 21 
'31 "]a 'a white clouds without giving rain &c. 

5(1111 (b. h.; jAna, v. ina) to hurry, be excited, anx- 
ious. Part. pass, bina excited, pressed. Pes. ll a sq. WO, 
'31 Nlrt 'a man is excited when his property is at stake. 
Ib. 72 b 'a 13a* his time (for doing the thing) is pressed 
(it cannot be postponed). Yoma85 a , a.e. ina bs 'a anx- 
ious to save his dead relative from the fire. 

Pi. lafiia to agitate, frighten. Y. Yoma VI, 43 c bot. 
I^O? f*H* n.O^ why dost thou agitate us. 

Hithpa. a. Nithpn. bnann, S>naro to be excited, con- 
founded. Num. B. s. 14 (ref. to iibbahel, Koh. VITI, 3) 
'31 bnann 1>N be not intimidated by his wrath, Ib. 
nUBSa "ja "i i/b he was not carried away by her (tempt- 
ing) actions. Ib. '31 ifcW&a '3 vb he was not confounded 
on account of his being alone in the house. Pesik.B. s. 36 
trtqanal DHHsnna were in commotion and alarm.— 

Part. Eof. bnaia, or Pual bniaa confounded, hard to 
pronounce or remember. Gitt. 14 b '31 'aia "niniaaj Ar. 
(ed. 'laa) their names are bewildering, beginning with 
Arda,Arta,Phile. — [Deut. B. s. 9 nr&aia insi, read ninaia 
his mind is confused, he cannot collect himself for prayer.] 

5/15, ^iTQ ch.same.— Pa. \nr&\)to be precocious, 
inconsiderate, hasty. Targ. Koh. V, 1; a. e.— 2) as h. 
Piel. Targ. Job XXIII, 16; a. fr. 

Ithpa. bnanx, Ithpe. WjanK, inanitf l) to be hurried, 
to hurry. Targ. Esth. II, 9l— 2) to be agitated. Targ. I 
Sam. XXVIII, 21; a. fr.— Y. Keth. I, 25 a is it possible 
that the whole town '31 nliliana was excited on account 
of Naomi? 

(12(111 f. (b. h.; bna) suddenness, sudden calamity, 
shock! Y'. Bice, II, 64 d top; S'mah. Ill, 9 nnia thiols 
'a IsfiJ death after two days' sickness is a shocking death. 
— Y. B. Mets. II, end, 8 d a rending of garments 13"WB 
'31 'a MB which is not done under the influence of the 
first shock (after the sad news) is considered as if not 
performed at all. — PI. nftha. Num. B. s. 11; Tanh. 
Naso, 10 'aai 8i-iMsta as a forced duty and in a hurried 
manner; a. fr. 

D(l3 ( n QrQ?) m.(denom.ofnextw.)ca«te-<fwer, 
cattle-raiser, driver. Deut. B. s. 3 las anam and the 
driver (leader of the ass) was with him. *[Y. Ned. XI, 
end, 42 d Wtt "bw B*">afi (=Dna) my stable-man (a gentile) 
has seduced me. Ib. 101X DNian "px (not libs) (do you 
believe) the stable-man's connection with thee has no 
restrictive consequences? [V.Noda Bihudah, 2 nd ed., Eb. 
Haez. Nr. 12.] Gen. B. s. 86 lana (Yalk. Gen. 145 .dIK, 
prob. bna).— PL a^ana, ■parta. Y. Pes. I, 27 b (in gen. 
servants). Cant.B. to IV, 4 (play on -nanaai Deut. VII, 
14) there shall be none barren (of knowledge) among 
thee, asaUJ 'aa 'iSN even among your cattle drivers; Deut. 
B. s. 3; a. e.; Gen. B. s.32 manaa (corr. ace.)— Y. Maasr. 
II, 50 a bot. "panals Hum (not iJlinn) give the. drivers 
(field laborers) oranges to eat; [Erub. 53 b "panels Ijilnx 
in diff. connection], 

*1H(13 f. (b. h. ; ana, JEthiop. to be. dumb; j/na, 
v. ina) cattle, quadruped domestic animal (mostly of the 
horned race); in gen. dumb beast, opp. to man. Gen. B. 
s. 20 niSlSl im 'a domestic animals, wild beasts, and 
birds; a. fr. — n&J. 'a large cattle (of the bovine race); 
f\p1 'a small cattle (sheep, goats &c). Bekh. 8 a ; a. fr.' — 
ail=a nana, muik 'a &C, v. aiba, NiiJix &c.—Pl. niana 

Gen. B, s! 86; a. fr. 

illH/lB m. (b. h.; Coptic p-ehe-mau, water-ox, Ges.) 
in Babbin. lit. B'hemoth, a legendary animal reserved 
for the righteous in the hereafter; cmp. Tf&- Lev. B^ 


s. 22 in place of the? forbidden animals from which you 
here abstain, t]5s "illiia '3 (I shall give you in the here- 
after) 'the b'hemoth on the thousand mountains' (Ps. 
L, 10). lb. s. 13 '31 )n*bl '3 b'hemoth a. leviathan are 
the game of the righteous &c. lb. '31 ymi '3 b'hemoth 
shall attack the leviathan with bis horns &c. 

pflS ( pH3; j/Ha, v. irO) to shine with a pale 
light, he white,' glisten. Bekh. 45 b piiia one glistening 
(with unsteady eyes, albino), p5 white-complected. 

Hif.p'TGn 1) to shine, be bright. Y. Pes. I, beg. 27 b top 
ffpilrOa. TVllD flSU)3 when the candles burned brightly, 
lb. HipTTQa; Gen. E. s. 31 rWOa'fof glistening jewels), 
lb. s. 40 '31 53 npihan the whole land of Egypt was 
brightened by her (Sarah's) beauty; — 2) to brighten, 
make bright. Snh. 100 a .— Part. Hof. pfOla distinguished, 
prominent. Kidd. 33 a 'ail iaia when his teacher is a 
distinguished scholar. Gitt. ll a "ppfpla iniatt) names of 
a distinctly gentile character (which Jews do not assume). 
[Sifra Thazr. ch. I nprOla rlKBJ, read with E. S. to Neg. 

) sAtwe. Targ. II Sam. 

pflS ch. same. Af. pTi 

xxh," 13. 

pHSl, v. pnia. 

S^J^JlS (P 1 - ''Pd 3 ), "'f?^?, SrYWO f.=h. Ulna. Targ. 
Y. I, IILev. XIII, 2; XIV, 56;' a. e. 

Iprfi m. (pfO) owe afflicted with bohak (Lev. XIII, 
39), owe having an eruption resembling leprosy, v. piiia. 
Gen. E.s. 98 '31 'a Xinii> ia one who is a bahakan is hot- 
tempered. PI. T?p T iia. Ib. (ed. 'Ilia) 'a pa Sia^l (ref. to 
Gen. XLIX, 7) he let rise among them a large number 
of bohakanin (hot-tempered men). V. next w. 

^Dprp, ^pfliS m. same, one full of whitish 
pustules'. Ber.58 bT Ms.M.(ed.trtpH3 plur.). Pern, rmpiia, 
'ilia, fem. rYWpfia/'ia. Meg.24 b '3 W one whose hands 
are &c. 

iTtH (b. h.; jArO, v. ">rO; cmp. preced. ws.); Pi. 
irfra or ffi/. Won to shine brightly, be glossy; trnsf. 
to make one's self conspicuous, to boast. Lev. E. s. 15; 
Tanh. Thazr. 11 bahereth (Lev. XIII, 2) that is Yavan 
(Gra3C0-Syria)'31 5l> nirOa ilrViilB (orniiiaa)that lorded 
it over Israel by her decrees; v. ftp. — [Pi- 1>T2 to make 
clear. Pesik. E. s. 33, v. 1ha.] 

irpl ch., Shaf. IfOllJ q. v. 

anna, anrjn, v. m^. 
"Np^-im, v. xp^n. 

rn?"Q f. (b. h., IrO) bright white spot on the skin, 
eventually one of the symptoms of leprosy. Neg. I, 1 
l5lI53 HIS 'a bahereth means an intensively bright spot 
(sparkling) like snow. Ib. II, 1 '31 il7» '3 an intensely 
bright spot appears faint on the skin of a Germanus 
(Teuton), and the faint spot appears bright on a Cushite; 

(Sifra Thazr., Neg. ch.J, ed. "Weiss '53, '33; Talk. Lev. 551 
'alii, corr. 'alia, 1115133); a. fr — PI. rYhrO. Neg. VII, 1. 
Ib. VIII, 6; Tosef. ib. Ill, 12. 

fcttTTS, *y% anm oh. same. Targ. 0. Lev. 

XIII, 2;' a. e.—Pl. ^rta. Ib. 38; 39. V. Xptta. 

nr&, rpr& (y>o, v. ^^) i) (=n. &&, cmp. 1^1 

a. Bfi1)*l)fo 6e confounded, abashed, ashamed. Targ. 0. 
Gen. XLIX, 8; a. fr— Y. Shek. I, beg. 45 d (in Hebr. 
phraseol.) rPrOS i6l Klpl p (Bab. ed. rTOSl . . . Klplrl.) 
can we read this and not feel ashamed? Y. Keth. XII, 35 a 
top ; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top, if I rise among the righteous, 
Mriaa «5 I may not feel ashamed. HOXiasa rVrO X3K rial 
(read 11131S3) why should I be ashamed of my doings? 
Y. Kidd. IV, 65 c top '31 TWO they are ashamed of one 
another. Y. Orl. I, 61 b top iio 53r*a hi(l3 is ashamed 
to look at him. Lev. E. s. 31 TWO !S5 yet are not. 
ashamed (to worship them). — 2) (=tVS2) to be bewildered. 
Keth. 62 a (prov.) a woman used to abortion (or loss of 
children through death) Sihrta x5 is no longer besides 
herself (when it reoccurs ; Ar. : is not ashamed). 

Pa. two, Af. rVIro:* 1) to put to shame. Targ. Ps. 

XIV, 6. Ib. CXIX, lifif a. e.— Y. Shebi. IV, 35 b bot.; 
Y. Maas. Sh. V, beg. 55 d 13S11 rrt TWGal and bend 
the tree down as if in shame, in order that it may bear 
fruits (cmp. Sabb. 67 a 'that people may pray for it'). Y. 
Kil.; Y. Keth. 1. c. if I rise among the wicked rVrOS S<5 
(or HiiaS) I may not put (them) to shame. — 2) to frighten, 
confound.— Y. E. Hash. II, 58 a bot. '31 rttan !*5 con- 
found not thy Master's children (the Israelites). 

Ithpa. rvnara*, Ithpe. n^Tans, contr, riirtatj to be put 
to shame. Cant. E. to II, 5 '31 'aha Kim and he felt 
ashamed and went away. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 C top Sflrtaa 

arrfi, xwrpz, xrnm f.(h. nea ; r™, w) 

shame, disgrace; nakedness (=h. Sill?). Targ. Job VIII; 22 ; 
a. fr.— Snh. 102 b ; Gen.E.s.49 Ol^ab elders of disgrace, 
v.fiaHJS. Hull. 56 b IrT^nna ij&IT* their shame (diseased 
conditiou) has been revealed. Targ. II Ohr. XXXII, 21 

12, v. -a. 

X"fi (b. h. ; yta, ha, v. "TO, to enter into, split, in- 
sert; v. xaa, TO; to be vacant, clear, v. ISO, 1Q; to be 
disordered, v. ffi&a, 11513) 1) to enter, come. E. Hash. I, 2 
dVlSM ^xa those come into the world, i.e. mortals. Hull. 54 b 
dl5ltO 33N13 be welcome!— Tanh. Vaera 14; Midr. Till, 
to Ps. LXXVIII, 47, a. e. (play on 5airi3 ibid.) 5a jri K3 
[5 a AS K3] it (the locust) comes, encamps [rests], and 
plucks. Y. Shebu. VIII, 38 e top, a. e. nxailS 31pa3, v. 
n-lia.— Y. Peah 1, 15 c top, a. fr. '31 ft* ^ x'a^ may (evil) 
befall me, if—; cmp. Shit; Koh. E. to X, 8 '31 W »5 dS 
(corr. ace.).— 2) with 5s (b. h. with 5x) to have sexual 
connection. Kerith. I, 1 ; a. fr.— 3) with 1^5 or i^5 to 
fall into the power of.—Aboth. II, 1 irh S3 rinx T ,x1 
illOS and sin will have no power over thee. Yoma 86 b 
'31 131 vrt X3 (not hita) he had the power (the chance) 

to commit a sin &c; Kidd.39 b ; a. fr. — MSS11 1*13 come and 
see (I will prove). Yoma 1. c; a. fr. 

Hif. soar? 1) to bring, carry. Gitt. I, 1 '31 S<i3an he 
who brings (as a messenger) a letter of divorce from 
abroad ; a. fr.— 2) to offer. Bice. I, 1 ; a. fr.— 3) to draw 
an object toward' s one's self, opp. tpVin, v. T\hri. Hull. 
II, 3 "n s6l -p^lM he put the knife out (in slaughtering) 
but did not draw it backward; '31 xVl 'it or drew it 
toward himself but did not then move forward; a. fr. 
—4) to bring about, produce, cause. Aboth I, 17 !*i3a 
SBM begets sin ; a. &.■ — 5) to lead, procure admittance. 
Ab. Zar. 20 b Torah '31 i"nb fiXiaa (v. supra) leads to 
careful conduct &c. lb. 18 a '31 ''SKilra tVMA wilt thou 
procure me (promise me) admittance into the world to 
come?; a. fr. 

nam, v. n^. 

^5/131 m - ( s J r - oubia sartago, P. Sm.; prob.=ia 
XiSX, S softened through assimilation, cmp. ItfiiSn a. 13 
i&n) a frying pan, sometimes nsed as a coal pan con- 
taining the coal over which things are roasted. Pes. 30 b 
'313 -Wl (Ms. M. 2, Ms. Oxf. Ar. and old ed., v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 10); Zeb. 95 b (Ms. E. 1 «iaa, corr. '13; 
Ms. K. K"Oia). Sabb. 29 a he threw the date stones 
amiJ? Ms. M. a. Ar. (Y. Bets, IV, 62 c mark," v. Eashi 
to Sabb. 1. c.) into the pan. [Editions vary betw. &0313 
a. J*1313.] 

atrWZU, tVyfc f. image,y. nwaa. 

&mi3, IT313, Lam. B. to II, 2, v. X313. 

. -feraia, v. ^313. 
anba, v. ^a. 

"1313 the word "SOi reversed. Sabb. 104 a . 

"0313, Targ. II Esth. IV, 1 }WX iaSl3 '3, Var. 13S13 
'X '3, 'X la^Si 13J.1B, read "pBaSBiB(K) or pBaSBi* (stu- 
TaY[ji,aTa,StaTa7jxaTa) commawrfs, ordinances; v. fcWla^. ' 

"1313, v. ^a.-^rraia, pi. niisia, v. 15a. 

1^*113 c. (denom. of 13 V) a mat of reeds. [The best 
versions, however, read SO'jIS q. v.] 

tm% v. ftrna. 

^fniS, v. '.xwha. ' " 


"T^fTIS pr. n. m. Bohayon. Pes. 57 a (Ms. M. fiTO); 
Tosef. Tb.II (III), 20 (Var. YVl 133, y« n 133 pj. 

plHiS, pftH m- (la. h. ; p!"P) white scurf. Neg. I, 5. 
Sifra Thazr., Neg.y ch. X. 

^J^niB. ch. same. Targ. 0. Lev. XIII, 38 (ed. Berl. 

^rris, m^rria, v. - Pr qa. 
arnta, v. aina. 

"3 (b. h., jA3, v. 113). I) to £razd mjjom, whence 
despise. Aboth IV, 3 13 inn \>& despise not &c— 2) to 
divide; v. lata. 

jl3 ch. same; 1) fo plunder, ransack. Targ. Gen. 
XXXIV, 27; a. fr.— Esth. I, 10 (play on fctflta ibid.) 
ITVVO 113 plunder his house. — 2) to tread. lb. (play on 
&«-a3X1 XHS3 ibid, as if from 53, cmp. 153) 13131 113 
tread and shatter, (v. Targ. Esth. a. 1. ; cmp. X1113). [Most 
of the forms may be derived fr. t!3.] 

' ffiSJlS m. the Buzite. Targ. Job XXXII, 2; 6. 

&W V)3 m. (113, lia) plunderer. PI. tMlia. Yalk. 
Jer. 28 T l T (Lam. E. introd. E. Yits. 1 X*lil3).' ' 

^13 (^pa) f. (v. 113) contempt, contumely. 
Targ. Ps. CXIX, 22.— V. N-Jiail. 

btTQm. (bh3i) P ) 

prop, aversion, sickness, hence (cmp. 
IBN3) a certain stage in the growth of the fig (inter- 
mediate between iiSS and bas), when its head becomes 
white; trnsf. the stage of female puberty intermediate 
between childhood (nilbi) and full womanhood (ni^ja). 
Nidd.V, 7 the Scholars have introduced figurative terms for 
the stages of womanhood: paggah, bohal &c; iai "btA '3 
f|i11S3 bohal means the days of maidenhood. V. ina. 

Itf'ffiS pr. n. m. Buta, father of Baba, v. K33II. 

I3t3l3 m. (BB3) bright spot (cloud, v. lifts). Targ. 
Job -XXXVII, 21 (Ms. .paia). 

KUQiS, fc^Uia-'Bi. (v. preced.), ifitl '3 spark 
(blossom of light, T cmp. h. p2i3).—P?. iBBl'3, iBiflia. B. 
Mets. 85 b '31 STWia '31 iBBlS-. . . ; Ms.M. (ed. . . .'1B13 
SliTral, corr. ace.) two sparks came forth and struck the 
eyes of &c. Ber. 58 a 1H3i33i '3T '3 IpSJl hfflttJ "1 lax xrfsia 
hiJ^Sb Ar. ed. Koh. (Ms.' M. KH1B13 p&31 xnbia fTO 3M 
'31, omitted in ed., v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) B. Sh. 
spoke a word, and there came forth sparks and blinded 

"'ISIS m. pi. (BB3) the poor (broken ones). Gitt. 37 a ; 

v. tuaiaiia. ' 

ataxia, v. »»»>. ■ 
nmaia, v . to-iBa. ■ 

stfrpli^Q, MrO'EHS f. (BB3 ; cmp. XBB13) flower-bud 
of the caper tree, capers. Ber. 36 b smfil KSiai !iibp!l)l 
'13 {f«m Ar/ (ed. t3i*»piN1 ^31 NniB'b ... Ms. M. »aiji . . . 
'i3 Xilhl WTiBI) the blossom of the caper was cut off, 
but the bud survived. [lb. 58 a KIWI '13 Ms. M. read 
XBiBis, v . KBBia.]— PL sniaia, xrnaia. Hull. 59" 'a 3ffl 
'31 seven blossoming capers (Eashi: stones of the caper 

fruit). Y. Maasr. IV, end, 51 c 13 . . . 'paiia to remove 
the buds. [Y. Pes. I, beg. 27 a 8tVBl3 ^183, v. 8B1B3.] 

"jbtDlil, NlbtSlS m. (boa) 1) idleness. Targ. 0. 
Ex. XXI, 18 (being incapacitated).' — 2) indemnity for 
loss of time. lb. v. 19. V. aWa. 

fcOS'lil m. (taoa, /Ma, v. next w.) 1) terebinth (fruit 
and free), pistacia terebinthus (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Tereb.). 
Targ.0.Gen.XXXV,4;a.e.— PL (Hebr., fr. fiaBia) ^laBia. 
Y. Kil. I, 27 a bot. '31 'am ^llbri nuts and 'terebinths 
combined produce pistachio. — Chald. "VOWS. B.Hash. 23 a 
'a ai3i>=8 ed. (Ar. 'a tn3ia*>8; .Gen. E. s. is iDT>a troibK, 
B. Bath, sob isaia, Ms. M. iaaia), v. Tfeg" fia^8l.— 
2) pistachio (tree or nut). Shebi. VII, 5 Ar. s. v. I-&8 (ed. 
H3.aa); v. next \r.—Pl. yaaia. Targ. 0. Gen. XLIII, 11 
ed.Berl. (oth. ed. a. Y. 'pBia). 

fcOOIIHl m. (b. h.nsaa; laa, be hollow, 
swell, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. ^aa) pistachio (nut or tree) 
Shebi. VII, 5 Ms. M. a. Y. ed. (Bab. ed. H3B3), v. preced. ; 
Tosef. ib. V, 11 Sisaia;— PI. ^Saia, ijaia. Targ. Y. (a. 
0. some ed.) Gen. XLIII, 11; v. preced. B. Bath. 80 b ; 
v. preced. 

MKfiSlII m. flaa) swollen belly, swelling. Lev. E. 
s; 18, end; Num. E. s. 7. 

njI3l3 pr. n. Batanaa, town and district east of 
the Jordan, reputed for large commercial fairs (Till). 
Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 tl ; Gen. B. s. 47 -|3aa. Cmp. "\V& (b. h.) 

a. -jsna. 

I'O'U'TQ'Q Pesik. E. s. 10, read fiiJlBB ; v. iftiMilHW*. 
KttJWSl, v: 8!DBia. 

■J^ISI, v. i#«a. 

?pB oh. (b.h.; /laorria, v.i?ia,biiS)fo rwn to cmd/Vo, 
fie agitated. Part, Tpa, f. 83iia. Gen. E. s. 87, beg. 
(expl. 'sl'iTVOItt Prov. VII, ll/sTMal 8in 83na Ar. (ed. 
8HBSt»; Yalk. Prov. 940 H313, corr. ace.) she runs about 
(revelling) &o. Y. Taan.II, 65 b (ref. to Mic.VII,4) (read:) 
'31 11331 "paiia "px. 81 IS la therefore we are now in 
trouble. And they wept &c. Euth. E. s. 3 (before I, 18) 
■pa"«a smiia hp (read "p3H3) the sound of people rail- 
ing in excitement (on business). 

Mam v. 833ia. 

&TD11H m.(~ia; v. P. Sm. I 526 sq.) l) the weaver's 
shuttle ;'2) ffte spider. Succ. 52 a ; Snh.99 b 'a blS Bin the 
thread of the shuttle [or spider-web], [Snh. 1. c. 81313, 
Mss. vary betw. 81313 a. 81313 q. v.] — [3) coal-pan, v. 
soaia.]— Cmp. "wa. 

IKS Jm2 m. (v. preced.; 1 formative, cmp. lai^n) 
the weaver's clue. Sabb. 96 b ed. a. Ar. (Ms. M. '313, Ms. 
Oxf. 1Xi;3ia, Ar. Var. 181313). 

I^DU, Y. Shek. VII, beg. 50 c , v. Qii^oia. 

fcODfa, &0&O13 m. (Syr. *6pia; 133, »>pa y'-p, 
pa to Iplit; cmp. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. 833) 1) a club, a 
stripped smooth pole, bar. Brub. 102 a nla8p '3 (Ar. ed. 
Koh. 833a) you speak of a club (with a handle used 
as a door-bar).— PI. 1.38313. B. Kam. 93 b it says (in the 
Mish.), 'If one robbed pieces of wood and made utensils 
out of them' '31 13H1TI '3a Ar. (ed. 'a with one 3, Ms. H. 
1383133) it means that he made them into clubs, that 
is 'he polished them'. — 2) esp. a club (with handles) used 
as a pestle for crushing olives &c. Sabb. 77 b (playful 
etymology) H3381 813 60313 (Ar. ed. Koh. 838313) it is 
called bukhana, 'come and I shall strike'. Y. Bets. I, 60° 
bot. IT'S fills 11 !133131 and concerning a club, for he 
pounds with it; Y. Sabb. XVII, 16 b top M313aa (read 
(133133). Nidd. 36 b I am '31 8Vj1&1 '3 an iron pestle 
which breaks the copper mortar. Bets. 14 a '13 (Ar. ed. 
Koh. '33). — Trnsf. the rib resting in the pelvis, hip-joint. 
Hull. 52 a , v. 8t1i&8. 

njDlB f; h. (preced.) the peduncle (or upper stem) 
deeply seated in the Ethrog (like the rib in the pelvis). 
,Succ. 35 b 11-0313, expl. DB"i£l. 

fcOOt&I m. (133) l)=h. 113?, first-born. Targ. Ex. 
XII, 29"; a. fr.— Hull. 44 b ; a. fr.— B. Bath. 126 b i&20 '3 
(h. MBIU) 1133) foolish (wild) first-born, i. e. a first-born 
by his mother butnot by his father (having no privileges); 
— PI. 8*1313, T13ia. Targ. Ps. OXXXV, 8 ; a. e.— Fern. 
8H1313. Ber. 6 a '3 H3 '3 a first-born cat whose mother 
is a' first-born— [2)=h.rtisaa. JR^lMa first fruits. Targ. 
Y. I Deut. XXXIII, 14. (Targ. Y. II 8133).] 

fcnOlil II f. (v. preced.) the first, i. e. lowest layer 
in the clay dam; v. 81713318. B. Mets. 103 b . 

*«n?isi, rnsia. (whs* at.) ( m. P i. ?) f . 

(baccar/baccaris; (3(fot)(apt,;=&<japo.v; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. 
Asaron, Low Pfl. p. 370) baccar, an aromatic plant sup- 
posed to be hazelwort or spike-nard. Shebi. VII, 2 (Ms. 
M. 811313). Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12 1H3113 ed. Zuck. (oth. 
ed. 1111313, 1H1313). 

5131 to mix, v.Va. [Y.Snh.X,-27 d '3 nip read bia.] 

51H2II (v. preced. a. Vba) 1)' something kneaded to- 
gether, a handful, ball, lump. Sabb.-67 b ; I28 b n^a baj 'a 
a lump of salt. B. Mets. 90 a "pah lh!8a '3 a handful 
(fodder) of the same species; v. infra.— PL fiipsia, fcibia, 
■ji^a clods, v. next w.— Gen. E. s. 13 na18 PttJ 'a 'a clods 
of moist ground. Num. E. s. 2 sand is thrown into the 
fire bi^ia l8iS1a1 and he brings it out as lumps (of glass); 
v. b^ia.— 2) fodder. Lev. E. s. 22 (expl. dim bl3 Job XL, 
20); T Tanh. Pinh. 12. 

b^SlII (prob. fr. ^33) Bui, the biblical name for the 
eighth month (Marheshvan) ; v. "llttiriia. E. Hash. I, 56 d 
bot. (etym. of 313) '31 rfej!3 i-feWlli) ' the leaves decay 
and the ground is cloddy; v. preced.— Tanh. Noah 11, 
the month is named but, '31 nianaV p^iaiB mi the 

month when cattle is given mixed fodder from what is 
in the house; Pesik. B. s. 7. 

rrfc&a, y. ^a. 

&">a ! &b ! fi l OW-frfo m. (corrupt, of fJooXeoTfc) 
senator. Y. Taan. IV, 69 a '31 ba^aitf (corr. ace.) archont 
or senator; v. bB3bia.— P?. ^Biabia. Gitt. 36 b sq. (ex- 
plain. biabnS) loiai' -*bl3 bllB (prob. a Baby], corruption 
of ^Biabia ibia Ttpbs PooXt} fJooXsuxoW) before the council 
of senators. lb. 37 a (as if two words) '51 '131 ibia bule 
are the rich, bute (as if fr. Baa, play on B35>) the poor 
(broken ones). 

D13"i m. (poXpo?, bulbus) in gen. bulbous root, 
esp. bulbus, a delicious kind of onion, or musk- hyacinth. 
—PL Tea^a ('sbia). T. Dem. II, 22 c hot. (ed. ■p&aVo, 
corr. ace.).' Ukts. HI, 2 "fbabia Var. in Ar. s. v. "pbSba 
(ed. "pbiba, "pblba; Maim: Silba'SI^SWawwrn nigrum, 
r. LowPfl. p. 296 a. 393). [Gen.E. s. 41 biabia some ed., 

read: SrmVa] 

porta, oaita, , 

. traita 

i. (PouXsoTifc, v. baiabia) senator, council- 
man. Gen. B. s. 76 this one is rich 6a rWiasa (Yalk. 
Dan. 1064 blabl3, corr. ace.) let us make him a senator 
(to ruin him, v. blBSia-ll*). Koh. B. beg. blBllba (corr. 
ace); Cant. B. beg. blBlibla.— Sifre Deut. 309 blabvbs, 
blBbrwba; Yalk. ib. 942 blBbfba, corr. ace— PL fBllbia, 
''Babia, st^B . . ., rT»B . . . Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. Lam.' B. 
toil, 2. ibid. fBTibia T ('5>b) jos^b, read b^a^bia swab; 

v. biBSWlS. Y. Peah 1, 16 a "p'Vl&iS'l rVB'nb'ia the council 
of Sepphoris. Lev. B. s. 11 blrYPbian lbs (read fa....). 
Y. Sabb. XII, 13 e bot.; Y. Hor. HI, end, 48° X^Bllbia 
family heads entitled to seats in the Bule of Sepphoris. 

■ppSb^, v. biabia. 
Itffel 3, l^i v. ^a. 
OBlta, v. baabia. 

ota, v. &b«- 

^D^b^ f. (aba, v. bba ; P. Sm. 533) crumbling, 

on, being worm-eaten. Targ. Job XLI, 19 'a XD^p 
(read 'SI) worm-eaten wood. Targ. Prov. XXV, 20; 
XII, 4 Ms. (ed. xniaba, Pesh. 'b3). 

3lZl I pr. n. pi. Buli (prob. the assembly building 
of the Senate in Sepphoris, cmp. ba3bl3 end). Y. Shek. 
VII, 50 c bot. (Bab. ed. ^bla, oth. 'rvbia, fcUvblp, ed. Just. 
'3; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. p. 62, note 30); Y. Taan. I, 64 a 
bot. 'aT NhOTa assembly (or synagogue) of B. — Y. Ab. 
Zar. Ill, 43 b bot. '31 Nabs (ed. Krot.'DI) a statue (idol) 
in front of the Bule(?). 

^3 II f. (PooXvj) council, assembly, esp. senate, city 
council. Y. Peah 1, 15 c top lbtti 'a ba iJS3 in the presence 
of the whole council over which he presided; Y. Kidd. 
I, 61 b top. Ib. 'a .IBB, v. bibiailaB. Y. Yoma I, 39 a top 
tblS. (corr. ace). Y. M. Kat. II, '81 b '=1 'ab "pTOtri dK 
if they have mentioned (nominated) thee for the bule, 

let the Jordan be thy neighbor, i. e. hide thyself in the 
bushes near the Jordan. Ib. 'as ^B&ilb to be exempt 
from serving in the bule; Y. Snh. VIII, 26 b top. Gen. 
B. s. 6 bia^l! 'a senate and people (senatus populusque). 
Ex. B. s. 15 bbtt pi blail pi (read ibia) and so did the 
people and so the senate. Gitt. 37 a , v. baiabia.— PL 
nivbia, riixbia. Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a top; Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d 
bot. '3 1"3 twenty four city councils, i.e. cities or districts 
having their own councilmen; [Tanh. Vayikra 7; Matt. 1 
nmiS D' 1 3bi<'a];Pesik.B.s.22S-nbx(readnii<bia). Gitt.37 a . 

ov^nta, ciayta, T . ^aabia. 

pD^v.-^a. ' 

Dta, otai v. bb^a. 

0"l!Q5lIl m. (PouXtjxos, bulimus) ravenous hunger, 
bulimy, esp. faintness from fasting. Yoma VIII, 6 (83 a ). 
Koh. B. to VII, 11 (some ed. incorr. hi . . .); a. fr.— 
Trnsf . rYP"iS bffl '3 morbid carnal appetite, sexual passion. 
Gen. B. s. 51; s. 41; a. e. 

&blil (DibiS) m. (bb3; cmp. SaXoc, SsXo?) a 
shapeless mass, a glass-ball. Num. B. s. 2 b^bl3 Itfislal 
(v. bia II, some ed. b^bia). Y. Ber. I, 2 d top b^ba ^013 
(corr. ace); Gen.E.s. 12 trio p2SlO(read: '3 -jbt), v. Ar.) 
casts a lense; v. ipiJN. —Pesik. Par. p. 39 b Dab biilbs 
'3 y<1rtt; Pesik. E. s'. 14; Yalk. Num. 759 '3 'pi"» b^SX 
perspicuous (clear) as crystal; cmp. Num. B. g; 19 •pro 
SOab a. Mat. Keh. a. 1. 

!SD~l2 ch. same, esp. glass-lump, unshaped and 
prepared for casting into vessels. Sabb. 154 b Xblbaa Ar. 
(ed. Nbbiaa, read as Bashi a. Ms. Jtbbl33, v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note 1) what is meant here are glass lumps (which 
may be broken without loss).' — PL X^bbia, fbbia crystals 
or glass vessels. Y. Kidd. I, 60 c top" '3 fbijt those glass 
vessels (what is the law concerning their division among 
heirs)? Ib. pSb 'pbbtt .... biDh (corr. ace) thou art 
known to have plenty of glass vessels. 

frp&biSl, v. tpbTia. 

I^O&blS, Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12, v. biabia. 

&pb"n, Y. Taan. II, 66 a , v. bipte. 

frCDlS m. (follis, follera; v. next w. a. Sm. Ant. s. 
v. Senatus) follera, name of a Boman land-tax, adopted 
by the Persians. B. Kam. 1 13 b '31 SC131 'aa Ar. (ed. Nb*i31 
X5131 SOIS, read '31 JtilJ'nS '33, Ms.- M. '31 !X1S<bl33, Ms. 
B.- S313K1 WISIJtt Sllbaa, corr. ace) with reference to 
follera, annona and charga of the ensuing year. 

j"5")3 m.(cpoXXep6v, S.) obol, a small coin. Cant. B. 
to I, 1 if one drops '3 IK sbb (Ar. ed. Koh. yniba, ed. 
■pVo) a Sela or (even) a folleron. V. ibia. 

"]"Hb"Q Gen. B. s. 8, v. ^Ilba. 

laDlDbin, v. asfflba. 

ritfbisi, v. riuiba. 


yi2, 1 pr. n. m. Bun, abbrev. of "13K; name of several 
Amoraim. T. Shek. IV, end, 48 c '3 "11 113X "n. Y. Ber. 
Ill, 6 C pS some ed. (corr. ace.); a. fr.— Y. B. Hash. I, 56 c 
top, a. fr. B. B. bar Hiya.— T. Ter. VIII, 45 c , a. fr. E. B. 
bar Kahana; v. Fr. M'bo p. 67 b sq. 

TQ II to understand, v. pa. 

sJW^S pl.^a a handful, v.fcO©.— Sabb.67 a OTlaa'a, 



. m. Bunah, abbr. of f 
3 '3 (ed. Krot. ni^iu nr 

;. Y. Gitt. 
. marginal 

"Ol^l or "O^fi pr. n. m. Buni or Pwnai; 1) name of 
one of tbe alleged disciples of Jesus of Nazareth. Snh. 
43 a Ms. M. a. ed. Ven. (omitted in later ed., v. Graetz 
Gesch. d. Jud. in (2 d ed.) p. 243 ; Ecesch Jesusmythen 
, otherwise 
Taan. 20 a . 

fcW'fi Bunia, a bird. Hull.62 b ed. (Ar. JOS3). 

&i v. Wffl. 

vm% v. aosa. 

Dp"Q m. (b. h, dfea; d&3) /toor, perfume, spices. 
Snh. 108 a 'art mpa (Var. WDiao). place for spices, opp. 
riSliBrt dlpa.— [Tosef. Kidd. II, 4 d&13 rtBJSS, ed. Zuck., 
read d&s.] 

Dpis, ^awa, Naps, Dfein, antoto, ; to 

ch. same. Targ. Ex. XXX, 25'; a. fr.— PL paWa, i^apii'; 
'iBia, 'pa, -tea. lb. 27; 34; a. fr. 

"JQp^Q m. (preced.) aromatic fluid for sprinkling.— 
PLpiawa, constr. isawa. Num. E. s. 13 3"J '3 (some 
ed. 'la) the aromas of paradise (carried by winds). 

V. jwasa. 

IjDP^B, p3 f. (preced.) art of making perfumes, 
Targ. O.' Ex. XXX, 25; a. e. 

fcWDbia, )^U^% ^ISI m. pi. (preced. ws.) 
aromas, ointments &c. Targ. I Kings X, 10. Targ. Euth. 
IH, 3; a. e. - 

"IpIS m. (b. h. "ipa, -©a ; 1&3 II) half-ripe fruit, 
esp. grapes. Shebi IV, 8 '31 tfianffla 'art the boser from 
the time it contains liquid. Gitt. 111,8 (31 a ) n&i32 nsffla 
'33 d^art when the liquid is beginning to gather in the 
boser; (oth. opin. when it can he put in water for making 
vinegar; v. Eashi a. 1.). Pes. 53 a '31 '3 SKlrt boser indi- 
cates the same stage of ripening as gerua, v. S'nS Hif. 
Y. Maasr. I, 49 a top; Succ. 36 a "art Slinx a half-ripe 
Ethrog. Y. B. Kara. VI, 5 h bot.; a. fr. 

PI. Ija&ia. Targ. II, Esth. I, 2. 

VII, 19. 

sh.same. Targ. Ps. L VHI, 1 (h.text ifi); a.e. 
i. (1031) contempt; v. XntflHa. Targ. Ezek. 

cUrDIS m. (Pers. bustan) garden, orchard. Sabb. 
30 b . T Eriib. 25 b .— PI. liMMa. B. Bath. 61 b . — Targ. II 
Esth. Ill, 8 &05PIW3 our orchards (collect.). 

Vl^P&, i 


SHUl, * l ^l- ( j/33, cmp. saa, ^3, aa) to weS, ftwrst 
/brtt, whence (of sound) to shout, rejoice. Targ. Is. XIV, 7 
(h. text rtSB). lb. LXV, 19; a. fr.— Part. f. StS^a. lb. 18 
(Var. KSia), 

NjhII f. (v. preeed.) swelling, abscess, mostly applied 
to tubercles of the lungs. PL TSia Hull. 46 b sq.; a. fr. 
V. KrOTai. 

NTO, v. next w. 

fcHSHS m. (133) forc7i, fire-signal. Targ. Is. XXX, 17 
(Var. Xlsia, v. also XrlSialll). Targ. Job XII, 5 (Var. 

"133). V. iwa. 

*^r§ ! lil I, (Ni!7l!l) f. (v. sewa) aoscess. Snh. 84 b 
'313 HrtS'iab Ar. (Var. Ar. Xni3, ed. Stins) to cut open 
an abscess. [Targ. Prov. XXIII, 29 (Var. KriSllS).— PI. 
KrWfi. lb. XX, 30 (Var. SttTSYlB).] 

SSn^QlI f. (313) bursting forth, rejoicing. Targ. 
Job XX, 5. Targ. Ps. XLIII, 4 "W3 (prob. '313). 

ItfrC^QlII f. (313) alarm-post, signal-pole. Targ. 
Is. XXX,' 17 Ar. ed. pr. (h. yv\, taken fr. ",3"l; .oth. ed. 
Ar. SWD-, Targ. ed. ISTiSia q. v.). 

yQ I (cmp. 313) fo seceM, bubble, burst forth, shine. 
Pilp. ^323. 

'pQlI m. (b. h.; v. preced.) linen, byssus. Yoma 

VII, 1 (68 b 


I3IV; i 

. Targ. 

713, fc^S ch. 1) same. Targ. Esth. VIII, 1 
Gen. XLI, 42; a. e— PI. pssa. Targ. Job XVIII, 1 
Var. (ed. T^xia) Hwew garments (h. text 15a).— 2) (v. 
ySfla) «»«*. Targ. Is. XLII, 3; XLIII, 17 (Var. p213 ; h. 
text rtnil)&).— 3) swamp, v. N33. 

^TITD, Tosef. Sabb. VIT (VIII), 1 a word in a charm 
formula; v. &Oaa\ 

fcWXEl, v. wwa. 

■{TO M^S (l^in)m.(fr. r 3toshine;orig. 
a plur. of sena) l) wicks; v. XXia.' — In gen. candle, lamp, 
light. Targ/ 1 Sam. Ill, 3 ; a. e.— Cant. E. to III, 4 (expl. 

is. xxi, 5) '3 npiVii* xrroa naipx thou hast put up 
the lamp, lighted the wicks. Sabb. 30 a JOIST '3 rnaab to 
put out a lamp (Ms. M. omits KTai).— Snh. 14 a KTrt-n '3 
bright light (wise man). Gen. E. s. 85 (play on SIB), Gen. 
XXXVIII, 2, v. niSia) jnnxT '3 the light of the town 
(leader) ;— Pt'sjJiaia. Targ. Ex. XXX, 7 sq. ; a. e — 
2) (in Bab. dialect; cmp. irsa) a young pumpkin, contrad. 
to 6t"ip the full-grown one. Ber. 48 a (prov.) mjipa '3 '3 
Sili Ar. a. Eashi (ed.rtiSopa; Ms.M. Sli rtiBa.ipa wsp, 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) the young pumpkin is known 


by its shaft [by what oozes out of it, mBQipa], i. e. the 
future scholar is recognized by his utterings in child- 
hood. Succ. 56 b a young pumpkin (now) is better than 
a large one (later) ; (differ, in Tosaf . a. 1.) ; a. e.— PI. K^aia, 
■>3iSia. Targ. 0. Num. XI, 5.— Ned. 66 b (a misunderstand- 
ing of WSia betw. a Babylonian husband and a Palestin- 
ean wife). Yoma 78 a '33 ")3Bsa Ms. M. (ed. Xpira) 
cooled his hands with young pumpkins. — Meg. 12 a sq. 
(prov.) '31 I1p3 lma (Var. '131 13; Sot. 10 a '=1 I'IKp ia) 
the husband between the old pumpkins, his wife between 
the young ones, i.e. a faithless husband makes a faithless 
wife.— *3) (from its shape) SCiiTm '3 the pivot (Rashi); 
the hole (socket) in the lower millstone (Ar.). Pes. 94 b 
(Var. suis). 

rrws, arpsrai, v. *% 

VfrSffr, KJjS3 m. ch. (h. isa, v. bsa) omon.-H 
Xibsia/ibXia, '33." T Targ. Num. Xl's.— Kidd. 62 a ; a.e.— 
X. Shebi. II, 34 a bot. '31 !*i1&13 '3 country onions which 
mature no seeds; Gen. R. s. 82, v. b23. *Ib. s. 95, end 
'3 nbpl peel the onions (i. e. take all we have); [the pas- 
sage seems to be corrupt; the explanation beginning with 
i& is a glossator's note].— Kidd. 62 b ; v. next w. 

62 b ; - 

n. (v. preced.) onion-like plants, leeks. Kidd. 

MS 1 © m. linen garment; pi. p3:iia, v. KXia. 

8tcra, T .ifwi.. 

n^ln, y. next ws. 

fTTXlS pr. n. pi. (b. h. h1S3, v. 123) Bozrah (Fortress), 
an Idumean town, the home of several scholars. Y. Naz. 
"VII, 56 a bot.— Denomin. 

jrnria, rnsia, narcria m . of Bozrah. 

Y, Ned. T VI, beg. T 39 c .' Cant. R. "to VII, 1. Lam. R. to 
IV, 20 hKlxa.— Fern, h. hilSia. Y. Bice. Ill, beg. 65° a 
Bozrah fig. 

&SrrKiH, v. xtwiaa. 

IKplS m. (cmp. pia«, b. h. piapa for which LXX, 
(Boxoif, pixoi;; cmp. &»13, p313) 1) a» earthen vessel, 
pitcher.— PL ipia. Ab. Zar..37 b , a. e. '31 '3 iTO ibhh Kb 
hang not empty pitchers on R. N., i. e. do not pronounce 
him the author of such an absurdity; a. fr.' — 2) (fr. its 
shape) hind leg, thigh. Hull. 42 b ; 54 ab ; v. Kara*. [Ar. s. 
v. B»5 quotes 60313.] 

iCpl3, '2 iTSl pr. n. pi. J3ett JSwfcya. Yeb. 84 a . 

"jl^plS m. (Pooxxtcuv, bucco; v. Sachs Beitr. H, 121; 
Sm. Ant. s. v. Atellanas Fabulse) bucco, the clown in the 
Atellanse Fabulae of the Romans. Ab. Zar. 18 b ; Tosef. 
ib. II, 6 'piplal '3; Y. ib. I, 40 a ynBla ynpla (corr. ace.) 
Bucco and Macchus. 

by yn, corr. wfcya (« &;^a) f. P i. (!»<*», 

PoxavY)) bucinm, horns used in the Boman camps_ to 
proclaim the watches of the day and the night. Cant. 
B.toI, 12 he appointed over them (read:) 1211251 '33 yevbp 
(v.Yalk. Cant. 983) criers with bucinae and Shofar. Lev. 
B. s. 29; Pesik.Bahod.p.l52 a ; Yalk.Lev. 645; Num.782; 
Ps. 840 (corr. ace). [Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXX1, 4 dUi pBO, 
read pMiBbbl '3 rVDIp.] 

a&bpm, n&bpm, v. wbpa. 

Ipl'S, v. ipa. 

NilplS, v. Khpa 

1*3 1.( yna, v. hh2) to be empty, waste, uncultivated. 
Y. Dem.VI,25 b top i"N lian Kb© in order that Palestine 
should not lie waste. Ib. '31 bxi 111311; (read as) Y. Ab. 
Zar. I, end, 40 b 11131 let them rather lie waste than rent 
them to a gentile.— Part. 13, hia a. h112. B. Mets. 101 a 
1113 h13 XhhlB in order that the field may rather lie 
waste in his own possession; cmp. Y. 1. c. [Bashi fr. 
113 to be clear and firm in his possession, by buying it 
•back from the gentile. B. Han., in Tosaf. a. 1, hlis, 
lying waste in the gentile's possession; v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note. 90.] B. Bath. 168 a h1133 ["TBK1] K311S Kb (v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) it means to say that even in the 
case of an unbroken field being rented, the tenant has 
to pay the scribe's fees; Bashi: even if the field will 
have to lie fallow for some time to come yet. [Cmp. 
part. fern. hbih fr. bin.] . 

Hif. TOr/a. Win (fr. 13i, or last) to let lie waste; to 
neglect. Arakh. IX, 1 (29 b ) hliah ('in) if he let it untilled. 
Ex. B. s. 27, end rmaih. B. Mets. IX, 3 'in (Y. ed. 'ah). 
Gen. B. s. 82 T^aa Oliaia; Koh. R. to IV, 6 l,1^aa Pi.). 

Pi. 1i*2 1) same. Koh. R. 1. c, v. supra. Ex. B.' s. 32 
(play on HUB in -jhUDK Jer. Ill, 19) tfiia2S> DRI^a ye 
neglected yourselves (mentally).— *2) (denom. of 113 II 
or 1ia) to prepare a pitfall, to entrap. Lev. R. s. 19; v. 
nwa 2). 

"113, T3 ch. as preced. Kal. Targ.O.Gen. XL VII, 19. 
—Part, 1113.' Taan. 6 b '31 11113 Kb the halls (academies) 
are not empty (oth. expl.: the gardens do not lie w|iste). 
Lev. R. s. 1, beg. he sees '31 hliia hibph (Var. Kina) 
his field waste (in the Sabbath year) &c. 

Af. 1131N as preced. Hit— B. Mets. IX, 3; Ib. 104 b ij* 
hb K313la if I should let it lie waste. 

*lthpe. law* to become empty (stupid). Targ. Jer.X, 14 
(h. text TSaiy 

ll3ll m. ch. (cmp. Iial) 1) something waste, wild- 
growing, whence weed, brier. Targ. Is. VII, 23 ; a. e. 
(always with iK31h q. v.; h. text hUtJl lia©).— 2) (adj.) 
coarse, indigestible. PI. plia. Koh. R. to I, 18 the one 
ate '3 pba coarse food. 

"1113 to choose, v. 113. 

l!3 Im. (v. 1131) uncultivated, an uncultured person, 
mannerless, ruffian. Aboth. II, 5; — Mikv. IX, 6 bffl 
113, v. &1K33 — PI. dilia. Num. R. s. 3, beg. 

"IIS II m. (rarely fern.) (b. h.; v. isfil a. 1«a) 1) pit, 
cistern, often=1IS;a. Erub. II, 4 contrad. to IXa, v.ib. 18 a 
D^ifi Dia 183 . . . pOTiaa '2.— B. Bath. 64 a VrrSlria '3 
5or means a pit or well gained by mere digging (without 
masonry), v. rtll. B. Kam. T, 5 (50 b ), a. fr, iUSa! mB '3 
a narrow pit (about ten hand-breadths deep), a lengthy 
ditch, and a spacious cavity.. Y. Sot. II, 18 a , v. Ijta. 
B. Kam. 6 a ITOlin 'S the word bor proves. Taan. 8 a , v. 
tV&tn. — Tmsi. obstacle, danger (v. Ex. XXI, 33 sq.). B. 
Kam. 6 a bipiiiall '3 a moving danger (e. g. a rolling 
stone). — rt-ii&l '3, v. !Tnib.~ Vllifi '3 the Large Well, 
S-lVttn '3 the Pilgrims' Well, names of cisterns in the 
Temple premises. jErub. X, 14; Midd. T, 4.— fiiiSO '3 
TVIISbapx the tank of sweet water in Alexandrian mer- 
chantmen. Ohol. VIII, 1; Sabb. 35 a ; a. e.— [lb. 77 b '3 
Xpm, v. Xp^nia.]— 2) a receptacle for oil or. wine w 
tae jpre'ss. Maasr. IT, 1 ",up '33 like an oil tank on a 
small scale. Ab. Zar. IV, 8 db TP1B IS until the wine 
comes into the tank. — PI. Hilia. B. Bath. 17 b ; a. fr.— 
Brub. 104 b hllprVa,- v. Iprt.— [Y. Snh. I, 19 a bot. Th*. 
"p1S1=-|&niai I and thy Creator.] 

NH"Q m. (b. h. soa; 1*13) Creator. Ab. IV, 22; 
Y. Snh. I, 19 a bot., v. preced. 

Nllil I m. ch.=h. "rial. Targ. Prov. XII, 1; XXX, 2 
(h. text 15>a). — PI. [ilia, lb. XXII, 3 Ms. a. ed. Ven. 
prob. a gloss for iiaHOI] Stye. Lev. B. s. 18, beg. (opp. 

fcHlHl II m. (doubtful): 1) little cavity, hole. Sabb. 
103 a Xlpl "£> Ar. (ed. Koh. vm&>, ed. Xllia q. v.).— 
2) female's pudenda. Ib.l40 b Eashi,"Var.(prob.c1 l 
ed. X113), v. Klla. 

ybms, v. r^ia. 
' -pm CjiTfi), om m . 

buigusj Httte turret, isolated place 
used as a station for travellers (eastf 
v. Mansio). Lev. B. s. 7 '21 'aVsiif 
first station &c. ; Pesik. Eth. Korb. p 
Yalk. Lev. 479, end -]i1 113, corr. ace.).. Midr. Till. ■ 
X, 1.— PI. Ensaiia, pialia. Y.Meg.IV,75 c bot. '33 lift he 
who takes lodging in &c. (contrad. to h p13'lB). — Y. Erub. 
V, 22 b bot. '31 nnsa V 'S on account of a connected Sabbath 
line bymeansofundergroundwalks and of turrets ; (Tosef. 
ib.VI(V), 8 rYlVlia). Erub. 21 a ?333'3 pX the law as to 
stations in the neighborhood of towns eventually counted 
as outskirts for measuring Sabbath limits, cannot be 
applied to Babylon &c. lb. 55 b 'pinaili '3STI Ms. M. (ed. 
ilSTOt}) and the station houses in the fields (containing 
provision and lodging rooms). Maasr. Ill, 7, v. rPDpTsX. 
Mekh. Yith.Bahod. 1 '31 pai113Sl rW p&iisian H!K .../lirl 
(read p^alton rW) ye are now forced to keep in repair 
the large and small stations for those going to the royal 
vineyards (prob. to be read S"D13 fortresses). — Lev. B. 
s. 37; Erub. 64 b ; Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 a bot. (p3113, corr. 
ace); Tosef. Pes. I (II), 27 "OS* '3 ?li) (1??Sl) rYTrviSa I am 

(TtUp-j'tOV, TUUpY05 

of residence, often 

Hum; v. Sm. Ant. s. 

he arrived at the 

Ar. (ed. pJilta, 

one of those station guards. Lam. B. to I, 4 it does not 
read (the roads are in mourning) pa^ia i^aa '3 i33a 
(Ar. pDT?3, read pB&iJba) because they are not guarded 
with turrets and catapults. [Midr. Till. 1. c. •jiliasi, v. 

"pMTD, v. preced. 

"jiTfiS, v. paita a. next art. 

nOJniil, v. next w. 

~JM pH m. (denom. of pi113) keeper or resident of 
a station house. Midr. Till, to Ps. X, 1 when it grew 
dark, -jSlian lb S3 (read *b . . . .) the burgani came to 
him. lb. Ofl ?2i* . . . . Iin he turned back and came to the 
burgani. Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 43 d nailia maa xnx ed. Krot. 
(oth. ed. filjaiia, read i3i113 or ililia) a station guards- 
man (burgarius) came to him. 

mi^TD, v. preced. 

~3 j'3 m. (burgarius) castle-guard, station soldier. 
Gen/pC. s. 36 ; v. next w— V. preced. 

rfi~),3~) ! fi f. (denom; of preced.) station. Gen.R. s.36 
Noah is called 'a man of the ground' (Gen. IX, 20) 1i113 
"3 blB? as the burgarius is called by the name of the 
castle; (Yalk. G-en.61 nTililia, Ar. tir his station). 

nnl'fiil, i^riJP~l5 pr. n. pi. Burgatha, Barkatha, 
a Galilean place north of Samaria; v. Neub. Geogr. p. 173. 
Y. Ab. Zar. V, 44 d ; Bab. ib. 31 a 'p13. 

' ^"^HIS m. (Parthicus, n.ap&ixo«) scarlet-colored 
(sub. pellis, 8sp[j.a) leather, scarlet-dyed dress. Y. Keth. 
XII, 35 a top '31 '3 iSWai* dress me in scarlet (which 
is) neither white nor dark; Y. Kil. IX, 32 b top Kpililtl; 
Gen. E. s. 96 Kpiiai tre>133; ib. s. 100 ilp^iai pixa. 
Yalk. Job 924 Kiplia (for which Sabb. 114 a pIPlNfi ilia). 
Cmp. plM&t a. Kraiffiifi. 

ynn, ""sp^ma p es . 4o», v . ^ ?59S . 

& yry/H, &O n Tl!ll m. (a corrupt, of flagellum, cmp. 
VaiS; late Lat. burdillus; cmp. late Greek poopSooXiJetv, 
Sachs Beitr. II, 88 note) club, whip— PI. p^lia blows, 
lashes. Pesik. B'shall. p. 81 b ; Yalk. Ex. 225 pTiWia 
(corr. ace. ; Mekh. B'shall. 1 niaa).— K^iflia. Mum. B. 
s. 13 '31 JOBI!!) FVan she beheld the rods and whips. 

Q'TI'fi m. (comp. of lia a. Di) [well of blood,] 
dysentery, bloody flux. Ned. 4l b pTDta pNI pip3a ps '3 
10115 (Ar. mis .... 6113) we must not visit (one afflicted 
with) burdam, nor mention its(real)name. [Bashi quotes 
a vers. &11U] 

DTTQ, v. preced. 

1 WV& v. p&lia. 

"'Spimn Pes. 40 b , v. 1SS13*. 

nil3 f. fallow ground, v. -foal. 

nniB f. ("rial) emptiness, senselessness— 'a iial un- 
meaning things, nonsense. Nidd. 69 b ; 70 b . 

Nj^HH'fi m. (a comp. of 113 a. Spl^t, v. pSl) a 
leaping we'll, i. e. a well which springs forth periodically 
to disappear again (v. Is. LVHI, 11). Sabb. 77 b ed. in 
two words (oorr. ace; cmp. 31113; Ms. M. Mp*«t 113, corr. 
ace.), phonetic etymol. ip3 111 113 this well is empty. 
[Syr. Xpil 13 ocrea, XpJil 113 iiam, P.Sm. 586 sq., Nold. 
Mand. Gr. p. 20 (cmp. fliliS, 1^3112) have nothing to do 
with our w.] 

*S^t3"l ! l3-m.(aoorrapt.ofverutum 1 pTipuTTa,S.)sjBi<. 
Sabb. T 146* '33 . . . TOTo> to break open a barrel (of 
dates) by jamming a spit between the splices (Ms M. 
'il311p, Alf. ed. Cost. XrYnia). Snh. 27 b top '31 xnp the 
handle of a burtya. 

"HiS f., pi. nisiia, niniia (1131) frees wfcicA fail to 
thrive after transplantation. B. Bath. 95 a ItBS I^S bapa 
SliKab '3 Ms. H. a. Ar. (ed. mniia, nviia, Ms. M. niKOB 
ttKOb corr. ace.) the owner must be prepared for ten 
failures out of one hundred trees planted (and has no 
claim on the contractor). 

"Hi3, "H3 m. (v. 113) 1) strength, health, normal 
condition. Y. r- Gitt. VII, 48 c bot. Villa "IPa pnniBJ lost 
his speech while in his normal health (suddenly), opp. 
Vim ViMa. Y. Nidd. I, 49 b ; Y. Keth. V, 30 a bot. 1B11& 
lilia (iiia) "jlria the child ceased to suck while in normal 
health. 'Mekh. Mishp. N'zikin. 6; Y. Keth. IV, 28 c top 
(expl. inSSlBO bs Ex. XXI, 19 'on his own support') bs 
11113 restored to his former health. Mekh. I.e. 13 V13 to. 
— 2) cmp. liBS) certainty, evidence, assertion. Y. Sot. 
I, 16 d -H113 b» ilaS stand by thy assertion (be not in- 
timidated). Gen. B. s. 70 V113. bs lniN -pTOSa they 
establish it (the law) on its strength, i. e. arrive at a 
final decision. 

anfi I eh. s; 

. Targ. O. Ex. XXI, 1 


*&OT]3lI f. (v. I21;=h. rfjsin, rtena) reed-matt- 
ing used for partitions, coverings &c. [Var. fcOlia, against 
Syr. N1113 a. best Mss., v. 13 III.] Succ. 20 b ; aa ",i=3&a 
Ms. M. 2 (ed. a. Ar. with 1, Ms. M. 1 '33) you may cover 
the festive, booth with matting. Bekh. 8 b . B. Mets. 67 b 
XH13X1 ilatl ed. (Ms. M. '1113 tel, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. 
note) dates spread on mattings. Eruh. 8 a an alley. "p13 
'3 (with 1, ed., Ms. M. with 1) surrounded by a partition 
of matting.— lb. 102 a '31 '3 *|113 W go and fold the matt- 
ing up (for the night), but leave a handbreadth of it 
spread.— PL NS1111S. Succ. 1. c. Ms. M. xni113 a. KST113 

(Ms. M. 2 


tf^in, fcTTfi Creator, v. «i12. 

p^i3, v. pia. 

rP")l3 f. (b. h. rvna, contr. of mis 

a sort of soap, lixivium, Nidd. IX, 6. Sabh. IX, 5. lb. 
90 a ; Nidd. 62 a , v. br]X, siilN, Kill? II a. Xni133. Kerith.6 a 
riVUBID 'a a borith won out of a leek. 

rni3, v. ^ 

Tf)% v . ^a, 

XiRlS, 5$n3""fl3 f. (v. -pa) something hollow, ab- 
surdity; cmp. 113 L Keth. 63 b ; Hull. 88 b ; Shebu. 12 b 
'3 Xil this is entirely unfounded (or absurd). fVTOlia ixo 

(Xtl ) wherein does its absurdity (or hollowness) consist? 

— [K3113 knee, shoot, v. K313.]. 

"l^^DIID, Tosef. Kil. Ill, 12 ed. Zuck., v. 5C1313. 

"p^nia, v. nisi?. ' 

Vbyfc, v. >6iia. 

5<b~l13 B. Earn. 113 b Var., v. KlVia. 

■piinn, v. ^1113. 

• sSZDH^Zl m. (Q13=d1S, cmp. P. Sm. I, 616) a wedge. 
Lam. B..' to III, 12, v. X&ilQSX. 

)Jl 3, v. r-a. . 

"^"lISl (1513) f. (A iBopvU, sub. vao.4) Liburnian (ship), 
a light fast-sailing vessel. Targ. Is. XXXIII, 21 ; Yoma 
77 b (citation of Targ. 1. c). E. Hash. 23 a . B. Mets. 80 b 
'31 '3b yro '5 an addition of three Jchor is a culpable over- 
load for a large lihurna. [Y. Kidd. I, 61 a bot. rYrtlla, v. 
fiia.] [Targ. Y. Gen. XXXVI, 2 SttVnjIia some ed., v. 

"O^fQlI pr. n. pi. Burnt, a place near Lydda. 
Snh.' 32 b . 

T5T 3 ' v - 

[Y. Ab. Zar. I, 40 a bot., 

*f"'^"l ; l3, '3 "1HD pr. n. N'har (canal of) Burnits, 
in Babylon. M. Kat. 4 b ed. (Ms. M. VOillia or pWVn; 
oth. var., v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note). 

nTJJD~n3, Cant. B. to II, 2, read 111111510113, v. 

NTplaDTQ, Lam. E. to I, 5 Var., v. WVWHS. 

* i lT) ; ]3II (^tTQ) m. (j3opaeo<;) tanner. Kidd. 82 a 
(Ar. 1013, ed.ip0113 q. v.) read: '31 yii* '3!ll ^arfl 21511 
(v. Tosef. ib. V, 14; Kes. Mish. to Maim. M'lachim I, 6). 
Keth. 77 a blU '3 a tanner on a large scale, ',TJp '3 on 
a small scale (who collects the excrements himself). 
Tosef. Kidd. II, 2; 4 ip0113 ed. Zuck. (Var. 1&113). Pes. 
65 a ; Kidd. 82 b ; a. fr.— PI. 011&113. Slice. 51 b Ms. M. (ed. 
ClilOlB). . 

"©HIS II pr. pi. Bursi, prob. identical with tp&lia 
q. v.* Kidd. 72 a . 

*yiwa n 

jv) tannery. T. Sabb. V, 7 b 
;c.) hide from the tannery. 

5 ]" , &"}l3. (^bblS) pr. n. pi. (BopaiTnta) Borsif, 
a city near the site of Babylon, frequently identified with. 
Babel. Snh. 109 a (phonetic etymol.) nS12J 113 Ar. (ed. 
^asffl, Var. K^ato; Talk. Gen. 62 11&123, Var. IBS, v. Eabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 5, a. Schr. KAT. p. 124; p. 278 sq.) 
an empty pit. Sabb. 36 a . Gen. B. s. 38 (calling it Bolsif, 
by play on n&O V?i, Gen. XI, 9). Ab. Zar. ll b 133 ma 
1&1133 ed.(Ms.M. ytrTnattJ 133 Tf% corr. ace.) the temple 
of Nebo in Bors. (v. Babb.J}. 8. a.l. note). Kidd. 72 a niB 
■<&1131 the Euphrates land near B.— Toma 10 a m& 11 nbs 

^iPP"}^ f - (pupCTixri sub. texvt)) 1) $e tanning pro- 
cess, tannery, [fr.(='3 bsa) the tanner; v. ibisfi]. Sabb. 
I, 2 O^ &6l nor must one enter the tannery (to look 
after the process, shortly before Sabbath). lb. 9 b n?nnil 
'3 the beginning of the tanner's work. lb. rfcTO '3 a 
tannery on a large scale; v. ^3113. B. Bath. 21 b '3 IxVl 
nor to put up a tanner's workshop ; a. fr. — 2) Bursilte, 
a suburb of Tiberias. Cant. E. to I, 4. 

XT1B, v. veer*. 

^"Hil morning star, v. pia. T. Toma III, 1 Mish.; 
40 b ; T. E. Hash. II, beg. 57 a . V. ikplS.. 

^"lISlI, ^^"lia'pr. n. m. Bor'kay, an Amora. 
T. Kidd. ni, 63 d bo't.; a. e. Koh, E. to IX, 9; Talk. ib. 

979 ispis. 

fcOpTD, Talk. Job 924, v. KpTllS. 

!"[Tm"D, read KlTttp. 

flTTfQ, Targ. Job XV, 33 s 

f. SIMS. 

e ed., read ST^bia, 

0"fi (b. h.; j/Va, v. fifiS); (as adj.) m. confounded, 
abashed, ashamed. Zeb.l01 a/ 3l 12513 i6l miri he confessed 
and was not ashamed so as to say, 'I have not learned 
it', but he said &c; ib. b (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1.).— Hag. 22 b 
i31liiS= b '3!*tt513; Tosef. Ohol.V, 11 "WtSSa. Kidd. 81 b iril23ia 
she is too bashful to &c. Keth. YIII,' 1 ^12)13 1SN we are 
confounded (to find a reason) ; a. fr.— trtB 11)13 (not rHD13) 
bashful, chaste. Aboth V, 20. 

Pi. B3i*S to put to shame, insult, disgrace. B. Kam. 
VIII, 1 'ilUTi HN li3i?3an he who exposes a sleeping person 
to shame. Ib. '31 p^til he injured and exposed (a person 
at the same time). Ib. lipinnohl Onil i&b ban all (the 
fine) according to the social position of the insulter and 
of the insulted. Succ. 53 a happy our youth '31 ,112^3 a6tt) 
which casts no reflection on our old age; a. fr. 

*Hif. UJiairi (cmp.1i3ifi fr.113) to trouble, spoil. Tosef. 
B. Kam. V, 12 ed. Zuck. (Var. W*iOn, v. tli!*3, as Mish. 
V, 3). ' ' 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. la^anfi, avians to be put to shame, 
be exposed, insulted; to be bashful. B, Kam. I.e. Ned.20 a . 

Num. E. s. 15 'paBi-Jl 'anfi he felt ashamed (to offer the 
king common accommodations) and hid &c. Ib. ■'tllB^afO ; 
a. fr. 

J1I25151 f. (b. h. ; preced.) shame. B. Bath. 75 a fib iix 
'3 nm& Oh, for that shame! Zeb. 113 a . T. Shebu.VII, 
38 a top '3f1 "OBo in order that they should be ashamed 
of each other (to swear falsely). T. Ned. V, 39 b ii&o 
'ain in order to make reparation for putting his neighbor 
to shame; a. fr. 

'3(u*3 a word in a charm formula, supposed to 
mean night; v. 131B1X. Sabb. 67 b (Ms. M. ipfflia). 

JOI^S f. 0>iDS) 1) warm and moist (of a fresh stripped 
hide). T Sabb. 79 a '133 tjriri Ar. (ed. 1-6112)^33, early ed. 
ribll)133, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) there a fresh hide is 
meant (not dry enough for the first process of tanning). — 
2) PI. "^123ia ripened fruits. Ber. 40 b noraia '3 Ar. (ed. 
fctlaa) figs ripened by shrinking (placed in the ground, 
Ar., overripe through exposure to the sun ; Eashi). 

"inn, v. sub. ^Qi3. 

nSJiS, nHJ3. f. (b. h.; 12313) (freq. with ffns) shame, 
insult'; bashfulness, chastity. Ber. 32 a ; a. fr.— Keth. 67 b 
'31 ^12) SFll23i3 the shame of a woman (in remaining single). 
— Trnsf. (sub. lal) indemnity for exposure. B. Kam. 
VHI, 1 sq. Ib. 85 b '31 rV*b .pll O an indictable insult 
(without physical injury) is (e.g.) spitting in one's face. 
T.Teb. VI, 7 b , a. fr. -art ma pudenda. Lev. E.s. 14 dlpoa 
SB12J3 near her pudenda. 

' m, v. ma. ' ' 

*&&< 1 3riiH, D^XfiiK?) pr. n. m. a. pi. Bothneas, 
founder of Sidon. Targ'. IChr. 1,13 (Var. bSWD). Targ. 
T. Gen. X, 19 (b-nSWD, h. text pTS). 

^rria, n^nia, v^rrfr, "pnti, *^2_na 

pr. n.=h. ^llia Bashan, country East of the Jordan; cmp. 
ri3Bl3. Targ.T. IIDeut. XXXII, 14., XXXHI, 22. 
Targ. Ps. LXVIII, 23 (some ed. '3).— T. Maasr. IV, 51 b 
bot. 'parva T. Maas. Sh. IV, beg. 54 d 'STD (corr. ace). 
T. Peah I, 16 a (read:) ">N3r>ia, v. JKrVUh.— V. isna. 

N"im2, Targ. Job XV, 33 Sfnnia Ms. a. Eegia, read 

rnio'o, v. Kiwa. 
13, v. na, »a. 

*wa i, n, v. >>» i, ii oh. 

W2, v. «fo. 

"W3 m. pi. (v. sjia, KStTS) clefts, breaches. Snh. 95 a 
'3 lis'iaV pB3 (Var. 1312&, 'v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) he 
went out to fill up breaches, v. 13b. [Oth. opin. '3 13123 
name of a place; Talk. Sam, 155 '3 IBS, ed. Salon. 13123 
'3, v. Eabb. l.o.]. 

J^^St'3, m. (in) plunder, spoil, ill-gotten goods.— PL 
KJISata. ' Cant. B. to VII, 7 (expl. -|mitas Dan. V, 17) 
'31 Tp.tiaia thy ill-gotten goods ; you are plunderers, sons 
of &o. 

ISIS (Pilp. of 13, v. K13II, a. b. h. SJ3 in H. Diet.) 

1) to divide, distribute. Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 21 aist pK 
ia2Sl= l^m 1313a (v. ed. Zuck. Var.) one who distributes 
(honors) must'take none to himself.- B. Bath. 142 a a con- 
vert died '31 113131 and Israelites divided his property 
among themselves (he having left no legitimate heirs). — 

2) to give away liberally, to give charity on a large scale. 
Keth. 50 a '31 lata 1 ; ^X taiaan he who wants to be liberal, 
must not give away more than &e. lb. 113131 13113 map 
'minors' 'wrote' and 'gave away' (ref. to the order of 
three traditions concerning minors, transfer of property 
and charity, related ib. 49 b sq.). B. Bath. ll a '31 1313B 
who gave away to charities his own and his father's 
treasures; a. fr. — 3) to spend unnecessarily, squander. 
Gen. B. s. 80. [4) to divide spoils, to plunder, v. lla, 

xiiata &c] 

1213 ch. same; 1) to shatter. Esth.B. to I, 10; v. lia 
ch. — 2) to give away, to squander. Targ. Koh. Ill, 22 Xab 
'31 '3a fcOK why should I waste money in doing charity? 
—Keth. 67 b '31 rfnata he gave away (on charity) half 
of &c. T. Sot. Ill, 19 a , a. e. '31 iltataa niltt was squander- 
ing the estate.— 3) (v. Ma) to treat lightly. Y. Ter. XI, 48 b ; 
Y. Sabb. II, 4 d top (read:) [rVTPaa] XfflaiD pin la aVoi 
SWIpm Stataa and all this discussion arose from that 
servant [in B. Ammi's house] dealing lightly with sacred 

vm, v 

). II, 4 d top, v. I 

JT5SQ, rP^fa m. pi. [breakers], name of mes- 
sengers from Sodom [orEdom] ; a word in a charm formula. 
Sabb. 67 a (ed. !T>13 13, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.). 

7 a a word in a formula of incantation ; 

' WOP, v. next w. 

£02111 m. (Pers. bazwan, bazban, Perl. Et. St. 
p. 117 J collector of bridge toll. B. Bath. 167 a Ar. (ed. 
'1313; Ms. M. SOTTO; for oth. var. v; Babb. D. S. a. 1. 

&W0 m. (313, cmp. fcOna) that which is divided off, 
whence sheaf, bundle. Huil. 52 a straw '3 msi (Ar. ed. 
Koh. "pa) made into bunches. 

^rPJD Y. Kidd. I, 60 b top (ed. Krot. &tmil3), v. 


Ill2 m. (113) robber, plunderer. PI. tntita. Gen. B. 
s. 1 'a^UJ nam a nation of robbers. 

NVlia ch. same. Targ. Prov. XXVII, 19.— PI. ptit3, 
i.nia, T X^rita. Targ. Ps. XXV, 3. Ib. CXIX, 158; a. e.— 
Snh. 94 a (ref. to '31 1531 Is. XXIV, 16) '31 '3 TIKI IS 
until the robbers (of the Holy Land) shall have come and 
those that shall rob it from its robbers. Keth. 112 b .— 
Lam. B. introd. (B. Yits. 1) '3a aab Mil I" 1 !* (some ed. 
DWiaa, corr. ace.) what an affliction has come to us from 
the plunderers; v. Xilia. 

^1112, T2 m. (113) robbery, plunder. Targ. Is. 
XXIV, 16. 

^rPliD (&*rP3"il2) f. (v. atitaj plunderer. Targ. 
Ps. OXXXVII, 8 (Ms.' '5113; h. text HWB !). [Targ. Job 

xv, 21 itwita, Titiia, 'nifta, read xtita'.] 

S^rillD, v. preced. 

2^2, v. Sim. 

112 (b. h.; Y^ to divide, cmp. Stall, Sia, iaia, SS3) 
to distribute, to make spoil. Y. Mace. II, 31 d bot. STTI 
1113 made booty.— Part. pass, ilia, f. flllia robbed, illeg- 
itimately conquered. Gen.B.s. 1 dDTO Kiii '3 it is robbery 
what ye possess (ye have no title). 

512 1 ch. (ta) same. Targ. Hos. VII, 9; X, 2; a. fr.— 
Bsth.'B. to I, 10, v. 113. Cant. B. to VII, 7 (prov.) take • 
presents from ah heir T.'b p-131 ]n &6l but not from one 
for whom they make spoil (king). 

Pa. fta same. *Num.E. s. 12 '31 P13 X1H1 he robs (the 
youths of) the noon-day lessons (transl. llliT Ps. XCI, 6) ; 

to be plundered. Targ. Is. XXIV, 1 
-Ib.16 pnpa= 

Af. rai* to ca 
raa (Var. raa). 

Ithpe. t^tansst to be robbed. Ib. 


*1VZLII to be shy, v. 113. 

tfffllD, Targ. Job XV, 21, v. SWtita. 

&W112, Targ. Ps. CXXXVII, 3, v. Spta 2). 

^D, HIS (b.h.; yxito tread, v. 113) to tread upon, 
whence to despise, spurn, degrade. Ab. d'B. Nath. ch. 
XXIX '31 linn ni* ntian he who spurns his neighbor 
(rebuking him) for a sacred cause. Ib.^aasa plia )ft they 
make themselves contemptible (neglecting their appear- 
ance). Part. pass. ^113, f. !T;1ia. Y. Sot.V, end, 20 d nnifllU 
'3 1HX135 his prophetic gift was degraded (by him). Buth. 
B. to I, 1 111313 'a H1TV11 ia he who becomes contemptible 
through his own words (in not practicing what he teaches). 
Cant. B. to VI, 5 '3 11 IS Ha as the goat is despised -[3 
'31 p^lia so were the Israelites made despicable atShittim 
(through debauchery); a. fr. 

Pi. nra, ilia same. Ab. d'B. Nath. 1. c. Y. Sot. 1. c. 
he (Isaac) is called Buzi, '31 hX "OB) because he made all 
idolatrous temples appear contemptible (by his willingness 
to be sacrificed to the Lord). Gen. B. s. 30 (play on 113 
Job XII, 5) Vbv &ijaa TS1U5 they sneered at him. Snh. 65 b 


irWtia thou hast insulted him. Abothlll, 11 '31 nx rttSBfi 
he who disregards the festive weeks (treating them as 
week days); a. fr — Part Pu. iiWSa, pi. "p-TOa. Ah. Zar. 
Ill, 3 'Sort common vessels, opp. ''p^lM ornamental ; 
Tosef. it. V (TI), 1 "plTS ed. Zuok. (Var. '3a); Y. ib. 
IH, 42 d ; a. e. 

Hithpa. rt|ar>?7 to be despised, humbled, exposed. Y. 
Taan. II, beg. 65 a you cannot compare "'31 la25>a fijafiafl 
one who humbles himself to one who is humbled by 
others. Keth. 97 b . Euth. E. to I, 1 '31 )^fm n"1 Traitf 
when are the words of the Law despised by the people 1 
When the scholars make them contemptible (through 
their conduct); a. fr. 

^S, fctJSlI ch. same. Targ. Prov. XIII, 13; a. fr.— 
Targ. Y. Lev.'XVIII, 8 sq. (interchanging with Pa.) iian tib 
not expose. Y. Hag. II, 77 d hot. '31 ipin xb despise not 
the children of thy Master (thy fellow-creatures).. — Part, 
pass, ita, f. nita. Targ. Y. II Gen. XVI, 5. 

Pa. i*3 same. Targ. Cant. VIII, 1 ; a. fr.— Gen. E. 
s. 63 '31 'jWain 46 never despise, v. lii^lS. Meg. 25 b if 
one is ill-reputed 'p"©! te"isa fiiiWabYnb i-ffiJ you are 
permitted to show him your contempt with Gimmel and 
Shin (v. comment.). 

» Ithpa. iKiMK, I%>e. itanix i contr. itaiJS; fo 5e despised. 
Targ. Y. I, Gen. XVII, 5 'ilpifct tanil (read iiarmi).— 
Keth. 97 b ^STtVp that she (his wife) should be exposed 
to publicity in court. Ib. liaiVt that they (his heirs) 
should &c. 

"MB, t&Yll II (=3>ta q. v.) fo 6reaA, dmde. Part. pass. 
Pes."lio a JKiit'a &6lpi"l ed. (Ms.M.2 "pUS iVlpnpl., v.Eashi 
a. 1. a. Eabb.D. S. a. 1. note) a broken basket. — *Num. E. 
s. 12 '31 Xt3 STlffl for he breaks into (compels to interrupt) 
the lessons of the day (as a ref. to 'Sap, y. tta). 

Pa. ija to divide, change off. B. Bath. 37 a ' iisin ipl 
Ms. M. (ed. iffftts 1TS31, read with Eashi nitS ijtpl or 
iSMa ; v. Eahb. D. S. a. 1. note) he divided the usufruct 
of each year betw. the trees of each division of the 
orchard (so as to have actually been in undisturbed pos- 
session of the entire orchard for three consecutive years. 

*Ithpe. "flan* to be divided, cut apart. Targ. Job X, 1 
nutans Ms. Tar. (ed. Vien. rVHSrlS, Ms. niltthS; h. text 

nja, v. rot?. 

txyn, v. x;r a. 

ITQ, Til m. (b. h.; nta) contempt, disgrace. Y. 
Ab.Zar.'m, T 42 d '3 *itt) 131 a common vessel (v. ilia Part. 
Pu.). Y. Sabb. XI, 13 a top, a. fr. "3 'a SMS to treat dis- 
respectfully. Y. Hag. II, 78 a top '33 la35> 5M5 conducted 
himself disgracefully. Snh. 47 a ; a. fr. 

fcOi" 1 !^, K3i* l p!3 ch. same. Snh. 46 b dlffla nTQp 
'3 is burial required in order to prevent disgrace (to the 
dead and his relatives)? Ib. S>3 i6 Kin '3 dllBa J*"!* 
'31 (Ms. M. is . . n)Ti 15 . . .) if you. say, burial is re- 

quired in order to prevent disgrace, he has no such power 
(as to prohibit it by his last will). Ib. 45 a [read:] PTOHO 
'Sl.Ep'V fiBiJtl (the prevention of) disgrace stands to man 
higher than bodily ease (absence of pain), i. e. one would 
rather suffer protracted agony than exposure ; (Var. lect. 
v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8); Sot. 8 b . 

w^sl fcom. vcw) % w^l ^m. ( ia 

a. N31it;'v. iltll aT ni^l II) place or means of detention, 
whence l)prison. Ber.56 a Ms.,v.iiii'Ta. Erub.ll b N33K tip 
tOiif 131 Ar. (in ed. last two words omitted) placed him- 
self at the prison gate. — PI. W}3. Sabb. 32 a (prov.) at 
the gate of shops (you have) many friends . . ., '31 "2 S3K 
(Ms. Oxf. '3 i3K) at the prison gate— no friends &c. — 
2) (pi. as a sing, noun) lock, clasp, buckle. Sabb. 57 b what 
is ist'ma? Answ. WD. "What is bizyune? Answ. K*&3 
1(11*15 what imprisons the flying (curls), v. XaapiX. 

HD 5 !" 1 !^, II m. (inn, v. Nold. Mand. Gr. § 119) slit. 
— P/. T iMija, i.?i;tia. Ned. 56 b ; Snh. 20 b a couch is called 
mittah, '33 ipl&Kl iVwiK when the straps go in and out 
through slits (incisions in the boards), KfrpSSt; 
(Ms. M. emendation ijit 13, Ms.M. iDiiliS; Ned. l.c/ij'itS; 
v. Eashi to Snh. 1. c). 

* J3 m. shy, v. tta. 

NJ" 1 )^ m. 1) (part. pass, of ttal) despoiled. Targ. Is. 
XVIII,' 3; 7 (h. text ribCm).— 2) sneerer.—Pl. Targ. Ps. 
CXXXVII, 3 Sitiia (Ms. 'ita, ed. Vien. StttJS). 

1 5" 1 12, " l ]3JS m. pi. (v. tan) prob. distributors, 
hence=X3ita (cmp. XpPSX) vessels, dishes with handles. 
Targ. Y. Ex.'xXV, 29 litita Ar., iltSta Mus. (ed. ilSita). 

vO a word in an incantation. Sabb. 67 a , v. "pan. 

JT*]3, v. iVtia. 

Jj^Q, ?J|3, m. (Ita, with format. I -|; v. inta) vessel, 
dish, censer (b. h. tp). Tarn. IV, 3 entrails. 'Ss'trtlrtiri 
which had been put in a vessel. Ib. V, 4. '31 rtift Ofll 
in the larger vessel was the baz., filled to the brim with 
incense. Y. Yoma II, 39 c ; a. fr.— PI. tsi3ija, T^ta. Men. 
XI, 5; a. fr.— Num. E. s. 4 (expl. b. h. hiBS) rtJia^ 13113 

?pQ, N^S (*C^3, N3JS) ch. f. same. Targ. 
Num. VII, 14 T ; kJir.—Pl.' if,^}3,'i^^%, S^Sta. Ib. IV, 7. 
Targ. Ex. XXV, 29; a. fr. ' 

."^D, v. ssinaii. 

X^IS f. (X>tS) rem*, i>ar£. Targ. Koh. Ill, 7.— Pi 
■]Sita. T Targ. Y. Ex. XIV, 21. [Hebr. bwa, expl. iJlita 
in Eashi to Snh. 20 b .] 

!^ ,| 'P* I J3, v.Xpta.— dipita, Tosef. Ned. 1, 3, read biaita. 


?j53, K3D, v. tflS h. a. oh. 

>I3, b]t"l3 (Pa. of V&, yn, v. K13II) fo scatter, 
to distribute by shaking! (cmp. 113 Pa. 2). Sabb. 66 b 
'31 n^na^l Ms. M. a.oth. (ed. nibimb, mblis'b) let him 
shake it (the ant in the tube) to pieces and carry it off. 

^3, y. •ty'tt. 

2t3 ( yn, v. i.lSII; cmp. S23, 5>2S &c.) to split, per- 
forate,' rend. Targ.' Gen. XXXVII, 29 (ed. Berl. Pa.). 
Targ. Ps. IiXXVIII, 13; a. fr.— Y. M. Kat. HI, 83 d top 
■pOTSl and rent them (his garments); Y. Snh. II, 20 a top 
l-Wni (corr. ace). Lev. B. s. 6 ; Lam. B. to II, 17 (expl. 
iniatf 323 ib.) 'a niliSHS He rentHis purple (allowed the 
Temple curtain to be out through by Titus). 

Pa. Sftsame. Targ.Ps. LXXVIH, 15; a. e. (Var, Pe., 
v. supra).— Part. pass. 2»3a. Targ. Josh. IX, 4.— Y. Kil. 

IX, 32 b top; T. Keth. XII,' 35 a top "pStSa iliXa his gar- 
ments torn. Y. Kidd. I, 60 a top f&n KS-lSa Ktil and it 
(the wine botte) bursts in his hand; v. infra. 

Ithpa.$tet\iA,Ithpe.$l$n<, contr. Siaitf to be split, rent. 
Targ. Num. XVI, 31 ; a.' fr. Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 42 e top 'X 
'31 Kai the lake of Tib. was split. lb. Sana. lb. II, 41 c 
top SlipH nStahX his wine bottle burst. lb. V, 45 a top 

ffnra ssraia smi, v. supra. Bekh. 36 a rmsus waist 

his lip was slit; a. e. 

p53 m. (b. h.; v. next w.) [shattering, splitting,'] 
lightning. Y. B. Mets. V, ll a top (citing the Mishnah) 
'an fipiisni [not '31] and lightning struck her (affecting 
her feet, v. nptSSt). 

p$3 ( yis, v. ''tail ; cmp. pis) to break, crush. Erub. 

X, 14 (104 a ) '31 fka 'pptia you may crush salt (lumps) 
on the steps (that the priests should not slip). Gen. B. 
s. 50, beg. (expl. pian nxiaa, Ezek. 1, 14) pna etlrttt) rift 
'31 as one who crushes pieces of peat in the stove (when 
the flames break forth).' 

*Nif. plSS (cmp. pta) to be split in flashes, to flash 
(used of the divine spirit). Gen. B. s. 26 tlplS? SVfl mm 
'31 the spirit flashes in (seizes) one of man's limbs, .... 
tpMi b3S the entire body. 

p}3 ch. same.— Pa. p»3 to cast (or shoot) a mass of 
fragments (as from a catapult). Snh. 108 b KISS -plna '3 
'31 Ar. (ed. 'pltt) Film) he shot at them with dust and 
it turned into swords &c. *B. Bath. 73 a pTSa 13 mm 
JtbtlSI illia "pSSIK and there was a flash as if one shot 
forty arrows of iron (v. Koh, Ar. Compl. s. v.plS, note 5). 
—Ed. NVnm ^ll 'S.IK lOa ^ like one scattering forty 
s of mustard [from a confusion of which two 
3 the variants in Mss. a. in Ar. arose, v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note.— Ar. pt3i03 Ithpe.]. 

Ithpe., contr. piiai&t to be broken. Yoma 22 b how do 
you know that Bdzek (I Bam. XI, 8, v. next w.) is here 
used piaial X.wb in the sense of being broken (a frag- 
ment of pottery) ; perhaps it is the name of a place ? 
B. Bath. 73 a Ar., v. supra. 

p)3 m. (preced.) fragment, piece of pottery, pebble 
(testa)'. Yoma 22 b , v. preced. Tanh. Ki Thissa 9 '3 inol 
'31 what is bezek? Answ. he took a pebble &cl 

SS03, X(5.r3 ch. same. Targ. Prov. XXVI, 8 
Ar. (ed. ' SSpi^Ms. KpOTl). — PI. SPpta. Pesik. Shek. 
p. 18 a when they were poor, 'a'pWG Ar. (ed. fctipita) 
they were counted with broken pieces of pottery, when 
rich with lambs (ed. reverse order); Num. B. s. 2 h^pia. 

JlpD, Y. Kidd. I, 60 b top, y. Stp/tm. 

153 (b. h., yiS, v. 3>1S) to strew, scatter. Kerith. 6 b 
Rina Ar. (ed. incorr. miTS, v. Bashi a. 1.) he scatters 
it, lest it may decay. 

Pi. Ite same. Part. pass. IJOa. SifraB'har ch.I Vast 
'San ^ 1213 finst ed. Ven. a. oth. (Var. Ip&iaM) but 
you may gather (in the Sabbath year) the grapes from 
(broken) branches lying scattered on the ground, opp. 
■pfcta naUiii the vine seated in the ground (Y. Shebi. 
VII, 38 b top IpSlah). 


ch. s 

. Pa. 1J3. B. Bath. 73 a , v. pig. 

"XTfiil, ^r3 m. (=JtSH IS, v. Nold. Mand. Gr. 
p. 55) seed. Targ.Y.Gen.I, 11 sq. (0. K91T IS). lb. v. 29.*- 
Snh. 93 a , v. fctP&BStt. B. Mets. 74 b 'IS aW K&USt the 
tenant furnishes the seed; a. fr. Erub. 53 a KIPS Ar. 
(Mss. a. ed. 5t1i3, v. also Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 1); v. 
JKS32X. B. Bath. 73 a ; v. SplS.— Sabb. 140 b '31 '3 B^pS 
Ar.' (ed. reversed order a. St113, Var. WIS, K11&, a. StllS 
866M1, v. K113 II) he (B. Hisda) took a (valueless) seed 

e hand and a pearl in the other; the j 

he showed to them (his daughters), but he would not 
show them the seed grain until they were excited, .and 
then he showed it (as an illustration of the folly of 
curiosity). [Ar., with a Var. 5*113, translates, a valueless 
jpe66/e=Sp'ta q. v., which seems to be confirmed by the 
vers. JtS&rli Slia (read IS for'13) a fragment of an earthen 
vessel.] [Bashi's interpretation is grammatically forced 
and out of harmony with the natural reserve of a father 
towards his daughters.] [lb. 103 a Klpl 'PSb for (putting 
in) the seed of a pumpkin (Ar. Vtvab, ed. Koh. vmb, Ms. 
M. Xlipl vrrdb as a cavity for planting &c.).] — PI ills, 
"pa. Hull. 51 b 'a 11351 when the flax stalks have seminal 
vessels. lb. 60 b '3 IT'S Kltt) Ar. (ed. iJIPS) he put seed 
into it. 

!ttD"l!3, iO^PS m. (collect, noun, v. preced.); pi. 
1.311% *ia various' seeds. Kidd. 39 a . Hull. 60 b ; v. preced. 
Bets. 15 a '31 (111S) the folds (pockets) wherein the seeds 
are carried. Gitt. 68 b . 

S^DJ3 f. (113) disgrace. Targ. Job XII, 19. 

an ; n i, v. k™. 

-fillS m. (b. h. IDS) 1) chosen. Sabb. 105 a (ref. to 
SN, Gen. XVII, 5) I have made thee SN a father of the 
nations, '31 "|inh3 "i I have made thee a chosen one 
among the nations. Gen. B. s. 76, beg.; a. fr. — 2) young 

man, youth, unmarried. Keth. 7 b , opp. fia^S*. — Gen. E. 
s. 39 pia nVinai '3 a young man and a virgin on the 
one side (of the coin). Hag. 14 a ; a. fr.— Pern. nima. 
Gen. B. s. 71 ; a. e.— P£ Dilina, f. niTina. Num. B. s. 10, 
beg. '31 hip rnb to the young (the strong) 'the voice of 
the Lord (at revelation) sounded with might', opp. dUDn; 

a-nrD, pirn, v. XT ™. 

Xmirn Targ. Y. I, Num. XXI, 27 (28), some ed., 
read xnima, v. Nfrpfi. 

Till (omp. ^na) to look out, be cautious. Lam. B. to 
I, 16 beg. '31 final "p^itf (expl. in a. gloss liiianiX) the 
cautious did not go out. 

-pm, «frrs m ., ante f. prey u=h. ™*, 

ITS, chosen, select. Targ. II Sam. XXI, 6; a. e. — PI. 
T~mz. Targ. Ps. CT, 6; a. e.— T. Snh.VI, 23 c bot. 'pan 
'3 "paw eighty select (young) men; T. Hag. II, 78 a top 
"m (corr. ace.).— Pern. TJira. Targ. 0. Ex. XIV, 7 — 
2) (cmp. "jra) tried, purified. .Targ. Ps. XVIII, 3 1 ; II Sam. 
XXHI, 31. * 

JirnS f. (ma) selection, being chosen. Y. Meg. I, 
72 d top 'ijl'^UJ '3 iia as the selection (expression ina) 
used there &c— 'an m (also with omission of n"a) tte 
Temple of Jerusalem. Snh. 20 b ; a. fr— T. Toma I, 38 c 
hot. '31 on 1331113) your witness, the Temple, shall prove 
it (Bab. ib. 9 b iilia). 

ISFTPrQ f. ch. (v. preced.) B'hirta (selection), sur- 
name of the Talmudic treatise named Eduyothor Ediyoth 
(mil!)). Kidd. 54 b bot.; Bekh. 26 a . 

briSl (b. h. ; j/ha, cmp. yna s. v. ina) [i) to be 
disordered, sick; whence bnia q. v.].— 2) (denomin. of 
bffia) to be in that stage of ripening when the fig is called 
bohal; cmp. ttixa. Nidd. 47 a (quot. fr. Maasr. I, 2) diJXnn 
'31 liiabiTO .... ^haiffia figs are subject to tithes from 
the time they are called bohal, which B. . . defines, from 
the time their heads grow white. 

Pi. VP3 (Wlia), Sif. VTOn same. Shebi. IV, 7 '31 &nia 
(Y. ed. sftirna). Y. ib. 35 b bot.; Y. Maasr. I, 48 d (rtrWl) 
'31 nri^n iWlia i«a what is bih.? It (the flg) creates 
aversion (v. Wl), as we read (Zech. XI, 8) &c. Maasr. 
I, 2 sfcirniUSa (Y. ed. iVirraiD), v. supra. [Cmp. 133 as to 
spelling in Talm. Y.] 

^PD II (=Va, v. Prov. XX, 21, cmp. preced.) to 
hasten. Pi. bfjia to come early. Mekh. Bo, Pisha, 2 ia 
831 aiax ed. Livorno (oth. ed. bt\ 13 corr. ace.) when the 
ripening of grains came very early. 

Sif. binan to advance growth. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a top 
Woa SiniB 'iai ba (notWiaa niniB) whatever is done for 
advancing the fruits. Ib. Worlb (ed. Krot. ^nanb, corr. 

ItYTZl (b. h.; Kna, v. Ges: H. Diet. s. v.; cmp. na s. 
v. ina) distinguish, examine (cmp.')ia,iin), hence 
to try, probe (of metals); to find out. Snh. 107 a iJjna 

try me.— Part. pass. ^na. Pes. 87 a i]i3ina Ms. M. (ed. 
-paw, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1.) thy tried servants. Ib. b "Wia 
my tried servants. Yalk. Hos. 515; a. e. 

Pi. irjia to inquire. Yoma 73 b ; Shebu. 35 b lsma xb 
they did not ask distinct^ Y. B. Kam. IV, 4 b bot. 1"aii) 
'31 pn3a for the court (appointing him guardian) in- 
quires after his character. 

Hif. Iifian to distinguish. Snh. 8 b a. e. '31 fa pianls 
in order to be able to distinguish between the ignorant 
and the willful transgressor. Yeb. 42 a ; a. fr. 

"]flS ch. same. Targ. Koh. II, 6; a. fr.— Y. Maas. Sh. 
V.beg. 55 d (read:) '31 nib fljirai by whom every Mishnah 
has been critically examined. 

Ithpe. inanx to be tried, tested. Targ. 0. Gen. XLII, 
15 sq. (Var.'inanx, v. Berl. Targ. O. II, p. 15). 

"llD (b. h.; l/na, v. preced.) 1) to try, examine; v. 
infra.— 2) (with a) to choose, select, prefer. Tanh. Mishp. 1 1 
'31 imi biTftia tnrja thou didst prefer sufferings to 
poverty. Mass. Sof'rim XIII, 9 ; a. e.— Part. Hof. IfOla 
chosen, 'an 'ja of the best, the best way. Bice. I, 3 ; a. fr. 
— 'an la mxa the most preferable way of performing a 
religious act. B. Kam. 78 b ; a. fr. — 'an "a 'a the very 
best. Y. Pes. VI, 33 b top '31 nnil 'a for doing a thing 
(in the Temple) in the preferable way, you may set aside 
(the Sabbath law); for doing it in the best way, you 
dare not &c; a. fr. 

Pi. Ittia to examine. Pesik. B. s. 33 (ref. to max Job 
XXIX, 25) iinaal tf>Xlffl Win I was in the habit of in- 
vestigating and examining it; [ed. Er. emends iinaal, 

v. ina]. 

"iflS ch. same; 1) to try, test. Targ. Jer. XVII, 10 
(h. text "ina); a. fr.— 2) to choose, select. Targ. Ps. XXXIII, 
12.— Part. ina. Targ. Job XV, 5 (not I'm).— V. 11)13. 

*Af. ina!* to pick out. Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a bot. inaa 13 
Snn&1?pa when one picks out (the pieces of garlick) in 
the husks. Ib. inaa 13 (corr. ace). 

n^nflS f. (v. Iina) youth. Tana d'be El. ch. XVIII. 

ffinS ( ]/>0, v. }na) 1) to search, examine; v. next 
w.— 2) to stir, to go to the bottom of a thing (v. P. Sm. 508). 
Ber. 38 a ; Sabb. 156 a , v. hinttj. 

12Jn_S ch. same; 1) to search, examine. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XXXIX,' 11 '31 Uimaiab to examine ... . the accounts.— 
Sabb. 152 a SOltfina, fctilia:* kViS I am searching for what ' 
I have not lost (of the aged man's unsteady walk and 
bent figure). B.Mets.5 b '31 '31 13) until I may search and 
find it. Ib. 86 a '31 niinax Bin3 (not IDTO, v. Babb. B. 
S.a.l.note90) search for him and find him. B.Kam.97 b . 
, —2) to stir. Targ. Esth. I, 14.— Sabb. 30 b ijWa 1DTI3 itp 
Ms. M. (v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) he shook the trees. 
Ib. 140 a . Gitt. 45 a '31 )tdrQ stirred a (hot) pot with their 
hands. Ib. 69 b top. 

XOlS m. (preced.) 1) stirring ladle, pot-ladle. Pes. 
lll b [read:] S*3a31 N13 13 lim '3 13 iffm ' N 


and lie (the shadow-demon) looks like a ladle turning in a 
vessel &o. — *2)rakings, hotashes. Snh.39 a [read:] nrQTflSt 
'a Vflh she placed it (the roast) under the grate (in the 
ashes); (Ar. *Wl->aa map mhaTiltf; she placed it before 
him with the raked ashes clinging to it; Talk. Gen. 23 
'a STifen VtT\ "iamx, v. Babbi D. S. a. 1. note).— ["nana, 
quot. in Ar. fr. Ab. Zar. (60 b ), 'a inifi, read S^llttJ i|, 
arm-pit; v. T. ib. II, 41 a bot.] 

NttlS, v. ■«! 

^p^l^TDD, Ex. B. s. 11, read T^KBg. 

tal^tDS, flS^D m. (v. next w.; cmp. b. h. pia) 
^ewp. T. Ab. Zar.'V, end, 45 b/ aa; Bab. ib. 75 a '35; 
Nidd. 65 b .— Tosef. Tohar. XI, 16 pasa. 

12513111 (Pilp. of Bia or Baa, v. iaa) to swell— Hithpa. 
BaaatVi'; Nithpa. aaaans fo sweB, #tom>. Tanh. Mishp. 9 
as the bite of a snake is not felt fb» '31D IS until a 
swelling sets in, so is usury not felt T*bs naaBarrall) "IS' 
until it has grown upon him (the debtor). Ex; B. s. 31 
BSanaaS, corr. ace). 

tfTBa, v. *Soa. 

^m, bim, x&m, v. ^a. 

J^lHlS m. pi. Oaa)=h. ftaail, iaa*, column-like 
receptacles (of water). Lev. B. s. 25 (ref. to FYlFIBa, Job 
XXXTIII, 36, taking a as a radical letter, 'receptacles 
of wisdom') O lYlhlBa IFia what is battuhoth? Aiisw. 
Bitvaya. [Ar. reads SBI^oa, taking a as propos., v. Koh. 
Ar. Compl. s. v. KilBiB, IV, p. 27. Mat. E. guesses at SOla 
as a name of a bird, as parallel to ilSlS.] 

bunch.— Pi. ' 

C]aa, cmp. Cant. VII, 3) rounded sheaf, 
iaa. Hull. 51 b . 


fTES (b. h.; j/aa, v. ^aa; cmp. trn) to be at ease, 
without trouble, whence to trust. Ber. 6 b '31 rriaa^ V"in 
he ought to have trusted in the name of the Lord, but 
did not trust.' — Part. pass, rfiaa assured. Y. Naz. IV, 
end, 53 c .' — Lev. B. s. 31 "1115115 'a he may rest assured 
that &c; a. fr., 

Hif. rmnri to assure, promise. Ber. 17 a fW nnaafi 
the assurance which the Lord has given. Pesik. B. s. 1, 
beg. '31 yrnaaan malD S"SX though those who gave the 
es, the prophets, are dead, but the Lord who 
1 (through them) is ever-living; a. fr.. — Part. 
Sof. naas!a(=rii|Ba) confident, sure. Ber. 4 a '31 "p lifct 'a 
I am sure that thou rewardest &c. Ib.* l5> 'a may rest 
assured. Gitt. 58 a "iinaa!ia=iJiX 'a; a. fr. 

FTE23l ch. same. Taan. 22 b S"sa 'a Stpl Vwn since 
he trusts in idols. 

4/1 naaN=preced. IK/'. Targ. Buth II, 13. 
Ithpe. Praam fo /eeZ sa/fe. Targ. Jer. XII, 5. 

nmir, nma ("maa) m. (naa, ^a, v . G es . 

H. Diet. s. v. naa; cmp. STipa) a hollow column-like re- 
ceptacle of rain water near the house. [Maim., a pro- 
jection in front of the window to stand upon in climbing.] 
Ohol. XII, 3 fiaan (Ar. Var. fiaax). Tosef. ib. XIII, 3 
'lEsas (ed. Zuck. laax, corr. ace). [Cmp. iniB for MiTlS, 
^BlV for MSB.] V. wjiaa. 

■jiniEfi, 'Wil m. (b. h.; naa) trust, faith, hope. Y. 
Ber. IX, T 13 b bot. 'i Hrh 1»i there is hope for them (that 
they will not be punished, if they repent before dying). 
Sabb. 139 a -a Dlinaa lin they put their trust in &c. 

'CDS ( j/aa) 1) (v. iaa) to sivell, burst forth; to 
shine. Denom. aaia, aaaia.— 2) (=yyt>, cmp. Tia) to 
tread, to dash to pieces. Denom. XB^aa. — Cmp. Baa. 

"^ v. tow. 

^taS, KIDS, STQS (b. h.; /aa to be hollow, to 
swell; v. iaayBBai), T ^aa &c; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) to 
talk inconsiderately, make hasty vows. Erub. 64 b (ref. to 
Prov. XII, 18) haian ba whoever vows or swears in- 
considerately. — Denom. "Wla. 

122 f. (v. preced.) 1) bottom, bathing basin; v. ^aaax. 
— 2) bottom, depth. Gen. B. s. 68 Ar. (ed. ">aaax); s. 50; 
s. 86 (ed. iBtl) ; v. SB*)*. 

rTtelil, J 2 "pi pr. n.m. Ben Battiah, nephew of R. 
Johanan b. Zaccai, one of the leaders of the terrorists 
during the siege of Jerusalem by the Romans. Koh. B. 
to VII, 11; Lam. B. to I, 5; (Gitt. 56 a 8t*ipb sax). Kel. 
XVII, 12. 

&nm (rmltala) f. (aaa) cleft, grotto; ruins. 
Gen. R. s. 31 S-p-QBl 'a Kina Ar.' (ed. "a) in the grotto 
(or' ruins) of Tiberias'; cmp. t^Sbx.— *Pl. NPBiaia. Y. 
Pes. I, beg. 27 a S<ai STTbl Jthiaia (corr. acc'/the ruins 
of the large colonnade (of Tiberias); cmp. Midr. Till, to 
Ps. XCIH, s. v. ^BTfti. 

^I^Di pr. n. m. B'titay. Y. Ber. V, 9 C bot. 

b^Ull, v. has; b^, y, tea. 


n la Vo= 

.(Vaa) l)Zoose, demoralized (=' 
Targ. O.'Ex. XXXII, 25 (h. text S^iS, v. : 
2) i(i!Ze, uai». PI. }~b*m, pVaa. Ib.V,9. Targ. Koh.V,2. 
— 3) idle, resting. Targ. II Esth. Ill, 3.-4) invalid, void 

sb^asi f. 

]Zl f. (!3aa ; h. bsitsia) idleness, loss of time. Keth. 
105 a "3 13K indemnity for loss of time. Ib. xnaian 'a N21p 
(in the case of) Kama, the loss of time was ostensible 
(i. e. all knew that the fee he took for judging was 
needed to indemnify him for his loss of time). Y. Ned. 
IV, 38 c bot. iWsa 13ia (in h. phraseol.) indemnity for 
their loss of time. 

p£fi, v. pa. 

S$rO" f GD, Targ. Jud. XV, 15, v. Xtma. 

3Efi I (b. h.; v. "raS) [to be hollow]; 1) for 6e void, 
abolished, suspended; to cease to exist. Keth. 103 b nbaa 
niBTlp sanctity of life ceased; [oth. opin. : the levitical 
law concerning the contact with a corpse was suspended 
in favor of Babbi; v. Tosaf.a. 1.]. Ab.V, 16 nbaa "tin 'a 
'31 as soon as the (sensual) attraction disappears, love 
will disappear. lb. 21 as if dead QblSrt jO "SI 1SS1 and 
passed away. and disappeared from this' world. Y. Meg. 
I, 70 d top, a. e. rvwn nbaa nbaa the Scroll of Fasts 
has been abolished (the festive commemorations enum- 
erated therein are no more observed). Sot. IX, 9 (47 a ) ; 
a. fr.— 2) to rest from labor, be at ease, be idle. Ab. IV, 10 
'31 In Stela OX if thou choosest not to study the law, 
there will be many disturbances (excuses) to assist thee, 
lb. I, 5 "Via baia he neglects the study of the Law; 
a. fr. 

Nif. baa? 1) to be abolished, suspended. Y. Meg.I,70 d 
bot. boa'* 'pins (=b»la'-rib) shall in future be abolished 
(neglected). Gitt. 32 a , v. infra.— 2) to be excused, be ex- 
empt, lb. II, 16 thou art not a free man rtiaa baanb so 
as to he exempt from life's duties.— 3) to remain single. 
Gitt. IV, 5 (41 b ) baa 1 ; shall he never marry? 

Pi. ba^a, baa 1) to abolish, suspend, cancel, undo, 
neglect. Ab. II, 4 '31 "plan tea set aside thy will for 
the sake of the Lord's will, in order that He may set 
aside the will of others (euphem. for Sis will} for the 
sake of thy will (withdraw evil decrees at thy prayer), 
lb. IV, 9 '31 teaart he who neglects the study of the Law 
on account of his wealth. Sot. IX, 10 (47 a ) tea Sin fc)8 
ptisan nx he also abolished (the custom of) the wakers, 
v. "TO. Sabb. 63 a Plteaa he (the observer of the Law) 
will cancel it (avert God's evil decree). Mekh. B'shall., 
Amalek, 2, v. bipitsBW. Mace. 24 a . Ab. Zar. IV, 7 nab 
nteaa laij* why does He not destroy it (the objects of 
idoi worship)?— Gitt. IV, 1 ibaab bl3i -15^ aUD he can no 
longer annul it (his letter of divorce). lb. 2 in former 
times a man could summon a court in a strange place 
teal and declare it (the letter of divorce which he had 
sent off) void. lb. 32 b liail teaal 115P "WS a word 
(declaration) comes and cancels a word. — Ab. Zar. IV, 4 
(42 b ) an idolator (gentile) '31 lb© Vte teaamay(by mutil- 
ation &c.) cancel his own or his neigbor's idol (so that it 
is no longer subject to the law forbidding Jews to derive 
any benefits from idolatrous paraphernalia), but anlsraelite 
cannot &c. lb. '31 'a bibs 'aan in cancelling an idol, one 
has at the same* time cancelled its attachments ; a. f r. — 
nllDI 'a to resign possession, a legal fiction by which the 
carrying of objects on the Sabbath from one's own place 
to one common to several persons, permitted. 
Erub. VI, 7 lfiltB-l nj* teaa he (the brother who forgot 
to lay the Erub, v. ail"©) must resign his share in the com- 
mon property. lb. 68 b 'aal pilrtl fteaa you may resign 
your share to your neighbor, and then he may resign to 
you; — yan 'a to renounce (by declaration) the pos- 
session of anything leavened that may have remained 

ane's possession. Pes. 6 b "pS plian 
tea 1- !!" after one has searched the house for leavened things, 
he must renounce (whatever he may have failed to find); 
a. fr. — Part.pass. baiaa, f. nbaiaa. Erub. 69 b 'aa TfflBI 
"(b my possession be resigned to thee (for Sabbath pur- 
poses). Gitt. 32 a if a recipient says, Oa 11 nana 'this 
donation be void', tea - * 'shall be void', opp. to nbaa 
N" , n 'is a void one', i. e. has been annulled/ — Eduy. I, 5 ; 
Gitt. 36 b a. fr. '31 'ab bis*- "l"a •)■■» no court can repeal 
(overrule) the decisions of another court, unless &c> — 
2) to neutralize an admixture of forbidden food &c. in a 
certain quantity. Hull. 108 a teaal . . . ima IDiXBI and 
the portion of the mixture which is not its kind is prevail- 
ing and neutralizes the forbidden portion (as if did not 
exist at all); a. fr. — 3) to disturb, cause suspense, inter- 
fere with. Erub. 63 b ; Meg.3 a '31 Wte">a ye interfered with 
the daily offering; — Ber. II, 5 '31 "Oaa baab to suspend 
(shake off) the yoke of heavenly government even one 

Hif. b^aa/i to cause interruption, to order suspension. 
Succ. V, 5 '31 ton n!S biaanb to cause the people to 

Hithpa. a. Nithpa. baann, baan to be interrupted &c, 
v. Nif.— Tan. d'be El. I, 5; II, 3.'' 

blQS, TIDS ch. same; 1) as h. Kal 1). Targ. Lam. 
V, 15; a. e.— Sot. 33 a '31 MVras nb^aa the decree en- 
forcing idol worship in the Temple has been repealed. 
Meg.Taan.XI on the twenty second (of Shebat) fctpvas 'a 
was the decree &c. revoked. Sabb. 139 a , Snh. 98 a tea ij* 
'31; v. XffliaaK. B. Hash. 18 b Kn*l3"l!* nb^aa (Meg. Taan. 
VII nbiasnl*, read 'ana), v. XH-ia'-X; a. fr.— 2) as h. 
Kal 2). Targ. Y. Ex. XVII, 1 [read:] ■jln'-TW lb">aa"l when 
their hands were lazy &c.' — Part. pass, b^aa annulled; 
neutralized (in a larger quantity, v. preced. Pi.). Hull. 
100 a , a. fr. (in Hebr. phraseol.) 'a tfbmaa "pa in a mixture 
of homogeneous things (of which one is forbidden) the 
rule of neutralization by quantity takes no effect. lb. 99 a 
'a Kaiia it is neutralized in any larger quantity (than 
the forbidden ingredient); a. fr.— lb. 100 a top V"BSn1, v. 

Pa. V-aa as h. Pi. Targ. Ps. XXXIII, 10 (some ed. in- 
corr. b^aa); a. e— Erub. 66 b bios'"? )XZ& to whom should 
he resign his right of usage (for Sabbath purposes)? 
'31 biaapb shall he resign &c? lb. 67 a biaaa . . iblaa. 
Pes. 6 b n"teab let him renounce it (the leavened thing). 
lb. saixa 'ntea^l let him renounce it at four hours of 
the day. Gitt. 36 b histea* I would repeal it (that law), 
lb. 32 a ntea ibioai that he revoked it . (the letter of 
divorce); a. fr. 

Af. biaax l)=Pa. Targ. Y. Gen. VI, 7 biaas I will 
undo (h. text nnai*); a. e.— 2)=h. Hif. Targ. Is.' XXX, 11 
-a XMbaas make ye us free from tradition. 

Ithpe. biaanx, contr. biaais. l) to be abolished, re- 
moved, undone. Targ. Job XVII, 11; a. fr.— Gitt. 32 ab 
baa has two meanings biaaibl Safflal baai Saffla it may 
mean 'it is void', and may mean 'be it declared void'. 
Hull. 100 a S*ana V-aani (or b^aari) let it be neutralized 


in the larger mixture ; (why is it not &c?) — 2) to be 
disturbed, to be forced to be idle. Targ. Koh. XII, 3; 

bt33, II, THS m. (preoed. ws.) 1) null, void; vain. 
Gitt. IV, 1 Kin 'a" is void (revoked); v. baa Ithpe.; a. fr. 
— PL diljaa, pbaa, 'iaa— '3 Q1131 vanities, absurdities. 
Ab. Zar. 16 b ; a. fr. — 2) «'o7e, unemployed, not needed. 
Snh. 21 a one horse '3 KWV when not needed (for war). 
Koh. B. to VI, 8.— PL as supra. Y. Meg. I, 70 b hot. 
2"tlKb . . . T^iaa niUW (where there are) ten men at 
leisure for attending Synagogue, v. l^aa. Ber. 16 a Kim 
insxbaa 'affl provided they stop working. lb. 17 b M"n 
'a scholars have to abstain from work; a. fr. — Fern. nbaa, 
SiViaa. Ab. V, 16, v. ksl. Gitt. 32 a , v. baal, Pi.; a' fr. 

H512ID, f. (preced.) vanity, idleness. Keth. V, 5 'an 
'31 SliOaa idleness leads to immorality. Ab. 111,4 TOSan 
'at 13b who turns his mind to vanities. Y. Ber. VI, 10 a 
hot. '3b tB"B) 1i3tnb to pronounce the name of the Lord 
for no purpose.— Y. Keth. VII, 31 b hot. 'a btt! diiai use- 
less labors (as carrying water and pouring it out again). 
Gen.B. s. 91 '3 bffil 131 irrelevant argument. Y. Naz. IV, 
53 b 'an bs> for no use. Kidd. 16 b 'a 1311) compensation for 
interrupted labor; a. fr. 

]bm, v 

15^ m - fa*) unemployed.— PL di?bBa, l^baa. 
Snh. 21 b 'an DUDIS horses not needed for the army. Y. 
ib. II, 20 c . Meg. I, 3 O nitDS ten persons having leisure; 
v. Y. ib. 70 b bot. 

SSJ^OJl ch.same; idler, lazy ; unemployed. PJ.'pJ^aa. 
Targ. T Bx'. V, 8; 17— i.Sbaa. Pes. 51 b ; 55 a ; Ber. 17 b . * ' 

n^blDS f., llblaS m. (baa) idleness, loss of time. 
Treat. Abad. ch. II mb'aa; Sifre Deut. 118 'iniibaa his 
idleness (during sickness), 

"JTD3, I^TDSl (v. ib3) to 6e pregnant. Targ. Prov. 
XXV, 23.— Gen. B. s. 98 (play on triyah, Jud. XV, 15, 
as if Tpta, three) pin n5B3 she was going with two 
(making together three). Lam.B. to 1, 1 1H31 (TWO in 7). 
[Targ. Jud. XV, 15 8fOTB3, v. KT01B.] 

' "]T2Sl m. (b. h.; v. iB3) JeMy. Nidd. 31 b . Sot. 28 a 
'31 13aa the belly of the adulterer; a. fr. 

UOlfi ch. f. same. Targ. Jud. XIII, 5; a. e. 

"WISS Botnai, name of a bird. Hull. 63 a . 

nJ!3S, v. SOBSQI.— H. nisoa, v. also next w. 

Tlj UU m. C]aa) a musical instrument, a sort of bag- 
pipe; (oth. opin.) cittern fastened around the body; (oth. 
opin.) workingman's pinafore. Kel. XV, 6 (Ar. tmaa, 
oth. vers, "plaa, •jTPaa, v. Ar. Compl. ed. Koh. s. v.). 

"ODS Botni, name of a bird. Hull. 63 a (diflf. fr.iJOaa). 

tV^ES pr. n. Botnith. Pes. 57 a Abba Saul ben B. 

JSrPJ'Cfi, J 2 n il (prob. a geogr. term) (a hen) of 
Be Botni. bT Mets. 86 b 'a ia ., . . xnat a black hen &c. 
[Kashi xni3B& fattened; Ar. s. v. xrert: xnaaSia, Van 
sniaas ia, amass ia ;Ms,m. xmiae -a, Ms. B. 2 aniaasia ; 

v. Babb. D. S. a. 1., Koh. in Ar. Compl. 1. c] 

]y&l, v. niata. 

fcHlDil (X'liaS) m. (=K1BS "-a, v. KlBi») space 
/or spanning one's hand around an object=h. nbi&Fl or 
njim. Hull. 50 b .— PI. iioa. Ib. 76 a (ed. 1 for 1, as B. 
M'ets.' 39 b SlBi3> for KlBiS). [Differ, of opin. as to mea- 
sure : one finger or four fingers.] 

©Qi (v. BB32) to' tread; to kick, knock down (with 
one's foot), crush. Targ.Y. I, Ex. XXIV, 10.— Sabb. 116 b 
XSIfflb '31 Klan KhN the ass (offered to the judge as a 
bribe) came and knocked the (gold) lamp over. B. Kam. 62 a 
'31 S<nS&33 'ai who kicked the money box aside so that 
he threw it into the river. 

Pa. ttJiaa to stamp. Targ. II, Esth. Ill, 8. — B. Kam. 99 a 
he hired him Hfflsab (Bashi a. Ms. B.) for stamping; v. 
xajaia.— Transf. to treat with contempt, sneer at. Targ. 
Y. Num. XIV, 9.— Emb. 54 a top. *Shebu. 30 b hi3 115B3 
■T'sb maplXI (Ms. E. only . . niaplX) he insulted the 
ignorant man and made him stand up; v., however, lljna. 

Ithpa. aJaanx to be stamped in, mixed up. Targ. Y. i, 
Ex. XXIV, 10.' 

Ntol,. v. xmaia. 

"£l 1) (=-31) in, with, at. Targ.Y. Num. XXII, 28 
xnstti Xinn in at that time. Targ. Cant. I, 9; 13, 14 (ed. 
Vien. Kinna).— 2) (=113) between, among. Sot. 10 a ; Meg. 
12 a ; v. X51S13.— Sabb. 109 b ibbia 13 (Ms. 'a3) between 
the embers; a. fr.— HBatt) ia (=h. nifflatun pa) during 
sunset. Ber.43 b 'ID iai Xffillp the Kiddush said on Friday 
night. Keth. 103 a 'IS ia ba every Friday night.— 3) (=311) 
son of; v. iaia. Y. Ber. IV, 7 C bot.; a. fr.— 4) (=rna) 
house of, school of; home, place of&o. Targ. Job VII, 9; 
a. e. — . . . '1 131 ton (sub. iJH) a student of the school 

of B taught. Hull. 42 a ; a. fr.— Ab. Zar. 6 b '1 1313 

'IK (Ms. M. 1"a) in (the Boraitha) of the school of E. 0. 
— Yeb. 21 b inai ittQiK 131 one of the family of the grand- 
mother (whether mother's or father's mother). Ib. xax iai 
naiof the grandfather's family ;1111 i31one of the uncle's 
relation.— 31 131 the Boraitha of Be Bab (Sifra). Hull. 66 a 
(v. Bashi a. 1.); a. fr— pal 13 college. Ber. 17 a ; a. fr. 
[For other compounds with 13, v. respective determin- 

m, x^a, r\% rr>£ (n»^)£(via,iateQr. 

Pia) highway, road. [As regards the import, in theEoman 
government, of the office of commissioner on highways, 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Via.] Y. Hag. II,"77 C bot.;,Midr. Till, 
to Ps. CXIV, beg.; Yalk. ib. 794; Gen. B. s. 12 (corr. 
vers, by comparison) niilal njila (Dlpal dlpa) "jb pK 
iblB '3 to rtJlaa DIN (mt) nb (lb) )*im there is not a. 
district (place) which has not an ofBcer appointed over 
its highways; v. SIpilSK a. &1B1S5K. Ib. do not read iria- 

■rate but laffl ftira (Y. 1. o. fti i3 corr. ace.) (the 

of) via (the maintenance of the world's roads) in His 

name; omp. dipa. [For p(a force, v. Sijan.] 

Jl^SlI f. (b. h. M«3; Kia) 1) coming in, entrance. ' 
Men. 4 a ;'sifra Metsor. Neg. eh. IV, Par. 7 (ref. to 3251, 
Lev. XIV, 39 a. K31, ib. .44) '3 SOH 11 TO^H iOh 11 the 
same rule applies to his coming the second time and to 
his entering (after a week). Cant. B. to II, 6 (ref. to 
-|rm . . ., Deut. VI, 10) (on the door post to the right) 
of thy coming from the street to thy house. Yoma 86 b 
'33 . . . ittlVl oh, that the going out (of office) be (as pure) 
as the coming into! Ib. sq. tttfisra '3 . . . oh, that the 
coming home (from court) be (as sinless) as the going out 
(for holding court) ! B.Mets. 107 a dbisb '3 birth. Y. Naz. 
VII, 56 d top, a. fr. IDIpan fisoa entering the Temple. 
Yoma 53 b rrapil '3 entering (the Holy of Holies) with- 
out incense, i. e. needlessly. — lBaiB nxra sunset. Ber. 2 a 
'31 IfflattJ '3 the sunset of his last day of levitical un- 
eleanness prevents him from &c, i. e. is indispensable 
for his permission to eatT'rumah,v. IflD: — P^.Sfistra. 
Kidd.37 b '31 '3 TiaM bibl. passages mentionning entrance 
into the promised land; a. fr. — 2) (v. xia ;=iiVisa) coition, 
connection. Kidd. 1, 1 ; a. fr. — fills nisra incestuous con- 
nection. Y. Yeb. II, 3 C bot.; a. fr.— nixa '3, v. filSa. — 
PI. as supra. Kerith. II, 3 ; a. fr— Cant.E. to IV, lV WUJ 
'3 two ways of &c. 


■nara, v. **». 

l 1 ^ m. (313, v. 33) pipe, gutter, canal. Erub. VIII, 10 
(88 a ). 'Ab. Zar. IH, T 4. Gen. B. s. 12 ttnh& te Sara its 
water-spout over its entrance. Ib. 1313 man's spout (nose). 
Ex. B. s. 36 '3 !«ja he strikes against a gutter; a. e. — 
PI. DWa, para. Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. '3 &lp»3 on a place 
where there were sewers; Gen. B. s. 1. — Ex. B. s. 6 SplS 
'3 cleaning sewers. Koh. B. to I, 2 paraa (corr. ace )— 
niara. B. Kam. 6 a ; 30 a . 

fcCS ch. same; duct, underground walk. Y. Taan. 
IV, 68 d stwial '3 la S-rt> h$$; (Lam. B. to II, 2 b~b$ 
"13133 nra corr. ace.) he came up to him from the duct 
of the besieged fortress.— [Lam. B. to 1, 5 sarai, v. rara.] 

WS, v. rara. 

TQ'D pr. n. m. Y. Gitt. VII, 48 d '3 '\ read as Y. 
B : Bath. VIII, 16 c top, fZ. 

^"^•(vive). long live! Lam. B. to I, 5 '31 lliail O 
Ar. (read "0"vq1% vive domine imperator) long live my 
lord the Emperor. [Ed. "lluteit ilita JOrai, Syriac, corr. 


^a, ^:pS, ^ pr. n. m. (b. h., v. Ezra II, 11; 
Neh. VII, 16)~Bebai. Shek. V, 1 "Q3 p; Yoma 23 a 'ra. 
Ib. 34 b '3 31 B. B., an Amora. B. Bath. 36 b ; a. e.— [Y. 
Maasr. V, 52 a rara tea, read 133 q. v.] 

*"'3D i a m. (=133 ra, v.i?a) bath-house. Y. Ter.VIII, 
end, 46~ c ; (Gen. B. s. 63 "M T3). Y. Sabb, VIII, end, ll c 
'3 15. in (the water of) the bath house. 

"Q" 1 ;! m. (vivarium, ptpdcpiov) vivarium, an enclosure 
in which live game, fish &c. (also wild beasts) are kept. 
Snh. 39 a '3b millDb must be thrown into the vivarium. 
Ib. '31 irmtt} they threw him &c. but they (the' beasts) 
did not eat him. Bets. 24 a ; a. fr.— PI. Di'iara, Tiara. 

ib. in, i ; a. fr. v. s^ara. 

' 1 "Q* I D, Hull. 127 a , read iia ra, v. Wra. 

lA^a, ^73^ m. pi. (pi. of vivarium, v. nara) 
animals kept in the vivarium, game. Pesik. B. s. 16; 
Pesik. Eth Korb. p. 58 b ; Yalk. Num. 777; Kings 176; 
Koh. E. to II, 7 (corrupted "a^S, '313 &c; expl. Qirara 
bioax I Kings V, 3 chosen, fattened) '3 ijia various kinds 
of game (deer &c.) from the vivarium. V. K^ara, end. 

"]% v. -la. 

S^lS, Pi. of SMa. 

M'S m., ITS f. (ina I; cmp. fftia) /Sc«o», /a&e 
report, information. Y. Sbt. IX, 23 c bot. ; Y. Yeb. XVI, 15 c 
'3 la )1rb"6 tmmn and they were all taken prisoners 
owing to the information against them. [Babad Seder 
hak-Kabb. a. other chroniclers have erroneously "1 hteffl 
nna T-pa xTniu, read . . . mra "fa or lira.] 

-iits, arvrra, v. ■**?. 

. pT2, 

. XF)5lJl" i a 'f. ch.=h. nbna. Targ. 0. Lev. XXVI, 16; 
a. e. (ed. also xrfjina). 

Nffi/Ta f. (Una) sAfflwe. Targ. II Chr. XXXII, 21, 
constr. ninra; v. tttliia. 

vgr% mow% wwa, Ta f . w*)=«r* 

understanding. Targ. Prov. II, 3; a. fr. 

#$%I, WS1 m, ^DPiLf. (nail) 1) rent, dtf*. 
Lev. E.'s. 19 Ar. '3 ytirb xb'n }"nt\ ian [s6] (ed., v. crtx 
a. !*Stra).— Pf. lira. B.Bath. 74 a ; Snh. 110 a rah rrt ilHtt 
'3 Ar. he showed him two clefts in the ground (ed. 
W3 ran ifcttn); Ar. ed. pr. Var. p^bl KrVpa "Wrl . . . 
r«ia jesn (Ms. B. SWiTD, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) I saw 
a cleft out of which smoke rose. — 2) ruin, destruction. 
Targ. Is. LX, 18 (h. text 1l25); v. next w. 

w% wan m., atrra, ^n-ja f .=h.n.ta « 

w^; plunder, spoil. Nah. 'ill, 1. Targ. O. Ex. XV, 9; 
a. fr.— Lam. E. to II, 13 '31 !*ra*isa in Arabia they call 
spoil (Xnira) aditha (with ref. to *pi»K ib.). Cmp. mis. 
[Targ. Is. LX, 16 (h. text itB); v. preced. w.]— Trnsf. 
xnira robbed woman. Midr. Till, to Ps. I, 2 KrOlte '3 xn 
this poor robbed woman; Yalk. Num.750 (incorr. vers.). 

Waill m. (snira f.) (113, cmp. inia; cmp. iffl, IB) 
feeder, whence pap, breast. Targ. Y. Num. XI, 8 (brisket, 
v. Indira; h. text "lttk, cmp. "«?).— -Y. KU. I, 27 b top H^ 

'31 B cursed be the breast which nursed such a man.— 
PI. SWTa. Targ. Job XXI, 24 iiHa (Var. WTO).— Gen. B. 
s. 5 '=1 '5 ■pBiib, v. supra; Pesik. Zakh.p. 23 b (Ar. sing.). 
Y. Hag. II, 77 d bot. 

m% v. Mta. 

/"H* 1 ^ f. (b. h. hJ3; IB) spoil Num. B. s. 13, end 
BYl h-TB spoil made at the Bed Sea, d"iisa '3 made in 
Egypt; a. e— PZ. hi?B. Lam. B. to II, 13 (ref. to -p^SI* 
ib. ; cmp. Xh-VB s. v. SWB II) 'SI '3 h03 how often did 
I give you the spoils of your enemies. 

Sl-rS, "it m. (SB) rending, rent. Targ. Joel II, 13, 
— [shwo, v.' «sra.] 

'^P% R'l'fo m. (^BII) rag, wreck. Gen. B. s. 30 
K3d '3 old rag (contemptuous designation of an old man). 

ri&J'TS f. (v. XtBIII) brisket. Gen. B. s. 34 Ar. 
ilia blpbil 'a 1B31 (ed. hW "pill, which is the interpret, 
of our w. in Ar.).— [The orig. vers. prob. read hSO &WB3 
,1X5 bpb'il bS with a fine brisket on a fine plate; v. 
Yalk. Gen. 60; Ps. 697.] 

}^% v. 'ja. 
WIT3, v. 'm. 

^Pit, /"Ppl m. pi. CB II, b format.) cuts, rents, 
whence disconnected outskirts of a community. B.Bath. 
68 b (expl. ni-iiiffi) iVtB. What is bizle? TO ipb 1 *, v. 
XSSa; Y. ib. IV, 14 c bot. !T*B ["hlHD (read rm&). 

N^rSl (H3?r^) m. (SB) rewf, spW, efe/1 Ab. 
Zar. 70 a XttJ'B 'a nin there was a crack in the door. 
Cant. B. to IV, 14 (Koh. E. to X, 18 Wpa), v> b^S; 
Lev. E. s. 19, v. SWBI.— PI. WS. Taan. 21 b hB tTWI 
'3 "3 Ar. s. v. Shims (ed. Sita rrihl 801p, Ms.M. v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1.), v. KhVbia. Num. B. s. 18 '3 "TO iStWTl iVt«; 
Snh. 110 a , v. S>MBI. 

srfa, v. *$% 

*£&$% pr. n. pi. Bez'tha (contr, of Shi B Olive- 
town), T iiear Pumbeditha. Erub. 52 a B[3] Wttffl Kilh 
Ar. (ed. NhJisa; Ms. M. NhiT -03 read B3; Ms. 0. 8ttlTO; 
v.Babb.D.S.a.l.) my central point for Sabbath distances 

"fcTCftma, v. xtiqa. 
b^m, v. irja. 

12*Q, ^"2*0, Y. Shebu. HI, 34 d bot., read XSB. 

.fcfEPill (prJTa) .Beta, second letter of the Greek 
Alphabet" Shek. Ill, 2. Y. ed. (Bab. XtY'B corr. ace). 

" I *lt2* l 2, " l *l'"2il m. (iD3) «>a»», wsefess teft, ref. to 
vows and oaths which neither benefit nor injure any- 

body; B hSBtti a useless oath, contrad. to 1*111} '12 a false 
oath or one asserting something impossible. Shebu. Ill, 
9sq. Ib. 49 b ; B. Mets. 36 a an oath imposed in court ^K 
B.nsiatB dlUJa h3 does not come under the law of vain 
oaths (as to sacrifices). Ib. dih&tB '3 erroneous statement 
without legal consequences, oppos. to *paa iYVSa whereby 
somebody lost money. [Y. Nazi. I, beg. 51 a hSBlU ilbBttJ, 
read ^ISBll).] 

5112*3, 12*2 m. (boa) interruption, loss of time; 
abrogation; relinquishment, renunciation. Kidd. 33 a haip 
'3 il3 "pXH) rising (in honor of an elder &c.) which causes 
no interruption of labor. — Ifllh '3 neglect of the study 
of the Law. Sabb. 32 b ; a. fr.— Men. 99 a sq. P&ltsBlB d"a9& 
'31 sometimes the neglect of the Law is its establishing. 
Sabb. XVI, 1 a"h3 '3 neglect of lectures (through read- 
ing at home). Y.PeahlV, 18 b , a. e. d'TO B loss of time to 
the poor (when compelled to wait for their share in the 
crop).— Erub. 66 b hllin '3, v. baa Pi.— Y. Gitt. IV, 46 a 
top, a. fr. mail i-niS B neglect of marital life.— Y. Ab. 
Zar. HI, 43 d bot. '3 his ffli can be cancelled, v. ib. IV, 4 
s. v. boa Pi.— Pes. 4 b '31 Xabsa '33 a mere relinquish- 
would be sufficient. ; a. v. fr. 

S^b-ita*!^, '££[ ch game _ Targ _ j> roVo XV] 22.— Ab. 
Zar. 53 b . 

■jinta'a, v. iih ? a. , . 

"WlL, v. ^D3. 

NPTfll -3, v. KrVWQ. 

^iDTS \*1 f. Cjd3) pregnancy, growth of the embryo. 
Lam. T B. to I, 1 van ('hxa tn6) Wfifl Ol iff-n )^$. 
(strike out one of the two terms). 

Itfttj"^, fcttttoil m. (1DB3) stamping, fulling. B. 
Earn. 99 a ('SB) '31 B B for every stamping manipulation 
one M'ah.— PL *2 Ib. (Var. iffl1.B3b), v. lSOS. 

^5=hB, v. ^3. 

&0*£l (via), v. KB. 

fcP"£HI, }"H"3 f. (p£a) 1) force, act of violence,, ex- 
tortion, wrong. Gen. E. s. 93 (play on bi, Gen. XLIV, 18) 
imbS IBSa fttMS. B thou passest violence over us (thou 
treatest us unjustly). Ex. B. s. 20 '31 B . . . xallJ do I 
ever wrong any creature ? Deut. B. s. 2 (play on hi<33 
Ez. Vin, 5) '31 XaisSi) X31 B Xh Oh, this great wrong 
in this world, v. infra. *Y. Ned.III,38 a h^B ihb1113 . . . p 
that is the way one says to his neighbor (read "■fWia 
-^api^sc^at (3i'q0 to do a' favor perforce (ref. to an in- 
vitation accompanied with a vow in case of refusal). — 
2) interj. (=h. 11) woe! help! Yoma 69 b '31 B B woe, 
woe, it is this (the tempter) that destroyed the Temple &c. 
Yeb. 97 b '31 hsa B B woe, woe over the brother who 
is &c. Lev. E. s. 17, end (play on h»33, v. supra) B B 
'31 fcGhlh woe, woe, that the stranger dislodges the owner 
(idolatry in the Temple). 


a:pn, v. K^a. 

"prP'Q, read pna, v. Tpa. 

2#P3, v.n^a. 

5"P3. l) road, v. N*a; 2) wow?, v. x^a. 

fcO" 1 ^ m. (-pa ; cmp. naaa, Mjaat?) «e£, head-dress. 
B. Bath. 146 a 'small presents'* ittiaabl 's*3na Ml fiMln 
Ar. s. v. sail (ed. Sta^a, Ms. M. 'ava, Ms. H. SOTO, cmp. 
comment, 'a pa; v. Koh. Ar. Compl. s. v.) said R., This 
means e. g. a net or a cap. 

b*% v. *a. 

"pb^D, Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 14, v. V*3. 

^i, v. to ch. 

-p'S, T'S, "l^a, y.^aih. a .ch. 

"1*^3 m. (denom. of "TO or 113, cmp. 113 Pi. 2) 
s««pewMfe»dIe»i o/ 1 £Ae well in rural communities. Shebi. 
VIII, 5 '31 '3b !*b 'piTO ^X (out of the money realized 
from the fruits of the Sabbath year) you must not pay the 
"well-master &c. ; filFittj'b ob Kin )ff\1 b3X but you may pay 
the well-master a fee for giving you water to drink. 
Tosef. B. Mets. IX, 14 '31 ^bani 'an (Y. ib. beg. 12 a ed. 
Krot. 'DJ7, corr. ace.) the well-master, the bather &c. when 
collecting their fees from the owner (individually), may 
attach only the owner's share in the produces. Ib. VIII, 1 1 <l 
top 'an ya nbxuj; [Bab. ib. 97 b rmarra Hia bjWTab, 
read KITOa ch.]. • 

"l* 1 ^, "T^m.{'Va)untilkd,waste ground. Targ.Deut. 
XXI, 4 (virgin"land, h. text '\rp*).— Targ. Is. XXVIII, 25. 
Targ. Jer. XII, 13 1i3(!).— Lev. R. s. 1, beg., v. 113 ch. 

^tfPp_, v. i?*a. 

JT'ET'O, T. Bets. I, 60° bot., read Kijttjia. 

I©* 1 ^ m. 1) (1B13) bashful, chaste; chaste person, 
bashful man. Ned. 20 a 'a XlffilJ 01X3 fi&i lai& it is a 
favorable indication in a man that he is bashful. Ab. 
II, 5. 'an he who is ashamed (to ask questions at school) ; 
a. e— PI. biS^a, piUTO. Yeb. 79 a . Y. Snh. VI, 23 d 
■pftywnO); Num. B. g.8; Midr. Sam. ch. XXVIII; Midr. 
Till, to Ps. I.— 2) v. 1^3. 

nw^a, ^tip% v. 1?^. 

QtP% v. oirro. 

Diri' 1 " 1 ^ f. pi. (denom. of rTO) animals lodged (at 
certain seasons) i» sheds within town-limits. Bets. V, 7 
(40 a , Ms. M. nirifcTO); Sabb. 45 b ; a. e. 

" I 5^D" I 3 m. (v. &TO13) name of a spider. Tosef. Par. IX 
(Vni), 6 e'd. Zuck, (Var. iJOia corrupt, R. S. to Toh. 

ix, 2 i&ois). . ■ 

JTVGPSl, v. mm. 

Hif. biain fo mias, v. next w. 

j" 1 ^, 513 ch. (cmp. b. h. bba) to mix, knead; trnsf. 
(cmp. 01.1, ttill) fe> sfatt^ thoroughly. Men. 65 a (play on 
•jlBta, Neh. VII, 7 ; cmp. UJba) ttiilll .... bTO Hin he studied 
languages and explained them. 

*Pa. b^a same; trnsf. to discuss. Y. Ab. Zar. HI, 43 a 
talis biaix ism l^a (readbii3S) he who reads in the Mish. 
(111,5; v. TO Hif.) obil, means, Let us discuss the subject. 

Tl&tL, H|ba (b. h.) pr. n. m. Bilgah, chief of a 
priests' division; whence, fern. (sub. FlflSIDa) name of a 
priests' division, v. lam Succ. V, 8 '31 bbisb O the 
Bilgah division at all times distributes its shares of the 
show-bread in the Southern part of the Temple courts. 
Ib. 56 b ; Tosef. ib. IV, 28 Kabi3 ed. Zuck. 

I'Hb'O, Targ. Y. II Num. XII, 7, v. ibab. 

JITS f. (=nV>ta, fr. bba, cmp. mi? Lam. I, 8; nbi? 
a. nbibS) thorough mixture, even distribution of mixed 
objects. Zeb. 80 a 'a UJi a mixture is considered evenly 
distributed in all its parts. R. Hash. 13 b 'a pst tab none 
of the mixtures named is a real mixture (of even distri- 
bution), except wine and oil (being liquid). Hull. 83 b , 
a. fr. '31 'ab ilKin ta wherever from the proportions 
and properties of the mixture a perfect fusion is possible, 
the real act of mixing thoroughly is not indispensable. 

rfnb"Q, Targ. Job XXXVIII, 37, v. nilVo. 

TiTa, Bekh. VII, 1, v. u |lbi3. 

ambis, v. asiita. 

*Olb' 1 3 or &lb"D, Y. Sabb. VII, 10 b bot. 'a hHUa 
(Var. '3), read fflb tsiffla anfl. [Bead the passage as follows : 
ab aiiaa ann yifau inu man iii» TOipiis pssi inn 
— all of which belongs to line 26 fr. bottom ] 

. "'Qb'Q, Pesik.B. s. 21, read lata, v. bta. [Bead: l*n 

iatai iniaia -pam ns* -|nnan"5b.nnia behold, i created 

for thee thy company; thou and thy neighbor (were 
made) in my image &c] 

P n n, Bekh. 43 b Ar., v. fbi;?; Kel. XX, 6 Ar., v. )&•*]; 
Targ. Y. Gen. XXV, 25 Ms., Lev. a. oth., v. 1^3. 

^n, v. isba. 

'Q&b'O, v. aaiata. 

*p%% (pta Ar.) pr. n. m. Billak, in conjunction with 
p!siri, pfen, fictitious names for any men (similar to our 
'Tom, Dick & Harry'). Hull. 19 a '31 Tl ab SSX I know 
no Hillak and no Billak (I know of no authorities or in- 
dividual opinions), I only know a tradition. Snh. 98 b 
Tb itait '31 Tl (margin in Ms. M. pta ptal) shall H. a. B. 
(any persons indiscriminately) enjoy it? 

fflltfpb*Q, Sifre Deut. 36, read HlXpbitja, v. ipbi&a. 

■ ■pb'o, y. n *a, 

^jQ^S, Ab. Zar. 16 b ,=next w. 

nQ^il f. (cmp. tiaa) elevated stand for public meet- 
ings (for speakers, readers, holding court &c). Sot. VII, 8. 
Succ. 51 b . Ab. Zar. I, 7 (ib. 16 b !Wa). Gen. E. s. 76 as 
if seated pi O bs upon the platform and holding court. 
Lev. E. s. 13 O nssa lWtt irVSISi and gives itself the 
appearance as if holding court (givingthe form of legality 
to robberies). Gen. E. s. 37 Sttn \>XD "3. the court of in- 
justice (Borne).- Koh. E. to I, 8 (Ab. Zar. 16 b dlTlS; 
Tosef. Hull. H, 24 tiaa); a. fr.— PI. (of sati) wiwaia. 
Pesik. B'shall. p. 84 a (Ms. 0. hlsto ; Tanh. ed. Bub. B'shall. 5 

biVisa) (wooden) platforms.— niaia. Meg.32 a 'am rntnbti 
(Ms.M.maani;,73 d bot. ■ptmii naia) the tablets 
(in Synagogues, prob. used for announcements) and the 
raised seats (for readers or distinguished persons to speak 
from). [Ar. s. v. fflaa, ref. to Meg. 1. c, explains, tiltllb 
the board-covers of books, filaa wooden stands (lias) for 
exhibiting the Torah scrolls during the services; another 
opinion quot. in Ar.: ffttfb the blank margins between 
the columns of the scroll, filaa the upper and lower as 
well as the front and back margins; cmp. CD")!* a. fijab.] 
[A derivation of our w. fr. ^(Aa is excluded, because 
the sing,, in that case, would be xaia or XBaia a. the 
pi. ^oaia or niKB»is.] 

DID" 1 !^, 0EP3 m. (an adaptation of $(o\xoc„ treated 
in inflection as a cacophemism=dl!*i» ia, v. Tosef. Ab. 
Zar. V, 6, quot. bel., cmp. »i1B»iS; Syr. N&aia, Oh. Stoa|, 
StoaTa, SK&iaa) pedestal of idolatrous statuary. Ab. Zar. 
Ill, 7 a stone originally hewn '2b for an idol's pedestal. 
Tosef. ib. V (VI), 8 dJS3!B 'a. a broken bomos, (contrad. 
to toro); Bab. ib. 53 b bot. '31 pX 'a a bomos is made of 
one stone, an altar of several. Tosef. ib. VI, 10 ; a. fr.— 
[Y. B. Mets. X, end, 12 e 'a ias ^5 tte>h, read &iai*.]— 
PI. niawaia, rvixi&iaia, nTOiaia, t>aia. Ab. Zar. IV, 6 
(53 b ) tft&n bffl 'Z(v. Eabb. i>. S. a. L, Mish. K. nvoaia) 
pedestals temporarily put up for the reception of princes 
(governors). Ib. 54 a laffitl WSIBa WlKi&atl Ms. M. (v. 
Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) idolatrous pedestals (or altars) 
erected during (the Hadrianic) persecution, laifflrrlB S"»X 
"too Hh Otl Itiim baa although the persecution has been 
repealed, they (the Eomans) have not cancelled these 
altars; v. itsa Pi.— Gen. E. s. 53, a. e. (some ed. hidaia) 
altars. Tosef. Ab. Zar. V (VI), 6 nixii&la ia ed. Zuck. 
(Var. nTOaia). [Ab. Zar. I, 7 (i6 a ) niWi&iaia, rvp&aia, . 
read with Ms. M. a. Ar. nw&ia"^.] 

" , D" I S pr. n. m. Bimi=^^. Y. Ber. IX, 14 a top 
'a "il x*7S read: "a ia K18; Y.Taan. I, 64 b top 'niaix ia 
('aia^); v. Frank. M'bo p. 62 a . 

pD"Q, Talk. Ps. 670, v. T"!*a. 

oa% nto*, m'aws, m'W3, v. 

NtO 1 ^ ch.=h. biaia. Ab. Zar. 53 b . 

"j"Q, I'lSl (b. h. ; j/Via, v. K13) to pierce, split, pen- 
etrate; whence, to discern, understand; v. Hif. 

*Polel 1$ia (cmp. "pa) to cause to penetrate, to saturate. 
Sifra Vayikra,N'dab.,Par.l2,ch.XrV(ref. to Lev.II,13)bl3i 
ItiSiaJl from bammelah I might judge, 'thou must thor- 
oughly saturate it, trban Vti therefore it says, 'timlah' 
(thou shalt strew). Men. 21 a (quoting Sifra 1. c.) "Wa 
lrwiati what does the word t'bonnehu mean? Said E. b. 
TJ. pna ISSian-; Vfii p"ti (taking n as radical, as if im- 
perat. of a verb pn, denom. of 'jasi) it means, I might 
suppose, he must mix it up like straw in clay (v. infra). 
Said A. to him frt TWa 133lani ST'K if so, then it ought 
to read (in the Sifra) yithbonennu (third person). But 
said A. (taking it fr. tea) ^333 132)2)1 Voi I might suppose, 
he shall heap the salt upon it like a building (a pile). 
Said E. to him, frt iSaTa 15331 )-|"X then it ought to 
read yibnennu. But said E. (you must correct the Sifra 
so as to read) WOtl Vl3i (corr. ItliraB) thou shalt make 

it savory ftraa WO 13 )fp he shall put a taste 

into it as does understanding into a man, v. dSH. [Yalk. 

Lev.454:.i&ati .... Dial ptd isbani Viai lreani ixa 

wnan Visi . . . V'a ituai tn* . . . -psaa i3u»i Voi ...... V'a 

.tisiaa dsb la irv Vdi .. .— Ar.ed.Koh.: itiisan Voi 

. . . aiaa pna (tiiaa nain) ubam iiai .... ls-man ixa 
ds»a la irii biai, correct: 'ai im itisian biai.] 

jro/. *1) faitl (cmp. Iiaitl, s. v. Iia) (denomin. of 'pa) 
■ to mediate, to be interpreter. Ab. Zar. Ill, 5 (45 a ) i3K 
■jiSSV Tail* (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8) let me be thy 
interpreter (let me explain what you mean) '31 dlpa ba , 
(the words 'SI dilrtti is, Deut. XII, 2, are explanatory) 
wherever thou findest a high mountain &c, know there 
must be an idol. [In the version '21 "pais riitiK iJX, 
liaix is used as a part, of a verb fax, denomin. of "pa, to 
act as a mediator or interpreter.] . 2) "pat) (b. h.) fo 
perceive, make intelligible, es$. to find analogies (between 
two cases). iai "["ma "la 1 ! 'tl prop, to bring out one thing 
from between another, i. e. to form a conclusion by 
analogy. Sabb. 31 a '31 tiftsatl hast thou cultivated thy 
mind to conclude &c. (ref. to nsi Is.XXXIII,6). Snh.93 b ; 
a. fr. Hag.n,l(ll b ) IfiSla ^aa &3ti (notpaai, v. Eabb. 
T>. S. a. 1. note) a student able to speculate by himself, 
a thinker.— Ib. 13 a hot. bafflna -paa trim speculated over 
the hashmal (Ezek. I, 27); a. fr. 

Eithpo. a. Nithpo. IJiairti, "|3l'ati3 to understand one's 
self, to be careful, to reflect. B. T Kam.27 b di3"na plating 
to look around on roads (to be prepared for something 
in their way against which they might strike). Gen. E. 
s. 34 plans 'iro pil the word p-r\ (he built, Gen. VIII, 20) 
may be read vayaben, i. e. he reflected, argued. 

■p3, 1*13 ch. same; v. infra.— Pa. "pja, IJS'fo teach, 
make' wise. Targ. Ps. OXIX, 27. Targ. Job XXXH, 8. 
Ib. v. 9 S3n 1-13iai explain the law (ed. Vienn. f0"<y], Pe., 

Ithpe. "patsa to reflect upon, to understand. Targ. Job, 
XXXII, 12.' Ib. XXVIII, 23; a. fr. 

Ithpol. isiainx to be considerate, cautious. Lam. B. to 
I, 16, beg., v. 'tta: 

T3 m., only in constr. "pa, "Mia (b. h. ; preoed., cmp. 
"pia, ^83) something split, or placed between; prep. 
between, among.— b . . . p3 px there is no difference betw. 
. . . and . . . Meg. I, 5; a. fr.— rffiBaffln "pa (abbr. B"ri3) 
at twilight, dusk; v. ^a. Ab. V, 6; a. fr.— . . . 'a . . . '3 

both well as B. Kam. IV, 3; a. fr.— Yeb. 23 a 

'31 lb d^laii* '3 whether the law says to thy father . . ., 
or &c. Koh. E. to VII, 11 '31 SfA "m "pa owing to the 
difference between vay (woe) and vdh (ah), B. J. escaped. 
■ — SOia'b iS^aa: d"<*i31 private affairs concerning him (the 
husband) and her (the wife). Ned.79 b ;— Dm. b^STa, 
d^aa, fiiifrspa, d^raa (for dinisia) between two, among, 
amid. Gen. B. s. 4 d^wai a^a in the very centre. 
Y. Ber. II, 5 b top. Y. Maasr. I, beg. 48 e TOaa Via take 
from what is between the two, i. e. qualifications com- 
mon to both ; a. fr.— Constr. -1313. Nidd. 67 b )m^ ripb&a 
intervening between; a. fr. 

1 n 2 ch., usu. pi. ijia ch. same. Targ. Gen. I, 6; a. fr. 
—Hull. 114 s ; Sabb. 132 b X^3iaa tfinx from between the 
two (from both cases combined) it may be concluded.— 
l!Tp3i3 i|*a (abbr. 3"a) wherein do they differ? X31JS 
lfi^a (ahbr. a"») they differ as to . . . B. Mets. 15 15 ; 
a. v. fr.- — "^ai iJia a) in the-meantime. Yeb. 71 b ; a. fr.— 
b) tf/*e difference between (these and other goods). Bets. 7 a ; 
a. fr.— Hull. 47 a '31 '3 Nlfifi a case (of an abnormal lobe) 
between the normal lungs. [Targ. Am. IX, 9 Waa, Var. 
Waa, read i"i' , 3 h aa from between its. meshes.] 

W^I, JSirO^Zlf. ch.=h. ftpa. Targ.Ps.XLlX, 4. 
Targ. T Job XII, 12; 13; v. &OT3. 

X^lilll m. (v. P. Sm. 519) tamarisk, (comment.: 
willow). *Gitt. 68 b '31 KJiailttJ (perh. a tautography of 

i$y% III m. (pa, cmp. pa) a thin thing, hair; -a 
Xia1 T (cmp. xaiJ) leech. PL 1313. Gitt. 69 b . [Sabb. 67 a , 
v. Nhrai a. II.] Cmp. arppa. 

nj'3 f. (b. h.; "pa) intelligence, wisdom. Nidd. 45 b 
(play on "pil, v. pa Hithpa.) the Lord has given to woman 
fntii '3 greater (earlier maturity of) judgment. Ber. 10 a 
'3 dlpa3 at the place of understanding (near the heart) ; 
a. fr. 

"O'l".!! m. (p3) central, mean (between extremes), 
average. Y. Sabh. I, 2 d bot. '31 rb ab neither wet, nor 
dry, but between the two (moist). 'S d*lX a man of 
average strength. Y. Ber. I, 2 C bot.; a. fr.— Sot 42 b '3 
lififcOtt) the middle betw. his brothers (the third of five). 
— PI. bij'tria, d^313ia. Lev. B. s. 30 fiSinatt i3i3ia people 
of the middle class, opp. ibVtt; Koh. B. to IX, 7 bi313i3ri; 
Tank. Emor 22 Wia (corr. ace.). B. Hash. 16 b 'a those 
between the very good and the very bad; a. fr. — Fern. 
rrtiSia. Gitt. V, 1, a. fr. (sub. STUD) a field of average 
fertility; betw. niYW a, rYnian.— Y. Taan. I, 64 a bot. 
Oft the intermediate rainy season.- — Y. Ber. V, 9 C bot. 

there are three things of which too much or too little 
is obnoxious FTS"' IFpsisiai but a reasonable quantity 
good. Kel.XVII, 7;— PA rWJl'Sia. lb. 10 O IVl were 
mean cubits; Y. Shek. VI, 49 d top rWSab S*1S1; Y. Sot. 
VHI, 22 c bot. niil3i33 (corr. ace). 

^rj^" 1 ^ f.=K3p3I. Targ.IIEsth.1,2, beg. taA M3tl. 

Np n 3 pr. n. m. Binza. Bets. 28 b (Ms. M. X3btl; v. 
Babb.'D. S. a. 1. note). 

^;n, v. pa ch. 

^y% pi. of xpaili, a. of «nsia. 

\^y% )":T^.> ^.T^. m - P 1 - CP 3 ) intervals, empty 
spaces between the rows of vine. Y. Kil. IV, 29 c top (B. 

s. to Kil. IV, 5 twa). ib.beg.29 a , v. pa*ia. Cmp. armra. 

]^T 3, ^% v. "033. 

Stfrf^S f. (cmp. Npalll; P. Sm. 520) binitha; 1) a 
small fish '(collect.). B. Kam. 19 b '3 bosn tnan an ass 
that swallowed fish (something unusual). B. Mets. 79 b 
bot. i6pn fWlbfct '3 according to the size of its belly 
is the weight of fish (if you buy by weight, have the 
belly first removed; diff. in Ar.). lb. 59 b bot. (prov.) if 
one has a hanged one in his family, say not in his 
presence '^3 tppt hang the fish up; Yalk. Ex. 349 Stroma 
(corr. ace); ib. Lev. 617 Sttroa. Gitt. 69* (maso.l) '31 '3 W 
let him take fish and roast it in the smithy.— Bets. 28 a 311) 
xrraa (Var. NrpjS'ra pi., SrWO, v. Babb.D. S. a. 1. note 9). 
—2) name of a worm. Mace. 16 b K313 til '3 (Ms. M. 
KrYfla) a worm found between cabbage. [Sabb. 139 b '3 
some ed., v. SttV«:ns.]— 3) hair; v. Xhpail. 

&CP"Q transp.of X33ia=X33 "Q, v. S33 a. SrlSS. Cmp. 
Syr. X3 T 313=Xb313 P. Sm.' 465; 471. 

*" I D3" I 2, Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c bot., read JW3pa(?). 

TQ% rO^S, v. ^a, pa. 

J^rO^ understanding, v. SMTal. 

&Srp"Q I f. collect, noun, or sthpa pi. (v. rlpa) the 
inside part, whence the kernel of seeds. B. Bath. 18 b bot. 
'33 is* as to the grains (of mustard). Gitt. 69 b IrVTPJ 
'aa let him guard against swallowing the seeds. Sabb. 67 a 
S01a3 131a Ms. M. (ed. iJia) cumin seeds. 

Stfirt]^II(xnWaAr.s.v. p32) f. (v. Spain) thread, 
a single hair, (collect.) hair. Targ. Jud. XX, 16 nra 
!**1»1B.— Sabb. 140 a ^fflSIl '3a from the hah- of my head. 
Naz. 39 a '31 S3piS the root of the hair, Ol 'ffiHI the top 
of &c— Yoma 69^ '31 '3 D^afim (Ms. M. rttVM) a hair 
of his beard fell out. Ber. 8 a '31 '3 bnfflaa (ed. xmn) as 
easy as taking a hair out of the milk. — PI. 1313. Sabb. 67 a 
seven cumin seeds (v. preced.) and XSpila '3 1 seven 
hairs from the beard— Srlpa. Targ. Job IX, 17 'a iBlfi 
(h. text STlSiB 1). 


StfD"Q c. (MK&1S ia) 6asw for kneading the meat- 
offering. ' Men. !*■} 24 al >. lb. 57 b ima ffiVrai '5 a basin in 
which, to knead. 

!tf&"Q pr. n. m. Y. Gitt. IT, 46 a top, read St&iS. 

1 & 1 1 thorns (Ar.), v. Kb^a. 

*" 1 &' 1 3 f. (Sin, v. , W?a) fo-ay for wine cups. Lam. 
B. to III,' 17 'SI '31 '3 to '•)» Ar. (ed. b^BB) from each 
tray (which was handed around) one cup. 

DO'S Pi. of bb3. [Freq. ineorr. for b&">3, v. bbla.] 

fqtfa, v. i«tti. 

kOt^S pr. n. m. Bisna. Keth. 100 a ; a. e. V. !S»">3. 

5<j5"l?l&' 1 2, '03 c. C=«t5^PtoN; 15, Ithpe. noun of 
plb) receptacle of hackled or hatcheled wool, whence 
mattress, cushion. B. Kam. 117 a O in Ms. B. (ed. Sin 
fern.).— PZ. T7?TS> 'b3. Targ. Y. Dent. XXXIV, 6 "SS 
FlVva (not '33) with fine woolen mattresses. — B. Kam. I.e. 
Bekh. 8 b . Taan. 21 b bot. 1 inb "pKa Ar. (ed. -|a) laid 
down before them mattresses (to sleep on). Teb. 63 a . 
Snh. 95 a . B. Bath. 58 a (=60111*1 iXrfiSn in an enigma). 

$% m. rejoicing; v. Nnsi3 II. Targ. Is. XVI, 10; 
a. e. (Var. S?S ineorr.). 


a?^i, rtfa, *wzi, ans>2 f . ch . ( =h. ***-, 

313) e^-. Targ. Job VI, 6; a. fr. — Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a top 
(Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d bot. pilb, corr. ace.) JWV&nal '3 1153 
as e. g. one swearing of an egg that it was a pearl (as 
an instance of 1p<B nsiaffi). Yoma 69 b tfaf tl3 '3 a fresh 
egg of the same day; a. fr.— PL ps^a, SW3, isi|, 'S3. 
Targ. 0. Deut. XXII, 6 (Y. piTO); a. fr.— Keth. 61 a top. 
Bets. 6 b sq. imsi '3 the eggs of a cackling hen, opp. 
those found in the killed hen. lb. N13111 '3 eggs from 
a hen impregnated by a cock, opp. Kjnsrta jo&bl '3 by 
friction on the ground. Hull. 93 a Knbiffln '3, v. sVnlJfl. 
Sabb. 109 a '3 1S1&S1& beaten eggs.— Lev. B. s. 16 ; a/fr.— 
!*nsia b33 pi to buy (the hen) with all the eggs, i. e. to 
do a thing thoroughly. Lev.B.s. 11 ; Ruth B. (introd.) to 
I, 2; Esth. B. beg. !*ni3 (corr. ace); v. MSia. 

IQl^S m. (»S>3) stamping, kick. B.Kam.l9 a . [Targ. 

is. LXinj 3, v. aisa.] 

"W3. m. (15>3) removal. Maas. Sh. V, 3; Shebi. 
VII, 1, (removal of the fruits of the third and sixth 
years of the Sa - bbath period).— fan '3, v. ISa Pi.— PI. 
piwa. Y. Hall. IV, 60 a bot. '3b as to laws of removal 
of fruits. 

iCfi^S ch. 1) same. Pes. 6 b .— 2) clearing, taking 
off the last 'olives. Targ. Is. XVH,6; XXIV, 13 (h. S)pb). 

NiTO 1 ^ m. (v. SttttWa) fright. Targ. Job VI, 4; 
a, e.—Pl. )W1 Targ'. Is. XXI, 4; a. e. 

Nrt?3, NflFE egg, v. J^3. 

fcttlSpIJ} rejoicing, v. &ttWan. Targ. Ps. XXXII, 7. 

SSfVinSpit f. (ra3;=b. h. nnsa) /W#«, v. ara^a. 

Pes. 3 ab b'^ail '3 fear of falling down from the camel's 
back; tfiMn '3 fear of the night. Sabb. 41 a StlhSI '3 
fear of being drowned. Gitt. 68 b n^STD O h^ nin he 
was afraid of him. Sot. 20 1 * fear (Kins) detains the blood 
(menstruation), '31 'a sudden fright loosens (produces 
menstruation). Nidd. 71 a . 

*"pS, pi. b^a Mus., v. yytn. Y. Kidd. 1, 58 d . 

aspa, pi. m , v. ma. 

n2sp3 swamp, v. nsa. 

l"l2p3 f. (b. h,; 'pa, pasa) l) [the bubbling,] egg. 
Bets. I, l"; a. fr.— Sabb. VIII, 5 (80 b ) tiip '3 a light (easily 
boiling) egg.— 2) an egg-shaped object, ball, lump. lb. 
Iijn STOpa Ar. (ed. Y<bh) cement (lime) in a lump; Tosef. 
ib. VIII (IX), 20 nsfattJ Ian, Var. n2t33 tons), when it 
is as compact as a. ball, opp. b13tt. — Par. V, 6; Lev. 
B. s. 23, end b^12T>n n2">3 the potter's lump' of clay. 
— 3).trnsf. germ, root, esp. '3 SpSp to stamp out, to ex- 
terminate (the last germ). Y. Ab. Zar. IV, 44 a top. Lev. 
B. s. 26. Ib. s. 11; Buth E. (introd.) to I, 2; Esth. B. 
beg.; v. SBpa pi.— 4) Betsah, name of aTalmudic treatise, 
beginningwiljh that word (in Tosefta 31b faf).— PZ.bTSia, 
d">23, constr. 1213. Sabb. VIII, 5; a. fr.— Ab.Zar.3 11 ; a. e. 
bTO is'tt, v. n|i3.— Y. Snh. XI, 30 b bot., [read as] Cant. 
B. to II, 5 )HO bn b">23 ifilfflrte scrambled eggs are here, 
i. e. confusion of persons. Y.Shebi.V,35 d bot. bijra rtlBS 
a. nai3 niUS if the leek has formed bulbs. Ib. VII, 37 b 

bot. abn p 1213, v. psain. 

5 ! I22* I 1S1 m. (SSa) adjustment, compromise (usually 
niBQ). s'nh.6 a . Y.ib.i, i8 b ; a. e.— [PZ. p^a^a, v. rwsa.] 

^^^S, 5<Pi? n Zl m. (saa)2>«'ece, morsel, crumb.— PI. 
pSJilSia, ^SlS^a, ISSia. Targ. O.Lev.II, 6; a. e— Sabb. 140 b 
'3 5>23ib Xb he must not eat it by morsels (but enough 
at a time). Succ. 26 a W3 fbn IK VfT\ Ms. M. (ed. W3, 
v. Bashi a. 1.) two or three morsels. 

"1^13 (-,23 Pi.) besieging, trnsf. (by play on 1S3 
Ps. XVIII, 7) beseeching, entreaty. Deut. B. s. 2, beg. 
(in Yalk.Sam.157 our w. omitted; Talk. Deut. 811 123). 

fctPrarS, v. tnroi a. xriT2a. 
^n!S^^ pi. of mvt% 

RTH^'Zl f. of 1^23, the lowest. Targ.Y.Ex.XI,5. 

n 1 ^" 1 ^, D^IS f. (v. .123) dyke-boat, lighting boat, 
Babylonian name for Palestinean IVWi. B. Bath. 73 a ; 
Tosef. ib. IV, 1 '13; T. ib. V, beg. 15 a "13 (v. Babb. D. 
S. to B. Bath. 1. c, note 5). 

Stfrra'S, fctrfffia ch. same. PI. snsrepa, xn^a, 

'iia. b"! Bath. 73 aX ed." "13 (Ms. M. '13, Ar. xnii213); T S T abb. 
101 a "jlUial /h 3 the canal boats of Meshan. 


fcCS" 1 ^, pi. iSSia morsels, v. KSWa. 

a^T2,v. aniiaa. 

l^p'S m. (ppa) incisions in muddy ground. Sabb. 
147 a bot. Ar. s. v. bb& (Ms. 0. Spin, ed. spa), v. SalV*. 

Vjlp^li, ?1p3 m. (Spa) 1) splitting, chopping. Kel. 
XIII, 3 O t^a that part of the spade (or shovel) which 
is used for chopping. lb. XXIX, 7; Y. Meg. I, 71 b top 
'3 ^>\B blllp an axe for chopping, opp. 8)1513 bt) (a hoe) 
for weeding ; Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38" iSpn h® bllllp (corr. 
ace'.).— 2) (v. Spa) trimming the (olive) iree. Sifra B'har, 

"l^lp'S m. (Ipa) 1) eaMTOWfltfiore, investigation. Pes. 
96 a ; Arakh. 13 b ; Men. 49*> '3 'jlSB requires examination 
(as to physical defects). Hull. II, 3 (32 a ) "3 113 as much 
time as the examination (of the slaughtering knife) re- 
quires; ib. 9 a ; [ib. 32 a bah iffl llp^a, read ban llptj or 
i>B i-ftpna]. Kerith. ll a (ref. to nip3 Lev. XIX, 20) -aa 
if^nn she must first be examined (whether she can endure 
the punishment required by law).— 2) visiting (the sick), 
visit. Ned. 39* 'SI "pX tPVlM '3 the duty of visiting the 
sick knows no limits (of time or rank). B. Mets. SO 11 ; 
a. fr. 

Sn'nlp ) ' 1 3, pS f.(b.h.nip3, v.prececl.) 1) examination, 
assessment. '3 ni5X a public announcement inviting buyers 
to examine the property assessed, i. e. an announcement 
of public safe=nnas*. Keth.XI, 5 (99 b ); a. fr.— T. niax. 
—2) (b. h. punishment). Kerith. ll a (ref. to Lev. XIX, 20) 
npl^> SWraJ 1a^>a n^nn '3 there shall be bikkoreth, this 
teaches that she shall be lashed. '31 SOttJ^ '3 fini pi^al 
how do we know that this bikkoreth has the sense of 
chastisement? Answ.nx^lpS Kilt"! ...Kashi(ed.' 1 X1p3)she 
shall have the Bible verses read to her (as customary 
when chastising in court, v. Mace. Ill, 14); oth. homilet. 
interpret. xnn 11pi3a,v. preced. [Tosef. M. Kat. II. 11 
nilpts ed. Zuck., v. nilpa.] 

^P" 1 ^! f. (vicia, ptaiov) vetch. Y. Maasr. V, end, 52 a . 
Tosef. lb.'lll, end X^pa. Y. Hall. IV, 60 b fT^pa. 

" l 3?p"Q, Y. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c , v. Slpi3. 

^"Ip^n, Ab.Zar. 28*, v. Xpiail. 

anp^n, v. ^pa. 

"P3. m. (=13) sow. Targ. Y. Ex. I, 15; a. e— Ber.5 b ; 
B. Bath. 116 a this is the bone (tooth) '3 nxiiffisH of the 
tenth son (that died).— PI. constr. ilia. Targ. Y. Num. 
XXXIH, 31 sq. XhpS '3 (h. text. p5>i 153 !). 

Til, JST3 l)=h.1X3. Targ. Gen. XVI, 14; a. e. 
Ber. 56 a . / ab Sffil i1i» W 13 "TtptJS iS3i» Ms. M., thy 
goods will be sought for like something fallen into a well 
(i. e. thy business will thrive ; diff.vers. in ed. a. Mss., v.Rabb. 

D. S. a. 1. note). Sabb. 66 b "A XniB b&3 Dyer's Madder, 
as a remedy, has fallen into the pit (is not practiced). B. 
Kam. 92 b (prov.) '31 1-WM1TI '3 cast no stone into a well 
out of which thou once didst drink (never despise what 
once benefitted you).— Hull. 106 a Sltta Ha a little gutter 
fed bya well.— Pl.'jTZ, V%- Targ. Gen. XXVI, 15 ; a.e.— 
2) (=h. 113) pit, hole. B. Mets. 85 a '31 trta -3 ... the 
cavity (created by the taking out of a radish) stood full 
of water; [Ms.M. iOal '3 13 like a well; v. Babb. D. S. 
a. 1. note].— PI. as above. Targ. Gen. XIV, 10 (h. text 
niixa); Gen. B. s. 42.— Snh. 7 a (prov.) '31 "3 31B seven 
pits are open for the righteous man (and he escapes), 
and one for the evil-doer (into which he falls). Sabb. HO 1 - 1 . 
—3) Srtlia pr. n. pi. Bera (prob. ident. with ">X.T$ 2 > a ), 
native "place of B. Simlai. Y. Taan. II, 65 d bot. 'IB "1 
'Sil; Y. Meg. I, 72 c bot. '31; Koh. B. to III, 14 X1H1131 

ftt$TiL, rnTSl m. (v. nextw.) of Berai, surname 
of TJlll. T M. Kat. T 26 a ; a. fr.— Y. Meg. II, 73 b ; Y. M. Kat. 
Ill, 83 b bot. KilTa. 

IfcTpS, " n T?.> ''T? f - ( denom - of ^ 3 > ^) J ) *"afer- 
ing station, esp. in Palestine for Temple pilgrims.— PL 
rviltfyra, ni^a, Wlia. Brub. II, 1 ; a. fr. Y. ib. 20 b top 
W-nb &6l 'iili^ (read ttrrd? fitbl MniiaV) for water- 
ing stations but not for cisterns; v. Bab. ib. 18 a .— 2) pr. 
n. pi. Berai or Beri ; a) in Galilee. Yeb. 83 b . B. Mets. 
84 b 1113 TO the inhabitants of B. (Ms. M. "jTno 13 TO). 
Y.Pes. IV, 30 d top. Y. Shebi.VI, 36 c top anal una (a 
border-town); (v., however, Hildesh. Beitr. z. Geogr. 
p. 21).— b) B. or Be-B. in Babylon, native place of Ulla, 
B. Dostai, a. oth. Ab. Zar. 40 a . Erub. 56 a trt JttT*Vra 
'31 '3 the ascents between Berai a. Narash. Sot. 10 a ">3 
11X3. Erub. 45 a 'ilia. [Hull. 127 a ffllil 11313, read 13 
ttTfll 1113.] 

■pbrro , 

d 1^3113. 

(ITS f. (b. h.; Iia, as tb*% fr. to; cmp. twa) 
cut off, surrounded, whence 1) castle, fort. Gen. B. s. 39; 
a. fr.— 2) a group of buildings forming one residence. 
B. Bath. 61 b nVm '33 mi a house in a large residence 
(court). Bets. 25 a '331 ■prV&Ba; (ib. 24 a rYrraataS); v. 
Vf<ea 1, 2.— 3) (=H1inan rVa, I Ohr. XXIX, 1 ; 1 9) the chosen 
Divine residence, Temple. Zeb. 119 a 'a i»3 xm does it 
not require a chosen residence (Deut. XH, 18)? Y. Pes. 
II, 35 a top '31 1M to the whole Temple mount is named 
Birah; Pesik. B. s. 14. Zeb. XII, 5 (104 b ) '3n ^33; v. 
Gem. a. 1.— Yoma 9 b 'Sri baiTO your witness is the Second 
Temple (which has not been rebuilt; Y. ib. I, 38 c bot. 
niTOn). Ed. VII, 3 iri&n nrz (Ms. M. '^i&n) Fort 
Haflaya(?).— Pl.fni^. Bets. 24 a , v. supra. Zeb. 11 9 a 115^25 
'31 '3 there are three Divine residences, Shiloh &c. Ch. 
Xrilia.— Denom. yfto. 

TV2, Y. Pes. IV, 30 d top, read ^a, v. i^T^. 

TTTVH, THZlt. pi. cypress trees; sing, xniia, v. 



"yOlTS m. (fJrjp&XXiov) beryll, a precious stone. 
Targ." Job XXVIII, 16. lb. 18 (some ed. T^ttHS q. v., 
Ms. Var. ywn&). Targ. Y. II Ex. XXVIII, 19 ybfVZ 
(corr. ace). V. !*Vlia. 

DI'T'S m. (birrus, pEppo?) birrus, a travelling cloak, 
v. 'p&'-a. ' Tosef. Meg. IV (III), 30 ftlfS, Sm (oorr. 

fTPS, IpTfi m. CpS) heaping, crowding. PI. 
DWIia, "pS-llia, '13. Men. 88 a '5 or nrian iSllia the 
quantities' which remain, when filling from a brimful 
measure into smaller ones. Y. Shek.IV,48 a bot. '3^ goes 
to the collection of &c. lb. rib iSllia the remnants of 
the overflow of liquids, U53i '3 those of dry things emptied 

^■ffiTil m. ch. (J5thiop. 113 pX, v. Ges, H. Diet, 
s. v. ttipa) chrystal. Xarg. Job XXVIH, 18 ; v. y^ma. 

"iTTa* "I'nS m. (113) 1) clearness, correct sense. 
Yalk. Ps. 658 fi^Jrt ^>ffl '3 (cmp. ilia) the true sense of 
the law.— 2) PI. yiwa, la arbitration. B. Mets. I, 8, 
a. e. '3 ilBttJ documents referring to the choice of ar- 
)aip; [anoth. opin. ib. 20 a NWSB HB1B 

records of evidences, minutes of 
3) rvrtah 11113 exact account oftvine measures, whence, 
the surplus in the shopkeeper's wine account arising from 
measuring quickly and not allowing the wine to settle 
in the measures. Bets. Ill, 8 (29 a ) ed. (properly omitted 
in Ms. M., v. Bashi a. 1. ; Var. in Bashi Ms. 12113). Ib. 29 a 
three hundred gereb (v. 311) of wine 'an '3a from the 
surplus found in his account. 

fbyrs, v. yvina. 

"'TQ, v. 1X113— [11^3, Hull. 139 b , v. 11131.] 

Stf* 1 "]* 1 ^ I, v. 'trniia a. frnia. 

&^T2 II m. pi. (p(p>a, pi. of pfp>ov) birrus, a kind 
of cloak, V. yCtta. Y. Kil. IX, 32 d top quoted in B. S. to 
Kil. IX, 7 (ed. h'i13, corr. ace). 

arurrs, v. anmia. 

FTTH, XTfe f. creature, v. n;ia. 

)VT?1, K3i T T3 m. palace-guard, v. '13. 

"""Til, v. istiia. 

^~y% pr. n. m. Biryi, an Amora. Y. Ter. X, 47 b 
bot.' (Hull. 98 a dii1i3). Y. Pes. II, end, 29 c (Asheri to 
Pes. H, s. 13, quotes i&OS). 

im%, v. ™iia. 

d^rn, v. iiiia. 

llDn" 1 " 1 "!^, Y.Snh.II,20 a top, read piiliS, v.Kiiia. 

fctlEP'Til pr. n. pi. Beresha (prob. Baris), in the 
territory "of *Buben. Targ. Y. Num. XXXII, 37 (h. text 


n^TIl or iTH^ f. (ni3, cmp. hiia) something cut 
out; ring', hoop. Tosef.Kel.BJffiets.V,7 n'linB nilian !s3 
n'»»B nffinina ni13 ed. Zuck. (Var. fiilia, rYllia) every 
thing cut in circular form is clean (not susceptible of 
levitical uncleanness), except the hoop of the plough 
(cmp. SiaiiTl ibid.). — Esp. knee-band, garter. Sabb.VI, 4. 
Ib. 63 b "3 of the Mishnah is the Biblical ni5!2K. Y. ib. 
VI, 8 b 'SI Kirtffl )Q 'i3 it is called birith when single, 
Kbalim, when the two bands are coupled with a chain. 
[Ar. ed. Koh. "13, oth. ed. Fliia. Cmp. Assyr. birltu chain, 
Schr. KAT 542.] 

V&Vn, tKETpZ, v. wia, araia. 

&Gn"Q knee, shoot, v. Tpa. 

iO"!" 1 !!!, fcOH^H m. (|3r]puAXoO beryll, a precious 
stone, prob. the Ohrysoberyll or yellow emerald (h. brtB). 
Targ. 0. Ex. XXVIII, 9; 20; a. e— Targ. Cant. V, 14 
(some ed. Kbia).— PI. y>113. Targ. Esth. 1,4— V. yVllia. 
— Targ. Y. Ex. XXXIX, 13 V&n riblia sand-colored beryll. 
Ib. (I) XXVHI, 20 itfsfi nvVliai, prob. to be read 'pallia 
&&H1; Ib.(II)xriVlia(corr.acc.). [Ex.E.s.38,endyp*I*1B, 
prob. a corrupt, of our w., cmp. LXX]. 

D™l H pr. n. pi. Biram, also called Beth Baltin. B. 
Hash. 23 ab , a signal station for announcing the New Moon 
(betw. Syria and Mesopotamia, Neub. Geogr. p. 354). 
Kidd. 72 a .— Snh. 108 a Ol ifiai BtSISl Ms. M. (ed. mr&\, 
corr. ace.) the Great (hot) Spring of B.; v. Hildesh. Beitr. 
z. Geogr. p. 29, note 206. 

lfi~j% v. WW?*. 

rTOTil f. (b. h.; denom. of niia) 1) castle, palace. 
Pes. l'l8 T|> (Ms.M. 2 niia).— PI. rvftllia Ibid, (description 
of Borne; v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. for Var. Lect.).— 2) (cmp. 
"(■iiia) a palace-woman, court-lady. — PI. as supra. Lev. 
B. s. 19 '=1 '3 aUDin (Yalk. Kings 249 '3 bUDl) he placed 
court ladies in Jerusalem (forced them to leave home 
and serve at the palace) ; '3 ina what is meant by (why 
are they named) biraniyoth? "31 pus pna (not pus), 
he laid a trap for them, he caught them (ensnaredthem). 

^rDTa ch.=preced. 1). Targ. Esth. I, 2 (h. text 
hlian); a. ft.— PI. Sttjillia, '13; constr. riiJIia. Targ.Ps. 
XLVin, 4 (h. text yalX).' Targ. Am. Ill, 9 iVltb&O hiiia (!). 
—Targ. Y. Lev. XXV, 29 yilia masc. (some ed.'y'lliia) 
fortified places. 

NSTE m. (pa) brim. PI. &012113. Ab. Zar. 74 b 
>iniiS1iax inb dififfi (some ed. '113X) and sealed the kegs 
on their brims. [Gitt. 69 b KS113, some ed., v. X213.] 

SSJ2"] 1 ? pr. n. pi. Birka, in Babylon. Kidd. 7 2 a , v. Ktvya. 

StfpTQ, Ab.Zar. 28 b O xrinnS, v. Xpiail, 2. 

. NrfT! f. well, v. lis. 

5$rrP;l Ezra VI, 2. Targ.IIEsth.IX,6, 
v. JansVa ; a. e.-Ereq. as pr. n. pi. Fort. Y. Ber. II, 5 a top STiia 
'=1 ittia the royal fort of Bethlehem; (Lam. B. to I, 16, 
end SG1S !T|i3). Pesik. Shim. p. 117 a ; Yalk. Jer. 263 13 
fialB 'a STVa aiaifi (read SHT3) when a capital declines, 
it is still called the Capital.— Sot. 38 b ilinffil '3 (illfiHai) 
theEort of Shihori. Y.Ab. Zar. V,44 d npiTS rrna (Bab. 
ib. 31 a KpilS (mi (not J*-li3; Ms. M. 'ip1i& 'a) Eort 
Sirikah in Samaria. Kidd. 72 a Xia&l '3; ib. Him O Ms. 
Qxf. (ed. only Xp^S) opprobrious by-names of Babylo- 
nian places (v. Graetz Messene, in Progr. of Bresl. Jew. 
Semin. 1879); a. fr. [Y. Peah. VII, 20 a bot. xnaWl 'a, 
v. SttJnY©.]— [PI. m*r%(?.). Targ. Prov. I, 21, prob. to be 
read'sitj^ia streets', v. Wold. Mand. Gr. p. 17.] 

prTPS m. pi., v. s*nia. 

rPrn"Q f. (v. preced. art.) of Birtha.—Pl. rvfornia. 
Y. Pes! Ill," 30 a , v. niiB31p. 

iS^Ij'^^Sl m. (v. B>i&G).&ai, wrong (of persons 
and deeds); also ill, sick. Targ. Gen. VI, 5; a. v. fr — 
Lev.B.s.22 (prov.) '31 '3^ aa when thou hast done good 
to a bad man, thou hast done evil (to thyself). B. Kam. 
115 a JittDtl pMHanan, the bad man.— B. Mets. 75 b bot. '31 
'31 frt he who fares badly in one place ; a. fr.— PI. T^a, 
SP&ia, S^«Jia. Targ. Gen. XIII, 13 ; — SWiQia freq. 
the sick. Koh. B. to IV, 6 Ob fcttb&al and distributes 
(the apples) among the sick.— Y. Bets. I, 60 c bot. !*1p3a 
'2)13 (not '2)113) to visit the sick.— Eem. Stl^a, KMJJia 
1) (adj.) bad; 2) (noun) evil, wickedness, illness. Targ. 
Gen. XXXVII, 20 ; a. fr. — Ib. VI, 5, a. fr. TOJia constr. 
— Sabb. 129 a '31 ia '3 can bad be good? Y. ib. XIV, 14 c 
bot. '31 Xfffliab 3a (vinegar is) good for a sore, but bad 
for a sound tooth. Lev.B.s.33, beg., from it (the tongue) 
comes the good '3 mi»l and from it the evil; a. fr. — 
PL xniijia, NhSTOia, 'jttjia.— Targ. Gen. XXVIII, 8 (ed. 
Vien. a Kfflia", corr. ace); a. fr.— Snh. 7 a happy is he 
who hears (himself insulted) and keeps silence hiskn 
ilXa nVWQ (corr. 8M»ia IfllS^n, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 
note 7) a hundred evils pass by him (he escapes &c); 
a. fr. 

£512 II, '2 IDS pr.n. pi. K'far Bish, prob. Capha- 
rabis in upper Idumsea. Lam. B. to II, 2; Gitt. 57 a . 

iifiia, ??m% arnaFs, wa t mi) d bad 

quality. 'Targ. Jer. XXIV, 2; a. e. — 2)' wickedness, evil. 
Targ. 0. Gen. XXXI, 52; a. fr.— Sabb. 156 a db X1H one 
quality on the bad side; Ob iVd all bad. Lam. B. to 1,1 
(ih31) '31 tvias lUJia (not Hl)i3) have I done wrong that 
I &c? Pesik. Zakh. p. 24 b [read twice:] mtb "WsJi 
STTfittJia; (Tanh.KiThetse6 fTWl^a, ed.Bub.ib. HinTO)i3) 
to repay the bad man his badness. B.Kam. 115 a d&IISa 
db notorious for vice. — Men. 52 a '31 ITiWOa of our 
shortcomings they speak to them. Ab. Zar. 65 a '3 . . . WS 
the eye which desires to see your misfortune. Keth.25 b ; 
Mace. 5 b nitt!i3 'X '"ft 8T*Wl lltt he turned around and 
-ooked at E. E. with displeasure; Pes. 53 b ■'a . . . ma fcMfi 
t,Ms. M. 2 a. Oxf. HWB, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 400). 

— Y. Taan. Ill, 66 c bot. ilWXSa X^TDt KWnal and the 
city perishes in wickedness (by pestilence). 

b#a, abi^a, v. 'im. 

DtS n 3l, v. btaa,.— Pesik. E 

. 21, read bts% i 

I^J^Zl ("j©" 1 " 1 !) pr.n. pi. (contr. of )HW ma, v. ]»$) 
Beshan (Scythopolis), in Galilee. Y. B. Mets. X, 12 c top 
'31 xpn-n the dwelling houses of B.— Pes. 50 b 1«t)na i» 
(Ms. Oxf. 111513, Ms. M. ^la). 

"^3 (*0tB v Q) m. (v. preced.) 1) inhabitant or 
native T of"Beshm. Meg.24 b (ed. WW, Ms. M.13U53, corr. 
ace.).— PI. TJlBia. Y. Ber. II, 4 d bot.; (Meg. I. c. HDiX 
1S1B IH3).— Ch. T iXSSiiia. Y. Meg. IH, beg. 73 d .— 2) beshani, 
name of a species of olives. Peah VII, 1 an olive called 

'3 (Ms. M. 'na) beshani. Y. ib. 20 a top 1S31 tm 

'31 Baa's laTa some would say, it means really a beshani 
(named after Beshan), others would derive its name from 
the fact (v. ttiia) that it shames its neighbor (trees by 
its richness). [Oth. opin. a dry olive, not used for manu- 
facturing oil.] 

d.) fleshy, stout— PI. iJiuJia. 

arn^a m. 


XPl^a, v. ttSiaifem., a.-!|S5ia. " ' 

11 "Q Beth, the second letter of the Alphabeth. J. 
Sabb. XVI, 15 c top; a. fr.; v. t)"^.— Y. Ned. Ill, 38 a bot. 
'31 im n"i3 the Beth (in pnsi3 Gen. XXI, 12) intimates 
two, a son that is destined to inherit two worlds. Lev. 
E. s. 19 t]"3 '3 WB> Sins* dS if thou changest the Beth 
into a Kaf ; a. fr.— PI. ^ma. Sabb. 103 b one must not 
write . . 11&3 13 (Ms. M. -pHa) the Beths so as to be taken 
for Kafs.— Chald. SttVa Cant. E. beg.; a. fr. [Shek. 
Ill, 2 Mish. ed. KrYtl, read Saia.] 

TrZ, na, inf. Ma (sec. r. of !Aia) to go in, lodge, pass 
the night. Dan. VI, 19. Targ. Gen. XXXII, 22; a. fr.— 
Pes. 107 a HUB na (Dan. 1. c.) he went to bed without 
tasting food. Snh. 95 a (prov.) '31 Kill n3 if punishment 
is procrastinated, punishment is gone. Taan. 24 b iblS irKi 
'31 go ye all to bed fasting. Pes. 42 a irmi «ia (Chald. 
transl. of the ambiguous W^tti DTD) water kept in. vessels 
overnight. Ber. 60 b S1313 n3 he slept in the open field. 
Snh. 63 b .— Ib. 109 a top naiai i»3 he wanted to stay over 
night; a. e.— Part. m»a. Targ. Is. LVIII, 5. 

Pa. fliia same. Erub. 73 a (opp. to taking meals). 

Af. niax to keep over night, postpone burial. Snh. 47 a 
Snab tvf? ni3a dare one postpone the burial of the dead? 

rPS. m. (b. h.; cmp. preced.; v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v. as 
to various etymological attempts), constr. Ftta, pi. fiifta. 
1) house, household, home. Yoma ll b fwH 1 ? imia O 

bayiih means a building intended for a dwelling. lib. ia 
lb ima IrmaiD (Var. v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note) he who 
devotes his house (its contents) to himself exclusively 
(unaccommodating); Arakh. 16 a '31 invattJ ia.— '3rt bS3 
(abbrev. n"3>3) owner, landlord; host; private man, opp. 
to trader, artisan &c. Ber. 46 a '31 5>S13 n"S3 the host 
breaks the bread, and the guest says the blessing. Tosef. 
ib. IV, 14 n"53 ill) home-made (bread), opp. 'ppG'fcS; Y. 
ib.VI, 10 b bot.— Sabb. I, 1 n"S3 the donor, opp. W the 
recipient. Gen.B.s.22; a. v.fiv — 'a "p inmate, attendant. 
Ab. I, 5; a. fr.— 'an blOB the degraded (slave) of the 
house. Gen. E. s. 70.— 2) Esp. '3(n) tee Temple. i5Sa 
'an in days when the Temple exists, 'an ^iSa StblB when 
it does not exist. Hull. V, 1; a. fr.— -"TO '3 or "pin St 'a 
the Second Temple. Cant. E. to VIII, 9; a. fr.— 'an in 
Temple Mount, v. "in. — 3) school, college, (collect.) dis- 
ciples; Win ma Hillelites &c. Bets. I, 1 ; a. fr. Treat. 
Sof'rim IV, 1 '31 'a btt) those of the house of &c. [Y. 
Shebi;II, 33 d bot., a. e. 1 . . mai, usu. til, v. 13].— 4) &(%. 
Ber. 44 b '31 'ab lb list that human body (Eashi: stomach) 
is to be pitied where vegetables are a constant guest 
(being the only food). — 5) wife. Toma I, 1 '31 It ima 
'his house'— that means his wife. Ib. 13 a ima 1*6 "pi 
£On but this one (designated for bim in case of his 
wife's death) cannot be called 'his house'. Sabb. 118 b ; — 6) Euphem. pudenda; marital intercourse. Y. Sabb. 
IX, 12 a top; Mikv. VIII, 4 WS HX nfflalU she had inter- 
course. Ib. 'an nst niaa she washed &c. T. Sot. I, 16= 
bot.. nmab n-ll&X is forbidden to her husband. Nidd. 5 a 
nmab naina she hastens to perform her marital duty. 
T. ib. I, beg.48 d . Cmp. Iin. — 7) store-house, store-room. 
, Di2X>n ma wood-room; "jSKTa straw-magazine; Ipan '3 
stable; &c. Yoma ll a ; a. fr.' — 8) (geogr.) place, town, in 
compounds (for which see the respective determinants), 
e. g. Kipia '3 Beth-Bukya &c— 9) (anat.) limb, organ, 
in compounds (v. supra 8)), e. g. ns^ban '3 oesophagus, &c. 
—10) shed for plants, covering. Shebi.II,4(pl.). T.ib.33 d . 
— Y. Sabb. VII, 10 a . — 11) in compounds, denoting recept- 
acle, cover &c.,. e. g. "Pin '3 inkstand. Tosef. Kel. B. Mete. 
IV, 11; l" 1 '3 sleeve, v. ibpMSH, &c— Men. 34 b , a. e. cases 
of the T'fillin. 

Chief compounds: ax ma, pi. niax ifia 1) paternal 
home, family. Snh. 38 a 'X O iJtB two families (dynasties) ;— Tosef. Ter. II, 11 ni3N in3='}t '3 iSPIX hereditary 
land-tenants; B.Bath. 46 b .— 2) priest's division. Taan. 
11,6;; v.SJiiS; pi. — 3) origin Of a law, ntfe&c; cmp. 
3N II. Cant. II, 4 tX&ft bffl 'it '3 the origin (principle) 
of a legal rule. Midr. Till, to Ps. CIV, 29 wherever the 
root -1BS1 is used, it means cessation of government, llnfiitl 
'31 BlbttJ 'X '3 and where is the origin (determining the 
meaning) of all of them? (Answ. Jer. LI, 29). Lev.B. s. 1, 
beg. '31 yhm 'X '3a from the chief passage (Hagg. 1, 13 
'Haggai, the messenger' &c.) we learn that prophets are 
called messengers (or angels).' — yw; ma (abbr. 1"3) court. 
— initl mS3ffl btt3 1"3 or blljn 1"3 the Great Sanedrin 
of seventy one members. Snh. I, 5. Y. ib. 19 a bot.; 
a. fr.— ntJli T'3 court of an odd number of judges. T'3 
blplB of an even number of judges. Snh 3 b .— X*>11» T'3 
a permitting court, opprobrious name of a court too lax 

in religious affairs. Y. Gitt. VII, 48 d top; Y. Nidd. Ill, 50 d 
bot.-[Eor all other compounds not self-evident, v. respect- 
ive determinants.] [in ma, v. ima.— Gen. E. s. 12 ma 
iba, bbis ba ma, v. »*a.] 

NH^I, ^3, fcCV^SL ch. 1) same. Targ.Ex.XII,3; 
a. v. fr.— Meg. 16 a '31 da ill woe inside, woe outside! 
Gen.E.s.32 fcttlbpbp '3 Sinn that house which is a ruin (a 
Samaritan's designation of the Jerusalem Temple). Y.Snh. 
I, 18 c 5>lbl '3 ^n that house down there (Eabbi's college) ; 
Y. E. Hash. II, 58 a bot. Kmta ',ni.— Yeb. 109 b mm-ai 
lal mm"Q 13 for his (the trustee's) house is like his (the 
neighbor's) own house (he is familiar with the interior) ; 
a. fr.— Pi. 'pna, S'jWa, "Vtz. Targ. Ex. I, 21 ; a. v. fr.— 
B. Bath. 61 b sq. Ib. T 67 a , V. anil.— Ber. 6 a the case of 
T'fillin, v. preced. [Playful etymol. na airm K13. Sabb. 
77 b .]— 2) night-lodging. Gitt. 57 a Jtmaiiitb '3 "Off stb 
they would not designate a house as a lodging for strangers 
(Lam. E. to II, 2 &WI&38 !*b3pa nifi fctbl). 

^ri" 1 ^ II f. (=h. na) 6aiA, a measure. Targ. Is. V, 10. 
Targ.Ezek. XLV, 11; a. e.— PI. -pPHS, fma. Ib.14. Targ. 
I Kings VII, 26. 

^n n S night-bird, v. nista. 

aCTO, v. n"a 

DlD^S, OlrPS pr. n. m. (Bot)96<;) Boethus; 

1) the founder of a sect similar to that of the Saddueees, 
named "poin^a Boethusians. Ab. d'E. Nath. ch. V — 

2) father of one Martha or Miriam, a rich woman in the 
days of the siege of Jerusalem by Titus. Gitt. 56 a . Lam. 
E. to I,. 16 mia; Y. Keth. V, 30 b bot. !*nia.— 3) B. ben 
Zonin. Y. B. Mets. V, 10 b top;— 4) B. B— Y. Erub. 
VI, 23 c bot. 

'WrPil, '^11 m. Bo'ethusian, v. preced. Sabb. 108 a 
mst '3 bit© (Mass.Sof. 1, 2 ins bfcttB, corr. ace.) a BoSthusian 
asked. Tosef. Yoma I, 8 (Yoma 19 b "pTity.-^-Fl. m&ima, 
-pSsima, 11a. Men. X, 3. Y. Yoma I, 39 a bot. '3n iJSa 
(for which ib. a. Bab. Yoma 1. c. mpllttn); Tosef. I. c. 
[Ar. ,ed, pr. i& m3, p& ma, read as one w., like Tosef. 
1. c. Var.] 

■or-rra, v. t»i 8). 

^rfliT 1 ^ f. (ma) dwelling. Targ. Job XXX, 23 Ms. 
(Var. a. ed.'xmiap ma). 

DTPD, ^K}^, Tosef. Yoma I, 18, Var. for "*ima. 

"I?!* 1 !! pr. n. pi. (prob. a contr. of StSin ma) Bithter 
(BtMirjp a), known as Bettar, a town in Southern Palestine, 
renowned as the centre of the Bar-Kokhba revolution 
against Hadrian. [As to its situation, v. Neub. Geogr. 
p. 130; Graetz Gesch. der Jud. IV, 168). Gitt. 57 a '3 "j13 
the Portress of B.— Y,Taan.IV,69 a top. Lam. R. to II, 2 ; 
IV',18;— Y. Ber. 1, 3 d , '3 Win those killed in the 
Bar-Kokhba revolution (whom Hadrian would not allow 



I 13 IBa 15 (Ms. 

to be buried). Hall. TV, 10 (11) (Y. ed. lima; ed. Nap. 
inn3, Ven. 1im3) mentioned as a place not belonging 
to Palestine proper. Cant. B. to II, 17 in mi 

"HETtl pr. n. pl.Bethre. Sn 
M. I1t)i3) when they came to 1 

Jirntl" 1 !}, T. Succ. I, 52 a bot., read, with Y. Erub. 
I, 19 c top; Y.Kil.IV, 29 b , xmi3n ma or fin ... ., name 
of a field or an estate. 

*©a, roa, v. •«. 

"IfcOTDD, Yoma 25 a , v. &iib313. 

TDi m. (b. h.; 153) first-born (opp. tsittJB, a plain, 
unprivileged son); also of animals. B. Bath. 126 a 'a 
BltBBl; a. fr.— Y. Pes. X, beg. 37 b VW .11.11 '3 Mlh was a 
first-born and yet did not fast (on the eve of Passover). 
— Yeb. 16 a ; Y. ib. I, 3 a bot. "JtattS '3 (play on pp) the first 
in obstinate dispute.— Gen. B. s. 91 ( Gen.XLH,37) 
'31 STOHB '3 lit ">1rt is this a foolish first-born son! are 
thy children not my children? [HDTOJ O a first-born son 
by his mother, v. K1313I.]— Bekh.Vm,l, ilbrisb '3 a 
first-born with the privileges of a double share of in- 
heritance (Deut. XXI, 15 sq.), "pJf '3 one who must be 
redeemed from the priest (Ex. XIII, 2). Ib. IV, 4 nK .1X1 
'3H examined the first-born animal (and declared it de- 
fective); a. fr.— Pttaiifoa, rviiiaa. Ex.B.s. 18 biisa 1113a 
the first-born of Egyptian cattle; ib. ni1133 n3a the 
plague of the first-born in Egypt; Num. B. s. 4; — 
Beth. IV, 5 he who receives payment "3 fiXll ffFtb for 
examining first-born animals (as to bodily defects, v. 
supra) ; a. fr.— [Y. Shek. Ill, beg. 47 b '133S1, read niliSari.] 
Oh. KIMa. 

ST131S (=nextw.) early fig. Targ. Hos.IX,10. 
Targ/ls. XXVIII, 4.— PI. fioa, X11133 m. first fruits. 
Targ. Lev. II, 14; a. e. 

171133, '3^3 f. (b. h.; 133) early fruit, esp. fig.— 

1) P^nilil'sa. Geii.B.s.22 '31 '3M taiN SUM ate the early 
fruits himself and offered the late to the king. Snh. 91 b ; 
Lev. B. s. 4 maa '3 fine early figs. Ter. IV, 6 '33 at the 
time of early ripening. — 2) PL di113a m. (b. h.) first 
fruits (to be offered), (sub. nnia) offering of first fruits. 
Bice. I, 1 ; a. fr. — Biccurim, name of a treatise of the 
Mishnah, belonging to the order of Seeds (biSIt). 

iTTiDUl f. (b. h. ; 133) 1) first-born. PI. niliaa. Ex. 
B. s. 18 'ah niapUfi the first-born females (in Egypt).— 

2) first birth, birth-right. B. Bath. 123 a '31 pixia '3 *>a! 
took the birth-right from Beuben and gave it to Joseph. 
Ib. '31 '3 iltlM miKI the first birth (of Jacob's children) 
was destined to issue from Bachel. Ib. 124 a a pbn the 
share of the first-born; a. fr. — 3) the law appertaining 
to first-born animals, v. 1133.— Bekh. 1, 1 / aa 3Hh is sub- 
ject to the law &c, '3H 'ja 11BB is exempt from &c; a. 
v. fr.— PI. Hhfca, v. supra a. 1133.— B'khoroth (Bekh.), 
name of a Talmudic treatise, belonging to the order of 
Kodashim (bUDIp). 

fctSVmDS ch. same, birth-right. Targ. 0. Gen. XXV, 
31-sq. T ; v. KWroa. 

*S<^ ! 13!3 m. (=Wi}13 13, v. l»3U53; for Syr. Xtt)33=13 
Ntitt, cmp. P&11) knocker for giving signals for worship. 
Y. Meg. Ill, 73 d bot. (Var. Kltfiaa). 

mo%, v. «m$. 

"CQ, nD 3 (b. h.; y"-p to fireafc through, split, v. Ges. 
H. Diet. s. v.[ v. 133) to weep. Hull. 7 b ; a. fr. Ohol. 
XVIII, 4 "'pS'ia (TUB weepers' field, a place where the 
funeral cortege disperses; v. M. Kat. 5 b yuputXNO ill© 
Dina na (Ms. M. fvv&BaB)) where the funeral addresses 
are held. 

Pi. naa l) to cause to weep, make cry. I, 2 
(ref. to naan nsa) nas lirna nasal h3i3 she cries and 

makes the angels cry with her. Ex. B. s. 1 "pSOa 1M 
mix they made it (the Egyptian child) cry.' — 2) to mourn, 
lament (Ezek. VIII, 14). Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. II, 8 ni33a 
■jiWa lament their dead. 

03, fc03 ch.same,also(act.v.)foto*e»i(. Targ.Gen. 
XXHI, 2 ; a. fr.~ Part. 13a. Ber. 5 b S»i33 up... jtlSlB WttSii 
I cry over that beauty that it should rot in the ground. 
Ib. n-oap -Wax why criest thou? Ib. 133 Np mm (v. 
Babb. D. S. a. 1.) that he was crying. Lam. E. to I, 17 
fctnrti mas Xpte J1133 weeping she (Israel) goes up (to the 
ruins of Jerusalem), weeping she goes down. Y. Yoma 

II, 39 d top "pHa "pUB all the people began to cry — 

Y. Hag. I, 76 c bot. ilinsa 133 blear-eyed.— Taan. 5 b 131 
«i»Ma 133 1133 Ms. M. (ed. llSto) is it for naught the 
weepers wept? Gen. B. s. 68, v. next w.; a. fr. 

"03 1 m. (b. h.; preced.) weeping. Gen.B. s.68; Lev. 
B.s.8,'a. e. (playing on niHB133, Ps. LXVIII, 7) miUDl '3 
weeping and songs, '31 laix i»31 "|j*a he who loves (his 
wife) sings, he who does not, weeps ; Snh. 22*. 

"03 f. ch. same. Targ. II, Sam. XIII, 36; v. KlTtta. 

"DSln, '3 b$2 ('3 1^) pr. n. pi. Baalbek (En- 
Bekhi, later Heliopolis), an ancient city of Syria, renowned 
for its temples and bazaars (lili). Ab. Zar. ll h lili 
'3 l^saffl the bazaar at En B. (with its idolatrous rites). 
Maasr. V, 8 '3 'a dill) Baalbek garlic. 

"33 m. (b. h. X3S?) a species of pears, prob. the 
pyrum Syrium of the Bomans (cmp. LXX a. Vulg. I Ohr. 
XIV, 15). PI. bfnsa. Y. Kil. I, 27 a . 

&T33 f.=i33. Targ. Is. XXXVIII, 3; a. e. 

&O03 ni. (133) weeper, waiter. PI. «ii33. Taan, 5 b , 
v. 133 ch. 

<"P33, JT"p2. f.=i33I. Y. Taan. IV, 68 d top 'H33 
mSsn S\0; Bab. ib.'29 a ffifl ^115 133 weeping for no cause. 
Gitt. 58 a , a. fr. 'aa 1SS they sobbed loudly. 

fctrfPtfi ch. same. Targ. Y.I Gen. XXXV, 8; (II ib. 

«Hisa), v, : xnisa. 


"PDln, TOll m. (preced. ws.) weeper. Targ. 1 Esth. 
II, 21 T (Esth. E. ib. ''laia), 

"]*D2 then, v. ■)?. 

"I* 1 ^ m. li. a ch. (b. h. maa; 133) mHy, first-ripen- 
ing, opp. fflipb or V«N. Snh. 18 b '=1 tBipVl O dX when 
the early and the late seeds blossom simultaneously &c. ; 
Y. ib. I, 18 c bot.; Y. R. Hash. I, 58 b bot. (oorr. ace). 
Gen. E. s. 61 ; Koh. E. to XI, 6 (ref. to Koh. ib.) rtSIl bX 
'33 if thou hast sown in the early season. Ib. Oh the 
early seed. Ib. to VII, 26 '31 O diBtfc Wp)> (read Ott) 
the latest of the robbers is the first to be hanged. — Fem. 
h. h^aa. Y. Taan. I, 64 a bot. '31 Oh the early rain sets in 
on the third (of Marheshvan), v. Wia. [Y. Sot. Ill; 19 a 

top o hjisn, v. n-iisa.]— PI. whiaa. Y. Dem. I, heg. 2i c 

(Tosef. ib. I, 3 rYhiaa). Y. E. Hash. I, 56 d top Oh £>X 
those are the early -bearing sheep; (Y.Shek.III, beg. 47 b 
m"i133h, oorr. ace). 

fcCfiTCfi, M^TOS Targ. Gen. 
XXV, T 31 (ed,' Berl. T 'iaa');"a. fr.— Ber. V 1 * hiniTiaab h:3t 
(notST^) he(Esaw)sold his birthright; lb. rTWVM lipffi 
tfyfb htlhil rWa Ms. M. (read hOhil; ed. incorr;) his 
(Eeuben's) birthright was taken from him and given to 
Joseph (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note). Sot. 13 a lion ^h3 
'31 ihlliaai though I sold my birthright, have I ever 
sold my plain heir's right? 

fctrfOSl (HrflDSl) f. ch. (=h. rvoa, ma) weeping, 
mourning! Targ!" Gen! L, 4. Targ. Deut. XXXIV, 8 (Y. 
SXtVDS,); a. e. — Gen. E. s. 15, end, Ar. (missing in ed.); 
Pesik. Eonni p. 142 b ; v. XfY^X. 

iwta i wta, v. twivs. 

WDS,Y nam. 

~D3 (b. h.; -j/"-p, v. iaa, cmp. Ipa) [to break forth,] 
to be early. [Kal prob. not used.] 

Pi. 151a 1) £0 fie early, produce first fruits. Tanh. 
Vaybi 14;' Gen. E. s. 99 0TWV&) maaa has early 
crops, opp. hfflpba, rftsxa. [Ib. end turpmii&a fi^aa 
read "pasa, v. 133.]— 2) fo Sear /or £Ae /»-s£ iime (of 
animals). Bekh. 1, 3 sq. hia'O xitt) that never before had 
given birth; a. fr.— 3) (neut. v.) to be first in ripening. 
Bice. Ill, 1 and sees maaiB h3Kh a fig which is first 
ripe, "DtllB il3U5X a cluster of grapes which &c. Y.Maasr. 

1, 49 a top 01 »iiaa "sa^aa, v. utiias. - lb. rna siTa'ataa 
sans, v. ma. lb. nia" 1 :?,' iiaa^ffla (v. br& as to spelling). 
• — 4) (b. h.) to recognize as first-born (liaa). B. Bath. 

Hif. "llSSn same. Bekh. Ill, 2 niliaaah those animals 
which have given birth for the first time. 

Bithpa. "laarih to hasten. Yalk. Gen. 161 maana N^hia 
iTiniT^ia, v. supra. 

"IDS ch. same. — Pa. "133 1) to produce, mature. Targ. 
Y. Deut. XXXIII, 14 '31 X13a»1 which his land pro- 

duces.' — 2) to recognize as first-born. Targ. 0. Deut. 
XXI, 16. 

Ithpa. "Sanx to be dedicated as the first-born. Targ. 0. 
Lev. XXVII, 26. 

^"CQ, v. snaisi, 2. 

.K"0Sl l .v.O«i. 

wnss, v. k*w*. 

52 (b. h.; cmp. ''ia, v. Ges. H. Diet. s. v.) not, frequ. 
used, in connection with a verb, in the sense of a pro- 
hibitive law. Erub. 100 a S*tth bi Vs 131S he transgresses 
the law which says 'thou shalt not diminish therefrom' 
(Deut. XIII, 1). Pes. Ill, 3 '31 hX1i baa 11*>S dllrfllaiB 
concerning which we are cautioned by the law prohibit- 
ing leavened things to be seen or to be found (Ex.XIII,7 ; 
XII, 19); a. v. fr. [Our w. is also applied to Bible texts 
in which xb appears.] 

33 pr. n. Bel, the Babylonian deity. Ab. Zar. ll b 
baaa'o hia the temple of Bel in Babylon. 

52 m. (contr. of bh3, cmp. i]»ta) care, anxiety. 
Dan. VI, 15. 

tf b£, v. xbxa. 

SOS m. destroyer, v. bsbs. 

i02 to be worn out, v. ^3. 

^b2, i<b!l wittowi, v. &, »v 

nl^bS, ni n (of ^3; ^3) outworn garments. 
Keth. V^ 8 '31 Ihiriisiaa hdatia she wears her winter 
clothes in their outworn condition in the summer. Ib. 65 b 
O "Una the entirely outworn clothes (=dipnil5 Mish. 1. c.) ; 
a. fr. — 2) the woman's right to claim compensation for 
I the wear or ruin of the things which she brought along 
as her property (v. Slia, a. i>lia }H2). Yeb.X,l O xVl..'. 
nor can she claim compensation for used or spent prop- 
erty (but may take the things in what condition they 
are, v.comment.). Keth.XI,6.— [Y.ib.V,30 b bot.; XI,34 a 
bot., as in Mish. ib. 7 Wrta.J 

"Win, Ned. 91 b Ar., read with ed. 1J&3. 

■^23; m. pi. those of (the family or town of) Bela, 
in Babylon, (prob. a nickname). Kidd. 70 b ; v. iJ&B. 

D^fcOa, D^^lbS m. pi. (b.h. d-wtfs, ^fta, v.nix'ba) 

garments. Ib.V, 
of wine bags.— I 
from a winnow or si« 

l^bSl ch. same. 
(DDlabl, read DB3^3. 

bl^a ixSa torn pieces of 
a.e.— Hull. 107 b hinah'ifc6a fragments 
1. XXVII, 5 '31 h&i i^fta (leather) pieces 

Targ. Jer. XXXVIII, 11; 



bilbS, bilb^S (Pilp. of Kfc or ViS; cmp. Vna) to 
»»«e «p; to disarrange, upset, disturb. Bekh. 38 b (expl. 
Wary Lev. XXI, 20) '3Y fafaan "Df something which 
disturbs the arrangement (of the white and the black) 
of the eye. Snh. 108 a '31 JlS fafal las (Var. ItSl) he 
upset the bridal canopy. Sot. 46 b nfaVa &6 did not 
disturb the town (by pillaging, removing the inhabit- 
ants &c). Y. B. Kam. IV, end, 4 C one struck him fatally 
ftaVai "flipri J*31 and the other came and made him 
senseless (accelerating his death).— Part. pass, fataa, f. 
nfataa. Succ. 22 a "SB naiO a festive booth the covering 
of which is disarranged, v. fan. [Pesik. R. s. i fafat"0, 
v. fafa.] ' 

bilbln ch. same. Targ. 0. Gen. XI, 9. Targ. Is. 
XXVIII, 28 fafaal and mixes up (the grain with the 
chaff, h. text dart) ; a. e.— Part, pass. fafaa. Bekh. 44 a 
■jfafaal dllBa because they (the white and the black of 
the eye) are mixed up, v. preced. — Denoin. Str^fafaa 
mixture of white and black (h. Waty v. preced.). Ibid. 
(Ar. ed. pr. anaa). 

I%>aZp.contr. fafaiK to be disturbed, mixed up. Hull. 
26 b ifafaia they (water and wine) mix well. M. Kat. 9 b 
d"ilhB Faisal? thy table (meals) be disturbed (by the noise 
of children). 

D n &ib3, ^fcObi, v. t«n> a. Teste. 

arpsbn, ipsba, v . k^i. 

J3Q, Deut. R. s. 9 nafala 1WI, read Hernia, v. 

H3ba, v. n^a. 

"'JPD, Yoma83 b "WS1 'a WflhK ed. (Ms. M. 1 iJ!*fa; 
2 a. Ar. -Ulfa; Ms. Oxf., Talk. Deut. 959 Ms. iab, v. Rabb. 
D. S. a. 1. note), take a as servile letter, v. XW&. , 

rl 33, m?'3 m.(veredarius, (3sps§o(,pi,o<;, with change 
of liquida) courier. Y. Taan. IV, 68 e bot. pB3 nW>l nTS 
'31 n"rtfa could the courier go in one day and night 
from Jerusalem to Tyre? Gen. R. s. 10. lb. s. 78 ; a. e. — 

pryn^ia, ■pOTte. Esth.R. to 1, 8 am dianan (strike 

out either of the two, v. Pesik. Shek. p. 14 a , Cant. R. 
to in, 4). Ib. '31 TinnVpfcrtia rtttJI and sent couriers 
(after them) and had the letters brought back. 

I" 1 QTl -?? P r - n - P 1 - ( a corrupt, of Brundisii, Bpsv- 
rsaiov)' Brundisium, a port in Calabria, Italy. Erub. 
IV, 1 (41 a ); 43 a Ms. M. (ed. ■pDTtftB, Var. •ptmbB, •p&IJIS, 
■p&iisfa, ^Sil-iB; v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. notes). Cmp. 

nba, v. -fa. 

"D3 f. a tax (cmp. Assyr. biltu, v. Schr. KAT Gloss. II, 
s. v. fa'l). Ezra IV, 13; a. e.— B. Bath. 8 a expl. capitation 
tax; Ned. 62 b . Gen.R. s. 64; Esth.R. introd., v. VmQIIB. 

* 1 ta"ll!3!3(?) pr. n. m. Balvati. Avakh. ll a . 

*JSQJ T 1>2 f. (dlfa=obfa, doa) drinking of spiced 
wines, whence (cmp. doa) frolic, carousal. — PL rvittaisifa. 
Lev. R. s. 12 a 1MB dtt) V*Tl (Yalk. Jer. 320 rvmfa) two 
excessive rejoicings took place at the same time. [Num. 
R. s. 10 a. Midr. Prov. to ch. XI have ilhtlX.] 

12133 m. (afa) 1) acorn, nut.— PL dTMfa, "palfa. 
Men. 63 a tnvil icfifa Grecian nuts (nut-ben ; v. 8m. Ant. 
s. v. Balanus). — 2) oak. PL as above. Y. Keth. VII, end, 
31 d ; Gen. R. s. 15, expl. d^fest (v. next w.)— 3) (v. Sm. 
Ant. s. v. Porta) peg placed in the door-bars when quite 
home in the socket. Pesik. R. s. 6 if the gate-bars were 
wanting Ihfct a only one peg. — PL as above. Ibid. — 
4) key-bit. Y. Sabb. VIII, ll b bot. Blfa (corr. ace); 

▼■ tin. , , 

ISlbSl, NTSlbUl ch. same, oak. Targ. Y. H, Gen. 
XXXV, 8 (h. text yb*); a. e.— PI. Ttrtfa, "^fa.— Targ. 
Ezek. XXVII, 6.— R. Hash. 23 a Ar. (ed.'iaaia 'a. itJlfa 
transposed; v. KarMa); B. Bath. 80 b . 

D^iba, v. bvfa. 

3153 m. (bfa) 1) m«'a;ef7 up, v. Ws.—2) efow%. B. 
Bath. 147 a , v. Ilia. 

pbibn, v. w. 
awiba, v. w^fa. 

&W133, Cant. R. to I, 10; Yalk. Cant. 983 iWlfa, 
tmnfa, read SjrtB, v. 8;Sib a. nrl. 

n j?!313S m. (=ipS'S>S -a, v. ifjAs) jwJes /or carrying 
burden's to market; cmp. ^pMKl, 2.— Y. Dem. II, 22 e bot 
an la nplfa when buying from the retailer's stand, opp. 
nji^n "ja directly from the garden. 

aoibn, v. *&>• 

pSDlbl, v. rci^Va. 

' TOlbil f. (sfa, v. "^fa) vorfea;, gulf. Snh. 108 a a 
11S1 CMs/O. IIISI. nsifa, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 300) 
the gulf of G. 

posnbn, v. -poDiifa. ■ 
■mba, v. nsta. 

^"'"llbS pr. n. f. jB'fona (Valeria). R. Hash. 17 b , a 
proselyte. Cmp. S;"fl13. 

Di*llb3, fli'nbS, Gen. R. s. 28; Yalk. Zeph. 566, 

v. ninsfca., 

*1" l ~l"lba, THblD, read ^nsfa f. (balhearia) bath- 
house. Gen. R. s. 8 ; Yalk. Gen.' 13 /aittJla nns a HKT1 
saw a bath-house cast down.— [Ab. iZar. 18 b , v. 'plfa] 

rfHvS f.(^,]/~A,-<r.'9A)somethingtwi8ted, whence 
1) cAaiM, rope or weatt (v. P. Sm, 1, 532 S1lfa=h. niUSa 


dffipa, a. tOlto vinculajugi).— P/.ni's'lto. Gen.B. s.28; 
Talk. Zeph. 566 aht bffi 'a (Gen.B. 1. o. some ed. ni*to) 
thick gold chains (as translation of "ifl" 1 , Job XXII, 20). 
— 2) plait or looks, esp. the long hair worn by the Boman 
and Greek youths of the upper classes and offered to the 
gods on arriving at puberty (v. Sm. Ant. s. v. x6(at)). 
Ah. Zar. I, 3 irv-itol UpT niton Sf the day of shaving 
his (the gentile's) beard and cutting his locks (v. Maim, 
a. 1.). lb. 29 a . Tosef. Sabb. YI (VII), 1. Deut. B. s. 2 
'31 '3 SittJISrt he who grows a wig does so for none but 
an idolatrous purpose. Lev.B.s.23; — Snh. 82 a SlUJSn 
Pin^ltoa he seized her by her plait. . 

&ttVHl53 ch. same, woman's plait. Targ. Y. I Num. 
XXV, T 6(ref.'to Snh. 82 a , v. preced.). 

JSttt3 ! l53 m. (ato) search, examination. Targ. Ps. 

KBffra, ntiibs, v. *$?, mto. 
traba, v.'«Bt*a. 

*t"!53 (cmp. b. h. to in nto, a. ira), fl"i/. rton 

to be unsteady, daggle. Y. Pes. I, beg. 27 a . 

Tinte, v . ™>. 

12 53 ( j/to, v. to; cmp. ito, fcto, to; cmp. Assyr. 
aba to toe, Schr. KAT gloss. I, II) 1) (neut. v.) to stand 
forth, project; to be cut in relief, opp. SplD to sink, be 
engraven. B. Hash. 24 b E&ia nam™ nsaa Ms. M. (ed. 
incorr.) a ring whose seal is cut in relief; T. Ab. Zar. 
Ill, 42 c hot. Gitt. 20 a sq. Sot. HI, 4 nitsVia ftiJiS her eyes 
protruded; Num.K. s. 9.— Yoma54 a 'paVoi fprm press- 
ing forth and protruding (from behind the curtain); a. fr. 
—2) (act. v.) to drive forth, beat. Y. Sabb. XII, 13 d tsiiaa 
'31 aroft dlpa when he beats out the place of writing, 
opp. ppllt. 

T25S ch. same. Part. pass. Dto Targ. II Chr. V, 9. 
Hull. 45 b ^ato, ib. 76 a itito protruding sinews, opp. 
ijto sunk in the flesh, indistinguishable. 

fcOYVtabS, read nilSJiaa. Cant. B. to n, 15 fWip 

tarVBiB fit iniB'wi wi to 'a "ja brr»ns rpaixi'Ti ntoa 

tlFPIHX, read, ace. to intimation in comment. Mat. K., 

as follows: rvniDsa diT*» x^sia T'nn pa^ni ywp 
va arms* a^xan iib ni iiia^nn a'Tinti (the passage 

through the Bed Sea and the coming of the noble Egyptians 
afterwards was) like the order of the kynegion (the 
actors in the fights of the arena) and the theatron (the 
spectators), as it says (Ps. LXVIII, 7), 'He leadeth forth 
the captives with their outfits', and then come the spec- 
tators, as we read (Ex. XIV, 28), 'who came after them 
into the Sea.' 

v3, Y. Ned. m, 38 a top, v. 11b3"i-ia.— Pesik. Bahod. 

p. i07 b , v. to?. 

^53, Hb3 (b. h.; /b, v. to; cmp. taa) to be 
crumbled.; to be worn out, to fail, decay, perish. Koh. 

B. to I, 4 nMa Klrt it (the generation of man) decays 
(dies out), nVfa fijist it (the earth) does not grow old. 
Taan.9 a (play on *1 to 15>Mal.HI,10) SaininBlU to?» IS 
11 lalba until your lips grow tired from saying, It is 
enough; (Y. ib. Ill, 66 d bot. ito 1 *, v. to); a. fr.— Part. 
pass, to outworn. PI. t|i"to. Midr. Till* to Ps. XXV, 1. 

Pi. rto to wear out, outlive, survive. Lev. B. s. 4 
'31 itoa IDSSn the soul survives the body. Ib. s. 19 (play 
on -|rto' )•*», I Sam. II, 2) ^rto!= pX there is none to 
outlive thee. Koh. B. 1. c; Cant. E. to V, 15 one erects 
a building mil* itoa IriKl (not itoa) and another man 
ruins it. Snh. 105 a , v. Hsto.'Si, Nithpa. itona to become outworn, fadeaway. 
Esth. B. hitrod. ntofl*? yifTS (Gen. E. s. 42 ntob) are 
destined to decay. Deut.B.s.7, end tons (the garments) 
were worn out. B. Mets. 87 a niuan '5 her body was with- 
ered. B. Bath. 146 a ntoib 'pllUS made to he used up. 

11 53 1, !tf53, ITT53} ch. same. Targ. Deut. VHI, 4; 
ib. Y. XXIX, 4 iobs/var. laba, read nba; a. fr— Lev. B. 
s. 19 ito lVo all goes to ruin. Ber. 5 b , v. 833. Ib. 6 a . 
Bekh. 9 a VltKl Ihb tol they failed and went to destruction. 
Ab. V, 22 na (tol a^b grow old and frail in it (the study 
of the Law).— [Targ. Ps. LXII, 11; XCI, 2 Ms., v. to I.] 

Pa. to as preced. Pi.— Targ. Is. Ill, 15; a. e.— Ah. 
Zar. 20 a that this beauty S*19S O dust will destroy. — 
Part. pass. f. atoa. Lev. B. s. 33 (interpret. S'fcsB to 
Ezek. XXm, 43) Aquila translates ■KaXa.A rcipvn (old 
harlot), KIKiiS fcttoa K1SYT ed. (Ar. KifTO Oa SW, 
Yalk. Dan. 1061 only xtoa Utrifl) which means, a wasted 
harlot (wasted through fornication). 

"OS II m. pi. constr. (preced., cmp. nito, dito) 
rotten" pieces of (wood). Targ. Is. XLIV, 19 (h.'text bia, 
v. Bashi a. 1.; Var. to^). 

11 53 (b. h., v. preced. ws.) prop, destruction, naught; 
not; v. >tato. Ber. 44 b IIBa 'aa if without meat. 

OTDT52, v. &aa^a. 

*Wi" , 5 - 3, NDl n 5^3 m.(to, formed like HOVa) [de- 
struction,] a, cacophem. for idolatrous phylactery, amulet 
(v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Amuletum). JKpDBUJim 'a (Ar. JOilto) 
an amulet (stone) set in a ring. Gitt. 57 a 'a ilhnal is 
'31 so that the stone of a ring could be distinguished 
(as to shape, legend &c.) at a distance of a mile (from 
the illuminated town). Ib.58 a '31 '3 iap5(Yalk. Lam. 1242 
KJiibia, 6l3) they took an amulet (believed to effect the 
begetting of healthy and handsome children). 

Di^blD, v. rriato. 

arrjbs, v. anto. 

nb'vS f. (to, v. itoa) mixing, mixture. Y. Maas. 
Sh. H, 5V; Y. Dem. V, 24 d top '31 &6x O ■)■»« b'lilah (an 
even distribution) applies only to wine or oil. Men. Ill, 2 
'31 fias ftfjbto 11 the one forms a thick mixture (one 
Log of oil td one Issaron of flour), the other forms a loose 
mixture (three Log to one Issaron). — PI. nftto. Tosef. 



Dem. II, 7; Men. 18 b ; Hull. 132 b on the priest's mixing 
the offerings (Lev. II, 5; a. fr.). 

D'vlH part. pass, of dba. 

T\TTbZL (TV2 "bil) f. (b. h., y. iba) [nothing,] air 
(fr. Job XXVI, 7). Num. E. s. 14 'a hi^Sd *tt» (some 
ed. na ">ba)the ten heavenly spheres (omp. Sepher Yetsir. 
beg.). Ex. E. s. 15 '3 b5> dblSn T*«* bs . . . he rested it 
(the upper story, the sky) on the atmosphere, on b'limah 
(Tanh. Haye 3 mian bx> na bs). 

blD^Pl, Pesik. E. s. 42, read dimblf. 

^S, v. ^ 

"pTO^D, T. Snh. X, 29 a top, read fl^ba 

.■rntab^a, v. -^p^- 

pTDD^bD, Cant. E. to II, 14, read TBb^3; omp. Ex. 
E. s. 21. 

STQD^ (»"ltanb3) f. (ballistra, piXwxpa) 
catapult, awar engine for throwing stones, or (b. manualis) 
for arrows. Lam. E. to II, 2 '3 ^sax stones thrown from 
thecatapult. Y.Sot.Vm,22 b bot. , ]ribB) KIIHS'ta 1532 TO; 
(Mekh.Bshall. s.2 niaiadba, pi.; Yalk.Ex. 232 tVWIBi&ba, 
read 'abiba) the hail stones correspond to the catapults 
in the warfare of men. Pesik. E. s. 17 ; Pesik. Vayhi p. 67 a 
KlUdbs 1J3K (corr. ace). Pesik. E. s. 29—30 (p.l39 b ed. 
Fr.) ST-lfctrtn pKri ns (read 'b3n ps.). Lam. E. introd. 
(E. Josh. 2) ona&iba ■>»!* (read XI . . .); a. fr.— PI. 
ni&OB&'&a. Yalk. I.e., v. supra. Tanh. Bo 4 ; Shof tim 14. 
Mekh. 1. c. Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII. 

■nab/^a (■nlablbn) m.(ballistarius,paW- 
pio^) attendant of the catapult, also archer. Hull. 60 b 
fPh 'a IX ... . was Moses a hunter or an archer (to have 
known the nature of animals so well)? 

arawba, v. ^a. 

nSpbS f. (Sba) 1) swallowing, gluttony. Num. E. 
•s. 14 (play on 5>ba Gen. XXXVI, 32) he sold his birth- 
right insi'ba btHB3 to satisfy his gluttony.— on ma (Eso- 
phagus. Toh. I, 1 ; a. fr.— 2) wrtec, v. n^bs. 

n Spb5l, J !D ">it m. (=h. ns>iban ma, v. preced.) 5>MZ?rf, 
whence (omp. BlBl) straits (prob. Scylla and Charybdis). 
Bekh. 9 a .— Snh. 110 c H"ip*j iSlba (corr. ace.) the chasm 
created for Korah. 

Jsjl 53 m. (b. h.) availing nothing, wickedness. Snh. 
11 lb '(playing on bis) 'a T)3 means '31 it* . . . d*>J3 sons 
who shook off the yoke &c. 

JtrCplbS f. ch. (=h. nsnba) swallowing, Targ. Y. I 
Num/xxVi, 11, constr. HS^i 

amtastfo, antaxiba, v . k^ 

blp^bi, v. D^pb> 

NrPbS f. (iba) ro?, «Ar«i. Sabb. 134 a . Hull. 8 b 'a 
K&ISrT a'shred of a curtain (soft rag). Kidd. 48 b 03 Tfts 
tied up in a rag.— PZ. SWJfjba. Yeb. 120 a (some ed. xrrio). 

bbS (b.-h.; l/ba; a) seer, of bl3, b^a; yp fia, cmp. 
■pa, to penetrate, break through, v. aba ; b) ]/ba fo crumble, 
soften, cmp. j/Vo; v. "to, b32, ob3 in amabia) to mix 
(with oil), 7mead, stir; to mix fodder. Zeb.XIV, 3 (ll2 b ) 
Wart the priest who kneads the meat-offering with oil, 
v. ttWja. Dem. V, 5 balHI bbia (strike out *>51«1 in Bab. 
ed., Ar.Var.1*i13) he mixes the fruits and takes the tithe. 
Y.B. Kam. IV, beg. 4 a bibab to mix up (coins in a hag.) 
Y. E. Hash. I, 56 d bot; Tanh. Noah 11, v. ^3111; a. fr. 
—Part. pass. b>ba, f. nite. Snh. 24 a (play on baa) 'a 
'31 SOpaa mixed up (confused) in Bible study &c. [Y. 
Yeb. Vm, end, 9 d bb33 nailp, read Moa.] V. Ma. 

Nif.Vyyi., Hof. bbain fo &e mia;e^. Y.Maas.Sh. II,53 C , 
v.'J&ri. Men.xn,4 (103 b ; 18 b ) ^bbas diffiui) sixty measures 
of flour can be thoroughly mixed; v. fib's, lb. dibiai 
bb^fib.— Y. Shek. VI, 49 d bot. 1BSO fibbaia* ttJ&t fire mixed 
with 'fire.— [Y. Taan. Ill, 66 d bot. '3V ilbba^U) 19 until 
your speech shall become confounded from repeatedly 
saying, Enough; v. "to.] Y. Ber. VI, 10 a top (play on ba) 
'D1 *lbbai all blessings shall be kneaded thogether— Pilp. 

Db^I (b. h.; denom. of diba, /ba, bba, fodder-bag, 
nose-bag, muzzle) to muzzle, restrain. Yalk. Num. 743 
(read in place of '31 dlba 11=:) fiffla bffi lasb dfe liB 
brta Iri&t bffl lilies dibab Xlfi bl3i the mouth of the 
people of Moses is tied up (we dare not talk), but can 
he tie up (disable) the nail of any of them (the Canaan- 
ites)? Hull. 89 a (play on na^ba, Job XXVI, 7) dbiaffi 
'31 who restrains himself in strife (refrains from violence, 
keeps silence &c). — 2) part. pass. d*iba (cmp. dbx) unfit 
for use, lame, sore, swollen, closed by a tumor. Bekh. 40 b 
•a 1i& one whose mouth is swollen (one opin. in Eashi: 
shrunk); niafel3a TbSI (Pu.) one whose feet are swollen 
(shrunk). lb. 43 b '3 laaiH Ar. (ed. bbl3, corr. ace.) whose 
nose is obstructed. — GKtt. 67 a '3 131K a packed treasury 
of knowledge ; v. dba. — Part. Pu. dVlia, v. supra. 

*mf.tA'lr\torestrict.. Y.Hag.II,78 a bot. diba^iaiabai 
1!nBiS>b provided that (when cutting &c.) he does only as 
much as is needed for his dough for the offering; [Tosaf. 
to Hag. i7 b , s. v. xbx, cites intra nbsiffl, v. nba.] 

D53ll (v. preced.; cmp.Syr.Xab3 halter) to attempt 
to get rid of the halter; to kick, strike (of an unruly horse). 
Pesik. Zakh. p. 24 b (ref. to 'Ps. XXXII, 9) thou puttest a 
bit on him dbi3 ttVTi andhe strikes. lb. '3 KliTI tfoH? a^lp 
(strike out «b, as Tanh. ed. Bub. Ki Thetse, 6 a. Yalk. 
Ps. 719) you come near him and he strikes; Tanh. Ki 
Thetse, 6; Yalk. Deut. 938, Ps. 1. c. (with var. vers.). 

Db!l ch.=h. dba I.— 1) Part. pass, d^ba tied, mute. 
Targ. Is. XXXII, 4;' a. e. [Targ. Y. Deut. XXIX, 4; v. 
ibai.] — 2) (cmp. "p3) to put meat between bread, wrap 
up. Hull. 107 b KSaiK rvb '3 wrapped up a piece of meat 
for him (v. Tosaf. a. 1.). 


*anba , 

m. (preced.; v. dia) halter, tnjsf. guard, 
protection of the borders of a field, as fences &c. ; cmp. 
K'lOSX. B. Mets. 103 b '31 'a IpiS \b whatever is essential 
for guarding the limits, the landlord must provide. [Ms. 

M. 'alba, Ar. iaba, v. JttAa.] ■'.'••-' 

1?3» "Q^S m. (fSaXcMsos) bathing master, bathing 
attendant (who receives a small coin as fee, cmp. T^lpix). 
Shehi. VIII, 5; v. T*a. Y. B. Bath. IV, 14 c hot. Oil'dlpa 
the bathing master's station (the income therefrom);— PZ.'p&S. Sabb. IV, 2 'art WHip the beams whereon 
the bathing masters are stationed. 

f^, WVlS, W3, ^ch.same. Lev. E. s. 28 
'a V*ia Vis he went after a bather. lb. nSdl 'a liasM* 
has become a bather and hair cutter; Esth. E. to VI, 10 
0£>a); Pesik. E. s. 18. 

fc^talDbS, Sifra B'har Par. 5, ch. VII (Talk. Lev. 666 

xpabaa), v. «pit?p^ a. Xp'tt&f 

■oVa, ^_b&, v. i^a, ite.- 

J~3, "3 "5 II m. pi. (balnea, balinese) bath, bathing, 
T. Ber. vi, io° bot. ijiia ina sian tubi p-ina (read 

li^a) as if one drinks wine after bathing (for medicinal 
purposes, when the wine which he drinks after meal 
cannot be considered as a continuation of the draught 
taken before meal; v. rVBJiftsiI). T. Maas. Sh. IV, 54 d 
bot. as much as one will ask (for the fruits left over) 
on a hot summer day 'a "VQ after bathing time (when 
he is anxious to sell). — *Denom. MVO^a f. pi. (=balnearia) 
bathing apparel. B. Bath. IV, 5 (67\ Bab. ed.) 'art hXl 
(Var. his^l q. v.). 

fcOTjbl, T. Sabb. VI, 8 b bot., transl. of ttblft Is. 
Ill, 19, read K^?^?. 

1"H]]bSl (p'lbS) 1) constr. i^O (in>a) m. pi. (bal- 
nearia/fcattiw^ apparel, bathing utensils. T. Kil. IX, 32 a 
bot.; T.M.Kat.III,82 a diffiS 'a women's bathing clothes; 
Sabb. 147 b ilVa (some ed. i-ilta, corr. 'J^a); Tosef. Kil. 
V, 16 insta (corr. ace.).— 2) bath-house, v. yrbl.—V. 
ni^a. - • ' 

DbS ( y\a, v. Wa) 1) to mix with all sorts of things, 
to mix indiscriminately. Part. pass. Wba, f. rtdlba. 
Sabb.76 b 'art&iS adough of unsifted flour (with bran&c). 
B. Bath. 58 a '"3 1S1X a store room of mixed things (lumber 
room).— Gitt. 67 a 'a 1S1K a mind full of all kind of knowl- 
edge (oth. vers. dlVa, v. dba).— PI. )•&&*. Mikv. IX, 5 
'an utensils soaked with a mixture of colors (stains 
from use), opp. 6"«pS shining, polished.— 2) (cmp. ^a) 
to rot. Gen. E. s. 28 dibsfta MISl!* store of spoiled 

rpfffeba, v. 'jwtf*«?%a. ' 

D&bS, "jlDbbS m. (d&a, with inserted Wl; hence 
pAXuajxov which was readopted as ytixka; cmp. Stalifaa) 
balsam, aromatic gum. Gen. E. s. 91 (interpr. ilX) tidVa 

t|Bp the gum of the balsam tree.—Targ. Cant. VII, 14. 
Lev. E. s. 31; Cant. E. to I, 15; a. e. Cmp. Tiad>B a. 

lias-la*. " 

fcOD^SbbS f. (pXa'cr<pTi|j.fa) blasphemy. T'lamd. to 
NumT XXVIII,' quot. ('BtJiba) in Ar. — Tanh. ed. Bub. 
Tol'doth 21 rtW^a (corr. ace). 

llb^Q^DbbS, read pd/ai&t&a (£pXa<j(p^|j.Y]<jev) he 
blasphemed. T'laind., ref. to I Kings XXI, 13 quot. in 
Ar. (interpret. Tpa). 

5bS (b. h.; |/"ba, v. W>a) to absorb, opp. rate; to 
swallow, consume. Y. Shek. VI, 49 c bot. . . . sbia mxrtlD 
^S^ia . . , : nsMa the flame absorbs a portion of the oil, and 
so do the wood and the kettle. Hull. 110 b the liver when 
boiled with other meat 'a niiJXI htabls gives out (blood) 
but absorbs nothing from the other pieces. T. Sabb. 
XIV,14 d top; Tosef. ib.XH (XIII), 9 but he may sip vinegar 
sViai and swallow it (opp. ate to spit it out). T. Ter. 
VOL 45 b bot. Slte3 distei what is chewed is to be con- 
sidered as swallowed. Hull. '71* rt^lte rtXalB an unclean 
object (food) that has been swallowed.— Snh. 110 a ysitert 
those (of the band of Korah) that were swallowed up. 
Kel. IX, 6, v. fTf*; a. fr. 

Nif. S^as to be swallowed; with "pa, to be absorbed, 
disappear.' Sot. 36 b ; Tanh. Vayigg. 4; Talk. Gen. 150 
(interpret, the name Bela, Gen. XL VI, 21) MaWl ya '3115 
for he (Joseph) has disappeared among gentiles. Gen. 
E. s. 94; Talk. 1. c. Tiaa steUffi) he disappeared to me. 

Hif. S^art to cause swallowing, to make absorb. Ex. 
E. s. 33 (T-ipia Flairs thou mad'st (the earth) swallow 
Korah. Ber. 24 bT irYi'tea is^tea he hides the spittle in his 
cloak; T. Sabb. VII, 10 b top. Hull. 113 a d^ata D1 "aa 
causes the blood to remain in the meat (prevents it from 
flowing out).— Trnsf. to sell something in connection with 
other things, in a lump, in the bargain. Bekh.3l b I5>itea 
'31 he sells it (the meat) in the bargain with the hide &c. 
B. Mets. 64 a ; B. Kam. 118 b one who robs his neighbor 
■jiaiUrta "\b '111 and makes up for it implicitly on settling 
his accounts. V. rtstert. 

Hof. steirt to be swallowed up; to mingle with, v. 
supra Nif.— Part. ste^a. Ber. 31 b diffiJX pa 'a mixing 
with people, expl. '31 "|TnX tib neither very tall &c. (of 
average qualities). Erub. IV, 6 "(rt^a 'a his property is 
enclosed between theirs (reaches into the limits of each). 
T. ib. IV, 21 d bot. nistelart WTO inland-towns, opp. 
border-towns. T. B. Bath. VII, 15 cd rta 'pstela fields 
which are enclosed by others belonging to the same 

Htthpa: stetirt to be swallowed up, to disappear. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. XIX, beg. '31 la 5>!?ana he disappears from 
the world (forfeits his life). 

s?ba i 

Targ. Ex. VII, 12; a. fr.— Hull; lll a 

'a "ftrt B^SI i3irt 13 as it gives out, so does it again 
absorb; a. fr.— Part pass. S^a, «S^a. Ib. xal XSiVa 
filled with blood. — Snh. 110 a VllpT ^Slba, v. ^S^a.— 

3^3 ' receive blows (cmp. 5Bb). Men. 7 a ^a i3XB ifiVip 
'si I received many blows at the hands of Ab. over &o. 
Arakh, 22 a . Ber. 56 a .— Targ. II, Esth. Ill, 7 flJiX IS^a 
TO they are swallowed up (bound to be destroyed) by 
my hand. 

Af. S'bas, as h. Hif. Hull. 67 b 'b S^ax let me swallow 
them (put them in my mouth). Men. 17 a , v. infra. B. 
Mets. 64 a yaiffra trh 'K1, v. preced. Hif. 

Ithpe. S^apis*, S»^aiX=as h. Nif. 1) to be swallowed up, 
to disappear. ' Tafg. Y. Gen. XL VI, 21 rrta 'ah!* he was 
swallowed up (disappeared) from his side; v. preced. 
Targ. Josh. VI, 5 '31 Statl* 1 shall sink into the ground 
beneath it; a. e.— Y. R. Hash. II, 58 a bot. "Wlp )a 'SSI^ 
(the moon) disappeared from his sight. — 2) to be given 
to eat; trnsf. to be taught Ber. 24 b ^ K5&SS* Ktni>ia KM 
'31 12 v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note) this I have been taught 
in the school of R. &c; (Men. 17 a '31 ^ si«K fcffiirta xn 
this has R. H. taught me). 

• "3 m. (preced.) 1) absorption, natural loss, leakage. 
B. Mets. Ill, 8 (40 a ) '3 nahal Ills a Zo^ and a half is a 
reasonable leakage (absorbed by new vessels); a. e. — 
2) pr. n. m. (b. h.) Bela; v. sba a. Kf&a.— 3) 5&a or 
s|a (cmp. ^>a) a nothing, a mote. Tanh. Vayak. 7 (ref. 
to Sfeaa Num. IV, 20) pS3 tela XltttB rrttt 'ab; (Num. R. 
s. 5 "pSfl 'ja) as much as a mote which enters one's eye. 

2?53 m. swallower, glutton. Num. R. s. 14; v. Sis^a. 
Snh. T 105 a , v. bsia. 

2>bs, N^bn, nsba oh. m. (c mp . »ja) o« «^ 

swallowed, choking fit. Y. Ab. Zar. H, 40 d TJ5 rtS^a ^hx 
in a choking attack it is allowed (to apply remedies on 
the Sabbath) lb. Si>a rtiVrViri had a choking fit; Koh. R. 

to x, 5 swi>s nn mil run. lb. SYv&a xps&ti) to get out 

what he had swallowed. 

p5?53, Y. Dem. IH, 23 b 'ai> "ibina, read f^^D^Sa, 

D3?bS ( b. i 

h.) pr. n. m. Balaam, the gentile prophet 
of the Pentateuch. Snh. 105 a tsS S&a 'a Ar. (Var. in Ar., 
a. ed, Nfea) devourer (destroyer) of the people; other 
homilet. etymology ibid. DS rfbatD he ruined the people 
(through debauchery; Rashh^aiia). Gen. R. s. 65. Ab. 
V, 19 (as type of false teachers) ; a. fr. 

C$52 (Sba with S intens.; cmp. bba, bsi>); Ithpe. 
bsVanx to be choked, to choke. Y. Ter. VIII, 46 a '3rTW, 
yiDSiiMrVW (corr. ace). 

fc$S5il pr. n. m. Baltsa. Ex. R. s. 29 "1 nx 'a i>XUJ 
WpS [prob. to be be read b"T 'lax=i>"7 IMibx, cmp. Y. 
Ber. IX, 13 c ; Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII; CIV end]. 


p52 (b. h.) pr. n. m. Balak, King of Moab. Ber. 7 a . 
Num. R. s. 20; a. fr. 

DTreapba, ■pTBpbn, ■p....,v.^ia ( coi- 

lectarius), and p'tiBpjsS (^apaxT^pe;). . 

wpbs, v. «^ f - 
*nbs, y . k-jvo. 
■nbi, v. r^a. 
■jmbi, v. -pta. 
m'nb|, v. r^a. 

P"! 52, Ab.Zar. 18 b yiT>ai 'aMs.M. (ed.only p-fliC; 
Y. ib. I, 40 a rtT>a plVra, added in Ms. M. 1. c. as "p^a 
piVal; Yalk.Ps. 613 pT>31 plia) corruption of pV^ 
(liberates, sub. ludi, or liberalia) Bacchanalian games (v. 
Sm. Ant. s. v. Dionysia). [The preceding ynVlis orpVlis 
must prob. be read pllb ludi.] V. "plVtito. 

$52 ( y^a, v. tta) 1) *fo hack and break the clods 
of earth (v. inall; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Raster). Lev. R. s. 36 
on setting a vine '31 hniN pffifcia (read ■')««) you first 
break them (the large stony clods) under it and then 
you plant it. Cmp. KlBftax.— 2) (law) to search (for con- 
cealed goods &c.) to hold a visitation. Denom. isJba &c. 
—3) (milit.) to patrol. Midd. I, 7 '31 lifta!? to patrol the 

tJ53 ch. same; to search, examine. Targ. 0. Gen. 
XXXI, 35; a. fr. 

Pa. U%a same. Targ. Is. XXII, 5 p«j!baa. (ed. Vien. 
. pttftaa Af.); a. e. '""' 

Ithpa. ttiksnK, Ithpe. ttS^bsrtj to be searched, ransacked. 
Targ. Ob. v. 6, quot. B. Kam. 3 b ; a. e. 

XtibZ, Nttfe m. ch. (v. next ^searcher; con- 
staWe. T NMd. 52 aT '31 'a 11115 he sent a constable and forced 
her to leave her (second) husband.— P£ 'pajfts, ^tifta. 
Targ. Zeph. I, 12; a. e.-^Ber. 44 a ifflfta Ar." a. Ms. F. 
(ed. iwftxa). 

^ID'S, 1 " l to5j m. (tsisa) deteetive,investigator, search- 
ing tax-commissioner, constable. Y. Dem. VII, 26 a i>pa 
n (notiipia) the commissioner's pointed staff (with which 
he searches). Y'lamd. to Gen. XXXVIII, 1 quot. in Ar. 
'31 Iba iiffliia the constable delivers the prisoner over 
to the executioner.— PI. pffl>3. Kel. XV, 4 '3il iipa, v. 
supra.— y^ttfta. Y'lamd. to Num. XXIH, 7. [Var. in Hai 
Gaon ">ib>a.]' 

135^52 pr. n. pi. Belshafat (contr. of BSarttt 'a), 
a staple town in Susiana (Khazistan), Syriac name Beth- 
Lapetha=Ahwaz (Neub. Geogr. p. 380). Taan.22 a BBi> ia 
ed. (Var. BSi>ia, i£)Sffli>ia, v. Rabb. D. S. a. 1. note 8). 
B. Mets. 73 b ■aStOhfl ed. (Ar. BBfflVli), Ms. H. BBlBisa); B. 
Bath. 98 a BSUJ ill ed. (Ar. 1»in>; Ms. M. BSlfliiT; Var. 
BSffl i)i1, iBbil, BBttJii), BBCli ^3, v. Rabb, D. S. a. 1. note). 
[Yohasin s. v. Xplia: BBttJiiiS ^a.] 

riBJ?2, rHu513 f. (luiia) reconnoitring troop, quar- 
termaster's division, marauders. Bets. 21 a ; Tosef.ib. n,6. 
Ab.Zar.v,6 (Y.ed.'ia). Y. ib.45 a top nahbaai '13 bliitt}3 
'13 the Mishnah means when the troop comes in peace, 

or when it comes with hostility. Sabb. 145 b ed. '13, 
Ar. 'i-3. 

vibs, i^ibi, i&jba, 'n rro P r. n. P i. Bem- 

Baltin &c, v. bSiS. B.Hash. H, 4 (22 b ; Ms. M. Vb-CL, 
iniS; v. Eabb. D. S. o. 1. note). lb. 23 a bot. '3 !V>3 i«B 
(Ms. M. 1 irf>i3, 2 ifiis, Ms. L. ^niiS) what is B. B.? 
Answ. talis. 

"pQ"03D!3, Y. E. Hash. I, 57 b , 'S Ktiti, prob. to be 
read: 'paaiSa'iBiS 'phS (6ttO[Avr] (jurat) like the minutes 
of the court proceedings, opp. to preced. 'plit, read ]ipi^ 
(8l50), pi.). 

"fi"#?5> ^ "&& ni. tte fourth book of Moses 
(Numeri). ' Gen. B. s.'s ; a. e — MSI 'S the fourth book 
of Midrash Babbah (Num. B.). 

(IDS f. (b.h.; SIS) entrance, gathering place, 
ascent (cmp. b. h. xisa a. fi^Sa) ; esp. Bamah, name of 
the legitimate altars prior to, and of the illegitimate after, 
the establishment of a central sanctuary (at Shiloh) and 
of the Temple at Jerusalem; temporary or improvised 
altar; v. Zeb. XIV, 4— 8.— Meg. I, 10 nina- '3 national 
altar; itSDp '3 local altar (during their period of legit- 
imacy); Tosef. Zeb. XIII, 17 sq.; a. fr.— Pi. tliaS Zeb. 1. 
c. lb. 114 b 'Sin inifi nsm at the period when bamoth 
were permitted, v. supra; a. fr. [Meg. 32 a 'Sill tYlfiliil, 
v. Staia.] Omp. rtais. 

Ktf\T2%, v. abas, 

SPina, v. snaa, 

m^D&" l DD, Midr. Thron. Salom., Beth-Hammidr. 
ed. Jellinek V, 2, read hiKOiaiS, v. SiffS, 

SD/23 m. ch.=h. OiaiS altar, high-place. [Targ. 
Y. II, Deut! XXXII, 13 Kbas, read Srtos.]— PI. KJbaS, 
■pbias, Sibias (S*bas) idolatrous places of worship. 
Targ/ll Chr.XIV^ 4; a. e. 

riPDD, Cant. E. to VII, 10 some ed., read rtiit laiSS. 

5<rjQS f. ch.=h. itaS. Targ. I Kings III, 4; a. e.— 
PI. snasV*™'?). Targ. ib. 2; a. e.— [Targ. II Chr. XI, 15 


"]S m., constr. "]3 (b. h.; itJS) offspring, son, child. 
'S(t SClStB the male child's week, a disguise for cirawra- 
cision day, adopted during the Hadrianic persecutions. 
Snh. 32 b ; Y. Keth. I, 25 c ; a. e.— 'Sit SltBi a disguise for 
-,S!t 'jii'is. B. Kam. 80 a .— . . ill} i3S the son of, v. bui. 
ltWrTp ill} IJS descendant of holy men. Ab. Zar. 50 a ; 
a. e.— PL biJS, constr. 133. Ab. Ill, 14 blpai '3 chosen 
children of God. Gen. R. s. 82 rTflh btt) itiJS children 
(followers) of the Law. — Trnsf. belonging to, fit for &e. ; 
e. g. itiia iJS those belonging to the colony of exiles, 
Babylonians &c; W>S iJS Galileans; niiSX i» things fit 
to be eaten &c [For such compounds as are not self- 
evident, see the respective determinants.] []i"ipiB iJS, v. 

■|i-!piai3s.] . 

833, V. US. 

(1^33; m. (contr. of &»is) 1) bather. Targ. II, Bath. 
VI, 12 T Ms. (ed. 81J8S).— 2)'pr. n. m., v. i&WSII. 

^33. m. h. a. oh.(iiS) builder, mason. B.Mets. 118 b ; 
a. fr.— Y. Hag. II, 77 b top 'S )»! riinsali* this boy's trade 
should be that of a builder. Sabb. 156 b 'SI -nhbl "S (shall 
grow to be one) who builds and destroys, destroys and 
builds (restless). Ib. U5«; a. fr. V. VaTO")!*.— [V. trews, 


■waan, rK$33, a. ^s-n (='s ^ P r. n . ». 

Bannai, Bannaah, Babbannai, nstme of anAmora. Keth. 
50 b . Ber. 38 b . [Ib. 55° Ms. M. i»11!tS. B. Mets. 2 a , a. e. 
'St, Ms. M. tOiat, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note.] 

D" 1 !^!^, I" 1 ^^ m. sing. a. pi. (contr. of b.160 p, v. 
MS3) owe of becoming conduct, refined, a cultured person ; 
opp. 113; (cmp. Sabb. 114 a top, as to a scholar's duty 
to pay attention to dress). [Foroth.opin., v. Sachs Beitr. 
II, 199 ; Erankel Monatsschr. 1846, p. 855.] Mikv. IX, 6; 
Sabb. 1. c. 'SI 'S iffl the garments of a Banna'im, if stained 
with pitch on one side cannot be immersed for levitical 
purposes before the stain is removed (because their owner 
is more fastidious). Tosef. Mikv. VI (VII), 14 (where 
Sty™ a. ItiBp refer to the stain; as to correct vers. v. 
B. S. to Mikv. 1. c). Sabb. 1. c. 's i»a what does B. 
mean? Answer: 'SI ta>&t it means the scholars who are 
engaged in building up the world (of civilization) all 
their lives (as if fr. StSS). Ib. (dresses of the B.) lis 
'art biis are the court-garments imported &c, v. 'ptiis. 

iriioa, P i. of sms. 

SOlJi m. (iJS) builder. PL iiiiS. Yoma 10 a "US '3 
'SI shall the builders (of the Temple, the Persians) be 
delivered into the hands of the destroyers (theBomans)? 

rriD2 P i. of ns. 

^2, nDS (b. h.; seer, of fS) [to combine,] to build. 
Sabb. XII, lVsiSil he who builds (on the Sabbath). Ib. 1 02 b 
!t31S DltBa (isguilty) because it is one of the labors classi- 
fied under 'building'; a. fr.— Metaph. to educate, train. 
Ber. 64 a (ref. to Is. LIV, 93) Tj^iS xis ^i_:S n"S read 
not banayikh (thy children), but bonayikh (thy builders, 
trainers); v. DISSS.— Ex.- B. s. 23 (play on b'noth, Cant. 
I, 5) -'SI friiis the authorities directing the building of 
Jerusalem; v. Pi.— Hull. 78 b SS rttS itT, v. SS, a. y$Z. 
[Tosef. Par. VII (VI), 4 iS3S ed. Zuck.,'v. 153.] 

Nif. ft?3; l) to be built up. Y. B. Bath. HI, 14 b , a. 
fr. niiSitti,' nissii.— 2) (d'enom. of p) to get children. Gen. 
E. s. 71. ' 

Nithpa. it|Sh3 (denom. of )Z)to be adopted,naturalized. 
Pesik. E. s. 43 PXIffliS WSns they became full Israelitish 

Pi. it Sis to lay out, plan a city, determine its limits. 
Ex.B.l. c. the Great Sanedrin held sessions (this biSSal 
(not bniS) and determined the limits of Jerusalem; v. 
Snh. I, 5.— Part, Pu. St3*l3a cultivated; built (of human 


stature), well-proportioned. Keth. 112 a ; Sot. 34 b tww\ 
'31 )>$ il513a it (Hebron, in spite of the rocky nature of 
its soil) was seven times better cultivated than Zoan 
(one measure of its land yielding as much as did seven 
measures of the soil of Zoan). Ib.42 b (play on benayim, 
I Sam. XVII, 4) bla ^Da '3a his build was without blemish. 

^i:s, v. is**. 

"OS, }$2% ch.=h.S-i5a. Targ.Deut.XXT, 9 (Y.riaS'i); 
a. fr"— Part. \a3. Targ. Gen. IV, 17.— M. Kat. 10 b ■Wa 

I%e. TJatli* as h. Nif. 1) a. 2). Targ. I Kings in, 2; 
a. fr.— Targ. Gen. XVI, 2; a. e— Y. Ber. II, 5 a "^aaria 
■will be rebuilt; a. e. 


"^ J JP3H1 pi. (benignae, sub. interpretationes, opp. durae, 
v. Harper's Lat. Diet. 1882) favorable side, mitigating 
circumstances. Ab. Zar. 4 a bribe 'a IBpSJ* ed. (Ms. '133; 
Ar, iM^DS, taking S for a servile letter as do the com- 
mentaries) I shall search for what can be found in their 

JT3S, 1T^% I m. ch.=h. i&MS, builder. Y. Yoma 
III, 40» fy. Gilt, VII, 48 d bot.; Y. B. Bath.VHI, 16 c top 
iXrC+Wn 'S a builder of the law (forming ingenious con- 
clusions). — PI. p^a. Y. Ber. IX, 13 a top; v. '"jaW. 

iTHSSlI pr. n. m. Bannayah, an Amora. Y. Peah 
I, 15 b bot.; a. fr. (Bab. B. Bath. 57 b rist|3, v. isan). 


SWOS, Y. Shek. VI, 49 d top, v. 131313. 

Stfrf^lll, #&*0% f- pi. C»; cmp. SIS, SIX a.denom.) 
net-work, veils, curiains&c. Ber.61 a ;Sabb.95 a ; Brub.l8 a ; 
Nidd. 45 b '3 sn^sVpi p11p STl tttsS pliS (v. Babb. D. 
S. a. 1. for vers.) at the sea-towns they call all net- works 
binyatha; Koh. E. to VII, 2 srwaa (Var. xms«a). 

I^Sl, ^D^m. (b.h.; Mas) 1) building, structure; 
eredion. Suc'c. 51 b ia^iSS a'TD n»1 s6l» ia whoever has 
not seen the Temple in its finished state, expl. ibid. p33 
bVTilh the Herodian Temple (Ms.M. a"m p33 Msn ....'. ; 
v. Babb. D. 8. a. 1. note).— 'Sri Tfm, v. rtBX.— Sabb. 102 b 
"jSS 'S I'll such kind of labor belongs to builders' work, 
lb. 'Si W it looks like builders' work; a. fr. — SX "pas 
standard rule, v. S!J; v. Hull. 78 b , B. Kam. 77 b rias hi 
SX this (Ex. XII, 5) forms the rule, wherever illfi is 
used &c. (v. Tosaf. a. 1.).— Sabb. 114 a bblS bffl 13^33 the 
preservation of the (mental and moral) world. — 2) human 
frame, skeleton. Ohol. U, 1 la^aa 31*i the greater portion 
of a corpse as to size of limbs, contrad. to 13ii3a 3Ti the 
larger as to the number of joints and limbs. 

W 1 ^ 

ch. si 

. Targ. Koh. HI, 8 

ND'OSl m., SSriD^S f. (b33) sour; angry, sad. 

PI. ps-h's- f. anbiaal Targ. y. Gen. xl, 6 (O. ybtja). 

Targ. Prov. XXV,^! [Y. Shek. IV, 48 b bot. pb^as, read : 
•jirwa, v. pa ch.] 

'jO'02, Y. Keth. XII, 35 a 'S . . . . "flan, v. KltiT3. 

PJP^DSI (^p^Ml) m. (beneficium, [kvscpixiov) 
favor, grant] esp. the rights of a privileged person con- 
cerning the protection of his character. Tanh. Korah (ed. 
Bub.)addit.2(cmp.Tanh.ib. 8) ^bah nS blB haiSlDlttA iffla 
-jban la ppiS ias iBptitt) (corr.acc.) this is to be compared 
to a sponsor of the King's daughter who claimed satis- 
faction of the King on the ground of his privileges. He 
said to the King iJ>1B "3 5>31M yy& bX if thou wilt not 
stand up for my privileges &c; Num.B. s. 18 ~\b$) ppB33 
(corr. ace). 

pnjJ^b^Zl m. pi. (beneflciarii, pevecpwaXioi) the 
commander's attendants, orderlies. Sifre Deut, 317 ("^3 
p-ipiS, binp1& iSS corr.acc); Yalk.Deut. 944 tsn^TU '3 l!>!* 
those are their (the Boman) beneflciarii. 

»rj:a, v 

pi. ( ]/"^S, v - *22) cavities dug around the 
ye the water,=h. "Via 2). M. Kat. 4 b . 

73H1 pi., v. itflia.- [V. also 13.] 

Dj3 (sec. r. of b3, v. bbS) to ferment, get sour; trnsf. 
to be angry, agitated. Dan. II, 12, Targ. Y. Gen. XL, 2. 
Targ. Bsth. II, 21 IfiSpl IbaS (ed. Vien. 1B33, corr. ace), 
lb. IV, 17 '31 bbai (ed. Vien. '31, corr.acc, h. 'text 13S11 !) ; 
v. bba. — Part. pass, b^aa, v. Xb^aa. Denom. p&3. 

5*033 n 

(preced.) anger, ill-humor. Targ. Job XVI, 
, some ed. Xbaa). 



DTHSSl f. pi. (=p^&3; cmp. (kvfapiv for (Mviapia, 
S.) bathing apparel. Gen.B.s.45 '31 '31 tJiiVi (Ar. rvfi*iS3, 
some ed. tlVflfi) buckets and bathing apparel did she 
make her carry &c; Yalk. Gen. 79 hWiViib (corr.acc). 

fctrP^Hifi f. pi. ch. same. Y. B. Kam. VII, end 6 a 
rT'tlii'nSS 3iba X3X I will carry his bathing clothes (i. e. 
I will be his servant; cmp. B. Mets. 41 a ; Brub. 27 b ; 
Snh. 62 b ). 

r O"lDi, y. Kii. ix, 32 b top, v. p't^m 

SSrCfi* "JPJJS, pi. of sera. 

D^D3, v. pa, pa. 

JlpTOn, Y. Snh. VII, 25 d , v. ripiria ch. 

^DS, v. VX 

*Jnt3X&D, Pesik. E. suppl.(p. 197 a ed. Fr.), v. XBbrj. 

" I !3D2DD, Num. E. s. 10, v. ^abab. 
M CQ a mnemotechnical device, representing hah3, 
■jTlbn, fnlM and SttlTin. Hull. 42 ab . 

"iJltDH, Lam. B. to III, 7 KiiaiS bffl '3 (Yalk. a. 1. 
niiais its (S131S) 155.) prob. to be read:'"«bh the lock- 
ing up of Jerusalem by the Arabs, v. ib. to I, 5.— [For 
VPWIB >1B KIBbp ibid., read d^ail.] 

S'iHIDS m. (tibS). sweet-meat, delicacy.— PI. "vo-lba. 
Brub. T 82 b ;'Meg. 7 b '=1 'ab xnill Ms. M. (ed, sing., Var. 
in ed. Nata, na^ba) for delicacies there is always room 
(appetite). V. W1D3. 

.0103, read WOa. 

fcOiOS, NTTliba, y. itoa. 

STIIOS f-, pi- hiTiba (Ib3) first-ripe fruits, first 
priestly gifts. Keth. 16 b 'a bffl bis Ar. (ed. STVffiQ), expl. 
fiai^n i«5 p*< bis. Y. ib. n,26 b top hiniba hw rvan (ed. 
Krot. nmaja). 

Sjs'uDB m. pi. (pE<JTta,pl.=vestes)^ar»MeMfe. Num. 
B. s. 7 'il'diVs. [Prob. our w. was a gloss to 3^3.] 

02, ^03 (v. bba) to trample upon; hence (with 
-a) to despise; v. "jai; cmp. ttiaa. 

Pa. ^&a 1) same. Y.Ter. VIII, end, 46 c "Wia xb ^baa xb 
'31 (read " 1 &Qh) despise neither a Boman of low stand- 
ing &c. ; (Gen'.E. s.63 plan Kb).— *2) (Arab. Ba) to drive, 
instigate. Gen. B. s. 79, end, heard an Arab say to his 
neighbor '31 "D h&aa MS ha (some ed. '3a, corr. ace.) 
why art thou driving me? and he meant to say IIS Ha 
ia nte»a (Tar. h&5>a) why wilt thou force me?— from 
which they learned the meaning of bhlbSl, Mai. Ill, 21. 

&Op3 (Ar.), 5T012 m. (v. preced.;=h. hSisS?) m- 
difference, willful negligence. Targ. Y. Ex. XXII, 8 '13a 
(corr. ace). Y.B.Mets. V, 10 b bot. '33 hha if the animal 
died through negligence; Tosef. ib. V, 10 SWtna ed. 
Zuck. (Var. '3a). B. Kam. 116 b '31 '133 (Var. '33; Ms. M. 

stjbiaa, '133). 
013^03, 01 Jlb^OS, read tri-Vta. 

Oifct^OS ((3a<JiXeo>£, Genit. of PaaiXeuc) ; v. bi^ba. 
Y. E. Hash. I, T 57 a bot., v. bisnSX. 

ITTDS 1) m. (PasiXeioM, to) royal seat, palace. Y. 
Snh. II, 2*/ '31 rT>T>1 '3 bs aw X3ba (read '3 •n) the 
King sits in his palace, and thou sayest thou art the 
King?— 2) (genit. of [foaiXeta, t<x) of the palace, or of the 
royal affairs. Gen. B. s. 93 '3 plBB (iraTpwv tuW paai- 
XsJiov) swpen'wtowfeMt o/ &c. 

Ot^OS, OI^OS m. (PaaiXsu;) Ainiy. Y. Ber. 
IX, 12 d "bot.[ Gen. E.'s. 8 T (corr. ace). 

" 1 j5T l p3 ( n pb03) f. (PauiXuy), sub. aToa) basilica, 
a building with colonnades for holding courts, also meet- 
ing place for merchants, exchange, forum. Yoma 25 a 

flVna '3 pa3 was built in the style of a large basilica 
(semicircular). Tosef. Succ. IV, 6 (describing the Alexan- 
drian Synagogue); Succ. 51 b . Gen. E. s. 68 '31 '3b b^VlS 
one goes up to the basil, and finds the King holding 
court. Ex. E. s. 15; Tanh. Haye 3 '31 'a bSX stall} per- 
haps he wanted me to wait for him near the basilica 
(on the forum). Esth. B. to I, 3. Toh. VI, 8 ; Tosef. ib. 
VII, 12; [Y. B.Bath. IV, 14 c bot. ^pbb3, v. bi3b3.]— 
PI. nixp^ba. Ab. Zar. 16 b '31 pi 'a tl)blt> there are three 
kinds of basilicas, for Kings (holding court), for baths, 
and royal treasuries (to fiaaiXtxov, sub. tocjasiov, S.). 
Tosef. Ohol. XVIII, 18 selling wheat 'pbtZ} '33 in their 
(the gentiles') exchanges. [Lev. E. s. 34 ipbb3,read "'pV'Ba.] 

D'OS, v. taba. 

D^oa, aeroa m., aa">p3, m&vz t («») 

boiled, ripe, whence 1) (Var. b^bi, b^&a, Xa^b'a) sweet, 
pleasant, well-seasoned &c. (=h. 3"©). Targ. Ps. OXLI, 2 
(h. text 31S, translated in both senses); a. fr.— Keth. 104 a 
top WlilX '31 t/ety-Kft which lies high and whose air is 
pleasant (temperate). E. Hash. l 21 a '31 K^UJ3H '3 (Ms. 
M. 2 margin '3 ha3; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 80) how 
well tastes the food of the Babylonians on the day when 
in Palestine they observe the Day of Atonement! B. 
Mets. 60 a '3 mfl xb (the wine) was not good. Ib. 69 b 
'31 '31 SCWl that there is good and bad wine. Ber. 56 a 
-pan '3 thy wine will be good.— PI. pff<ba, fern. )&%&, 
Sha^bS (alsoasnouns, as h.WB'W, ma^SJ). Targ.Y.Num. 
XXXlil,28 sq.; a. e.— V.^ai&a.— 2) (cmp. xbn) ferment- 
ing, sour. Y. Maas. Sh. IV, 55 c top b^ba puna .... siah 
this man's (thy) wine shall turn sour (ferment); v. p&a. 
Lam. B. to I, 1 (bi^njta in 7) b^ba-l im and one bag 
with sour wine. Ib. b^bn xaibai the dripping of the 
sour wine bubbles. Ib. pixni3 "in) biba n^13 piBSI and 
it will all turn sour. 

fctXTDSl* ^H&^ m- (v. preced. 2) fermenting wine, 
wine turned into vinegar. Lam. E.' to III, 40 'niblSI "pi* 
sian xaib3 piia Ar. (ed. s^an sa^bi '3 insnb n^x; read 
'13-1 pa, strike out Sa^bl) when the endive (the cabbage) 
is bitter, the fermenting wine turns sour (sin begets sin). 
Cant. E. end, if the vineyard is cut before its time, "'SS 
'31 n*>ab3 even its vinegar is not good. 

nEPpIll f. same. Y. Pes. Ill, beg. 29 d formerly..... 
the wine (in Judsea) never turned sour, and they put in 
barley to make it sour, whence it was called DOaT-ft 'a 
Southern vinegar (fermentation,=h. Tffrwn pain). 

^niD^&S f. (ptsl) sweetness. Targ. Ps. XXVII, 4; a. e. 

N^OS mpl _ (Qba ;= h.bii33n) embalming process. 
Targ^ Y. Gen. L, 3. 

"ppS m. pi. (bsa) vinegar. '33 S321 pbn 3bJia h« 
thou wilt take lettuce and dip in vinegar. [Prob. b^bS.] 


b^pS m. (bia, bb3; formed like "pSS) anything to 
tread upon; footstool, stand, base (=b.h. ■jB/haiaa). Kel. 

XI, 7 '3M1 mstt the bud (receptacle of the candlestick) 
and the stand. Lev. B. s. 25; Cant. B. to V, 15 like a 
column which has '31 "jaaba 'a a base beneath &c; Tanh. 
B'har l. Y. Ab. Zar. in, 42 d top 'a "jiT^S y&Wfla when 
there is upon them (the idolatrous emblems) no stand 
(indicating that they were intended for practical use). lb. 
'31 .'ppTlb bl&a bib (corr. ace.) if the cup serves as a 
stand for the dragon (idolatrous emblem), it (the cup) is 
forbidden; — Trnsf. (in Sabbath law) whatever is sub- 
servient to another object, e. g. the case in which a book 
is kept, the table upon which a lamp is placed, Sabb.ll7 a 
"llbXrl lyi 1 ? '3 subservient to an object which must not 
be handled on the Sabbath; a. fr.— V. "i^bS, rVbiba. 

D"DS, S^D^DS f. ch. same. Targ. I Kings VII, 30; 
a. fr.— y:Sabb. T XVli, 16 b top rvm '3 its (the delphica's) 
pedestal. Y.Succ.V, 55 b bot. whatever (structure) stands 
isolated being one hundred feet high '31 'a "TO requires 
a buttress (in the shape of an ascent) of thirty three 
cubits on each side.— Pi. XJCfpa. Targ. I Kings VII, 27 ; 

X>XB, rHp^pS, rPpDS f. H^ba; bba) foot- 
stool, base', stand,' step!— PI. rnabida Ar., wVaa, n'frbba. 
Kel.XXIV,6 '|!T&a tt&tti (Ar.^ba) there are three stands, 
one before the bed (step) &c. Num. B. s. 10, beg. hWba, 

v. &ipa. 

~I"DS m., ^TpS f. 1) (laa) ■(Ida) contemned, con- 
' temptible. Targ. Ps. XV, 4;— PI, yytja, fem. T^ba. 
Targ. Mai. II, 9; I, 12. Targ. Jud. IX, 4, v. WnjaalL— 
2) ripening, v. "iba II. 

stfJTlTpS'f. (preced.) contempt. Targ. Ps. OXXIII, 3. 

D&S, DCS ( yta, l»a, cmp. *>i25a, to boil, ripen, be 
warm, ferment) to be sweet, pleasant, pleasing. Lam. B. 
to 1, 9 -$> D&rni ~\b 31S1 may (the sacrifice) be sweet unto 
thee (Moloch), may it be pleasing unto thee. Gen. B. 
s. 85 '31 blUIS'' b3^> SIS'! (Talk. Gen. 144, Josh. 35 bbS^) 
may (the wine you drank) be sweet to you, may it well 
agree with you. — Denom. bbia. 

Pi. d&a, bars, d&ia to make a person look well, esp. 
(denom. of bbia) to perfume with oil &c. Ex. B. s. 23 a 
bride fini!* yabaal nniK ■pofflpa is adorned and made 
handsome (her toilet is attended to). — Part. pass. b&lSa, 
f. hawaa, 'iffiaa perfumed, sweet &c. Num.B.s.20naffinpa 
'aai' in full toiiet. Tosef. Ber. VI (V), 5 it is not becom- 
ing for a scholar dbiaa XSiffl to go out with perfumed 
oil on his head; Ber. 43 b IBiSa. B. Bath. VI, 3 'aa )^ 
sweet wine (guaranteed as not sour). [Pesik. B. s. 21 
"bVwn WDtl; Buth. B. beg. bbia, read bSna, v. bba.] 

Eithpa. b&ann,. ''mrin; Nithpa. oban, 'iaan? \) to 
perfume one's self with oil &c. Gen.B.s. 17.— 2) to become 
exhilarated, to feel the wine. Koh. B. to XI, 9 Sinffin ^3K 
T01 he ate and drank and felt well.— 3) trnsf. to grow 
better, improve. Gen. B. s. 67, end T&S IWi rtabaro 
his character grew better (play on naffla Gen. XXVI, 34). 

—[lb. s. 66 nVisn nosro, v. bba.] 


. Targ. Ex. XV, 25; a. fr.— Part. pass. 

Pa. ta^ba 1) to sweeten, season; trnsf. to make happy, 
to delight Targ. Y.Num. XVIII, 19. Targ. Ps. OXIX, 122 ; 
a. e. — Succ. 51 a ; Arakh. ll a tibp lalbab to sweeten the 
sound (by means of instrumental accompaniment). — 2) to 
embalm. Targ. Y. Gen. L,2; 26.— Part. pass. b&Sa. Targ. 
0. XXX, 25. 

Ithpa. bE&rrtS, Ithpe. bbarps, contr. Diba 1 '!* 1) to be 
sweet, well-seasoned, prepared. Targ. Job XXIV, 20. Targ. 
Y. Ex. XXX, 25 bteana; a. e.— 2) to be embalmed. Targ. 
Y. Gen. L, 3.-3) to be cheerful, feel the wine; cmp. Xa}*fta. 
Snh. 38 a bTOS"«1 pa when they were feeling the wine. 
Sabb.66 b . B.Bath. 73 b hot.— Meg. 7 b latwA tt»il* 2*VFa 
'31 (= b ial&aixb, v. Bashi a. 1.) one must cheer himself 
up with wine &c. lb. dlda^!* they were feeling the wine 
(v. Babb.D. S. a. 1. note). [Targ, Cant.II, 5 bbanx, v. boa.] 

DOS, Uty% m. (preced.) dealer in, or manufacturer 
of, spices, perfumes &c; druggist. Kidd. 82 b . Tosef. ib. 
II, 2; 4. Y. Ber. IX, 13 c bot. B.Mets.56 b if one sells his 
(cancelled) notes 'si to a druggist (for wrapping paper); 
a. fr.— [Tosef. Ber. VI (V), 8 ed. Zuck. DlffD.]— PZ.diaba, 
■pasa, 'iaa. Sabb. 8i a . 

^23p3, v. wo^ba. 

D&S (sec. r. of b. h. MS) to tread, stamp, pile up. 
Ukts. I, 5 stalks of eatable plants (straw &c.) fiSS IbbaiD 
which the owner packed in the barn ; Succ. 14 a "ibbS "Wa 
what does this b'sasan mean? B. . . . says (Baa 'a he 
really stamped them (threshed); B. . . says I'M!* TWr 
he untied them (for the purpose of piling the stalks 
closer by treading upon them). [Pesik. Hahod. p. 45 a ; 
Pesik.E.s.15 m&bia Tit, read with Num. E.s. 11 rribbia, 
v. &WJ 

Pi. b&ia (denom, of bra) to establish firmly, to fosmd, 
to put on a secure basis. Cant. B. to I, 9 b3isn ^3 ^ai 
and who gave the world a firm basis?; (ibid. VII, 1 ; Euth. 
B. beg.; Pesik. E. s. 21 tXtn, VWQ corr. ace.).— Part. 
pass. &S*iaa firmly established. Num. B. s. 15; Tanh. 
B'haal. 11 'jisaV 'aa 1Xb3 (not dblSa) His throne is firmly 
established above, when Israel &c. 

Nithpa. b&an? to be firmly established, to rest safely. 
Num.B-s. 12 after the Sanctuary was erected dVlSSTSM 
the world became firm. Ib. as soon as they made a 
third leg for the table (v. ^pblB), 'SMS it stood firm ; Tanh. 
T'rum. 9. Gen. B. s. 66 bVlSH bfflsro (corr. ace,); Yalk. 
Ps. 811. 

DOS ch. same. Part. pass, biba based, firm. Targ. 
. Cant. V, 15. 

Pa. bi&a as preced. Pi. Targ. II Chr. Ill, 3. 

Ithpa. bbam as preced. Nithpa. Targ. Cant. II, 5 (not 

rppps, v. twos. 

"iDSl (y&s, v. .bbs) to tread 'upon; trnsf. (v. asa) 
to contemn (with>S); to be overbearing (with a). Ex. 


R. s. 42, end •$& niffia HrVSi -p so did she slight me. 
Ib. s. 3 beg.; s. 45 '31 bs Kin IS/ia he will treat his pro- 
phetic mission lightly. Tanh. Bkeh 1 pa iWT&a have I 
become overhearing because I observed thy commands? 
(Tanh. ed. Bub. 2 TI1&3, v. note a. 1.). lb. Mifckets 10 
'31 hSt»a loia Xfnn t6 be not haughty in happiness, so 
as to refuse to pray. lb. (ed.Bub.) Bmor 29 '"jnite loia; 
Tanh. ib. 20 (some ed. ima, corr. ace.) thinks lightly of 
them. — Part. pass. "fiba, fem. irnTOS cotlfemptiife. Tanh. 
Sh'moth 11. 

Pi. 1&ia same. Ex. B. s. 1 irks 'ai (some ed. "Slat) 
and he despised it (idolatry). Tanh. Ekeb 1 some ed. 
THC^a, v. supra. 

1&!3 ch. same. Targ. Ps. LXIX, 34; a. fr. 

Pa. ii&a. 1&5 same. Targ. 0. Num. XV, 31 ed. Berl.; 
a. fr. ; [in ed. sometimes 1U»].— Targ. I Sam. XI, 12 Ibaa 
"ffliai spoke sneering] y.—Y. Ber. II, 5 C bot. fiiaiKI U)J ia 
i"pb Xl&aa one whom his mother (Palestine) despises and 
his stepmother (Babylon) honors; v. HK. Y. Snh. 1, 19 a top ; 

Y. Ned. vi,40 a ■jinmoaa ssa cpni&aa'; read yina ioaa) 

he wanted to despise them (reject their authority). 

~I<D3 II ( j/ba, v. d&a) to begin to boil, to be in the 
first stage of ripening; v. next w.— Denom. I&ia, STTioa. 
— Trnsf. (v. lioa) to be glad. Gen. E. s. 34 end (play on 
-itt)a a*>, Ezek. XXXVI, 26), [read as] Yalk. Gen. 61 a^> 
TflOn bili lpbnaibia a heart rejoicing in the good fortune 
of his neighbor.— V. IfcB. 

~l&3 ch. same. 1) Part. "Visa m., jm?a f., pi. I'TOa 
t» the 'early stage of ripening. Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 34 

pi&a . . . SfMlSD Ar. (ed. S*Yib3 . . . . Stno, K1t>3, read 
Slida; h. text aiax).— 2) to be cheerful; v. "lioa. 

"ID^III, ^"l&S flesh, v. itaa, aito. 

fcVH&lS, Pesik. Bahod. p. 154 b , read SfwiQip. 

JStriW'l&S f. (1031) contempt. Targ.JobXJI,21; a.e. 

~P'?]D3 (read 'aba) m. (vestiarius, peaTioipios S.) 
f/ie keeper of the (royal) wardrobe. Pesik. B. s. 10. 

*!Sj3Fp2t ('CD) m. (reduplic. of pOa=pta; cmp. 
Mand. BpoW=KpW, Nold. Mand. Gr. p. 62; Syr. Stnotl= 
tarra, P. Sm. 520) jug, pitcher; cmp. r\ia. Hull. 49 b . 


«$Q, v.m ' 

mm, v. MTO9. 

2/ISSa m. ( w.) easting bubbles, bulging, bulge. 
Mikv. X, 4 (of garments dipped in water until they are 
soaked through) ISiasaa iniSiYand cease from bulging* 
T'bul Yomll, 8 Warn© 'a (an imperfection in an earthen 
jug) a protuberance. 

?S3?i (Pilp. of Ma;' cmp: pasa) 1) to cast bubbles, 
to form protuberances, to bulge, kikv. X, 4 sisa5»a^ffl IS 

until they (the garments dipped in water) form bulges; 
v. preced. Yalk. Sam. 157 ; Midr. Till, to Ps. XVIII, 3 

(read:) v&s Trm sasaa nniuan pa mmo the oil' of. 
anointment camebubbling down upon him. — 2) to struggle 
in the water, swim. Y. Sabb. Xin, 14 b top.; Y. Sot. 
Ill, 19 a top. '31 'aa pTJifi a child struggling in the river. 
Y. Yoma HI, 41 a '31 'aa hwin commenced casting up 
bubbles from under> the ship (Bab. ib. 38 a nSaSaaj. 

3?2<~l ch. (v. 193) to ask entrance, knock at the door. 
Lev. E. s. 21; Pesik. Ahare, p. 177 a S393a fTlrl used to 
knock. [Ar. reads 53S3, quoting Lev. B. 1. c. also for a 
Hebrew verb S3S3b; Bashb. to Pes. 112 a quotes S3S5.] 

"I3D (Arab.) to keep off. Imper. IV 1938. Cant. B. 
to IV, 1 (ref . to 1S3a ib.) '31 1319 'b it is Arabic; if one 
desires to say to one, Make room for me (or, Let me alone), 
he says ^ isax (some ed. 1S3a). 


'12S, ^ffl^S f. (T»a) prayer. Targ. Jer. VII, 16: 
Targ. II Sam. VII, 20; a. fr.— (OS (in prayer) I pray 
(h. ia, S»). Targ. Gen. XIX, 7. Ib. XLIV, 18; a. v. fr. 
[Targ. Ps. XLIII, 4, v. WWaE] 


t2*"21 m. (BS3) 1) treading grapes, or trodden grapes. 
Targ. Is.'X, 33 ; Targ. Joel IV, 13 (ed. BWa); Targ. Is. " 
LXin, 3 BW1-2) a kick with the foot. Y. Taan. IV, 68 d 
bot. '31 'a 1h ftrb 3Mi he gave him one kick and killed 
him; Lam. B. to II, 2 fi*&S13 5WS3 in.. 

-iwa, *ni?s (ts&) m . cm)*** /^ (h. *«&. 

Targ. 0. T Gen7xV, T 17 (Y.Vsaa); a. e— PZ. ynisa, sjiwa. 
Targ. Nah. II, 5 'U>a (ed.Vien.). Targ. Job XLI* ll'; a.e. 
— B. Mets. 85 b SUJsil 'a (Ms. M. 1131). 

an*l3&, v. W3. 

T32III (/sa, v. S13) to swe«, 6«%e. Midd. Ill, 8 
IDSa 1 ! sAtt) marg. vers, (or sias:^ Nif.; text BS3i sing.) that 
the walls should not bulge. 

T2§3ll (b. h.; /sa, akin to p, aa) to trample, 
strike, kick. Y. Yoma VHI, 45 b top nils inosa a mule 
kicked him. Ex. B. s. 30 "pb^H 'a knocked against the 
prison door (burst it open). Ab. Zar. IV, 8 nawa n5 a 
wine press packed with stamped grapes. — Trnsf. (with a) 
to resist, reject. Sabb. 104 a , v. D"ns. 

Pi. BSia same. B. Kam. II, 1. naSOa nritt if the 
animal kicked. Ber. 32 a ; a. e.— Trnsf. to hick against, 
rebel, be contumacious. Sot. 22\ Y. Ber. IX, 14 b bot., 
a. e. 'Pll&iia B9aa bearing suffering with contumacy 
(instead of showing repentance). Pesik. E. s. 47 ; Yalk. 
Job 908 'aa bTinn (sub. pno^a) began to be contum- 
acious (challenging the Lord). 

TD5S, WSl ch. same. Targ. Hos. IV, 16; a. e.— 
Y. Sabb. VII, ll a bot.; Y. Shek. Ill, 47 c rV3 'a rejected 
his authority. 

Pa. QSa, isiya to tread {grapes). Targ. Lam. I, 15. 
Ithpe. aisanjt to be trodden. Targ. Joel IV, 13; Targ. 
Is. LXIII, 3; a. e. 

"]E5£l m., ri n D T ^3f.(preoed.)^a6iiMa^«er, 5m«- 
jmy. B/Mets. 80 a ; Tosef. B. Bath. IV, 6. 

n SO, TVil (b. h.; /Sa, akin to na, 13, v. tfO, a) to 
eraser iwto, split; b) to 6e empty, bare). Part, nsia, v. infra. 

Hif. inSSlri to fa# feflfe, destroy the crop. B. Kam. 1, 1 
nsaart damaging the crop (ref. to Ex. XXII, 4). lb. 3 b 
Rab says dlfct nt ilS3a the damaging force in theMishnah 
means that of a human being (ransacking, searching); 
for we read (Is. XXI, 12) TOa IVSan dlx if ye desire to. 
enter &c. (where !"I53 refers to human action); Samuel 
says, "pen HI il5>3a the mabeh of the Mishnah refers to 
the tooth, i. e. to an animal's eating up the crop, for it 
says (Obad. 6) VOSSa 15>3i its hidden treasures were laid 
bare (made empty,' — which refers, to eating up). lb. 
(argument against Samuel) nsai "Wlp ^a the Mishnah 
does not use the Nifal (which may mean eaten up); 
(argument against Rab) TOia tlhp "*a the Mishnah does 
not use the Kal (which may refer to human action) but 
theHifll "to cause damage" — through the animal. — Tosef. 
ib. IX, 1. 

■&S1 1, NS^ ch.(v.preced. ; cmp.'pa) 1) to search, in- 
quire, ask, examine. Targ.Jud.VI,29 (h. text U)p3); 
— Ber. 2 b '31 ijtrt Xi»aa rb ISai and put it as a question (not 
as an argument), Does this uba hash-shemesh mean &c. ? 
(opposed to preceding '31 "'Still i&taal how can it be proven 
that &c). T. Hall. I, 57 b fTO . . . pi the Eabbis of . . . 
asked. B. Kam. 33 a 'SI aia . . . 5W3 E. asked B. N.; a. v. 
fr. — 2) to ask, pray, frequ. 'padl 'a to ask for mercy, pray. 
Targ. Y. Num. XII, 13; a. fr.— Ber. 8 a lam tCJiS •VOb 
man should pray &c, v. 56l3T. Ib. 10 a li-Plto ia)Tl isa 
'SI pray thou for them that they may repent ; a. fr. — 

3) to ask, want, desire; to require. Targ. Ex. II, 15;, — Pes. 9 a flpi13 isai and it (the house) requires search- 
ing over again. Keth. 39 b *\b -WSS tib I do not want 
thee. B.Kam. 102 b/ S1 JWS3 13">i1p"> i&I want neither your 
honor nor your disrespect; a. fr. — Pes. 2 a ilYOtt} 133 must 
give praise.— xaix nisa i», usu. aaii* niyaix, v. msa^x. 
[T. Yeb. XII, 13 a top tb inn 6WS, please, give us.]— 

4) (ellipt.) to beg leave to say; to remark, assert. Y. Ber. 
I, 2 b top. Y. Peah II, beg. 16 d ; a. fr. 

Ithpe. ^sanst 1) to be searched for, to be wanted. Targ. 
Jer. L, 20; a. fr.— 2) to be urged, hurried. Targ. I Sam. 
XXIII, 26. Targ. II Sam.. IV, '4 PRWanxa when she was 
hurried; v. SSa. 

Ithpa. contr. "©aix 1) to be asked. Pes. 4 b , a. v. fr. 
tb \XW2% it was asked by them (the scholars), i. e. the 
argument came up. — 2) to be required; it ought to. Ib. 7 b 
ifb isa^a la KSi it ought to read yatsa bo (he has- done 
his duty). Ib. 15 a tfb 'a l">iaia it ought to be midd'barav 
(not middibrehem); a. fr.— B. Kam. 2l b ipte^ irb 'X 
sns>1 he ought to have borne in mind ; a- fr.— SW^a ib 
there is no question. 1V1BX S&* . . . . 'a s£> there is no 
question as to . . . ., but even . . . .; not only .... but. 
Pes. 4 b 'si xbx...Sinsa 'a Vb not only in a place where 

they pay no wages for searching, but do it themselves, 
(is there no cause for withdrawing from the agreement,) 
because a man likes to perform a religious duty : but even 
in a place where they pay wages, (there is no cause &c.,) 
for a man likes &c. B. Kam. 54 b 11U3 'a i6 lasp %xb 
'SI the Mishnah states a case of 'not only'; not only for 
an ox . . . is he responsible, but even &c. ; a. v. fr. — 
X'jsaia is there any question?; v. XFHBi. 
Af. isax to let burst forth, v. stt^ a. S33. 

""SElII (v. isa, i-isa) to open wide (the mouth), to 
yawn (of leopards). Targ. II Esth. I, 2 y^sa "plai. 

CVS/ZL m. 1) (preeed.) yawn, gap. Constr. 15a. tab '3 
greed. "Targ. Prov. XXI, 4 (h. text 3^> am). — 2) (isai) 
question. PI. iTSa. Snh. 106 b 'a niNa '1 four hundred 
questions. Ib. '3 "Waa^ StrYOI is there any greatness in 
asking questions? 

.&TS?3 Cpsa) pr. n. ; 
publican. T Snh. 44 b XbSlx 
ssia 'a. 

a. JBaya (Mayan), name of a 
'3 (not 's^a); Y. Hag. II, 77 d 

(S^SS f. (part, of i5>a) desirous. Y. Taan. I, 64 b bot. 
'SI '3 X3X I want to see what I can do to relieve him. — 
PI. m. i^a. Ib. a top iS3 X1S1 ">">5>a "jinsO na^X whenever 
ye are desirous (that he should come), he is willing to. 

ansa, v. **% 

ITSft, v. asa. 

JTD^B f. (asa) 1) fcictty-. Y. B.Kam. I, beg. 2 a (of 
animals).' Bab. ib. 27 b fflan '3*> for kicking with' one's 
foot &c. 2) beating (with one's fist). Men. VI, 5 (76 a ) 
■pana '31 ilB"HI3 rubbing and beating refer to the prep- 
aration of the wheat of the meat-offering (prior to grind- 
ing); E. Y. says pS33 (Mish. S)j* incorr.) beating refers 
to the dough. Ib. Gem. Var. pS33 '31 diB"»ra fiSTO; Tosef. 
ib. VHI, 14. 

b*fc, v. 

'. tea a. xtea. 

ny^il f. (tea) sea»aZ intercourse. Keth. 3 a WHO 
nwn\^sa5 pi the Eabbis (in this case) have 
declared his coition (by which he wanted to establish 
marriage), a mere act of prostitution (annulled his mar- 
riage). Ib. 73 a , a. e. rYtti rfjisa inbiS3 SIBIS BIX )i» the 
presumption is that nobody wants to make his inter- 
course with a woman one of prostitution (but wants to 
make her his wife thereby).— Ib.4 a msa n^5>3 the marital 
duty, i.e. first coition; frequ. rt3TO!K1 '3. Y.Macc.II,31 d ; 
a. fr.— PI. nftisa. Sabb. 72 a ; a. fr. 

fSSlffl, v. sssa. 

""yB II m. (part. pass, of a verb ^53, denom. of 
XSSa) tinned, wrapt in tin-foil. Targ. Jer. XXXII, 11 
(a. 14, in some ed.) b">nm '3 3"ins written, wrapt in tin- 
foil and tied up (v. bnpl) with a seal, opp. to WflfiB KIHtt) . 


"l" 1 ^,.^"}" 1 ^ ch. c. (b. h. *rt&; 1S3; cmp. also 
fnsa) grazing animal, cattle. Targ. Gen. I, 24 sq.; a. fr. — 
Y.B. Mets. II, 8 c bot.; Lev. B. s. 27, a. e. iStpipl '3 S»»a« 
caftfe; v. nana.— Pesik. B'shall. p. 93 a 'a'lb pru* get an 
animal ready ifor me (for travel). Snh. 105 a (in Hebr. 
diet., play on ll'sa). 

JTS£, v. nsa. 

5«?3 (b. h.; jAsa, y. n53, to ewier mfo, take posses- 
sion) [in b. h. to fee master, protect;] to have sexual 
intercourse (both legal or illicit), to embrace a woman. 
Kidd. 9 b '31 la^a ftbSM 'and he embraced her' (Deut. 
XXIV, 1), this intimates that woman can be acquired as 
wife by intercourse, v. JWa. — tela Z<wef, adulterer, con- 
trad, to tea husband. Sot. V, 1, a. fr. teab WilbNlB bffiD 
tel3^ .... as well as the woman suspeoted of adultery 
is forbidden to he* husband (who must separate himself 
from her), so is she forbidden to the lover (who cannot 
marry her after leaving her husband). Yeb. 103 a S3tB 
'31 '3 niV<5a that wicked man had seven sexual connect- 
ions &c; — Part.pass.f. r6lS>3 one no longer a virgin, 
opp. to SiVinS; married woman, opp. to fiblix, v. b^ix. 
Keth. 10 b ; a. fr.— PI. hftwa. Y. Kidd. I, 58 b bot.; 

Nif- f>te33 she had intercourse. Keth. 5 a . . . tiKii!" 1 : 
'31 !"itea?l is married on the fourth day and embraced 
in the' night of the fifth day of the week. lb. 3 b teaitn 
'31 I&SbIj must first be surrendered to the (Roman) officer 
(jus primse noctis) ; a. fr. — Masc. te3i (of the hermaphro- 
dite). Tosef. Bice. II, 5; Y. Yeb. VIII, 9 d bot. 

353> ^ n ?^ oh. same. Targ. O. Deut. XXI, 13 ; a. fr.— 
Keth. 6 b tea^aV "Wi because he is anxious to perform his 
marital duty. lb. V^sa xVl T*"ib1 he is excited because 
he has not &c; a. fr. 

Pa. tea, part. pass. f. Nteaa married, having had inter- 
course. Targ. Buth I, 12 ; a. e. 

Ithpe. xteaiK as preced. Nif. Yoma 19 b ha3 S>1S3K1, 
'31 (Ms. M. VWW) and how many virgins have been 
seduced (to-day) in Nahardea! 

5S3 m. (b. h. ; preced.) 1) husband. Kidd. I, 1 and 
she becomes her own master '3fi Waal una through a 
letter of divorce or on the husband's death; a. v. fr. — 
2) the idol Baal. Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 43 a bot. ff^i ffliCi 'a 
'31 nifl the Baal was the phallus and had the shape of 
a bean [read*|lBi«l].'— 3) [the fructifter,"} rain (v.Taan.6 b ; 
cmp. Is. LV, 10). 'a ms a field sufficiently watered by rain 
and requiring no artificial irrigation. Tosef. M. Kat. I, 1 

on (nia) stub., l. Tosef. Succ 11,7 'a *>a> rats 

(sub. r\ia) a willow in a naturally watered field. lb. 
Shebi. II, 4 'a Vtl>n (='3 bw maa), opp. ipHi) bv. Num. 
B. s. 16 the Egyptian gods bfl 1pti5 ilB (read iplB) are 
gods of artificial drainage, but those of Canaan bin 'a !>tt) 
are gods of rain; (Tanh. Sh'lah 13, through misunder- 
standing, (13 itea . . ynpttJ. — 4) (mostly in compounds) owner 
of, master of , possessed of, given to &c; e. g. (max 'a 
owner of alostobject; irnsa'amasterof Agadah, lecturer; 

pi 'a opponent in court; v. infra. Pes. 86 b iSK blUM "a I 
am so named. — PI. b^tea, "ptea owners; mostly as sing. 
owner. B. Mets. VIII, 1 ; a. fr. [Y. Dem. Ill, 23 b bot. 
T»te3, read pteaK] 

Compounds: niaiDha 'a He who knows man's thoughts. 
Snh. I9 b . — Ib/a^tea those entertaining considerations (of 
fear), hesitating to do justice. — naiffl 'a gray-haired. Ned. 
Ill, 8.— naiffin O repentant sinner. Succ. 53 a ; a. fr. — 
rYfiTOh "3 a »»<mj 0/ many objections or excuses. Gen. B. 
s. 20 beg. — [For other compounds, not self-evident, see 
the respective determinants.] 

*&& « 

constr. V 1 ??, tea ch. same. 1) husband. Targ. 
0. Ex. XXI, 3 ; a. fr.— Taan. 6 b '31 'a XTja the rain is 
the husband (fructifier) of the field; v. preced. 3). — 
2) Baal. Targ. Jud. VI, 25 ; a. e— PI. X'jtea. lb. II, 1 1 ; a. fr. 

n'553 f. (preced.) mistress, owner &c. Gen. B. s. 52 
(rendering ntea, Gen. XX, 3, as though ntea) fiteai SBTra 
her husband's mistress. — Compounds are mostly self- 
evident, e. g. BSh ntea the woman receiving the letter 
of divorce ;— WiaiK 'a an animal of large build. Ber. 32 a ; 

v. tea. 

2?>Q (v. nsa; cmp. bra) to be excited. — Af. Sax to 
hurry. ' Targ. I Kings XXII, 9 fTWo 'S Ar. (ed. S>an, h. 
text niha) bring .... quickly. Targ. Ezek. XXIV, 5.— 
Part. pass, S3a, KSaa ('aa) quick. Targ. Deut. XXXII, 35. 
— PI. psaa. TargVNum. XXXII, 17. 

Ittaf. saFix to be in a hurry, be anxious. Targ. Ps. 
XXXI, 23 irtisajrap Ms. (ed. TOattsa), Targ. II Kings 
VII, 15; Targ. II Sam. IV, 4, v. .*m I. 

f'S'Sl 1) (dialectic for DSa) to tread. Targ. Ps. XCI, i3 
piS3n some ed. (oth. bisan).— 2) to wrap in tin, v. "psa. 

f 23 m. (cmp. pa, v. p35> a. lASaiX) to, plumbum 
album; Kel. XXX, 3 'aa pa 1X1DS if he mended it either 
with &c. B. Bath.89 b (diff. fr. last, a. StlBbiJ, cassiterum, 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Plumbum). Men. 28 b ; a. fr. 

JKSISJS, V" 1 ^ ch. same. Targ. Ezek. XXU, 18. Targ. 
Y. Num. XXXI, 22 Ar. a. Levita (ed. Wibtip, 0. 5*sa«). 

"1^3 (b. h.; l/"sa, v. rtSS; cmp.ixa) [to cfear,] 1) to 
burn (act. a. neut.). Ex. rVs. 2 rTisia'tt}!* burning fire, 
lb. '31 ISia MSbiiffl bttJ3 as the bush is' burning &c. [Num. 
R. s. 9, end 1"5>a bilSiab, read biTbiai, ' v. "ibal, Var. 
bilBlbW] — 2) to be empty. Denom. 1?a.— 3) to eat up. 
Denom. "VSa. 

Pi. 1^3 1) to clear, remove (out of existence or out 
of possession). Pes. 6* 153^ plpt is bound to remove (the 
leaven by burning or otherwise); a. fr. — Shebi. VII, 7 
'a'b 3TI is bound to remove (dispose of the fruits of the 
Sabbath year in due time). [Num. B. s. 9 (p. 230 b ed. 
Amst.) ywi Si!* bi'nsaa, read with Yalk. Num. 708, Sifre 
Num. 11 ynsnsaj oth. vers, pliaa, v. Tia.] 2) to clear, 
eat up. B.Kam. 2 b )Wft 11 nsai 'and it clears"' (Ex. XXII, 4) 
this refers to injury hy the tooth (animal's eating). [3) (b. 
h.) to start a fire, enkindle. V. nnsa.] 

Hif.*tV*3n to start or entertain afire, to clear a field. 
Sabb. 20 a (ref. to '31 lisan &6 Ex. XXXV, 3) "«.... isa 
I^Saa nnx 'in all your dwellings' thou art not permitted 
to start a fire; v. fTTSSl. B. Kam. 60 b "WISarflB nisan 
the fire which I set (toZion). Ib.55 b (reft toEx.l.c. 5) is 
l^saa 'pSS 1^351 only when he acts like the one setting 
fire (to clear the field, i. e, criminal negligence) ; a. e. 

Hof. isa*in to be rekindled, to turn again. Sabb. 37 ab . 

~l«El I, "P5£l ch. same. 1) to burn. Targ. 0. Ex. 
m,2~1S.a ed. Berl. (oth. ed.isa, Part ). Targ. Is. LXII, 1. 
Targ. Ps. XVIII, 9; a. fr.— 2) to remove; to dispose of. 
Tes. 5 b '31 JAIian VTOS dispose ye of the leavened bread 
of the (gentile) soldiers (deposited with you). 

Pa. ISa to enkindle, ignite. Targ. Ex. XXXV, 3. Targ. 
0. Lev. VI, 5 (Mss. a. some ed. l$a? Af.). 

Af. 1S3!* same. Targ. 0. Lev. VI, 5 (v. supra). *Targ. 
Y. I Gen.' XV, 17 f^atti 1T»a.. 

"lyS II (cmp. ^Sa II) to open the mouth wide, to low 
(of oxen; cmp. 1SS). Targ. II Eth. I, 2 "pSia (some edit. 

nnlSSl f. (b. h.; ISa) /ire, conflagration. B. Kam. 
VI, 4 '31 i->S 'an nx rtlttSl he who sends out a deaf and 
dumb, an idiot or a minor with burning materials (live 
coal &e.) thus causing or ordering a conflagration. lb. 
'an W* nilffin he who starts a fire (himself). lb. 60 b , 

v. isa. 

E525l=«58Srfo displease (in Targ. T. II). Targ. Y. II 
Deutf XV, 10 (ed. Vien. ffisa). lb. XXVIII, 54 BSatl 
(read ttiSSS) ; 56. 

STlS'S (b. h. -|/Sa, v. n»a; interch. with rtta q. v.) to 
startle. [Hot used in Kal.] 

Nif. H93S to be startled, frightened, confounded. Num. 
R. s. 18; Tanh. Korah 6 '51 yn» SW1B Aaron trembled 
and was alarmed. Y.Shek.I,beg. Bab. ed. n^Sa?, v. nna. 

jB*/. n^san to frighten, bewilder. Yoma V, 1 (52*>) 
'31 fTOanb xbli) in order not to alarm the people (by a 
long delay). lb. 39 b *;a:£S Prts>3a ntlM nab why wilt thou 
be the alarmer thyself (predicting thine own destruction; 
Ms. M. a. Yalk. Zech. 578 "jaXS «*, incorr. ; Ms. Oxf. 
-|aS5>a; Y. ib. VI, 43° hot. wbnaa, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. 

Hithpa. nsann to be agitated, excited. Y. Sabb. VI, 8 b 
top nsana Xinttj for he is excited. 

rK?> ^' 1 ?2 <=h. (v. preced.) to be excited. Nidd. 66 b 
StfVSaV bllDa because she is excited (afraid of falling down). 

Pa. n-wa, nsa to frighten. Targ. Ps. XVIII, 5 (Ms. 
nnisa Pe.).— Keth. 77 b ^ nnsaa xab^i lest thou frighten 
me. Hull. 53 a sq. iTBlS VSaa Xp ifflSa they frighten 
each other. Nidd. 66 a innsa b^T go and frighten her (by 
a sudden noise). 

Ithpe. msam, nisa-W to be afraid; to be agitated, 
anxious, in haste (cmp. b. h. 1in). Targ. I Sam. XXI, 2. 
Targ. Is. XXII, 4. Targ. II Kings VII, 15 lihttlMSrwa 
Eegia (ed. fMTYlSahKa) ; v. SSa a. 'i»al. Y. Ab. Zar. 

V, 44 d hot. nsana Mlhl and he is afraid (to touch the wine). 
— Meg. 3 a rYwaW 'JXa ij*n when one is suddenly seized 
with fright. Ib. lhlsaiK. Keth. 106 a inisa trb hWO ffln 
he ran anxiously to meet him; cmp. Targ. I Sam. 1. c; 
a. fr. 

&$rfi?!2 I m. (preeed.) terror.-— PI. JWSa. Targ. Ps. 
LXXXVIH, 17, v. KWlSTa. 

^P3?2ll f. (S30) urging, stimulation. Targ. Prov. 
XIII, T l"; a. e. (h. text niSS).— Ih. XVII, 10 some ed. 


fi&D, Y. Meg. I, 72 a top, v. hST?. 

&tS3, ^Upl ( ]/ya=pa, S3; cmp.SSa) [to split, break 
through;] (cmp. i»a I) to search, ransack. Targ. Prov. 
ii, 4 (ed. Wii. niain, read nisan). Ib. XXV, 27. Ib. 
XX, 27 (Var. K^Sa).— Part. ^SNa 13a. Ib. XXV, 2. 

I%e. ^aam, contr. ">xais$ to &e searched, found out. 
Ib. 3. Ib. XXVIII, 12 iJtaa. 

5?<2|S, «£"& (WHS) m. (=h. hra) swamp, pond. 
Targ/job VIII, 11 (Var. Kltfti). Targ!Ps.LXIX,3 &txln 
xnVisai Ms. (ed. »ia).— PI. fsa, x*sa, ~>a. Targ. is. 
XIV, 23. Targ. Y. II Ex. VIII, 1 (ed. Vien. H^a). Targ. 
Ezek. XL VII, 11. 

■pfiSil m. hemp, v. Biaoa. 

fS^S (Pilp. of '('la or ySS; v.Xsa) to 6reaA; through, 
bubble forth, burst forth. Sot.Hi>; Ex.E.s.l TSasaa Vf, 
'31 they burst forth and came out of the ground. Keth. 
lll b the righteous (dead) '31 psasaattS will break through 
(the ground) and rise in Jerusalem. — Pes. 13 a fan n^n 
'aa the leavened bread crumbled through the bag. Num. 
E. s. 18, end; Gitt. 56 b KSVn 'aa dl blood bubbled forth. 
Hull. 56 a 'aa bX if the brains bubble through the hole 
in the scull. 

fipD ch. same. Hull. 46 b XSSsaa ij* if the lungs 
(on being put in water, or water being put on the dis- 
eased spot) cast bubbles when blown up. 

nsa, d'qei, v. wtt. 

ffiSJit, TlSP'3, f.(b.h.,^2a;v. xsa; cmp.nssa, a.nbt2a 
Ezek. XL VII, 11) channel, marsh, pond. — PI. EPSa, 'ia. 
Par. VIII, 10. Tosef. Mikv. I, 14. Snh. 5 b a teacher spoke 
of S^a ia the liquid of eggs, and the students under- 
stood &">Ba Ar. (Ms. ¥. ft^aia, ed. aissa, v. nssa). v. 

^"IDlSiSS f., pi. nixip^'sa (reduplicof 1sa)=ri1p5 
a. Sip™'; cmp. Xniiaa. " Y. b! Bath. Ill, end, 14 b (for 
which Tosef. ib. Il" 17 hlKIBtTW). V. next w. 

JTCT12E1 f. (reduplio. of isa; cmp. nixiSh) a com- 
partment surrounded with bars,balustrade, balcony. Midd. 
II, 5 '31 'a niSipni and they surrounded the cell (n35S5P) 
with a balcony so that the women could sit above, while 


the men were seated beneath it; [Succ. 51 b JHCHIM, Ms.. 
M. msiBfltt; Tosef. ib. IV, 1 'IS tt)btt)].' [The variations 
amiSS, K1B212:)&c.,v.Babb.D.S. to Sabb.96 a , Erub. 78 b 
notes, a. Ar. s. v. KIHtlM, are clerical errors induced by- 
assonance with the synonymous XIUTltS. E£ib<JTpa as 
balcon}/, for h. trb», Symm. II' Kings I, 2, is itself an 
adaptation of XIBtltt.] 

ninsisa, rrinrjxs t. P i. caa, v. preoeao «*■ 

gines of siege or defence (v. tf^tVA). Pesik. Hahod. p. 47 a ; 
Shub. p. 163 b (for Var. Lect., 'v.' Bub; notes a. 1.); Pesik. 
B. s. 15. Midr. Till, to Ps. II, end iJS 'SI hl">bn!* Sail) 
"pis do I need camps and engines (for demolishing the 
world)?; Yalk. Ps. 623 nvmiS (corr. ace). V. nWtt&p. 

ri"]iH3 f. (b. h. nika, 11123; 123) scarcity of pro- 
vision, dearth. Ab. V, 8 '31 'a bffi 3S1 a famine in con- 
sequence of high prices, when some are hungry, others 
are satisfied, '3 btill Halrta ba 331 a famine through 
political disturbances and through dearth. Gen. B. s. 33 
'3 MlB a year of dearth. Taan.111,1 'a h3a, expl.ib,19 b 
'a T^b fwaati M3a a calamity which will produce dearth 
(want of rain in season). 

Snni2& (N?™% m%% '^) ch. same. 
Targ/jer. XVII, 8 ('ed. Wil. KhVsa) ; 'a. fr.— Taan. 19 ab 
'31 'a NISlJit MlhS when provision has to be imported 
on rivers (canals), it is called 'a, when from one country 
to another it is called &UB3. Keth. 97 a .— PI. Killisa. 
Targ. Jer. XIV, 1 (some ed. Xni2ia). 

■-.armsa .(xnTsa, anmirn) f.=h. mta, 

balcony {v. S112123). Targ. Ezek. XLI, 13 sq.; a. fr.— 

tF3&, v. hsa. 

]"S3l m. (b. h.; "12a) vintage, harvesting. Peah 
VII, 7; a. fr.— Y. B. Bath. Ill, 14 a top '31 'a . . . . . d^UJ '5 
three undisturbed grain crops, three grape harvests &c; 
v. Bab. ib. 36 b . V. rrn^a. 

TSSlI, "PIS ch. m. (123) &'m»mM,sma#; (adv.) 
less,least. Targ.Y.Gen.I,16;a.e.— Snh.l08 b . B.Mets.21 b 
isna 'a less than this; a. fr.— V. Kfr"p2pa. 

TES to be less, v. ixa.. 

»TSb,' v. 123, end. 

JIT'Spl f.=-|isal. Sabb. 17 a 'an nssiaa when they 
are cutj'a/fr— P£niT>2a. B. Bath. 36 b 'a 'J llSaTB IS, 

v. i^sa. 

322^1 ( "l^f 3 ! om P- ^ ss ) *° l> ee '/ fo *pM> branch off. 
Lam. E. introd.; Koh. B. to XII, 7 (interpret, '■pin taftt 
Ezek. XXI, 26) rnbsai Has (b«) an arm which branches 
off (direction post on tbe cross-road). 

Ithpe. V'Sa'W (denom. of xbxa) to grow bulbous. Erub. 29 b 

top Sinft "V* (ed. Pesaro a. Ar.biSBK, Var. bi23!*) the 
bulb has grown to the length of a span. 

b33 m. (b. h.; v. preced.) onion. Nidd. 17 a ; a. fr.— 
Maasr. V, 7 (8) fi&31 blD 'a, expl, in Y. ib. 52 a 'the stalk 
of which is pressed inward'; oth. opin. 'which has no 
acerbity', v. tfyk.—H. S^bsa. Shebi. n, 9 bulbil 'an 
which produce no seeds. Ib. V, 4 SillSipil '3 summer 
onions; a. fr.— Ukts. II, 8 '3 1J31 "a^S the leek-like sprouts, 
and the central sprouts of onions. Gen. B. s. 82 (ref. to 
Obad. 6) '3 nsrtp (not iVbsa) like peeling onions (laying 
bare Esau's shame). 

»bS3, v. abaia. ' 

b^b^S pr. n. m. (b. h.) Bezaleel; 1) the artificer of 
the Tabernacle. Ber. 55 a . Ex. E. s. 48; a. fr.— 2) B. B., 
an Amora. Cant. E. to III, 11 '3 "1 dlU3 H"i313 "1 (Num. 
B. s. 12 !-&S3; Pesik. Vayhi, p. 4 b lib ; Yalk. Ex. 369 only 

'1 BB3). 

tDT2, v. preced. 

D^HD," '2 "by pr. n. m. Ale B'tsalim (Onion 
Leaves')/ Y.Bnh.Vl| 23 c bot.; Y.Hag.II,77 d bot. Miriam, 
the daughter of A. B. (prob. a nickname). 

blipSlS m . (dimin. of bxz)dwarf-onion,(pallacana). 
Kil. I, 3; v/Y. ib. 27 a . [Maim.: desert onion.] 

.yiHl (b.h.; yyi; cmp.Sta, Sp3, SSB) l)to cut, break, 
esp. to break bread and say the blessing. Hull. 7 b Tro^a 
'31 bs '3 Sib never said grace over a piece of bread which 
was not his own (never accepted an invitation). Ber.46 a 
'31 Mtia afT'Sa the host breaks the bread and the guest 
says grace after meal. Ib. 47 a '31 Sl33b "Wl S213!l p&t 
he who is chosen to break the bread, must not begin to 
break until the Amen of those that respond (to the bless- 
ing) is finished; a. fr.— 2) to split the difference, to ad- 
just, compromise. Snh. 6 b top 3123b law after the 

legal proceedings are closed, thou must not act as an 
arbiter in a compromise. Ib. 'ab 11&X the court is for- 
bidden to attempt a settlement (you must let the law 
take its course). Ib. 'ab !ll2a it is a meritorious act to 
bring about a settlement. Ib. (before having formed an 
opinion the judge may say) WSai 1X2 go out and settle ; 
a. fr. 

Pi. s»aa to adjust. Y. Snh. I, 18 b top XEJ1H ssaairthe 
judge who settles a case is a sinner. Ib. SS3b : (interch. 

with 3123b). V. sistta. 

9SH ch. same. 1) to break. B. Bath. 91 b '3 mil 13 
'31 KplJi when a child broke apart a piece of St. John's 
bread. Sabb. 140 b , v. SMSTa.— *2) to tear away, rescue 
(cmp. i*&). Targ. Job XXXIII, 18 S23"< Ms. (ed. Sia"). 

Pa. SS3 to break. Targ. 0. Lev. II, 6 (Var. SS3 Pe.). 
[Y. Taan. IV, 69 b ; Y. Meg. I, 70 a bot. SSaa (Cant.B. to 
I, 16 MSJSa) read: 32ia, .13233, v. 32i.] 

n^S f. (32a, cmp. naa) ditch, dike, pond.— PI. 
ti^Saa^ .'pSSS, ^3. Tosef. Snh. Ill, 4 fS23 1MB ed. Zuck. 
(Var. -pSlSia); Shebu. 16 a '31 I31S23 13115 Ar. (read TW, 
ed.yssia, Ms.M. ^SSa) there were two ponds (re 



Jerusalem, the upper &o. Sabb. 31 a biall iSSa pa 
the dykes (of the Nile). Snh. 96 a '31 i?Xia. 

7^!3 (v. faaa) to 6reafc through, divide; to ooze, 
trickle^ drip. X. Pes. VII, beg. 34 a ppffla psxia tPSsn bs 
all other sorts of wood (used for roasting spits) will drip 
moisture. T. M. Kat. I, beg. 80 a ; Tosef. Mikv. I, 13 
pXSia di-ifin (ed. Zuok. pl£i3) the mountains are trick- 
ling (sending the rain water into the rivers ; omp. preoed.). 

pXS m. (b.h.; paa, ]/"yS, to break open, split, v.Deut. 
VIII, 4; cmp. plb a. denom.) dough. Pes. Ill, 2 (46 a ) "3 
ttilrtl deaf dough, i. e. having no indications of rising 
(which makes it doubtful whether or not fermentation 
has set in) ; [oth. reading iBIfiil 'a hard and smooth as 
a potsherd]. lb. 4;— PI. Viipxa. Ib.40 a . 

"1^3, (b. h.; Yyz, cmp. 5>2S) to cut grapes. Pes. 3 b 
STliliaa 'j^a'ia one must cut grapes under the rules of 
levitical cleanness. Gritt. 57 a 'SI "|S-nalS ns . . 1123 the 
gentiles held vintage in vineyards soaked with Israel's 
blood; a. fr. 

Nif. 123? 1) to 6e cut. Ex. E. s. 30,1jeg. pais S^Snai 13 
123i!? untii their (the nations') time has arrived to be cut 
(ripe for punishment). 2) to be cut off, diminished. Tanh. 
Noah 18 '31 la trpxas cut off from the world (destroyed). 
Gen. B. s. 38 bfia 123i shall be denied them. 

Pi. 12a, 12iS to e«i off, whence (cmp. 115) 1) to sur- 
round, fortify. Part. pass. 1S»a. T. Pes. VIE, 35 b "bot.; 
T. Shebu. VIII, beg.. 38 b 'aa'jj a roof surrounded with 
railings, v. nixiaa.— Neg. I, 5 ni213a an eruption sur- 
rounded with sound flesh; ib. X, 2 sq. 1213a (of the hair 
in the flesh affected by the eruption). Deut. E. s. 1 (ref. 

to 112a trs Ps.lx, 11, a. 123a ib. oviii, ii) msisatu lis 

"Si the city (of Rome) which is well fortified &c— 2) to 

diminish. lb. ^snirt nisaai nii2aiD (Mat. k. nisaai, 

Yalk. Ps. 779 S12aa ch.) the city which troubles and 
diminishes Israel. 

Nithpa. 123ns to be railed around, be set apart. Meg. 
14 a ; Snh. 110 a ;' Num. E. s. 18 'SI hflb '3 blpa a place 
was set apart for them in Gehenna; Koh. E. to VII, 2. 

H.O (v. preced. a. next w.) to be diminished. Keth. 7 b 
IMS BITS M1231 who has less than one day's (celebration 
of marriage with benedictions pit meals). 

~)|23> ~'" 1 >s^ on - 1) (neut. v.) to be cut, lessened; to be 
small; to want. 'Ab. Zar. 9 a psa has (Eashi piXS) how 
much is wanting yet? Targ. Prov. XIV, 28 Sa5> 1123 the 
population is diminishing.— Hull. 42 b Sin ir& 13a there 
is, according to him, one less (than the number stated) ; 
a. fr.— 2) (act. v.) to diminish, lessen. Targ. T. Deut. 
XIII, 1; IV, 2 (Var. )!flSMl Pa.). Targ. Job XV, 4 — 
Nidd. 65 a Sin rib ISaxft to allow her one night less; 

Pa. 123 to ctrf o/f; to diminish, deduct. Men. 37 b iSM 
UTa'Wb inpaai isa he who cuts one corner of his cloak 
off.— -Targ. Koh. Ill, 5. Targ. Deut. IV, 2, a. e., v. supra. 
— Ab. Zar.9 b 'SI 183S1 we let him deduct therefrom forty 

eight. B.Mets.l03 b "p p23 I let thee have it for less.— 
Denom. S1123 one who uses the vowel letters sparingly. 
Ab. Zar. 9 at> and as a mnemonical sign (for remember- 
ing when to add and when to deduct) 'SI 'a S1BO the 
writer of Bible copies writes many words without the 
vowel letters (defective) which the Mishnah teacher writes 

I^S m. (b.h.) I)=1i23 crop, trust means of support, 
(family-) trade. Ex. E. s.40, end 1123 ma ...... dVb* 

one should never give up his trade; Pesik. E. s. 6, end 

11123 spina (Arakh. 16 miam msaisi iniiais). Ex. E. 

1. c. '(insert Job XXII, 24—25 as text) the Lord says, 
'SI psa .... p123 StTl iJS I am your support, give ye 
never up your support (faith) ; but also the support of your 
fathers ye must not give up (labor) &c. Pesik. E. 1. c. 
thou art our God 1pi231 and our support (ref. to Ps. 
XOV, 6).— 2) pi. bpxa fort. Ex. E. 1. c. (ref. to Job 

I. c; cmp. Targ.) -pniaTI SHDS31B He will be thy forti- 
flcation. [Talk. Deut. 811, v. 11213.] 

nana, rnsa &,., v. >**. 

iCfcZl pr. n. pi. Betseth, a Phoenician border-town 
(perh. identical with Bassa, Neub. Geogr.p. 22). T.Dem. 

II, 22 d top; Tosef. Shebi. IV, 9 (Var. nSS; Hildesh. p. 34 


Jtfpil m., S^ripi f. (ppa to enter into, search, v.' P. 
Sm. 573; cmp. sVaill, StrpJia a. IBBttJQ) gnat. Hull. 58 b 
Kali ia 'a m> no gnat lives an entire day. Ib. trb lin 
'SI "J? they suspended on the gnat's proboscis sixty &c. 
Ib. Spai 'npa isias Ar. (ed. Spaa 'a Slas) the she-gnat 
quarrelled with the he-gnat, v. ''la. — PI. ipa. Succ. 26 a 
'3 blffla on account of the gnats. Sabb. 77 b , v. lUSnfe. 

2$pS, ^pS ( j/pa, v. preced.; cmp. S23, a. 'pa; v. 
ipa, fflpa &c.) to search, investigate, examine, find out. 
Part. ipa. Targ. Prov. XVII, 3 ipa SB1X Bxt. (ed. ipJ). 
Ib. XXIV, 12 "ipsa Ms. (Bxt. a. oth. 123; corrupt. Visa; 
h. text pai).— B. Mets. 84 b 'si "]13S3 ipa (Talk. Prov. 
964 ppa) find out what thy father is doing now. Pes. 3 b 
mill isa ipa Ms.M. (ed.plia) find out his ways and man- 
ners. Gitt. 69 b 'SI ipai^ let one search for the body of one 
who died on a Sabbath. Koh.B. to XI, 2 (read:) p^SI IS 
'SI 1STTI pin pips (strike out ppBJl .... piS3 pits) while 
they were searching (for the grave), two serpents of fire &c. 

fctrfflpS, Y. Snh. VII, end, 25 d , read Srlllpa. 

^bbipa, v . abbpa. 
riTTipn, rrnpa, v. nn R a. 
nnipi, v. niipp. 

n pS, v. spa. 

^pS, ^"'pS m. h. a. ch. (Spa) expert, versed, famil- 
iar. 'Targ. I Chr. XI, 11.— Kidd. 10 b mm Tina 'a well 
acquainted with the chambers (intricacies) of the Law; 
T. Keth. V, 29 d hot. 'SI iirtQ 'a. Snh. VII, 2 !r|ifi sVlB 

'3 "l"3 the court was not versed in the law. Yoma 49 a 
niSlBia 'a an expert in medicine. Yeb. 102 a nni* dibs 
'31 "13 '3 art thou acquainted with E. &c.?; Tosef. ib. 
XII, 11 '31 '13 — j"b rm '3 ed. Zuck. (read "1 -f) ^h '3 as 
oth. ed.) was R. . . . well known to thee? Keth. 6 b ; a. 
fr — PI. r&Tpa, "Wpa. Targ. I Chr. XII, 32 (Tar. ys-pa). 
Hull. 4 a '31 '3 V« (the Samaritans) are not so well versed 
in the details of the Law as &c. Gitt. 86 b . Kidd. 30 a 
IJ-Wpa Kb "pK . . . ; '3 irtST* they (the ancients) were 
versed in Biblical orthography (in defective and plene), 
we are not.— Fem. SIK-pa. Hag. 5 a . [Targ. Y. II Gen. 
XLIX, 12 frabna l^pa Ar., ed. ins, incorr., Levita in 
Tishbi ^Mfpa; Y. I K3bn }a T'T 51 ] 

urj?a, a^ps «<**, v . ^ 3 . 

S^pSlI m. (Sp3; cmp. SlSsS) /jsswre, (KfcA, esp. small 
pond for washing clothes. M. Kat. 8 b 'SI H3133, expl. as 
tvm "131 xniJ a large pond and a small pond. Tosef. 
B. Bath. 1,2. Ib. M. Kat. I, 9 O . . . '3 JW1 it Nibrekheth 
a. B'kia are the same; Y.ib.I,80 d '31 ailttn StlffiB b3 any 
permanent cut in the ground is called S"p3 (fissure, a 
grave, wash-pond &c). [Another opin. in Ar. / a= / a "as 
a flat stone whereon washers beat their clothes; Y. 1. c. 
'31 KITflB ?3 any stone fixed in the ground is called 
a b'kia.— Ms. M. a. ed. Ven. STpJ, v. 5p3.] 

3?" 1 j?5- II m- ch. (Sp3=!*p3)=!*-pa. Snh. 5 b taiaa '3 
(Ms. M. S"pB) an expert in judging bodily defects. B. 
Bath. I64 b 5-pa some ed. (Ms. M. "pa, F. S"pB).— PL 
•pS-pa, "^"pa. Targ. I Chr. XII, 32 Var., v. "pa. Shebu. 42 a 
ifttj i»ip3 iffii&aT naa-i (some ed. ist-pa, m's. F. 'S) the 
majority of the experts are supposed to be better versed 
(than the minority). 

5S5 n p5l m. (Spa) that which is demolished by chop- 
ping* 1,'ev. B. s. 19, v. 0"b!*. 

W'pS f.(Spa) deleaving, cleft; that which is cloven, 
a logJ AWpa. Koh. E. to n, 23 '3 ->nt8 ,->b Spa chop 
for me two logs; (Gen. E. s. 27 rVPSpa, v. HSpa). Koh. 
E. to X, 9; Gen. E. s. 55, end '31 SpatD '3 T«»'l3tt}a as 
a reward for the two pieces of wood which Abraham 
Chopped (Gen. XXII, 3). — 2) crossing, passing over. Sabb. 
101 a D151 PSipa the crossing of fish under the ship. 

"j^pS, T^j» (lE))pr. n. pi. B'kiin, (K'far) 
P'kiin, modern Fukin, a place in Southern Palestine 
between Lydda and Jabneh, residence of R. Joshua. Y. 
Hag. I, beg. 75 d . Snh. 32 b ; a. fr. 

Itf£"'j?2 m. (pp3; cmp. Spa, XS-p3) a broken piece, 
potsherd. .R.-ppipa. Targ.Y.Ex.XII,12;Num.XXXIII,4. 

d f 3&6p 

pabpn, - 

I2p3, Cant. E. to I, 12 '31 bis'-pis 'a, 
1 VlM, v . ^- y. y a i k . jb. 9 8 3. 

*8Dbj5&, NDbplSl m. (bbpa, bpa with & intens., 
as bsba a", Sb3; cmp. Syr. xbp!3 P. Sm. 474; Yp2, 
cmp. nspa) club, shepherd's crook. Gen. E. s. 38 3&3 dp 
mbbp3 (or Kbbpa) he stood up, took (his) . crook and 

16 ns-pa 

broke fhe idols, '31 Kbbpia afi*n and placed the crook 
into the hand of the largest of them (Eashi Nbpbia, corr; 

ace.).— PL idbpa, "©bpia pbbipa). Zeb. ios a nb its-ps 

'133 Eashi {ed. -t>blp33 • Ms. M.' t>bpa, Ar. s. v. bbp, -toblpa, 
Ms. E. 1 -OS-pa, Ms. K. i&Jlpa) they seize it (the sacrifice 
to be burnt) with crooks (while standing outside). 

2p_5 (b. h.; ypa, v. Np3) 1) to split, chop; to break 
through. B. Mets. 99 a ia '3; (Kidd. 47 b Sp">a) if he chopped 
wood with it. Gen. E. s. 55, end; Koh. E. to X, 9; II, 23, 
v. ftS-pa. Ex. E. s. 21 '31 drib Spia -W I am going to 
split the sea for them; a. fr.— Lam. R. to II, 2 ISpS 
'31 ITnb-iTO broke through the lines of N.'s armies; 
Y. Taan. IV, 69 b top "pnb ini3.— 2) to cross, make a 
short cut, pass over. Y. Pes. I, 27 b bot. diaiffiB "ixn 
'31 fSpia a court which people use for crossing. Erub. 
16 b ; Sabb. 101 b (a low wall) '3 '31 diiiahiB over which 
the kids pass; v. fiSpa.— 3) (cmp. yaxa) to break through 
the ground, esp. as a legal fiction for a levitical impurity 
the cause of which is underground, but which affects 
the things above and beneath. Ohol.VI, 6 nSpia HNaia 
'31 the impurity breaks through the ground and rises, and 
breaks through and goes down; a. fr.— Koh. E. Ill, i6 
nblSI '13 dirt SlTl the blood broke through and rose. 
Midr. Till, to Ps. LXXVIII, 45 Itith 11!* '3, "1133 '3 break 
through (take root in) the rock; a. fr. 

Nif. Spa? to be split, to burst open. Ib. yispas fBi&n 
'31 the door sells were burst before them. Ib. ^Sdln '3 
1-toxa the vessel went to pieces of itself. Gen. E. s. 55, end 
'31 BVi SpafiV fiat he was rewarded by the sea being 
divided before the children of Israel. Hull. 14 b Sp3^ KaU: 
113fl the wine bottle may burst; a. fr. 

Pi. Spa, Spia 1) to split, chop, tear. Kidd. 47 b , v. 
supra. Y. Bets. I, 60 a bot.; Y. Ab. Zar. II, 41 c bot. ISp^aiB 
'31 drib (1Sp3tD) of whose flocks the wolves had torn more 
than &c. Bets. IV, 3 '31 'pSpaa f « one must not split 
woods (on Holy Days) etc. Sifre Deut. 183 (ref. to Deut. 
XIX, 5) Spaah ysri )-Q from, the splitting wood (the handle), 
opp.Sparian]'Snthe splitwood(the tree). Tanh.Vayetse9 
'31 ^SpB chop thou &c. — Part. pass. Sp13a. Ab. Zar. 65 b 
niSpiaa grapes burst open. — 2)tojam in,wedge. Sabb.67 b 
diS'ia TOpaan (Eashi Var. nsapart, Ms. M. diss) one 
who squeezes egg-shells &c. (a superstitious practice ; 

Tosef. ib. vi (VII), is bni33 diss rorvtiri). 

Hif. S"ip3n 1) to cut, clear. Shebi. IV, 5 bWO S^pSart 
'31 he who cuts olive-trees down (in the Sabbath year) 
must not cover the stump with ground. — 2) to lead a 
line crosswise. Y.Kii.III, 28 d top '31 S"parjft to plant four 
rows across a valley from end to end. 

Hiihpa. Spain to be split; to burst, break. Sifre Deut. 
183, v. supra.— Sabb. XVI, 5. Cant. E., to VI, 4. 

S>pji m. (b. h.; Spa) [a split,] beka, a weight and a 
coin, equal to half a Shekel. Gen. E. s. 84; a. e. 

Stf^pSl, v. xnspa. 

n3Jp3 f. (b. h.; Spa) cut, notch, whence valley, plane; 
a group of fields ;^h &MX3; esp. a short cut for farm- 



laborers &c. Toh.VI,7, a.e. '31 nahn nW3 'an the path 
through the fields in summer-time (whe^n used by field 
laborers) is considered as private ground with regard 
to Sabbath laws, as public with regard to levitical purity. 
B.Bath.61 b when one sells ... a field n!=115 '33 within a 
large group of fields (all belonging to the seller). lb. (in 
a place) where they call '3 '3!=1 '123 nittfc a field sadeh and 
an estate bikah; a. fr. — Trnsf. an unguarded field, moral 
danger. Erub. 6 a ; 100 b ; Hull. 110 a '31 KSa '3 31 Bab found 
an unguarded field and fenced it in, i. e. found people 
transgressing the law in ignorance and instituted prevent- 
ive regulations.— PL nwj33. Gen. B. s. 98.-2) (constr.) 
nsp33 pr. n. pi. Valley of—, as S>KS"ni '3, Vm '3&c, for all 
of which see the respective determinants. 

''S'pO, T. Ned. IV, beg. 38 c , v. S^a. 

n^pS f. (Spa) l)chip,piece of wood; log to be chopped. 
B. Earn. 32 b '31 '3 nVd a chip slipped out (of the carp- 
enter's hand) and struck his face; Y. ib. Ill, end, 3 d . 
Y. Mace. II, 31 c bot.. Y. Bets. IV, 62 c hot. HX "psao 'pK 
'an you must not extinguish the log; v. D&3. Sabb. 29 a 
top; a. fr— PZ. ( of flqi'S) ni*Sp3. Hull.37 b -**« 
'3 rtolK even if strong enough to bite wood. Koh. B. to 
III, 17 (a gloss expl. ymi). Gen. B. s. 27, v. nsipk— - 
2) dial, for TOpB q. v. 

J$ri?p!jl, '5J5S ch. same. Targ. Y. Num. XIX, 6. 

KJl3J^a, '3>pS, fc^pS f. ch.=h. nspS. . Targ. Gen. 
XI, 2 T ; 'a. fr.— 'A Knspa.— Y. Shebi. Ill, 34 c top, v. 

nssipQ.— Cocstr. nsp|* pr. n. Valley of Gen. B. s. 10 ; 

a/fr. ' 

"IpS (b.h.; "j/p3, v. Spa) to enter into, to clear, split; 
whence 1) (=153) to eat up. Denom. 1p3 (=1"<sa). — 
2) (=1S3) to break forth, shine. Denom. IpL 

Pi.lp^a, Ipja (b.h.) 1) to enter into, examive, search, 
distinguish (cmp. 'pa). Keth. 106 a faia "'Ipaa those 
entrusted with the examination of sacrificial animals. Y. 
Bets. II, 61 c top ycTfcm ')1p' , 3 , l and had them examined 
(and declared free) from bodily defects. Hag. 9 h pX